Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Androidâ„¢ device!
Install
Faster access than browser!
 

B − L

+ Save concept

In high energy physics, B − L (pronounced "bee minus ell") is the difference between the baryon number (B) and the lepton number (L). [1]

26 relations: Baryogenesis, Baryon number, Chiral anomaly, Circle group, Conservation law, Gauge boson, Gauge theory, Global symmetry, Grand Unified Theory, Gravitational anomaly, Leptogenesis (physics), Lepton number, Leptoquark, Majoron, Neutrino, Particle physics, Pion, Positron, Proton, Proton decay, Quantum number, Seesaw mechanism, Spontaneous symmetry breaking, Weak hypercharge, X (charge), X and Y bosons.

Baryogenesis

In physical cosmology, baryogenesis is the hypothetical physical process that took place during the early universe that produced baryonic asymmetry, i.e. the imbalance of matter (baryons) and antimatter (antibaryons) in the observed universe.

New!!: B − L and Baryogenesis · See more »

Baryon number

In particle physics, the baryon number is a strictly conserved additive quantum number of a system.

New!!: B − L and Baryon number · See more »

Chiral anomaly

In physics, a chiral anomaly is the anomalous nonconservation of a chiral current.

New!!: B − L and Chiral anomaly · See more »

Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

New!!: B − L and Christmas · See more »

Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

New!!: B − L and Christmas and holiday season · See more »

Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

New!!: B − L and Christmas Eve · See more »

Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

New!!: B − L and Christmas traditions · See more »

Circle group

In mathematics, the circle group, denoted by T, is the multiplicative group of all complex numbers with absolute value 1, that is, the unit circle in the complex plane or simply the unit complex numbers The circle group forms a subgroup of C×, the multiplicative group of all nonzero complex numbers.

New!!: B − L and Circle group · See more »

Conservation law

In physics, a conservation law states that a particular measurable property of an isolated physical system does not change as the system evolves over time.

New!!: B − L and Conservation law · See more »

Gauge boson

In particle physics, a gauge boson is a force carrier, a bosonic particle that carries any of the fundamental interactions of nature, commonly called forces.

New!!: B − L and Gauge boson · See more »

Gauge theory

In physics, a gauge theory is a type of field theory in which the Lagrangian is invariant under certain Lie groups of local transformations.

New!!: B − L and Gauge theory · See more »

Global symmetry

In physics, a global symmetry is a symmetry that holds at all points in the spacetime under consideration, as opposed to a local symmetry which varies from point to point.

New!!: B − L and Global symmetry · See more »

Grand Unified Theory

A Grand Unified Theory (GUT) is a model in particle physics in which, at high energy, the three gauge interactions of the Standard Model which define the electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions, or forces, are merged into one single force.

New!!: B − L and Grand Unified Theory · See more »

Gravitational anomaly

In theoretical physics, a gravitational anomaly is an example of a gauge anomaly: it is an effect of quantum mechanics–usually a one-loop diagram—that invalidates the general covariance of a theory of general relativity combined with some other fields.

New!!: B − L and Gravitational anomaly · See more »

Leptogenesis (physics)

In physical cosmology, leptogenesis is the generic term for hypothetical physical processes that produced an asymmetry between leptons and antileptons in the very early universe, resulting in the present-day dominance of leptons over antileptons.

New!!: B − L and Leptogenesis (physics) · See more »

Lepton number

In particle physics, lepton number (historically also called lepton charge) is a conserved quantum number representing the difference between the number of leptons and the number of antileptons in an elementary particle reaction.

New!!: B − L and Lepton number · See more »

Leptoquark

Leptoquarks are hypothetical particles that carry information between quarks and leptons of a given generation that allow quarks and leptons to interact.

New!!: B − L and Leptoquark · See more »

Majoron

In particle physics, majorons (named after Ettore Majorana) are a hypothetical type of Goldstone boson that are theorized to mediate the neutrino mass violation of lepton number or ''B'' − ''L'' in certain high energy collisions such as Where two electrons collide to form two W bosons and the majoron J. The U(1)B–L symmetry is assumed to be global so that the majoron is not "eaten up" by the gauge boson and spontaneously broken.

New!!: B − L and Majoron · See more »

Neutrino

A neutrino (denoted by the Greek letter ν) is a fermion (an elementary particle with half-integer spin) that interacts only via the weak subatomic force and gravity.

New!!: B − L and Neutrino · See more »

New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

New!!: B − L and New Year · See more »

New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

New!!: B − L and New Year's Day · See more »

New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

New!!: B − L and New Year's Eve · See more »

Particle physics

Particle physics (also high energy physics) is the branch of physics that studies the nature of the particles that constitute matter and radiation.

New!!: B − L and Particle physics · See more »

Pion

In particle physics, a pion (or a pi meson, denoted with the Greek letter pi) is any of three subatomic particles:,, and.

New!!: B − L and Pion · See more »

Positron

The positron or antielectron is the antiparticle or the antimatter counterpart of the electron.

New!!: B − L and Positron · See more »

Proton

| magnetic_moment.

New!!: B − L and Proton · See more »

Proton decay

In particle physics, proton decay is a hypothetical form of radioactive decay in which the proton decays into lighter subatomic particles, such as a neutral pion and a positron.

New!!: B − L and Proton decay · See more »

Quantum number

Quantum numbers describe values of conserved quantities in the dynamics of a quantum system.

New!!: B − L and Quantum number · See more »

Seesaw mechanism

In the theory of grand unification of particle physics, and, in particular, in theories of neutrino masses and neutrino oscillation, the seesaw mechanism is a generic model used to understand the relative sizes of observed neutrino masses, of the order of eV, compared to those of quarks and charged leptons, which are millions of times heavier.

New!!: B − L and Seesaw mechanism · See more »

Spontaneous symmetry breaking

Spontaneous symmetry breaking is a spontaneous process of symmetry breaking, by which a physical system in a symmetric state ends up in an asymmetric state.

New!!: B − L and Spontaneous symmetry breaking · See more »

Weak hypercharge

In the Standard Model of electroweak interactions of particle physics, the weak hypercharge is a quantum number relating the electric charge and the third component of weak isospin.

New!!: B − L and Weak hypercharge · See more »

X (charge)

In particle physics, the X-charge (or simply X) is a conserved quantum number associated with the SO(10) grand unification theory.

New!!: B − L and X (charge) · See more »

X and Y bosons

In particle physics, the X and Y bosons (sometimes collectively called "X bosons") are hypothetical elementary particles analogous to the W and Z bosons, but corresponding to a new type of force predicted by the Georgi–Glashow model, a grand unified theory.

New!!: B − L and X and Y bosons · See more »

2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

New!!: B − L and 2018 · See more »

2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

New!!: B − L and 2019 · See more »

Redirects here:

B - L, B-L, B−L.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B_−_L

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »