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The Q source (also Q document, Q Gospel, Q Sayings Gospel, or Q from Quelle, meaning "source") is a hypothetical written collection of Jesus's sayings (logia). [1]

84 relations: Adolf von Harnack, Agrapha, Aleph, Augustinian hypothesis, Austin Farrer, Bart D. Ehrman, Beatitudes, Bet (letter), Biblical Hebrew, Biblical studies, Burnett Hillman Streeter, Burton L. Mack, Christian Hermann Weisse, Church Fathers, Common Sayings Source, De Viris Illustribus (Jerome), Diaspora, Early Christianity, Eta Linnemann, Eusebius, F. David Farnell, Farrer hypothesis, Four Evangelists, Friedrich Schleiermacher, Golden Rule, Gospel, Gospel harmony, Gospel of John, Gospel of Luke, Gospel of Mark, Gospel of Matthew, Gospel of Peter, Gospel of the Hebrews, Gospel of Thomas, Heinrich Julius Holtzmann, Helmut Koester, Herbert Marsh, Historical Jesus, Hypothesis, James Dunn (theologian), James M. Robinson, James R. Edwards, Jesus, Jesus Seminar, Jesus: Apocalyptic Prophet of the New Millennium, Johannes Weiss, John S. Kloppenborg, John Wenham, Koine Greek, L source, ..., List of Gospels, Logia, Lord's Prayer, M-Source, Marcan priority, Mark Goodacre, Martin Hengel, Matthew 5, Michael Goulder, Nikephoros I of Constantinople, Oral gospel traditions, Papias of Hierapolis, Parable of the Leaven, Parable of the Lost Sheep, Parable of the talents or minas, Parable of the Wedding Feast, Parable of the Wise and the Foolish Builders, Pierson Parker, Prima facie, Rabbi, Robert W. Funk, Rudolf Bultmann, Sermon on the Mount, Sermon on the Plain, Synoptic Gospels, Temptation of Christ, The Birds of Heaven, The blind leading the blind, The Mote and the Beam, The Tree and its Fruits, Tony Honoré, Two-gospel hypothesis, Two-source hypothesis, Wise old man. Expand index (34 more) »

Adolf von Harnack

Carl Gustav Adolf von Harnack (7 May 1851 – 10 June 1930) was a German Lutheran theologian and prominent church historian.

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Agrapha (αγραφον; Greek for "non written"; singular agraphon) are sayings of Jesus that are not found in the canonical Gospels.

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Aleph is the first letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician 'Ālep, Hebrew 'Ālef א, Aramaic Ālap, Syriac ʾĀlap̄ ܐ, and Arabic ا. The Phoenician letter is derived from an Egyptian hieroglyph depicting an ox's head and gave rise to the Greek Alpha (Α), being re-interpreted to express not the glottal consonant but the accompanying vowel, and hence the Latin A and Cyrillic А. In phonetics, aleph originally represented the glottal stop, often transliterated as, based on the Greek spiritus lenis ʼ, for example, in the transliteration of the letter name itself,.

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Augustinian hypothesis

The Augustinian hypothesis is a solution to the synoptic problem, which concerns the origin of the Gospels of the New Testament.

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Austin Farrer

Austin Marsden Farrer (1 October 1904 – 29 December 1968) was an English theologian and philosopher.

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Bart D. Ehrman

Bart D. Ehrman (born October 5, 1955) is an American New Testament scholar, currently the James A. Gray Distinguished Professor of Religious Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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The Beatitudes are eight blessings in the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew.

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Bet (letter)

Bet, Beth, Beh, or Vet is the second letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician Bēt, Hebrew Bēt ב, Aramaic Bēth, Syriac Bēṯ ܒ, and Arabic ب Its sound value is a Voiced bilabial stop ⟨b⟩ or a Voiced labiodental fricative ⟨v⟩.

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Biblical Hebrew

Biblical Hebrew, also called Classical Hebrew, is the archaic form of the Hebrew language, a Canaanite Semitic language spoken by the Israelites in the area known as Israel, roughly west of the Jordan River and east of the Mediterranean Sea.

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Biblical studies

Biblical studies is the academic application of a set of diverse disciplines to the study of the Jewish and Christian scriptures, the Bible.

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Burnett Hillman Streeter

Burnett Hillman Streeter (17 November 1874 – 10 September 1937) was a British biblical scholar and textual critic.

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Burton L. Mack

Burton L. Mack is an author and scholar of early Christian history and the New Testament.

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Christian Hermann Weisse

Christian Hermann Weisse (also Weiße; 10 August 1801 – 19 September 1866), was a German Protestant religious philosopher.

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Church Fathers

The Church Fathers, Early Church Fathers, Christian Fathers, or Fathers of the Church are ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, some of whom were eminent teachers and great bishops.

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Common Sayings Source

The Common Sayings Source is one of many theories that attempts to provide insight into the Synoptic Problem.

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De Viris Illustribus (Jerome)

De Viris Illustribus (On Illustrious Men) is a collection of short biographies of 135 authors, written in Latin, by the 4th-century Latin Church Father Jerome.

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A diaspora (from Greek διασπορά, "scattering, dispersion") is a scattered population whose origin lies within a smaller geographic locale.

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Early Christianity

Early Christianity is the period of Christianity preceding the First Council of Nicaea in 325.

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Eta Linnemann

Eta Linnemann (October 19, 1926 Osnabrück - 9 May 2009 Leer (Ostfriesland)) was a German Protestant theologian.

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Eusebius of Caesarea (Εὐσέβιος, Eusébios; 260/265 – 339/340), also known as Eusebius Pamphili, was a Roman historian, exegete, and Christian polemicist of Greek descent.

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F. David Farnell


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Farrer hypothesis

The Farrer theory (also called the Farrer–Goulder hypothesis and Farrer–Goulder–Goodacre hypothesis) is a possible solution to the synoptic problem.

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Four Evangelists

In Christian tradition, the Four Evangelists are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, the authors attributed with the creation of the four Gospel accounts in the New Testament that bear the following titles: Gospel according to Matthew; Gospel according to Mark; Gospel according to Luke and Gospel according to John.

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Friedrich Schleiermacher

Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (November 21, 1768 – February 12, 1834) was a German theologian, philosopher, and biblical scholar known for his attempt to reconcile the criticisms of the Enlightenment with traditional Protestant Christianity.

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Golden Rule

The Golden Rule or ethic of reciprocity is a maxim, This dictionary of philosophy contains the following exact quote under the entry for "golden rule": "The maxim 'Treat others how you wish to be treated'.

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A gospel is an account describing the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth.

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Gospel harmony

A Gospel harmony is an attempt to compile the Christian canonical gospels into a single account.

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Gospel of John

The Gospel According to John (also referred to as the Gospel of John, the Fourth Gospel, or simply John; Τὸ κατὰ Ἰωάννην εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Ioannen euangelion) is one of the four canonical gospels in the Christian Bible.

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Gospel of Luke

The Gospel According to Luke (Τὸ κατὰ Λουκᾶν εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Loukan euangelion), commonly shortened to the Gospel of Luke or simply Luke, is the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels.

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Gospel of Mark

The Gospel According to Mark (τὸ κατὰ Μᾶρκον εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Markon euangelion), the second book of the New Testament, is one of the four canonical gospels and the three synoptic gospels.

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Gospel of Matthew

The Gospel According to Matthew (κατὰ Ματθαῖον εὐαγγέλιον, kata Matthaion euangelion, τὸ εὐαγγέλιον κατὰ Ματθαῖον, to euangelion kata Matthaion) (Gospel of Matthew or simply Matthew) is one of the four canonical gospels, one of the three synoptic gospels, and the first book of the New Testament.

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Gospel of Peter

The Gospel of Peter (κατά Πέτρον ευαγγέλιον, kata Petrōn euangelion), or Gospel according to Peter, is one of the non-canonical gospels rejected as apocryphal by the Church Fathers and the Catholic Church's synods of Carthage and Rome, which established the New Testament canon.

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Gospel of the Hebrews

The Gospel of the Hebrews (τὸ καθ' Ἑβραίους εὐαγγέλιον), or Gospel according to the Hebrews, was a syncretic Jewish–Christian gospel which survives only as brief quotations by the early Church Fathers which preserve fragments of the original text.

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Gospel of Thomas

The Gospel According to Thomas, (or the Gospel of Thomas), is an early Christian non-canonical sayings-gospel that many scholars believe provides insight into the oral gospel traditions.

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Heinrich Julius Holtzmann

Heinrich Julius Holtzmann (7 May 1832 – 4 August 1910), German Protestant theologian, son of Karl Julius Holtzmann (1804–1877), was born at Karlsruhe, where his father ultimately became prelate and counsellor to the supreme consistory (Evangelischer Oberkirchenrat) of the Evangelical State Church in Baden.

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Helmut Koester

Helmut Koester (born 1926, Hamburg) is a German-born American scholar of the New Testament and early Christianity at Harvard Divinity School.

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Herbert Marsh

Herbert Marsh (10 December 1757– 1 May 1839) was a bishop in the Church of England.

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Historical Jesus

The term "historical Jesus" refers to attempts to "reconstruct the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth by critical historical methods", in "contrast to Christological definitions ('the dogmatic Christ') and other Christian accounts of Jesus ('the Christ of faith')".

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A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon.

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James Dunn (theologian)

James D. G. "Jimmy" Dunn FBA (born 21 October 1939) is a British New Testament scholar who was for many years the Lightfoot Professor of Divinity in the Department of Theology at the University of Durham, now Emeritus Lightfoot Professor.

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James M. Robinson

James McConkey Robinson (born June 30, 1924) is Professor Emeritus of Religion, Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, California.

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James R. Edwards

James R. Edwards is an American New Testament scholar and minister of the Presbyterian Church.

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Jesus (Ἰησοῦς; 7–2 BC to AD 30–33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, is the central figure of Christianity, whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God.

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Jesus Seminar

The Jesus Seminar was a group of about 150 critical scholars and laymen founded in 1985 by Robert Funk under the auspices of the Westar Institute.

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Jesus: Apocalyptic Prophet of the New Millennium

Jesus: Apocalyptic Prophet of the New Millennium is a 1999 book by leading New Testament scholar Bart D. Ehrman.

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Johannes Weiss

Johannes Weiss (December 13, 1863 – August 24, 1914) was a German Protestant theologian and Biblical exegete.

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John S. Kloppenborg

John S. Kloppenborg is a Canadian professor of religion who has authored numerous books and articles based on New Testament scholarship.

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John Wenham

John William Wenham (1913 – 13 February 1996) was an Anglican Bible scholar, who devoted his professional life to academic and pastoral work.

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Koine Greek

Koine Greek (UK English, US English, or; in Merriam-Webster from Koine Greek ἡ κοινὴ διάλεκτος, "the common dialect"), also known as Alexandrian dialect, common Attic or Hellenistic Greek (Modern Greek Ελληνιστική Κοινή, "Hellenistic Koiné", in the sense of "Hellenistic supraregional language"), was the common supra-regional form of Greek spoken and written during Hellenistic and Roman antiquity.

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L source

In historical-critical analysis, the L source is an inferred oral tradition that Luke used when composing his gospel.

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List of Gospels

Gospels are a genre of Early Christian literature claiming to recount the life of Jesus, to preserve his teachings, or to reveal aspects of God's nature.

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The term "logia" (λόγια), plural of "logion" (λόγιον), is used variously in ancient writings and modern scholarship in reference to communications of divine origin.

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Lord's Prayer

The Lord's Prayer, also called the Our Father and the Pater Noster, is a venerated Christian prayer that, according to the New Testament, was taught by Jesus to his disciples.

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M-source, which is sometimes referred to as M document, or simply M, comes from the M in "Matthean material".

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Marcan priority

Marcan priority is the hypothesis that the Gospel of Mark was the first-written of the three Synoptic Gospels and was used as a source by the other two, Matthew and Luke.

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Mark Goodacre

Mark Goodacre (born 1967 in Leicestershire, England) is a New Testament scholar and Professor at Duke University's Department of Religion.

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Martin Hengel

Martin Hengel (14 December 1926 – 2 July 2009) was a German historian of religion, focusing on the "Second Temple Period" or "Hellenistic Period" of early Judaism and Christianity.

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Matthew 5

Matthew 5 is the fifth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament.

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Michael Goulder

Michael Douglas Goulder (31 May 1927 – 6 January 2010) was a British Biblical scholar who spent most of his academic life at the University of Birmingham where he retired as Professor of Biblical Studies in 1994.

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Nikephoros I of Constantinople


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Oral gospel traditions

Oral gospel traditions, cultural information passed on from one generation to the next by word of mouth, were the first stage in the formation of the written gospels.

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Papias of Hierapolis

Papias (Παπίας) was an Apostolic Father, Bishop of Hierapolis (modern Pamukkale, Turkey), and author who lived circa 70-163 AD.

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Parable of the Leaven

The Parable of the Leaven (also called the Parable of the yeast) is one of the shorter parables of Jesus.

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Parable of the Lost Sheep

The Parable of the Lost Sheep is one of the parables of Jesus.

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Parable of the talents or minas

The Parable of the Talents (also the Parable of the Minas and the Parable of the Pounds), is one of the parables of Jesus, which appear in two of the canonical gospels of the New Testament; a thematically variant parable appears in the non-canonical Gospel of the Hebrews.

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Parable of the Wedding Feast

The Parable of the Wedding Feast is one of the parables of Jesus and appears in the New Testament in Luke 14:7-14.

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Parable of the Wise and the Foolish Builders

The Parable of the Wise and the Foolish Builders, (also known as the House on the Rock), appears in two of the Canonical gospels of the New Testament.

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Pierson Parker

Pierson Parker was professor of New Testament at the General Theological Seminary during the 1960s.

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Prima facie

Prima facie (or; from prīmā faciē) is a Latin expression meaning on its first encounter or at first sight.

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In Judaism, a rabbi is a teacher of Torah.

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Robert W. Funk

Robert W. Funk (July 18, 1926 – September 3, 2005), was an American biblical scholar, founder of the controversial Jesus Seminar and the nonprofit Westar Institute in Santa Rosa, California.

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Rudolf Bultmann

Rudolf Karl Bultmann (20 August 1884 – 30 July 1976) was a German Lutheran theologian and professor of New Testament at the University of Marburg.

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Sermon on the Mount

The Sermon on the Mount (anglicized from the Matthean Vulgate Latin section title: Sermo in monte) is a collection of sayings and teachings of Jesus, which emphasizes his moral teaching found in the Gospel of Matthew (chapters 5, 6 and 7).

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Sermon on the Plain

In Christianity, the Sermon on the Plain refers to a set of teachings by Jesus in the Gospel of Luke, in 6:17–49.

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Synoptic Gospels

The gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke are referred to as the Synoptic Gospels because they include many of the same stories, often in a similar sequence and in similar wording.

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Temptation of Christ

The temptation of Christ is detailed in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke.

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The Birds of Heaven

The Birds of Heaven (also referred to as The Flowers of the Field or The Lilies of the Field) is an important discourse given by Jesus as recorded in the New Testament books of (Matthew and Luke).

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The blind leading the blind

"The blind leading the blind" is a metaphor used in antiquity,Joel B. Green,, Eerdmans, 1997, ISBN 0-8028-2315-7, p. 278.

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The Mote and the Beam

The Mote and the Beam (also called discourse on judgmentalism) is a proverbial saying of Jesus given in the Sermon on the Mount.

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The Tree and its Fruits

The Parable of the Tree and its Fruits (also called the Trees and their Fruits) is a parable of Jesus about testing a prophet.

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Tony Honoré

Anthony Maurice (Tony) Honoré (born March 30, 1921) is a British lawyer and jurist, known for his work on ownership, causation and Roman law.

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Two-gospel hypothesis

The two-gospel hypothesis is that the Gospel of Matthew was written before the Gospel of Luke, and that both were written earlier than the Gospel of Mark.

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Two-source hypothesis

The Two-source hypothesis (or 2SH) is an explanation for the synoptic problem, the pattern of similarities and differences between the three Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke.

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Wise old man

The wise old man (also called senex, '''sage''' or '''sophos''') is an archetype as described by Carl Jung, as well as a classic literary figure, and may be seen as a stock character.

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Document Q, Jesus' sayings according to the Christian Bible, Q (source), Q Document, Q Gospel, Q Manuscript, Q Sayings Gospel, Q document, Q gospel, Q text, Q-source, Quelle (Bible), Quelle Document, Quelle document, The Book of Q.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Q_source

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