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Independent Subway System

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The Independent Subway System (IND or ISS), formerly known as the Independent City-Owned Subway System (ICOS) or the Independent City-Owned Rapid Transit Railroad, was a rapid transit rail system in New York City that is now part of the New York City Subway. [1]

213 relations: A (New York City Subway service), Acronym, American Society of Civil Engineers, Ancestry.com, Archer Avenue Lines, Arnines, Astoria, Queens, Atlantic Avenue (New York City), Atlantic Branch, B (New York City Subway service), B Division (New York City Subway), Bay Ridge–95th Street (BMT Fourth Avenue Line), Bayside, Queens, Beach 25th Street (IND Rockaway Line), Bedford Avenue, Bedford Park Boulevard (IND Concourse Line), Bergen Street (IND Culver Line), BMT Astoria Line, BMT Canarsie Line, BMT Fourth Avenue Line, BMT Jamaica Line, BMT Sea Beach Line, BMT West End Line, Bowery, Brighton Beach (BMT Brighton Line), Broadway (Brooklyn), Broadway (Manhattan), Broadway Junction (New York City Subway), Broadway–Lafayette Street/Bleecker Street (New York City Subway), Brooklyn, Brooklyn Borough Hall, Brooklyn Eagle, Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation, C (New York City Subway service), Chambers Street–World Trade Center/Park Place (New York City Subway), Chewing gum, Chrystie Street Connection, Church Avenue (IND Culver Line), Concrete, Coney Island, Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (New York City Subway), Court Square–23rd Street (New York City Subway), D (New York City Subway service), Ditmas Avenue (IND Culver Line), E (New York City Subway service), East Broadway (IND Sixth Avenue Line), East New York, Brooklyn, East River, Eighth Avenue (Manhattan), Elmhurst Avenue (IND Queens Boulevard Line), ..., Essex Street, Euclid Avenue (IND Fulton Street Line), F (New York City Subway service), Far Rockaway–Mott Avenue (IND Rockaway Line), Federal Aviation Administration, Federal Transit Administration, First Avenue (Manhattan), Flatlands Avenue, Floyd Bennett Field, Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, Flushing, Queens, Forest Hills–71st Avenue (IND Queens Boulevard Line), Fulton Street (Manhattan), Fulton Street Line (elevated), Fultonhistory.com, G (New York City Subway service), Gowanus Canal, Gowanus, Brooklyn, Grand Concourse (Bronx), Grant Avenue (IND Fulton Street Line), Great Depression, Great Depression in the United States, Greenpoint and Roosevelt Avenues, Harlem River, Henry Hudson Parkway, HH (Court Street Shuttle), High Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line), Houston Street, Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets (IND Lines), Hunters Point Avenue (IRT Flushing Line), IND Concourse Line, IND Crosstown Line, IND Culver Line, IND Eighth Avenue Line, IND Fulton Street Line, IND Queens Boulevard Line, IND Rockaway Line, IND Sixth Avenue Line, IND World's Fair Line, Interborough Rapid Transit Company, Interstate 678, Inwood–207th Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line), IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, IRT Dyre Avenue Line, IRT Eastern Parkway Line, IRT Flushing Line, IRT Jerome Avenue Line, IRT Lenox Avenue Line, IRT Lexington Avenue Line, IRT New Lots Line, IRT Ninth Avenue Line, IRT Pelham Line, IRT Second Avenue Line, IRT Sixth Avenue Line, IRT Third Avenue Line, IRT White Plains Road Line, Jackson Heights, Queens, Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street (New York City Subway), Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer (Archer Avenue Lines), Jamaica–179th Street (IND Queens Boulevard Line), Jamaica–Van Wyck (IND Archer Avenue Line), Jay Street–MetroTech (New York City Subway), John Francis Hylan, K (Eighth Avenue Local), Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike (IND Queens Boulevard Line), Kings Highway (IND Culver Line), Kissena Boulevard, List of New York City Subway yards, Lower Manhattan, M (New York City Subway service), Main Street (Queens), Manhattan, Manhattan Bridge, Metropolitan Transportation Authority, N (New York City Subway service), Nassau Avenue (IND Crosstown Line), New York City, New York City Subway, New York City Transit Authority, New York Post, New York State Department of Transportation, New York State Route 25A, New York Transit Museum, New York, Westchester and Boston Railway, Norwood–205th Street (IND Concourse Line), Nostrand Avenue, Ozone Park–Lefferts Boulevard (IND Fulton Street Line), Parsons Boulevard (IND Queens Boulevard Line), Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, Program for Action, Proposed expansion of the New York City Subway, Q (New York City Subway service), Queens, Queens Boulevard, R (New York City Subway service), R1 (New York City Subway car), R10 (New York City Subway car), R160 (New York City Subway car), R32/A (New York City Subway car), R4 (New York City Subway car), R42 (New York City Subway car), R46 (New York City Subway car), R6 (New York City Subway car), R68 (New York City Subway car), R68A (New York City Subway car), R7/A (New York City Subway car), R9 (New York City Subway car), Rapid transit, Rapid transit operations of the BRT and BMT, Red Hook, Brooklyn, Road, Rockaway Avenue (IND Fulton Street Line), Rockaway Boulevard (IND Fulton Street Line), Rockaway Park Shuttle, Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street (IND Rockaway Line), Second Avenue Subway, Short turn, Sixth Avenue, Smith–Ninth Streets (IND Culver Line), St. Nicholas Avenue, Staten Island Tunnel, Steel, The Bronx, The New York Times, Third Avenue, Times Square–42nd Street/Port Authority Bus Terminal (New York City Subway), Turnstile, United States Department of Transportation, United States dollar, Upper East Side, Utica Avenue, Utica Avenue (IND Fulton Street Line), V (New York City Subway service), Vandalism, Wall Street Crash of 1929, Wave of Long Island, West Fourth Street–Washington Square (IND Lines), William O'Dwyer, Williamsburg Bridge, World War II, Yonkers, New York, 103rd Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line), 125th Street (Manhattan), 145th Street (IND Lines), 161st Street (Bronx), 163rd Street–Amsterdam Avenue (IND Eighth Avenue Line), 168th Street (BMT Jamaica Line), 168th Street (New York City Subway), 169th Street (IND Queens Boulevard Line), 1939 New York World's Fair, 23rd Street (IND Sixth Avenue Line), 34th Street–Herald Square (New York City Subway), 47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center (IND Sixth Avenue Line), 50th Street (IND Lines), 57th Street (IND Sixth Avenue Line), 60th Street Tunnel, 60th Street Tunnel Connection, 63rd Street Lines, 63rd Street Tunnel, 67th Avenue (IND Queens Boulevard Line), 72nd Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line), 81st Street–Museum of Natural History (IND Eighth Avenue Line), 96th Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line). Expand index (163 more) »

A (New York City Subway service)

The A Eighth Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway.

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Acronym

An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually individual letters (as in NATO or laser) and sometimes syllables (as in Benelux).

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American Society of Civil Engineers

The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) is a tax-exempt professional body founded in 1852 to represent members of the civil engineering profession worldwide.

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Ancestry.com

Ancestry.com LLC is a privately held online company based in Lehi, Utah.

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Archer Avenue Lines

The Archer Avenue Lines are two rapid transit lines of the New York City Subway, mostly running under Archer Avenue in the Jamaica neighborhood of Queens.

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Arnines

The Arnines (R9s) were the 1,703 similar New York City Subway cars built between 1930 and 1940 for the Independent Subway System.

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Astoria, Queens

Astoria is a middle-class and commercial neighborhood in the New York City borough of Queens, bounded by the East River and is adjacent to three other Queens neighborhoods: Long Island City, Sunnyside (bordering at Northern Boulevard), and Woodside (bordering at 50th Street).

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Atlantic Avenue (New York City)

Atlantic Avenue is an important street in the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens.

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Atlantic Branch

The Atlantic Branch is an electrified rail line owned and operated by the Long Island Rail Road in the U.S. state of New York.

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B (New York City Subway service)

The B Sixth Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway.

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B Division (New York City Subway)

The New York City Subway's B Division consists of the lines that operate with lettered services (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, J, L, M, N, Q, R, W, and Z), as well as the Franklin Avenue and Rockaway Park Shuttles.

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Bay Ridge–95th Street (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)

Bay Ridge–95th Street (originally 95th Street–Fort Hamilton) is the southern terminal station on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway.

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Bayside, Queens

Bayside is an upper-middle class neighborhood in the New York City borough of Queens.

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Beach 25th Street (IND Rockaway Line)

Beach 25th Street, signed as Beach 25th Street–Wavecrest, is a station on the IND Rockaway Line of the New York City Subway, located in Queens on the Rockaway Freeway at Beach 25th Street.

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Bedford Avenue

Crossing Parkside Avenue in northern Flatbush Bedford Avenue is the longest street in Brooklyn, New York City, stretching and 132 blocks from Manhattan Avenue in Greenpoint south to Emmons Avenue in Sheepshead Bay, and passing through the neighborhoods of Williamsburg, Bedford-Stuyvesant, Crown Heights, Flatbush, Midwood, Marine Park, and Sheepshead Bay.

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Bedford Park Boulevard (IND Concourse Line)

Bedford Park Boulevard is an express station on the IND Concourse Line of the New York City Subway.

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Bergen Street (IND Culver Line)

Bergen Street is a bi-level station on the IND Culver Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of Bergen Street and Smith Street on the border of Cobble Hill and Boerum Hill in Brooklyn.

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BMT Astoria Line

The BMT Astoria Line, formerly the IRT Astoria Line, is a rapid transit line of the B Division of the New York City Subway, serving the Queens neighborhood of Astoria.

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BMT Canarsie Line

The Canarsie Line (sometimes referred to as the 14th Street–Eastern Line) is a rapid transit line of the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) Division of the New York City Subway system, named after its terminus in the Canarsie neighborhood of Brooklyn.

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BMT Fourth Avenue Line

The BMT Fourth Avenue Line is a rapid transit line of the New York City Subway, mainly running under Fourth Avenue in Brooklyn.

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BMT Jamaica Line

The Jamaica Line (also known as the Broadway Line or Broadway (Brooklyn) Line) is an elevated rapid transit line of the B Division of the New York City Subway, in Brooklyn and Queens, New York City, United States.

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BMT Sea Beach Line

The BMT Sea Beach Line is a rapid transit line of the BMT division of the New York City Subway, connecting the BMT Fourth Avenue Line at 59th Street via a four-track wide open cut to Coney Island in Brooklyn.

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BMT West End Line

The BMT West End Line is a line of the New York City Subway, serving the Brooklyn communities of Sunset Park, Borough Park, New Utrecht, Bensonhurst, Bath Beach and Coney Island.

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Bowery

The Bowery is a street and neighborhood in the southern portion of the New York City borough of Manhattan.

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Brighton Beach (BMT Brighton Line)

Brighton Beach is an elevated express/terminal station on the BMT Brighton Line of the New York City Subway.

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Broadway (Brooklyn)

Broadway is an avenue in the New York City borough of Brooklyn that extends from the East River in the neighborhood of Williamsburg in a southeasterly direction to East New York for a length of.

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Broadway (Manhattan)

Broadway is a road in the U.S. state of New York.

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Broadway Junction (New York City Subway)

Broadway Junction is a New York City Subway station complex shared by the elevated BMT Canarsie Line and BMT Jamaica Line, and the underground IND Fulton Street Line.

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Broadway–Lafayette Street/Bleecker Street (New York City Subway)

Broadway–Lafayette Street/Bleecker Street is a New York City Subway station complex in the NoHo district of Manhattan on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line and the IND Sixth Avenue Line.

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Brooklyn

Brooklyn is the most populous borough of New York City, with a census-estimated 2,648,771 residents in 2017.

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Brooklyn Borough Hall

Brooklyn Borough Hall was designed by architects Calvin Pollard and Gamaliel King in the Greek Revival style, and constructed of Tuckahoe marble under the supervision of superintendent Stephen Haynes.

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Brooklyn Eagle

The Brooklyn Eagle, originally The Brooklyn Eagle, and Kings County Democrat, was a daily newspaper published in the city and later borough of Brooklyn, in New York City, for 114 years from 1841 to 1955.

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Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation

The Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) was an urban transit holding company, based in Brooklyn, New York City, United States, and incorporated in 1923.

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C (New York City Subway service)

The C Eighth Avenue Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway.

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Chambers Street–World Trade Center/Park Place (New York City Subway)

Chambers Street–World Trade Center/Park Place is a New York City Subway station complex on the IND Eighth Avenue Line and IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line.

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Chewing gum

Chewing gum is a soft, cohesive substance designed to be chewed without being swallowed.

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Chrystie Street Connection

The Chrystie Street Connection is a New York City Subway junction running the length of Chrystie Street on the Lower East Side of Manhattan.

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Church Avenue (IND Culver Line)

Church Avenue is an express station on the IND Culver Line of the New York City Subway.

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Concrete

Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.

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Coney Island

Coney Island is a peninsular residential neighborhood, beach, and leisure/entertainment destination of Long Island on the Coney Island Channel, which is part of the Lower Bay in the southwestern part of the borough of Brooklyn in New York City.

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Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (New York City Subway)

Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (also known as Coney Island Terminal and signed on some trains as either Coney Island or Stillwell Avenue) is a New York City Subway terminal in Coney Island, Brooklyn, acting as the railroad-south terminus for the D, F, N, and Q trains.

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Court Square–23rd Street (New York City Subway)

Court Square–23rd Street is a New York City Subway station complex on the IND Crosstown Line, the IRT Flushing Line and the IND Queens Boulevard Line.

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D (New York City Subway service)

The D Sixth Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway.

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Ditmas Avenue (IND Culver Line)

Ditmas Avenue is a local station on the IND Culver Line of the New York City Subway.

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E (New York City Subway service)

The E Eighth Avenue Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway.

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East Broadway (IND Sixth Avenue Line)

East Broadway is a station on the IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway.

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East New York, Brooklyn

East New York is a residential neighborhood in the eastern section of the borough of Brooklyn in New York City, United States.

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East River

The East River is a salt water tidal estuary in New York City.

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Eighth Avenue (Manhattan)

Eighth Avenue is a major north-south avenue on the west side of Manhattan in New York City, carrying northbound traffic below 59th Street.

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Elmhurst Avenue (IND Queens Boulevard Line)

Elmhurst Avenue is a local station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway.

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Essex Street

Essex Street is a north-south street on the Lower East Side of the New York City borough of Manhattan.

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Euclid Avenue (IND Fulton Street Line)

Euclid Avenue is an express station on the IND Fulton Street Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of Euclid and Pitkin Avenues in East New York, Brooklyn.

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F (New York City Subway service)

The F Queens Boulevard Express/Sixth Avenue Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway.

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Far Rockaway–Mott Avenue (IND Rockaway Line)

Far Rockaway–Mott Avenue is the eastern terminal station on the New York City Subway's IND Rockaway Line.

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Federal Aviation Administration

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.

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Federal Transit Administration

The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) is an agency within the United States Department of Transportation (DOT) that provides financial and technical assistance to local public transportation systems.

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First Avenue (Manhattan)

First Avenue is a north-south thoroughfare on the East Side of the New York City borough of Manhattan, running from Houston Street northbound for over 125 blocks before terminating at the Willis Avenue Bridge into The Bronx at the Harlem River near East 126th Street.

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Flatlands Avenue

Flatlands Avenue is a major street in the New York City borough of Brooklyn.

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Floyd Bennett Field

Floyd Bennett Field is an airfield in the Marine Park neighorhood of southeast Brooklyn in New York City, along the shore of Jamaica Bay.

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Flushing Meadows–Corona Park

Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, often referred to as Flushing Meadows Park, or simply Flushing Meadows, is a public park in New York City.

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Flushing, Queens

Flushing is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Queens in the United States.

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Forest Hills–71st Avenue (IND Queens Boulevard Line)

Forest Hills–71st Avenue (previously known as 71st–Continental Avenues) is an express station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway, located on Queens Boulevard at 71st (Continental) Avenue in Forest Hills, Queens.

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Fulton Street (Manhattan)

Fulton Street is a busy street located in Lower Manhattan in New York City.

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Fulton Street Line (elevated)

The Fulton Street Line, also called the Fulton Street Elevated or Kings County Line, was an elevated rail line mostly in Brooklyn, New York City, United States.

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Fultonhistory.com

Fultonhistory.com or Old Fulton NY Postcards is a historic newspaper website which contains archives of over 1000 New York newspapers, and some from other states and Canada.

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G (New York City Subway service)

The G Brooklyn-Queens Crosstown is an rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway.

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Gowanus Canal

The Gowanus Canal (originally known as Gowanus Creek) is a canal in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, on the westernmost portion of Long Island.

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Gowanus, Brooklyn

Gowanus is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, within the South Brooklyn area.

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Grand Concourse (Bronx)

The Grand Concourse (originally known as the Grand Boulevard and Concourse) is a major thoroughfare in the borough of the Bronx in New York City.

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Grant Avenue (IND Fulton Street Line)

Grant Avenue is a station on the IND Fulton Street Line of the New York City Subway.

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Great Depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.

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Great Depression in the United States

The Great Depression began in August 1929, when the United States economy first went into an economic recession.

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Greenpoint and Roosevelt Avenues

Roosevelt Avenue and Greenpoint Avenue are main thoroughfares in the New York City boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn.

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Harlem River

The Harlem River is an tidal strait flowing between the Hudson River and the East River and separating the island of Manhattan from the Bronx on the New York mainland.

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Henry Hudson Parkway

The Henry Hudson Parkway is an parkway in New York City.

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HH (Court Street Shuttle)

HH was the last of the letters assigned to original routes of the Independent Subway System of the New York City Subway in the 1930s.

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High Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line)

High Street, also labeled as High Street–Brooklyn Bridge, and also referred to as "Brooklyn Bridge Plaza" and "Cranberry Street", is a station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway.

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Houston Street

Houston Street is a major east-west thoroughfare in downtown Manhattan, running crosstown across the full width of the island of Manhattan, from Franklin D. Roosevelt East River Drive (FDR Drive) and East River Park on the East River to Pier 40 and West Street on the Hudson River.

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Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets (IND Lines)

Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets (shown as "Hoyt-Schermerhorn" on official maps) is an express station of the New York City Subway, serving the IND Crosstown Line and the IND Fulton Street Line.

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Hunters Point Avenue (IRT Flushing Line)

Hunters Point Avenue is a station on the IRT Flushing Line of the New York City Subway.

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IND Concourse Line

The Concourse Line is an IND rapid transit line of the New York City Subway system.

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IND Crosstown Line

The IND Crosstown Line or Brooklyn–Queens Crosstown Line is a rapid transit line of the B Division of the New York City Subway in Brooklyn and Queens, New York City, United States.

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IND Culver Line

The IND Culver Line (formerly BMT Culver Line) is a rapid transit line of the B Division of the New York City Subway, extending from Downtown Brooklyn south to Coney Island, Brooklyn, New York City, United States.

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IND Eighth Avenue Line

The IND Eighth Avenue Line is a rapid transit line in New York City, United States, and is part of the B Division of the New York City Subway.

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IND Fulton Street Line

The IND Fulton Street Line is a rapid transit line of the IND Division of the New York City Subway, running from the Cranberry Street Tunnel under the East River through all of central Brooklyn to a terminus in Ozone Park, Queens.

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IND Queens Boulevard Line

The IND Queens Boulevard Line, sometimes abbreviated as QBL, is a line of the B Division of the New York City Subway in Manhattan and Queens, New York City, United States.

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IND Rockaway Line

The IND Rockaway Line is a rapid transit line of the IND Division of the New York City Subway, operating in Queens.

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IND Sixth Avenue Line

The IND Sixth Avenue Line is a rapid transit line of the B Division of the New York City Subway in the United States.

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IND World's Fair Line

The IND World's Fair Line, officially the World's Fair Railroad, was a temporary branch of the Independent Subway System (IND) serving the 1939 New York World's Fair in Queens, New York City.

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Interborough Rapid Transit Company

The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) was the private operator of the original underground New York City Subway line that opened in 1904, as well as earlier elevated railways and additional rapid transit lines in New York City. The IRT was purchased by the city in June 1940. The former IRT lines (the numbered routes in the current subway system) are now the A Division or IRT Division of the Subway.

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Interstate 678

Interstate 678 (I-678) is a north–south auxiliary Interstate Highway that extends for through two boroughs of New York City.

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Inwood–207th Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line)

Inwood–207th Street (formerly Washington Heights–207th Street) is the northern terminal station of the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway.

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IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line

The IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line (also known as the IRT Seventh Avenue Line or the IRT West Side Line) is a New York City Subway line.

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IRT Dyre Avenue Line

The IRT Dyre Avenue Line is a New York City Subway rapid transit line, part of the A Division (IRT).

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IRT Eastern Parkway Line

The Eastern Parkway Line is one of the lines of the IRT division of the New York City Subway, stretching from Downtown Brooklyn south along Flatbush Avenue and east along Eastern Parkway to Crown Heights.

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IRT Flushing Line

The IRT Flushing Line is a rapid transit route of the New York City Subway system, operated as part of the A Division.

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IRT Jerome Avenue Line

The IRT Jerome Avenue Line, also unofficially known as IRT Woodlawn Line, is an A Division New York City Subway line mostly along Jerome Avenue in the Bronx.

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IRT Lenox Avenue Line

The Lenox Avenue Line is one of the IRT lines in the New York City Subway, mostly built as part of the first subway line.

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IRT Lexington Avenue Line

The IRT Lexington Avenue Line (also known as the IRT East Side Line and the IRT Lexington–Fourth Avenue Line) is one of the lines of the A Division of the New York City Subway, stretching from Lower Manhattan north to 125th Street in East Harlem.

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IRT New Lots Line

The IRT New Lots Line or Livonia Avenue Line is a rapid transit line in the IRT A Division of the New York City Subway.

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IRT Ninth Avenue Line

The IRT Ninth Avenue Line, often called the Ninth Avenue El, was the first elevated railway in New York City.

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IRT Pelham Line

The IRT Pelham Line, also called the Southern Boulevard–Pelham Bay Park Line, is a rapid transit line on the New York City Subway, operated as part of the A Division and served by the 6 and <6> trains.

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IRT Second Avenue Line

The IRT Second Avenue Line, also known as the Second Avenue El, was an elevated railway in Manhattan, New York City, United States, from 1878 to 1942.

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IRT Sixth Avenue Line

The IRT Sixth Avenue Line, often called the Sixth Avenue Elevated or Sixth Avenue El, was the second elevated railway in Manhattan in New York City, following the Ninth Avenue Elevated.

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IRT Third Avenue Line

The IRT Third Avenue Line, commonly known as the Third Avenue El and the Bronx El, was an elevated railway in Manhattan and the Bronx, New York City.

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IRT White Plains Road Line

The White Plains Road Line is a rapid transit line of the IRT division of the New York City Subway serving the central Bronx.

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Jackson Heights, Queens

Jackson Heights is a neighborhood in the northwestern portion of the borough of Queens in New York City.

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Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street (New York City Subway)

Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street (or simply Jackson Heights or 74th Street–Roosevelt) is a New York City Subway station complex served by the IRT Flushing Line and the IND Queens Boulevard Line.

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Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer (Archer Avenue Lines)

Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer (formerly Jamaica Center–Parsons Boulevard) is the northern terminal station of the IND and BMT Archer Avenue Lines of the New York City Subway, located at Parsons Boulevard and Archer Avenue in Jamaica, Queens.

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Jamaica–179th Street (IND Queens Boulevard Line)

Jamaica–179th Street is an express terminal station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway.

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Jamaica–Van Wyck (IND Archer Avenue Line)

Jamaica–Van Wyck is a station on the IND Archer Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, located on the west side of the Van Wyck Expressway between Metropolitan Avenue and 89th Avenue in Richmond Hill, Queens.

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Jay Street–MetroTech (New York City Subway)

Jay Street–MetroTech is an underground station complex on the IND Fulton Street, IND Culver, and BMT Fourth Avenue Lines of the New York City Subway.

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John Francis Hylan

John Francis Hylan (April 20, 1868January 12, 1936), was the 96th Mayor of New York City (the seventh since the consolidation of the five boroughs), from 1918 to 1925.

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K (Eighth Avenue Local)

The K Eighth Avenue Local, earlier the AA, was a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway.

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Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike (IND Queens Boulevard Line)

Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike (signed as Union Turnpike–Kew Gardens on overhead and entrance signs) is an express station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway.

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Kings Highway (IND Culver Line)

Kings Highway is an express station on the IND Culver Line of the New York City Subway.

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Kissena Boulevard

Kissena Boulevard is a thoroughfare spanning the central neighborhoods of the borough of Queens in New York City, extending from Main Street in the Flushing Chinatown to Parsons Boulevard in Kew Gardens Hills.

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List of New York City Subway yards

The New York City Transit Authority operates a total of 24 rail yards for the New York City Subway system.

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Lower Manhattan

Lower Manhattan, also known as Downtown Manhattan or Downtown New York, is the southernmost part of Manhattan, the central borough for business, culture, and government in the City of New York, which itself originated at the southern tip of Manhattan Island in 1624, at a point which now constitutes the present-day Financial District.

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M (New York City Subway service)

The M Queens Boulevard/Sixth Avenue Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway.

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Main Street (Queens)

Main Street is a major north-south street in the borough of Queens in New York City, extending from Queens Boulevard in Briarwood to Northern Boulevard in Flushing.

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Manhattan

Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.

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Manhattan Bridge

The Manhattan Bridge is a suspension bridge that crosses the East River in New York City, connecting Lower Manhattan at Canal Street with Downtown Brooklyn at the Flatbush Avenue Extension.

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Metropolitan Transportation Authority

The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) is a public benefit corporation responsible for public transportation in the U.S. state of New York, serving 12 counties in Downstate New York, along with two counties in southwestern Connecticut under contract to the Connecticut Department of Transportation, carrying over 11 million passengers on an average weekday systemwide, and over 850,000 vehicles on its seven toll bridges and two tunnels per weekday.

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N (New York City Subway service)

The N Broadway Express is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway.

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Nassau Avenue (IND Crosstown Line)

Nassau Avenue is a station on the IND Crosstown Line of the New York City Subway.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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New York City Subway

The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority, a subsidiary agency of the state-run Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA).

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New York City Transit Authority

The New York City Transit Authority (also known as NYCTA, The TA or simply Transit, and branded as MTA New York City Transit) is a public authority in the U.S. state of New York that operates public transportation in New York City.

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New York Post

The New York Post is the fourth-largest newspaper in the United States and a leading digital media publisher that reached more than 57 million unique visitors in the U.S. in January 2017.

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New York State Department of Transportation

The New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) is the department of the New York state government responsible for the development and operation of highways, railroads, mass transit systems, ports, waterways and aviation facilities in the U.S. state of New York.

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New York State Route 25A

New York State Route 25A (NY 25A) is a state highway on Long Island in New York in the United States.

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New York Transit Museum

The New York Transit Museum (also called the NYC Transit Museum) is a museum that displays historical artifacts of the New York City Subway, bus, and commuter rail systems in the greater New York City metropolitan region.

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New York, Westchester and Boston Railway

The New York, Westchester and Boston Railway Company (NYW&B, also known to its riders as "the Westchester" and colloquially as the "Boston-Westchester"), was an electric commuter railroad in the Bronx and Westchester County, New York from 1912 to 1937.

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Norwood–205th Street (IND Concourse Line)

Norwood–205th Street (formerly 205th Street) is the northern terminal station on the IND Concourse Line of the New York City Subway.

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Nostrand Avenue

South end in Sheepshead Bay Nostrand Avenue is a major street in Brooklyn, New York, that runs for eight miles (12.9 kilometers) north from Emmons Avenue in Sheepshead Bay to Flushing Avenue in Williamsburg, where it continues as Lee Avenue.

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Ozone Park–Lefferts Boulevard (IND Fulton Street Line)

Ozone Park–Lefferts Boulevard is an elevated terminal station on the IND Fulton Street Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of Lefferts Boulevard and Liberty Avenue in Queens.

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Parsons Boulevard (IND Queens Boulevard Line)

Parsons Boulevard is an express station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway.

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Port Authority of New York and New Jersey

The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) is a joint venture between the United States, New York and New Jersey, established in 1921 through an interstate compact authorized by the United States Congress.

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Program for Action

Metropolitan Transportation: A Program for Action, also known as simply the Program for Action, the Grand Design, or the New Routes Program, was a proposal in the mid-1960s for a large expansion of mass transit in New York City, created under then-Mayor John Lindsay.

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Proposed expansion of the New York City Subway

Since the opening of the original New York City Subway line in 1904, and throughout the subway's history, various official and planning agencies have proposed numerous extensions to the subway system.

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Q (New York City Subway service)

The Q Second Avenue/Broadway Express/Brighton Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway.

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Queens

Queens is the easternmost and largest in area of the five boroughs of New York City.

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Queens Boulevard

Queens Boulevard is a major thoroughfare in the New York City borough of Queens connecting Midtown Manhattan, via the Queensboro Bridge, to Jamaica.

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R (New York City Subway service)

The R Broadway Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway.

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R1 (New York City Subway car)

The R1 was the first New York City Subway car type built for the Independent Subway System (IND).

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R10 (New York City Subway car)

The R10 was the first series of post-war New York City Subway cars.

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R160 (New York City Subway car)

The R160 is a class of 1,662 new technology (NTT) New York City Subway cars built by Alstom Transportation and Kawasaki for the B Division.

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R32/A (New York City Subway car)

The R32 is a New York City Subway car model built by the Budd Company from 1964 to 1965 for the IND/BMT B Division.

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R4 (New York City Subway car)

The R4 was a New York City Subway car model built from 1932 to 1933 by the American Car and Foundry Company in Berwick, Pennsylvania.

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R42 (New York City Subway car)

The R42 is a New York City Subway car model built by the St. Louis Car Company between 1969 and 1970 for the IND/BMT B Division.

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R46 (New York City Subway car)

The R46 is a New York City Subway car model that was built by the Pullman Standard Company from 1975 to 1978 for the IND/BMT B Division.

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R6 (New York City Subway car)

The R6 was a New York City Subway car model built from 1935 to 1936 for the city-operated Independent Subway System by three manufacturers under separate orders, the American Car and Foundry Company, Pullman Standard, and Pressed Steel Car Company.

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R68 (New York City Subway car)

The R68 is a B Division New York City Subway car order consisting of 425 cars built by the Westinghouse-Amrail Company, a joint venture of Westinghouse, ANF Industrie, Jeumont Schneider, and Alstom.

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R68A (New York City Subway car)

The R68A is a B Division New York City Subway car order consisting of 200 cars built between 1988 and 1989 by Kawasaki Rail Car Company in Kobe, Japan, with final assembly done at the Kawasaki plant in Yonkers, New York.

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R7/A (New York City Subway car)

The R7 (and R7A) was a New York City Subway car model built from 1937 to 1938 for the city-operated Independent Subway System by two manufacturers under separate orders, the American Car and Foundry Company and Pullman Standard.

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R9 (New York City Subway car)

The R9 was a New York City Subway car model which was built by the American Car and Foundry Company and the Pressed Steel Car Company in 1940 for the Independent Subway System (IND) and its successors, which included the New York City Board of Transportation and the New York City Transit Authority.

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Rapid transit

Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.

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Rapid transit operations of the BRT and BMT

Starting in 1899, the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company (BRT; 1896–1923) and Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT; 1923–1940) operated rapid transit lines in New York City — at first only elevated railways and later also subways.

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Red Hook, Brooklyn

Red Hook is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, New York.

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Road

A road is a thoroughfare, route, or way on land between two places that has been paved or otherwise improved to allow travel by foot or some form of conveyance, including a motor vehicle, cart, bicycle, or horse.

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Rockaway Avenue (IND Fulton Street Line)

Rockaway Avenue is a local station on the IND Fulton Street Line of the New York City Subway.

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Rockaway Boulevard (IND Fulton Street Line)

Rockaway Boulevard is a station on the IND Fulton Street Line of the New York City Subway.

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Rockaway Park Shuttle

The Rockaway Park Shuttle is a shuttle service of the New York City Subway operating in Queens.

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Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street (IND Rockaway Line)

Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street is the western terminal station on the IND Rockaway Line of the New York City Subway, located on Beach 116th Street near Rockaway Beach Boulevard in Rockaway Beach, Queens.

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Second Avenue Subway

The Second Avenue Subway (internally referred to as the IND Second Avenue Line by the MTA and abbreviated to SAS) is a New York City Subway line that runs under Second Avenue on the East Side of Manhattan.

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Short turn

In public transport, a short turn or turn-back is an earlier terminus on a bus or rail line that is used on some scheduled trips that do not operate along the full length of the route.

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Sixth Avenue

Sixth Avenue – officially Avenue of the Americas, although this name is seldom used by New Yorkers, p.24 – is a major thoroughfare in New York City's borough of Manhattan, on which traffic runs northbound, or "uptown".

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Smith–Ninth Streets (IND Culver Line)

Smith–Ninth Streets is a local station on the IND Culver Line of the New York City Subway.

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St. Nicholas Avenue

St.

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Staten Island Tunnel

The Staten Island Tunnel is an abandoned, incomplete railway/subway tunnel in New York City.

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Steel

Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.

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The Bronx

The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City, in the U.S. state of New York.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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Third Avenue

Third Avenue is a north-south thoroughfare on the East Side of the New York City borough of Manhattan. Its southern end is at Astor Place and St. Mark's Place. It transitions into Cooper Square, and further south, the Bowery, Chatham Square, and Park Row. The Manhattan side ends at East 128th Street. Third Avenue is two-way from Cooper Square to 24th Street, but since July 17, 1960 has carried only northbound (uptown) traffic while in Manhattan; in the Bronx, it is again two-way. However, the Third Avenue Bridge carries vehicular traffic in the opposite direction, allowing only southbound vehicular traffic, rendering the avenue essentially non-continuous to motor vehicles between the boroughs. The street leaves Manhattan and continues into the Bronx across the Harlem River over the Third Avenue Bridge north of East 129th Street to East Fordham Road at Fordham Center, where it intersects with U.S. 1. It is one of the four streets that form The Hub, a site of both maximum traffic and architectural density, in the South Bronx. Like most urban streets, Third Avenue was unpaved until the late 19th century. In May 1861, according to a letter to the editor of The New York Times, the street was the scene of practice marching for the poorly equipped troops in the 7th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment: "The men were not in uniform, but very poorly dressed, — in many cases with flip-flap shoes. The business-like air with which they marched rapidly through the deep mud of the Third-avenue was the more remarkable.".

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Times Square–42nd Street/Port Authority Bus Terminal (New York City Subway)

Times Square–42nd Street/Port Authority Bus Terminal is a New York City Subway station complex located under Times Square and the Port Authority Bus Terminal, at the intersection of 42nd Street, Seventh and Eighth Avenues, and Broadway in Midtown Manhattan.

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Turnstile

A turnstile, also called a baffle gate or turnstyle, is a form of gate which allows one person to pass at a time.

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United States Department of Transportation

The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT or DOT) is a federal Cabinet department of the U.S. government concerned with transportation.

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United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.

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Upper East Side

The Upper East Side is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, between Central Park/Fifth Avenue, 59th Street, the East River, and 96th Street.

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Utica Avenue

Utica Avenue is a major avenue in Brooklyn, New York, United States.

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Utica Avenue (IND Fulton Street Line)

Utica Avenue is an express station on the IND Fulton Street Line of the New York City Subway.

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V (New York City Subway service)

The V Sixth Avenue Local was a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway.

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Vandalism

Vandalism is an "action involving deliberate destruction of or damage to public or private property".

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Wall Street Crash of 1929

The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday (October 29), the Great Crash, or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began on October 24, 1929 ("Black Thursday"), and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, when taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its after effects.

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Wave of Long Island

The Wave of Long Island is the longest-lived and most widely circulated newspaper in the Rockaway Peninsula, New York City Borough of Queens.

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West Fourth Street–Washington Square (IND Lines)

West Fourth Street–Washington Square is an express station and transfer stop on the IND Sixth Avenue and IND Eighth Avenue Lines of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of West Fourth Street and Sixth Avenue (Avenue of the Americas) in Greenwich Village, Manhattan.

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William O'Dwyer

William O'Dwyer (July 11, 1890November 24, 1964) was an Irish-American politician and diplomat who served as the 100th Mayor of New York City, holding that office from 1946 to 1950.

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Williamsburg Bridge

The Williamsburg Bridge is a suspension bridge in New York City across the East River connecting the Lower East Side of Manhattan at Delancey Street with the Williamsburg neighborhood of Brooklyn at Broadway near the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway (Interstate 278).

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Yonkers, New York

Yonkers is the fourth most populous city in the U.S. state of New York, behind New York City, Buffalo, and Rochester.

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103rd Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line)

103rd Street is a local station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway.

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125th Street (Manhattan)

125th Street is a two-way street that runs east–west in the New York City borough of Manhattan, from First Avenue on the east to Marginal Street, a service road for the Henry Hudson Parkway along the Hudson River in the west.

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145th Street (IND Lines)

145th Street is a bi-level express station on the IND Eighth Avenue and Concourse Lines of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of 145th Street and St. Nicholas Avenue in Harlem and Hamilton Heights, Manhattan.

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161st Street (Bronx)

161st Street is a short, major thoroughfare in the southern portion of the Bronx.

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163rd Street–Amsterdam Avenue (IND Eighth Avenue Line)

163rd Street–Amsterdam Avenue is a local station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, located in Washington Heights, Manhattan at the intersection of Amsterdam and Saint Nicholas Avenues.

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168th Street (BMT Jamaica Line)

168th Street was the terminal station on the demolished section of the BMT Jamaica Line.

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168th Street (New York City Subway)

168th Street (formerly Washington Heights–168th Street), is an underground New York City Subway station complex shared by the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and IND Eighth Avenue Line.

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169th Street (IND Queens Boulevard Line)

169th Street is a local station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway.

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1939 New York World's Fair

The 1939–40 New York World's Fair, which covered the of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park (also the location of the 1964–1965 New York World's Fair), was the second most expensive American world's fair of all time, exceeded only by St.

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23rd Street (IND Sixth Avenue Line)

23rd Street is a local station on the IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway.

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34th Street–Herald Square (New York City Subway)

34th Street–Herald Square is an underground station complex on the BMT Broadway Line and the IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, and is the third-busiest station in the system with 39,285,568 passengers entering the station in 2014.

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47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center (IND Sixth Avenue Line)

47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center is an express station on the IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway.

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50th Street (IND Lines)

50th Street is a bi-level station on the IND Eighth Avenue and Queens Boulevard Lines of the New York City Subway, located at 50th Street and Eighth Avenue in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood of Manhattan.

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57th Street (IND Sixth Avenue Line)

57th Street is a station on the IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway.

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60th Street Tunnel

The 60th Street Tunnel carries the of the New York City Subway under the East River and Roosevelt Island between Manhattan and Queens.

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60th Street Tunnel Connection

The 60th Street Tunnel Connection or 11th Street Cut is a short rapid transit line of the New York City Subway connecting the BMT 60th Street Tunnel under the East River (which connects to the BMT Broadway Line) with the IND Queens Boulevard Line west of Queens Plaza in Long Island City, Queens, New York City, United States.

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63rd Street Lines

The IND 63rd Street Line and BMT 63rd Street Line, also referred to as the 63rd Street Crosstown, Crosstown Route, or Route 131-A, are two rapid transit lines of the IND and BMT divisions of the New York City Subway system.

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63rd Street Tunnel

The 63rd Street Tunnel carries the 63rd Street Lines of the New York City Subway under the East River between the boroughs of Manhattan and Queens.

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67th Avenue (IND Queens Boulevard Line)

67th Avenue is a local station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway.

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72nd Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line)

72nd Street is a local station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway.

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81st Street–Museum of Natural History (IND Eighth Avenue Line)

81st Street–Museum of Natural History is a local station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway.

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96th Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line)

96th Street is a local station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway.

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Redirects here:

IND (NYCS), IND Division, IND division, Independent City Owned Rapid Transit Railroad, Independent Subway.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independent_Subway_System

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