116 relations: Akiba Rubinstein, Alexander Alekhine, Alexander Konstantinopolsky, Alexander Kotov, Amos Burn, Andor Lilienthal, Andrija Fuderer, Arnold Denker, Aron Nimzowitsch, Arpad Elo, Arthur Dake, Bell's Life in London, Bogdan Śliwa, Boris Kostić, Boris Verlinsky, Borislav Milić, Candidates Tournament, Carl Schlechter, Carlos Torre Repetto, Chess, Chess problem, Chess prodigy, ChessBase, Communism, Comparison of top chess players throughout history, Conel Hugh O'Donel Alexander, David Bronstein, Dawid Janowski, Dragoljub Minić, Edward Winter (chess historian), Eero Böök, Efim Bogoljubov, Elmārs Zemgalis, Elo rating system, Emanuel Lasker, Enrico Paoli, Erik Lundin, Ernst Grünfeld, Esteban Canal, FIDE, FIDE titles, François-André Danican Philidor, Frank Marshall (chess player), Friedrich Sämisch, Géza Maróczy, George Koltanowski, Gideon Ståhlberg, Grigory Levenfish, Harry Golombek, Igor Bondarevsky, ..., International Arbiter, International Correspondence Chess Federation, International Correspondence Chess Grandmaster, Interzonal, Isaac Boleslavsky, Jacques Mieses, Jaroslav Šajtar, Jonathan Penrose, José Raúl Capablanca, Julio Bolbochán, Karoly Honfi, László Szabó (chess player), List of chess grandmasters, List of chess players, List of grandmasters for chess composition, Lodewijk Prins, Maia Chiburdanidze, Mario Monticelli, Max Euwe, Miguel Najdorf, Mikhail Botvinnik, Mikhail Chigorin, Milan Vidmar, Nicholas II of Russia, Nigel Short, Nona Gaprindashvili, Norm (chess), Oldřich Duras, Ossip Bernstein, Ostend 1907 chess tournament, Oxford University Press, Paul Keres, Raúl Sanguineti, Reuben Fine, Rudolf Spielmann, Rudolf Teschner, Salo Flohr, Samuel Reshevsky, San Sebastián chess tournament, Savielly Tartakower, Siegbert Tarrasch, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Soviet Union, St. Petersburg 1914 chess tournament, Stojan Puc, Susan Polgar, Svetozar Gligorić, Tel Aviv, The New Yorker, The Oxford Companion to Chess, Theodor Ghițescu, USSR Chess Championship, Vasily Smyslov, Viacheslav Ragozin, Vladas Mikėnas, Vladimir Alatortsev, Vladimir Makogonov, Wiesbaden, Wilhelm Steinitz, William Lewis (chess player), Women's World Chess Championship, World Chess Championship, World Junior Chess Championship, World Senior Chess Championship, World War II, 19th Chess Olympiad. Expand index (66 more) » « Shrink index
Akiba Kiwelowicz Rubinstein (1 December 1880 – 14 March 1961) was a Polish chess grandmaster who is considered to have been one of the strongest players never to have become World Chess Champion.
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Alexander Markovich Konstantinopolsky (Александр Маркович Константинопольский; 19 February 1910, Zhytomir, Russian Empire, now Ukraine – 21 September 1990, Moscow, USSR) was a Soviet International Master (IM) of chess, chess coach and trainer, and a chess author.
Alexander Alexandrovich Kotov (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Ко́тов; – 8 January 1981) was a Soviet chess grandmaster and author.
Amos Burn (1848–1925) was an English chess player, one of the world's leading players at the end of the 19th century, and a chess writer.
Andor (André, Andre, Andrei) Arnoldovich LilienthalReuben Fine, The World's Great Chess Games, Dover Publications, 1983, p. 216.
Andrija Fuderer (13 May 1931, Subotica, the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Yugoslavia – 2 October 2011, Palamós, Catalonia) was a Croatian–Belgian chess master.
Arnold Sheldon Denker (February 20, 1914 – January 2, 2005) was an American chess player, Grandmaster, and chess author.
Aron Nimzowitsch (Ārons Nimcovičs, Аро́н Иса́евич Нимцо́вич, Aron Isayevich Nimtsovich; born Aron Niemzowitsch; 7 November 1886 – 16 March 1935) was a Russian-born, Danish leading chess grandmaster and influential chess writer.
Arpad Emmerich Elo (born Árpád Imre Élő; August 25, 1903 – November 5, 1992) was the creator of the Elo rating system for two-player games such as chess.
Arthur Dake (Darkowski) (8 April 1910 – 28 April 2000) was an American chess master.
Bell's Life in London, and Sporting Chronicle was an English weekly sporting paper published as a pink broadsheet between 1822 and 1886.
Bogdan Śliwa (4 February 1922 in Kraków – 16 May 2003) was a Polish chess master.
Borislav Kostić (aka Boris or Bora Kostic, Kostitsch; 24 February 1887 – 3 November 1963) was a Serbian chess grandmaster and a noted popularizer of the game.
Boris Markovich Verlinsky (8 January 1888 in Bakhmut, Ukraine – 30 October 1950 in Moscow, Soviet Union) was a Ukrainian-Russian International Master of chess.
Borislav Milić (Cyrillic Борислав Милић) (20 October 1925 – 28 May 1986) was a Yugoslav Grandmaster of chess, and a chess writer, organizer, promoter, and administrator.
The Candidates Tournament is a chess tournament organized by FIDE, chess' international governing body, since 1950, as the final contest to determine the challenger for the World Chess Championship.
Carl Schlechter (2 March 1874 – 27 December 1918) was a leading Austrian chess master and theoretician at the turn of the 20th century.
Carlos Jesús Torre Repetto (29 November 1904Hooper/Whyld, Gaige say 1905. in Mérida, Yucatán – 19 March 1978 in Mérida, Yucatán) was a chess grandmaster from Mexico.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
A chess problem, also called a chess composition, is a puzzle set by somebody using chess pieces on a chess board, that presents the solver with a particular task to be achieved.
Chess prodigies are children who can beat experienced adult players and even Masters at chess.
ChessBase GmbH is a German company that markets chess software, maintains a chess news site, and operates servers for online chess.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
This article presents a number of methodologies that have been suggested for the task of comparing the greatest chess players in history.
Conel Hugh O'Donel Alexander (19 April 1909 – 15 February 1974), known as Hugh Alexander and C. H. O'D.
David Ionovich Bronstein (Дави́д Ио́нович Бронште́йн; February 19, 1924 – December 5, 2006) was a Soviet chess grandmaster, who narrowly missed becoming World Chess Champion in 1951.
Dawid Markelowicz Janowski (25 May 1868 – 15 January 1927; often spelled David) was a leading Polish chess master and subsequent French citizen.
Dragoljub Minić (April 5, 1936 in Podgorica, Zeta Banovina, Kingdom of Yugoslavia – c. April 5, 2005 in Novi Sad, Serbia and Montenegro) was a Yugoslav Grandmaster of chess.
Edward Winter (born 1955) is an English chess journalist, archivist, historian, collector and author.
Eero Einar Böök (9 February 1910 – 7 January 1990) was a Finnish chess player and engineer.
Efim Dmitriyevich Bogolyubov (also Romanized Bogoljubov, Bogoljubow; April 14, 1889 – June 18, 1952) was a Russian-born German chess grandmaster who won numerous events and played two matches against Alexander Alekhine for the world championship.
Elmārs Zemgalis (9 September 1923 – 8 December 2014), was a Latvian-American chess master and mathematics professor.
The Elo rating system is a method for calculating the relative skill levels of players in zero-sum games such as chess.
Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).
Enrico Paoli (January 13, 1908 – December 15, 2005) was an Italian International chess master.
Erik Ruben Lundin (Stockholm 2 July 1904, – Stockholm 5 December 1988) was a Swedish chess master.
---- Ernst Franz Grünfeld (November 21, 1893 – April 3, 1962) was a leading Austrian chess grandmaster and chess writer, mainly on opening theory.
Esteban Canal (April 19, 1896 – February 14, 1981) was a leading Peruvian chess player who had his best tournament results in the 1920s and 1930s.
The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.
The World Chess Federation, FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), awards several performance-based titles to chess players, up to and including the highly prized Grandmaster title.
François-André Danican Philidor (September 7, 1726 – August 31, 1795), often referred to as André Danican Philidor during his lifetime, was a French composer and chess player.
Frank James Marshall (August 10, 1877 – November 9, 1944) was the U.S. Chess Champion from 1909 to 1936, and one of the world's strongest chess players in the early part of the 20th century.
Friedrich Sämisch (September 20, 1896, Charlottenburg – August 16, 1975, Berlin) was a German chess Grandmaster (1950).
Géza Maróczy (3 March 1870 – 29 May 1951) was a Hungarian chess master, one of the leading players in the world in his time.
George Koltanowski (also "Georges"; 17 September 1903 – 5 February 2000) was a Belgian-born American chess player, promoter, and writer.
Anders Gideon Tom Ståhlberg (or Stahlberg) (26 January 1908, Surte near Gothenburg – 26 May 1967, Leningrad) was a Swedish chess grandmaster.
Grigory Yakovlevich Levenfish (Григо́рий Я́ковлевич Левенфи́ш; in Piotrków – 9 February 1961 in Moscow) was a Russian chess grandmaster who scored his peak competitive results in the 1920s and 1930s.
Harry Golombek OBE (1 March 1911 – 7 January 1995), was a British chess grandmaster, chess arbiter, chess author, and wartime codebreaker.
Igor Zakharovich Bondarevsky (Игорь Захарович Бондаревский) (May 12, 1913 in Rostov-on-the-Don, Russia – June 14, 1979 in Pyatigorsk, Soviet Union) was a Soviet Russian chess Grandmaster in both over-the-board and correspondence chess, an International Arbiter, trainer, and chess author.
In chess, International Arbiter is a title awarded by FIDE to individuals deemed capable of acting as arbiter in important chess matches.
International Correspondence Chess Federation (ICCF) was founded in 1951 as a new appearance of the International Correspondence Chess Association (ICCA), which was founded in 1945, as successor of the Internationaler Fernschachbund (IFSB), founded in 1928.
International Correspondence Chess Grandmaster is a correspondence chess title created by FIDE in 1953, second only to that of world correspondence champion.
Interzonal chess tournaments were tournaments organized by the World Chess Federation FIDE from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Isaac Yefremovich Boleslavsky (Ісаак Єфремович Болеславський, Исаак Ефремович Болеславский; June 9, 1919 in Zolotonosha, Ukraine – February 15, 1977 in Minsk) was a Soviet chess grandmaster.
Jacques Mieses (born Jakob Mieses; 27 February 1865 – 23 February 1954) was a German-born chess Grandmaster and writer.
Jaroslav Šajtar (December 3, 1921 – February 4, 2003) was a Czech chess master and an honorary grandmaster, born in Ostrava.
Jonathan Penrose, OBE (born 7 October 1933, in Colchester) is an English chess Grandmaster and International Correspondence Chess Grandmaster (1983) who won the British Chess Championship ten times between 1958 and 1969.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Julio Bolbochán (Buenos Aires, 20 March 1920 – Caracas, 28 June 1996) was the Argentine chess champion in 1946 and 1948.
Karoly Honfi (October 25, 1930 in Budapest, Hungary—August 14, 1996 in Budapest, Hungary) was a Hungarian chess International master.
László Szabó (March 19, 1917 – August 8, 1998) was a Hungarian grandmaster of chess.
This is a list of chess grandmasters.
This list of chess players includes people who are primarily known as chess players and have an article on the English Wikipedia.
This article gives three lists.
Lodewijk Prins (27 January 1913, Amsterdam – 11 November 1999) was a Dutch chess player and referee of chess competitions.
Maia Chiburdanidze (მაია ჩიბურდანიძე; born 17 January 1961) is a Georgian chess grandmaster, and the seventh Women's World Chess Champion, the youngest one until 2010, when this record was broken by Hou Yifan.
Mario Monticelli (16 March 1902, Venice – 30 June 1995, Milan) was an Italian chess player.
Machgielis "Max" Euwe, PhD (May 20, 1901 – November 26, 1981) was a Dutch chess Grandmaster, mathematician, author, and chess administrator.
Miguel Najdorf (born Mojsze Mendel Najdorf) (15 April 1910 – 4 July 1997) was a Polish-Argentine chess grandmaster.
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.
Mikhail Ivanovich Chigorin (also Tchigorin; Михаи́л Ива́нович Чиго́рин; –) was a leading Russian chess player.
Milan Vidmar (22 June 1885 – 9 October 1962) was a Slovene electrical engineer, chess Grandmaster, chess theorist, chess arbiter, philosopher, and writer.
Nicholas II or Nikolai II (r; 1868 – 17 July 1918), known as Saint Nicholas II of Russia in the Russian Orthodox Church, was the last Emperor of Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917.
Nigel David Short (born 1 June 1965) is an English chess grandmaster, chess columnist, chess coach and chess commentator.
Nona Gaprindashvili (ნონა გაფრინდაშვილი; born 3 May 1941) is a Georgian chess player, the sixth women's world chess champion (1962–1978), and first female Grandmaster.
A norm in chess is a high level of performance in a chess tournament.
Oldřich Duras (also Důras; 30 October 1882, Pchery, Bohemia, then Austria-Hungary – 5 January 1957, Prague, then Czechoslovakia) was a leading Czech chess master of the early 20th century.
Ossip Samoilovich Bernstein (20 September 1882 – 30 November 1962) was a Russian-French chess grandmaster and a financial lawyer.
The tournament was divided into two sections: the Championship Tournament and the Masters' Tournament.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Paul Keres (January 7, 1916June 5, 1975) was an Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer.
Raúl Carlos Sanguineti (Paraná, 2 February 1933 – Buenos Aires, 6 August 2000) was an Argentine chess Grandmaster.
Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was an American chess grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.
Rudolf Spielmann (5 May 1883 – 20 August 1942) was an Austrian-Jewish chess player of the romantic school, and chess writer.
Rudolf Teschner (16 February 1922, Potsdam – 23 July 2006, Berlin-Steglitz) was a German chess master and writer.
Salomon Mikhailovich Flohr (November 21, 1908 – July 18, 1983) was a leading Czech chess grandmaster of the mid-20th century, who became a national hero in Czechoslovakia during the 1930s.
Samuel Herman Reshevsky (born Szmul Rzeszewski; November 26, 1911 – April 4, 1992) was a Polish chess prodigy and later a leading American chess grandmaster.
There were two important chess tournaments in San Sebastián, Spain, in 1911 and 1912.
Ksawery Tartakower (also known as Saviely or Savielly Tartakower in English, less often Xavier Tartacover or Xavier Tartakover; 1887–1956) was a leading Polish and French chess grandmaster.
Siegbert Tarrasch (5 March 1862 – 17 February 1934) was one of the strongest chess players and most influential chess teachers of the late 19th and early 20th century.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was a socialist state led by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Stojan Puc (9 April 1921 – 29 January 2004) was a Slovenian chess master.
Susan Polgar (born April 19, 1969, as Polgár Zsuzsanna and often known as Zsuzsa Polgár) is a Hungarian-born American chess Grandmaster.
Svetozar Gligorić (Serbian Cyrillic: Светозар Глигорић, 2 February 1923 – 14 August 2012) was a Serbian and Yugoslav chess grandmaster.
Tel Aviv (תֵּל אָבִיב,, تل أَبيب) is the second most populous city in Israel – after Jerusalem – and the most populous city in the conurbation of Gush Dan, Israel's largest metropolitan area.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld.
Theodor Ghițescu (24 January 1934 - 22 November 2008) was a Romanian chess player.
The USSR Chess Championship was played from 1921 to 1991.
Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov (Василий Васильевич Смыслов; 24 March 1921 – 27 March 2010) was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.
Viacheslav Vasilyevich Ragozin (Вячесла́в Васи́льевич Раго́зин, 8 October 1908 – 11 March 1962) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster, an International Arbiter of chess, and a World Correspondence Chess Champion.
Vladas Mikėnas (17 April 1910 – 3 November 1992) was a Lithuanian International Master of chess, an Honorary Grandmaster, and a journalist.
Vladimir Alexeyevich Alatortsev (Влади́мир Алексе́евич Ала́торцев, pronounced "a LAH tart sev") (May 14, 1909 in Turki, Saratov oblast, Russian Empire – January 13, 1987 in Moscow, Soviet Union), was a Russian chess grandmaster, organizer, teacher, author, and administrator.
Vladimir Andreevich Makogonov (Влади́мир Андре́евич Макого́нов, August 27, 1904 – January 2, 1993) was a chess player from Azerbaijan.
Wiesbaden is a city in central western Germany and the capital of the federal state of Hesse.
Wilhelm (later William) Steinitz (May 17, 1836 – August 12, 1900) was an Austrian and later American chess master, and the first undisputed World Chess Champion, from 1886 to 1894.
William Lewis (1787–1870) was an English chess player and author, nowadays best known for the Lewis Countergambit and for being the first player ever to be described as a Grandmaster of the game.
The Women's World Chess Championship (WWCC) is played to determine the women's world champion in chess.
The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.
The World Junior Chess Championship is an under-20 chess tournament (players must have been under 20 years old on 1 January in the year of competition) organized by the World Chess Federation (FIDE).
The World Senior Chess Championship is an annual chess tournament established in 1991 by FIDE, the World Chess Federation.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The 19th Chess Olympiad, comprising an open team tournament as well as the annual FIDE congress, took place between September 5 and 27, 1970, in Siegen, West Germany.
Chess Grand Master, Chess Grandmaster, Chess grandmaster, Grandmaster (Chess), Grandmaster chess, Grandmasters without the title, International Grandmaster, International grandmaster, Super GM, Super Grandmaster.