37 relations: Air draft, Angle of list, Archimedes' principle, Beam (nautical), Bow (ship), Bunkering, Capesize, Cargo, Catamaran, Center of mass, Chinamax, Decimetre, Dragon boat, Hull (watercraft), Imperial units, Keel, Keel depth, Length between perpendiculars, Length overall, Lock (water navigation), Malaccamax, Maritime pilot, Metacentric height, Naval architecture, Oil tanker, Panama Canal, Panamax, Pleasure craft, Sailing ballast, Sea level, Squat effect, Stern, Strait of Malacca, Submarine, Suez Canal, Suezmax, Waterline.
Air draft (or air draught) is the distance from the surface of the water to the highest point on a vessel.
The angle of list is the degree to which a vessel heels (leans or tilts) to either port or starboard.
Archimedes' principle states that the upward buoyant force that is exerted on a body immersed in a fluid, whether fully or partially submerged, is equal to the weight of the fluid that the body displaces and acts in the upward direction at the center of mass of the displaced fluid.
The beam of a ship is its width at the widest point as measured at the ship's nominal waterline.
The bow is the forward part of the hull of a ship or boat, the point that is usually most forward when the vessel is underway.
Bunkering is the supply of fuel for use by ships, and includes the shipboard logistics of loading fuel and distributing it among available bunker tanks.
Capesize ships are the largest dry cargo ships.
In economics, cargo or freight are goods or produce being conveyed – generally for commercial gain – by water, air or land.
A catamaran (informally, a "cat") is a multi-hulled watercraft featuring two parallel hulls of equal size.
In physics, the center of mass of a distribution of mass in space is the unique point where the weighted relative position of the distributed mass sums to zero, or the point where if a force is applied it moves in the direction of the force without rotating.
Chinamax (also known as Valemax) is a standard of ship measurements that allow conforming ships to use various harbours when fully laden, the maximum size of such a ship being draft, beam and length overall.
The decimetre (SI symbol dm) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one tenth of a metre (the International System of Units base unit of length), ten centimetres or 1/0.254 (approximately 3.93700787) inches.
A dragon boat is a human-powered watercraft.
The hull is the watertight body of a ship or boat.
The system of imperial units or the imperial system (also known as British Imperial or Exchequer Standards of 1825) is the system of units first defined in the British Weights and Measures Act of 1824, which was later refined and reduced.
On boats and ships, the keel is either of two parts: a structural element that sometimes resembles a fin and protrudes below a boat along the central line, or a hydrodynamic element.
Keel depth (sometimes given as Depth to keel) is the depth (or draft) of water from the water surface to the keel of a vessel, the deepest part.
Length between perpendiculars (often abbreviated as p/p, p.p., pp, LPP, LBP or Length BPP) is the length of a ship along the waterline from the forward surface of the stem, or main bow perpendicular member, to the after surface of the sternpost, or main stern perpendicular member.
Length overall (LOA, o/a, o.a. or oa) is the maximum length of a vessel's hull measured parallel to the waterline.
A lock is a device used for raising and lowering boats, ships and other watercraft between stretches of water of different levels on river and canal waterways.
Malaccamax is a naval architecture term for the largest tonnage of ship capable of fitting through the Strait of Malacca.
A maritime pilot, also known as a marine pilot, harbor pilot or bar pilot and sometimes simply called a pilot, is a sailor who maneuvers ships through dangerous or congested waters, such as harbors or river mouths.
The metacentric height (GM) is a measurement of the initial static stability of a floating body.
Naval architecture, or naval engineering, along with automotive engineering and aerospace engineering, is an engineering discipline branch of vehicle engineering, incorporating elements of mechanical, electrical, electronic, software and safety engineering as applied to the engineering design process, shipbuilding, maintenance, and operation of marine vessels and structures.
An oil tanker, also known as a petroleum tanker, is a ship designed for the bulk transport of oil or its products.
The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.
Panamax and New Panamax (or Neopanamax) are terms for the size limits for ships travelling through the Panama Canal.
A pleasure craft (or pleasure boat) is a boat used for personal, family, and sometimes sportsmanlike recreation.
Ballast is used in sailboats to provide moment to resist the lateral forces on the sail.
Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's oceans from which heights such as elevations may be measured.
The squat effect is the hydrodynamic phenomenon by which a vessel moving quickly through shallow water creates an area of lowered pressure that causes the ship to be closer to the seabed than would otherwise be expected.
The stern is the back or aft-most part of a ship or boat, technically defined as the area built up over the sternpost, extending upwards from the counter rail to the taffrail.
The Strait of Malacca (Selat Melaka, Selat Malaka; Jawi: سلت ملاک) or Straits of Malacca is a narrow, stretch of water between the Malay Peninsula (Peninsular Malaysia) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
"Suezmax" is a naval architecture term for the largest ship measurements capable of transiting the Suez Canal in a laden condition, and is almost exclusively used in reference to tankers.
The waterline is the line where the hull of a ship meets the surface of the water.