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In particle physics, the X and Y bosons (sometimes collectively called "X bosons") are hypothetical elementary particles analogous to the W and Z bosons, but corresponding to a new type of force predicted by the Georgi–Glashow model, a grand unified theory. [1]

29 relations: B − L, Baryogenesis, Baryon number, Boson, Branching fraction, Chirality (physics), Down quark, Electron neutrino, Elementary charge, Elementary particle, Gauge boson, Generation (particle physics), Georgi–Glashow model, Grand Unified Theory, Kaon, Lepton, Lepton number, Leptoquark, Neutrino, Oxford University Press, Particle physics, Positron, Proton decay, Quark, Radioactive decay, Speed of light, Up quark, W and Z bosons, W′ and Z′ bosons.

In high energy physics, B − L (pronounced "bee minus ell") is the difference between the baryon number (B) and the lepton number (L).

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In physical cosmology, baryogenesis is the generic term for the hypothetical physical processes that produced an asymmetry (imbalance) between baryons and antibaryons produced in the very early universe.

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In particle physics, the baryon number is a strictly conserved additive quantum number of a system.

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In quantum mechanics, a boson is a particle that follows Bose–Einstein statistics.

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In particle physics and nuclear physics, the branching fraction for a decay is the fraction of particles which decay by an individual decay mode with respect to the total number of particles which decay.

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A chiral phenomenon is one that is not identical to its mirror image (see the article on mathematical chirality).

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The down quark or d quark (symbol: d) is the second-lightest of all quarks, a type of elementary particle, and a major constituent of matter.

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The electron neutrino is a subatomic lepton elementary particle which has no net electric charge.

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The elementary charge, usually denoted as or sometimes, is the electric charge carried by a single proton, or equivalently, the negation (opposite) of the electric charge carried by a single electron.

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In particle physics, an elementary particle or fundamental particle is a particle whose substructure is unknown, thus it is unknown whether it is composed of other particles.

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In particle physics, a gauge boson is a force carrier, a bosonic particle that carries any of the fundamental interactions of nature.

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In particle physics, a generation (or family) is a division of the elementary particles.

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In particle physics, the Georgi–Glashow model is a particular grand unification theory (GUT) proposed by Howard Georgi and Sheldon Glashow in 1974.

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A Grand Unified Theory (GUT) is a model in particle physics in which at high energy, the three gauge interactions of the Standard Model which define the electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions or forces, are merged into one single force.

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In particle physics, a kaon, also called a K meson and denoted,The positively charged kaon used to be called τ+ and θ+, as it was supposed to be two different particles until the 1960s.

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A lepton is an elementary, half-integer spin (spin) particle that does not undergo strong interactions, but is subject to the Pauli exclusion principle.

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In particle physics, the lepton number is the number of leptons minus the number of antileptons.

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Leptoquarks are hypothetical particles that carry information between quarks and leptons of a given generation that allow quarks and leptons to interact.

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A neutrino (or, in Italian) is an electrically neutral elementary particle with half-integer spin.

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Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.

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Particle physics is the branch of physics that studies the nature of the particles that constitute matter (particles with mass) and radiation (massless particles).

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The positron or antielectron is the antiparticle or the antimatter counterpart of the electron.

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In particle physics, proton decay is a hypothetical form of radioactive decay in which the proton decays into lighter subatomic particles, such as a neutral pion and a positron.

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A quark is an elementary particle and a fundamental constituent of matter.

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Radioactive decay, also known as nuclear decay or radioactivity, is the process by which a nucleus of an unstable atom loses energy by emitting radiation.

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The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted, is a universal physical constant important in many areas of physics.

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The up quark or u quark (symbol: u) is the lightest of all quarks, a type of elementary particle, and a major constituent of matter.

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The W and Z bosons (together known as the weak bosons or, less specifically, the intermediate vector bosons) are the elementary particles that mediate the weak interaction; their symbols are,, and.

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In particle physics, W′ and Z′ bosons (or W-prime and Z-prime bosons) refer to hypothetical new gauge bosons that arise from extensions of the electroweak symmetry of the Standard Model.

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Redirects here:

X boson, X-boson, Y boson.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X_and_Y_bosons

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