157 relations: Air cooling, Alfa Romeo, Alfa Romeo 145 and 146, Alfa Romeo 33, Alfa Romeo Alfasud, Alfa Romeo Sprint, Armstrong Whitworth, Auxiliary power unit, Balance shaft, BMW, BMW 003, BMW 247 engine, BMW 600, BMW 700, BMW GS, BMW Motorrad, BMW R32, Body roll, Center of mass, Chevrolet Corvair, Citroën, Citroën 2CV, Citroën Ami, Citroën Axel, Citroën DS, Citroën Dyane, Citroën GS, Citroën Visa, Common rail, Continental Motors, Inc., Controlled combustion engine, Crankpin, Crankshaft, Cylinder (engine), DAF 33, DAF 44, DAF 46, DAF 600, DAF Daffodil, Dead centre (engineering), Dnepr (motorcycle), Douglas (motorcycles), Douglas Dragonfly, Drive shaft, Ferrari, Ferrari Berlinetta Boxer, Ferrari Testarossa, Flat twin engine, Flat-12 engine, Flat-eight engine, ..., Flat-four engine, Flat-six engine, Flat-sixteen engine, Flat-ten engine, Ford Model A (1903–04), Ford Model C, Ford Model F, Ford Motor Company, Four-stroke engine, Four-wheel drive, Front-engine, front-wheel-drive layout, Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout, Gasoline direct injection, General aviation, Glas Isar, H engine, History of BMW motorcycles, History of the internal combustion engine, Honda Gold Wing, Honda Valkyrie, IMZ-Ural, Internal combustion engine, Jabiru 2200, Jet engine, Jowett Bradford, Jowett Cars, Junkers Jumo 004, Karl Benz, Lancia, Lancia Flavia, Lancia Gamma, Light aircraft, Longitudinal engine, Lycoming Engines, Lykan HyperSport, Norbert Riedel, Nuremberg, Oltcit Club, Opposed-piston engine, Panhard, Panhard 24, Panhard Dyna X, Panhard Dyna Z, Panhard EBR, Panhard PL 17, Patent, Porsche, Porsche 356, Porsche 908, Porsche 911, Porsche 911 (classic), Porsche 912, Porsche 914, Porsche 917, Porsche 964, Porsche 993, Porsche 996, Porsche Boxster/Cayman, Preston Tucker, Rear-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout, Rotax 912, Rover Company, Santos-Dumont Demoiselle, Straight engine, Straight-eight engine, Straight-six engine, Subaru, Subaru 1000, Subaru Alcyone SVX, Subaru Baja, Subaru BRAT, Subaru Forester, Subaru Impreza, Subaru Legacy, Subaru Leone, Subaru Outback, Subaru Tribeca, Tatra (company), Tatra 11, Tatra 12, Tatra 30, Tatra 54, Tatra 75, Tatra 97, Toyota, Toyota 86, Toyota MiniAce, Toyota Publica, Toyota Sports 800, Toyota U engine, Tucker 48, Two-stroke engine, Ultralight aviation, V engine, V12 engine, V16 engine, Victoria (motorcycle), Volkswagen, Volkswagen air-cooled engine, Volkswagen Beetle, Volkswagen Karmann Ghia, Volkswagen SP2, Volkswagen Type 2, Volkswagen Type 2 (T3), Volkswagen Type 3, Wasserboxer, Zündapp. Expand index (107 more) » « Shrink index
Air cooling is a method of dissipating heat.
Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A. is a car manufacturer, founded by Frenchman Alexandre Darracq as A.L.F.A. (" Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili", "Lombard Automobile Factory Company") on 24 June 1910, in Milan.
The Alfa Romeo 145 (Tipo 930A) and the Alfa Romeo 146 (930B) are small family cars produced by Italian automobile manufacturer Alfa Romeo in Pomigliano d'Arco, Italy between 1994 and 2000.
The Alfa Romeo 33 (Type 905 and 907) is a small family car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 1983 and 1995.
The Alfa Romeo Alfasud (Type 901, 902 and 904) was a small family car, manufactured from 1971 to 1989 by Industria Napoletana Costruzioni Autoveicoli Alfa Romeo-Alfasud S.p.A of Italy, a new company owned by Alfa Romeo and Finmeccanica.
The Alfa Romeo Alfasud Sprint (later only Alfa Romeo Sprint) is a boxer-engined coupé produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1976 to 1989, and based on the Alfa Romeo Alfasud.
Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth & Co Ltd was a major British manufacturing company of the early years of the 20th century.
An auxiliary power unit (APU) is a device on a vehicle that provides energy for functions other than propulsion.
In piston engine engineering, a balance shaft is an eccentric weighted shaft that offsets vibrations in engine designs that are not inherently balanced.
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
The BMW 003 (full RLM designation BMW 109-003) was an early axial compressor turbojet engine produced by BMW AG in Germany during World War II.
The BMW 247 engine is an air-cooled flat-twin motorcycle engine with two valves per cylinder, also known as the "airhead" boxer.
The BMW 600 is a four-seater microcar produced by the German automaker BMW from mid-1957 until November 1959.
The BMW 700 is a small rear-engined car which was produced by BMW in various models from August 1959 to November 1965.
The leos mum series of dual purpose off-road/on-road BMW motorcycles have been produced from 1980, when the R80G/S was launched, to the present day.
BMW Motorrad is the motorcycle brand of the German company BMW, part of its Corporate and Brand Development division.
The BMW R32 was the first motorcycle produced by BMW under the BMW name.
On wheeled or tracked vehicles, body roll is a reference to the load transfer of a vehicle towards the outside of a turn.
In physics, the center of mass of a distribution of mass in space is the unique point where the weighted relative position of the distributed mass sums to zero, or the point where if a force is applied it moves in the direction of the force without rotating.
The Chevrolet Corvair is a compact car manufactured by Chevrolet for model years 1960–1969.
Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group since 1976, founded in 1919 by French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën (1878–1935).
The Citroën 2CV ("deux chevaux" i.e. "deux chevaux-vapeur" (lit. "two steam horses", "two tax horsepower") is an air-cooled front-engine, front-wheel-drive economy car introduced at the 1948 Paris Mondial de l'Automobile and manufactured by Citroën for model years 1948–1990. Conceived by Citroën Vice-President Pierre Boulanger to help motorise the large number of farmers still using horses and carts in 1930s France, the 2CV has a combination of innovative engineering and utilitarian, straightforward metal bodywork — initially corrugated for added strength without added weight. The 2CV featured low cost; simplicity of overall maintenance; an easily serviced air-cooled engine (originally offering 9 hp); low fuel consumption; and an extremely long-travel suspension offering a soft ride and light off-road capability. Often called "an umbrella on wheels", the fixed-profile convertible bodywork featured a full-width, canvas, roll-back sunroof, which accommodated oversized loads and until 1955 reached almost to the car's rear bumper. Notably, Michelin introduced and first commercialized the radial tyre with the introduction of the 2CV. Manufactured in France between 1948 and 1988 (and in Portugal from 1988 to 1990), more than 3.8 million 2CVs were produced, along with over 1.2 million small 2CV-based delivery vans known as fourgonnettes. Citroën ultimately offered several mechanically identical variants including the Ami (over 1.8 million); the Dyane (over 1.4 million); the Acadiane (over 250,000); and the Mehari (over 140,000). In total, Citroën manufactured almost 9 million 2CVs and variants. The purchase price of the 2CV was low relative to its competition. In West Germany during the 1960s, for example, it cost about half as much as a Volkswagen Beetle. From the mid-1950s economy car competition had increased – internationally in the form of the 1957 Fiat 500 and 1955 Fiat 600, and 1959 Austin Mini. By 1952, Germany produced a price competitive car – the Messerschmitt KR175, followed in 1955 by the Isetta – these were microcars, not complete four-door cars like the 2CV. On the French home market, from 1961, the small Simca 1000 using licensed Fiat technology, and the larger Renault 4 hatchback had become available. The R4 was the biggest threat to the 2CV, eventually outselling it. A 1953 technical review in Autocar described "the extraordinary ingenuity of this design, which is undoubtedly the most original since the Model T Ford". In 2011, The Globe and Mail called it a "car like no other". The motoring writer L. J. K. Setright described the 2CV as "the most intelligent application of minimalism ever to succeed as a car", and a car of "remorseless rationality".
The Citroën Ami is a four-door, front-wheel drive supermini (B-segment), manufactured and marketed by Citroën from 1961 to 1978.
The Citroën Axel was a supermini automobile produced between 1984 and 1990 and developed in co-operation by Citroën of France and Oltcit, a joint venture company with the Romanian government.
The Citroën DS is a front-engine, front-wheel-drive executive car that was manufactured and marketed by the French company Citroën from 1955 to 1975 in sedan, wagon/estate and convertible body configurations.
The Citroën Dyane is an economy car/supermini produced by the French automaker Citroën from 1967 to 1983.
The GS is a small family car manufactured and marketed by Citroën for model years 1970-1986 in saloon and estate bodystyles (1970-1980), over a single generation.
The Citroën Visa is a five-door, front-engine, front wheel drive supermini manufactured and marketed by Citroën from 1978 to 1988 in gasoline and diesel variants.
Common rail direct fuel injection is a direct fuel injection system for diesel engines.
Continental Motors, Inc. is an aircraft engine manufacturer located at the Brookley Aeroplex in Mobile, Alabama, United States.
Controlled combustion engine (CCE) is a term used by Revetec, an engine design company, to identify a type of experimental internal combustion engine (ICE) designed by Brad Howell-Smith.
A crankpin or crank journal is a journal in an engine or mechanical device.
A crankshaft—related to crank—is a mechanical part able to perform a conversion between reciprocating motion and rotational motion.
A cylinder is the central working part of a reciprocating engine or pump, the space in which a piston travels.
The DAF 33 is a compact saloon car produced by the DAF company of Eindhoven, in the Netherlands between 1967 and 1974.
The DAF 44 is a small family car that was introduced in September 1966 by the Dutch company DAF.
The DAF 46 is a small family car that was manufactured by the Dutch company DAF.
The DAF 600 is a small family car that was DAF's first production passenger car: it was first presented at the Amsterdam Motor Show in February 1958 and was in production by 1959, although the firm had published the first details of the car at the end of 1957.
The DAF Daffodil is a small family car that was manufactured by DAF from 1961 until 1967.
In a reciprocating engine, the dead centre is the position of a piston in which it is farthest from, or nearest to, the crankshaft.
Dnepr (Дніпро) is a motorcycle brand produced in Kiev, Ukraine.
Douglas was a British motorcycle manufacturer from 1907–1957 based in Kingswood, Bristol, owned by the Douglas family, and especially known for its horizontally opposed twin cylinder engined bikes and as manufacturers of speedway machines.
The Douglas Dragonfly is a motorcycle designed and built by Douglas motorcycles in Bristol.
A drive shaft, driveshaft, driving shaft, propeller shaft (prop shaft), or Cardan shaft is a mechanical component for transmitting torque and rotation, usually used to connect other components of a drive train that cannot be connected directly because of distance or the need to allow for relative movement between them.
Ferrari N.V. is an Italian luxury sports car manufacturer based in Maranello.
The Ferrari Berlinetta Boxer (BB) is an automobile which was produced by Ferrari in Italy between 1973 and 1984.
The Ferrari Testarossa (Type F110) is a 12-cylinder mid-engine sports car manufactured by Ferrari, which went into production in 1984 as the successor to the Ferrari Berlinetta Boxer.
A flat-twin is a two-cylinder internal combustion engine with the cylinders on opposite sides of the crankshaft.
A flat-12 is a 12-cylinder internal combustion engine in a flat configuration.
A Flat-Eight or Horizontally-Opposed Eight (H8) is an internal combustion engine in flat configuration, having 8 cylinders.
A flat-four or horizontally opposed-four is a flat engine with four cylinders arranged in two horizontal banks of two, each bank lying opposite the other, a crankcase between them.
A flat-six or horizontally opposed-six is a flat engine with six cylinders arranged horizontally in two banks of three cylinders on each side of a central crankcase.
A flat-16 is a rarely used internal combustion engine, arranged in two banks of 8 horizontally-opposed cylinders.
The flat-ten engine is an engine with two banks of five opposing cylinders each.
The original Ford Model A is the first car produced by Ford, beginning production in 1903.
See also Ford Model C (1933-1934) The Ford Model C was a version of the first Ford Model A with a more modern look introduced in 1904.
The Ford Model F is an automobile produced by Ford.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
A four-stroke (also four-cycle) engine is an internal combustion (IC) engine in which the piston completes four separate strokes while turning the crankshaft.
Four-wheel drive, also called 4×4 ("four by four") or 4WD, refers to a two-axled vehicle drivetrain capable of providing torque to all of its wheels simultaneously.
In automotive design, an FF, or front-engine, front-wheel-drive (FWD) layout places both the internal combustion engine and driven roadwheels at the front of the vehicle.
In automotive design, an FR, or front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout is one where the engine is located at the front of the vehicle and driven wheels are located at the rear.
In non-diesel internal combustion engines, gasoline direct injection (GDI), also known as petrol direct injection, direct petrol injection, spark-ignited direct injection (SIDI) and fuel-stratified injection (FSI), is a variant of fuel injection employed in modern two-stroke and four-stroke gasoline engines.
General aviation (GA) is all civil aviation operations other than scheduled air services and non-scheduled air transport operations for remuneration or hire.
The Glas Isar is a small two door four seater car produced by Hans Glas GmbH at their Dingolfing plant.
An H engine (or H-block) is an engine configuration in which the cylinders are aligned so that if viewed from the front, they appear to be in a vertical or horizontal letter H. An H engine can be viewed as two flat engines, one atop or beside the other.
BMW's motorcycle history began in 1921 when the company commenced manufacturing engines for other companies.
Various scientists and engineers contributed to the development of internal combustion engines.
The Honda Gold Wing is a series of touring motorcycles manufactured by Honda.
The Honda Valkyrie is a motorcycle that was manufactured by Honda from 1996 to 2003.
IMZ-Ural (Irbit Motorcycle Factory) is a Russian maker of heavy sidecar motorcycles.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
The Jabiru 2200 is a lightweight naturally aspirated, pushrod four-stroke, flat four, air-cooled aircraft engine produced by Jabiru Aircraft.
A jet engine is a type of reaction engine discharging a fast-moving jet that generates thrust by jet propulsion.
The Jowett Bradford was a British light van produced from 1946 to 1953 by Jowett Cars Ltd of Idle, near Bradford, England.
Jowett was a manufacturer of light cars and light commercial vehicles in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, England from 1906 to 1954.
The Junkers Jumo 004, was the world's first production turbojet engine in operational use, and the first successful axial compressor turbojet engine.
Karl Friedrich Benz (25 November 1844 – 4 April 1929) was a German engine designer and automobile engineer.
Lancia is an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia as Lancia & C..
The Lancia Flavia (Tipo 815/819/820) is an executive car produced by Lancia in Italy from 1961 to 1971.
The Lancia Gamma (Tipo 830) was an executive car (E-segment in Europe) manufactured and marketed by the Lancia subdivision of Fiat.
A light aircraft is an aircraft that has a maximum gross takeoff weight of or less.
In automotive engineering, a longitudinal engine is an internal combustion engine in which the crankshaft is oriented along the long axis of the vehicle, front to back.
Lycoming Engines is a major American manufacturer of aircraft engines.
The Lykan Hypersport is a Lebanese limited production sports car manufactured by W Motors, a United Arab Emirates based company, founded in 2012 in Lebanon with the collaboration of Lebanese, French, and Italian engineers.
Norbert Riedel (* 1 April 1912 in Jägerndorf, Sudetenland, then Austria-Hungary; † 24 February 1963 in Zürs am Arlberg, Austria) was an engineer and entrepreneur.
Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich.
The Oltcit Club was a supermini automobile developed by Oltcit in co-operation with Citroën of France in the 1980s.
An opposed-piston engine is a reciprocating internal combustion engine in which each cylinder has a piston at both ends, and no cylinder head.
Panhard is a French manufacturer of light tactical and military vehicles.
The Panhard 24 is a compact two-door coupé automobile produced between 1964 and 1967 by French manufacturer Panhard.
The Panhard Dyna X was a lightweight berline designed by the visionary engineer Jean Albert Grégoire and first exhibited as the AFG (Aluminium Français Grégoire) Dyna at the Paris Motor Show in 1946.
The Panhard Dyna Z is a lightweight motor car produced by Panhard of France from 1954 to 1959.
The Panhard EBR (Panhard Engin Blindé de Reconnaissance, French: Armored Reconnaissance Vehicle) is an armoured car designed by Panhard for the French Army and later used across the globe, notably by the French Army during the Algerian War and the Portuguese Army during the Portuguese Colonial War in Angola, Mozambique and Guinea-Bissau.
The Panhard PL 17 is an automobile made by the French manufacturer Panhard from 1959 until 1965.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
The Porsche 356 is a sports car which was first produced by Austrian company Porsche Konstruktionen GesmbH (1948–1949), and then by German company Dr. Ing. h. c. F. Porsche GmbH (1950–1965).
The Porsche 908 was a racing car from Porsche, introduced in 1968 to continue the Porsche 906/Porsche 910/Porsche 907 series of models designed under Ferdinand Piech.
The Porsche 911 (pronounced Nine Eleven or in Neunelfer) is a two-door, 2+2 high performance rear-engined classic German sports car made since 1963 by Porsche AG of Stuttgart, Germany.
The original Porsche 911 (pronounced nine eleven, Neunelfer) was a luxury sports car made by Porsche AG of Stuttgart, Germany.
The Porsche 912 is a sports car manufactured by Porsche of Germany for the 1965 through 1969 model years.The 912 is an entry-level variant of the Type 911, one of the most famous and successful sports cars of all time, the 912 is a nimble-handling compact performance 2+2, delivering 90 SAE horsepower at 5800 rpm.
The Porsche 914 or VW-Porsche 914 is a mid-engined sports car designed manufactured and marketed collaboratively by Volkswagen and Porsche from 1969 to 1976.
The Porsche 917 is a sports prototype race car developed by German manufacturer Porsche.
The Porsche 964 is the company's internal name for the Porsche 911 manufactured and sold between 1989 and 1994.
The Porsche 993 is the internal designation for the version of the Porsche 911 model manufactured and sold between January 1994 and early 1998 (model years 1995-1998 in the United States), replacing the 964.
The Porsche 996 is the internal designation for the Porsche 911 model manufactured with first model year 1998 and last 2004.
The Porsche Boxster and Cayman are mid-engined two-seater sports cars built by Porsche.
Preston Thomas Tucker (September 21, 1903 – December 26, 1956) was an American automobile entrepreneur.
In automotive design, an RR, or Rear-engine, Rear-wheel-drive layout places both the engine and drive wheels at the rear of the vehicle.
The Rotax 912 is a naturally aspirated, air- and water-cooled, horizontally opposed four-cylinder, four-stroke, gear reduction-drive engine commonly used on certified aircraft, light sport aircraft, ultralight aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles.
The Rover Company Limited was a British car manufacturing company that operated from its base in Solihull in Warwickshire.
The Santos-Dumont Demoiselle ("Damselfly" or "Damsel") was a series of aircraft built in France by world aviation pioneer Alberto Santos-Dumont.
The straight or inline engine is an internal-combustion engine with all cylinders aligned in one row and having no offset.
The straight-eight engine or inline-eight engine is an eight-cylinder internal combustion engine with all eight cylinders mounted in a straight line along the crankcase.
The straight-six engine or inline-six engine (often abbreviated I6 or L6) is an internal combustion engine with the cylinders mounted in a straight line along the crankcase with all the pistons driving a common crankshaft (straight engine).
(or) is the automobile manufacturing division of Japanese transportation conglomerate Subaru Corporation (formerly known as Fuji Heavy Industries), the twenty-second largest automaker by production worldwide in 2012.
The Subaru 1000 was the first front wheel drive Subaru produced by Fuji Heavy Industries that was in the Japanese government "compact car" classification starting in 1966.
The Subaru Alcyone SVX, also known outside of its home market Japan as the Subaru SVX, is a two-door grand tourer coupé that was sold by Subaru, the automobile manufacturing division of Japanese transportation conglomerate Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI).
The Subaru Baja is an all-wheel-drive, four passenger, four-door, open-bed pickup truck manufactured from 2002 to 2006 by Subaru and marketed for model years 2003 to 2006.
The Subaru BRAT, short for "Bi-drive Recreational All-terrain Transporter", known outside Canada and the United States as the 284 in the United Kingdom, Brumby in Australia, and Shifter, MV, or Targa in other markets, is a light duty, four-wheel drive coupé utility, sold from 1978 to 1994.
The Subaru Forester is a station-wagon based compact crossover SUV manufactured since 1997 by Subaru.
The is a compact family car that has been manufactured since 1992 by Subaru, introduced as a replacement for the Leone, with the predecessor's EA series engines replaced by the new EJ series.
The Subaru Legacy is a mid-size car built by Japanese automobile manufacturer Subaru since 1989.
The Subaru Leone is a compact car produced by the Japanese car manufacturer Subaru from 1971 to 1994.
The Subaru Outback is an automotive nameplate used by the Japanese automaker Subaru for two different vehicles: a Legacy-based station wagon (1994-present), the Outback; and an Impreza-derived hatchback, the Outback Sport (1994-2011).
The Subaru Tribeca is a mid-size crossover SUV made from 2005 to 2014.
Tatra is a Czech vehicle manufacturer in Kopřivnice.
The Tatra T11 was the first Tatra model to use the unique combination of major components that are still in use on the trucks produced by Tatra to this day.
The Tatra 12 is a model of vintage automobile made by Czech manufacturer Tatra.
Tatra 30 is an automobile formerly made by the Czech manufacturer Tatra.
The Tatra 54 was an automobile launched by Tatra in 1931.
Tatra 75 is a Czechoslovak mid-size car that Tatra introduced in 1933 as the successor to the Tatra 54.
The Type 97 is a Czechoslovak mid-size car built by Tatra in Kopřivnice, Moravia from 1936 to 1939.
, usually shortened to Toyota, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.
The Toyota 86 is a series of 2+2 seater sports cars that was jointly developed by Toyota and Subaru and solely manufactured by Subaru.
The Toyota MiniAce was a small utility vehicle built by Toyota from November 1967 until November 1975.
The Toyota Publica is a small car manufactured by the Japanese automaker Toyota from 1961 to 1978.
The Toyota Sports 800 is Toyota Motor Corporation's first production sports car.
The Toyota U family was a series of flat-twin engines produced in the 1960s and 1970s.
The Tucker 48 (named after its model year) is an automobile conceived by Preston Tucker and briefly produced in Chicago in 1948.
A two-stroke (or two-cycle) engine is a type of internal combustion engine which completes a power cycle with two strokes (up and down movements) of the piston during only one crankshaft revolution.
Ultralight aviation (called microlight aviation in some countries) is the flying of lightweight, 1- or 2-seat fixed-wing aircraft.
A V engine, or Vee engine is a common configuration for an internal combustion engine.
A V12 engine is a V engine with 12 cylinders mounted on the crankcase in two banks of six cylinders each, usually but not always at a 60° angle to each other, with all 12 pistons driving a common crankshaft.
A V16 engine is a V engine with 16 cylinders.
Victoria was a bicycle manufacturer in Nürnberg, Germany that made motorcycles from about 1901 until 1966.
Volkswagen, shortened to VW, is a German automaker founded on 28 May 1937 by the German Labour Front under Adolf Hitler and headquartered in Wolfsburg.
The Volkswagen air-cooled engine is an air-cooled boxer engine with four horizontally opposed cast-iron cylinders, cast aluminum alloy cylinder heads and pistons, magnesium crankcase, and forged steel crankshaft and connecting rods.
The Volkswagen Beetle – officially the Volkswagen Type 1, informally in German the Käfer (literally "beetle"), in parts of the English-speaking world the Bug, and known by many other nicknames in other languages – is a two-door, rear-engine economy car, intended for five passengers, that was manufactured and marketed by German automaker Volkswagen (VW) from 1938 until 2003.
The Volkswagen Karmann Ghia is a 2+2 developed for and sold by German automaker Volkswagen between 1955 and 1974.
The SP2 was a sports car developed by Volkswagen do Brasil for that market, from 1972 to 1976.
The Volkswagen Type 2, known officially (depending on body type) as the Transporter, Kombi or Microbus, or, informally, as the Bus (US) or Camper (UK), is a forward control panel van introduced in 1950 by the German automaker Volkswagen as its second car model.
The Volkswagen Type 2 (T3) was the third generation of the Volkswagen Transporter and was marketed under various nameplates worldwide — including the Transporter or Caravelle in Europe, Microbus in South Africa, and Vanagon in North and South America.
The Volkswagen Type 3 is a compact car that was manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen from 1961 to 1973.
The Volkswagen wasserboxer is a four cylinder horizontally opposed pushrod overhead-valve (OHV) petrol engine developed by Volkswagen.
Zündapp (a.k.a. Zuendapp) was a major German motorcycle manufacturer founded in 1917 in Nuremberg by Fritz Neumeyer, together with the Friedrich Krupp AG and the machine tool manufacturer Thiel under the name "Zünder- und Apparatebau G.m.b.H." as a producer of detonators (Zünder- und Apparatebau is German for Igniter and Apparatus).