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Battle of the Pyrenees

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The Battle of the Pyrenees was a large-scale offensive launched on 25 July 1813 by Marshal Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult from the Pyrénées region on Emperor Napoleon’s order, in the hope of relieving French garrisons under siege at Pamplona and San Sebastián. [1]

80 relations: Anne-François-Charles Trelliard, Antoine Louis Popon de Maucune, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Battle of Maya, Battle of Roncesvalles (1813), Battle of San Marcial, Battle of Sorauren, Battle of Vitoria, Bay of Biscay, Bayonne, Baztan (comarca), Bertrand Clausel, Bidasoa, Brigadier general, Charles, Count Alten, Corps, David G. Chandler, Defile (geography), Denis Pack, Digby Smith, Divisional general, Doneztebe, Edmé-Martin Vandermaesen, Elizondo, Navarre, Eloi Charlemagne Taupin, Enrique O'Donnell, Conde de La Bisbal, Etxalar, Eugène-Casimir Villatte, First French Empire, Francisco da Silveira Pinto da Fonseca Teixeira, 1st Count of Amarante, Francisco de Longa, George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie, Honoré Charles Reille, Izpegi Pass, James Leith (British Army officer), Jean Barthélemy Darmagnac, Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Comte d'Erlon, Jean-de-Dieu Soult, Jean-Pierre Maransin, Joseph Bonaparte, Kenneth Howard, 1st Earl of Effingham, Kingdom of Portugal, Lesaka, Lieutenant colonel, Lieutenant general, Light Division (United Kingdom), List of Marshals of France, Louis Emmanuel Rey, Louis Jean Nicolas Abbé, Louis Pierre Jean Cassan, ..., Lowry Cole, Major general, Maximilien Sébastien Foy, Michael Glover, Napoleon, Nicolas François Conroux, Pablo Morillo, Pamplona, Peninsular War, Pierre Benoît Soult, Pyrenees, Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own), Robert Ross (British Army officer), Roncevaux Pass, Rowland Hill, 1st Viscount Hill, San Sebastián, Siege of Pamplona (1813), Siege of San Sebastián, Sorauren, Thomas Graham, 1st Baron Lynedoch, Thomas Picton, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, William Stewart (British Army officer, born 1774), 1st Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 4th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 5th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 6th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 7th Infantry Division (United Kingdom). Expand index (30 more) »

Anne-François-Charles Trelliard

Anne-François-Charles Trelliard or Treillard or Treilhard, born 7 February 1764 – died 14 May 1832, joined the cavalry of the French Royal Army as a cadet gentleman in 1780.

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Antoine Louis Popon de Maucune

Antoine Louis Popon de Maucune (21 February 1772 – 18 February 1824) led a French division against the British in 1811–1813 during the Peninsular War.

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Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.

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Battle of Maya

The Battle of Maya (25 July 1813) saw an Imperial French corps led by Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Comte d'Erlon attack the British 2nd Division under William Stewart at the Maya Pass in the western Pyrenees.

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Battle of Roncesvalles (1813)

The Battle of Roncesvalles (Roncevaux) (25 July 1813) was a battle between French and Anglo-Portuguese forces during the Peninsular War (1808–1814).

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Battle of San Marcial

The Battle of San Marcial was a battle fought during the Peninsular War on 31 August 1813.

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Battle of Sorauren

The Battle of Sorauren was part of a series of engagements in late July 1813 called the Battle of the Pyrenees in which a combined British and Portuguese force under Sir Arthur Wellesley held off Marshal Soult's French forces attempting to relieve Pamplona.

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Battle of Vitoria

At the Battle of Vitoria (21 June 1813) a British, Portuguese and Spanish army under General the Marquess of Wellington broke the French army under Joseph Bonaparte and Marshal Jean-Baptiste Jourdan near Vitoria in Spain, eventually leading to victory in the Peninsular War.

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Bay of Biscay

The Bay of Biscay (Golfe de Gascogne, Golfo de Vizcaya, Pleg-mor Gwaskogn, Bizkaiko Golkoa) is a gulf of the northeast Atlantic Ocean located south of the Celtic Sea.

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Bayonne

Bayonne (Gascon: Baiona; Baiona; Bayona) is a city and commune and one of the two sub-prefectures of the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

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Baztan (comarca)

Baztan is a rural comarca located in a wide valley in Navarre, Spain, with the Baztan river running through it.

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Bertrand Clausel

Bertrand, comte Clausel (or Clauzel) (12 December 177221 April 1842) was a marshal of France.

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Bidasoa

The Bidasoa (Bidassoa) is a river in the Basque Country of northern Spain and southern France that runs largely south to north.

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Brigadier general

Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.

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Charles, Count Alten

Field Marshal Sir Charles (Carl August von) Alten (21 October 1764 – 20 April 1840), Hanoverian and British soldier, son of Baron Alten, a member of an old Hanoverian family, entered the service of the elector as a page at the age of twelve.

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Corps

Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.

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David G. Chandler

David Geoffrey Chandler (15 January 1934 – 10 October 2004) was a British historian whose study focused on the Napoleonic era.

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Defile (geography)

In geography, a defile is a narrow pass or gorge between mountains or hills.

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Denis Pack

Major-General Sir Denis Pack (c.1772–1823) was an Anglo-Irish military officer during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Digby Smith

Digby Smith is a British military historian.

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Divisional general

Divisional general is a rank of general in command of a division.

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Doneztebe

Doneztebe-Santesteban is a town and municipality located in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, northern Spain.

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Edmé-Martin Vandermaesen

Edmé-Martin Vandermaesen (Versailles, 11 November 1767 - 1 September 1813; also spelled Vander Maesen) was a French general of the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.

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Elizondo, Navarre

Elizondo is a town located in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, northern Spain.

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Eloi Charlemagne Taupin

Eloi Charlemagne Taupin (17 August 1767 – 10 April 1814) became a French soldier before the French Revolution and was killed in 1814 leading his division in battle against the British and the Spanish in southern France.

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Enrique O'Donnell, Conde de La Bisbal

Enrique José O'Donnell y Anatar, conde de La Bisbal or (English: Henry O'Donnell) (1769 in San Sebastián – 17 May 1834 in Montpellier) was a Spanish general of Irish descent who fought in the Peninsular War.

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Etxalar

Etxalar is a town and municipality located in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, northern Spain.

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Eugène-Casimir Villatte

Eugène-Casimir Villatte, Comte d'Oultremont (14 April 1770 – 14 May 1834) fought in the French army during the Wars of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars.

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First French Empire

The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.

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Francisco da Silveira Pinto da Fonseca Teixeira, 1st Count of Amarante

Francisco da Silveira Pinto da Fonseca Teixeira (1 September 1763 – 27 May 1821), was the 1st Count of Amarante, who joined the Portuguese army and fought in the War of Oranges and other campaigns of the Peninsular War, as an offshoot of the Napoleonic Wars.

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Francisco de Longa

Francisco Tomás de Anchia Longa (10 April 1783 – 1831) was a Spanish guerrilla.

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George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie

General George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie, (23 October 1770 – 21 March 1838), styled Lord Ramsay until 1787, was a Scottish soldier and colonial administrator.

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Honoré Charles Reille

Honoré Charles Michel Joseph Reille (1 September 1775 – 4 March 1860) was a Marshal of France, born in Antibes.

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Izpegi Pass

The Izpegi Pass (Col d'Ispeguy, Izpegiko Lepoa, Puerto de Izpegui) is a 672 m high Pyrenean mountain pass located right on the border between Spain and France, linking the Baztan and Baigorri valleys in the Basque Country.

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James Leith (British Army officer)

Lieutenant-General Sir James Leith (8 August 1763 – 16 October 1816) was a Scottish soldier who served in the British Army, commanding the 5th Division in the Duke of Wellington's Anglo-Portuguese Army at several critical battles during the Peninsular War between 1810 and 1813.

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Jean Barthélemy Darmagnac

Jean Barthélemy Claude Toussaint Darmagnac (1 November 1766 – 12 December 1855) became a French division commander during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Comte d'Erlon

Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Comte d'Erlon (29 July 176525 January 1844) was a marshal of France and a soldier in Napoleon's Army.

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Jean-de-Dieu Soult

Marshal General Jean-de-Dieu Soult, 1st Duke of Dalmatia, (29 March 1769 – 26 November 1851) was a French general and statesman, named Marshal of the Empire in 1804 and often called Marshal Soult.

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Jean-Pierre Maransin

Jean-Pierre Maransin (20 March 1770 in Lourdes – 15 May 1828 in Paris) was a Général de Division of the First French Empire who saw action during the Peninsular War.

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Joseph Bonaparte

Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte, born Giuseppe Buonaparte (7 January 1768 – 28 July 1844) was a French diplomat and nobleman, the elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily (1806–1808, as Giuseppe I), and later King of Spain (1808–1813, as José I).

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Kenneth Howard, 1st Earl of Effingham

Kenneth Alexander Howard, 1st Earl of Effingham, (29 November 1767 – 13 February 1845) was a British peer and soldier.

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Kingdom of Portugal

The Kingdom of Portugal (Regnum Portugalliae, Reino de Portugal) was a monarchy on the Iberian Peninsula and the predecessor of modern Portugal.

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Lesaka

Lesaka is a town and municipality in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, in Spain.

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Lieutenant colonel

Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.

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Lieutenant general

Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.

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Light Division (United Kingdom)

The Light Division was a light infantry division of the British Army.

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List of Marshals of France

Marshal of France (Maréchal de France, plural Maréchaux de France) is a French military distinction, rather than a military rank, that is awarded to generals for exceptional achievements.

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Louis Emmanuel Rey

Louis Emmanuel Rey, born 22 September 1768, Grenoble – died 18 June 1846, Paris, joined the French royal army and won rapid promotion to general officer during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Louis Jean Nicolas Abbé

Louis Jean Nicolas Abbé (28 August 1764 – 9 April 1834) became a French general during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Louis Pierre Jean Cassan

Louis Pierre Jean Aphrodise Cassan (23 April 1771 – 20 January 1852) became a French regiment and brigade commander during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Lowry Cole

Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole, GCB (1 May 1772 – 4 October 1842), styled The Honourable from birth, was an Irish British Army general and politician.

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Major general

Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.

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Maximilien Sébastien Foy

Maximilien Sébastien Foy (3 February 1775 – 28 November 1825) was a French military leader, statesman and writer.

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Michael Glover

Michael Glover (1922–90) served in the British army during the Second World War, after which he joined the British Council and became a professional author.

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Napoleon

Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Nicolas François Conroux

Nicolas François Conroux, Baron de Pépinville (17 February 1770 – 11 November 1813) became a division commander during the Napoleonic Wars and was killed fighting the British in southern France.

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Pablo Morillo

Pablo Morillo y Morillo, Count of Cartagena and Marquess of La Puerta, a.k.a. El Pacificador (The Pacifier) (5 May 1775 in Fuentesecas, Zamora, Spain – 27 July 1837 in Barèges, France) was a Spanish general.

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Pamplona

Pamplona (Pampelune) or Iruña (alternative spelling: Iruñea) is the historical capital city of Navarre, in Spain, and of the former Kingdom of Navarre.

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Peninsular War

The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Pierre Benoît Soult

Pierre Benoît Soult (19 July 1770 – 7 May 1843) joined the French royal army before the French Revolution.

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Pyrenees

The Pyrenees (Pirineos, Pyrénées, Pirineus, Pirineus, Pirenèus, Pirinioak) is a range of mountains in southwest Europe that forms a natural border between Spain and France.

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Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own)

The Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own) was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army formed in January 1800 as the "Experimental Corps of Riflemen" to provide sharpshooters, scouts, and skirmishers.

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Robert Ross (British Army officer)

Major-General Robert Ross (176612 September 1814) was an Anglo-Irish officer in the British Army who served in the Napoleonic Wars and the War of 1812.

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Roncevaux Pass

Pass of Roncesvalles or Roncesvalles Pass (also Ronceval or Roncevaux), (elevation 1057 m) is a high mountain pass in the Pyrenees near the border between France and Spain.

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Rowland Hill, 1st Viscount Hill

General Rowland Hill, 1st Viscount Hill, (11 August 1772 – 10 December 1842) was a British Army officer who served in the Napoleonic Wars as a trusted brigade, division and corps commander under the command of the Duke of Wellington.

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San Sebastián

San Sebastián or Donostia is a coastal city and municipality located in the Basque Autonomous Community, Spain.

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Siege of Pamplona (1813)

In the Siege of Pamplona (26 June – 31 October 1813) a Spanish force led by Captain General Henry (Enrique José) O'Donnell and later Major General Carlos de España blockaded an Imperial French garrison under the command of General of Brigade Louis Pierre Jean Cassan.

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Siege of San Sebastián

In the Siege of San Sebastián (7 July – 8 September 1813) Allied forces under the command of Arthur Wellesley, Marquess of Wellington captured the city of San Sebastián in northern Basque Country from its French garrison under Louis Emmanuel Rey.

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Sorauren

Sorauren is a small village close to Pamplona in Navarre, Spain.

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Thomas Graham, 1st Baron Lynedoch

General Thomas Graham, 1st Baron Lynedoch (19 October 1748 – 18 December 1843) was a Scottish aristocrat, politician and British Army officer.

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Thomas Picton

Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Picton (24 August 175818 June 1815), a Welsh officer of the British Army, fought in a number of campaigns for Britain in the Napoleonic Wars.

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

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William Stewart (British Army officer, born 1774)

Lieutenant-General Sir William Stewart, GCB (10 January 1774 – 7 January 1827) was a British military officer who was the first Commanding Officer of the Rifle Corps, a Division Commander in the Peninsular War and a Scottish Member of Parliament (MP) in the British Parliament.

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1st Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 1st Infantry Division was a regular army infantry division of the British Army with a very long history.

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2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 2nd Infantry Division was a Regular Army infantry division of the British Army, with a long history.

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3rd Division (United Kingdom)

The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.

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4th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 4th Infantry Division was a regular infantry division of the British Army with a very long history, seeing active service in the Peninsular War, the Crimean War, the First World War, and during the Second World War.

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5th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 5th Infantry Division was a regular army infantry division of the British Army.

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6th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 6th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was first established by Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington for service in the Peninsular War as part of the Anglo-Portuguese Army and was active for most of the period since, including the First World War and the Second World War.

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7th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 7th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, first established by The Duke of Wellington as part of the Anglo-Portuguese Army for service in the Peninsular War, and was active also during the First World War from 1914–1919, and in the Second World War from 1938–1939 in Palestine and Egypt.

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Redirects here:

Battle of Pyrenees, Battle of the pyrenees, Battles of the Pyrenees.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Pyrenees

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