27 relations: A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Arundhati Roy, Ayodhya, Babri Masjid, Bhupinder Nath Kirpal, Bombay riots, Booker Prize, Chief Justice of India, Contempt of court, Cuttack, Government of Odisha, House of Lords, India, New Delhi, Odisha, Orissa High Court, Patna High Court, Ravenshaw College, Ravenshaw University, Sardar Sarovar Dam, Supreme Court of India, Supreme Court of the United States, United Kingdom, United States, University of Allahabad, Utkal University, V. N. Khare.
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an Indian scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India's civilian space programme and military missile development efforts. He thus came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He also played a pivotal organisational, technical, and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974. Kalam was elected as the 11th President of India in 2002 with the support of both the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party and the then-opposition Indian National Congress. Widely referred to as the "People's President," he returned to his civilian life of education, writing and public service after a single term. He was a recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour. While delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Kalam collapsed and died from an apparent cardiac arrest on 27 July 2015, aged 83. Thousands including national-level dignitaries attended the funeral ceremony held in his hometown of Rameshwaram, where he was buried with full state honours.
Suzanna Arundhati Roy (born 24 November 1961) is an Indian author best known for her novel The God of Small Things (1997), which won the Man Booker Prize for Fiction in 1997 and became the biggest-selling book by a non-expatriate Indian author.
Ayodhya (IAST Ayodhyā), also known as Saketa, is an ancient city of India, believed to be the birthplace of Rama and setting of the epic Ramayana.
The Babri Masjid (translation: Mosque of Babur) was a mosque in Ayodhya, India.
Bhupinder Nath Kirpal (B. N. Kirpal) (born November 8, 1937) was the 31st Chief Justice of India, serving from 6 May 2002 until his retirement on 7 November 2002.
The Bombay Riots usually refers to the riots in Mumbai, in December 1992 and January 1993, in which around 900 people died.
The Man Booker Prize for Fiction (formerly known as the Booker–McConnell Prize and commonly known simply as the Booker Prize) is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original novel written in the English language and published in the UK.
The Chief Justice of India (CJI) is the head of the judiciary of India and the Supreme Court of India.
Contempt of court, often referred to simply as "contempt", is the offense of being disobedient to or discourteous toward a court of law and its officers in the form of behavior that opposes or defies the authority, justice and dignity of the court.
Cuttack is the former capital and the second largest city in the eastern Indian state of Odisha.
The Government of Odisha and its 30 districts consists of an executive, led by the Governor of Odisha, a judiciary, and a legislative branch.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.
Odisha (formerly Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India, located in eastern India.
The Orissa High Court is the High Court of the state of Odisha.
Patna High Court is the High Court of the state of Bihar.
Ravenshaw College (now Ravenshaw University) is located in Cuttack, India.
Ravenshaw University is a co-educational state university situated in Cuttack, Odisha on the eastern coast of India.
The Sardar Sarovar Dam is a gravity dam on the Narmada river near Navagam, Gujarat in India.
The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of Allahabad, informally known as Allahabad University, is a public central university located in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Utkal University also known as Vani Vihar is the oldest university in Odisha and the 17th-oldest university in India located in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
Vishweshwar Nath Khare was the 33rd Chief Justice of India, serving from 19 December 2002 to 2 May 2004.