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Birchgrove, Swansea

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Birchgrove (Y Gellifedw) is a community and large village in the City and County of Swansea, Wales. [1]

37 relations: Blaengwynfi, Book of Common Prayer, Boundary marker, Bristol Channel, Church in Wales, Church of England, Cistercians, Coal, Community (Wales), Copper, Devon, Floodplain, Glais, Gower Peninsula, History of Swansea, John, King of England, Landmark, Llansamlet, Menhir, Mynydd Drumau, Neath Abbey, Neath Port Talbot, Old Red Sandstone, River Neath, River Tawe, Sheep, Skewen, Smelting, Swansea, Swansea East (Assembly constituency), Swansea East (UK Parliament constituency), Swansea Vale, Tumulus, Village, Wales, West Glamorgan, William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber.


Blaengwynfi is a village in the Neath Port Talbot area of South Wales.

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Book of Common Prayer

The Book of Common Prayer is the short title of a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion, as well as by the Continuing Anglican, "Anglican realignment" and other Anglican churches.

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Boundary marker

A boundary marker, border marker, boundary stone, or border stone is a robust physical marker that identifies the start of a land boundary or the change in a boundary, especially a change in direction of a boundary.

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Bristol Channel

The Bristol Channel (Môr Hafren, meaning 'Severn Sea') is a major inlet in the island of Great Britain, separating South Wales from Devon and Somerset in South West England.

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Church in Wales

The Church in Wales (Yr Eglwys yng Nghymru) is the Anglican church in Wales, composed of six dioceses.

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Church of England

The Church of England is the officially-established Christian church in England, and the mother church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.

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A Cistercian is a member of the Cistercian Order (abbreviated as OCist or SOCist ((Sacer) Ordo Cisterciensis), a religious order of monks and nuns. They are variously called the Bernardines, after the highly influential St. Bernard of Clairvaux (though the term is also used of the Franciscan Order in Poland and Lithuania), or the White Monks, in reference to the colour of the "cuccula" or white choir robe worn by the Cistercians over their habits, as opposed to the black cucculas worn by the Benedictine monks. The original emphasis of Cistercian life was on manual labour and self-sufficiency, and many abbeys have traditionally supported themselves through activities such as agriculture and brewing ales. Over the centuries, however, education and academic pursuits came to dominate the life of their monasteries. A reform movement seeking a simpler lifestyle started in 17th-century France at La Trappe Abbey, which led to development of the Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance (OCSO), commonly called the Trappists. After that the followers of the older pattern of life became known as the Cistercians of the Original Observance. The term Cistercian (French Cistercien), derives from Cistercium, the Latin name for the village of Cîteaux, near Dijon in eastern France. It was in this village that a group of Benedictine monks from the monastery of Molesme founded Cîteaux Abbey in 1098, with the goal of following more closely the Rule of Saint Benedict. The best known of them were Robert of Molesme, Alberic of Cîteaux and the English monk Stephen Harding, who were the first three abbots. Bernard of Clairvaux entered the monastery in the early 1110s with 30 companions and helped the rapid proliferation of the order. By the end of the 12th century, the order had spread throughout France and into England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Eastern Europe. The keynote of Cistercian life was a return to literal observance of the Rule of St Benedict. Rejecting the developments the Benedictines had undergone, the monks tried to replicate monastic life exactly as it had been in Saint Benedict's time; indeed in various points they went beyond it in austerity. The most striking feature in the reform was the return to manual labour, especially field-work, a special characteristic of Cistercian life. Cistercian architecture is considered one of the most beautiful styles of medieval architecture. Additionally, in relation to fields such as agriculture, hydraulic engineering and metallurgy, the Cistercians became the main force of technological diffusion in medieval Europe. The Cistercians were adversely affected in England by the Protestant Reformation, the Dissolution of the Monasteries under King Henry VIII, the French Revolution in continental Europe, and the revolutions of the 18th century, but some survived and the order recovered in the 19th century. In 1891 certain abbeys formed a new Order called Trappists (Ordo Cisterciensium Strictioris Observantiae – OCSO), which today exists as an order distinct from the Common Observance.

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Coal (from the Old English term col, which has meant "mineral of fossilized carbon" since the 13th century) is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.

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Community (Wales)

A community (cymuned) is a division of land in Wales that forms the lowest tier of local government in Wales.

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Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

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Devon (archaically known as Devonshire) is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.

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A floodplain or flood plain is an area of land adjacent to a stream or river that stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls and experiences flooding during periods of high discharge.

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Glais is a small semi-rural village of less than 1,000 people located in Swansea, Wales.

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Gower Peninsula

Gower or the Gower Peninsula (Gŵyr or Penrhyn Gŵyr) is a peninsula in South Wales, projecting westwards into the Bristol Channel, and administratively part of the City and County of Swansea.

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History of Swansea

The recorded history of Swansea in Wales covers a period of continuous occupation stretching back a thousand years, while there is archaeological evidence of prehistoric human occupation of the surrounding area for thousands of years before that.

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John, King of England

John (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216), also known as John Lackland (Norman French: Johan sanz Terre), was King of England from 6 April 1199 until his death in 1216.

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A landmark is a recognizable natural or artificial feature used for navigation, a feature that stands out from its near environment and is often visible from long distances.

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Llansamlet is a suburban district of Swansea, Wales, falling into the Llansamlet ward.

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A menhir (French, from Middle Breton: maen, "stone" and hir, "long"), standing stone, orthostat, lith or masseba/matseva is a large upright standing stone.

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Mynydd Drumau

Mynydd Drumau (meaning "Mountain of the Ridges" in English) is a mountain in south Wales lying on the border between Swansea and the county of Neath Port Talbot.

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Neath Abbey

Neath Abbey (Abaty Nedd) was a Cistercian monastery, located near the present-day town of Neath in South Wales, UK.

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Neath Port Talbot

Neath Port Talbot (Castell-nedd Port Talbot) is a county borough and one of the unitary authority areas of Wales.

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Old Red Sandstone

The Old Red Sandstone is an assemblage of rocks in the North Atlantic region largely of Devonian age.

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River Neath

River Neath (Afon Nedd) is a river in south Wales running south west from its source in the Brecon Beacons National Park to its mouth at Baglan Bay below Briton Ferry on the east side of Swansea Bay.

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River Tawe

The River Tawe (Welsh: Afon Tawe) is a river in South Wales.

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Sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammals typically kept as livestock.

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Skewen (Sgiwen) is a village within the county borough of Neath Port Talbot, in Wales.

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Smelting is a form of extractive metallurgy; its main use is to produce a base metal from its ore.

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Swansea (Abertawe, "mouth of the Tawe"), officially known as the City and County of Swansea, is a coastal city and county in Wales.

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Swansea East (Assembly constituency)

Swansea East is a constituency of the National Assembly for Wales.

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Swansea East (UK Parliament constituency)

Swansea East (Dwyrain Abertawe) is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Swansea Vale

Swansea Vale (Bro Abertawe) is a mixed used new suburb development site in Swansea, Wales.

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A tumulus (plural tumuli) is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves.

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A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand.

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Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain, bordered by England to its east, the Irish Sea to its north and west, and the Bristol Channel to its south.

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West Glamorgan

West Glamorgan (Gorllewin Morgannwg) is a preserved county and former administrative county of Wales, one of the divisions of the ancient county of Glamorgan.

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William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber

William de Braose, (or William de Briouze), 4th Lord of Bramber (1144/1153 – 9 August 1211), court favourite of King John of England, at the peak of his power, was also Lord of Gower, Abergavenny, Brecknock, Builth, Radnor, Kington, Limerick, Glamorgan, Skenfrith, Briouze in Normandy, Grosmont, and White Castle.

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Y Gellifedw.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birchgrove,_Swansea

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