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C. Handy, Wah-wah pedal, Wallace Roney, Ward Kimball, Wayne Shorter, Weather Report, Weather Report (1971 album), West Africa, West Coast jazz, When Harry Met Sally..., Whiteness studies, William Krell, William Manuel Johnson, Willie Bobo, Women in jazz, Woody Herman, Word of the year, Work song, World music, Wynton Marsalis, YouTube, Zbigniew Namysłowski, 369th Infantry Regiment (United States). Expand index (683 more) » « Shrink index
A & C Black is a British book publishing company, owned since 2002 by Bloomsbury Publishing.
"A Night in Tunisia" or "Night in Tunisia" is a musical composition written by Dizzy Gillespie around 1941-2 while Gillespie was playing with the Benny Carter Band.
A Tribe Called Quest was an American hip-hop collective formed in 1985 and originally composed of MC and main producer Q-Tip,.
Abakuá is an Afro-Cuban men's initiatory fraternity, or secret society, which originated from fraternal associations in the Cross River region of southeastern Nigeria and southwestern Cameroon.
Anna Marie Wooldridge (August 6, 1930 – August 14, 2010), known by her stage name Abbey Lincoln, was an African-American jazz vocalist, songwriter, and actress, who wrote and performed her own compositions.
Acid jazz, also known as club jazz, is a musical genre that combines elements of jazz, soul, funk, and disco.
Adelaide Louise Hall (20 October 1901 – 7 November 1993) was an American–born UK–based jazz singer and entertainer.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
The African diaspora consists of the worldwide collection of communities descended from Africa's peoples, predominantly in the Americas.
African-American music is an umbrella term covering a diverse range of musics and musical genres largely developed by African Americans.
"Afro Blue" is a jazz standard composed by Mongo Santamaría, perhaps best known in its arrangement by John Coltrane.
Afro-Caribbean music is a broad term for music styles originating in the Caribbean from the African diaspora.
The term Afro-Cuban refers to Cubans who mostly have West African ancestry, and to historical or cultural elements in Cuba thought to emanate from this community.
Afro-Cuban jazz is the earliest form of Latin jazz.
Afrobeat, also known as afrofunk, is a music genre which developed in the 1970s when African musicians began combining elements of West African musical styles such as jùjú music and highlife with American funk and jazz influences, with a focus on chanted vocals, complex intersecting rhythms, and percussion.
Agharta is a 1975 live double album by American jazz trumpeter, composer, and bandleader Miles Davis.
Airto Moreira (born August 5, 1941) is a Brazilian jazz drummer and percussionist.
Al Laurence Di Meola (born July 22, 1954) is an American jazz, jazz fusion, and world music guitarist.
Alwin Lopez "Al" Jarreau (March 12, 1940 – February 12, 2017) was an American singer and musician.
Albert Ayler (July 13, 1936 – November 25, 1970) was an American avant-garde jazz saxophonist, singer and composer.
Albert Mangelsdorff (September 5, 1928 – July 25, 2005) was one of the most accredited and innovative trombonists of modern jazz who became famous for his use of multiphonics.
Alcide Patrick Nunez (March 17, 1884 – September 2, 1934), also known as Yellow Nunez and Al Nunez, was an early American jazz clarinetist.
Alice Coltrane (née McLeod, August 27, 1937 – January 12, 2007), also known by her adopted Sanskrit name Turiyasangitananda or Turiya Alice Coltrane, was an American jazz pianist, organist, harpist, singer, composer, and swamini.
An all-female band is a musical group in popular music which is exclusively composed of female musicians.
AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide or AMG) is an online music guide.
In music, an altered chord, an example of alteration, is a chord with one or more notes from the diatonic scale replaced by a neighboring pitch in the chromatic scale.
Altissimo (Italian for very high) is the uppermost register on woodwind instruments.
Ambient music is a genre of music that puts an emphasis on tone and atmosphere over traditional musical structure or rhythm.
American march music is march music written and/or performed in the United States.
American Quarterly is an academic journal and the official publication of the American Studies Association.
Amiri Baraka (born Everett LeRoi Jones; October 7, 1934 – January 9, 2014), previously known as LeRoi Jones and Imamu Amear Baraka, was an African-American writer of poetry, drama, fiction, essays and music criticism.
An analog (or analogue) synthesizer is a synthesizer that uses analog circuits and analog signals to generate sound electronically.
Anita Denise Baker (born January 26, 1958) is an American singer-songwriter.
Anita O'Day (born Anita Belle Colton; October 18, 1919 – November 23, 2006) was an American jazz singer widely admired for her sense of rhythm and dynamics, and her early big band appearances that shattered the traditional image of the "girl singer".
Antônio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim (January 25, 1927December 8, 1994), also known as Tom Jobim, was a Brazilian composer, pianist, songwriter, arranger and singer.
Anthony Braxton (born June 4, 1945) is an American composer and multi-instrumentalist who is known in the genre of free jazz.
Archie Shepp (born May 24, 1937) is an American jazz saxophonist.
Armando Peraza (May 30, 1924 – April 14, 2014) was a Latin jazz percussionist and a member of the rock band Santana.
Arna Wendell Bontemps (October 13, 1902 – June 4, 1973) was an American poet, novelist and librarian, and a noted member of the Harlem Renaissance.
Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 187413 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter.
In music, an arrangement is a musical reconceptualization of a previously composed work.
Arthur "Art" Blakey (October 11, 1919 – October 16, 1990) was an American jazz drummer and bandleader.
Art music (alternately called classical music, cultivated music, serious music, and canonic music) is music that implies advanced structural and theoretical considerationsJacques Siron, "Musique Savante (Serious music)", Dictionnaire des mots de la musique (Paris: Outre Mesure): 242.
Art rock is a subgenre of rock music that generally reflects a challenging or avant-garde approach to rock, or which makes use of modernist, experimental, or unconventional elements.
Arthur Tatum Jr. (October 13, 1909 – November 5, 1956) was an American jazz pianist.
Artie Shaw (born Arthur Jacob Arshawsky; May 23, 1910 – December 30, 2004) was an American clarinetist, composer, bandleader, and actor.
Ascension is a jazz album by John Coltrane recorded in 1965 and released in 1966.
The Atlantic slave trade or transatlantic slave trade involved the transportation by slave traders of enslaved African people, mainly to the Americas.
Jazz music has a long history in Australia.
The Australian Jazz Museum (AJM), incorporating the Victorian Jazz Archive (VJA), is located in Wantirna, Victoria.
Avant-garde jazz (also known as avant-jazz) is a style of music and improvisation that combines avant-garde art music and composition with jazz.
The Azerbaijani jazz (Azərbaycan cazı) is a popular variety of jazz, widespread in Azerbaijan.
Bal-musette is a style of French music and dance that first became popular in Paris in the 1880s.
Balkan jazz is jazz from the Balkans Region of southern Europe.
A ballad is a form of verse, often a narrative set to music.
Baltimore jazz is a major part of the music of Baltimore, Maryland, and is a field that has produced several well-known artists, including Billie Holiday, Cab Calloway, Chick Webb and Cyrus Chestnut, as well as local performers like Ethel Ennis and Rivers Chambers.
The banjo is a four-, five- or six-stringed instrument with a thin membrane stretched over a frame or cavity as a resonator, called the head.
Basic Books is a book publisher founded in 1952 and located in New York, now an imprint of Hachette Books.
Basin Street or Rue Bassin in French, is a street in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Bass describes tones of low (also called "deep") frequency, pitch and range from 16-256 Hz (C0 to middle C4) and bass instruments that produce tones in the low-pitched range C2-C4.
In music and music theory, the beat is the basic unit of time, the pulse (regularly repeating event), of the mensural level (or beat level).
Bebop or bop is a style of jazz developed in the early to mid-1940s in the United States, which features songs characterized by a fast tempo, complex chord progressions with rapid chord changes and numerous changes of key, instrumental virtuosity, and improvisation based on a combination of harmonic structure, the use of scales and occasional references to the melody.
A bell pattern is a rhythmic pattern of striking a hand-held bell or other instrument of the Idiophone family, to make it emit a sound at desired intervals.
Bengt Hallberg (13 September 1932 – 2 July 2013) was a Swedish jazz pianist, composer and arranger.
Bennie Green (April 16, 1923 – March 23, 1977) was an American jazz trombonist.
Benjamin David "Benny" Goodman (May 30, 1909 – June 13, 1986) was an American jazz clarinetist and bandleader known as the "King of Swing".
Benny Green (born April 4, 1963) is an American hard bop jazz pianist who was a member of Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers.
Bessie Smith (April 15, 1894 – September 26, 1937) was an American blues singer.
Betty Carter (born Lillie Mae Jones; May 16, 1929 – September 26, 1998) was an American jazz singer known for her improvisational technique, scatting and other complex musical abilities that demonstrated her vocal talent and imaginative interpretation of lyrics and melodies.
A big band is a type of musical ensemble that usually consists of ten or more musicians with four sections: saxophones, trumpets, trombones, and a rhythm section.
Biguine is a rhythm-centric style of music that originated in Guadeloupe and Martinique in the 19th century.
'Wild' Bill Davison (January 5, 1906, Defiance, Ohio – November 14, 1989, Santa Barbara, California) was an American jazz cornet player.
Bill Dixon (October 5, 1925 – June 16, 2010) was an American musician, composer, visual artist, and educator.
William John Evans (August 16, 1929 – September 15, 1980) was an American jazz pianist and composer who mostly worked in a trio setting.
Bill Laswell (born February 12, 1955, Salem, Illinois, and raised in Albion, Michigan) is an American bassist, producer and record label owner.
Bill Pierce (also Billy Pierce) (born September 25, 1948 in Hampton, Virginia) is an American jazz saxophonist.
Eleanora Fagan (April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959), better known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz singer with a career spanning nearly thirty years.
Wilhelmina Goodson, known professionally as Billie Pierce (June 8, 1907 – September 29, 1974), was an American jazz pianist and singer.
Willis Robert "Billy" Drummond, Jr. (born June 19, 1959 in Newport News, Virginia) is an American jazz drummer.
William Taylor (July 24, 1921 – December 28, 2010) was an American jazz pianist, composer, broadcaster and educator.
Birth of the Cool is a compilation album by American jazz musician Miles Davis, released in 1957 on Capitol Records.
Bitches Brew is a studio double album by American jazz musician Miles Davis, released on March 30, 1970, on Columbia Records.
Leon Bismark "Bix" Beiderbecke (March 10, 1903 – August 6, 1931) was an American jazz cornetist, pianist, and composer.
The Black Arts Movement, Black Aesthetics Movement or BAM is the artistic outgrowth of the Black Power movement that was prominent in the 1960s and early 1970s.
The Black Codes were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866 in the United States after the American Civil War with the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt.
Black nationalism is a type of nationalism which espouses the belief that black people are a nation and seeks to develop and maintain a black identity.
Black Orpheus (Orfeu Negro) is a 1959 romantic tragedy film made in Brazil by French director Marcel Camus and starring Marpessa Dawn and Breno Mello.
Blackface was and is a form of theatrical make-up used predominantly by non-black performers to represent a caricature of a black person.
In jazz and blues, a blue note (also "worried" note) is a note that—for expressive purposes—is sung or played at a slightly different pitch than standard.
Blue Note Records is an American jazz record label that is owned by Universal Music Group and operated with Decca Records.
Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music named after Kentucky mandolin player and songwriter Bill Monroe's band, the Bluegrass Boys 1939-96, and furthered by musicians who played with him, including 5-string banjo player Earl Scruggs and guitarist Lester Flatt, or who simply admired the high-energy instrumental and vocal music Monroe's group created, and carried it on into new bands, some of which created subgenres (Progressive Bluegrass, Newgrass, Dawg Music etc.). Bluegrass is influenced by the music of Appalachia and other styles, including gospel and jazz.
Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century.
George Robert Crosby (August 23, 1913 – March 9, 1993) was an American jazz singer and bandleader, known for his group the Bob-Cats.
Sidney Keith "Bob" Russell (April 25, 1914 – February 1970) was an American songwriter (mainly lyricist) born in Passaic, New Jersey.
Bernard Olabinjo "Bobby" Benson (11 April 1922 – 14 May 1983) was an entertainer and musician who had considerable influence on the Nigerian music scene, introducing big band and Caribbean idioms to the Highlife style of popular West African music.
Bobby Sanabria is an American drummer and percussionist of Puerto Rican descent who specializes in jazz and Latin jazz.
Bobby Watson (born August 23, 1953 in Lawrence, Kansas) is an American saxophonist, composer, and educator.
Boney James, (born James Oppenheim, September 1, 1961) is an American saxophonist, songwriter and record producer.
Boogie-woogie is a musical genre that became popular during the late 1920s, but developed in African-American communities in the 1870s.
Bossa nova is a genre of Brazilian music, which was developed and popularized in the 1950s and 1960s and is today one of the best-known Brazilian music genres abroad.
Bradford Alexander "Brad" Mehldau (born August 23, 1970) is an American jazz pianist, composer, and arranger.
Branford Marsalis (born August 26, 1960) is an American saxophonist, composer and bandleader.
Milton Aubrey "Brew" Moore (March 26, 1924 – August 19, 1973), was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.
British jazz is a form of music derived from American jazz.
Lawrence "Bud" Freeman (April 13, 1906 – March 15, 1991) was an American jazz musician, bandleader, and composer, known mainly for playing the tenor saxophone, but also able at the clarinet.
Earl Rudolph "Bud" Powell (September 27, 1924 – July 31, 1966) was an American jazz pianist.
Charles Joseph "Buddy" Bolden (September 6, 1877 – November 4, 1931) was an African-American cornetist who was regarded by contemporaries as a key figure in the development of a New Orleans style of rag-time music, or "jass", which later came to be known as jazz.
Jens Christian Bugge Wesseltoft (born 1 February 1964) is a Norwegian jazz musician, pianist, composer and producer, son of the jazz guitarist Erik Wesseltoft.
Cabell "Cab" Calloway III (December 25, 1907 – November 18, 1994) was an American jazz singer and bandleader.
The cakewalk or cake walk was a dance developed from the "prize walks" held in the late 19th century, generally at get-togethers on black slave plantations after emancipation in the Southern United States.
Callen Radcliffe "Cal" Tjader, Jr. (July 16, 1925 – May 5, 1982) was an American Latin jazz musician, known as the most successful non-Latino Latin musician.
In music, a call and response is a succession of two distinct phrases usually written in different parts of the music, where the second phrase is heard as a direct commentary on or in response to the first.
The Camelia Brass Band (also in sit-down variation the Camelia Dance Orchestra) was a brass band from New Orleans, founded by Wooden Joe Nicholas around 1917 or 1918.
Canadian jazz refers to the jazz and jazz-related music performed by jazz bands and performers in Canada.
Elizete Cardoso's 1958 album Canção do Amor Demais is officially considered the first bossa nova album, mostly because it was the first time João Gilberto's guitar beat, from then on the official bossa beat, was heard (Gilberto played on the tracks "Chega de Saudade" and "Outra Vez").
Julian Edwin "Cannonball" Adderley (September 15, 1928 – August 8, 1975) was an American jazz alto saxophonist of the hard bop era of the 1950s and 1960s.
Cape jazz (more often written Cape Jazz) is a genre of jazz that is performed in the very southern part of Africa, the name being a reference to Cape Town, South Africa.
"Caravan" is a jazz standard that was composed by Juan Tizol and Duke Ellington and first performed by Ellington in 1936.
Carla Bley (née Lovella May Borg; born May 11, 1936) is an American jazz composer, pianist, organist and bandleader.
, is a Japanese jazz fusion band formed in 1976 by guitarist Issei Noro, bassist Tetsuo Sakurai and keyboardist Hidehiko Koike.
Cassandra Wilson (born December 4, 1955) is an American jazz musician, vocalist, songwriter, and producer from Jackson, Mississippi.
Cecil Percival Taylor (March 15, 1929 - April 5, 2018) was an American pianist and poet.
The 1957 Encyclopédie Laroussequoted in Nattiez, Jean-Jacques (1990).
Chaka Khan (born Yvette Marie Stevens, March 23, 1953) is an American recording artist whose career has spanned five decades, beginning in the 1970s as the lead vocalist and focal point of the funk band Rufus.
Chamber jazz is a genre of jazz involving small, acoustic-based ensembles where group interplay is important.
Chamber music is a form of classical music that is composed for a small group of instruments—traditionally a group that could fit in a palace chamber or a large room.
Luciano Pozo González (January 7, 1915 in Havana – December 3, 1948 in New York City), known professionally as Chano Pozo was a Cuban jazz percussionist, singer, dancer, and composer.
A chant (from French chanter, from Latin cantare, "to sing") is the iterative speaking or singing of words or sounds, often primarily on one or two main pitches called reciting tones.
Charles Fambrough (August 25, 1950January 1, 2011) was an American jazz bassist, composer and record producer from Philadelphia.
Charles Gayle (born February 28, 1939) is an American free jazz musician.
Charles Mingus Jr. (April 22, 1922 – January 5, 1979) was an American jazz double bassist, pianist, composer and bandleader.
Charlie Lee Byrd (September 16, 1925 – December 2, 1999) was an American guitarist.
Charles Henry Christian (July 29, 1916 – March 2, 1942) was an American swing and jazz guitarist.
Charles Parker Jr. (August 29, 1920 – March 12, 1955), also known as Yardbird and Bird, was an American jazz saxophonist and composer.
"Chega de Saudade" (published English version is "No More Blues") is often considered to be the first recorded bossa nova song.
Chesney Henry "Chet" Baker Jr. (December 23, 1929 – May 13, 1988) was an American jazz trumpeter and vocalist.
The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, owned by Tronc, Inc., formerly Tribune Publishing.
Armando Anthony "Chick" Corea (born June 12, 1941) is an American jazz pianist/electric keyboardist and composer.
A chord progression or harmonic progression is a succession of musical chords, which are two or more notes, typically sounded simultaneously.
In music theory, chord substitution is the technique of using a chord in place of another in a sequence of chords, or a chord progression.
Chris Potter (born January 1, 1971) is an American jazz saxophonist, composer, and multi-instrumentalist.
Christian Lee McBride (born May 31, 1972) is an American jazz bassist and record producer.
Chromaticism is a compositional technique interspersing the primary diatonic pitches and chords with other pitches of the chromatic scale.
A cinquillo is a typical Cuban/Caribbean rhythmic cell, used in the Cuban contradanza (the "habanera") and the danzón.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
Achille-Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer.
Claude Driskett Hopkins (August 24, 1903 – February 19, 1984) was an American jazz stride pianist and bandleader.
The clave is a rhythmic pattern used as a tool for temporal organization in Afro-Cuban music.
Claves are a percussion instrument (idiophone), consisting of a pair of short (about, thick dowels. Traditionally they are made of wood, typically rosewood, ebony or grenadilla. In modern times they are also made of fibreglass or plastics. When struck they produce a bright clicking noise. Claves are sometimes hollow and carved in the middle to amplify the sound.
The Clef Club was a popular entertainment venue and society for African-American musicians in Harlem, achieving its largest success in the 1910s.
Clef Records was an American jazz record label founded by Norman Granz in 1946.
Clifford Benjamin Brown (October 30, 1930 – June 26, 1956), also known as "Brownie", was an American jazz trumpeter.
Coleman Randolph Hawkins (November 21, 1904 – May 19, 1969), nicknamed "Hawk" and sometimes "Bean", was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.
The conga, also known as tumbadora, is a tall, narrow, single-headed drum from Cuba.
The Congo River (also spelled Kongo River and known as the Zaire River) is the second longest river in Africa after the Nile and the second largest river in the world by discharge volume of water (after the Amazon), and the world's deepest river with measured depths in excess of.
Congo Square (Place Congo) is an open space, now within Louis Armstrong Park, which is located in the Tremé neighborhood of New Orleans, Louisiana, just across Rampart Street north of the French Quarter.
Conrad Janis (born February 11, 1928) is an American jazz trombonist and actor.
In music, consonance and dissonance are categorizations of simultaneous or successive sounds.
Continuum International Publishing Group was an academic publisher of books with editorial offices in London and New York City.
Contradanza (also called contradanza criolla, danza, danza criolla, or habanera) is the Spanish and Spanish-American version of the contradanse, which was an internationally popular style of music and dance in the 18th century, derived from the English country dance and adopted at the court of France.
Cool jazz is a style of modern jazz music that arose in the United States after World War II.
Charles Melvin "Cootie" Williams (July 10, 1911 – September 15, 1985) was an American jazz, jump blues, and rhythm and blues trumpeter.
Cory Alexander Henry (born February 27, 1987) is an American jazz organist and pianist, gospel musician, and music producer.
The Cotton Club was a New York City nightclub located in Harlem on 142nd Street and Lenox Avenue from 1923 to 1935, then briefly in the midtown Theater District from 1936 to 1940.
William James "Count" Basie (August 21, 1904 – April 26, 1984) was an American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer.
Courtney Pine CBE (born 18 March 1964 in London) is a British jazz musician, who was the principal founder in the 1980s of the black British band the Jazz Warriors.
Craig Mitchell Handy (born September 25, 1962) is an American tenor saxophonist.
In music, a cross-beat or cross-rhythm is a specific form of polyrhythm.
Crossings is the tenth album by jazz pianist Herbie Hancock, released in 1972.
Crossover jazz is a genre of music that combines jazz with other genres to appeal to a bigger audience.
Curtis Lundy (born October 1, 1955) is an American double bass player, composer, producer, choir director and arranger.
Cyrus Chestnut (born January 17, 1963) is an American jazz pianist, composer and producer.
Dance to the Music is the second studio album by funk/soul band Sly and the Family Stone, released April 27, 1968 on Epic/CBS Records.
Danish jazz goes back to 1923 when Valdemar Eiberg formed a jazz orchestra and recorded what are thought to be the first Danish jazz records in August 1924 ("I've Got a Cross-Eyed Papa" and "In Bluebird Land").
Dansband ("dance band"), or danseband in Norwegian and Danish, is a Swedish term for a band that plays dansbandsmusik ("dance band music").
Darktown Strutters' Ball is a popular song by Shelton Brooks, published in 1917.
David Warren Brubeck (December 6, 1920 – December 5, 2012) was an American jazz pianist and composer, considered to be one of the foremost exponents of cool jazz.
David Liebman (born September 4, 1946) is an American saxophonist and flautist.
Dave Tough (April 26, 1907 – December 9, 1948, was an American jazz drummer associated with Dixieland and swing jazz in the 1930s and 1940s.
David Murray (born February 19, 1955) is an American jazz musician who plays tenor saxophone and bass clarinet mainly.
David Sanborn (born July 30, 1945) is an American alto saxophonist.
The Deep South is a cultural and geographic subregion in the Southern United States.
Dennis Irwin (November 28, 1951, Birmingham, Alabama - March 10, 2008) was an American jazz double bassist.
A descarga (literally discharge in Spanish) is an improvised jam session consisting of variations on Cuban music themes, primarily son montuno, but also guajira, bolero, guaracha and rumba.
Diana Jean Krall, OC, OBC (born November 16, 1964) is a Canadian jazz pianist and singer, known for her contralto vocals.
Dinah Washington (born Ruth Lee Jones; August 29, 1924 – December 14, 1963) was an American singer and pianist, who has been cited as "the most popular black female recording artist of the '50s".
Dis Is da Drum is Herbie Hancock's thirty-ninth album and his first solo album since leaving Columbia Records. Tracks like "Bo Ba Be Da" and "Dis Is da Drum" reflect Hancock's move towards acid jazz, while "Butterfly" makes a fourth appearance on a Hancock album following the original album (Thrust), a live album (Flood), and another studio album (Direct Step).
Distortion and overdrive are forms of audio signal processing used to alter the sound of amplified electric musical instruments, usually by increasing their gain, producing a "fuzzy", "growling", or "gritty" tone.
Dixieland, sometimes referred to as hot jazz or traditional jazz, is a style of jazz based on the music that developed in New Orleans at the start of the 20th century.
John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie (October 21, 1917 – January 6, 1993) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer, and singer.
Jean Reinhardt (or; 23 January 1910 – 16 May 1953) stage name Django Reinhardt, was a Belgian-born Romani French jazz guitarist, musician and composer, regarded as one of the greatest musicians of the twentieth century.
"Do Nothing till You Hear from Me" (also written as "Do Nothin' Til You Hear From Me") is a song with music by Duke Ellington and lyrics by Bob Russell.
In music theory, a dominant seventh chord, or major minor seventh chord, is a chord composed of a root, major third, perfect fifth, and minor seventh.
Donald Stewart Cherry (born February 5, 1934) is a Canadian ice hockey commentator.
Donald Johnson Ellis (July 25, 1934 – December 17, 1978) was an American jazz trumpeter, drummer, composer, and bandleader.
Don Gabriel Pullen (December 25, 1941 – April 22, 1995) was an American jazz pianist and organist.
Donald Matthew Redman (July 29, 1900 – November 30, 1964) was an American jazz musician, arranger, bandleader, and composer.
Donald Ray Brown (born March 28, 1954) is an American jazz pianist and producer.
Donaldson Toussaint L'Ouverture Byrd II (December 9, 1932 – February 4, 2013) was an American jazz and rhythm & blues trumpeter.
Donald Harrison Jr. (born June 23, 1960) is an American jazz saxophonist from New Orleans, Louisiana.
Doo-Bop is the last studio album by American jazz musician Miles Davis.
Dorothy Fields (July 15, 1905 – March 28, 1974) was an American librettist and lyricist.
DownBeat (stylized DOWNBEAT) is an American magazine devoted to "jazz, blues and beyond", the last word indicating its expansion beyond the jazz realm which it covered exclusively in previous years.
A drum kit — also called a drum set, trap set, or simply drums — is a collection of drums and other percussion instruments, typically cymbals, which are set up on stands to be played by a single player, with drumsticks held in both hands, and the feet operating pedals that control the hi-hat cymbal and the beater for the bass drum.
Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974) was an American composer, pianist, and bandleader of a jazz orchestra, which he led from 1923 until his death in a career spanning over fifty years.
Dutch jazz refers to the jazz music of the Netherlands.
Earl Kenneth Hines, universally known as Earl "Fatha" Hines (December 28, 1903 – April 22, 1983), was an American jazz pianist and bandleader.
Osten Harvey Jr. (born December 8, 1965), better known by his stage name Easy Mo Bee, is a hip hop and R&B record producer, known for production work for late 1980s with artists such as Big Daddy Kane and Miles Davis, as well as his affiliation with Bad Boy Records in its early years and his heavy production involvement in The Notorious B.I.G.'s debut album Ready to Die.
Eberhard Weber (born 22 January 1940 in Stuttgart) is a German double bassist and composer.
ECM (Edition of Contemporary Music) is an independent record label founded by Manfred Eicher in Munich in 1969.
Edward F. Davis (March 2, 1922 – November 3, 1986), known professionally as Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis, was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.
Albert Edwin Condon (November 16, 1905 – August 4, 1973) was an American jazz banjoist, guitarist, and bandleader.
Eddie Harris (October 20, 1934 – November 5, 1996) was an American jazz musician, best known for playing tenor saxophone and for introducing the electrically amplified saxophone.
Eddie Lang (October 25, 1902 – March 26, 1933) is known as the father of jazz guitar.
Eduardo "Eddie" Palmieri (born December 15, 1936) is a Grammy Award-winning pianist, bandleader, musician, and composer of Puerto Rican ancestry.
Electronic music is music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments and circuitry-based music technology.
Elizeth Moreira Cardoso (sometimes listed as Elizete Cardoso) (Rio de Janeiro, July 16, 1920 – May 7, 1990), was a singer and actress of great renown in Brazil.
Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996) was an American jazz singer sometimes referred to as the First Lady of Song, Queen of Jazz, and Lady Ella.
Ellis Louis Marsalis Jr. (born November 14, 1934) is an American jazz pianist.
Emergency! is the debut double album by American jazz fusion group The Tony Williams Lifetime.
Eric Allan Dolphy, Jr. (June 20, 1928 – June 29, 1964) was an American jazz alto saxophonist, bass clarinetist and flautist.
Ernst Wilhelm Julius Bornemann (April 12, 1915 – June 4, 1995) was a German crime writer, filmmaker, anthropologist, ethnomusicologist, psychoanalyst, sexologist, communist agitator, jazz musician and critic.
Ernest Hogan (born Ernest Reuben Crowdus; 1865 – May 20, 1909) was the first African-American entertainer to produce and star in a Broadway show (The Oyster Man in 1907) and helped to popularize the musical genre of ragtime.
Esbjörn Svensson Trio (or e.s.t.) was a Swedish jazz piano trio formed in 1993 consisting of Esbjörn Svensson (piano), Dan Berglund (double bass), and Magnus Öström (drums).
Ethel Waters (October 31, 1896 – September 1, 1977) was an American singer and actress.
James Hubert Blake (February 7, 1887February 12, 1983), known as Eubie Blake, was an American composer, lyricist, and pianist of ragtime, jazz, and popular music.
European Americans (also referred to as Euro-Americans) are Americans of European ancestry.
Experimental music is a general label for any music that pushes existing boundaries and genre definitions.
The field holler or field call is a mostly historical type of vocal music sung by African (and later African American) slaves to accompany their work, to communicate usefully, or to vent feelings.
Fila Brazillia was an English electronica duo from Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, England, formed in 1990 by Steve Cobby and David McSherry.
The Firehouse Five Plus Two was a Dixieland jazz band, popular in the 1950s, consisting of members of the Walt Disney Studios animation department.
First Meditations (for quartet) is an album by John Coltrane recorded on September 2, 1965 and posthumously released in 1977.
James Fletcher Hamilton Henderson Jr. (December 18, 1897 – December 29, 1952) was an American pianist, bandleader, arranger and composer, important in the development of big band jazz and swing music.
Flip Phillips (March 26, 1915 – August 17, 2001) – accessed May 2010 was an American jazz tenor saxophone and clarinet player.
Folk jazz is a broad term for music that pairs traditional folk music with elements of jazz, usually featuring richly texturized songs.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
"Footprints" is a jazz standard composed by Wayne Shorter, first appearing on his 1966 album Adam's Apple.
Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer, actor, and producer who was one of the most popular and influential musical artists of the 20th century.
Frank Vincent Zappa (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American musician, composer, activist and filmmaker.
Orie Frank Trumbauer (May 30, 1901 – June 11, 1956) was one of the leading jazz saxophonists of the 1920s and 1930s.
Federico "Fred" Díaz Elizalde (December 12, 1907January 16, 1979) was a Spanish Filipino classical and jazz pianist, composer, conductor, and bandleader influential in the British dance band era.
Fredrick Malcolm Waring Sr. (June 9, 1900 – July 29, 1984) was a musician, bandleader, and radio and television personality, sometimes referred to as "America's Singing Master" and "The Man Who Taught America How to Sing".
Free-funk is a combination of avant-garde jazz with funk music that developed in the 1970s.
Free jazz is an approach to jazz music that was first developed in the 1950s and 60s as musicians attempted to alter, extend, or break down jazz convention, often by discarding fixed chord changes or tempos.
Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation is the sixth album by jazz saxophonist and composer Ornette Coleman, released on Atlantic Records in 1961, his fourth for the label.
Jazz music has been popular in France since the 1920s.
Funk is a music genre that originated in African American communities in the mid-1960s when African American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B).
Gang Starr was an East Coast hip hop duo that consisted of rapper Guru and DJ/producer DJ Premier.
Gary Burton (born January 23, 1943) is an American jazz vibraphonist, composer, and educator.
Gary Peacock (born May 12, 1935, in Burley, Idaho, United States) is an American jazz double-bassist.
Gary Thomas (born June 10, 1961, Baltimore, Maryland) is an American jazz saxophonist and flautist from Baltimore, Maryland.
Leandro "Gato" Barbieri (28 November 1932 – 2 April 2016) was an Argentine jazz tenor saxophonist who rose to fame during the free jazz movement in the 1960s and is known for his Latin jazz recordings of the 1970s.
The güiro is a Latin American percussion instrument consisting of an open-ended, hollow gourd with parallel notches cut in one side.
Eugene Bertram Krupa (January 15, 1909 – October 16, 1973) was an American jazz and big band drummer, band leader, actor, and composer.
George Jacob Gershwin (September 26, 1898 July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist.
George Allen Russell (June 23, 1923 – July 27, 2009) was an American jazz pianist, composer, arranger and theorist.
George William Meyer a.k.a. Geo.
Gerald Stanley Wilson (September 4, 1918 – September 8, 2014)Don Heckman,, Los Angeles Times, September 8, 2014.
Gerhard Kubik (born December 10, 1934) is an Austrian music ethnologist from Vienna.
Geri Allen (June 12, 1957 – June 27, 2017) was an American jazz pianist and composer.
Gerald Joseph Mulligan (April 6, 1927 – January 20, 1996) was an American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, composer and arranger.
Getz/Gilberto is an album by American saxophonist Stan Getz and Brazilian guitarist João Gilberto, featuring pianist and composer Antônio Carlos Jobim (Tom Jobim), who also composed many of the tracks.
Giant Steps is the fifth studio album by jazz musician John Coltrane as leader, released in 1960 on Atlantic Records, catalogue SD 1311.
Ian Ernest Gilmore "Gil" Evans (born Green; May 13, 1912 – March 20, 1988) was a Canadian jazz pianist, arranger, composer and bandleader.
Alton Glenn Miller (March 1, 1904 – December 15, 1944) The website for Arlington National Cemetery refers to Glenn Miller as "missing in action since Dec.
Gospel music is a genre of Christian music.
A gourd is a plant of the family Cucurbitaceae, particularly Cucurbita and Lagenaria or the fruit of the two genera of Bignoniaceae "calabash tree", Crescentia and Amphitecna.
James Graham Collier OBE (21 February 1937 – 9 September 2011) was an English jazz bassist, bandleader and composer.
Greg Osby (born August 3, 1960) is an American jazz saxophonist who plays mainly in the free jazz, free funk and M-Base idioms.
In music, groove is the sense of propulsive rhythmic "feel" or sense of "swing".
Grover Washington Jr. (December 12, 1943 – December 17, 1999) was an American jazz-funk / soul-jazz saxophonist.
Guaguancó is a subgenre of Cuban rumba, combining percussion, voices, and dance.
A guajeo (Anglicized pronunciation: wa-hey-yo) is a typical Cuban ostinato melody, most often consisting of arpeggiated chords in syncopated patterns.
The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings.
Gunther Alexander Schuller (November 22, 1925June 21, 2015) was an American composer, conductor, horn player, author, historian and jazz musician.
Keith Edward Elam (July 17, 1966April 19, 2010), better known by his stage name Guru (a backronym for Gifted Unlimited Rhymes Universal), was an American rapper, producer, and actor.
Guru's Jazzmatazz, Vol.
Gypsy jazz (also known as gypsy swing or hot club jazz) is a style of jazz music generally accepted to have been started by the gypsy guitarist Jean "Django" Reinhardt in and around Paris in the 1930s.
The Hammond organ is an electric organ, invented by Laurens Hammond and John M. Hanert and first manufactured in 1935.
Han Bennink (born 17 April 1942) is a Dutch jazz drummer and percussionist.
Hard bop is a subgenre of jazz that is an extension of bebop (or "bop") music.
Hardcore punk (often abbreviated to hardcore) is a punk rock music genre and subculture that originated in the late 1970s.
Harihar Rao (January 21, 1927 - January 13, 2013) was an Indian-born American musician, noted for playing tabla and sitar.
In music, harmonization is the chordal accompaniment to a line or melody: "Using chords and melodies together, making harmony by stacking scale tones as triads".
The harp is a stringed musical instrument that has a number of individual strings running at an angle to its soundboard; the strings are plucked with the fingers.
Joseph Harry Fowler Connick Jr. (born September 11, 1967) is an American singer, composer, actor, and television host.
Harry Haag James (March 15, 1916 – July 5, 1983) was an American musician who is best known as a trumpet playing band leader who led a big band from 1939 to 1946.
In music, (German for primary voice) or is the main voice, chief part; i.e., the contrapuntal or melodic line of primary importance, in opposition to.
The Hausa (autonyms for singular: Bahaushe (m), Bahaushiya (f); plural: Hausawa and general: Hausa; exonyms: Ausa) are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa.
Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.
In music, hemiola (also hemiolia) is the ratio 3:2.
Henry Jackson van Dyke Jr. (November 10, 1852 – April 10, 1933) was an American author, educator, and clergyman.
Herbert Jeffrey "Herbie" Hancock (born April 12, 1940) is an American pianist, keyboardist, bandleader, composer and actor.
In music, heterophony is a type of texture characterized by the simultaneous variation of a single melodic line.
Highlife is a music genre that originated in Ghana early in the 20th century.
Hip hop, or hip-hop, is a subculture and art movement developed in the Bronx in New York City during the late 1970s.
In music, homophony (Greek: ὁμόφωνος, homóphōnos, from ὁμός, homós, "same" and φωνή, phōnē, "sound, tone") is a texture in which a primary part is supported by one or more additional strands that flesh out the harmony and often provide rhythmic contrast.
Horace Ward Martin Tavares Silver (September 2, 1928 – June 18, 2014) was an American jazz pianist, composer, and arranger, particularly in the hard bop style that he helped pioneer in the 1950s.
A horn is any of a family of musical instruments made of a tube, usually made of metal and often curved in various ways, with one narrow end into which the musician blows, and a wide end from which sound emerges.
House music is a genre of electronic dance music created by club DJs and music producers in Chicago in the early 1980s.
Howard McGhee (March 6, 1918 – July 17, 1987) was one of the first bebop jazz trumpeters, with Dizzy Gillespie, Fats Navarro and Idrees Sulieman.
Hubert Laws (born November 10, 1939) is an American flutist and saxophonist with a career spanning over 40 years in jazz, classical, and other music genres.
Humppa is a type of music from Finland.
A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities, or to a prominent figure or personification.
"I Got Rhythm" is a piece composed by George Gershwin with lyrics by Ira Gershwin and published in 1930, which became a jazz standard.
Improvisation is creating or performing something spontaneously or making something from whatever is available.
Impulse! Records is an American jazz record company and label established by Creed Taylor in 1960.
In a Silent Way is a studio album by American jazz trumpeter, composer, and bandleader Miles Davis, released on July 30, 1969, on Columbia Records.
Indiana University Press, also known as IU Press, is an academic publisher founded in 1950 at Indiana University that specializes in the humanities and social sciences.
Indo jazz is a musical genre consisting of jazz, classical and Indian influences.
The International Sweethearts of Rhythm was the first integrated all women's band in the United States.
The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and nearly three million public-domain books.
Interscope Records is an American major record label.
Inventions & Dimensions is the third album by Herbie Hancock, recorded on August 30, 1963 for Blue Note Records.
Irakere (faux-Yoruba for 'forest') is a Cuban band founded by pianist Chucho Valdés (son of Bebo Valdés) in 1973.
Iranian jazz refers to jazz music composed by Iranian musicians, sometimes combined with traditional Iranian elements.
Irene Higginbotham (June 11, 1918 – August 27, 1988) was an American songwriter and concert pianist.
Italian jazz refers to jazz music that is played by Italian musicians, or to jazz music that is in some way connected to Italy.
John Lenwood "Jackie" McLean (May 17, 1931 – March 31, 2006) was an American jazz alto saxophonist, composer, bandleader, and educator, and is one of the few musicians to be elected to the ''Down Beat'' Hall of Fame in the year of their death.
John Francis Anthony "Jaco" Pastorius III (December 1, 1951 – September 21, 1987) was an American jazz bassist who was a member of Weather Report from 1976 to 1981.
Jacob Collier (born 2 August 1994) is a British singer, arranger, composer, producer, and multi-instrumentalist based in London, England.
Jaga Jazzist (also known as Jaga) is an experimental jazz band from Norway that rose to prominence when the BBC named their second album, A Livingroom Hush (Smalltown Supersound/Ninja Tune), the best jazz album of 2002.
A jam band is a musical group whose live albums and concerts relate to a fan culture that began in the 1960s with the Grateful Dead, and continued with The Allman Brothers Band, which had lengthy jams at concerts.
James Wesley "Bubber" Miley (April 3, 1903 – May 20, 1932) was an American early jazz trumpet and cornet player, specializing in the use of the plunger mute.
James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933 – December 25, 2006) was an American singer, songwriter, dancer, musician, record producer and bandleader.
James Carter (born January 3, 1969) is an American jazz musician.
James Chance and the Contortions is a musical group led by saxophonist and vocalist James Chance.
James Price Johnson (February 1, 1894 – November 17, 1955) was an American pianist and composer.
James Reese Europe (February 22, 1880 – May 9, 1919), sometimes known as Jim Europe, was an American ragtime and early jazz bandleader, arranger, and composer.
James Williams (March 8, 1951 – July 20, 2004) was an American jazz pianist.
Jamie Cullum (born 20 August 1979) is an English jazz-pop singer-songwriter.
Jan Garbarek (born 4 March 1947) is a Norwegian jazz saxophonist who is also active in classical music and world music.
Japanese jazz, or J-Jazz, is jazz played by Japanese musicians is connected to Japan or Japanese culture.
Jason Moran (born January 21, 1975) is an American jazz pianist, composer and educator, heavily involved in multimedia art and theatrical installations.
Javon Anthony Jackson (born June 16, 1965) is an American jazz tenor saxophonist.
Henri Matisse’s Jazz is a limited-edition art book containing prints of colorful cut-paper collages, accompanied by the artist’s written thoughts.
Jazz is a 2001 documentary miniseries, directed by Ken Burns.
The origin of the word jazz is one of the most sought-after word origins in modern American English.
The Jazz Age was a period in the 1920s and 1930s in which jazz music and dance styles rapidly gained nationwide popularity.
Jazz at the Philharmonic, or JATP (1944–1983), was the title of a series of jazz concerts, tours and recordings produced by Norman Granz.
A jazz funeral is a funeral procession accompanied by a brass band, in the tradition of New Orleans, Louisiana.
Jazz fusion (also known as fusion) is a musical genre that developed in the late 1960s when musicians combined aspects of jazz harmony and improvisation with styles such as funk, rock, rhythm and blues, and Latin jazz.
Yerevan's first jazz band was formed in 1936, by composer Tsolak Vardazaryan.
The history of jazz in Belgium starts with the Dinant instrument maker Adolphe Sax, whose saxophone became part of military bands in New Orleans around 1900 and would develop into the jazz instrument par excellence.
The history and development of jazz in Bulgaria was significantly influenced by the cultural and political changes in the country during the 20th century, which led to the emergence of a genre blending western jazz styles with Bulgarian folk music influences.
An overview of the evolution of Jazz music in Germany reveals that the development of jazz in Germany and its public notice differ from the "motherland" of jazz, the USA, in several respects.
Jazz music in India originated in the 1920s in Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay) and in Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta), where African-American jazz musicians performed.
Jazz piano is a collective term for the techniques pianists use when playing jazz.
Jazz rap is a fusion of jazz and hip hop music that developed in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Jazz royalty is a term encompassing the many jazz musicians who have been termed as exceptionally musically gifted and informally granted honorific, "aristocratic" or "royal" titles as nicknames.
Jazz standards are musical compositions that are an important part of the musical repertoire of jazz musicians, in that they are widely known, performed, and recorded by jazz musicians, and widely known by listeners.
Jazz-funk is a subgenre of jazz music characterized by a strong back beat (groove), electrified sounds and an early prevalence of analog synthesizers.
Alexander Barck, Zelt Musik Festival 2015 in Freiburg, Germany Jazzanova is a German Berlin-based DJ/producer collective consisting of Alexander Barck, Claas Brieler, Jürgen von Knoblauch, Roskow Kretschmann, Stefan Leisering, and Axel Reinemer.
John Jean Goldkette (March 18, 1893 – March 24, 1962) was a jazz pianist and bandleader.
Jean-Luc Ponty (born 29 September 1942) is a French jazz violinist and composer.
Jeanette Kimball (18 December 1906 – 28 March 2001), née Jeanette Salvant, was a classically trained American jazz pianist who played in jazz bands for more than 70 years, mostly in New Orleans.
"Original Jelly Roll Blues", usually shortened to and known as "Jelly Roll Blues", is an early jazz fox-trot composed by Jelly Roll Morton.
Ferdinand Joseph LaMothe (October 20, 1890 – July 10, 1941), known professionally as Jelly Roll Morton, was an American ragtime and early jazz pianist, bandleader and composer who started his career in New Orleans, Louisiana.
James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix; November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American rock guitarist, singer, and songwriter.
James Melvin Lunceford (June 6, 1902 – July 12, 1947) was an American jazz alto saxophonist and bandleader in the swing era.
James Dorsey (February 29, 1904 – June 12, 1957) was a prominent American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, composer and big band leader.
James Peter Giuffre (April 26, 1921 – April 24, 2008) was an American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, composer, and arranger.
James Harrell McGriff (April 3, 1936 – May 24, 2008) was an American hard bop and soul-jazz organist and organ trio bandleader.
James Dugald McPartland (March 15, 1907 – March 13, 1991) was an American cornetist.
James Oscar Smith (December 8, 1925 or 1928 – February 8, 2005) was an American jazz musician who achieved the rare distinction of releasing a series of instrumental jazz albums that often charted on Billboard.
Joachim-Ernst Berendt (20 July 1922 in Berlin – 4 February 2000 in Hamburg) was a German music journalist, book author and producer specialized on jazz.
João Gilberto Prado Pereira de Oliveira, known as João Gilberto (June 10, 1931), is a Brazilian singer, songwriter, and guitarist.
Joseph Arthurlin "Joe" Harriott (15 July 1928 in Kingston, Jamaica – 2 January 1973 in Southampton, Hampshire) was a Jamaican jazz musician and composer, whose principal instrument was the alto saxophone.
Joe Henderson (April 24, 1937 – June 30, 2001) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.
Giuseppe "Joe" Venuti (possibly September 16, 1903 – August 14, 1978) was an Italian-American jazz musician and pioneer jazz violinist.
Josef Erich "Joe" Zawinul (7 July 1932 – 11 September 2007) was an Austrian jazz keyboardist and composer.
John Laird Abercrombie (December 16, 1944 – August 22, 2017) was an American jazz guitarist.
John William Coltrane, also known as "Trane" (September 23, 1926 – July 17, 1967),.
John James Conyers Jr. (born May 16, 1929) is a retired American politician of the Democratic Party who served as a U.S. Representative for Michigan from 1965 to 2017.
John McLaughlin (born 4 January 1942), also known as Mahavishnu John McLaughlin, is an English guitarist, bandleader and composer.
John Scofield (born December 26, 1951), often referred to as "Sco", is an American jazz-rock guitarist and composer whose playing spans bebop, jazz fusion, funk, blues, soul, and rock.
John Storm Roberts (February 24, 1936 – November 29, 2009) was a British-born, U.S.-based ethnomusicologist, writer and record producer.
John Douglas Surman (born 30 August 1944) is an English jazz saxophone, bass clarinet, and synthesizer player, and composer of free jazz and modal jazz, often using themes from folk music.
John Taylor (25 September 1942 – 17 July 2015) was a British jazz pianist born in Manchester, England, who occasionally performed on the organ and the synthesiser.
John Martin Tchicai (April 28, 1936 – October 8, 2012) was a Danish free jazz saxophonist and composer.
John Zorn (born September 2, 1953) is an American composer, arranger, record producer, saxophonist, and multi-instrumentalist with hundreds of album credits as performer, composer, and producer across a variety of genres, including jazz, rock, hardcore, classical, surf, metal, soundtrack, ambient, and improvised music.
John Robert "Johnny Hammond" Smith (December 16, 1933 – June 4, 1997) was an American soul jazz and hard bop organist.
John Cornelius Hodges (July 25, 1907 – May 11, 1970) was an American alto saxophonist, best known for solo work with Duke Ellington's big band.
Joshua Redman (born February 1, 1969) is an American jazz saxophonist and composer.
Juan Tizol Martínez (22 January 1900 – 23 April 1984) was a Puerto Rican trombonist and composer.
The Juba dance or hambone, originally known as Pattin' Juba (Giouba, Haiti: Djouba), is an African American style of dance that involves stomping as well as slapping and patting the arms, legs, chest, and cheeks.
Jump blues is an up-tempo style of blues, usually played by small groups and featuring saxophone or brass instruments.
Jungle Brothers are an American hip hop group composed of Michael Small (Mike Gee), Nathaniel Hall (Afrika Baby Bam), and Sammy Burwell (DJ Sammy B).
Kamasi Washington (born February 18, 1981) is an American jazz saxophonist, composer, producer, and bandleader.
Kansas City jazz is a style of jazz that developed in Kansas City during the 1930s and marked the transition from the structured big band style to the musical improvisation style of Bebop.
Keith Jarrett (born May 8, 1945) is an American jazz and classical music pianist.
Kenneth Lauren Burns (born July 29, 1953) is an American filmmaker, known for his style of using archival footage and photographs in documentary films.
Ken Peplowski (born May 23, 1959) is a jazz clarinetist and tenor saxophonist born in Cleveland, Ohio, known primarily for playing swing music.
Kendrick Lamar Duckworth (born June 17, 1987) is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, and record producer.
Kenny Davis (born September 4, 1961) is an American jazz bassist.
Kenneth Bruce Gorelick (born June 5, 1956), better known by his stage name Kenny G, is an American saxophonist.
Kenny Garrett (born October 9, 1960) is a Grammy Award-winning American post-bop jazz saxophonist and flautist who gained recognition in his youth as a member of the Duke Ellington Orchestra and of Miles Davis's band.
Kenny Washington (born May 29, 1958) is an American jazz drummer born in Staten Island, New York.
Kenneth Vincent John Wheeler, OC (14 January 1930 – 18 September 2014) was a Canadian composer and trumpet and flugelhorn player, based in the U.K. from the 1950s onwards.
Kevin Francis Whitehead (born April 27, 1952 in New York City) is an American jazz critic and author.
A keyboard instrument is a musical instrument played using a keyboard, a row of levers which are pressed by the fingers.
Kind of Blue is a studio album by American jazz trumpeter Miles Davis.
Joseph Nathan Oliver (December 19, 1885 – April 10, 1938) better known as King Oliver or Joe Oliver, was an American jazz cornet player and bandleader.
Kirk Whalum (born July 11, 1958) is an American jazz saxophonist and songwriter.
Kobol is a duo from Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico.
Krautrock (also called " ", cosmic music") is a broad genre of experimental rock that developed in Germany in the late 1960s.
Krzysztof Komeda (born Krzysztof Trzciński; 27 April 1931 – 23 April 1969) was a Polish film music composer and jazz pianist.
Kurt Elling (born November 2, 1967) is an American jazz vocalist, composer, lyricist and vocalese performer.
Kurt Rosenwinkel (born October 28, 1970) is an American jazz guitarist.
Kwela is a pennywhistle-based street music from southern Africa with jazzy underpinnings and a distinctive, skiffle-like beat.
James Mercer Langston Hughes (February 1, 1902 – May 22, 1967) was an American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist from Joplin, Missouri.
Larry Coryell (born Lorenz Albert Van DeLinder III; April 2, 1943 – February 19, 2017) was an American jazz guitarist known as the "Godfather of Fusion".
Larry Young (also known as Khalid Yasin; 7 October 1940 in Newark, New Jersey – 30 March 1978 in New York City) was an American jazz organist and occasional pianist.
Lars Gunnar Victor Gullin (4 May 1928 – 17 May 1976) was a Swedish jazz saxophonist.
Last Exit was a free jazz supergroup composed of electric guitarist Sonny Sharrock, drummer/occasional vocalist Ronald Shannon Jackson, saxophonist Peter Brötzmann, and bass guitarist Bill Laswell.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
Latin jazz is a genre of jazz with Latin American rhythms.
Edward Lee Morgan (July 10, 1938 – February 19, 1972) was an American jazz trumpeter.
In music performance and notation, legato (Italian for "tied together"; French lié; German gebunden) indicates that musical notes are played or sung smoothly and connected.
Leonard Joseph "Lennie" Tristano (March 19, 1919 – November 18, 1978) was an American jazz pianist, composer, arranger, and teacher of jazz improvisation.
Lester William Polsfuss (June 9, 1915 – August 12, 2009), known as Les Paul, was an American jazz, country, and blues guitarist, songwriter, luthier, and inventor.
Lester Willis Young (August 27, 1909 – March 15, 1959), nicknamed "Pres" or "Prez", was an American jazz tenor saxophonist and occasional clarinetist.
Lewis Nash (born December 30, 1958) is an American jazz drummer.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Lil Hardin Armstrong (February 3, 1898 – August 27, 1971) was a jazz pianist, composer, arranger, singer, and bandleader.
Lionel Leo Hampton (April 20, 1908 – August 31, 2002) was an American jazz vibraphonist, pianist, percussionist, bandleader and actor.
Jazz has appeared in various festivals since the genre originated in African American communities during the late 19th and early 20th century.
This is a list of subgenres of jazz music.
This is a list of jazz musicians on whom Wikipedia has articles.
This is an A–Z list of jazz standards.
This is a list of notable venues where jazz music is played.
This is a list of notable American venues where jazz music is played.
"Livery Stable Blues" is a jazz composition copyrighted by Ray Lopez (né Raymond Edward Lopez; 1889–1979) and Alcide Nunez in 1917.
Living Space is a compilation album by jazz musician John Coltrane.
Alonzo "Lonnie" Johnson (February 8, 1899 – June 16, 1970) was an American blues and jazz singer, guitarist, violinist and songwriter.
Lonnie Liston Smith, Jr. (born December 28, 1940) is an American jazz, soul, and funk musician who played with such jazz artists as Pharoah Sanders and Miles Davis before forming Lonnie Liston Smith and the Cosmic Echoes, recording a number of albums widely regarded as classics in the fusion, quiet storm, smooth jazz and acid jazz genres.
Lonnie Plaxico (born 4 September 1960) is an American jazz double bassist.
Lorenzo Tio Jr. (1893–1933) was a master clarinetist from New Orleans, as were his father Lorenzo Tio Sr. (1867–1908) and uncle Louis "Papa" Tio (1862–1922).
Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo, Satch, and Pops, was an American trumpeter, composer, singer and occasional actor who was one of the most influential figures in jazz.
The Hot Five was Louis Armstrong's first jazz recording band led under his own name.
Louis Moreau Gottschalk (New Orleans, May 8, 1829 – Rio de Janeiro, December 18, 1869) was an American composer and pianist, best known as a virtuoso performer of his own romantic piano works.
Louisiana Creole people (Créoles de Louisiane, Gente de Louisiana Creole), are persons descended from the inhabitants of colonial Louisiana during the period of both French and Spanish rule.
Cora "Lovie" Austin (September 19, 1887 – July 8, 1972) was an American Chicago bandleader, session musician, composer, singer, and arranger during the 1920s classic blues era.
Lucius Watters (December 19, 1911 in Santa Cruz, California – November 5, 1989 in Santa Rosa, California) was a trumpeter and bandleader of the Yerba Buena Jazz Band.
Lydia Lunch (born Lydia Anne Koch, June 2, 1959)Martin Charles Strong.
The term "M-Base" is used in several ways.
Machito (born Francisco Raúl Gutiérrez Grillo, December 3, 1908?–April 19, 1984) was a Latin jazz musician who helped refine Afro-Cuban jazz and create both Cubop and salsa music.
Mahavishnu Orchestra were a multinational jazz-rock fusion band formed in New York City in 1971 by English guitarist John McLaughlin.
Maiden Voyage is the fifth album led by jazz musician Herbie Hancock, and was recorded by Rudy Van Gelder on March 17, 1965 for Blue Note Records.
Mainstream jazz is a term that was first established in the 1950s by music journalist Stanley Dance.
The major scale (or Ionian scale) is one of the most commonly used musical scales, especially in Western music.
Mambo is a musical genre and dance style that developed originally in Cuba.
Manila Sound is a musical genre in the Philippines that began in the mid-1970s in Manila, flourished and peaked in the mid to late 1970s, and has not waned in popularity to this day.
"Manteca" is one of the earliest foundational tunes of Afro-Cuban jazz.
The "Maple Leaf Rag" (copyright registered on September 18, 1899) is an early ragtime musical composition for piano composed by Scott Joplin.
Marc Cary (born January 29, 1967) is a post bop jazz pianist based out of New York City.
A march, as a musical genre, is a piece of music with a strong regular rhythm which in origin was expressly written for marching to and most frequently performed by a military band.
A marching band is a group in which instrumental musicians perform while marching, often for entertainment or competition.
Marthaniel "Marcus" Roberts (born August 7, 1963) is an American jazz pianist, composer, arranger, bandleader, and teacher.
Mario Bauzá (April 28, 1911 – July 11, 1993) was an Afro-Cuban jazz musician.
Mark Levine (born 1938) is an American jazz pianist, trombonist, composer, author and educator.
Mark Shim (born November 21, 1973 in Kingston, Jamaica) is a jazz tenor saxophonist.
Mark Whitfield (born October 6, 1966) is an American jazz guitarist.
Mary Lou Williams (born Mary Elfrieda Scruggs; May 8, 1910 – May 28, 1981) was an American jazz pianist, arranger, and composer.
Max Kaminsky (September 7, 1908 – September 6, 1994) was a jazz trumpeter and bandleader of his own Max Kaminsky Orchestra.
Maxwell Lemuel Roach (January 10, 1924 – August 16, 2007) was an American jazz drummer and composer.
The mbira is an African musical instrument consisting of a wooden board (often fitted with a resonator) with attached staggered metal tines, played by holding the instrument in the hands and plucking the tines with the thumbs.
Alfred McCoy Tyner (born December 11, 1938) is a jazz pianist from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, known for his work with the John Coltrane Quartet and a long solo career.
Mecca and the Soul Brother is the critically acclaimed 1992 debut album from the Mount Vernon duo, Pete Rock & CL Smooth.
Melvin Howard Tormé (September 13, 1925 – June 5, 1999), nicknamed The Velvet Fog, was an American musician, best known as a singer of jazz standards.
The Detroit Metro Times is an alternative weekly located in Detroit, Michigan.
Michael Garrick MBE (30 May 1933 – 11 November 2011)Peter Vacher The Guardian, 15 November 2011 was an English jazz pianist and composer, and a pioneer in mixing jazz with poetry recitations and in the use of jazz in large-scale choral works.
Michael Mantler (born August 10, 1943) is an Austrian avant-garde jazz trumpeter and composer of contemporary music.
Microtonal music or microtonality is the use in music of microtones—intervals smaller than a semitone, also called "microintervals".
Michael John David Westbrook (born 21 March 1936) is an English jazz pianist, composer, and writer of orchestrated jazz pieces.
Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926September 28, 1991) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer.
Miles Smiles is an album by jazz musician Miles Davis, released in January 1967 on Columbia Records.
Mini-jazz (mini-djaz) is a reduced méringue-compas band format of the mid-1960s characterized by the rock band formula of two guitars, one bass, and drum-conga-cowbell; some use an alto sax or a full horn section, while others use a keyboard, accordion or lead guitar.
The minstrel show, or minstrelsy, was an American form of entertainment developed in the early 19th century.
Misha Mengelberg (5 June 1935 – 3 March 2017) was a Dutch jazz pianist and composer.
Modal jazz is jazz that uses musical modes rather than chord progressions as a harmonic framework.
In the theory of Western music, a mode is a type of musical scale coupled with a set of characteristic melodic behaviors.
The Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ) was a jazz combo established in 1952 that played music influenced by classical, cool jazz, blues and bebop.
Ramón "Mongo" Santamaría Rodríguez (April 7, 1917 – February 1, 2003) was a rumba quinto master and an Afro-Cuban Latin jazz percussionist.
Mulatto is a term used to refer to people born of one white parent and one black parent or to people born of a mulatto parent or parents.
Mulgrew Miller (August 13, 1955 – May 29, 2013) was an American jazz pianist, composer, and educator.
A multiphonic is an extended technique on a monophonic musical instrument (one which generally produces only one note at a time) in which several notes are produced at once.
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions.
The traditional music of Africa, given the vastness of the continent, is historically ancient, rich and diverse, with different regions and nations of Africa having many distinct musical traditions.
The music of India includes multiple varieties of classical music, folk music, filmi, Indian rock and Indian pop.
Music of Malawi has historically been influenced through its triple cultural heritage (British, African, American).
The music of New Orleans assumes various styles of music which have often borrowed from earlier traditions.
The influence of The Music of West Africa can be found in music elsewhere.
Musical improvisation (also known as musical extemporization) is the creative activity of immediate ("in the moment") musical composition, which combines performance with communication of emotions and instrumental technique as well as spontaneous response to other musicians.
Musique concrète (meaning "concrete music")" problem for any translator of an academic work in French is that the language is relatively abstract and theoretical compared to English; one might even say that the mode of thinking itself tends to be more schematic, with a readiness to see material for study in terms of highly abstract dualisms and correlations, which on occasion does not sit easily with the perhaps more pragmatic English language.
Mwandishi is the ninth album by jazz pianist Herbie Hancock, released in 1971.
Juvenal de Holanda Vasconcelos, known as Naná Vasconcelos (2 August 1944 – 9 March 2016), was a Brazilian percussionist, vocalist and berimbau player, notable for his work as a solo artist on over two dozen albums, and as a backing musician with Pat Metheny, Don Cherry, Jan Garbarek, Egberto Gismonti, Gato Barbieri, and Milton Nascimento.
Nathaniel Adams Coles (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965), known professionally as Nat King Cole, was an American jazz pianist and vocalist.
Nathaniel Shilkret (December 25, 1889 – February 18, 1982) was an American composer, conductor, clarinetist, pianist, business executive, and music director.
The Native Tongues is a collective of late 1980s and early 1990s hip-hop artists known for their positive-minded, good-natured Afrocentric lyrics, and for pioneering the use of eclectic sampling and later jazz-influenced beats.
Ned Sublette (born 1951 in Lubbock, Texas) is an American composer, musician, record producer, musicologist, and author.
Neo soul is a genre of popular music.
Neo-bop (also called neotraditionalist) refers to a style of jazz that gained popularity in the 1980s among musicians who found greater aesthetic affinity for acoustically-based, swinging, melodic forms of jazz than for free jazz and jazz fusion that had gained prominence in the 1960s and 1970s.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
The New Orleans Rhythm Kings (NORK) were one of the most influential jazz bands of the early to mid-1920s.
New Thing at Newport is a 1965 live album featuring two separate sets from that year's Newport Jazz Festival by tenor saxophonists John Coltrane and Archie Shepp.
The Newport Jazz Festival is a music festival held every summer in Newport, Rhode Island.
Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.
Nicolas Slonimsky (– December 25, 1995), born Nikolai Leonidovich Slonimskiy (Никола́й Леони́дович Сло́нимский), was a Russian-born American conductor, author, pianist, composer and lexicographer.
Nils Petter Molvær also known as NPM (born 18 September 1960) is a Norwegian jazz trumpeter, composer, and record producer.
No More Mr.
No wave was a short-lived avant-garde scene that emerged in the late 1970s in downtown New York City.
In music, a nonet is a composition which requires nine musicians for a performance, or a musical group that consists of nine people.
Norah Jones (born Geetali Norah Shankar; March 30, 1979) is an American singer, songwriter, and pianist.
Norman Granz (August 6, 1918 – November 22, 2001) was an American jazz music impresario.
Northwestern University (NU) is a private research university based in Evanston, Illinois, United States, with other campuses located in Chicago and Doha, Qatar, and academic programs and facilities in Miami, Florida, Washington, D.C., and San Francisco, California.
Nu jazz, also known as jazztronica, is a genre of jazz and contemporary electronic music.
Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.
Okeh Records is an American record label founded by the Otto Heinemann Phonograph Corporation, a phonograph supplier established in 1916, which branched out into phonograph records in 1918.
Edwin Olin Downes, better known as Olin Downes (January 27, 1886 – August 22, 1955), was an American music critic, known as "Sibelius's Apostle" for his championship of the music of Jean Sibelius.
"On Green Dolphin Street" (originally entitled "Green Dolphin Street") is a 1947 popular song composed by Bronisław Kaper with lyrics by Ned Washington.
On the Corner is a studio album by American jazz trumpeter Miles Davis.
Orchestral jazz is a jazz genre that developed in New York City in the 1920s.
An organ trio, in a jazz context, is a group of three jazz musicians, typically consisting of a Hammond organ player, a drummer, and either a jazz guitarist or a saxophone player.
The Original Dixieland Jass Band (ODJB) was a Dixieland jazz band that made the first jazz recordings in early 1917.
"Original Rags" (copyrighted March 15, 1899) was an early ragtime medley for piano.
Little is known about the exact origin of the music now known as the blues.
Randolph Denard Ornette Coleman (March 9, 1930 – June 11, 2015) was an American jazz saxophonist, violinist, trumpeter, and composer.
Oscar Emmanuel Peterson, (August 15, 1925 – December 23, 2007) was a Canadian jazz pianist and composer.
In music, an ostinato (derived from Italian: stubborn, compare English, from Latin: 'obstinate') is a motif or phrase that persistently repeats in the same musical voice, frequently at the same pitch.
Out of the Blue, also known as OTB, was an American jazz ensemble founded by Blue Note Records in the 1980s as a showcase for the label's younger musicians.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
OxfordDictionaries.com, originally titled Oxford Dictionaries Online (ODO) and rebranded Oxford Living Dictionaries in 2017, is an online dictionary produced by the Oxford University Press (OUP) publishing house, a department of the University of Oxford, which also publishes a number of print dictionaries, among other works.
George Vitelle "Papa Jack" Laine (September 21, 1873 – June 1, 1966) was an American musician and a pioneering band leader in New Orleans in the years from the Spanish–American War to World War I. He was often credited for training many musicians who would later become successful in jazz music.
Paris-Sorbonne University (also known as Paris IV; Université Paris-Sorbonne, Paris IV), was a public research university in Paris, France, from 1971 to 2017.
Patrick Bruce Metheny (born August 12, 1954) is an American jazz guitarist and composer.
The Pat Metheny Group is an American jazz fusion group founded in 1977 in Missouri.
Hyman Paul Bley, CM (November 10, 1932 – January 3, 2016) was a Canadian pianist known for his contributions to the free jazz movement of the 1960s as well as his innovations and influence on trio playing and his early live performance on the Moog and Arp audio synthesizers.
Paul Laurence Dunbar Chambers, Jr. (April 22, 1935 – January 4, 1969) was a jazz double bassist.
Paul Samuel Whiteman (March 28, 1890 – December 29, 1967) was an American bandleader, composer, orchestral director, and violinist.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
A pentatonic scale is a musical scale with five notes per octave, in contrast to the more familiar heptatonic scale that has seven notes per octave (such as the major scale and minor scale).
People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm is the debut album by alternative hip hop group A Tribe Called Quest, released on April 17, 1990 on Jive Records.
"Perdido" is a jazz standard composed by Juan Tizol and was first recorded on December 3, 1941 by Duke Ellington.
Pete Rock & CL Smooth are a hip-hop duo from Mount Vernon, New York.
Peter Brötzmann (born 6 March 1941) is a German artist, free jazz saxophonist, and clarinetist.
Peter Washington (born in Los Angeles on August 28, 1964) is a jazz double bassist.
Pharoah Sanders (born October 13, 1940) is an American jazz saxophonist.
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.
Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.
Polish jazz has a history that spans periods of both acceptance and political repression.
In music, polyphony is one type of musical texture, where a texture is, generally speaking, the way that melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work.
Polyrhythm is the simultaneous use of two or more conflicting rhythms, that are not readily perceived as deriving from one another, or as simple manifestations of the same meter.
Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
Post-bop is a genre of small-combo jazz that evolved in the early to mid-1960s.
Post-punk (originally called new musick) is a broad type of rock music that emerged from the punk movement of the 1970s, in which artists departed from the simplicity and traditionalism of punk rock to adopt a variety of avant-garde sensibilities.
Progressive music is music that subverts genre and results in the expansion of stylistic boundaries.
Progressive rock (shortened as prog; sometimes called art rock, classical rock or symphonic rock) is a broad genre of rock music that developed in the United Kingdom and United States throughout the mid to late 1960s.
Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933.
Psychedelic rock is a diverse style of rock music inspired, influenced, or representative of psychedelic culture, which is centred around perception-altering hallucinogenic drugs.
Punk jazz describes the amalgamation of elements of the jazz tradition (especially free jazz and jazz fusion of the 1960s and 1970s) with the instrumentation or conceptual heritage of punk rock (typically the more dissonant strains such as no wave and hardcore punk).
Punk rock (or "punk") is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia.
The quadrille is a dance that was fashionable in late 18th- and 19th-century Europe and its colonies.
Quiet storm is a radio format and a "super genre" of contemporary R&B, jazz fusion and pop music that is characterized by understated, mellow dynamics, slow tempos, and relaxed rhythms.
The Quintette du Hot Club de France, often abbreviated to "QdHCdF" or just "QHCF", (“The Quintet of the Hot Club of France”) was a jazz group founded in France in 1934 by guitarist Django Reinhardt and violinist Stéphane Grappelli, and active in one form or another until 1948.
Ragtime – also spelled rag-time or rag time – is a musical style that enjoyed its peak popularity between 1895 and 1918.
Ralph Peterson Jr. (born May 20, 1962) is an American jazz drummer and bandleader.
Ralph Towner (born March 1, 1940, Chehalis, Washington) is an American multi-instrumentalist, composer, arranger and bandleader.
Ramsey Emmanuel Lewis Jr. (born May 27, 1935) is an American jazz composer, pianist and radio personality.
Randy Weston (born April 6, 1926, in Brooklyn, New York) is an American jazz pianist and composer of Jamaican parentage.
Red Hot Peppers was a recording jazz band led by Jelly Roll Morton from 1926–1930.
Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.
Irene Louise Rosnes (born 24 March 1962), professionally known as Renee Rosnes, is a Canadian jazz pianist, composer, and arranger.
Return to Forever is a jazz fusion group founded and led by pianist Chick Corea.
Rhapsody in Blue is a 1924 musical composition by American composer George Gershwin for solo piano and jazz band, which combines elements of classical music with jazz-influenced effects.
Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s.
A rhythm section (also called a backup band) is a group of musicians within a music ensemble or band who provide the underlying rhythm, harmony and pulse of the accompaniment, providing a rhythmic and harmonic reference and "beat" for the rest of the band.
The ride cymbal is a standard cymbal in most drum kits.
A shout or ring shout is an ecstatic, transcendent religious ritual, first practiced by African slaves in the West Indies and the United States, in which worshipers move in a circle while shuffling and stomping their feet and clapping their hands.
Robert Thomas Christgau (born April 18, 1942) is an American essayist and music journalist.
Robert Hurst (born October 4, 1964) is an American jazz bassist.
Robert Franklin Palmer Jr. (June 19, 1945 – November 20, 1997) was an American writer, musicologist, clarinetist, saxophonist, and blues producer.
Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950sJim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was the First Rock'n'Roll Record (1992),.
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.
Ronald Levin "Ron" Carter (born May 4, 1937) is an American jazz double bassist.
Ronald Shannon Jackson (January 12, 1940 – October 19, 2013) was an American jazz drummer and composer from Fort Worth, Texas.
Roswell Hopkins Rudd Jr. (November 17, 1935 – December 21, 2017) was an American jazz trombonist and composer.
Roy Ayers (born September 10, 1940) is an American funk, soul, and jazz composer and vibraphone player.
Roy Anthony Hargrove (born October 16, 1969) is an American jazz trumpeter.
Rufus Harley, Jr. (May 20, 1936 – August 1, 2006) was an American jazz musician of mixed Cherokee and African ancestry, known primarily as the first jazz musician to adopt the Scottish great Highland bagpipe as his primary instrument.
Helen Folasade Adu CBE (Fọláṣadé Adú; born 16 January 1959), known professionally as Sade Adu or simply Sade, is a British Nigerian singer and songwriter.
"Saint Louis Blues" is a popular American song composed by W. C. Handy in the blues style and published in September 1914.
Salsa music is a popular dance music that initially arose in New York City during the 1960s.
Samba is a Brazilian musical genre and dance style, with its roots in Africa via the West African slave trade and African religious traditions, particularly of Angola and the Congo, through the samba de roda genre of the northeastern Brazilian state of Bahia, from which it derived.
In music, sampling is the act of taking a portion, or sample, of one sound recording and reusing it as an instrument or a sound recording in a different song or piece.
The saxophone (also referred to as the sax) is a family of woodwind instruments.
In vocal jazz, scat singing is vocal improvisation with wordless vocables, nonsense syllables or without words at all.
Scott Joplin (1867/68 or November 24, 1868 – April 1, 1917) was an African-American composer and pianist.
Scratching, sometimes referred to as scrubbing, is a DJ and turntablist technique of moving a vinyl record back and forth on a turntable to produce percussive or rhythmic sounds.
Search for the New Land is an album by jazz trumpeter Lee Morgan.
Second line is a tradition in brass band parades in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
A seventh chord is a chord consisting of a triad plus a note forming an interval of a seventh above the chord's root.
Sextant is the eleventh studio album by Herbie Hancock, released in 1973 on Columbia.
Sheet music is a handwritten or printed form of music notation that uses modern musical symbols to indicate the pitches (melodies), rhythms or chords of a song or instrumental musical piece.
Sheets of sound was a term coined in 1958 by Down Beat magazine jazz critic Ira Gitler to describe the new, unique improvisational style of John Coltrane.
Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality, rhythm, and a variety of vocal techniques.
Ska jazz is a music genre derived by fusing the melodic content of jazz with the rhythmic and harmonic content of early Jamaican Music introduced by the "Fathers of Ska" in the late 1950s.
Skiffle is a music genre with jazz, blues, folk and American folk influences, usually using a combination of manufactured and homemade or improvised instruments.
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
Sly and the Family Stone was an American band from San Francisco.
Smooth jazz is music that evolved from a blend of jazz fusion and easy listening pop music, featuring a polished pop feel with little to no jazz improvisation.
Snarky Puppy is a Brooklyn-based "...fusion-influenced jam band..." led by bassist, composer, and producer Michael League.
Son cubano is a genre of music and dance that originated in the highlands of eastern Cuba during the late 19th century.
The son montuno is a subgenre of son cubano.
Cecil "Sonny" Bradshaw CD (28 March 1926 – 10 October 2009), known as the "dean of Jamaican music", and the "musician's musician", was a Jamaican bandleader, trumpeter, broadcaster, and promoter who was a major figure in Jamaican music for more than sixty years.
Warren Harding "Sonny" Sharrock (August 27, 1940 – May 25, 1994) was an American jazz guitarist.
The soprano saxophone is a higher-register variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument, invented in the 1840s.
Soul jazz is a development of jazz incorporating strong influences from blues, soul, gospel and rhythm and blues in music for small groups, often an organ trio featuring a Hammond organ.
Soul music (often referred to simply as soul) is a popular music genre that originated in the African American community in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
South African jazz is the jazz music of South Africa, also often mistakenly called "African jazz".
Jazz in Spain began with an interest in Dixieland or New Orleans jazz.
The phrase Spanish tinge is a reference to an Afro-Latin rhythmic touch that spices up the more conventional rhythms commonly used in jazz and pop music.
Speak No Evil is the sixth album by Wayne Shorter.
Spirituals (or Negro spirituals) are generally Christian songs that were created by African Americans.
Spy vs Spy: The Music of Ornette Coleman is a 1989 album by American composer and saxophonist/multi-instrumentalist John Zorn, featuring the compositions of Ornette Coleman performed in the brief intense style of Zorn's hardcore miniatures.
St Germain is the stage name of Ludovic Navarre, a French musician.
Stan Getz (born Stanley Gayetski; February 2, 1927 – June 6, 1991) was an American jazz saxophonist.
Stanley Clarke (born June 30, 1951) is an American bassist and founding member of Return to Forever, one of the first jazz fusion bands.
Stanley Lawrence Crouch (born December 14, 1945) is an American poet, music and cultural critic, syndicated columnist, novelist and biographer, perhaps best known for his jazz criticism and his 2000 novel Don't the Moon Look Lonesome?.
Stanley William Turrentine (April 5, 1934 – September 12, 2000) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.
Stefon Harris (born March 23, 1973) is an American jazz vibraphonist.
Stetsasonic was an American hip hop group formed in 1981 in Brooklyn, New York City, New York.
Steve Coleman (born September 20, 1956) is an American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader.
Steve Lacy (July 23, 1934 – June 4, 2004), born Steven Norman Lackritz in New York City, was a jazz saxophonist and composer recognized as one of the important players of soprano saxophone.
Steve Wilson (born in February 9, 1961) is an American jazz multi-instrumentalist, who is best known in the musical community as a flautist and an alto and soprano saxophonist.
Storyville was the red-light district of New Orleans, Louisiana, from 1897 to 1917.
Straight out the Jungle is the debut album from hip hop group Jungle Brothers.
Straight-ahead jazz is a jazz music style from the period between bebop and the 1960s' styles of Wayne Shorter and Herbie Hancock.
A strain is a series of musical phrases that create a distinct melody of a piece.
Harlem Stride Piano, stride piano, commonly abbreviated to stride, is a jazz piano style that was developed in the large cities of the East Coast of the United States, mainly New York City, during the 1920s and 1930s.
Sub-Saharan African music traditions exhibit so many common features that they may in some respects be thought of as constituting a single musical system.
Sun Ra (born Herman Poole Blount, legal name Le Sony'r Ra; May 22, 1914 – May 30, 1993) was an American jazz composer, bandleader, piano and synthesizer player, and poet known for his experimental music, "cosmic" philosophy, prolific output, and theatrical performances.
Sun Ship is a posthumously released jazz album recorded on August 26, 1965, by tenor saxophonist John Coltrane.
James Marcellus Arthur "Sunny" Murray (September 21, 1936 – December 7, 2017) was one of the pioneers of the free jazz style of drumming.
The Sunset Cafe, also known as The Grand Terrace Cafe, was a jazz club in Chicago, Illinois operating during the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s.
Swedish jazz was introduced in Sweden during the 1920s, and was spread through dancehalls and concerts.
"Sweet Emma" Barrett (March 25, 1897, New Orleans, Louisiana – January 28, 1983) was an American, self-taught jazz pianist and singer who worked with the Original Tuxedo Orchestra between 1923 and 1936, first under Papa Celestin, then William Ridgely.
In music, the term swing has two main uses.
Swing music, or simply swing, is a form of popular music developed in the United States that dominated in the 1930s and 1940s.
The swing revival, also called retro swing and neo-swing, was a renewed interest in swing music, beginning in the 1990s.
In music, syncopation involves a variety of rhythms which are in some way unexpected which make part or all of a tune or piece of music off-beat.
A synthesizer (often abbreviated as synth, also spelled synthesiser) is an electronic musical instrument that generates electric signals that are converted to sound through instrument amplifiers and loudspeakers or headphones.
Tango is a style of music in 4 time that originated among European immigrant populations of Argentina and Uruguay (collectively, the "Rioplatenses").
Tarus Mateen, also known as Taurus Mateen and Tarus Dorsey Kinch (born October 21, 1967, Bakersfield, California) is an American double-bass and electric bassist, who works in jazz, pop, and R&B idioms.
Ted Gioia (born 21 October 1957) is an American jazz critic and music historian who wrote The History of Jazz and Delta Blues, both selected as notable books of the year by The New York Times.
Theodore Shaw Wilson (November 24, 1912 – July 31, 1986) was an American jazz pianist.
In musical terminology, tempo ("time" in Italian; plural: tempi) is the speed or pace of a given piece.
Attilio Joseph "Teo" Macero (October 30, 1925 – February 19, 2008) was an American jazz saxophonist, composer, and record producer.
Terence Oliver Blanchard (born March 13, 1962) is an American jazz trumpeter, composer, and music educator.
The Bad Plus is a jazz trio from Minneapolis, Minnesota, consisting of bassist Reid Anderson, pianist Orrin Evans, and drummer Dave King.
The Cinematic Orchestra is a British nu jazz and electronic music group, created in 1999 by Jason Swinscoe.
The Epic is the fourth studio album by American jazz saxophonist Kamasi Washington.
The Headhunters was an American jazz-fusion band formed by Herbie Hancock in 1973.
The Jazz Messengers were an influential jazz combo that existed for over thirty-five years beginning in the early 1950s as a collective, and ending when long-time leader and founding drummer Art Blakey died in 1990.
The John Coltrane Quartet Plays (full title The John Coltrane Quartet Plays Chim Chim Cheree, Song of Praise, Nature Boy, Brazilia) is a 1965 album by jazz musician John Coltrane.
The Lounge Lizards were an eclectic musical group founded by saxophonist John Lurie and his brother, pianist Evan Lurie, in 1978.
The Low End Theory is the second studio album by American hip hop group A Tribe Called Quest, released on September 24, 1991, by Jive Records.
"The Memphis Blues" is a song described by its composer, W. C. Handy, as a "southern rag".
The Mississippi Rag was an internationally influential monthly newspaper about traditional jazz and ragtime music published by Leslie Johnson since 1973.
The Pop Group are an English band formed in Bristol in 1977 by vocalist Mark Stewart, guitarist John Waddington, bassist Simon Underwood, guitarist/saxophonist Gareth Sager, and drummer Bruce Smith.
The Real McCoy is the seventh album by jazz pianist McCoy Tyner and his first released on the Blue Note label.
The Tony Williams Lifetime was a jazz fusion group led by jazz drummer Tony Williams.
The Village Voice is an American news and culture paper, known for being the country's first alternative newsweekly.
Thelonious Sphere Monk (October 10, 1917 – February 17, 1982) was an American jazz pianist and composer.
Third Stream is a term coined in 1957 by composer Gunther Schuller, in a lecture at Brandeis University, to describe a musical synthesis of jazz and classical music.
Thrashcore (also known as fastcore. Maximum Rock'n'Roll. Retrieved June 19, 2008.) is a fast tempo subgenre of hardcore punk that emerged in the early 1980s.
Stephen Lee Bruner (born October 19, 1984), better known by his stage name Thundercat, is an American multi-genre bass guitarist, record producer, singer and songwriter from Los Angeles, California.
Timba is a Cuban genre of music based on popular Cuban music along with salsa, American funk/R&B, and the strong influence of Afro-Cuban folkloric music.
Timbales or pailas are shallow single-headed drums with metal casing.
In music, timbre (also known as tone color or tone quality from psychoacoustics) is the perceived sound quality of a musical note, sound or tone.
Timeline of jazz education (a chronology of jazz pedagogy): The initial jazz education movement in North American was much an outgrowth of the music education movement that had been in full swing since the 1920s.
Ernesto Antonio "Tito" Puente (April 20, 1923 – May 31, 2000) was an American musician, songwriter and record producer.
To Be or Not to Bop: Memoirs of Dizzy Gillespie is a 1979 book written by jazz musician, composer and band leader Dizzy Gillespie.
To Pimp a Butterfly is the third studio album by American rapper Kendrick Lamar.
Thomas Million John Turpin (November 18, 1871 – August 13, 1922) was an African-American composer of ragtime music.
Tomasz Stańko (born July 11, 1942) is a Polish trumpeter, composer and improviser.
Thomas Francis Dorsey Jr. (November 19, 1905 – November 26, 1956) was an American jazz trombonist, composer, conductor and bandleader of the Big Band era.
Anthony Tillmon "Tony" Williams (December 12, 1945 – February 23, 1997) was an American jazz drummer.
Trad jazz, short for "traditional jazz", is the Dixieland and ragtime jazz styles of the early 20th century, which typically used a front line of trumpet, clarinet and trombone in contrast to more modern styles which usually include saxophones, and the revival of these styles in mid 20th-century Britain before the emergence of beat music.
This article discusses the music theory of Traditional sub-Saharan African harmony.
Transition is an album of music by jazz saxophonist John Coltrane, recorded in 1965 but released posthumously only in 1970.
Tresillo (capital: Ꜫ, small: ꜫ; Spanish for "little three") is a letter of several colonial Mayan alphabets in the Latin script that is based on the digit 3.
Tresillo is a more basic form of the rhythmic figure known as the habanera.
Joe "Tricky Sam" Nanton (February 1, 1904 – July 20, 1946) was an American trombonist with the Duke Ellington Orchestra.
In music theory, the tritone is defined as a musical interval composed of three adjacent whole tones.
In music of Afro-Cuban origin, tumbao is the basic rhythm played on the bass.
The twelve-bar blues or blues changes is one of the most prominent chord progressions in popular music.
The United Service Organizations Inc. (USO) is a nonprofit organization that provides live entertainment, such as comedians and musicians, and other programs to members of the United States Armed Forces and their families.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The University of Salzburg, also known as the Paris Lodron University of Salzburg (Paris-Lodron-Universität Salzburg, PLUS), named after its founder, Prince-Archbishop Paris Lodron, is a public university located in Salzburg city, Austria.
Valery Ponomarev, Russian: Вале́рий Миха́йлович Пономарёв, Valery Mikhaylovich Ponomaryov, (born 1943) is a Russian-born jazz trumpeter.
Vaudeville is a theatrical genre of variety entertainment.
Verve Records, founded in 1956 by Norman Granz, is home to the world’s largest jazz catalogue and includes recordings by artists such as Ella Fitzgerald, Nina Simone, Stan Getz and Billie Holiday, among others.
Sylvester Louis "Vess" Ossman (August 21, 1868 – December 7, 1923) was a leading five-string banjoist and popular recording artist of the early 20th century.
The Victor Talking Machine Company was an American record company and phonograph manufacturer headquartered in Camden, New Jersey.
Vijay Iyer (born October 26, 1971) is an American jazz pianist, composer, bandleader, producer, electronic musician, and writer based in New York City.
Vincent Anthony Guaraldi (July 17, 1928 – February 6, 1976), born Vincent Anthony Dellaglio, i-ITALY, December 24, 2010 was an American jazz pianist noted for his innovative compositions and arrangements and for composing music for animated television adaptations of the Peanuts comic strip, as well as his performances on piano as a member of Cal Tjader's late 50s ensemble and his own solo career which included the radio hit Cast Your Fate to the Wind.
William Christopher Handy (November 16, 1873 – March 28, 1958) was a composer and musician, known as the Father of the Blues.
A wah-wah pedal (or simply wah pedal) is a type of electric guitar effects pedal that alters the tone and frequencies of the guitar signal to create a distinctive sound, mimicking the human voice saying the onomatopoeic name "wah-wah".
Wallace Roney (born May 25, 1960, Philadelphia) is an American jazz (hard bop and post-bop) trumpeter.
Ward Walrath Kimball (March 4, 1914 – July 8, 2002), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, was an animator for the Walt Disney Studios.
Wayne Shorter (born August 25, 1933) is an American jazz saxophonist and composer.
Weather Report was an American jazz fusion band of the 1970s and early 1980s.
Weather Report is the debut studio album by American jazz-fusion band Weather Report, released in May 12, 1971 by Columbia Records.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
West Coast jazz refers to styles of jazz that developed in Los Angeles and San Francisco during the 1950s.
When Harry Met Sally… is a 1989 American romantic comedy film written by Nora Ephron and directed by Rob Reiner.
Whiteness studies is an interdisciplinary arena of inquiry that has developed beginning in the United States, particularly since the late 20th century, and is focused on what proponents describe as the cultural, historical and sociological aspects of people identified as white, and the social construction of "whiteness" as an ideology tied to social status.
William Henry Krell (1868–1933) composed what is regarded as the first rag or ragtime composition in 1897 called Mississippi Rag, published in New York by S. Brainard's Sons and copyrighted on January 27, 1897.
William Manuel "Bill" Johnson (August 10, 1872 – December 3, 1972), was an American jazz musician, considered the father of the "slap" style of double bass playing.
Willie Bobo was the stage name of William Correa (February 28, 1934 – September 15, 1983), a Latin and jazz percussionist of Puerto Rican ancestry.
Women in jazz have contributed throughout the many eras of jazz history, both as performers and as composers, songwriters and bandleaders.
Woodrow Charles Herman (May 16, 1913 – October 29, 1987) was an American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, singer, and big band leader.
The word(s) of the year, sometimes capitalized as "Word(s) of the Year" and abbreviated "WOTY" (or "WotY"), refers to any of various assessments as to the most important word(s) or expression(s) in the public sphere during a specific year.
A work song is a piece of music closely connected to a form of work, either sung while conducting a task (usually to coordinate timing) or a song linked to a task which might be a connected narrative, description, or protest song.
World music (also called global music or international music) is a musical category encompassing many different styles of music from around the globe, which includes many genres including some forms of Western music represented by folk music, as well as selected forms of ethnic music, indigenous music, neotraditional music, and music where more than one cultural tradition, such as ethnic music and Western popular music, intermingle.
Wynton Learson Marsalis (born October 18, 1961) is an American trumpeter, composer, teacher, and artistic director of Jazz at Lincoln Center.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
Zbigniew Namysłowski (born September 9, 1939) is a Polish jazz alto saxophonist, flautist, cellist, trombonist, pianist and composer born in Warsaw, perhaps best known for appearing on the Krzysztof Komeda album Astigmatic.
The 369th Infantry Regiment, formerly known as the 15th New York National Guard Regiment, was an infantry regiment of the New York Army National Guard during World War I and World War II.