87 relations: Adolf von Harnack, Agrapha, Aleph, Augustinian hypothesis, Austin Farrer, Bart D. Ehrman, Beatitudes, Bet (letter), Biblical Hebrew, Biblical studies, Burnett Hillman Streeter, Burton L. Mack, Christian Hermann Weisse, Common Sayings Source, De Viris Illustribus (Jerome), Diaspora, Eta Linnemann, Eusebius, F. David Farnell, Farrer hypothesis, Four Evangelists, Four-document hypothesis, Friedrich Schleiermacher, Golden Rule, Gospel, Gospel harmony, Gospel of John, Gospel of Luke, Gospel of Mark, Gospel of Matthew, Gospel of Peter, Gospel of the Hebrews, Gospel of Thomas, Heinrich Julius Holtzmann, Helmut Koester, Herbert Marsh, Historical Jesus, Hypothesis, James Dunn (theologian), James M. Robinson, James R. Edwards, Jerome, Jesus, Jesus Seminar, Jesus: Apocalyptic Prophet of the New Millennium, Johann Jakob Griesbach, Johannes Weiss, John S. Kloppenborg, John Wenham, Koine Greek, ..., L source, List of Gospels, Logia, Lord's Prayer, M Source, Marcan priority, Mark Goodacre, Martin Hengel, Matthew 5, Michael Goulder, Nikephoros I of Constantinople, Oral gospel traditions, Papias of Hierapolis, Parable of the Leaven, Parable of the Lost Sheep, Parable of the talents or minas, Parable of the Wedding Feast, Parable of the Wise and the Foolish Builders, Pierson Parker, Prima facie, Q+/Papias Hypothesis, Rabbi, Robert W. Funk, Rudolf Bultmann, Sermon on the Mount, Sermon on the Plain, Synoptic Gospels, Temptation of Christ, The Birds of Heaven, The blind leading the blind, The Mote and the Beam, The Tree and its Fruits, Three-source hypothesis, Tony Honoré, Two-gospel hypothesis, Two-source hypothesis, Wise old man. Expand index (37 more) » « Shrink index
Carl Gustav Adolf von Harnack (7 May 1851 – 10 June 1930) was a German Lutheran theologian and prominent church historian.
Agrapha (αγραφον; Greek for "non written"; singular agraphon) are sayings of Jesus that are not found in the canonical Gospels.
Aleph (or alef or alif) is the first letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician 'Ālep 𐤀, Hebrew 'Ālef א, Aramaic Ālap 𐡀, Syriac ʾĀlap̄ ܐ, Arabic ا, Urdu ا, and Persian.
The Augustinian hypothesis is a solution to the synoptic problem, which concerns the origin of the Gospels of the New Testament.
Austin Marsden Farrer, FBA (1 October 1904 – 29 December 1968) was an English theologian and philosopher.
Bart Denton Ehrman (born October 5, 1955) is an American New Testament scholar focusing on textual criticism of the New Testament, the historical Jesus, and the development of early Christianity.
The Beatitudes are eight blessings recounted by Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew.
Bet, Beth, Beh, or Vet is the second letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician Bēt, Hebrew Bēt, Aramaic Bēth, Syriac Bēṯ ܒ, and Arabic ب Its sound value is a voiced bilabial stop ⟨b⟩ or a voiced labiodental fricative ⟨v.
Biblical Hebrew (rtl Ivrit Miqra'it or rtl Leshon ha-Miqra), also called Classical Hebrew, is an archaic form of Hebrew, a Canaanite Semitic language spoken by the Israelites in the area known as Israel, roughly west of the Jordan River and east of the Mediterranean Sea.
Biblical studies is the academic application of a set of diverse disciplines to the study of the Bible (the Tanakh and the New Testament).
Burnett Hillman Streeter (17 November 1874 – 10 September 1937) was a British biblical scholar and textual critic.
Burton L. Mack (born 1931) is an American author and scholar of early Christian history and the New Testament.
Christian Hermann Weisse (Weiße in modern German; 10 August 1801 – 19 September 1866) was a German Protestant religious philosopher and professor of philosophy at the University of Leipzig.
The Common Sayings Source is one of many theories that attempts to provide insight into the Synoptic Problem.
De Viris Illustribus (On Illustrious Men) is a collection of short biographies of 135 authors, written in Latin, by the 4th-century Latin Church Father Jerome.
A diaspora (/daɪˈæspərə/) is a scattered population whose origin lies in a separate geographic locale.
Eta Linnemann (October 19, 1926 in Osnabrück – 9 May 2009 in Leer (Ostfriesland)) was a German Protestant theologian.
Eusebius of Caesarea (Εὐσέβιος τῆς Καισαρείας, Eusébios tés Kaisareías; 260/265 – 339/340), also known as Eusebius Pamphili (from the Εὐσέβιος τοῦ Παμϕίλου), was a historian of Christianity, exegete, and Christian polemicist. He became the bishop of Caesarea Maritima about 314 AD. Together with Pamphilus, he was a scholar of the Biblical canon and is regarded as an extremely learned Christian of his time. He wrote Demonstrations of the Gospel, Preparations for the Gospel, and On Discrepancies between the Gospels, studies of the Biblical text. As "Father of Church History" (not to be confused with the title of Church Father), he produced the Ecclesiastical History, On the Life of Pamphilus, the Chronicle and On the Martyrs. During the Council of Antiochia (325) he was excommunicated for subscribing to the heresy of Arius, and thus withdrawn during the First Council of Nicaea where he accepted that the Homoousion referred to the Logos. Never recognized as a Saint, he became counselor of Constantine the Great, and with the bishop of Nicomedia he continued to polemicize against Saint Athanasius of Alexandria, Church Fathers, since he was condemned in the First Council of Tyre in 335.
The Farrer theory (also called the Farrer–Goulder hypothesis and Farrer–Goulder–Goodacre hypothesis) is a possible solution to the synoptic problem.
In Christian tradition, the Four Evangelists are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, the authors attributed with the creation of the four Gospel accounts in the New Testament that bear the following titles: Gospel according to Matthew; Gospel according to Mark; Gospel according to Luke and Gospel according to John.
A four-document hypothesis or four-source hypothesis is an explanation for the relationship between the three Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke.
Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (November 21, 1768 – February 12, 1834) was a German theologian, philosopher, and biblical scholar known for his attempt to reconcile the criticisms of the Enlightenment with traditional Protestant Christianity.
The Golden Rule (which can be considered a law of reciprocity in some religions) is the principle of treating others as one would wish to be treated.
Gospel is the Old English translation of Greek εὐαγγέλιον, evangelion, meaning "good news".
A gospel harmony is an attempt to compile the canonical gospels of the Christian New Testament into a single account.
The Gospel According to John is the fourth of the canonical gospels.
The Gospel According to Luke (Τὸ κατὰ Λουκᾶν εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Loukan evangelion), also called the Gospel of Luke, or simply Luke, is the third of the four canonical Gospels.
The Gospel According to Mark (τὸ κατὰ Μᾶρκον εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Markon euangelion), is one of the four canonical gospels and one of the three synoptic gospels.
The Gospel According to Matthew (translit; also called the Gospel of Matthew or simply, Matthew) is the first book of the New Testament and one of the three synoptic gospels.
The Gospel of Peter (κατά Πέτρον ευαγγέλιον, kata Petrōn euangelion), or Gospel according to Peter, is one of the non-canonical gospels rejected as apocryphal by the Church Fathers and the Catholic Church's synods of Carthage and Rome, which established the New Testament canon.
The Gospel of the Hebrews (τὸ καθ' Ἑβραίους εὐαγγέλιον), or Gospel according to the Hebrews, was a syncretic Jewish–Christian gospel, the text of which is lost; only fragments of it survive as brief quotations by the early Church Fathers and in apocryphal writings.
The Gospel According to Thomas is an early Christian non-canonical sayings gospel that many scholars believe provides insight into the oral gospel traditions.
Heinrich Julius Holtzmann (7 May 1832 – 4 August 1910), German Protestant theologian, son of theologian Karl Julius Holtzmann (1804–1877), was born at Karlsruhe, where his father ultimately became prelate and counsellor to the supreme consistory (Evangelischer Oberkirchenrat) of the Evangelical State Church in Baden.
Helmut Koester (December 18, 1926 – January 1, 2016) was a German-born American scholar of the New Testament and early Christianity at Harvard Divinity School.
Herbert Marsh DD (10 December 1757 – 1 May 1839) was a bishop in the Church of England.
The term historical Jesus refers to attempts to "reconstruct the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth by critical historical methods", in "contrast to Christological definitions ('the dogmatic Christ') and other Christian accounts of Jesus ('the Christ of faith')." It also considers the historical and cultural context in which Jesus lived.
A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon.
James D. G. "Jimmy" Dunn (born 21 October 1939) is a British New Testament scholar who was for many years the Lightfoot Professor of Divinity in the Department of Theology at the University of Durham, now Emeritus Lightfoot Professor.
James McConkey Robinson (June 30, 1924 – March 22, 2016) was an American scholar who served as Professor Emeritus of Religion at Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, California.
James R. Edwards (born 1945) is an American New Testament scholar and minister of the Presbyterian Church.
Jerome (Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus; Εὐσέβιος Σωφρόνιος Ἱερώνυμος; c. 27 March 347 – 30 September 420) was a priest, confessor, theologian, and historian.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
The Jesus Seminar was a group of about 50 critical Biblical scholars and 100 laymen founded in 1985 by Robert Funk that originated under the auspices of the Westar Institute.
Jesus: Apocalyptic Prophet of the New Millennium is a 1999 book by leading New Testament scholar Bart D. Ehrman.
Johann Jakob Griesbach (4 January 1745 – 24 March 1812), German biblical textual critic, was born at Butzbach, a small town in the state of Hesse-Darmstadt, where his father, Konrad Kaspar (1705–1777), was pastor.
Johannes Weiss (December 13, 1863 – August 24, 1914) was a German Protestant theologian and Biblical exegete.
John S. Kloppenborg (born 1951) is a Canadian professor of religion who has authored numerous books and articles based on New Testament scholarship.
John William Wenham (1913 – 13 February 1996) was an Anglican Bible scholar, who devoted his professional life to academic and pastoral work.
In historical-critical analysis, the L source is an inferred oral tradition which Luke used when composing his gospel.
A gospel (a contraction of Old English god spel meaning "good news/glad tidings (of the kingdom of God)", comparable to Greek εὐαγγέλιον, evangelion) is a written account of the career and teachings of Jesus.
The term logia (λόγια), plural of logion (λόγιον), is used variously in ancient writings and modern scholarship in reference to communications of divine origin.
The Lord's Prayer (also called the Our Father, Pater Noster, or the Model Prayer) is a venerated Christian prayer which, according to the New Testament, Jesus taught as the way to pray: Two versions of this prayer are recorded in the gospels: a longer form within the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew, and a shorter form in the Gospel of Luke when "one of his disciples said to him, 'Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.'" Lutheran theologian Harold Buls suggested that both were original, the Matthaen version spoken by Jesus early in his ministry in Galilee, and the Lucan version one year later, "very likely in Judea".
M Source, which is sometimes referred to as M document, or simply M, comes from the M in "Matthean material".
Marcan priority, the hypothesis that the Gospel of Mark was the first-written of the three Synoptic Gospels and was used as a source by the other two (Matthew and Luke) is a central element in discussion of the synoptic problem – the question of the documentary relationship among these three Gospels.
Mark Goodacre (born 1967 in Leicestershire, England) is a New Testament scholar and Professor at Duke University's Department of Religion.
Martin Hengel (14 December 1926 – 2 July 2009) was a German historian of religion, focusing on the "Second Temple Period" or "Hellenistic Period" of early Judaism and Christianity.
Matthew 5 is the fifth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament.
Michael Douglas Goulder (31 May 1927 – 6 January 2010) was a British Biblical scholar who spent most of his academic life at the University of Birmingham where he retired as Professor of Biblical Studies in 1994.
Oral gospel traditions, cultural information passed on from one generation to the next by word of mouth, were the first stage in the formation of the written gospels.
Papias (Παπίας) was a Greek Apostolic Father, Bishop of Hierapolis (modern Pamukkale, Turkey), and author who lived c. 60–130 AD.
The Parable of the Leaven (also called the Parable of the yeast) is one of the shortest parables of Jesus.
The Parable of the Lost Sheep is one of the parables of Jesus.
The Parable of the Talents (also the Parable of the Minas) is one of the parables of Jesus, which appears in two of the synoptic, canonical gospels of the New Testament.
The Parable of the Wedding Feast is one of the parables of Jesus and appears in the New Testament in Luke 14:7-14.
The Parable of the Wise and the Foolish Builders, (also known as the House on the Rock), appears in Matthew and Luke.
Pierson Parker was professor of New Testament at the General Theological Seminary during the 1960s.
Prima facie is a Latin expression meaning on its first encounter or at first sight.
Advanced by Dennis R. MacDonald, the Q+/Papias Hypothesis (Q+/PapH) offers an alternative solution to the synoptic problem.
In Judaism, a rabbi is a teacher of Torah.
Robert W. Funk (July 18, 1926 – September 3, 2005) was an American biblical scholar, founder of the Jesus Seminar and the nonprofit Westar Institute in Santa Rosa, California.
Rudolf Karl Bultmann (20 August 1884 – 30 July 1976) was a German Lutheran theologian and professor of New Testament at the University of Marburg.
The Sermon on the Mount (anglicized from the Matthean Vulgate Latin section title: Sermo in monte) is a collection of sayings and teachings of Jesus, which emphasizes his moral teaching found in the Gospel of Matthew (chapters 5, 6, and 7).
In Christianity, the Sermon on the Plain refers to a set of teachings by Jesus in the Gospel of Luke, in 6:17–49.
The gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke are referred to as the Synoptic Gospels because they include many of the same stories, often in a similar sequence and in similar or sometimes identical wording.
The temptation of Christ is detailed in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke.
The Birds of Heaven (also referred to as The Flowers of the Field or The Lilies of the Field) is a discourse given by Jesus as recorded in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke in the New Testament.
"The blind leading the blind" is an idiom and a metaphor in the form of a parallel phrase, it is used to describe a situation where a person who knows nothing is getting advice and help from another person who knows almost nothing.
The Mote and the Beam is a parable of Jesus given in the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew, chapter 7, verses.
The Parable of the Tree and its Fruits (also called the Trees and their Fruits) is a parable of Jesus about testing a prophet.
The three-source hypothesis is a candidate solution to the synoptic problem.
Anthony Maurice (Tony) Honoré (born 30 March 1921) is a British lawyer and jurist, known for his work on ownership, causation and Roman law.
The two-gospel hypothesis is that the Gospel of Matthew was written before the Gospel of Luke, and that both were written earlier than the Gospel of Mark.
The two-source hypothesis (or 2SH) is an explanation for the synoptic problem, the pattern of similarities and differences between the three Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke.
The wise old man (also called senex, '''sage''' or '''sophos''') is an archetype as described by Carl Jung, as well as a classic literary figure, and may be seen as a stock character.
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