1308 relations: Abstract expressionism, Accounting, Accra, Acute care, Addis Ababa, Administrative court, Advertising, Advertising Age, Advertising agency, Africa, African Americans, African Burial Ground National Monument, African diaspora, African Free School, AirTrain JFK, Al-Qaeda, Albanian Americans, Albany, New York, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Alberta, Alderman, Alexander Hamilton, Algonquian peoples, Alice Tully Hall, All in the Family, Alternative newspaper, AMC (TV channel), American Airlines Flight 11, American Atheists, American Broadcasting Company, American Civil War, American English, American Express, American Institute of Architects, American International Group, American Jews, American Mafia, American Planning Association, American Revolution, American Revolutionary War, Americas, Amsterdam, Amtrak, Andes, Anthony Colve, Antwerp, AOL, Apollo 11, Appalachian Mountains, Applied science, ..., Arab Americans, Archie Bunker, Area code 917, Area codes 212, 646, and 332, Area codes 718, 347, and 929, Art auction, Art Deco, Art museum, Articles of Confederation, Ashkenazi Jews, Asia, Asian Americans, Asian Americans in New York City, Associated Press, Astronaut, Atheism, Atlantic Ocean, Aviation in the New York metropolitan area, Bagel, Baltimore, Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area, Bangalore, Bangkok, Bangladeshi Americans, Bank for International Settlements, Bank of America Tower (Manhattan), Barack Obama, Barcelona, Barclays Center, Barnard College, Baruch College, Baseball park, Battery Park City, Battery Weed, Battle of Long Island, Bedrock, Beijing, Belfast, Bellevue Hospital, Belmont Park, Belmont Stakes, Belvedere Castle, Benjamin Franklin, Bergen County, New Jersey, Berlin, Biên Hòa, Bicycle-sharing system, Bill de Blasio, Billionaire, Biotechnology, Bisexuality, Black Spades, Bloomberg L.P., Blue hour, Bogotá, Bolivian Americans, Boroughs of New York City, Boston, Bowling Green (New York City), Brasília, Bravo (U.S. TV network), Brazil, British Bankers' Association, British Columbia, British Empire, Broadcast network, Broadway (Manhattan), Broadway theatre, Broken windows theory, Bronx River, Bronx Zoo, Brooklyn, Brooklyn Bridge, Brooklyn Cyclones, Brooklyn Nets, Brooklyn Public Library, Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel, Brownstone, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Buddhism, Buenos Aires, Burial Ridge, Business magnate, Cairo, Calgary, California, Calvin Coolidge, Campaign finance, Canada, Cantilever bridge, Cape Cod, Cape Town, Capital (economics), Capital market, Captaincy General of Santo Domingo, Caracas, Carbon footprint, Cargo, Cargo ship, Caribbean, Caribbean immigration to New York City, Carnegie Hall, Carnegie Hill, Carpool, Carroll O'Connor, Castle Clinton, Catholic Church in the United States, Catskill Mountains, Córdoba, Argentina, CBS, Celgene, Central America, Central Europe, Central New York, Central Park, Central Park Conservancy, Central Park Tower, Central Park Zoo, Changwon, Charles II of England, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Charleston, South Carolina, Charter school, Chicago, Chicago "L", Chicago metropolitan area, Chief mate, China, Chinatown, Chinatown, Manhattan, Chinatowns in Brooklyn, Chinatowns in Queens, Chinese Americans, Chinese emigration, Chinese in New York City, Chinese restaurant, Chocolate, Chocolatier, Chongqing, Christianity in the United States, Chrysler Building, Cincinnati, Citadel, Citi Field, Citibank, Citigroup, City of Greater New York, City Parks Foundation, City University of New York, Civic Center, Manhattan, Civilian, Clay Pit Ponds State Park Preserve, Climate change, Clinic, Clothing industry, Co-op City, Bronx, Coffeehouse, Collapse of the World Trade Center, College of Mount Saint Vincent, Colombia, Colombian Americans, Colony, Columbia University, Combined statistical area, Comedy Central, Commercial bank, Commissioners' Plan of 1811, Community college, Commuter rail, Commuting, CompStat, Coney Island, Conference House, Conference House Park, Congress of the Confederation, Connecticut, Conscription, Conservatory Garden, Consonant, Consul (representative), Contiguous United States, Controlled-access highway, Cooper Union, Copenhagen, Copenhagen Metro, Cornelis Evertsen the Youngest, Cornell Tech, Cornell University, Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, County (United States), Crack epidemic, Croton Falls Reservoir, Cuernavaca, Cultural diversity, Culture, Curitiba, Cycling, Czech Americans, Düsseldorf, Deindustrialization, Delaware Bay, Delegate, Delhi, Democratic Party (United States), Demographics of Central Asia, Design, Dhaka, Digital billboard, Digital media, Diner, Diplomacy, Director of New Netherland, Disco, Ditmas Park, Brooklyn, Dominican Americans, Dominican Republic, Douglaston, Queens, Downtown Brooklyn, Drag queen, Drainage basin, Dubai, Dublin, Duke of York, Dutch East India Company, Dutch guilder, Dutch Reformed Church, Dutch Republic, Dutch West India Company, East Harlem, East River, East Rutherford, New Jersey, East Side Access, Eastern Europe, Eastern Time Zone, Ebbets Field, Economic inequality, Economy of New York City, Economy of the United States, Ecuador, Ecuadorian Americans, Edgar Allan Poe, Edinburgh, Edmonton, Edward Harrigan, Egypt, El Diario La Prensa, El Salvador, Eli Lilly and Company, Ellis Island, Emancipation Proclamation, Emergency medical services, Emergency medical technician, Emmy Award, Empire State Building, Empire State Development Corporation, Emporis, Encyclopedia of Homosexuality, English Americans, English people, Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship ecosystem, Epidemic, Erie Canal, Estêvão Gomes, Estuary, European Americans, European emigration, Evacuation Day (New York), Falafel, Fashion, Fashion capital, Fashion Institute of Technology, FDi magazine, Feature film, Federal Hall, Federal Information Processing Standards, Federal judiciary of the United States, Fernando Wood, Ferris wheel, Ferry, Fiber-optic communication, Fifth Avenue, Filipinos in the New York metropolitan area, Film industry, Filmmaking, Financial centre, Financial Development Index, Financial District, Manhattan, Financial technology, Fiorello H. La Guardia, Fire department, Fire protection, Firefighter, Fiscal year, Five Families, Five Points, Manhattan, Florence, Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, Flushing, Queens, Foley Square, Food Network, Forbes, Fordham University, Foreign born, Foreign direct investment, Fort Hamilton, Fort Tilden, Fort Tompkins (Staten Island), Fort Totten (Queens), Fort Wadsworth, Fortune 500, Forty Thieves (New York gang), Foundation (engineering), Founding Fathers of the United States, Four Seasons Hotel New York Downtown, Fox News, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Freedman, Freedom, Freedom of the press, Freestyle music, French Americans, Fresh water, Fur trade, Gaelic Athletic Association county, Gaelic games in North America, Gaelic Park, Game design, Gang, Garden city movement, Gateway National Recreation Area, Gateway Region, Gay liberation, Geena Rocero, General American, General Electric, Geneva, Gentrification, Geographic Names Information System, Geopolitics, George II of Great Britain, George M. Cohan, George W. Bush, George Washington, George Washington Bridge, German Americans, German diaspora, Ghana, Gifted education, Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, Gini coefficient, Giovanni da Verrazzano, Glasgow, Global city, Global Language Monitor, Godiva Chocolatier, Goldman Sachs, Google Books, Gotham Gazette, Gothic Revival architecture, Governors Island, Governors Island National Monument, Graduate school, Grand Central Parkway, Grand Central Terminal, Grand Concourse (Bronx), Grand Slam (tennis), Granite, Grant's Tomb, Great Depression, Great Famine (Ireland), Great Fire of New York, Great Fire of New York (1776), Great Kills Park, Great Lakes, Great Migration (African American), Greek Americans, Green building, Greenhouse gas, Greenpoint oil spill, Greenwich Village, Gross metropolitan product, Guangzhou, Guatemala, Guyanese Americans, Haiti, Hamburg, Hamilton Grange National Memorial, Hardcore punk, Hardiness zone, Haredi Judaism, Harlem, Harlem Renaissance, Harlem River, Harrison, New Jersey, Haute cuisine, HBO, Headquarters, Headquarters of the United Nations, Hearst Communications, Hearst Tower (Manhattan), Hedge fund, Heidelberg, Helsinki, Hempstead (village), New York, Henry Hudson, Herman Melville, High tech, High-rise building, High-tech architecture, Higher education, Hindu temple, Hindu Temple Society of North America, Hinduism, Hip hop, Hip hop music, Hispanic and Latino Americans, History of the Brooklyn Dodgers, History of the New York Giants (baseball), Ho Chi Minh City, Hoboken, New Jersey, Hofstra University, Holland Tunnel, Homicide, Homophone, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hot dog, Hotel, Housing cooperative, Hudson County, New Jersey, Hudson River, Hudson Valley, Human impact on the environment, Humid continental climate, Humid subtropical climate, Hungarian Americans, Hurricane Sandy, Hybrid electric vehicle, I Love New York, I-beam, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Ice rink, Ice sheet, Iceland, Illinois, Immigration, Immigration to the United States, Income tax, Indentured servitude, Independent film, Indian Americans, Indianapolis, Indians in the New York City metropolitan region, Information technology, Innovation, Intellectual capital, Inter-city rail, Intercity bus service, Interleague play, International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, International Style (architecture), International Transgender Day of Visibility, Internet, Internet Archive, Interpublic Group of Companies, INTL FCStone, Investment, Investment banking, Investment management, Investor, Irish Americans, Irish diaspora, Islam, Islamic Cultural Center of New York, Israel, Israeli Americans, Istanbul, Italian Americans, Italian diaspora, Jackson Heights, Queens, Jacob Riis Park, Jakarta, Jamaica, Jamaica Bay, Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge, James II of England, James M. McPherson, James M. Shuart Stadium, Japanese in New York City, Jazz, Jazz at Lincoln Center, Jersey City, New Jersey, Jersey Shore, Jerusalem, Jewish American literature, Jews in New York City, Joe Nocera, Johannesburg, John F. Kennedy International Airport, John Jay, John Keese, John Kerry, John Paulson, John Peter Zenger, Johnson & Johnson, Joseph Medill Patterson, JPMorgan Chase, Juan (Jan) Rodriguez, Judaism, Judicial district, Judiciary of New York (state), Juilliard School, Karachi, Köppen climate classification, Kebab, Kiev, Kingdom of France, Korean Americans in New York City, Koreans in China, Koreatown, Manhattan, Kuala Lumpur, Lagos, LaGuardia Airport, Land lot, Land reclamation, Latvia, Law enforcement officer, Laws of New York, Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute, Lenape, Lenapehoking, LGBT community, LGBT culture in New York City, LGBT rights by country or territory, LGBT rights in the United States, LGBT social movements, Liberty Island, Libor, Library of Congress, Libreville, Lima, Limestone, Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, Lincoln Square, Manhattan, Lincoln Tunnel, Lisbon, List of advertising agencies, List of American and Canadian cities by number of major professional sports franchises, List of bridges and tunnels in New York City, List of Brooklyn neighborhoods, List of busiest airports by international passenger traffic, List of capitals in the United States, List of colleges and universities in New York City, List of counties in New York, List of countries by GDP (nominal), List of countries by intentional homicide rate, List of current heads of state and government, List of ethnic groups of Africa, List of films set in New York City, List of life sciences, List of metro systems, List of metropolitan statistical areas, List of most expensive buildings, List of New York City parks, List of nicknames of New York City, List of Nobel laureates, List of North American settlements by year of foundation, List of numbered streets in Manhattan, List of plays and musicals set in New York City, List of private equity firms, List of sovereign states, List of stock exchanges, List of tallest buildings, List of tallest buildings and structures, List of tallest buildings in New York City, List of ticker-tape parades in New York City, List of transcontinental countries, List of U.S. cities with high transit ridership, List of U.S. cities with most pedestrian commuters, List of U.S. state songs, List of United States cities by population, List of United States cities by population density, List of water sports, Lists of New York City landmarks, Lithuanian Americans, Little India (location), Little Italy, Manhattan, Location shooting, Logo, London, London Underground, Long Island, Long Island City, Long Island MacArthur Airport, Long Island Rail Road, Long Island Sound, Los Angeles, Los Angeles Dodgers, Los Angeles metropolitan area, Lower East Side, Lower Manhattan, Loyalist (American Revolution), Lutheranism, Luxembourg City, Lyon, Macy's Herald Square, Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, Madison Avenue, Madison Square Garden, Madison Square Garden (1925), Madrid, Magazine, Maine, Major League Baseball, Major League Soccer, Malaysian Americans, Manhattan, Manhattan Bridge, Manhattan College, Manhattan Neighborhood Network, Manhattan West, Manila, Manitoba, Marble Hill, Manhattan, Marina, Marine Park, Brooklyn, Market capitalization, Maryland, Massachusetts, Massachusetts v. Environmental Protection Agency, Maurice, Prince of Orange, Mayor of New York City, Mayor–council government, Meadow, Medellín, Media (communication), Media conglomerate, Medical research, Medicine, Megacity, Melbourne, Melting pot, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Mercy College (New York), Mergers and acquisitions, MetLife, MetLife Stadium, Metonymy, Metres above sea level, Metro-North Railroad, Metropolitan area, Metropolitan municipality, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Metropolitan Opera, Metropolitan statistical area, MetroTech Center, Mexico, Mexico City, Miami metropolitan area, Michael Bloomberg, Michelin, Middle East, Middlesex County, New Jersey, Midtown Manhattan, Milan, Millionaire, Millrose Games, Minneapolis, Minor League Baseball, Monmouth County, New Jersey, Monopoly, Monterrey, Montreal, Morelos, State of Mexico, Morgan Stanley, Moscow, MTA Regional Bus Operations, MTR, MTV, Multiculturalism, Multinational corporation, Mumbai, Munich, Museum of the City of New York, Music industry, Musical theatre, Nairobi, NASDAQ, Nassau County, New York, Nathaniel Parker Willis, National Basketball Association, National Endowment for the Arts, National Football League, National Geographic, National Guard of the United States, National Historic Landmark, National Hockey League, National Invitation Tournament, National Library of Australia, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places, National September 11 Memorial & Museum, Native Americans in the United States, Natural satellite, NBC, NBC News, NBCUniversal, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Amsterdam, New Angoulême, New Jersey, New Jersey Devils, New media, New Netherland, New Netherland Institute, New York (Anthony Burgess book), New York (state), New York Amsterdam News, New York Bay, New York Botanical Garden, New York City Administrative Code, New York City Ballet, New York City Civil Court, New York City Comptroller, New York City Council, New York City Criminal Court, New York City Department of City Planning, New York City Department of Education, New York City Department of Environmental Protection, New York City Department of Finance, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, New York City draft riots, New York City Economic Development Corporation, New York City English, New York City FC, New York City Fire Department, New York City LGBT Pride March, New York City Marathon, New York City mayoral election, 2013, New York City Opera, New York City Police Department, New York City Rules, New York City Subway, New York City Water Tunnel No. 3, New York Cosmos (1970–85), New York Cosmos (2010), New York Daily News, New York Fashion Week, New York GAA, New York Giants, New York Harbor, New York Institute of Technology, New York Islanders, New York Jets, New York Knicks, New York Liberty, New York Life Insurance Company, New York Mahayana Temple, New York Manumission Society, New York metropolitan area, New York Mets, New York Philharmonic, New York Post, New York Public Library, New York Rangers, New York Red Bulls, New York Road Runners, New York School (art), New York State Education Department, New York State Legislature, New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation, New York Stock Exchange, New York Supreme Court, New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division, New York University, New York Wheel, New York Yankees, New York's Village Halloween Parade, New York-style pizza, New-York Historical Society, Newark Liberty International Airport, Newark, New Jersey, Newburgh, New York, News Corporation, Newtown Creek, Nigeria, NJ Transit Rail Operations, Non-commercial educational, Non-Hispanic whites, Nonprofit organization, North American Soccer League, North Atlantic Division, North Jersey, North River (Hudson River), Northeast Corridor, Northeastern United States, Northwest Passage, Norwegian Americans, Nova Scotia, Novel, Nuevo León, NYC Ferry, NYC Media, NYSE Euronext, Occupy movement, Occupy Wall Street, Old media, Omnicom Group, One Liberty Plaza, One World Trade Center, One57, Ontario, Organized crime, Orient, Original Six, Oslo, Ottawa, Overseas Chinese, Pace University, Padrón Real, Pakistani Americans, Panama City, Parade, Paramedic, Paris, Paris Métro, Park Avenue, Parkway, Parsons School of Design, Party platform, Passenger rail terminology, PATCO Speedline, PATH (rail system), Patroon, PBS, Pedestrian, Pelé, Pelham Bay Park, Pelham Public Schools, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Station (New York City), People mover, Peru, Peruvian Americans, Peter Minuit, Peter Stuyvesant, Pfizer, Pharmacy, Philadelphia, Philippine Independence Day Parade, Physician, Pinnacle, Pittsburgh, Police raid, Polish Americans, Political machine, Population density, Port, Port Authority Bus Terminal, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, Port of entry, Port of New York and New Jersey, Portuguese Americans, Portuguese people, Postage stamps and postal history of the United States, Postgraduate education, Postmodern art, Practice of law, Prague, Pratt Institute, Pre-Columbian era, Precipitation, President of the United States, Pride parade, Primary care, Prince of Orange, Pristina, Private sector, Prohibition in the United States, Proprietary colony, Prospect Park (Brooklyn), Protestantism in the United States, Province of New York, Provo, Utah, Prudential Center, PS General Slocum, Public broadcasting, Public company, Public transport, Public-access television, Public-benefit corporation, Publishing, Puerto Rican migration to New York City, Pulitzer Prize, Punk rock, Punk subculture, Quakers, Quebec, Quebec City, Queens, Queens Library, Queens–Midtown Tunnel, Queensboro Bridge, Quinnipiac University, Railway platform, Randalls and Wards Islands, Rapid transit, Rapping, Real estate, Real Estate Weekly, Red Bull Arena (New Jersey), Red Hook, Brooklyn, Regolith, Republican Party (United States), Research, Retail, Rhoticity in English, Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe, Richard Nicolls, Rio de Janeiro, Risk management, Riverbank State Park, Riverdale, Bronx, Riverside Church, Roach Guards, Rockaway, Queens, Rockefeller Center, Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree, Rockefeller University, Rome, Roosevelt Island, Roosevelt Island Tramway, Rotterdam, Rufus Wilmot Griswold, Rush hour, Russian Americans in New York City, Saint Petersburg, Salsa music, Salt marsh, Saltbox, Same-sex marriage in New York, San Francisco, San Francisco Bay Area, San Francisco Giants, Sandwich, Santiago, Santiago Calatrava, Santo Domingo, São Paulo, São Paulo Gay Pride Parade, School of Visual Arts, Scientific method, Scotch-Irish Americans, Scott Stringer, Scottish Americans, Seagram Building, SeaStreak, Seawall, Second Anglo-Dutch War, Second Avenue Subway, Second grade, Security (finance), Seditious libel, Seismic hazard, Seoul, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation, Seoul Metropolitan Subway, September 11 attacks, Setback (architecture), Seventh Avenue (Manhattan), Sewage, Shanghai, Shenyang, Show business, Showtime (TV network), Silicon Alley, Singapore, Sister city, Skyline, Skyscraper, Slavery, Social inequality, Social movement, Socialism, Software development, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Song, Sons of Liberty, Sony Music, South America, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Southern United States, Sovereign state, Spain, Spanish Empire, Spanish language, Specialized high schools in New York City, Specialty Food Association, Spire, St. John's University (New York City), St. Patrick's Cathedral (Manhattan), Stadium, Stamp Act Congress, Startup company, State University of New York, State University of New York Maritime College, Staten Island, Staten Island Ferry, Staten Island Greenbelt, Staten Island Railway, Staten Island Yankees, States General of the Netherlands, Statue of Liberty, Statue of Liberty National Monument, Steamship, Stewart International Airport, Stock exchange, Stockholm, Stonewall Inn, Stonewall National Monument, Stonewall riots, Stop-and-frisk in New York City, Storm surge, Strait, Street food, Suburb, Subway Series, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Super Bowl XLVIII, Superfund, Supreme Court of the United States, Surgeon, Suspension bridge, Sustainability, Sustainable design, Swedish Americans, Sydney, Syllable, Taipei, Tammany Hall, Taxation in the United States, Taxicabs of New York City, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Tel Aviv, Telecommunication, Television pilot, Television show, Tenement, Term limit, Terraced house, Terrorism, Teterboro Airport, The Africa Center, The Battery (Manhattan), The Believer (magazine), The Broadway League, The Bronx, The City Record, The Crown, The Encyclopedia of New York City, The Hague, The Narrows, The New School, The New York Times, The New York Times Building, The New York Times Company, The Record (Bergen County), The Trust for Public Land, The Village Voice, The Wall Street Journal, Theater District, Manhattan, Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site, Third Anglo-Dutch War, Thomas Jefferson University, Thomson Reuters, Throgs Neck Bridge, TIAA, Tibetan people, Time Warner Center, Times Herald-Record, Times Square, Tin Pan Alley, Tisch School of the Arts, Todt Hill, Tokyo, Tokyo Fire Department, Tokyo subway, Toleration, Tom Wolfe, Toronto, Tourism in New York City, Townhouse, Toxin, Track and field, Tract housing, Trademark, Traffic congestion, Trail, Train station, Transatlantic communications cable, Transgender, Transliteration, Transportation network company, Trattoria, Treaty of Breda (1667), Treaty of Westminster (1674), Trenton–Mercer Airport, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, Tribeca Film Festival, Triborough Bridge, Tributary, Trinity Church (Manhattan), Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (United States), Tropical cyclone, Troy, New York, Tudor Revival architecture, Tunnel, U.S. state, Ukrainian Americans, Ultra-low-sulfur diesel, Unemployment, Unicameralism, Union Square, Manhattan, Unisphere, United Airlines Flight 175, United Kingdom, United Nations, United States, United States Armed Forces, United States Army Corps of Engineers, United States Bill of Rights, United States Census Bureau, United States Congress, United States Constitution, United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, United States Court of International Trade, United States Declaration of Independence, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of the Interior, United States district court, United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York, United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States Geological Survey, United States presidential election in New York, 1924, United States presidential election in New York, 2012, United States Senate, Universal Music Group, University, Upper East Side, Upper Manhattan, Upper West Side, Urban area, Urban heat island, Urban park, US Open (tennis), USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center, Uzbek Americans, Van Cortlandt Park, Vancouver, Venture capital, Verizon Communications, Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, Viacom, Victoria, British Columbia, Victorian architecture, Vienna, Vietnamese Americans, Vivian Beaumont Theater, Vowel breaking, Wagner College, Waldorf Astoria New York, Walk Score, Walkability, Wall Street, Wanamaker Mile, Warner Music Group, WarnerMedia, Warsaw, Washington Irving, Washington Square Arch, Washington Square Park, Washington, D.C., Water pollution, Water purification, Water tower, Water treatment, Wayne R. Dynes, WBAI, Weehawken, New Jersey, Weill Cornell Medicine, Welsh Americans, West Indian Americans, West Side (Manhattan), West Side Highway, Westchester County Airport, Westchester County, New York, Wetland, White Americans, William Cosby, William Cullen Bryant, William III of England, Williamsburg, Brooklyn, Winged Foot Golf Club, Winnipeg, Wireless network, Wisconsin glaciation, WNET, WNYC, Women's National Basketball Association, Woodland, Woolworth Building, Wordmark, World Almanac, World Series, World Trade Center (1973–2001), World Trade Center site, World Trade Center station (PATH), World War II, Writer, Wyckoff House, Yankee Stadium, Yankee Stadium (1923), Yellow fever, Yeshiva University, ZIP Code, Zuccotti Park, 10 Hudson Yards, 110th Street (Manhattan), 15 Hudson Yards, 1916 Zoning Resolution, 1930 PGA Championship, 1932 U.S. Open (golf), 1939 New York World's Fair, 1939 PGA Championship, 1964 New York World's Fair, 2000 United States Census, 2010 United States Census, 220 Central Park South, 3 World Trade Center, 35 Hudson Yards, 4 Times Square, 4 World Trade Center, 40 Wall Street, 432 Park Avenue, 53W53, 55 Hudson Yards, 56 Leonard Street, 7 Subway Extension, 70 Pine Street, 8 Spruce Street. 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Abstract expressionism is a post–World War II art movement in American painting, developed in New York in the 1940s.
Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations.
Accra is the capital and largest city of Ghana, covering an area of with an estimated urban population of 2.27 million.
Acute care is a branch of secondary health care where a patient receives active but short-term treatment for a severe injury or episode of illness, an urgent medical condition, or during recovery from surgery.
Addis Ababa (አዲስ አበባ,, "new flower"; or Addis Abeba (the spelling used by the official Ethiopian Mapping Authority); Finfinne "natural spring") is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia.
An administrative court is a type of court specializing in administrative law, particularly disputes concerning the exercise of public power.
Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.
Ad Age (or Advertising Age) is a global media brand publishing analysis, news and data on marketing and media.
An advertising agency, often referred to as a creative agency, is a business dedicated to creating, planning, and handling advertising and sometimes other forms of promotion and marketing for its clients.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
African Burial Ground National Monument is a monument at Duane Street and African Burial Ground Way (Elk Street) in the Civic Center section of Lower Manhattan, New York City.
The African diaspora consists of the worldwide collection of communities descended from Africa's peoples, predominantly in the Americas.
The African Free School was an institution founded by members of the New York Manumission Society on November 2, 1787, including Alexander Hamilton and John Jay.
AirTrain JFK is a 3-line, people mover system and elevated railway in New York City, serving John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens.
Al-Qaeda (القاعدة,, translation: "The Base", "The Foundation" or "The Fundament" and alternatively spelled al-Qaida, al-Qæda and sometimes al-Qa'ida) is a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization founded in 1988.
American Albanians (singular: Shqiptar i Amerikes / plural: Shqiptaret e Amerikes) are Americans of full or partial Albanian ancestry.
Albany is the capital of the U.S. state of New York and the seat of Albany County.
The Albert Einstein College of Medicine ("Einstein" for short), a joint entity between Montefiore Medical Center and Yeshiva University (until 2018), is a private, not-for-profit, sectarian medical school located in the Morris Park neighborhood of the Bronx in New York City.
Alberta is a western province of Canada.
An alderman is a member of a municipal assembly or council in many jurisdictions founded upon English law.
Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757July 12, 1804) was a statesman and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
The Algonquian are one of the most populous and widespread North American native language groups.
Alice Tully Hall is a concert hall at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in Upper West Side, Manhattan, New York City.
All in the Family is an American sitcom TV-series that was originally broadcast on the CBS television network for nine seasons, from January 1971 to April 1979.
An alternative newspaper is a type of newspaper that eschews comprehensive coverage of general news in favor of stylized reporting, opinionated reviews and columns, investigations into edgy topics and magazine-style feature stories highlighting local people and culture.
AMC is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by it namesake AMC Networks.
American Airlines Flight 11 was a domestic passenger flight that was hijacked by five al-Qaeda members on September 11, 2001, as part of the September 11 attacks.
American Atheists is a non-profit activist organization in the United States dedicated to defending the civil liberties of atheists and advocating complete separation of church and state.
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
The American Express Company, also known as Amex, is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in Three World Financial Center in New York City.
The American Institute of Architects (AIA) is a professional organization for architects in the United States.
American International Group, Inc., also known as AIG, is an American multinational finance and insurance corporation with operations in more than 80 countries and jurisdictions.
American Jews, or Jewish Americans, are Americans who are Jews, whether by religion, ethnicity or nationality.
The American Mafia (commonly referred to as the Mafia or the Mob, though "the Mob" can refer to other organized crime groups) or Italian-American Mafia, is the highly organized Italian-American criminal society.
The American Planning Association (APA) is a professional organization representing the field of urban planning in the United States.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity service in the contiguous United States and to three Canadian cities.
The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.
Anthony or Anthonij Colve (fl.1667-1695) was a Dutch naval captain and the Director-General of New Netherland during a brief restoration of Dutch rule in New Netherland (roughly present-day New York and New Jersey).
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
AOL (formerly a company known as AOL Inc., originally known as America Online, and stylized as Aol.) is a web portal and online service provider based in New York.
Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first two humans on the Moon.
The Appalachian Mountains (les Appalaches), often called the Appalachians, are a system of mountains in eastern North America.
Applied science is the application of existing scientific knowledge to practical applications, like technology or inventions.
Arab Americans (عَرَبٌ أَمْرِيكِيُّونَ or أمريكيون من أصل عربي) are Americans of Arab ethnic, cultural and linguistic heritage or identity, who identify themselves as Arab.
Archibald "Archie" Bunker is a fictional character from the 1970s American television sitcom All in the Family and its spin-off Archie Bunker's Place, played by Carroll O'Connor.
Area code 917 is an area code for all five boroughs of New York City (The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island).
Area codes 212, 646 and 332 are area codes for most of the borough of Manhattan in New York City.
North American area codes 718, 347, and 929 are New York City telephone area codes in the boroughs of The Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island, as well as the Marble Hill section of Manhattan.
An art auction or fine art auction is the sale of art works, in most cases in an auction house.
Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
An art museum or art gallery is a building or space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art.
The Articles of Confederation, formally the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, was an agreement among the 13 original states of the United States of America that served as its first constitution.
Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or simply Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכְּנַזִּים, Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation:, singular:, Modern Hebrew:; also), are a Jewish diaspora population who coalesced in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the first millennium.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent.
Asian Americans in New York City represent the largest Asian American population of any city in the United States.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
An astronaut or cosmonaut is a person trained by a human spaceflight program to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
The New York metropolitan area has the busiest airport system in the United States.
A bagel (בײגל; bajgiel), also spelled beigel, is a bread product originating in the Jewish communities of Poland.
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
The Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area is a combined statistical area consisting of the overlapping labor market region of the cities of Washington, D.C. and Baltimore, Maryland.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.
Bangladeshi Americans (Bengali: বাংলাদেশী মার্কিনী) are Americans of Bangladeshi descent.
The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is an international financial institution owned by central banks which "fosters international monetary and financial cooperation and serves as a bank for central banks".
The Bank of America Tower (BOAT) at One Bryant Park is a skyscraper in the Midtown area of Manhattan in New York City.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
Barclays Center is a multi-purpose indoor arena in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. The arena is part of a $4.9 billion future business and residential complex now known as Pacific Park. The site is at Atlantic Avenue, next to the renamed Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center subway station on the, as well as directly above the LIRR's Atlantic Terminal. The arena is home to the Brooklyn Nets of the National Basketball Association and the New York Islanders of the National Hockey League. The arena also hosts concerts, conventions and other sporting and entertainment events. It competes with other facilities in the New York metropolitan area, including Madison Square Garden in Manhattan and Prudential Center in Newark. The arena, proposed in 2004 when real estate developer Bruce Ratner purchased the Nets for $300 million as the first step of the process to build a new home for the team, experienced significant hurdles during its development. Its use of eminent domain and its potential environmental impact brought community resistance, especially as residential buildings and businesses such as the Ward Bakery were to be demolished and large amounts of public subsidies were used, which led to multiple lawsuits. The global recession of 2009 also caused financing for the project to dry up. As a result, construction was delayed until 2010, with no secure funding for the project having been allotted. Groundbreaking for construction occurred on March 11, 2010, and the arena opened on September 21, 2012, which was also attended by some 200 protesters. It held its first event with a Jay-Z concert on September 28, 2012. The arena and the Brooklyn Nets are owned by Mikhail Prokhorov's American holdings.
Barnard College is a private women's liberal arts college in New York City, New York, United States.
The Baruch College (officially, Bernard M. Baruch College) is a public research university in the Manhattan borough of New York City.
A baseball park, also known as a ballpark or diamond, is a venue where baseball is played.
Battery Park City is a mainly residential planned community on the west side of the southern tip of the island of Manhattan in New York City.
Battery Weed is a four-tiered 19th century fortification guarding the Narrows, the main approach from the Atlantic Ocean to New York City.
The Battle of Long Island is also known as the Battle of Brooklyn and the Battle of Brooklyn Heights.
In geology, bedrock is the lithified rock that lies under a loose softer material called regolith at the surface of the Earth or other terrestrial planets.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Belfast (is the capital city of Northern Ireland, located on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland.
Bellevue Hospital, founded on March 31, 1736, is the oldest public hospital in the United States.
Belmont Park is a major Thoroughbred horse-racing facility in the northeastern United States, located in just east of the limits. Opened on May 4, 1905, it is operated by the non-profit New York Racing Association, as are Aqueduct and Saratoga Race Course. The group was formed in 1955 as the Greater New York Association to assume the assets of the individual associations that ran Belmont, Aqueduct, Saratoga, and the now-defunct Jamaica Racetrack. Belmont Park is typically open for racing from late April through mid-July (known as the Spring meet), and again from mid-September through late October (the Fall meet). It is widely-known as the home of the Belmont Stakes in early June, regarded as the "Test of the Champion", the third leg of the Triple Crown. Along with Saratoga in Upstate New York, Keeneland and Churchill Downs in Kentucky, and Del Mar and Santa Anita in California, Belmont is considered one of the elite racetracks in North America. The race park's main dirt track has earned the nickname, "the Big Sandy," given its prominent overall dimensions and the deep, sometimes tiring surface. Belmont is also sometimes known as "The Championship Track" because almost every major champion in racing history since the early 20th century has competed on the racecourse – including all of the Triple Crown winners. Belmont hosted its largest crowd in 2004, when 120,139 saw Smarty Jones upset by Birdstone in its Triple Crown bid.
The Belmont Stakes is an American Grade I stakes Thoroughbred horse race held every June at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York.
Belvedere Castle is a folly in Central Park in Manhattan, New York City.
Benjamin Franklin (April 17, 1790) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
Bergen County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of New Jersey.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Biên Hòa (Northern accent:, Southern accent) is a city in Đồng Nai Province, Vietnam, about east of Hồ Chí Minh City (formerly Saigon), to which Biên Hòa is linked by Vietnam Highway 1.
A bicycle-sharing system, public bicycle system, or bike-share scheme, is a service in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals on a short term basis for a price or free.
Bill de Blasio (born Warren Wilhelm Jr.; May 8, 1961) is an American politician and civil servant who is currently serving as the 109th Mayor of New York City.
A billionaire, in countries that use the short scale number naming system, is a person with a net worth of at least one billion (1,000,000,000, i.e. a thousand million) units of a given currency, usually major currencies such as the United States dollar, the euro or the pound sterling.
Biotechnology is the broad area of science involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).
Bisexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual behavior toward both males and females, or romantic or sexual attraction to people of any sex or gender identity; this latter aspect is sometimes alternatively termed pansexuality. The term bisexuality is mainly used in the context of human attraction to denote romantic or sexual feelings toward both men and women, and the concept is one of the three main classifications of sexual orientation along with heterosexuality and homosexuality, all of which exist on the heterosexual–homosexual continuum.
The Black Spades were a mostly African-American street gang which started in the Bronx during the late 1960s and gained popularity in the 1970s.
Bloomberg L.P. is a privately held financial, software, data, and media company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
The blue hour (from French l'heure bleue) is a period of twilight in the morning and in the evening, during the civil and nautical twilight phases, when the sun is at a significant depth below the horizon and when the residual, indirect sunlight takes on a predominantly blue shade.
Bogotá, officially Bogotá, Distrito Capital, abbreviated Bogotá, D.C., and formerly known as Santafé de Bogotá between 1991 and 2000, is the capital and largest city of Colombia, administered as the Capital District, although often thought of as part of Cundinamarca.
A Bolivian American (bolivio-americanos, norteamericanos de origen boliviano or estadounidenses de origen boliviano) is an American of Bolivian descent.
New York City encompasses five county-level administrative divisions called boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, The Bronx, and Staten Island.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Bowling Green is a small public park in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City, at the southern end of Broadway, next to the site of the original Dutch fort of New Amsterdam.
Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District.
Bravo is an American cable and satellite television network, launched on December 1, 1980.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
The British Bankers' Association (BBA) was a trade association for the UK banking and financial services sector.
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
A broadcast network is a group of radio stations, television stations, or other electronic media outlets, that form an agreement to air, or broadcast, content from a centralized source.
Broadway is a road in the U.S. state of New York.
Broadway theatre,Although theater is the generally preferred spelling in the United States (see American and British English spelling differences), many Broadway venues, performers and trade groups for live dramatic presentations use the spelling theatre.
The broken windows theory is a criminological theory that visible signs of crime, anti-social behavior and civil disorder create an urban environment that encourages further crime and disorder, including serious crimes.
The Bronx River, approximately long, flows through southeast New York in the United States and drains an area of.
The Bronx Zoo is a zoo located within Bronx Park in the Bronx, a borough of New York City.
Brooklyn is the most populous borough of New York City, with a census-estimated 2,648,771 residents in 2017.
The Brooklyn Bridge is a hybrid cable-stayed/suspension bridge in New York City and is one of the oldest roadway bridges in the United States.
The Brooklyn Cyclones are a minor league baseball team based in Brooklyn, New York that plays in the Short-Season A classification New York–Penn League, affiliated with the New York Mets.
The Brooklyn Nets are an American professional basketball team based in the borough of Brooklyn, in New York City.
The Brooklyn Public Library (BPL) is the public library system of the borough of Brooklyn, in New York City.
The Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel, officially known as the Hugh L. Carey Tunnel, is a toll tunnel in New York City that connects Red Hook in Brooklyn with Battery Park in Manhattan.
Brownstone is a brown Triassic-Jurassic sandstone which was once a popular building material.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Bucharest (București) is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
Burial Ridge is a Native American archaeological site and burial ground located at Ward's Point - a bluff overlooking Raritan Bay in what is today the Tottenville section of Staten Island.
A business magnate (formally industrialist) refers to an entrepreneur of great influence, importance, or standing in a particular enterprise or field of business.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
Calgary is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
John Calvin Coolidge Jr. (July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was an American politician and the 30th President of the United States (1923–1929).
Campaign finance refers to all funds raised to promote candidates, political parties, or policy initiatives and referenda.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
A cantilever bridge is a bridge built using cantilevers, structures that project horizontally into space, supported on only one end.
Cape Cod is a geographic cape extending into the Atlantic Ocean from the southeastern corner of mainland Massachusetts, in the northeastern United States.
Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
In economics, capital consists of an asset that can enhance one's power to perform economically useful work.
A capital market is a financial market in which long-term debt (over a year) or equity-backed securities are bought and sold.
The Captaincy General of Santo Domingo (Capitanía General de Santo Domingo) was the first colony in the New World and was claimed for Spain.
Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital and centre of the Greater Caracas Area, and the largest city of Venezuela.
A carbon footprint is historically defined as the total emissions caused by an individual, event, organisation, or product, expressed as carbon dioxide equivalent.
In economics, cargo or freight are goods or produce being conveyed – generally for commercial gain – by water, air or land.
A cargo ship or freighter ship is any sort of ship or vessel that carries cargo, goods, and materials from one port to another.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Caribbean immigration to New York City has been prevalent since the early 1900s.
Carnegie Hall (but more commonly) is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, United States, located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east side of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street, two blocks south of Central Park.
Carnegie Hill is a neighborhood within the Upper East Side, in the borough of Manhattan in New York City.
Carpooling (also car-sharing, ride-sharing and lift-sharing) is the sharing of car journeys so that more than one person travels in a car, and prevents the need for others to have to drive to a location themselves.
John Carroll O'Connor (August 2, 1924 – June 21, 2001) was an American actor, producer, and director whose television career spanned four decades.
Castle Clinton or Fort Clinton, previously known as Castle Garden, is a circular sandstone fort now located in Battery Park, in Manhattan, New York City.
The Catholic Church in the United States is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in communion with the Pope in Rome.
The Catskill Mountains, also known as the Catskills, are a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian Mountains, located in southeastern New York.
Córdoba is a city in the geographical center of Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas on the Suquía River, about northwest of the Buenos Aires.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
Celgene Corporation is an American biotechnology company that discovers, develops and commercializes medicines for cancer and inflammatory disorders.
Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.
Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.
Central New York is the central region of New York State, roughly including the following counties and cities: Under this definition, the region has a population of about 1,177,073, and includes the Syracuse metropolitan area.
Central Park is an urban park in Manhattan, New York City.
The Central Park Conservancy is a private, nonprofit organization that manages Central Park under a contract with the City of New York and NYC Parks.
Central Park Tower (also known as the Nordstrom Tower and 225 West 57th Street, its address) is a supertall mixed-use commercial/residential project being developed by the Extell Development Company and Shanghai Municipal Investment Group in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, in the U.S. state of New York.
The Central Park Zoo is a small zoo located in Central Park in New York City.
Changwon is the capital city of Gyeongsangnam-do, on the southeast coast of South Korea.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Charles V (Carlos; Karl; Carlo; Karel; Carolus; 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and the Spanish Empire (as Charles I of Spain) from 1516, as well as of the lands of the former Duchy of Burgundy from 1506.
Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
A charter school is a school that receives government funding but operates independently of the established state school system in which it is located.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
The Chicago "L" (short for "elevated") is the rapid transit system serving the city of Chicago and some of its surrounding suburbs in the U.S. state of Illinois.
The Chicago metropolitan area, or Chicagoland, is the metropolitan area that includes the city of Chicago, Illinois, and its suburbs.
A chief mate (C/M) or chief officer, usually also synonymous with the first mate or first officer (except on passenger liners, which often carry both), is a licensed member and head of the deck department of a merchant ship.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
A Chinatown is an ethnic enclave of Chinese or Han people located outside mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, or Taiwan, most often in an urban setting.
Manhattan's Chinatown is a neighborhood in Lower Manhattan, New York City, bordering the Lower East Side to its east, Little Italy to its north, Civic Center to its south, and Tribeca to its west.
The first Brooklyn Chinatown, was originally established in the Sunset Park area of the New York City borough of Brooklyn.
There are multiple Chinatowns in the borough of Queens in New York City.
Chinese Americans, which includes American-born Chinese, are Americans who have full or partial Chinese ancestry.
Waves of Chinese emigration (also known as the Chinese diaspora) have happened throughout history.
The New York metropolitan area is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, constituting the largest metropolitan Asian American group in the United States and the largest Asian-national metropolitan diaspora in the Western Hemisphere.
A Chinese restaurant is an establishment that serves Chinese cuisine outside China.
Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brown food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted and ground.
A chocolatier is a person or company who makes confectionery from chocolate.
Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.
Christianity is the most adhered to religion in the United States, with 75% of polled American adults identifying themselves as Christian in 2015.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco–style skyscraper located on the East Side of Midtown Manhattan in New York City, at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue in the Turtle Bay neighborhood of Manhattan.
A citadel is the core fortified area of a town or city.
Citi Field is a baseball park located in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park in the New York City borough of Queens.
Citibank is the consumer division of financial services multinational Citigroup.
Citigroup Inc. or Citi (stylized as citi) is an American multinational investment bank and financial services corporation headquartered in New York City.
The City of Greater New York was the term used by many politicians and scholars for the expanded City of New York created on January 1, 1898, by consolidating the existing City of New York with the East Bronx, Brooklyn, western Queens County, and Staten Island.
City Parks Foundation is dedicated to invigorating and transforming parks into dynamic, vibrant centers of urban life through sports, arts, community building and education programs for all New Yorkers.
The City University of New York (CUNY) is the public university system of New York City, and the largest urban university system in the United States.
The Civic Center is the area of lower Manhattan, New York City, that encompasses New York City Hall, One Police Plaza, the courthouses in Foley Square, and the surrounding area.
A civilian is "a person who is not a member of the military or of a police or firefighting force".
Clay Pit Ponds State Park Preserve is state park located near the southwestern shore of Staten Island, New York.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
A clinic (or outpatient clinic or ambulatory care clinic) is a healthcare facility that is primarily focused on the care of outpatients.
Clothing industry or garment industry summarizes the types of trade and industry along the production and life chain of clothing and garments, starting with the textile industry (producers of cotton, wool, fur, and synthetic fibre) via fashion industry to fashion retailers up to trade with second-hand clothes and textile recycling.
Co-op City (short for Cooperative City), located in the Baychester section of the borough of the Bronx in northeast New York City, is the largest cooperative housing development in the world.
A coffeehouse, coffee shop or café (sometimes spelt cafe) is an establishment which primarily serves hot coffee, related coffee beverages (café latte, cappuccino, espresso), tea, and other hot beverages.
The Twin Towers of the World Trade Center (WTC) collapsed on September 11, 2001, as a result of being struck by two jet airliners hijacked by 10 terrorists affiliated with al-Qaeda, during the September 11 attacks.
The College of Mount Saint Vincent (CMSV) is a Catholic liberal arts college located in the northwest corner of the Riverdale section of The Bronx, New York, adjacent to the Yonkers border.
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
Colombian Americans (Colomboamericanos), are Americans who trace their ancestry to Colombia.
In history, a colony is a territory under the immediate complete political control of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
A combined statistical area (CSA) is composed of adjacent metropolitan (MSA) and micropolitan statistical areas (µSA) in the United States and Puerto Rico that can demonstrate economic or social linkage.
Comedy Central is an American basic cable and satellite television channel owned by Viacom Global Entertainment Group, a unit of the Viacom Media Networks division of Viacom.
A commercial bank is an institution that provides services such as accepting deposits, providing business loans, and offering basic investment products.
The Commissioners' Plan of 1811 was the original design for the streets of Manhattan above Houston Street and below 155th Street, which put in place the rectangular grid plan of streets and lots that has defined Manhattan to this day.
A community college is a type of educational institution.
Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis.
Commuting is periodically recurring travel between one's place of residence and place of work, or study, and in doing so exceed the boundary of their residential community.
CompStat—or COMPSTAT—(short for COMPare STATistics, which was the computer file name of the original program) is a combination of management, philosophy, and organizational management tools for police departments.
Coney Island is a peninsular residential neighborhood, beach, and leisure/entertainment destination of Long Island on the Coney Island Channel, which is part of the Lower Bay in the southwestern part of the borough of Brooklyn in New York City.
The Conference House (also known as "Billop House") was built before 1680 and is located near the southernmost tip of New York State on Staten Island, which became known as "Billop's Point" in the 18th century.
Conference House Park is a park in the Tottenville section of Staten Island, New York, one of the boroughs of New York City.
The Congress of the Confederation, or the Confederation Congress, formally referred to as the United States in Congress Assembled, was the governing body of the United States of America that existed from March 1, 1781, to March 4, 1789.
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
The Conservatory Garden is the only formal garden in Central Park, New York City, and located approximately between 104th and 106th street, by Fifth Avenue.
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
A consul is an official representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consul's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the people of the two countries.
The contiguous United States or officially the conterminous United States consists of the 48 adjoining U.S. states plus Washington, D.C. on the continent of North America.
A controlled-access highway is a type of highway which has been designed for high-speed vehicular traffic, with all traffic flow and ingress/egress regulated.
The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, commonly known as Cooper Union or The Cooper Union and informally referred to, especially during the 19th century, as "the Cooper Institute", is a private college at Cooper Square on the border of the East Village neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City.
Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.
The Copenhagen Metro (Københavns Metro) is a 24/7 rapid transit system in Copenhagen, Denmark, serving the municipalities of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, and Tårnby.
Cornelis Evertsen the Youngest (Vlissingen, 16 November 1642 – 16 November 1706) is a Dutch admiral from the 17th century.
Cornell Tech is an engineering campus located on Roosevelt Island in Manhattan, New York City.
Cornell University is a private and statutory Ivy League research university located in Ithaca, New York.
The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) is an international body in the field of tall buildings and sustainable urban design.
In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority.
The American crack epidemic was a surge of crack cocaine use in major cities across the United States between the early 1980s and the early 1990s.
The Croton Falls Reservoir is a small reservoir in the Putnam County, New York townships of Carmel, and Southeast, roughly north of New York City.
Cuernavaca (kʷawˈnaːwak "near the woods") is the capital and largest city of the state of Morelos in Mexico.
Cultural diversity is the quality of diverse or different cultures, as opposed to monoculture, the global monoculture, or a homogenization of cultures, akin to cultural decay.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
Curitiba (Tupi: "Pine Nut Land") is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Paraná.
Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, exercise or sport.
Czech Americans (Čechoameričané), known in the 19th and early 20th century as Bohemian Americans, are citizens of the United States who are of Czech descent.
Düsseldorf (Low Franconian, Ripuarian: Düsseldörp), often Dusseldorf in English sources, is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the seventh most populous city in Germany. Düsseldorf is an international business and financial centre, renowned for its fashion and trade fairs.
Deindustrialization or deindustrialisation is a process of social and economic change caused by the removal or reduction of industrial capacity or activity in a country or region, especially heavy industry or manufacturing industry.
Delaware Bay is the estuary outlet of the Delaware River on the Northeast seaboard of the United States.
A delegate is someone who attends or communicates the ideas of or acts on behalf of an organization at a meeting or conference between organizations, which may be at the same level or involved in a common field of work or interest.
Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Central Asia is a diverse land with many ethnic groups, languages, religions and tribes.
Design is the creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object, system or measurable human interaction (as in architectural blueprints, engineering drawings, business processes, circuit diagrams, and sewing patterns).
Dhaka (or; ঢাকা); formerly known as Dacca is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh.
A digital billboard is a billboard that displays digital images that are changed by a computer every few seconds.
Digital media are any media that are encoded in machine-readable formats.
A diner is a small restaurant found predominantly in the Northeastern United States and Midwest, as well as in other parts of the US, Canada, and parts of Western Europe.
Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.
This is a list of Directors, appointed by the Dutch West India Company, of the 17th century Dutch province of New Netherland (Nieuw-Nederland in Dutch) in North America.
Disco is a musical style that emerged in the mid 1960s and early 1970s from America's urban nightlife scene, where it originated in house parties and makeshift discothèques, reaching its peak popularity between the mid-1970s and early 1980s.
Ditmas Park is a neighborhood in western Flatbush in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, east of Kensington, and is one of three Flatbush neighborhoods which have been officially designated Historic Districts.
Dominican Americans (domínico-americanos, norteamericanos de origen dominicano or estadounidenses de origen dominicano) are Americans who trace their ancestry to the Dominican Republic.
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
Douglaston is an upper middle class community in the New York City borough of Queens.
Downtown Brooklyn is the third largest central business district in New York City, United States (following Midtown Manhattan and Lower Manhattan), and is located in the northwestern section of the borough of Brooklyn.
A drag queen is a person who usually dresses in hyper-feminized or gender non-conforming clothing, and often acts with exaggerated femininity and in feminine gender roles for the purpose of entertainment.
A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water.
Dubai (دبي) is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
The Duke of York is a title of nobility in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.
The Dutch guilder (gulden) or fl. was the currency of the Netherlands from the 17th century until 2002, when it was replaced by the euro.
The Dutch Reformed Church (in or NHK) was the largest Christian denomination in the Netherlands from the onset of the Protestant Reformation until 1930.
The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.
Dutch West India Company (Geoctroyeerde Westindische Compagnie, or GWIC; Chartered West India Company) was a chartered company (known as the "WIC") of Dutch merchants as well as foreign investors.
East Harlem, also known as Spanish Harlem or El Barrio, is a neighborhood of Upper Manhattan, New York City roughly encompassing the area north of the Upper East Side and East 96th Street up to about the 140s, east of Fifth Avenue to the East and Harlem Rivers.
The East River is a salt water tidal estuary in New York City.
East Rutherford is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States.
East Side Access is a public works project under construction by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) in New York City.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, Panama in Central America, and the Caribbean Islands.
Ebbets Field was a Major League Baseball stadium in the Crown Heights, Brooklyn section of Brooklyn, New York City.
Economic inequality is the difference found in various measures of economic well-being among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among countries.
The economy of New York City encompasses the largest municipal and regional economy in the United States.
The economy of the United States is a highly developed mixed economy.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Ecuadorian Americans (ecuatorio-americanos, norteamericanos de origen ecuatoriano or estadounidenses de origen ecuatoriano) are Americans of full or partial Ecuadorian ancestry.
Edgar Allan Poe (born Edgar Poe; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American writer, editor, and literary critic.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Edmonton (Cree: Amiskwaciy Waskahikan; Blackfoot: Omahkoyis) is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta.
Edward Harrigan (October 26, 1844 – June 6, 1911), sometimes called Ned Harrigan, was an Irish-American actor, singer, dancer, playwright, lyricist and theater producer who, together with Tony Hart (as Harrigan & Hart), formed one of the most celebrated theatrical partnerships of the 19th century.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
El Diario Nueva York is the largest and the oldest Spanish-language daily in the United States.
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.
Eli Lilly and Company is a global pharmaceutical company headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana, with offices in 18 countries.
Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay, was the gateway for over 12 million immigrants to the U.S. as the United States' busiest immigrant inspection station for over 60 years from 1892 until 1954.
The Emancipation Proclamation, or Proclamation 95, was a presidential proclamation and executive order issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863.
Emergency medical services, also known as ambulance services or paramedic services (abbreviated to the initialism EMS, EMAS, EMARS or SAMU in some countries), are a type of emergency service dedicated to providing out-of-hospital acute medical care, transport to definitive care, and other medical transport to patients with illnesses and injuries which prevent the patient from transporting themselves.
Emergency medical technician (EMT) and ambulance technician are terms used in some countries to denote a health care provider of emergency medical services.
An Emmy Award, or simply Emmy, is an American award that recognizes excellence in the television industry, and is the equivalent of an Academy Award (for film), the Tony Award (for theater), and the Grammy Award (for music).
The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
Empire State Development (ESD) is the umbrella organization for New York's two principal economic development public-benefit corporations, the New York State Urban Development Corporation (UDC) and the Job Development Authority (JDA).
Emporis GmbH is a real estate data mining company with headquarters in Hamburg, Germany.
The Encyclopedia of Homosexuality (1990) was edited by Wayne R. Dynes, with the assistance of associate editors William A. Percy, Warren Johansson, and Stephen Donaldson.
English Americans, also referred to as Anglo-Americans, are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England, a country that is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The English are a nation and an ethnic group native to England who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn ("family of the Angles"). Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD. England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens. Historically, the English population is descended from several peoples the earlier Celtic Britons (or Brythons) and the Germanic tribes that settled in Britain following the withdrawal of the Romans, including Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians. Collectively known as the Anglo-Saxons, they founded what was to become England (from the Old English Englaland) along with the later Danes, Anglo-Normans and other groups. In the Acts of Union 1707, the Kingdom of England was succeeded by the Kingdom of Great Britain. Over the years, English customs and identity have become fairly closely aligned with British customs and identity in general. Today many English people have recent forebears from other parts of the United Kingdom, while some are also descended from more recent immigrants from other European countries and from the Commonwealth. The English people are the source of the English language, the Westminster system, the common law system and numerous major sports such as cricket, football, rugby union, rugby league and tennis. These and other English cultural characteristics have spread worldwide, in part as a result of the former British Empire.
Entrepreneurship is the process of designing, launching and running a new business, which is often initially a small business.
An entrepreneurial ecosystem or entrepreneurship ecosystem refers to the social and economic environment affecting the local/regional entrepreneurship.
An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time, usually two weeks or less.
The Erie Canal is a canal in New York, United States that is part of the east–west, cross-state route of the New York State Canal System (formerly known as the New York State Barge Canal).
Estêvão Gomes, also known in the Spanish versions of his name as Estevan Gómez or Esteban Gómez (Porto, Kingdom of Portugal, c. 1483 - Paraguay River, 1538), was a Portuguese cartographer and explorer.
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
European Americans (also referred to as Euro-Americans) are Americans of European ancestry.
European emigration can be defined as subsequent emigration waves from the European continent to other continents.
Evacuation Day on November 25 marks the day in 1783 when British troops departed from New York City on Manhattan Island, after the end of the American Revolutionary War.
Falafel or felafelOxford University Press,, Oxford Dictionaries Online, Retrieved 2017-06-26.
Fashion is a popular style, especially in clothing, footwear, lifestyle products, accessories, makeup, hairstyle and body.
A fashion capital is a city which has a major influence on international fashion trends and in which the design, production and retailing of fashion products – plus events such as fashion weeks, awards and trade fairs – generate significant economic output.
The Fashion Institute of Technology (FIT) is a public college in Manhattan, New York.
fDi Magazine is an English-language bi-monthly news and foreign direct investment (FDI) publication, providing an up-to-date review of global investment activity.
A feature film is a film (also called a motion picture or movie) with a running time long enough to be considered the principal or sole film to fill a program.
Federal Hall is the name given to the first of two historic buildings located at 26 Wall Street, New York City.
Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States federal government for use in computer systems by non-military government agencies and government contractors.
The federal judiciary of the United States is one of the three co-equal branches of the federal government of the United States organized under the United States Constitution and laws of the federal government.
Fernando Wood (June 14, 1812 – February 14, 1881) was an American politician of the Democratic Party and the 73rd and 75th mayor of New York City; he also served as a United States Representative (1841–1843, 1863–1865, and 1867–1881) and as Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means in both the 45th and 46th Congress (1877–1881).
A Ferris wheel (sometimes called a big wheel, observation wheel, or, in the case of the very tallest examples, giant wheel) is an amusement ride consisting of a rotating upright wheel with multiple passenger-carrying components (commonly referred to as passenger cars, cabins, tubs, capsules, gondolas, or pods) attached to the rim in such a way that as the wheel turns, they are kept upright, usually by gravity.
A ferry is a merchant vessel used to carry passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a body of water.
Fiber-optic communication is a method of transmitting information from one place to another by sending pulses of light through an optical fiber.
Fifth Avenue is a major thoroughfare in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, United States.
Filipinos in the New York metropolitan area constitute one of the fastest growing ethnicities in the of the United States, attracted to the area's massive population and its attendant economic opportunities and cultural offerings.
The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking, i.e., film production companies, film studios, cinematography, animation, film production, screenwriting, pre-production, post production, film festivals, distribution; and actors, film directors, and other film crew personnel.
Filmmaking (or, in an academic context, film production) is the process of making a film, generally in the sense of films intended for extensive theatrical exhibition.
A financial centre is a location that is home to a cluster of nationally or internationally significant financial services providers such as banks, investment managers, or stock exchanges.
The World Economic Forum publishes a Financial Development Index annually, which measures and analyses the factors enabling the development of financial systems among different economies.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan, also known as FiDi, is a neighborhood located on the southern tip of Manhattan Island, where the City of New York itself originated in 1624.
Financial technology (FinTech or fintech) is the new technology and innovation that aims to compete with traditional financial methods in the delivery of financial services.
Fiorello Henry La Guardia (born Fiorello Enrico La Guardia) (December 11, 1882September 20, 1947) was an American politician.
A fire department (American English) or fire brigade (British English), also known as a fire protection district, fire authority or fire and rescue service is an organization that primarily provides firefighting services for a specific geographic area.
Fire protection is the study and practice of mitigating the unwanted effects of potentially destructive fires.
A firefighter is a rescuer extensively trained in firefighting, primarily to extinguish hazardous fires that threaten life, property and the environment as well as to rescue people and animals from dangerous situations.
A fiscal year (or financial year, or sometimes budget year) is the period used by governments for accounting and budget purposes, which vary between countries.
The Five Families are the five major New York City organized crime families of the Italian American Mafia.
Five Points (or The Five Points) was a 19th-century neighborhood in Lower Manhattan, New York City.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, often referred to as Flushing Meadows Park, or simply Flushing Meadows, is a public park in New York City.
Flushing is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Queens in the United States.
Foley Square is a street intersection and green space in the Civic Center neighborhood of Lower Manhattan, New York City and – by extension – the surrounding area, which is dominated by civic buildings.
Food Network is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by Television Food Network, G.P., a joint venture and general partnership between Discovery Inc. (which owns 70% of the network) and the Tribune Company (which owns the remaining 30%).
Forbes is an American business magazine.
Fordham University is a private research university in New York City.
Foreign-born (also non-native) people are those born outside of their country of residence.
A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.
Historic Fort Hamilton is located in the southwestern corner of the New York City borough of Brooklyn surrounded by the communities of Bay Ridge and Dyker Heights, and is one of several posts that are part of the region which is headquartered by the Military District of Washington.
Fort Tilden, also known as Fort Tilden Historic District, is a former United States Army installation on the coast in the New York City borough of Queens.
Fort Tompkins is a fort on Staten Island in New York City, within what is now Fort Wadsworth at the Narrows.
Fort Totten is a former active United States Army installation in the New York City borough of Queens.
Fort Wadsworth is a former United States military installation on Staten Island in New York City, situated on The Narrows which divide New York Bay into Upper and Lower halves, a natural point for defense of the Upper Bay and Manhattan beyond.
The Fortune 500 is an annual list compiled and published by Fortune magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for their respective fiscal years.
The Forty Thieves — likely named after Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves — were formed in 1825 and alleged to be the first known and oldest New York City criminal street gang.
A foundation (or, more commonly, base) is the element of an architectural structure which connects it to the ground, and transfers loads from the structure to the ground.
The Founding Fathers of the United States led the American Revolution against the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Four Seasons Hotel New York Downtown, also known as 30 Park Place, is a hotel and residential skyscraper in Tribeca, Manhattan, New York City.
Fox News (officially known as the Fox News Channel, commonly abbreviated to FNC) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel owned by the Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
A freedman or freedwoman is a former slave who has been released from slavery, usually by legal means.
Freedom, generally, is having an ability to act or change without constraint.
Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the principle that communication and expression through various media, including printed and electronic media, especially published materials, should be considered a right to be exercised freely.
Freestyle is a form of electronic dance music that emerged in the United States in the 1980s.
French Americans (French: Franco-Américains) are citizens or nationals of the United States who identify themselves with having full or partial French or French Canadian heritage, ethnicity, and/or ancestral ties.
Fresh water (or freshwater) is any naturally occurring water except seawater and brackish water.
The fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur.
A Gaelic Athletic Association county is a geographic region within the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA), controlled by a county board and originally based on the 32 counties of Ireland as they were in 1884.
Gaelic games in North America includes gaelic football and hurling played in the United States and Canada.
The Gaelic Park Sports Centre (Páirc na nGael), often abbreviated Gaelic Park, is a multi-purpose outdoor athletics facility, located at West 240th Street and Broadway in Riverdale, Bronx, in New York City in the U.S. state of New York.
Game design is the art of applying design and aesthetics to create a game for entertainment or for educational, exercise, or experimental purposes.
A gang is a group of associates, friends or members of a family with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over territory in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior.
The garden city movement is a method of urban planning in which self-contained communities are surrounded by "greenbelts", containing proportionate areas of residences, industry, and agriculture.
Gateway National Recreation Area is a National Recreation Area in the Port of New York and New Jersey, U.S.A. Scattered over Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island, New York, and Monmouth County, New Jersey, it provides recreational opportunities that are rare for a dense urban environment, including ocean swimming, bird watching, boating, hiking and camping.
The Gateway Region is located in Northeastern New Jersey, United States.
The gay liberation movement of the late 1960s through the mid-1980s urged lesbians and gay men to engage in radical direct action, and to counter societal shame with gay pride.
Geena Rocero (born 1983 or 1984) is a Filipino American supermodel, TED speaker, and transgender advocate based in New York City.
General American (abbreviated as GA or GenAm) is the umbrella variety of American English—the continuum of accents—spoken by a majority of Americans and popularly perceived, among Americans, as lacking any distinctly regional, ethnic, or socioeconomic characteristics.
General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
Gentrification is a process of renovation of deteriorated urban neighborhoods by means of the influx of more affluent residents.
The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories.
Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ gê "earth, land" and πολιτική politikḗ "politics") is the study of the effects of geography (human and physical) on politics and international relations.
George II (George Augustus; Georg II.; 30 October / 9 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death in 1760.
George Michael Cohan (July 3, 1878November 5, 1942), known professionally as George M. Cohan, was an American entertainer, playwright, composer, lyricist, actor, singer, dancer and producer.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
The George Washington Bridge is a double-decked suspension bridge spanning the Hudson River between the Washington Heights neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City, and the borough of Fort Lee in New Jersey.
German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are Americans who have full or partial German ancestry.
German diaspora (Deutschstämmige; also, under National Socialism: Volksdeutsche) are ethnic Germans and their descendants living outside Germany.
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
Gifted education (also known as Gifted and Talented Education (GATE), Talented and Gifted (TAG), or G/T) is a broad term for special practices, procedures, and theories used in the education of children who have been identified as gifted or talented.
The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History was founded in New York City by businessmen-philanthropists Richard Gilder and Lewis E. Lehrman in 1994 to promote the study and interest in American history.
In economics, the Gini coefficient (sometimes expressed as a Gini ratio or a normalized Gini index) is a measure of statistical dispersion intended to represent the income or wealth distribution of a nation's residents, and is the most commonly used measurement of inequality.
Giovanni da Verrazzano (sometimes also incorrectly spelled Verrazano) (1485–1528) was an Italian explorer of North America, in the service of King Francis I of France.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city which is a primary node in the global economic network.
The Global Language Monitor (GLM) is an Austin, Texas-based company that collectively documents, analyzes, and tracks trends in language usage worldwide, with a particular emphasis upon the English language.
Godiva Chocolatier is a Belgian manufacturer of chocolates and related products.
The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. is an American multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered in New York City.
Google Books (previously known as Google Book Search and Google Print and by its codename Project Ocean) is a service from Google Inc. that searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition (OCR), and stored in its digital database.
The Gotham Gazette is an online publication of the Citizens Union Foundation of the City of New York, a government watchdog group focusing on issues confronting New York City.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
Governors Island is a island in New York Harbor, approximately from the southern tip of Manhattan Island and separated from Brooklyn by Buttermilk Channel, approximately.
Governors Island National Monument, a unit of the US National park system, is located in New York City on of Governors Island, a island located a few hundred meters off the southern tip of Manhattan Island at the confluence of the Hudson and East Rivers in New York Harbor.
A graduate school (sometimes shortened as grad school) is a school that awards advanced academic degrees (i.e. master's and doctoral degrees) with the general requirement that students must have earned a previous undergraduate (bachelor's) degree with a high grade point average.
The Grand Central Parkway (GCP) is a 14.61-mile (23.51 km) long parkway that stretches from the Triborough Bridge in New York City to Nassau County on Long Island.
Grand Central Terminal (GCT; also referred to as Grand Central Station or simply as Grand Central) is a commuter and intercity railroad terminal at 42nd Street and Park Avenue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, United States.
The Grand Concourse (originally known as the Grand Boulevard and Concourse) is a major thoroughfare in the borough of the Bronx in New York City.
The Grand Slam tournaments, also called majors, are the four most important annual tennis events.
Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.
Grant's Tomb, formally known as General Grant National Memorial, is the final resting place of Ulysses S. Grant (1822–1885), the 18th President of the United States, and his wife, Julia Dent Grant (1826–1902).
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
The Great Famine (an Gorta Mór) or the Great Hunger was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1849.
The 1835 Great Fire of New York was one of three fires that rendered extensive damage to New York City in the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Great Fire of New York was a devastating fire that burned through the night of September 20, 1776, and into the morning of September 21, on the West Side of what then constituted New York City at the southern end of the island of Manhattan.
Great Kills Park in Great Kills, Staten Island, is a part of the Staten Island unit of Gateway National Recreation Area.
The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.
The Great Migration was the movement of 6 million African-Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1916 and 1970.
Greek Americans (Ελληνοαμερικανοί, Ellinoamerikanoi) are Americans of full or partial Greek ancestry.
Green building (also known as green construction or sustainable building) refers to both a structure and the application of processes that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle: from planning to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition.
A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.
The Greenpoint oil spill is one of the largest oil spills ever recorded in the United States.
Greenwich Village often referred to by locals as simply "the Village", is a neighborhood on the west side of Lower Manhattan, New York City.
Gross metropolitan product (GMP) is a monetary measure of the value of all final goods and services produced within a metropolitan statistical area during a specified period (e.g., a quarter, a year).
Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.
Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.
Guyanese Americans are Americans who can trace their ancestry back to Guyana.
Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Hamilton Grange National Memorial, also known as The Grange or the Hamilton Grange Mansion, is a National Park Service site in St. Nicholas Park, Manhattan, New York City, that preserves the relocated home of U.S. Founding Father Alexander Hamilton.
Hardcore punk (often abbreviated to hardcore) is a punk rock music genre and subculture that originated in the late 1970s.
A hardiness zone is a geographic area defined to encompass a certain range of climatic conditions relevant to plant growth and survival.
Haredi Judaism (חֲרֵדִי,; also spelled Charedi, plural Haredim or Charedim) is a broad spectrum of groups within Orthodox Judaism, all characterized by a rejection of modern secular culture.
Harlem is a large neighborhood in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan.
The Harlem Renaissance was an intellectual, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem, New York, spanning the 1920s.
The Harlem River is an tidal strait flowing between the Hudson River and the East River and separating the island of Manhattan from the Bronx on the New York mainland.
Harrison is a town in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States.
Haute cuisine (French: literally "high cooking") or grande cuisine refers to the cuisine of "high-level" establishments, gourmet restaurants and luxury hotels.
Home Box Office (HBO) is an American premium cable and satellite television network of Home Box Office, Inc..
Headquarters (commonly referred to as HQ or HD) is/are the locations where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are coordinated.
The United Nations is headquartered in New York City, in a complex designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer and built by the architectural firm Harrison & Abramovitz.
Hearst Communications, often referred to simply as Hearst, is an American mass media and business information conglomerate based in New York City, New York.
The Hearst Tower is a building with the addresses of 300 West 57th Street and 959 Eighth Avenue, near Columbus Circle, in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
A hedge fund is an investment fund that pools capital from accredited individuals or institutional investors and invests in a variety of assets, often with complex portfolio-construction and risk-management techniques.
Heidelberg is a college town in Baden-Württemberg situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany.
Helsinki (or;; Helsingfors) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.
Hempstead is a village located in the town of Hempstead, Nassau County, New York, United States.
Henry Hudson (1565–1611) was an English sea explorer and navigator during the early 17th century, best known for his explorations of present-day Canada and parts of the northeastern United States.
Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist, short story writer, and poet of the American Renaissance period.
High technology, often abbreviated to high tech (adjective forms high-technology, high-tech or hi-tech) is technology that is at the cutting edge: the most advanced technology available.
A high-rise building is a tall building, as opposed to a low-rise building and is defined by its height differently in various jurisdictions.
High-tech architecture, also known as Structural Expressionism, is a type of Late Modern architectural style that emerged in the 1970s, incorporating elements of high-tech industry and technology into building design.
Higher education (also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education) is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.
A Hindu temple is a symbolic house, seat and body of god.
Hindu Temple Society of North America, representing Sri Maha Vallabha Ganapati Devasthanam, (Sanskrit: श्री महावल्लभ गणपति देवस्थानम्), at 45–57 Bowne Street, Flushing, Queens, in New York City, claims to be the very first of the traditional Hindu temples in the USA.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Hip hop, or hip-hop, is a subculture and art movement developed in the Bronx in New York City during the late 1970s.
Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans (Estadounidenses hispanos) are people in the United States who are descendants of people from countries of Latin America and Spain.
The Brooklyn Dodgers were an American Major League baseball team, active primarily in the National League from 1884 until 1957, after which the club moved to Los Angeles, where it continues its history as the Los Angeles Dodgers.
The San Francisco Giants of Major League Baseball originated in New York City as the New York Gothams in 1883 and were known as the New York Giants from 1885 until the team relocated to San Francisco after the season.
Ho Chi Minh City (Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; or; formerly Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville), also widely known by its former name of Saigon (Sài Gòn; or), is the largest city in Vietnam by population.
Hoboken (Unami: Hupokàn) is a city in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States.
Hofstra University is a private, non-profit, nonsectarian university in Hempstead, New York.
The Holland Tunnel is a vehicular tunnel under the Hudson River.
Homicide is the act of one human killing another.
A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same (to varying extent) as another word but differs in meaning.
Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras (República de Honduras), is a republic in Central America.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
A hot dog (also spelled hotdog), also known as a frankfurter (sometimes shortened to frank), dog, or wiener, is a cooked sausage, traditionally grilled or steamed and served in a partially sliced bun.
A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-term basis.
A housing cooperative, co-op, or housing company (especially in Finland), is a legal entity, usually a cooperative or a corporation, which owns real estate, consisting of one or more residential buildings; it is one type of housing tenure.
Hudson County, a county in the U.S. state of New Jersey, lies west of the lower Hudson River, which was named for Henry Hudson, the sea captain who explored the area in 1609.
The Hudson River is a river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York in the United States.
The Hudson Valley comprises the valley of the Hudson River and its adjacent communities in the U.S. state of New York, from the cities of Albany and Troy southward to Yonkers in Westchester County.
Human impact on the environment or anthropogenic impact on the environment includes changes to biophysical environments and ecosystems, biodiversity, and natural resources caused directly or indirectly by humans, including global warming, environmental degradation (such as ocean acidification), mass extinction and biodiversity loss, ecological crises, and ecological collapse.
A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.
Hungarian Americans (Hungarian: amerikai magyarok) are Americans of Hungarian descent.
Hurricane Sandy (unofficially referred to as Superstorm Sandy) was the deadliest and most destructive hurricane of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season.
A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is a type of hybrid vehicle that combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) system with an electric propulsion system (hybrid vehicle drivetrain).
I Love New York (stylized I ❤ NY) is a slogan, a logo and a song that are the basis of an advertising campaign used since 1977 to promote tourism in the state of New York, including New York City.
An -beam, also known as H-beam (for universal column, UC), w-beam (for "wide flange"), universal beam (UB), rolled steel joist (RSJ), or double-T (especially in Polish, Bulgarian, Spanish, Italian and German), is a beam with an or H-shaped cross-section.
The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), formerly Mount Sinai School of Medicine, is a medical school in New York City, New York.
An ice rink (or ice skating rink) is a frozen body of water and/or hardened chemicals where people can ice skate or play winter sports.
An ice sheet is a mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than, this is also known as continental glacier.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
Immigration to the United States is the international movement of individuals who are not natives or do not possess citizenship in order to settle, reside, study, or work in the country.
An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with respective income or profits (taxable income).
An indentured servant or indentured laborer is an employee (indenturee) within a system of unfree labor who is bound by a signed or forced contract (indenture) to work for a particular employer for a fixed time.
An independent film, independent movie, indie film or indie movie is a feature film that is produced outside the major film studio system, in addition to being produced and distributed by independent entertainment companies.
Indian Americans or Indo-Americans are Americans whose ancestry belongs to any of the many ethnic groups of the Republic of India.
Indianapolis is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County.
Indians in the New York City metropolitan region constitute one of the largest and fastest growing ethnicities in the New York City metropolitan area of the United States.
Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.
Innovation can be defined simply as a "new idea, device or method".
Intellectual capital is the intangible value of a business, covering its people (human capital), the value inherent in its relationships (Relational capital), and everything that is left when the employees go home (Structural capital), of which Intellectual property (IP) is but one component.
Inter-city rail services are express passenger train services that cover longer distances than commuter or regional trains.
An intercity bus service (North American English) or intercity coach service (British English and Commonwealth English), also called a long-distance, express, over-the-road, commercial, long-haul, or highway bus or coach service, is a public transport service using coaches to carry passengers significant distances between different cities, towns, or other populated areas.
Interleague play in Major League Baseball refers to regular-season baseball games played between an American League (AL) team and a National League (NL) team.
The International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU) was once one of the largest labor unions in the United States, one of the first U.S. unions to have a primarily female membership, and a key player in the labor history of the 1920s and 1930s.
The International Style is the name of a major architectural style that developed in the 1920s and 1930s and strongly related to Modernism and Modern architecture.
International Transgender Day of Visibility is an annual event occurring on March 31 dedicated to celebrating transgender people and raising awareness of discrimination faced by transgender people worldwide.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and nearly three million public-domain books.
The Interpublic Group of Companies, Inc. (IPG) is an American publicly traded advertising company.
INTL FCStone Inc is a Fortune 500 financial services firm focused on diversified financial markets.
In general, to invest is to allocate money (or sometimes another resource, such as time) in the expectation of some benefit in the future – for example, investment in durable goods, in real estate by the service industry, in factories for manufacturing, in product development, and in research and development.
An investment bank is typically a private company that provides various finance-related and other services to individuals, corporations, and governments such as raising financial capital by underwriting or acting as the client's agent in the issuance of securities.
Investment management is the professional asset management of various securities (shares, bonds and other securities) and other assets (e.g., real estate) in order to meet specified investment goals for the benefit of the investors.
An investor is a person that allocates capital with the expectation of a future financial return.
Irish Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánaigh) are an ethnic group comprising Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.
The Irish diaspora (Diaspóra na nGael) refers to Irish people and their descendants who live outside Ireland.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York is a mosque and Islamic cultural center in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, United States.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Israeli Americans (אָמֵרִיקאים יִשׂרָאֵלים lit. Ameriqaim Yisra'elim) are Americans who have Israeli citizenship either by descent or naturalization.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Italian Americans (italoamericani or italo-americani) are an ethnic group consisting of Americans who have ancestry from Italy.
The Italian diaspora is the large-scale emigration of Italians from Italy.
Jackson Heights is a neighborhood in the northwestern portion of the borough of Queens in New York City.
Jacob Riis Park, also called Jacob A. Riis Park or Jacob Riis State Park, is a seaside park at the southwestern end of the Rockaway Peninsula in the New York City borough of Queens.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.
Jamaica Bay is located on the southern side of Long Island, in the U.S. state of New York, near the island's western end.
Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge is a wildlife refuge in New York City managed by the National Park Service as part of Gateway National Recreation Area.
James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
James M. "Jim" McPherson (born October 11, 1936) is an American Civil War historian, and is the George Henry Davis '86 Professor Emeritus of United States History at Princeton University.
The James M. Shuart Stadium is an 11,929-seat multi-purpose stadium and sports facility on the campus of Hofstra University in Hempstead, New York.
As of the 2000 Census, over half of the 37,279 people of Japanese ancestry in the U.S. state of New York lived in New York City.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jazz at Lincoln Center is part of Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City.
Jersey City is the second-most-populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey, after Newark.
The Jersey Shore is the coastal region of the U.S. state of New Jersey.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Jewish American literature holds an essential place in the literary history of the United States.
Jews in New York City comprise approximately eight percent of the city's population, making the Jewish community the largest in the world outside of Israel.
Joseph "Joe" Nocera (born May 6, 1952 in Providence, Rhode Island) is an American business journalist and author.
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.
John F. Kennedy International Airport (often referred to as Kennedy Airport, New York-JFK or simply JFK) is the primary international airport serving New York City.
John Jay (December 12, 1745 – May 17, 1829) was an American statesman, Patriot, diplomat, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, negotiator and signatory of the Treaty of Paris of 1783, second Governor of New York, and the first Chief Justice of the United States (1789–1795).
John Keese (24 November 1805 in New York City – 30 May 1856 in Brooklyn, New York) was a United States auctioneer, publisher and editor of books.
John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is an American politician who served as the 68th United States Secretary of State from 2013 to 2017.
John Alfred Paulson (born December 14, 1955) is an American investor, hedge fund manager and philanthropist.
John Peter Zenger (October 26, 1697 – July 28, 1746) was a German American printer and journalist in New York City.
Johnson & Johnson is an American multinational medical devices, pharmaceutical and consumer packaged goods manufacturing company founded in 1886.
Joseph Medill Patterson (January 6, 1879 – May 26, 1946) was an American journalist, publisher and founder of the Daily News in New York.
JPMorgan Chase & Co. is an American multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered in New York City.
Juan Rodriguez (Dutch: Jan Rodrigues, Portuguese: João Rodrigues) was the first documented non-Native American to live on Manhattan Island.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
A judicial district or legal district denotes the territorial area for which a legal court (law) has jurisdiction.
The Judiciary of New York (officially the New York State Unified Court System) is the judicial branch of the Government of New York, comprising all the courts of the State of New York (excluding extrajudicial administrative courts.) The Court of Appeals, sitting in Albany and consisting of seven judges, is the state's highest court.
The Juilliard School, informally referred to as Juilliard and located in the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City, is a performing arts conservatory established in 1905.
Karachi (کراچی; ALA-LC:,; ڪراچي) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kebabs (also kabobs or kababs) are various cooked meat dishes, with their origins in Middle Eastern cuisine.
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
The Kingdom of France (Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe.
As of the 2011 American Community Survey, New York City is home to 100,000 ethnic Koreans, with two-thirds living in the borough of Queens.
The population of Koreans in China include millions of descendants of Korean immigrants with citizenship of the People's Republic of China, as well as smaller groups of South and North Korean expatriates, with a total of roughly 2.3 million people, making it the largest ethnic Korean population living outside the Korean Peninsula.
Koreatown (Hangul: 맨해튼 코리아타운) is an ethnic Korean enclave in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, centered on West 32nd Street between Madison Avenue and the intersection of Sixth Avenue and Broadway, which is known as Greeley Square.
Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.
Lagos is a city in the Nigerian state of Lagos.
LaGuardia Airport is an airport in the northern part of the New York City borough of Queens in the United States.
In real estate, a lot or plot is a tract or parcel of land owned or meant to be owned by some owner(s).
Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a landfill), is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
A law enforcement officer (LEO) or peace officer, in North American English, is a public-sector employee whose duties primarily involve the enforcement of laws.
Laws of the State of New York is the annual periodical containing the session laws of the New York State Legislature, i.e., "chapter laws", bills that become law (bearing the governor's signature or just certifications of passage) which have been assigned a chapter number in the office of the legislative secretary to the governor, and printed in chronological order (by chapter number).
The Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute (originally the Lee Strasberg Theatre Institute) is an acting school located at 115 East 15th Street between Union Square East and Irving Place in the Union Square neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, as well as at 7936 Santa Monica Boulevard in West Hollywood, California.
The Lenape, also called the Leni Lenape, Lenni Lenape and Delaware people, are an indigenous people of the Northeastern Woodlands, who live in Canada and the United States.
Lenapehoking is a term for the lands historically inhabited by the Native American people known as the Lenape (named the Delaware people or Delaware Nation by early European settlers) in what is now the Northeastern United States.
The LGBT community or GLBT community, also referred to as the gay community, is a loosely defined grouping of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, LGBT organizations, and subcultures, united by a common culture and social movements.
New York City has one of the largest LGBT populations in the world and the most prominent.
Laws affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or territory; everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty as punishment for same-sex romantic/sexual activity or identity.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in the United States of America vary by jurisdiction.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) social movements are social movements that advocate for LGBT+ people in society.
Liberty Island is a federally owned island in Upper New York Bay in the United States, best known as the location of the Statue of Liberty.
The London Inter-bank Offered Rate is the average of interest rates estimated by each of the leading banks in London that it would be charged were it to borrow from other banks.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Libreville is the capital and largest city of Gabon, in western central Africa.
Lima (Quechua:, Aymara) is the capital and the largest city of Peru.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts is a complex of buildings in the Lincoln Square neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan in New York City.
Lincoln Square is the name of both a square and the surrounding neighborhood within the Upper West Side of the New York City borough of Manhattan.
The Lincoln Tunnel is an approximately tunnel under the Hudson River, consisting of three vehicular tubes.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
The five largest agencies, with their estimated worldwide revenues in 2014.
This is a list of metropolitan areas in the United States and Canada categorized by the number of major professional sports franchises in their metropolitan areas.
New York City is home to over 2,000 bridges and tunnels.
This is a list of neighborhoods in Brooklyn, one of the five boroughs of New York City.
The following is a list of the world's largest airports by international passenger traffic.
Washington, D.C. has been the federal capital city of the United States since 1819.
The following is a list of public and private colleges and universities in New York City.
There are 62 counties in the state of New York.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year.
List of countries by intentional homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants.
This is a list of current heads of state and heads of government.
The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, with each population generally having its own language (or dialect of a language) and culture.
In the history of motion pictures in the United States, many films have been set in New York City, or a fictionalized version thereof.
The life sciences or biological sciences comprise the branches of science that involve the scientific study of life and organisms – such as microorganisms, plants, and animals including human beings – as well as related considerations like bioethics.
This list of metro systems includes electrified rapid transit train systems worldwide.
The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has defined 383 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) for the United States and seven for Puerto Rico.
Below lists the most expensive buildings in the world, which cost the most money to construct.
This is a list of New York City parks.
New York City has been known by a variety of nicknames, both officially and unofficially, now and in the past.
The Nobel Prizes (Nobelpriset, Nobelprisen) are prizes awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Swedish Academy, the Karolinska Institutet, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee to individuals and organizations who make outstanding contributions in the fields of chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine.
This is a list of settlements in North America by founding year and present-day country.
The New York City borough of Manhattan contains 214 numbered east–west streets numbered from 1st to 228th, the majority of them created by the Commissioners' Plan of 1811.
This article lists plays and musicals set in New York City.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
This is a list of major stock exchanges.
This list of tallest buildings in the world ranks skyscrapers by height.
The world's tallest artificial structure is the Burj Khalifa in Dubai (of the United Arab Emirates).
New York City, the most populous city in the United States, is home to over 6486 completed high rise buildings of at least 35 meters, of which at least 113 completed are taller than.
Since 1886, those who have made significant achievements, heads of state, returning veterans and sport champions from the New York area have been honored with ticker-tape parades.
This is a list of countries located on more than one continent, known as transcontinental states or intercontinental states.
The following is a list of United States cities of 100,000+ inhabitants with the 50 highest rates of public transit commuting to work, according to data from the 2015 American Community Survey.
The following is a list of United States cities of 100,000+ inhabitants with the 50 highest rates of pedestrian commuting, according to data from the 2000 Census.
Forty-nine of the fifty U.S. states that make up the United States of America have one or more state songs, which are selected by each state legislature, and/or state governor, as a symbol (or emblem) of that particular U.S. state.
The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places of the United States.
The following is a list of incorporated places in the United States with a population density of over 10,000 people per square mile.
There are dozens of commonly played sports that involve water.
These are lists of New York City Landmarks designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission.
Lithuanian Americans refers to American citizens and residents who are Lithuanian and were born in Lithuania, or are of Lithuanian descent.
A Little India is an ethnic enclave containing a large population of Indian people within a society where the majority of people are either not South Asians or where the majority in the enclave are indigenous to mostly northern states in the country of India within a South Asian society not identifying as Indian.
Little Italy is a neighborhood in Lower Manhattan, New York City, once known for its large population of Italian Americans.
Location shooting is the shooting of a film or television production in a real-world setting rather than a sound stage or backlot.
A logo (abbreviation of logotype, from λόγος logos "word" and τύπος typos "imprint") is a graphic mark, emblem, or symbol used to aid and promote public identification and recognition.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London Underground (also known simply as the Underground, or by its nickname the Tube) is a public rapid transit system serving London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire, Essex and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom.
Long Island is a densely populated island off the East Coast of the United States, beginning at New York Harbor just 0.35 miles (0.56 km) from Manhattan Island and extending eastward into the Atlantic Ocean.
Long Island City (LIC) is the westernmost residential and commercial neighborhood of the New York City borough of Queens.
Long Island MacArthur Airport (also known as Islip Airport) is a public airport on Long Island, in Ronkonkoma, Town of Islip, Suffolk County, New York.
The Long Island Rail Road, legally known as the Long Island Rail Road Company and often abbreviated as the LIRR, is a commuter rail system in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of New York, stretching from Manhattan to the eastern tip of Suffolk County on Long Island.
Long Island Sound is a tidal estuary of the Atlantic Ocean, lying between the eastern shores of Bronx County, New York City, southern Westchester County, and Connecticut to the north, and the North Shore of Long Island, to the south.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
The Los Angeles Dodgers are an American professional baseball team based in Los Angeles, California.
The Los Angeles metropolitan area, also known as Metropolitan Los Angeles or the Southland, is the 18th largest metropolitan area in the world and the second-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
The Lower East Side, sometimes abbreviated as LES, is a neighborhood in the southeastern part of the New York City borough of Manhattan, roughly located between the Bowery and the East River, and Canal Street and Houston Street.
Lower Manhattan, also known as Downtown Manhattan or Downtown New York, is the southernmost part of Manhattan, the central borough for business, culture, and government in the City of New York, which itself originated at the southern tip of Manhattan Island in 1624, at a point which now constitutes the present-day Financial District.
Loyalists were American colonists who remained loyal to the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War, often called Tories, Royalists, or King's Men at the time.
Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg, Luxembourg, Luxemburg), also known as Luxembourg City (Stad Lëtzebuerg or d'Stad, Ville de Luxembourg, Stadt Luxemburg, Luxemburg-Stadt), is the capital city of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (also named "Luxembourg"), and the country's most populous commune.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Macy's Herald Square (originally named the R. H. Macy and Company Store) is the flagship of the Macy's department store chain; it is located on Herald Square in Manhattan, New York City.
The annual Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York City, the world's largest parade, is presented by the U.S.-based department store chain Macy's.
Madison Avenue is a north-south avenue in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, United States, that carries northbound one-way traffic.
Madison Square Garden, often called "MSG" or simply "The Garden", is a multi-purpose indoor arena in the New York City borough of Manhattan.
Madison Square Garden (MSG III) was an indoor arena in New York City, the third bearing that name.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
A magazine is a publication, usually a periodical publication, which is printed or electronically published (sometimes referred to as an online magazine).
Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
Major League Soccer (MLS) is a men's professional soccer league sanctioned by U.S. Soccer that represents the sport's highest level in both the United States and Canada.
Malaysian Americans (Orang Malaysia di Amerika) are Americans of Malaysian ancestry.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
The Manhattan Bridge is a suspension bridge that crosses the East River in New York City, connecting Lower Manhattan at Canal Street with Downtown Brooklyn at the Flatbush Avenue Extension.
Manhattan College is a private, Roman Catholic, liberal arts college located in the Bronx, New York City, United States.
Manhattan Neighborhood Network (MNN), the country’s largest community media center, is a non-profit organization that broadcasts programming on five public-access television cable TV stations in Manhattan, New York City.
Manhattan West is a mixed-use development by Brookfield Properties.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada.
Marble Hill is the northernmost neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan.
A marina (from Spanish, Portuguese and Italian: marina, "coast" or "shore") is a dock or basin with moorings and supplies for yachts and small boats.
Marine Park is the name of a neighborhood and the largest public park in the New York City borough of Brooklyn,, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation.
Market capitalization (market cap) is the market value of a publicly traded company's outstanding shares.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Massachusetts v. Environmental Protection Agency,,. is a 5-4 U.S. Supreme Court case in which twelve states and several cities of the United States brought suit against the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to force that federal agency to regulate carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) as pollutants.
Maurice of Orange (Dutch: Maurits van Oranje) (14 November 1567 – 23 April 1625) was stadtholder of all the provinces of the Dutch Republic except for Friesland from 1585 at earliest until his death in 1625.
The Mayor of the City of New York is head of the executive branch of New York City's government.
The mayor–council government system is a system of organization of local government.
A meadow is a field habitat vegetated by grass and other non-woody plants (grassland).
Medellín, officially the Municipality of Medellín (Municipio de Medellín), is the second-largest city in Colombia and the capital of the department of Antioquia.
Media are the collective communication outlets or tools used to store and deliver information or data.
A media conglomerate, media group, or media institution is a company that owns numerous companies involved in mass media enterprises, such as television, radio, publishing, motion pictures, theme parks, or the Internet.
Biomedical research (or experimental medicine) encompasses a wide array of research, extending from "basic research" (also called bench science or bench research), – involving fundamental scientific principles that may apply to a ''preclinical'' understanding – to clinical research, which involves studies of people who may be subjects in clinical trials.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
A megacity is a very large city, typically with a total population in excess of 10 million people.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
The melting pot is a monocultural metaphor for a heterogeneous society becoming more homogeneous, the different elements "melting together" into a harmonious whole with a common culture or vice versa, for a homogeneous society becoming more heterogeneous through the influx of foreign elements with different cultural background with a potential creation of disharmony with the previous culture.
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK or MSKCC) is a cancer treatment and research institution in New York City, founded in 1884 as the New York Cancer Hospital.
Mercy College (Mercy or Mercy NY) is a private, non-sectarian, non-profit, coeducational research university with its main campus located on 66 acres in Dobbs Ferry, New York, alongside the Hudson River, with additional locations in Manhattan, Bronx and Yorktown Heights.
Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are transactions in which the ownership of companies, other business organizations, or their operating units are transferred or consolidated with other entities.
MetLife, Inc. is the holding corporation for the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (MLIC), better known as MetLife, and its affiliates.
MetLife Stadium is an American sports stadium located in East Rutherford, New Jersey.
Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
The Metro-North Commuter Railroad, trading as MTA Metro-North Railroad or simply Metro-North, is a suburban commuter rail service run by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), a public authority of the U.S. state of New York.
A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.
A metropolitan municipality is a type of municipality established in some countries to serve a metropolitan area.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States.
The Metropolitan Opera is an opera company based in New York City, resident at the Metropolitan Opera House at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is a geographical region with a relatively high population density at its core and close economic ties throughout the area.
MetroTech Center is a business and educational center in Downtown Brooklyn, New York City.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
The Miami metropolitan area, also known as the Greater Miami Area or South Florida, is the 73rd largest metropolitan area in the world and the eighth-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born on February 14, 1942) is an American businessman, engineer, author, politician, and philanthropist.
Michelin (full name: SCA Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) is a French tyre manufacturer based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Middlesex County is a county located in north-central New Jersey, United States.
Midtown Manhattan, or Midtown, represents the central lengthwise portion of the borough and island of Manhattan in New York City.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
A millionaire is an individual whose net worth or wealth is equal to or exceeds one million units of currency.
The Millrose Games is an annual indoor athletics meet (track and field) held each February in New York City.
Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County, and the larger of the Twin Cities, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
Minor League Baseball is a hierarchy of professional baseball leagues in the Americas that compete at levels below Major League Baseball (MLB) and provide opportunities for player development and a way to prepare for the major leagues.
Monmouth County is a county located in Central New Jersey, in the United States within the New York metropolitan area, and the northernmost county along the Jersey Shore.
A monopoly (from Greek μόνος mónos and πωλεῖν pōleîn) exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity.
Monterrey is the capital and largest city of the northeastern state of Nuevo León, Mexico.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Morelos is a town and municipality in the State of Mexico in Mexico.
Morgan Stanley is an American multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered at 1585 Broadway in the Morgan Stanley Building, Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
MTA Regional Bus Operations (RBO) is the surface transit division of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA).
The Mass Transit Railway (MTR) is a major public transport network serving Hong Kong. Operated by the MTR Corporation Limited (MTRCL), it consists of heavy rail, light rail, and feeder bus service centred on an 11-line rapid transit network serving the urbanised areas of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, and the New Territories. The system currently includes of rail with 159 stations, including 91 heavy rail stations and 68 light rail stops. The MTR is one of the most profitable metro systems in the world; it had a farebox recovery ratio of 187% in 2015, the world's highest. Under the government's rail-led transport policy, the MTR system is a common mode of public transport in Hong Kong, with over five million trips made in an average weekday. It consistently achieves a 99.9% on-time rate on its train journeys. As of 2014, the MTR has a 48.1% market share of the franchised public transport market, making it the most popular transport option in Hong Kong. The integration of the Octopus smart card fare-payment technology into the MTR system in September 1997 has further enhanced the ease of commuting on the MTR. Construction of the MTR was prompted by a study, released in 1967, commissioned by the Hong Kong Government in order to find solutions to the increasing road congestion problem caused by the territory's fast-growing economy. Construction started soon after the release of the study, and the first line opened in 1979. The MTR was immediately popular with residents of Hong Kong; as a result, subsequent lines have been built to cover more territory. There are continual debates regarding how and where to expand the MTR network. As a successful railway operation, the MTR has served as a model for other newly built systems in the world, particularly other urban rail transit in China.
MTV (originally an initialism of Music Television) is an American cable and satellite television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks (a division of Viacom) and headquartered in New York City.
Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
The Museum of the City of New York (MCNY) is a history and art museum in New York City, New York.
The music industry consists of the companies and individuals that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and selling live concerts and shows, audio and video recordings, compositions and sheet music, and the organizations and associations that aid and represent music creators.
Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and dance.
Nairobi is the capital and the largest city of Kenya.
The Nasdaq Stock Market is an American stock exchange.
Nassau County or is a suburban county comprising much of western Long Island in the U.S. state of New York.
Nathaniel Parker Willis (January 20, 1806 – January 20, 1867), also known as N. P. Willis,Baker, 3 was an American author, poet and editor who worked with several notable American writers including Edgar Allan Poe and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a men's professional basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada).
The National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) is an independent agency of the United States federal government that offers support and funding for projects exhibiting artistic excellence.
The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).
National Geographic (formerly the National Geographic Magazine and branded also as NAT GEO or) is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society.
The National Guard of the United States, part of the reserve components of the United States Armed Forces, is a reserve military force, composed of National Guard military members or units of each state and the territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, for a total of 54 separate organizations.
A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, district, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance.
The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, currently comprising 31 teams: 24 in the United States and 7 in Canada.
The National Invitation Tournament (NIT) is a men's college basketball tournament operated by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).
The National Library of Australia is the largest reference library in Australia, responsible under the terms of the National Library Act for "maintaining and developing a national collection of library material, including a comprehensive collection of library material relating to Australia and the Australian people." In 2012–13, the National Library collection comprised 6,496,772 items, and an additional of manuscript material.
The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance.
The National September 11 Memorial & Museum (also known as the 9/11 Memorial & Museum) is a memorial and museum in New York City commemorating the September 11, 2001 attacks, which killed 2,977 people, and the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, which killed six.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
A natural satellite or moon is, in the most common usage, an astronomical body that orbits a planet or minor planet (or sometimes another small Solar System body).
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
NBC News is the news division of the American broadcast television network NBC, formerly known as the National Broadcasting Company when it was founded on radio.
NBCUniversal, Inc. is an American multinational media conglomerate owned by Comcast, headquartered at Rockefeller Plaza's Comcast Building in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The Netherlands Antilles (Nederlandse Antillen,; Papiamentu: Antia Hulandes) was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam, or) was a 17th-century Dutch settlement established at the southern tip of Manhattan Island that served as the seat of the colonial government in New Netherland.
New Angoulême was the name given in April 1524 by the Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano (or Jean de Varrazane; 1481-1528) to the site he discovered on board of his sailing vessel La Dauphine.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
The New Jersey Devils are a professional ice hockey team based in Newark, New Jersey. They are members of the Metropolitan Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). The club was founded as the Kansas City Scouts in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1974. The Scouts moved to Denver, Colorado in 1976 and became the Colorado Rockies. In 1982, they moved to East Rutherford, New Jersey and took their current name. For their first 25 seasons in New Jersey, the Devils were based at the Meadowlands Sports Complex in East Rutherford and played their home games at Brendan Byrne Arena (later renamed to Continental Airlines Arena). Before the 2007–08 season, the Devils relocated to Newark and now play their home games at Prudential Center. The franchise was poor to mediocre in the eight years before moving to New Jersey, a pattern that continued during the first five years in New Jersey as they failed to make the Stanley Cup playoffs and never finished higher than fifth in their division. Their fortunes began to turn around following the hiring of president and general manager Lou Lamoriello in 1987. Under Lamoriello's stewardship, the Devils made the playoffs all but three times between 1988 and 2012, including 13 berths in a row from 1997 to 2010, and finished with a winning record every season from 1992–93 to 2009–10. They have won the Atlantic Division regular season title nine times, most recently in 2009–10, before transferring to the newly created Metropolitan Division as part of the NHL's realignment in 2013. The Devils have reached the Stanley Cup Finals five times, winning in 1994–95, 1999–00 and 2002–03. The Devils were known for their defense-first approach throughout their years of Cup contention, but have since moved towards a more offensive style. The Devils have a rivalry with their cross-Hudson River neighbor, the New York Rangers, as well as a rivalry with the Philadelphia Flyers. The Devils are one of three NHL teams in the New York metropolitan area; the other two teams are the New York Islanders and New York Rangers. With the move of the Nets to Brooklyn in 2012, the franchise is the only major league team in any sport that explicitly identifies itself as a New Jersey team.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
New media are forms of media that are native to computers, computational and relying on computers for re-distribution.
New Netherland (Dutch: Nieuw Nederland; Latin: Nova Belgica or Novum Belgium) was a 17th-century colony of the Dutch Republic that was located on the east coast of North America.
The New Netherland Institute (formerly Friends of the New Netherland Project) is a non-profit organization created to support the translation and publication of 17th-century Dutch documents from the period of the Dutch colonization of New Netherland.
New York is a 1976 work of travel and observation by Anthony Burgess.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The New York Amsterdam News is an American weekly newspaper geared to the African-American community of New York City, New York.
New York Bay is the collective term for the marine areas surrounding the river mouth of the Hudson River into the Atlantic Ocean, in New Jersey and New York City.
The New York Botanical Garden (NYBG) is a botanical garden and National Historic Landmark located in the Bronx, New York City.
The Administrative Code of the City of New York contains the codified local laws of New York City.
New York City Ballet (NYCB) is a ballet company founded in 1948 by choreographer George Balanchine and Lincoln Kirstein.
The Civil Court of the City of New York is a civil court of the New York State Unified Court System in New York City that decides lawsuits involving claims for damages up to $25,000 and includes a small claims part (small claims court) for cases involving amounts up to $5,000 as well as a housing part (housing court) for landlord-tenant matters, and also handles other civil matters referred by the New York Supreme Court.
The Office of Comptroller of New York City is the chief fiscal officer and chief auditing officer of the city.
The New York City Council is the lawmaking body of the City of New York.
The Criminal Court of the City of New York is a court of the New York State Unified Court System in New York City that handles misdemeanors (generally, crimes punishable by fine or imprisonment of up to one year) and lesser offenses, and also conducts arraignments (initial court appearances following arrest) and preliminary hearings in felony cases (generally, more serious offenses punishable by imprisonment of more than one year).
The Department of City Planning (DCP) is the department of the government of New York City responsible for setting the framework of city's physical and socioeconomic planning.
The New York City Department of Education (NYCDOE) is the department of the government of New York City that manages the city's public school system.
The New York City Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) is the department of the government of New York City that manages the city's water supply.
The New York City Department of Finance (DOF) is the revenue service, taxation agency and recorder of deeds of the government of New York City.
The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) is the department of the government of New York City responsible for public health along with issuing birth certificates, dog licenses, and conducting restaurant inspection and enforcement.
The New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, also called Parks Department and NYC Parks, is the department of the government of New York City responsible for maintaining the city's parks system, preserving and maintaining the ecological diversity of the city's natural areas, and furnishing recreational opportunities for city's residents and visitors.
The New York City draft riots (July 13–16, 1863), known at the time as Draft Week, were violent disturbances in Lower Manhattan, widely regarded as the culmination of working-class discontent with new laws passed by Congress that year to draft men to fight in the ongoing American Civil War.
New York City Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC) is a not-for-profit corporation that promotes economic growth across New York City's five boroughs.
New York City English, or Metropolitan New York English, is a regional dialect of American English spoken by many people in New York City and much of its surrounding metropolitan area.
New York City Football Club is a professional soccer club based in New York City, New York, that competes in Major League Soccer (MLS), the highest level of American soccer, as a member of the league's Eastern Conference.
The New York City Fire Department, officially the Fire Department of the City of New York (FDNY), is a department of the government of New York City that provides fire protection, technical rescue, primary response to biological, chemical, and radioactive hazards, and emergency medical services to the five boroughs of New York City.
The annual New York City LGBT Pride March, or New York City Pride March, traverses southward down Fifth Avenue and ends at Greenwich Village in Lower Manhattan.
The New York City Marathon (branded TCS New York City Marathon and formerly branded ING New York City Marathon for sponsorship reasons) is an annual marathon that courses through the five boroughs of New York City.
The 2013 New York City mayoral election occurred on November 5, 2013, along with elections for Comptroller, Public Advocate, Borough President, and members of the New York City Council.
The New York City Opera (NYCO) is an American opera company located in Manhattan in New York City.
The City of New York Police Department, commonly known as the NYPD, is the primary law enforcement and investigation agency within the five boroughs of New York City.
The Rules of the City of New York (RCNY) contains the compiled rules and regulations (delegated legislation) of New York City government agencies.
The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority, a subsidiary agency of the state-run Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA).
New York City Water Tunnel No.
The New York Cosmos (simply the Cosmos in 1977–1978) was an American professional soccer club based in New York City and its suburbs.
The New York Cosmos is an American professional soccer club based in the New York City borough of Brooklyn that play in the North American Soccer League since 2013.
The New York Daily News, officially titled Daily News, is an American newspaper based in New York City.
New York Fashion Week, held in February and September of each year, is a semi-annual series of events (generally lasting 7–9 days) when international fashion collections are shown to buyers, the press and the general public.
The New York County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (Cumann Lúthchleas Gael Coiste Chontae Nua Eabhrac), or New York GAA, is one of the county boards of the Gaelic Athletic Association outside Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic games in the New York metropolitan area.
The New York Giants are a professional American football team based in the New York metropolitan area.
New York Harbor, part of the Port of New York and New Jersey, is at the mouth of the Hudson River where it empties into New York Bay and into the Atlantic Ocean at the East Coast of the United States.
New York Institute of Technology (also known as NYIT) is a private, independent, nonprofit, non-sectarian, coeducational research university founded in 1955.
The New York Islanders are a professional ice hockey team based in New York City.
The New York Jets are a professional American football team located in the New York metropolitan area.
The New York Knickerbockers, commonly referred to as the Knicks, are an American professional basketball team based in the borough of Manhattan, in New York City.
The New York Liberty are a professional basketball team based in the New York metropolitan area, playing in the Eastern Conference in the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA).
New York Life Insurance Company (NYLIC) is the third-largest life insurance company in the United States and one of the largest life insurers in the world, ranking #65 on the 2017 Fortune 500 list, with about $570 billion in total assets under management, and more than $25 billion in surplus and AVR.
Mahayana Temple is a Chinese Buddhist temple located within a forest in South Cairo, New York.
The New York Manumission Society was an American organization founded in 1785 by U.S. Founding Father John Jay, among others, to promote the gradual abolition of slavery and manumission of slaves of African descent within the state of New York.
The New York metropolitan area, also referred to as the Tri-State Area, is the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass, at 4,495 mi2 (11,642 km2).
The New York Mets are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City borough of Queens.
The New York Philharmonic, officially the Philharmonic-Symphony Society of New York, Inc., globally known as New York Philharmonic Orchestra (NYPO) or New York Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra, is a symphony orchestra based in New York City in the United States.
The New York Post is the fourth-largest newspaper in the United States and a leading digital media publisher that reached more than 57 million unique visitors in the U.S. in January 2017.
The New York Public Library (NYPL) is a public library system in New York City.
The New York Rangers are a professional ice hockey team based in New York City.
The New York Red Bulls are an American professional soccer club based in Harrison, New Jersey.
New York Road Runners (NYRR) is a non-profit running organization based in New York City whose mission is to help and inspire people through running.
The New York School was an informal group of American poets, painters, dancers, and musicians active in the 1950s and 1960s in New York City.
The New York State Education Department (NYSED) is the department of the New York state government responsible for the supervision for all public schools in New York and all standardized testing, as well as the production and administration of state tests and Regents Examinations.
New York State Legislature are the two houses that act as the state legislature of the U.S. state of New York.
The New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation (NYS OPRHP) is a state agency within the New York State Executive Department charged with the operation of state parks and historic sites within the U.S. state of New York.
The New York Stock Exchange (abbreviated as NYSE, and nicknamed "The Big Board"), is an American stock exchange located at 11 Wall Street, Lower Manhattan, New York City, New York.
The Supreme Court of the State of New York is the trial-level court of general jurisdiction in the New York State Unified Court System.
The Appellate Divisions of the Supreme Court of the State of New York are the intermediate appellate courts in New York State.
New York University (NYU) is a private nonprofit research university based in New York City.
The New York Wheel is a tall giant Ferris wheel proposed for construction at St. George, Staten Island, alongside the site of the proposed Empire Outlets retail complex.
The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City borough of the Bronx.
New York's Village Halloween Parade is an annual holiday parade and street pageant presented on the night of every Halloween in New York City's Greenwich Village.
New York-style pizza is pizza made with a characteristically large hand-tossed thin crust, often sold in wide slices to go.
The New-York Historical Society is an American history museum and library located in New York City at the corner of 77th Street and Central Park West in Manhattan, founded in 1804 as New York's first museum.
Newark Liberty International Airport, originally Newark Metropolitan Airport and later Newark International Airport, is the primary airport serving the U.S. state of New Jersey.
Newark is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County.
Newburgh is a city located in Orange County, New York, United States, north of New York City, and south of Albany, on the Hudson River.
The original News Corporation or News Corp. was an American multinational mass media corporation headquartered in New York City.
Newtown Creek, a long tributary of the East River,Eldredge & Horenstein (2014), p.150 is an estuary that forms part of the border between the boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, in New York City.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
NJ Transit Rail Operations is the rail division of NJ Transit.
The term non-commercial educational (NCE) applies to a radio station or TV station that does not accept on-air advertisements (TV ads or radio ads), as defined in the United States by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).
Non-Hispanic whites or whites not of Hispanic or Latino origin (commonly referred to as Anglo-Americans)Mish, Frederic C., Editor in Chief Webster's Tenth New Collegiate Dictionary Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.A.:1994--Merriam-Webster See original definition (definition #1) of Anglo in English: It is defined as a synonym for Anglo-American--Page 86 are European Americans who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin/ethnicity, as defined by the United States Census Bureau.
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
The North American Soccer League (NASL) is a professional men's soccer league with four teams in the United States, including one in Puerto Rico.
The North Atlantic Division of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is one of the eight permanent divisions within the Corps.
North Jersey comprises the northern portions of the U.S. state of New Jersey between the upper Delaware River and the Atlantic Ocean.
North River is an alternate name for the southernmost portion of the Hudson River in the vicinity of New York City and northeastern New Jersey in the United States.
The Northeast Corridor (NEC) is an electrified railroad line in the Northeast megalopolis of the United States.
The Northeastern United States, also referred to as the American Northeast or simply the Northeast, is a geographical region of the United States bordered to the north by Canada, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Southern United States, and to the west by the Midwestern United States.
The Northwest Passage (abbreviated as NWP) is, from the European and northern Atlantic point of view, the sea route to the Pacific Ocean through the Arctic Ocean, along the northern coast of North America via waterways through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Norwegian Americans (norskamerikanere) are Americans with ancestral roots from Norway.
Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.
A novel is a relatively long work of narrative fiction, normally in prose, which is typically published as a book.
Nuevo León, or New Leon, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Nuevo León (Estado Libre y Soberano de Nuevo León), is one of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, compose the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
NYC Ferry (originally called Citywide Ferry Service) is a network of ferry routes in New York City operated by Hornblower Cruises.
NYC Media is the radio, television, and online media network of the City of New York.
NYSE Euronext, Inc. was a Euro-American multinational financial services corporation that operated multiple securities exchanges, including the New York Stock Exchange, Euronext and NYSE Arca (formerly known as ArcaEx).
The Occupy movement is an international socio-political movement against social and economic inequality and the lack of "real democracy" around the world.
Occupy Wall Street (OWS) was a protest movement that began on September 17, 2011, in Zuccotti Park, located in New York City's Wall Street financial district, receiving global attention and spawning a surge in the movement against economic inequality worldwide.
Old media (also legacy media) are the mass media institutions that predominated prior to the Information Age; particularly print media, film studios, music studios, advertising agencies, radio broadcasting, and television.
Omnicom Group, Inc. is an American global marketing and corporate communications holding company, headquartered in New York City.
One Liberty Plaza, formerly the U.S. Steel Building, is a skyscraper in Lower Manhattan, in New York City, at the location of the former Singer Building (tallest structure ever dismantled) and the former City Investing Building.
One World Trade Center (also known as 1 World Trade Center, 1 WTC or Freedom Tower) is the main building of the rebuilt World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City.
One57, formerly known as Carnegie 57 and nicknamed "The Billionaire Building", is a 75-story (marketed as 90-story) supertall skyscraper at 157 West 57th Street between Sixth and Seventh Avenues in the Midtown neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals who intend to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for money and profit.
The Orient is the East, traditionally comprising anything that belongs to the Eastern world, in relation to Europe.
The Original Six is the group of six teams that made up the National Hockey League (NHL) for the 25 seasons between the 1942–43 season and the 1967 NHL expansion.
Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.
Pace University is a private institution that was founded in 1906.
The Padrón Real (Royal Register), known after 2 August 1527 as the Padrón General (General Register), was the official and secret Spanish master map used as a template for the maps present on all Spanish ships during the 16th century.
Pakistani Americans (پاکستانی نژاد امریکی) are Americans whose ancestry originates from Pakistan or Pakistanis who migrated to and reside in the United States.
Panama City (Ciudad de Panamá) is the capital and largest city of Panama.
A parade (also called march or marchpast) is a procession of people, usually organized along a street, often in costume, and often accompanied by marching bands, floats or sometimes large balloons.
A paramedic is a healthcare professional who responds to medical emergencies outside of a hospital.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Paris Métro, short for Métropolitain (Métro de Paris), is a rapid transit system in the Paris metropolitan area.
Park Avenue is a wide New York City boulevard which carries north and southbound traffic in the borough of Manhattan.
A parkway is a broad, landscaped highway thoroughfare.
Parsons School of Design, known colloquially as Parsons, is a private art and design college located in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Lower Manhattan in New York City.
A political party platform or program is a formal set of principle goals which are supported by a political party or individual candidate, in order to appeal to the general public, for the ultimate purpose of garnering the general public's support and votes about complicated topics or issues.
Various terms are used for passenger rail lines and equipment-the usage of these terms differs substantially between areas.
The PATCO Speedline (also known colloquially as the PATCO High Speed Line, Lindenwold High Speed Line, or simply PATCO) is a rapid transit system operated by the Port Authority Transit Corporation, which runs between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Camden County, New Jersey.
Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) is a rapid transit system serving Newark, Harrison, Hoboken, and Jersey City in metropolitan northern New Jersey, as well as lower and midtown Manhattan in New York City.
In the United States, a patroon (from Dutch patroon) was a landholder with manorial rights to large tracts of land in the 17th century Dutch colony of New Netherland on the east coast of North America.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
A pedestrian is a person travelling on foot, whether walking or running.
Edson Arantes do Nascimento (born 23 October 1940), known as Pelé, is a Brazilian retired professional footballer who played as a forward.
Pelham Bay Park is a municipal park located in the northeast corner of the New York City borough of the Bronx.
Pelham Public Schools or the Pelham Public School District, formally the Pelham Union Free School District, is a school district headquartered in Pelham, New York.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
Pennsylvania Station, also known as New York Penn Station or Penn Station, is the main intercity railroad station in New York City.
A people mover or automated people mover (APM) is a type of small scale automated guideway transit system.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Peruvian Americans (peruano americanos) are Americans of Peruvian descent.
Peter Minuit, Pieter Minuit, Pierre Minuit, or Peter Minnewit (between 1580 and 1585 – August 5, 1638) was a Walloon from Wesel, in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, then part of the Duchy of Cleves.
Peter Stuyvesant (English pronunciation /ˈstaɪv.ə.sənt/; in Dutch also Pieter and Petrus Stuyvesant; (1610Mooney, James E. "Stuyvesant, Peter" in p.1256–1672) served as the last Dutch director-general of the colony of New Netherland from 1647 until it was ceded provisionally to the English in 1664, after which it was renamed New York. He was a major figure in the early history of New York City and his name has been given to various landmarks and points of interest throughout the city (e.g. Stuyvesant High School, Stuyvesant Town–Peter Cooper Village, Stuyvesant Plaza, Bedford–Stuyvesant neighborhood, etc.). Stuyvesant's accomplishments as director-general included a great expansion for the settlement of New Amsterdam beyond the southern tip of Manhattan. Among the projects built by Stuyvesant's administration were the protective wall on Wall Street, the canal that became Broad Street, and Broadway. Stuyvesant, himself a member of the Dutch Reformed Church, opposed religious pluralism and came into conflict with Lutherans, Jews, Roman Catholics and Quakers as they attempted to build places of worship in the city and practice their faiths.
Pfizer Inc. is an American pharmaceutical conglomerate headquartered in New York City, with its research headquarters in Groton, Connecticut.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
The Philippine Independence Day Parade is a celebration for the Filipino American community in the United States home to more than 4 million Filipinos.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
A pinnacle is an architectural ornament originally forming the cap or crown of a buttress or small turret, but afterwards used on parapets at the corners of towers and in many other situations.
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.
A police raid is a visit by police or other law enforcement officers often in the early morning or late at night, with the aim of using the element of surprise to arrest suspects believed to be likely to hide evidence, resist arrest, be politically sensitive, or simply be elsewhere during the day.
Polish Americans are Americans who have total or partial Polish ancestry.
A political machine is a political group in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses (usually campaign workers), who receive rewards for their efforts.
Population density (in agriculture: standing stock and standing crop) is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density.
A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.
The Port Authority Bus Terminal (colloquially known as the Port Authority and in initials as PABT) is the main gateway for interstate buses into Manhattan in New York City.
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) is a joint venture between the United States, New York and New Jersey, established in 1921 through an interstate compact authorized by the United States Congress.
In general, a port of entry (POE) is a place where one may lawfully enter a country.
The Port of New York and New Jersey is the port district of the New York-Newark metropolitan area, encompassing the region within approximately a radius of the Statue of Liberty National Monument.
Portuguese Americans (portugueses-americanos), also known as Luso-americans (luso-americanos), are American citizens and residents of the United States who are connected to the country of Portugal by birth, ancestry, or citizenship.
Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.
The history of postal service of the United States began with the delivery of stampless letters, whose cost was borne by the receiving person, later also encompassed pre-paid letters carried by private mail carriers and provisional post offices, and culminated in a system of universal prepayment that required all letters to bear nationally issued adhesive postage stamps.
Postgraduate education, or graduate education in North America, involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education.
Postmodern art is a body of art movements that sought to contradict some aspects of modernism or some aspects that emerged or developed in its aftermath.
In its most general sense, the practice of law involves giving legal advice to clients, drafting legal documents for clients, and representing clients in legal negotiations and court proceedings such as lawsuits, and is applied to the professional services of a lawyer or attorney at law, barrister, solicitor, or civil law notary.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
Pratt Institute is a private, nonsectarian, non-profit institution of higher learning located in the Clinton Hill neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York, United States, with a satellite campus located at 14th Street in Manhattan and an extension campus in Utica, New York (Pratt MWP).
The Pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning the time of the original settlement in the Upper Paleolithic period to European colonization during the Early Modern period.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
Pride parades (also known as pride marches, pride events, and pride festivals) are events celebrating lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) culture and pride.
Primary care is the day-to-day healthcare given by a health care provider.
Prince of Orange is a title originally associated with the sovereign Principality of Orange, in what is now southern France.
Pristina (Prishtina or Prishtinë) or Priština (Приштина), is the capital and largest city of Kosovo.
The private sector is the part of the economy, sometimes referred to as the citizen sector, which is run by private individuals or groups, usually as a means of enterprise for profit, and is not controlled by the State.
Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933.
A proprietary colony was a type of British colony mostly in North America and the Caribbean in the 17th century.
Prospect Park is a 526-acre (213 hectare)"Prospect Park" NYC Parks https://www.nycgovparks.org/parks/prospect-park retrieved June 18, 2017 public park in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, and the second largest public park in Brooklyn.
Protestantism is the largest grouping of Christians in the United States with its combined denominations collectively accounting for about half the country's population or 150 million people.
The Province of New York (1664–1776) was a British proprietary colony and later royal colony on the northeast coast of North America.
Provo is the third-largest city in Utah, United States.
Prudential Center is a multi-purpose indoor arena in the central business district of Newark, New Jersey, United States.
The PS General Slocum"PS" stands for "Paddle Steamer" was a sidewheel passenger steamboat built in Brooklyn, New York, in 1891.
Public broadcasting includes radio, television and other electronic media outlets whose primary mission is public service.
A public company, publicly traded company, publicly held company, publicly listed company, or public corporation is a corporation whose ownership is dispersed among the general public in many shares of stock which are freely traded on a stock exchange or in over the counter markets.
Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.
Public-access television is traditionally a form of non-commercial mass media where the general public can create content television programming which is narrowcast through cable TV specialty channels.
Public-benefit corporations are a specific type of corporation that allow for public benefit to be a charter purpose in addition to the traditional corporate goal of maximizing profit for shareholders.
Publishing is the dissemination of literature, music, or information—the activity of making information available to the general public.
Puerto Ricans have both immigrated and migrated to New York City.
The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States.
Punk rock (or "punk") is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia.
Punk subculture includes a diverse array of ideologies, fashion, and other forms of expression, visual art, dance, literature and film.
Quakers (or Friends) are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements formally known as the Religious Society of Friends or Friends Church.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Quebec City (pronounced or; Québec); Ville de Québec), officially Québec, is the capital city of the Canadian province of Quebec. The city had a population estimate of 531,902 in July 2016, (an increase of 3.0% from 2011) and the metropolitan area had a population of 800,296 in July 2016, (an increase of 4.3% from 2011) making it the second largest city in Quebec, after Montreal, and the seventh-largest metropolitan area in Canada. It is situated north-east of Montreal. The narrowing of the Saint Lawrence River proximate to the city's promontory, Cap-Diamant (Cape Diamond), and Lévis, on the opposite bank, provided the name given to the city, Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows". Founded in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain, Quebec City is one of the oldest cities in North America. The ramparts surrounding Old Quebec (Vieux-Québec) are the only fortified city walls remaining in the Americas north of Mexico, and were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 as the 'Historic District of Old Québec'. The city's landmarks include the Château Frontenac, a hotel which dominates the skyline, and the Citadelle of Quebec, an intact fortress that forms the centrepiece of the ramparts surrounding the old city and includes a secondary royal residence. The National Assembly of Quebec (provincial legislature), the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec (National Museum of Fine Arts of Quebec), and the Musée de la civilisation (Museum of Civilization) are found within or near Vieux-Québec.
Queens is the easternmost and largest in area of the five boroughs of New York City.
The Queens Library (QL), formerly known as the Queens Borough Public Library, is the public library for the Borough of Queens, and one of three public library systems serving New York City.
The Queens–Midtown Tunnel (known as the Midtown Tunnel) is a toll tunnel underneath the East River in New York City.
The Queensboro Bridge, also known as the 59th Street Bridge – because its Manhattan end is located between 59th and 60th Streets – and officially titled the Ed Koch Queensboro Bridge, is a cantilever bridge over the East River in New York City that was completed in 1909.
Quinnipiac University is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational university located in Hamden, Connecticut, at the foot of Sleeping Giant State Park.
A railway platform is an area – normally paved or otherwise prepared for pedestrian use, and often raised to a greater or lesser degree – provided alongside one or more of the tracks at a railway or metro station for use by passengers awaiting, boarding, or alighting from trains.
Randalls Island (also called Randall's Island) and Wards Island are conjoined islands, collectively called Randalls and Wards Islands, in the New York City borough of Manhattan, "Purchased in 1772 by British Captain James Montresor; sold in 1784 to Johnathan Randel; acquired by City of New York in 1835." separated from Manhattan by the Harlem River, from Queens by the East River and Hell Gate, and from the Bronx by the Bronx Kill.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
Rapping (or rhyming, spitting, emceeing, MCing) is a musical form of vocal delivery that incorporates "rhyme, rhythmic speech, and street vernacular", which is performed or chanted in a variety of ways, usually over a backbeat or musical accompaniment.
Real estate is "property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest vested in this (also) an item of real property, (more generally) buildings or housing in general.
Real Estate Weekly is a weekly American real estate magazine primarily covering New York City.
Red Bull Arena is a soccer-specific stadium in Harrison, New Jersey that is home to the New York Red Bulls of Major League Soccer.
Red Hook is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, New York.
Regolith is a layer of loose, heterogeneous superficial deposits covering solid rock.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.
Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit.
Rhoticity in English refers to English speakers' pronunciation of the historical rhotic consonant, and is one of the most prominent distinctions by which varieties of English can be classified.
Admiral of the Fleet Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe, (8 March 1726 – 5 August 1799) was a British naval officer.
Richard Nicholls (1624 in Ampthill, Bedfordshire – 28 May 1672 on the North Sea, off Suffolk) was the first English colonial governor of New York province.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Risk management is the identification, evaluation, and prioritization of risks (defined in ISO 31000 as the effect of uncertainty on objectives) followed by coordinator and economical application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability or impact of unfortunate events or to maximize the realization of opportunities.
Riverbank State Park is a state park built on the top of a sewage treatment facility on the Hudson River, in the New York City borough of Manhattan.
Riverdale is an affluent residential neighborhood in the northwest portion of the Bronx, a borough in New York City.
Riverside Church is a Christian church in Morningside Heights, Upper Manhattan, New York City.
The Roach Guards were an Irish criminal gang in Five Points neighborhood of New York City the mid-19th century.
The Rockaway Peninsula, commonly referred to as The Rockaways or Rockaway, is the name of a peninsula within the New York City borough of Queens on Long Island, New York.
Rockefeller Center is a large complex consisting of 19 commercial buildings covering between 48th and 51st Streets, facing Fifth Avenue, in New York City.
The Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree is a large Christmas tree placed annually in Rockefeller Center, in Midtown Manhattan.
The Rockefeller University is a center for scientific research, primarily in the biological and medical sciences, that provides doctoral and postdoctoral education.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Roosevelt Island is a narrow island in New York City's East River.
The Roosevelt Island Tramway is an aerial tramway in New York City that spans the East River and connects Roosevelt Island to the Upper East Side of Manhattan.
Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.
Rufus Wilmot Griswold (February 13, 1815 – August 27, 1857) was an American anthologist, editor, poet, and critic.
A rush hour (American English, British English) is a part of the day during which traffic congestion on roads and crowding on public transport is at its highest.
New York City is home to the largest Russian and Russian-speaking population in the Western Hemisphere.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Salsa music is a popular dance music that initially arose in New York City during the 1960s.
A salt marsh or saltmarsh, also known as a coastal salt marsh or a tidal marsh, is a coastal ecosystem in the upper coastal intertidal zone between land and open saltwater or brackish water that is regularly flooded by the tides.
A saltbox house is a traditional New England style of house with a long, pitched roof that slopes down to the back, generally a wooden frame house.
Same-sex marriage has been legally recognized in the U.S. state of New York since July 24, 2011, under the Marriage Equality Act, which was passed by the New York State Legislature on June 24, 2011 and signed by Governor Andrew Cuomo on the same day.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
The San Francisco Bay Area (popularly referred to as the Bay Area) is a populous region surrounding the San Francisco, San Pablo and Suisun estuaries in the northern part of the U.S. state of California.
The San Francisco Giants are an American professional baseball franchise based in San Francisco, California.
A sandwich is a food typically consisting of vegetables, sliced cheese or meat, placed on or between slices of bread, or more generally any dish wherein two or more pieces of bread serve as a container or wrapper for another food type.
Santiago, also known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.
Santiago Calatrava Valls (born 28 July 1951) is a Spanish architect, structural design and analyst engineer, sculptor and painter, particularly known for his bridges supported by single leaning pylons, and his railway stations, stadiums, and museums, whose sculptural forms often resemble living organisms.
Santo Domingo (meaning "Saint Dominic"), officially Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
São Paulo LGBT Pride Parade (Parada do Orgulho LGBT de São Paulo) is an annual gay pride parade that takes place in Avenida Paulista, in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, since 1997.
The School of Visual Arts (SVA) is a for-profit art and design college located in Manhattan, New York, founded in 1947.
Scientific method is an empirical method of knowledge acquisition, which has characterized the development of natural science since at least the 17th century, involving careful observation, which includes rigorous skepticism about what one observes, given that cognitive assumptions about how the world works influence how one interprets a percept; formulating hypotheses, via induction, based on such observations; experimental testing and measurement of deductions drawn from the hypotheses; and refinement (or elimination) of the hypotheses based on the experimental findings.
Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Presbyterian and other Ulster Protestant Dissenters from various parts of Ireland, but usually from the province of Ulster, who migrated during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Scott M. Stringer (born April 29, 1960) is the 44th and current New York City Comptroller and a New York Democratic politician who previously served as the 26th Borough President of Manhattan.
Scottish Americans or Scots Americans (Scottish Gaelic: Ameireaganaich Albannach; Scots-American) are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Scotland.
The Seagram Building is a skyscraper, located at 375 Park Avenue, between 52nd Street and 53rd Street in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
SeaStreak is a private ferry company operating in the Port of New York and New Jersey and in New England.
A seawall (or sea wall) is a form of coastal defence constructed where the sea, and associated coastal processes, impact directly upon the landforms of the coast.
The Second Anglo-Dutch War (4 March 1665 – 31 July 1667), or the Second Dutch War (Tweede Engelse Oorlog "Second English War") was a conflict fought between England and the Dutch Republic for control over the seas and trade routes, where England tried to end the Dutch domination of world trade during a period of intense European commercial rivalry.
The Second Avenue Subway (internally referred to as the IND Second Avenue Line by the MTA and abbreviated to SAS) is a New York City Subway line that runs under Second Avenue on the East Side of Manhattan.
Second grade (corresponding to Year 3 in the UK) is a year of primary education in Canada and the US.
A security is a tradable financial asset.
Sedition and seditious libel were criminal offences under English common law, and are still criminal offences in Canada.
A seismic hazard is the probability that an earthquake will occur in a given geographic area, within a given window of time, and with ground motion intensity exceeding a given threshold.
Seoul (like soul; 서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital, Constitutional Court of Korea and largest metropolis of South Korea.
Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation (SMRT) was established in 1994 to operate the Seoul Subway lines 5, 6, 7, 8 in Seoul, South Korea.
The Seoul Metropolitan Subway is a metropolitan railway system consisting of 22 rapid transit, light metro, commuter rail and people mover lines located in northwest South Korea.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
A setback, sometimes called step-back, is a step-like recession in a wall.
Seventh Avenue – known as Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard north of Central Park – is a thoroughfare on the West Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City.
Sewage (or domestic wastewater or municipal wastewater) is a type of wastewater that is produced from a community of people.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
Shenyang, formerly known by its Manchu name Mukden or Fengtian, is the provincial capital and the largest city of Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China, as well as the largest city in Northeast China by urban population.
Show business, sometimes shortened to show biz or showbiz (since 1945), is a vernacular term for all aspects of the entertainment industry.
Showtime is an American premium cable and satellite television network that serves as the flagship service of the Showtime Networks subsidiary of CBS Corporation, which also owns sister services The Movie Channel and Flix.
Silicon Alley, centered in Manhattan, has evolved into a metonym for the sphere encompassing the New York City metropolitan region's high tech industries including the Internet, new media, telecommunications, digital media, software development, game design, financial technology (fintech), and other fields within information technology that are supported by the area's entrepreneurship ecosystem and venture capital investments.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
A skyline is the horizon created by a city's overall structure, or by human intervention in a non-urban setting or in nature.
A skyscraper is a continuously habitable high-rise building that has over 40 floors and is taller than approximately.
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
Social inequality occurs when resources in a given society are distributed unevenly, typically through norms of allocation, that engender specific patterns along lines of socially defined categories of persons.
A social movement is a type of group action.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
Software development is the process of conceiving, specifying, designing, programming, documenting, testing, and bug fixing involved in creating and maintaining applications, frameworks, or other software components.
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, often referred to as The Guggenheim, is an art museum located at 1071 Fifth Avenue on the corner of East 89th Street in the Upper East Side neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City.
A song, most broadly, is a single (and often standalone) work of music that is typically intended to be sung by the human voice with distinct and fixed pitches and patterns using sound and silence and a variety of forms that often include the repetition of sections.
The Sons of Liberty was an organization that was created in the Thirteen American Colonies.
Sony Music Entertainment (SME) is a Japanese-owned global music conglomerate owned by Sony and incorporated as a general partnership of Sony Music Holdings Inc. through Sony Entertainment Inc., a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America. (in Japanese), Sony Corporation The company was first founded in 1929 as American Record Corporation and renamed Columbia Recording Corporation in 1938, following its acquisition by the Columbia Broadcasting System. In 1966, the company was reorganized to become CBS Records, and Sony Corporation bought the company in 1988, renaming it under its current name in 1991. In 2004, Sony and Bertelsmann established a 50-50 joint venture called Sony BMG Music Entertainment, which transferred the businesses of Sony Music and Bertelsmann Music Group into one entity. However, in 2008, Sony acquired Bertelsmann's stake, and the company reverted to the SME name shortly after; the buyout allowed Sony to acquire all of BMG's labels, including former Columbia Pictures subsidiary Arista Records as well as RCA Records, and led to the dissolution of BMG, which instead relaunched as BMG Rights Management. Sony Music Entertainment is the second largest of the "Big Three" record companies in the world, behind Universal Music Group (UMG) and ahead of Warner Music Group (WMG). Sony's music publishing division is the world's largest music publisher after the acquisition of EMI. It also owns SYCO Entertainment, which operates some of the world's most successful reality TV format including Got Talent and The X Factor.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
The specialized high schools of New York City are nine selective public high schools, established and run by the New York City Department of Education to serve the needs of academically and artistically gifted students.
The Specialty Food Association, Inc. (SFA) is membership-based trade association in the United States representing approximately 3,400 businesses.
A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, often a skyscraper or a church tower, similar to a steep tented roof.
The Cathedral of St.
A stadium (plural stadiums or stadia) is a place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, or other events and consists of a field or stage either partly or completely surrounded by a tiered structure designed to allow spectators to stand or sit and view the event.
The Stamp Act Congress, or First Congress of the American Colonies, was a meeting held between October 7 and 25, 1765, in New York City, consisting of representatives from some of the British colonies in North America; it was the first gathering of elected representatives from several of the American colonies to devise a unified protest against new British taxation.
A startup company (startup or start-up) is an entrepreneurial venture which is typically a newly emerged business that aims to meet a marketplace need by developing a viable business model around a product, service, process or a platform.
The State University of New York (SUNY) is a system of public institutions of higher education in New York, United States.
SUNY Maritime College is a maritime college located in the Bronx, New York, United States in historic Fort Schuyler on the Throggs Neck peninsula where the East River meets Long Island Sound.
Staten Island is the southernmost and westernmost of the five boroughs of New York City in the U.S. state of New York.
The Staten Island Ferry is a passenger ferry route operated by the New York City Department of Transportation.
The Staten Island Greenbelt is a system of contiguous public parkland and natural areas in the central hills of the New York City borough of Staten Island.
The Staten Island Railway (SIR) is the only rapid transit line in the New York City borough of Staten Island.
The Staten Island Yankees are a minor league baseball team, located in the New York City borough of Staten Island.
The States General of the Netherlands (Staten-Generaal) is the bicameral legislature of the Netherlands consisting of the Senate (Eerste Kamer) and the House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer).
The Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World; La Liberté éclairant le monde) is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in New York Harbor in New York City, in the United States.
The Statue of Liberty National Monument is a United States National Monument located in the U.S. states of New Jersey and New York comprising Liberty Island and Ellis Island.
A steamship, often referred to as a steamer, is a type of steam powered vessel, typically ocean-faring and seaworthy, that is propelled by one or more steam engines that typically drive (turn) propellers or paddlewheels.
New York Stewart International Airport is a public/military airport in Orange County, New York, United States.
A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
The Stonewall Inn, often shortened to Stonewall, is a gay bar and recreational tavern in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Lower Manhattan, New York City, and the site of the Stonewall riots of 1969, which is widely considered to be the single most important event leading to the gay liberation movement and the modern fight for gay and lesbian rights in the United States.
Stonewall National Monument is a U.S. National Monument in the West Village neighborhood of Greenwich Village in Lower Manhattan, New York City.
The Stonewall riots (also referred to as the Stonewall uprising or the Stonewall rebellion) were a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay (LGBT) communityAt the time, the term "gay" was commonly used to refer to all LGBT people.
The stop-question-and-frisk program, or stop-and-frisk, in New York City, is a New York City Police Department practice of temporarily detaining, questioning, and at times searching civilians on the street for weapons and other contraband.
A storm surge, storm flood or storm tide is a coastal flood or tsunami-like phenomenon of rising water commonly associated with low pressure weather systems (such as tropical cyclones and strong extratropical cyclones), the severity of which is affected by the shallowness and orientation of the water body relative to storm path, as well as the timing of tides.
A strait is a naturally formed, narrow, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water.
Street food is ready-to-eat food or drink sold by a hawker, or vendor, in a street or other public place, such as at a market or fair.
A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.
The Subway Series is a series of Major League Baseball (MLB) rivalry games played between the two teams based in New York City, the Yankees and the Mets.
SUNY Downstate Medical Center, located in central Brooklyn, New York, is the only academic medical center for health education, research, and patient care serving Brooklyn’s 2.5 million residents.
Super Bowl XLVIII was an American football game between the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Denver Broncos and National Football Conference (NFC) champion Seattle Seahawks to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 2013 season.
Superfund is a United States federal government program designed to fund the cleanup of sites contaminated with hazardous substances and pollutants.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
In medicine, a surgeon is a physician who performs surgical operations.
A suspension bridge is a type of bridge in which the deck (the load-bearing portion) is hung below suspension cables on vertical suspenders.
Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.
Sustainable design (also called environmentally sustainable design, environmentally conscious design, etc.) is the philosophy of designing physical objects, the built environment, and services to comply with the principles of social, economic, and ecological sustainability.
Swedish Americans (Svenskamerikaner) are an American ethnic group of people who have ancestral roots from Sweden.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
A syllable is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds.
Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").
Tammany Hall, also known as the Society of St.
The United States of America has separate federal, state, and local government(s) with taxes imposed at each of these levels.
The taxicabs of New York City are widely recognized icons of the city and come in two varieties: yellow and green.
The Technion – Israel Institute of Technology (הטכניון – מכון טכנולוגי לישראל Ha-Tekhniyon — Makhon Tekhnologi le-Yisrael) is a public research university in Haifa, Israel.
Tel Aviv (תֵּל אָבִיב,, تل أَبيب) is the second most populous city in Israel – after Jerusalem – and the most populous city in the conurbation of Gush Dan, Israel's largest metropolitan area.
Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
A television pilot (also known as a pilot or a pilot episode and sometimes marketed as a tele-movie) is a standalone episode of a television series that is used to sell the show to a television network.
A television show (often simply TV show) is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, cable, or internet and typically viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows.
A tenement is a multi-occupancy building of any sort.
A term limit is a legal restriction that limits the number of terms an officeholder may serve in a particular elected office.
In architecture and city planning, a terraced or terrace house (UK) or townhouse (US) exhibits a style of medium-density housing that originated in Europe in the 16th century, where a row of identical or mirror-image houses share side walls.
Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror among masses of people; or fear to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim.
Teterboro Airport is a general aviation relief airport located in the boroughs of Teterboro, Moonachie, and Hasbrouck Heights in Bergen County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey.
The Africa Center, formerly known as Museum for African Art, is a museum that was formerly located in the neighborhood of Long Island City in the borough of Queens in New York City, United States and planning to reopen in a new building at Fifth Avenue and 110th Street in Harlem.
The Battery (also commonly known as Battery Park) is a public park located at the southern tip of Manhattan Island in New York City facing New York Harbor.
The Believer is an American bimonthly magazine of interviews, essays, and reviews.
The Broadway League, formerly the League of American Theatres and Producers and League of New York Theatres and Producers, is the national trade association for the Broadway theatre industry based in New York, New York.
The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City, in the U.S. state of New York.
The City Record is the official journal of New York City.
The Crown is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions (such as Crown dependencies, provinces, or states).
The Encyclopedia of New York City is a comprehensive reference book on New York City, New York.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
The Narrows is the tidal strait separating the boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn in New York City.
The New School is a private non-profit research university centered in Manhattan, New York City, USA, located mostly in Greenwich Village.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New York Times Building is a skyscraper on the west side of Midtown Manhattan, New York City that was completed in 2007.
The New York Times Company is an American media company which publishes its namesake, The New York Times.
The Record (colloquially called The Bergen Record or The Record of Hackensack) is a newspaper in North Jersey, United States.
The Trust for Public Land is a U.S. nonprofit organization with a mission to "create parks and protect land for people, ensuring healthy, livable communities for generations to come." Since its founding in 1972, The Trust for Public Land has completed 5,000 park-creation and land conservation projects across the United States, protected over 3 million acres, and helped pass more than 500 ballot measures--creating $70 billion in voter-approved public funding for parks and open spaces.
The Village Voice is an American news and culture paper, known for being the country's first alternative newsweekly.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
New York City's Theater District (sometimes spelled Theatre District, and officially zoned as the "Theater Subdistrict") is an area in Midtown Manhattan where most Broadway theaters are located, as well as many other theaters, movie theaters, restaurants, hotels, and other places of entertainment.
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site is a recreated brownstone at 28 East 20th Street, between Broadway and Park Avenue South, in the borough of Manhattan in New York City.
The Third Anglo-Dutch War or the Third Dutch War (Derde Engelse Oorlog "Third English War", or Derde Engelse Zeeoorlog "Third English Sea War") was a military conflict between the Kingdom of England and the Dutch Republic, that lasted between April 1672 and early 1674.
Thomas Jefferson University is a private university in Center City, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
Thomson Reuters Corporation is a Canadian multinational mass media and information firm.
The Throgs Neck Bridge is a suspension bridge opened on January 11, 1961, which carries Interstate 295 over the East River where it meets the Long Island Sound.
TIAA, formerly TIAA-CREF (Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association-College Retirement Equities Fund), is a Fortune 100 financial services organization that is the leading provider of financial services in the academic, research, medical, cultural and governmental fields.
The Tibetan people are an ethnic group native to Tibet.
Time Warner Center is a mixed use (office/commercial and residential) twin-tower building in New York City.
The Times Herald-Record, often referred to as The Record or Middletown Record in its coverage area, is a daily newspaper published in Middletown, New York, covering the northwest suburbs of New York City.
Times Square is a major commercial intersection, tourist destination, entertainment center and neighborhood in the Midtown Manhattan section of New York City at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue.
Tin Pan Alley is the name given to the collection of New York City music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
The New York University Tisch School of the Arts (also known as Tisch, TNYU, and TTSOA) is a center of study in the performing and media arts.
Todt Hill is a hill formed of serpentine rock on Staten Island, New York.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
The is a fire department headquartered in Ōtemachi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.
The is a part of the extensive rapid transit system that consists of Tokyo Metro and Toei Subway in the Greater Tokyo area of Japan.
Toleration is the acceptance of an action, object, or person which one dislikes or disagrees with, where one is in a position to disallow it but chooses not to.
Thomas Kennerly Wolfe Jr. (March 2, 1930Some sources say 1931; the New York Times and Reuters both initially reported 1931 in their obituaries before changing to 1930. See and – May 14, 2018) was an American author and journalist widely known for his association with New Journalism, a style of news writing and journalism developed in the 1960s and 1970s that incorporated literary techniques.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
New York City received an eighth consecutive annual record of approximately 62.8 million tourists in 2017.
A townhouse, or town house as used in North America, Asia, Australia, South Africa and parts of Europe, is a type of terraced housing.
A toxin (from toxikon) is a poisonous substance produced within living cells or organisms; synthetic toxicants created by artificial processes are thus excluded.
Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing.
Tract housing, also known colloquially in the United States and Canada as cookie-cutter housing, is a type of housing development in which multiple similar homes are built on a tract of land which is subdivided into individual small lots.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
Traffic congestion is a condition on transport networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.
A trail is usually a path, track or unpaved lane or road.
A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot (see below) is a railway facility or area where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.
A transatlantic telecommunications cable is a submarine communications cable connecting one side of the Atlantic Ocean to the other.
Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from their assigned sex.
Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another that involves swapping letters (thus trans- + liter-) in predictable ways (such as α → a, д → d, χ → ch, ն → n or æ → e).
A transportation network company (TNC), sometimes known as a mobility service provider (MSP), is an organization that pairs passengers via websites and mobile apps with drivers who provide such services.
A trattoria is an Italian-style eating establishment, less formal than a ristorante, but more formal than an osteria.
The Treaty of Breda was signed at the Dutch city of Breda, 31 July (Gregorian calendar), 1667, by England, the United Provinces (Netherlands), France, and Denmark–Norway.
The Treaty of Westminster of 1674 was the peace treaty that ended the Third Anglo-Dutch War.
Trenton–Mercer Airport is a county-owned, joint civil–military, public airport located four miles northwest of Trenton in the West Trenton section of Ewing Township, Mercer County, New Jersey.
The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in New York City on March 25, 1911 was the deadliest industrial disaster in the history of the city, and one of the deadliest in US history.
The Tribeca Film Festival is a prominent film festival held in the Tribeca neighborhood of Manhattan, showcasing a diverse selection of independent films.
The Triborough Bridge, known officially as the Robert F. Kennedy Bridge since 2008, and sometimes referred to as the RFK Triborough Bridge or RFK Bridge, is a complex of three separate bridges and their connecting viaducts or elevated expressways in New York City.
A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake.
Trinity Church is a historic parish church in the Episcopal Diocese of New York located near the intersection of Wall Street and Broadway in the lower Manhattan section of New York City, New York.
In the United States, the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, commonly known as the Triple Crown, is a title awarded to a three-year-old Thoroughbred horse who wins the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and Belmont Stakes.
A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.
Troy is a city in the U.S. state of New York and the seat of Rensselaer County.
Tudor Revival architecture (commonly called mock Tudor in the UK) first manifested itself in domestic architecture beginning in the United Kingdom in the mid to late 19th century based on a revival of aspects of Tudor architecture or, more often, the style of English vernacular architecture of the Middle Ages that survived into the Tudor period.
A tunnel is an underground passageway, dug through the surrounding soil/earth/rock and enclosed except for entrance and exit, commonly at each end.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
Ukrainian Americans (translit) are Americans who are of Ukrainian ancestry.
Ultra-low-sulfur diesel (ULSD) is diesel fuel with substantially lowered sulfur content.
Unemployment is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed.
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
Union Square is an important and historic intersection and surrounding neighborhood in Manhattan, New York City, located where Broadway and the former Bowery Road – now Fourth Avenue – came together in the early 19th century; its name denotes that "here was the union of the two principal thoroughfares of the island" rather than celebrating either the Federal union of the United States or labor unions.
The Unisphere is a spherical stainless steel representation of the Earth, located in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park in the borough of Queens, New York City.
United Airlines Flight 175 was a scheduled domestic passenger flight from Logan International Airport, in Boston, Massachusetts, to Los Angeles International Airport, in Los Angeles, California.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is a U.S. federal agency under the Department of Defense and a major Army command made up of some 37,000 civilian and military personnel, making it one of the world's largest public engineering, design, and construction management agencies.
The Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (in case citations, 2d Cir.) is one of the thirteen United States Courts of Appeals.
The United States Court of International Trade (in case citations, Int'l Trade or Intl. Trade), formerly the United States Customs Court, and before that the Board of General Appraisers, is an Article III court, with full powers in law and equity.
The United States Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting at the Pennsylvania State House (now known as Independence Hall) in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is the United States federal executive department of the U.S. government responsible for the management and conservation of most federal lands and natural resources, and the administration of programs relating to Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, territorial affairs, and insular areas of the United States.
The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system.
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York (in case citations, E.D.N.Y.) is the federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the entirety of Long Island (including the portion in New York City) and Staten Island.
The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (in case citations, S.D.N.Y.) is a federal district court.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The 2012 United States presidential election in New York took place on November 6, 2012, as part of the 2012 General Election in which all 50 states plus The District of Columbia participated.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
Universal Music Group (also known in the United States as UMG Recordings, Inc. and abbreviated as UMG) is an American global music corporation that is a subsidiary of the French media conglomerate Vivendi.
A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
The Upper East Side is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, between Central Park/Fifth Avenue, 59th Street, the East River, and 96th Street.
Upper Manhattan denotes the most northern region of the New York City Borough of Manhattan.
The Upper West Side, sometimes abbreviated UWS, is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan, New York City, that lies between Central Park and the Hudson River and between West 59th Street and West 110th Street.
An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.
An urban heat island (UHI) is an urban area or metropolitan area that is significantly warmer than its surrounding rural areas due to human activities.
An urban park or metropolitan park, also known as a municipal park (North America) or a public park, public open space, or municipal gardens (UK), is a park in cities and other incorporated places to offer recreation and green space to residents of, and visitors to, the municipality.
The United States Open Tennis Championships is a hard court tennis tournament.
The USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center is an American stadium complex located in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park in Queens, New York City.
Uzbek Americans are Americans of Uzbek descent or Uzbek immigrants with green cards, also received by lottery.
Van Cortlandt Park is a park located in the borough of the Bronx in New York City.
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
Venture capital (VC) is a type of private equity, a form of financing that is provided by firms or funds to small, early-stage, emerging firms that are deemed to have high growth potential, or which have demonstrated high growth (in terms of number of employees, annual revenue, or both).
Verizon Communications Inc., or simply Verizon, is an American multinational telecommunications conglomerate and a corporate component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge (also referred to as the Verrazano Bridge and formerly the Narrows Bridge) is a double-decked suspension bridge that connects the New York City boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn and is named for Giovanni da Verrazzano.
Viacom Inc. is an American multinational media conglomerate with interests primarily in film and television.
Victoria, the capital city of the Canadian province of British Columbia, is on the southern tip of Vancouver Island off Canada's Pacific coast.
Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Vietnamese Americans (Người Mỹ gốc Việt) are Americans of Vietnamese descent.
The Vivian Beaumont Theater is a theater located in the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts complex at 150 West 65th Street on the Upper West Side of Manhattan.
In historical linguistics, vowel breaking, vowel fracture, or diphthongization is the change of a monophthong into a diphthong or triphthong.
Wagner College is a private, national liberal arts college in the New York City borough of Staten Island, New York, United States.
The Waldorf Astoria New York is a luxury hotel in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
Walk Score is a private company that provides walkability services and apartment search tools through a website and mobile applications.
Walkability is a measure of how friendly an area is to walking.
Wall Street is an eight-block-long street running roughly northwest to southeast from Broadway to South Street, at the East River, in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan in New York City.
The Wanamaker Mile is an indoor mile race held annually at the Millrose Games in New York City.
Warner Music Group (WMG, also referred to as Warner Music or WEA International) is an American multinational entertainment and record label conglomerate headquartered in New York City.
Warner Media, LLC (formerly Time Warner Inc.), doing business as WarnerMedia, is an American multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered in New York City and owned by AT&T.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
Washington Irving (April 3, 1783 – November 28, 1859) was an American short story writer, essayist, biographer, historian, and diplomat of the early 19th century.
The Washington Square Arch is a marble triumphal arch built in 1892 in Washington Square Park in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Lower Manhattan in New York City.
Washington Square Park is a public park in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Lower Manhattan, New York City.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies, usually as a result of human activities.
Water purification is the process of removing undesirable chemicals, biological contaminants, suspended solids and gases from water.
A water tower is an elevated structure supporting a water tank constructed at a height sufficient to pressurize a water supply system for the distribution of potable water, and to provide emergency storage for fire protection.
Water treatment is any process that improves the quality of water to make it more acceptable for a specific end-use.
Wayne R. Dynes (born August 23, 1934) is an American art historian, encyclopedist, and bibliographer.
WBAI (99.5 MHz), is a non-commercial, listener-supported radio station licensed to New York City.
Weehawken is a township in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States.
Weill Cornell Medicine is the biomedical research unit and medical school of Cornell University, a private Ivy League university.
Welsh Americans are an American ethnic group whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Wales.
West Indian Americans or Caribbean Americans are Americans who can trace their recent ancestry to the Caribbean, unless they are of native descent.
The West Side of Manhattan refers to the side of Manhattan Island which abuts the Hudson River and faces New Jersey.
The West Side Highway (officially the Joe DiMaggio Highway) is a mostly surface section of New York State Route 9A (NY 9A) that runs from West 72nd Street along the Hudson River to the southern tip of Manhattan in New York City.
Westchester County Airport is a county-owned airport in Westchester County, New York, three miles (6 km) northeast of the central business district of White Plains, in the towns of Harrison, North Castle and Rye.
Westchester County is a county in the U.S. state of New York.
A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.
White Americans are Americans who are descendants from any of the white racial groups of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, or in census statistics, those who self-report as white based on having majority-white ancestry.
Brigadier-General William Cosby (1690–1736) was an Irish soldier who served as the British royal governor of New York from 1732 to 1736.
William Cullen Bryant (November 3, 1794 – June 12, 1878) was an American romantic poet, journalist, and long-time editor of the New York Evening Post.
William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.
Williamsburg is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, bordering Greenpoint to the north; Bedford–Stuyvesant to the south; Bushwick, East Williamsburg, and Ridgewood, Queens to the east; and Fort Greene and the East River to the west.
Winged Foot Golf Club is a private club with two 18-hole golf courses located in Mamaroneck, New York.
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada.
A wireless network is a computer network that uses wireless data connections between network nodes.
The Wisconsin Glacial Episode, also called the Wisconsinan glaciation, was the most recent glacial period of the North American ice sheet complex.
WNET, channel 13 (branded as THIRTEEN), is a non-commercial educational, public television station licensed to Newark, New Jersey and serving the New York metropolitan area.
WNYC is the trademark, and a set of call letters shared by a pair of non-profit, noncommercial, public radio stations located in New York City and owned by New York Public Radio, a nonprofit organization that did business as WNYC RADIO until March 2013.
The Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) is a women's professional basketball league in the United States.
Woodland, is a low-density forest forming open habitats with plenty of sunlight and limited shade.
The Woolworth Building, at 233 Broadway, Manhattan, New York City, designed by architect Cass Gilbert and constructed between 1910 and 1912, is an early US skyscraper.
A wordmark, word mark, or logotype is usually a distinct text-only typographic treatment of the name of a company, institution, or product name used for purposes of identification and branding.
The World Almanac and Book of Facts is a US-published reference work and is a bestselling retrieved 2007-12-25 almanac conveying information about such subjects as world changes, tragedies, sports feats, etc.
The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in North America, contested since 1903 between the American League (AL) champion team and the National League (NL) champion team.
The original World Trade Center was a large complex of seven buildings in Lower Manhattan, New York City, United States.
The World Trade Center site, formerly referred to as "Ground Zero" after the September 11 attacks, is a 14.6-acre (5.9 ha) area in Lower Manhattan in New York City.
World Trade Center is a terminal station on the PATH system.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
A writer is a person who uses written words in various styles and techniques to communicate their ideas.
The Wyckoff House, or Pieter Claesen Wyckoff House is located at 5816 Clarendon Road in the Canarsie area of Brooklyn.
Yankee Stadium is a stadium located in the Concourse neighborhood of the Bronx in New York City.
Yankee Stadium was a stadium located in the Bronx, a borough of New York City.
Yellow fever is a viral disease of typically short duration.
Yeshiva University is a private, non-profit research university located in New York City, United States, with four campuses in New York City.
ZIP Codes are a system of postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS) since 1963.
Zuccotti Park, formerly called Liberty Plaza Park, is a publicly accessible park in Lower Manhattan, New York City, located in a privately owned public space (POPS) controlled by Brookfield Properties.
10 Hudson Yards, also known as the South Tower, is an office building that was completed in 2016 in Manhattan's West Side.
110th Street is a street in the New York City borough of Manhattan.
15 Hudson Yards is a residential building currently under construction on Manhattan's West Side.
The 1916 Zoning Resolution in New York City was the first citywide zoning code in the US.
The 1930 PGA Championship was the 13th PGA Championship, held September 8–13 in New York City at Fresh Meadow Country Club in Flushing, Queens.
The 1932 U.S. Open was the 36th U.S. Open, held June 23–25 at Fresh Meadow Country Club in Flushing, New York, a neighborhood in the north-central part of the borough of Queens in New York City.
The 1939–40 New York World's Fair, which covered the of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park (also the location of the 1964–1965 New York World's Fair), was the second most expensive American world's fair of all time, exceeded only by St.
The 1939 PGA Championship was the 22nd PGA Championship, held July 9–15 at Pomonok Country Club in Queens, New York.
The 1964/1965 New York World's Fair held over 140 pavilions, 110 restaurants, for 80 nations (hosted by 37), 24 US states, and over 45 corporations to build exhibits or attractions at Flushing Meadows Park in Queens, NY.
The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 Census.
The 2010 United States Census (commonly referred to as the 2010 Census) is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
220 Central Park South is a residential skyscraper currently under construction, being developed by Vornado Realty Trust.
3 World Trade Center (also known as 175 Greenwich Street) is a skyscraper constructed as part of the rebuilding of the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, New York City.
35 Hudson Yards (also Tower E or Equinox Tower) is a mixed-use building currently under construction in Manhattan's West Side and is slated to be composed of apartment units and a hotel.
4 Times Square, also formerly known as the Condé Nast Building, is a skyscraper in Times Square in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
4 World Trade Center (also known by its street address, 150 Greenwich Street) is a skyscraper that is part of the World Trade Center complex in New York City.
40 Wall Street, also known as the Trump Building, is a 71-story neo-gothic skyscraper between Nassau Street and William Street in Manhattan, New York City.
432 Park Avenue is a residential skyscraper in New York City that overlooks Central Park.
53W53, also known as the MoMA Expansion Tower and 53 West 53rd Street, and formerly known as Tower Verre is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction by the real estate companies Hines, Pontiac Land Group and Goldman Sachs, located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City adjacent to The Museum of Modern Art.
55 Hudson Yards (originally known as One Hudson Yards or One Hudson Boulevard) is a future tower just outside the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project.
56 Leonard Street is an tall, 57-story skyscraper on Leonard Street in Tribeca, New York City, United States.
The 7 Subway Extension is a subway extension of the New York City Subway's IRT Flushing Line.
70 Pine Street – formerly known as the American International Building, 60 Wall Tower and originally as the Cities Service Building – is a 67-story, 952-foot (290 m) residential building located at the corner of Pearl Street and running to Cedar Street in the Financial District of Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States.
8 Spruce Street, originally known as Beekman Tower and currently marketed as New York by Gehry, is a 76-story skyscraper designed by architect Frank Gehry in the New York City borough of Manhattan at 8 Spruce Street, between William and Nassau Streets, in Lower Manhattan, just south of City Hall Park and the Brooklyn Bridge.
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