38 relations: Akiba Rubinstein, Alex Yermolinsky, Alexander Shabalov, Alexei Shirov, Alexey Dreev, Anatoly Karpov, Arnold Denker, Arthur Bisguier, Bishop (chess), Castling, Chess opening, Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, Ernst Grünfeld, Fianchetto, Garry Kasparov, Grandmaster (chess), Initiative (chess), Junior (chess), Klaus Junge, Knight (chess), Levon Aronian, Max Romih, Merano, Mikhail Botvinnik, New In Chess, Outpost (chess), Pawn (chess), Pin (chess), Queen's Gambit, Queen's Gambit Declined, Queen's Gambit Declined, Cambridge Springs Defense, Rudolf Spielmann, Slav Defense, Tata Steel Chess Tournament, Tempo (chess), Viswanathan Anand, Vladimir Kramnik, World Chess Championship 2008.
Akiba Kiwelowicz Rubinstein (1 December 1880 – 14 March 1961) was a Polish chess grandmaster who is considered to have been one of the strongest players never to have become World Chess Champion.
Alex Yermolinsky (Алексей Ермолинский, Aleksey Yermolinskiy; born April 11, 1958 in Leningrad) is an American chess grandmaster.
Alexander Shabalov (Александр Анатольевич Шабалов, Aleksandr Anatolyevich Shabalov; Aleksandrs Šabalovs; born September 12, 1967) is an American chess grandmaster and a four-time winner of the United States Chess Championship (1993, 2000, 2003, 2007).
Alexei Shirov (Aleksejs Širovs;; born 4 July 1972) is a Latvian and Spanish chess grandmaster.
Alexey Dreev (Алексей Дреев; born 30 January 1969) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
Arnold Sheldon Denker (February 20, 1914 – January 2, 2005) was an American chess player, Grandmaster, and chess author.
Arthur Bernard Bisguier (October 8, 1929April 5, 2017) was an American chess grandmaster, chess promoter, and writer.
A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.
Castling is a move in the game of chess involving a player's king and either of the player's original rooks.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess.
---- Ernst Franz Grünfeld (November 21, 1893 – April 3, 1962) was a leading Austrian chess grandmaster and chess writer, mainly on opening theory.
In chess, the fianchetto ("little flank") is a pattern of development wherein a bishop is developed to the second rank of the adjacent knight file, the knight pawn having been moved one or two squares forward.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
Initiative in a chess position belongs to the player who can make threats that cannot be ignored.
Junior is a computer chess program written by the Israeli programmers Amir Ban and Shay Bushinsky.
Klaus Junge (1 January 1924 at Concepción, Chile – 17 April 1945, at Welle, Germany) was one of the youngest German chess masters.
The knight (♘ ♞) is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armored cavalry).
Levon Grigori Aronian (Լևոն Գրիգորի Արոնյան Levon Grigori Aronyan; born 6 October 1982) is an Armenian chess Grandmaster.
Massimiliano (Massimo) Romi né Max Romih (Maksim Romić) (22 May 1893 – 24 April 1979) was an Italian chess master.
Merano or Meran is a town and comune in South Tyrol, northern Italy.
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.
New In Chess (NIC) is a chess magazine that appears eight times a year with chief editors International Grandmaster Jan Timman and Dirk Jan ten Geuzendam.
An outpost is a square on the fourth, fifth, sixth, or seventh which is protected by a pawn and which cannot be attacked by an opponent's pawn.
The pawn (♙,♟) is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest.
In chess, a pin is a situation brought on by an attacking piece in which a defending piece cannot move without exposing a more valuable defending piece on its other side to capture by the attacking piece.
The Queen's Gambit is a chess opening that starts with the moves: The Queen's Gambit is one of the oldest known chess openings.
The Queen's Gambit Declined (or QGD) is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit: This is known as the Orthodox Line of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
In chess, the Cambridge Springs Defense (or less commonly, the Pillsbury Variation) is a variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined that begins with the moves: Black breaks the pin on the h4–d8 diagonal and forms a pin of his own on the c3-knight (exploiting the absence of the White's queen bishop from the). If Black later plays dxc4, there may be threats against the g5-bishop.
Rudolf Spielmann (5 May 1883 – 20 August 1942) was an Austrian-Jewish chess player of the romantic school, and chess writer.
The Slav Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Slav is one of the primary defenses to the Queen's Gambit.
The Tata Steel Chess Tournament is an annual chess tournament held in January in Wijk aan Zee, the Netherlands.
In chess and other chess-like games, tempo is a "turn" or single move.
Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, and the current World Rapid Chess Champion.
Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
The World Chess Championship 2008 was a best-of-twelve-games match between the incumbent World Chess Champion, Viswanathan Anand, and the previous World Champion, Vladimir Kramnik.