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Whole tone scale

Index Whole tone scale

In music, a whole tone scale is a scale in which each note is separated from its neighbours by the interval of a whole tone. [1]

90 relations: A Musical Joke, Alban Berg, Alexander Borodin, Alexander Dargomyzhsky, Alexander Scriabin, Altered scale, An die Jugend, Art Tatum, Augmented seventh chord, Augmented triad, Béla Bartók, Carnatic music, Chorale, Chromaticism, Claude Debussy, Composer, Dante Symphony, Diatonic and chromatic, Dominant seventh chord, Don Redman, Equal temperament, Es ist genug, Ferruccio Busoni, Four in One (composition), Franz Joachim Burmeister, Franz Liszt, Franz Schubert, Generated collection, George Perle, Gil Evans, H. C. Colles, Hector Berlioz, Hexachord, Hexatonic scale, Hindustani classical music, Impressionism in music, Impressions (instrumental composition), Interval (music), Interval cycle, Jazz, Johann Rudolph Ahle, Johann Sebastian Bach, John Coltrane, JuJu (album), Leading-tone, Leoš Janáček, Limelight (magazine), List of pieces which use the whole tone scale, Major second, Maximal evenness, ..., Mehdi Hassan, Mikhail Glinka, Modes of limited transposition, Music, Musical note, Mystic chord, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort, BWV 60, Olivier Messiaen, Overture, Oxford University Press, Préludes (Debussy), Prince Igor, Raga, Roger Kamien, Ruslan and Lyudmila (opera), Sadko (opera), Scale (music), Scheherazade, Scheherazade (Rimsky-Korsakov), Semitone, Seven Early Songs (Berg), Sinfonietta (Janáček), Stevie Wonder, String Quartet No. 5 (Bartók), Symmetric scale, The Stone Guest (Dargomyzhsky), Thelonious Monk, Tonality, Tone row, Tonic (music), Triad (music), Tritone substitution, Turnaround (music), Ustad, Violin Concerto (Berg), Vladimir Rebikov, Wayne Shorter, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, You Are the Sunshine of My Life. Expand index (40 more) »

A Musical Joke

A Musical Joke (in German) K. 522, (Divertimento for two horns and string quartet) is a composition by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; the composer entered it in his Verzeichnis aller meiner Werke (Catalogue of All My Works) on June 14, 1787.

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Alban Berg

Alban Maria Johannes Berg (February 9, 1885 – December 24, 1935) was an Austrian composer of the Second Viennese School.

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Alexander Borodin

Alexander Porfiryevich Borodin (a; 12 November 183327 February 1887) was a Russian Romantic composer of Georgian-Russian origin, as well as a doctor and chemist.

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Alexander Dargomyzhsky

Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky (Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Даргомы́жский) was a 19th-century Russian composer.

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Alexander Scriabin

Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Скря́бин; –) was a Russian composer and pianist.

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Altered scale

In jazz, the altered scale or altered dominant scale is a seven-note scale that is a dominant scale where all non-essential tones have been altered.

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An die Jugend

An die Jugend is a sequence (or collection) of pieces of classical music for solo piano by Ferruccio Busoni.

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Art Tatum

Arthur Tatum Jr. (October 13, 1909 – November 5, 1956) was an American jazz pianist.

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Augmented seventh chord

The augmented seventh chord, or seventh augmented fifth chord, or seventh sharp five chord is a dominant seventh chord consisting of an augmented triad with a minor seventh.

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Augmented triad

An augmented triad is a chord, made up of two major thirds (an augmented fifth).

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Béla Bartók

Béla Viktor János Bartók (25 March 1881 – 26 September 1945) was a Hungarian composer, pianist and an ethnomusicologist.

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Carnatic music

Carnatic music, Karnāṭaka saṃgīta or Karnāṭaka saṅgītam is a system of music commonly associated with southern India, including the modern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu, as well as Sri Lanka.

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Chorale is the name of several related musical forms originating in the music genre of the Lutheran chorale.

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Chromaticism is a compositional technique interspersing the primary diatonic pitches and chords with other pitches of the chromatic scale.

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Claude Debussy

Achille-Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer.

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A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.

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Dante Symphony

A Symphony to Dante's Divine Comedy, S.109, or simply the "Dante Symphony", is a program symphony composed by Franz Liszt.

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Diatonic and chromatic

Diatonic (διατονική) and chromatic (χρωματική) are terms in music theory that are most often used to characterize scales, and are also applied to musical instruments, intervals, chords, notes, musical styles, and kinds of harmony.

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Dominant seventh chord

In music theory, a dominant seventh chord, or major minor seventh chord, is a chord composed of a root, major third, perfect fifth, and minor seventh.

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Don Redman

Donald Matthew Redman (July 29, 1900 – November 30, 1964) was an American jazz musician, arranger, bandleader, and composer.

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Equal temperament

An equal temperament is a musical temperament, or a system of tuning, in which the frequency interval between every pair of adjacent notes has the same ratio.

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Es ist genug

"" ("It is enough") is a German Lutheran hymn, with text by Franz Joachim Burmeister, written in 1662.

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Ferruccio Busoni

Ferruccio Busoni (1 April 1866 – 27 July 1924) (given names: Ferruccio Dante Michelangiolo Benvenuto) was an Italian composer, pianist, conductor, editor, writer, and teacher.

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Four in One (composition)

"Four in One" is a bebop composition by Thelonious Monk first recorded in 1951 on Blue Note 1589 with Sahib Shihab (alto saxophone), Milt Jackson (vibraphone), Thelonious Monk (piano), Al McKibbon (bass), and Art Blakey (drums).

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Franz Joachim Burmeister

Franz Joachim Burmeister (29 October 1633 – 21 April 1672) was a German Protestant hymnwriter.

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Franz Liszt

Franz Liszt (Liszt Ferencz, in modern usage Liszt Ferenc;Liszt's Hungarian passport spelt his given name as "Ferencz". An orthographic reform of the Hungarian language in 1922 (which was 36 years after Liszt's death) changed the letter "cz" to simply "c" in all words except surnames; this has led to Liszt's given name being rendered in modern Hungarian usage as "Ferenc". From 1859 to 1867 he was officially Franz Ritter von Liszt; he was created a Ritter (knight) by Emperor Francis Joseph I in 1859, but never used this title of nobility in public. The title was necessary to marry the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein without her losing her privileges, but after the marriage fell through, Liszt transferred the title to his uncle Eduard in 1867. Eduard's son was Franz von Liszt. 22 October 181131 July 1886) was a prolific 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, organist, philanthropist, author, nationalist and a Franciscan tertiary during the Romantic era.

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Franz Schubert

Franz Peter Schubert (31 January 179719 November 1828) was an Austrian composer of the late Classical and early Romantic eras.

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Generated collection

In diatonic set theory, a generated collection is a collection or scale formed by repeatedly adding a constant interval in integer notation, the generator, also known as an interval cycle, around the chromatic circle until a complete collection or scale is formed.

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George Perle

George Perle (May 6, 1915 – January 23, 2009) was a composer and music theorist.

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Gil Evans

Ian Ernest Gilmore "Gil" Evans (born Green; May 13, 1912 – March 20, 1988) was a Canadian jazz pianist, arranger, composer and bandleader.

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H. C. Colles

Henry Cope Colles (20 April 18794 March 1943) was an English music critic, music lexicographer, writer on music and organist.

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Hector Berlioz

Louis-Hector Berlioz; 11 December 1803 – 8 March 1869) was a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonie fantastique, Harold en Italie, Roméo et Juliette, Grande messe des morts (Requiem), L'Enfance du Christ, Benvenuto Cellini, La Damnation de Faust, and Les Troyens. Berlioz made significant contributions to the modern orchestra with his Treatise on Instrumentation. He specified huge orchestral forces for some of his works, and conducted several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians. He also composed around 50 compositions for voice, accompanied by piano or orchestra. His influence was critical for the further development of Romanticism, especially in composers like Richard Wagner, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Franz Liszt, Richard Strauss, and Gustav Mahler.

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In music, a hexachord (also hexachordon) is a six-note series, as exhibited in a scale or tone row.

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Hexatonic scale

In music and music theory, a hexatonic scale is a scale with six pitches or notes per octave.

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Hindustani classical music

Hindustani classical music is the traditional music of northern areas of the Indian subcontinent, including the modern states of India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

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Impressionism in music

Impressionism in music was a movement among various composers in Western classical music (mainly during the late 19th and early 20th centuries) whose music focuses on suggestion and atmosphere, "conveying the moods and emotions aroused by the subject rather than a detailed tone‐picture".

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Impressions (instrumental composition)

"Impressions" is a jazz standard composed by John Coltrane.

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Interval (music)

In music theory, an interval is the difference between two pitches.

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Interval cycle

In music, an interval cycle is a collection of pitch classes created from a sequence of the same interval class.

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Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.

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Johann Rudolph Ahle

Johann Rudolph AhleAlso known as Johann Rudolf Ahle.

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Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.

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John Coltrane

John William Coltrane, also known as "Trane" (September 23, 1926 – July 17, 1967),.

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JuJu (album)

JuJu is the fifth album by American jazz saxophonist Wayne Shorter.

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In music theory, a leading-note (also subsemitone, and called the leading-tone in the US) is a note or pitch which resolves or "leads" to a note one semitone higher or lower, being a lower and upper leading-tone, respectively.

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Leoš Janáček

Leoš Janáček (baptised Leo Eugen Janáček; 3 July 1854 – 12 August 1928) was a Czech composer, musical theorist, folklorist, publicist and teacher.

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Limelight (magazine)

Limelight is an Australian monthly classical music and arts magazine based in Sydney.

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List of pieces which use the whole tone scale

This is a list of notable musical works which use the whole tone scale.

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Major second

In Western music theory, a major second (sometimes also called whole tone) is a second spanning two semitones.

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Maximal evenness

In diatonic set theory, maximal evenness is a quality of a collection or scale in which every generic interval has either one or two consecutive (adjacent) specific intervals—in other words a scale that is "spread out as much as possible." This property was first described by music theorist John Clough and mathematician Jack Douthett in "Maximally Even Sets" (1991).

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Mehdi Hassan

Mehdi Hasan Khan (مہدی حسَن خان), (18 July 1927 – 13 June 2012) was a Pakistani ghazal singer and playback singer for Lollywood.

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Mikhail Glinka

Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (Mikhaíl Ivánovich Glínka) was the first Russian composer to gain wide recognition within his own country, and is often regarded as the fountainhead of Russian classical music.

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Modes of limited transposition

Modes of limited transposition are musical modes or scales that fulfill specific criteria relating to their symmetry and the repetition of their interval groups.

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Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.

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Musical note

In music, a note is the pitch and duration of a sound, and also its representation in musical notation (♪, ♩).

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Mystic chord

In music, the mystic chord or Prometheus chord is a six-note synthetic chord and its associated scale, or pitch collection; which loosely serves as the harmonic and melodic basis for some of the later pieces by Russian composer Alexander Scriabin.

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Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (a; Russia was using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style. Dates in the article are taken verbatim from the source and are in the same style as the source from which they come.) was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five.

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O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort, BWV 60

O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort (O eternity, you word of thunder),, is a church cantata for the 24th Sunday after Trinity composed by Johann Sebastian Bach.

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Olivier Messiaen

Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen (December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French composer, organist, and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century.

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Overture (from French ouverture, "opening") in music is the term originally applied to the instrumental introduction to an opera.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

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Préludes (Debussy)

Claude Debussy's Préludes are 24 pieces for solo piano, divided into two books of 12 preludes each.

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Prince Igor

Prince Igor (Князь Игорь, Knyaz' Igor') is an opera in four acts with a prologue, written and composed by Alexander Borodin.

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A raga or raaga (IAST: rāga; also raag or ragam; literally "coloring, tingeing, dyeing") is a melodic framework for improvisation akin to a melodic mode in Indian classical music.

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Roger Kamien

Roger Kamien (born 1934) is a retired professor emeritus of musicology in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.

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Ruslan and Lyudmila (opera)

Ruslan and Lyudmila (translit is an opera in five acts (eight tableaux) composed by Mikhail Glinka between 1837 and 1842. The opera is based on the 1820 poem of the same name by Alexander Pushkin. The Russian libretto was written by Valerian Shirkov, Nestor Kukolnik and N. A. Markevich, among others. Pushkin's death in the famous duel prevented him from writing the libretto himself as planned. Today, the best-known music from the opera is its overture.

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Sadko (opera)

Sadko (Садко, the name of the main character) is an opera in seven scenes by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov.

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Scale (music)

In music theory, a scale is any set of musical notes ordered by fundamental frequency or pitch.

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Scheherazade, or Shahrazad (شهرزاد, derived from Middle Persian Čehrāzād), is a character and the storyteller in One Thousand and One Nights.

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Scheherazade (Rimsky-Korsakov)

Scheherazade, also commonly Sheherazade (ʂɨxʲɪrɐˈzadə), Op. 35, is a symphonic suite composed by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov in 1888 and based on One Thousand and One Nights (also known as The Arabian Nights).

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A semitone, also called a half step or a half tone, is the smallest musical interval commonly used in Western tonal music, and it is considered the most dissonant when sounded harmonically.

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Seven Early Songs (Berg)

The Seven Early Songs (Sieben frühe Lieder) (c. 1905 – 1908), are early compositions of Alban Berg, written while he was under the tutelage of Arnold Schoenberg.

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Sinfonietta (Janáček)

The Sinfonietta (subtitled “Military Sinfonietta” or “Sokol Festival”) is a very expressive and festive, late work for large orchestra (of which 25 are brass players) by the Czech composer Leoš Janáček.

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Stevie Wonder

Stevland Hardaway Morris (né Judkins; born May 13, 1950), known by his stage name Stevie Wonder, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and multi-instrumentalist.

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String Quartet No. 5 (Bartók)

The String Quartet No.

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Symmetric scale

In music, a symmetric scale is a music scale which equally divides the octave.

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The Stone Guest (Dargomyzhsky)

The Stone Guest (Каменный гость in Cyrillic, Kamennyj gost' in transliteration) is an opera in three acts by Alexander Dargomyzhsky from a libretto taken almost verbatim from Alexander Pushkin's play of the same name which had been written in blank verse and which forms part of his collection Little Tragedies.

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Thelonious Monk

Thelonious Sphere Monk (October 10, 1917 – February 17, 1982) was an American jazz pianist and composer.

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Tonality is the arrangement of pitches and/or chords of a musical work in a hierarchy of perceived relations, stabilities, attractions and directionality.

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Tone row

In music, a tone row or note row (Reihe or Tonreihe), also series or set,George Perle, Serial Composition and Atonality: An Introduction to the Music of Schoenberg, Berg, and Webern, fourth Edition (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 1977): 3.

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Tonic (music)

In music, the tonic is the first scale degree of a diatonic scale (the first note of a scale) and the tonal center or final resolution tone that is commonly used in the final cadence in tonal (musical key-based) classical music, popular music and traditional music.

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Triad (music)

In music, a triad is a set of three notes (or "pitches") that can be stacked vertically in thirds.

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Tritone substitution

The tritone substitution is one of the most common chord substitutions found in jazz and was the precursor to more complex substitution patterns like Coltrane changes.

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Turnaround (music)

In jazz, a turnaround is a passage at the end of a section which leads to the next section.

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Ustād (abbreviated as Ust., Ut. or Ud.; from Persian استاد) is an honorific title for a man used in the Middle East, South Asia and Southeast Asia.

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Violin Concerto (Berg)

Alban Berg's Violin Concerto was written in 1935 (the score is dated 11 August 1935).

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Vladimir Rebikov

Vladimir Ivanovich Rebikov (Влади́мир Ива́нович Ре́биков, Vladi'mir Iva'novič Re'bikov; born May 31 1866 - Krasnoyarsk, Siberia, Russia — died October 1, 1920 - Yalta, Crimea) was a late romantic 20th-century Russian composer and pianist.

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Wayne Shorter

Wayne Shorter (born August 25, 1933) is an American jazz saxophonist and composer.

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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.

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You Are the Sunshine of My Life

"You Are the Sunshine of My Life" is a 1973 single released by Stevie Wonder.

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"almost whole-tone" hexachord, 6-35, 6-TET, Whole-tone Scale, Whole-tone scale, Wholetone scale.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whole_tone_scale

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