41 relations: Africa, Annual plant, Ayurveda, Bell pepper, Berry (botany), Black Pearl pepper, Capsaicin, Capsicum, Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum, Capsicum frutescens, Capsinoids, Carl Linnaeus, Cayenne pepper, Chili pepper, Chili powder, Cinchona, Cultivar group, Diphtheria, Fairfax New Zealand, Flatulence, Gargling, Gout, Guajillo chili, Indigestion, Jalapeño, John Lindley, Latin, List of Capsicum cultivars, New Mexico chile, North America, Otitis media, Paprika, Paralysis, Perennial plant, Phthorimaea operculella, Rasa (theology), Scarlet fever, Scoville scale, South America, United States National Arboretum, Variety (botany).
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
An annual plant is a plant that completes its life cycle, from germination to the production of seeds, within one year, and then dies.
Ayurveda is a system of medicine with historical roots in the Indian subcontinent.
The bell pepper (also known as sweet pepper, pepper or capsicum) is a cultivar group of the species Capsicum annuum.
In botany, a berry is a fleshy fruit without a stone produced from a single flower containing one ovary.
Black Pearl pepper is a cultivar of Capsicum annuum.
Capsaicin ((INN); 8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide) is an active component of chili peppers, which are plants belonging to the genus Capsicum.
Capsicum (also known as peppers) is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae.
Capsicum annuum var.
Capsicum frutescens is a species of chili pepper that is sometimes considered to be part of the species Capsicum annuum.
Capsinoids, which include capsiate, dihydrocapsiate, and nordihydrocapsiate, are substances naturally present in chili peppers.
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.
The cayenne pepper is a type of Capsicum annuum.
The chili pepper (also chile pepper, chilli pepper, or simply chilli) from Nahuatl chīlli) is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae. They are widely used in many cuisines to add spiciness to dishes. The substances that give chili peppers their intensity when ingested or applied topically are capsaicin and related compounds known as capsaicinoids. Chili peppers originated in Mexico. After the Columbian Exchange, many cultivars of chili pepper spread across the world, used for both food and traditional medicine. Worldwide in 2014, 32.3 million tonnes of green chili peppers and 3.8 million tonnes of dried chili peppers were produced. China is the world's largest producer of green chillies, providing half of the global total.
Chili powder (also powdered chili, chile powder or chilli powder) is the dried, pulverized fruit of one or more varieties of chili pepper, sometimes with the addition of other spices (also sometimes known as chili powder blend).
Cinchona is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae containing at least 23 species of trees and shrubs.
A Group (previously cultivar-groupInternational Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, 4th edition (1969), 5th edition (1980) and 6th edition (1995)) is a formal category in the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP) used for cultivated plants that share a defined characteristic.
Diphtheria is an infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae.
Stuff Limited, named Fairfax New Zealand Limited until 1 February 2018, is a media company operating in New Zealand, and is subsidiary of Australia's Fairfax Media.
Flatulence is defined in the medical literature as "flatus expelled through the anus" or the "quality or state of being flatulent", which is defined in turn as "marked by or affected with gases generated in the intestine or stomach; likely to cause digestive flatulence".
Gargling (same root as 'gurgle') is the act of bubbling liquid in the mouth.
Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis characterized by recurrent attacks of a red, tender, hot, and swollen joint.
A guajillo chili or guajillo chile (chile guajillo in Spanish) is the dried form of mirasol chili, a variety of chile pepper of the species Capsicum annuum which is widely used in the cuisine of Mexico.
Indigestion, also known as dyspepsia, is a condition of impaired digestion.
The jalapeño is a medium-sized chili pepper pod type cultivar of the species Capsicum annuum.
John Lindley FRS (5 February 1799 – 1 November 1865) was an English botanist, gardener and orchidologist.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
This is a list of Capsicum cultivars belonging to the five major species of cultivated peppers (genus Capsicum): C. annuum, C. chinense, C. baccatum, C. frutescens, and C. pubescens. Due to the large and changing number of cultivars, and the variation of cultivar namings in different regions, this list only gives a few examples of the estimated 50,000 pepper varieties that exist.
New Mexico chile or New Mexican chile (chile de Nuevo México, chile del norte) is a group of cultivars of the chile pepper from the US State of New Mexico, first grown by Pueblo and Hispano communities throughout Santa Fe de Nuevo México, the modern peppers were developed by pioneer horticulturist Fabián Garcia at New Mexico State University in 1894, then known as the New Mexico College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
Otitis media is a group of inflammatory diseases of the middle ear.
Paprika (US English more commonly, British English more commonly) is a ground spice made from dried red fruits of the larger and sweeter varieties of the plant Capsicum annuum, called bell pepper or sweet pepper.
Paralysis is a loss of muscle function for one or more muscles.
A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives more than two years.
Phthorimaea operculella, also known as the potato tuber moth or tobacco splitworm, is a moth of the family Gelechiidae.
Rasa (IAST) refers to the creation and reception of a distinct 'flavor' or quality of something.
Scarlet fever is a disease which can occur as a result of a group A ''streptococcus'' (group A strep) infection.
The Scoville scale is a measurement of the pungency (spiciness/heat of pepper) of chili peppers, or other spicy foods, as reported in Scoville Heat Units (SHU), a function of capsaicin concentration.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
The United States National Arboretum is an arboretum in Washington, D.C., operated by the United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service as a division of the Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center.
In botanical nomenclature, variety (abbreviated var.; in varietas) is a taxonomic rank below that of species and subspecies but above that of form.
Capsicum abyssinicum, Capsicum angulosum, Capsicum annum, Capsicum axi, Capsicum bauhinii, Capsicum caerulescens, Capsicum cerasiforme, Capsicum ceratocarpum, Capsicum cereolum, Capsicum comarim, Capsicum conoide, Mississippi sport pepper, Sport peppers, Ñora.