103 relations: Arai Helmet, Band brake, Bicycle, Bicycle and motorcycle dynamics, Bicycle brake, Bicycle chain, Bicycle fork, Bicycle frame, Bicycle handlebar, Bicycle pedal, Bicycle Quarterly, Bicycle suspension, Bicycle tire, Bicycle wheel, Birmingham, Blowout (tire), BMX, BMX bike, Boss (engineering), Bowden cable, Brake, Brake fade, Brake pad, Brake shoe, Cam, Cam follower, Charlie Cunningham, Clutch, Cork (material), Dandy horse, Derailleur gears, Detangler, Developing country, Dissipation, DOT 4, DOT 5.1, Downhill bike, Downhill mountain biking, Dunlop Rubber, Fixed-gear bicycle, Flying Pigeon, Freestyle BMX, Freewheel, Freight bicycle, Friction, George A. Wyman, Glossary of cycling, Hayes Brake, Heat capacity, Hope Technology, ..., Hub gear, Hybrid bicycle, Hygroscopy, Karl Drais, Kevlar, Kinetic energy, Leather, Lever, List of bicycle parts, Lockring, Mechanical advantage, Metal, Mineral oil, MIT Press, Motorized bicycle, Mountain bike, Natural rubber, Netherlands, Pannier, Penny-farthing, Pulley, Quick release skewer, Racing bicycle, Recumbent bicycle, Rim (wheel), Road bicycle, Roadster (bicycle), Rohloff Speedhub, Safety bicycle, Santana Cycles, Set screw, Shimano, Sohrab Cycles, Spline (mechanical), Split pin, SRAM Corporation, Sturmey-Archer, SunTour, Tandem bicycle, Thermal energy, Touring bicycle, Track bicycle, Traction (engineering), U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Utility bicycle, Velodrome, Velomobile, Weight transfer, Western world, Westwood rim, Wilderness Trail Bikes, Yoke, ZF Sachs. Expand index (53 more) » « Shrink index
is a Japanese company that designs and manufactures motorcycle helmets and other helmets for motorsport.
A band brake is a primary or secondary brake, consisting of a band of friction material that tightens concentrically around a cylindrical piece of equipment to either prevent it from rotating (a static or "holding" brake), or to slow it (a dynamic brake).
A bicycle, also called a cycle or bike, is a human-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.
Bicycle and motorcycle dynamics is the science of the motion of bicycles and motorcycles and their components, due to the forces acting on them.
A bicycle brake reduces the speed of a bicycle or prevents it from moving.
A bicycle chain is a roller chain that transfers power from the pedals to the drive-wheel of a bicycle, thus propelling it.
A bicycle fork is the part of a bicycle that holds the front wheel.
A bicycle frame is the main component of a bicycle, onto which wheels and other components are fitted.
A bicycle handlebar or bicycle handlebars is the steering control for bicycles; it is the equivalent of a steering wheel for vehicles and vessels.
The bicycle pedal is the part of a bicycle that the rider pushes with their foot to propel the bicycle.
Bicycle Quarterly is a magazine examining the history of bicycles, their design and evolution, with emphasis on Randonneuring bicycles.
Bicycle suspension is the system, or systems, used to suspend the rider and bicycle in order to insulate them from the roughness of the terrain.
A bicycle tire is a tire that fits on the wheel of a bicycle, unicycle, tricycle, quadracycle, bicycle trailer, or trailer bike.
A bicycle wheel is a wheel, most commonly a wire wheel, designed for a bicycle.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
A blowout is a rapid loss of inflation pressure of a pneumatic tire leading to an explosion.
BMX, an abbreviation for bicycle motocross or bike motocross, is a cycle sport performed on BMX bikes, either in competitive BMX racing or freestyle BMX, or else in general on- or off-road recreation.
A BMX bike is an off-road sport bicycle used for racing and stunt riding.
In engineering, a boss is a protruding feature on a work piece.
A Bowden cable is a type of flexible cable used to transmit mechanical force or energy by the movement of an inner cable relative to a hollow outer cable housing.
A brake is a mechanical device that inhibits motion by absorbing energy from a moving system.
Vehicle braking system fade, or brake fade, is the reduction in stopping power that can occur after repeated or sustained application of the brakes, especially in high load or high speed conditions.
Brake pads are a component of disc brakes used in automotive and other applications.
A brake shoe is the part of a braking system which carries the brake lining in the drum brakes used on automobiles, or the brake block in train brakes and bicycle brakes.
A cam is a rotating or sliding piece in a mechanical linkage used especially in transforming rotary motion into linear motion.
A cam follower, also known as a track follower, is a specialized type of roller or needle bearing designed to follow cam lobe profiles.
Charlie Cunningham (b. in Washington, D.C.) is a mountain biking pioneer from Fairfax, California.
A clutch is a mechanical device which engages and disengages power transmission especially from driving shaft to driven shaft.
Cork is an impermeable buoyant material, the phellem layer of bark tissue that is harvested for commercial use primarily from Quercus suber (the cork oak), which is endemic to southwest Europe and northwest Africa.
The dandy horse is a human-powered vehicle that, being the first means of transport to make use of the two-wheeler principle, is regarded as the forerunner of the bicycle.
Derailleur gears are a variable-ratio transmission system commonly used on bicycles, consisting of a chain, multiple sprockets of different sizes, and a mechanism to move the chain from one sprocket to another.
The detangler, Gyro or rotor is an invention for the freestyle BMX bicycle, allowing the handlebars to turn a complete 360° rotation without the brake cables getting tangled up.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
Dissipation is the result of an irreversible process that takes place in homogeneous thermodynamic systems.
DOT 4 is one of several designations of automotive brake fluid, denoting a particular mixture of chemicals imparting specified ranges of boiling point.
DOT 5.1 is one of several designations of automotive brake fluid, denoting a particular mixture of chemicals imparting specified ranges of boiling point.
A downhill bike (also known as a downhill mountain bike) is a full suspension bicycle designed for downhill cycling on particularly steep, rocky trails.
Downhill mountain biking (DH) is a genre of mountain biking practiced on steep, rough terrain that often features jumps, drops, rock gardens and other obstacles.
Dunlop Rubber was a multinational company involved in the manufacture of various rubber goods.
A fixed-gear bicycle (or fixed-wheel bicycle, commonly known in some places as a fixie) is a bicycle that has a drivetrain with no freewheel mechanism.
Flying Pigeon (Pinyin: fēigē) is a Chinese bicycle company based in Tianjin, a direct-controlled municipality, in Northeastern China.
Freestyle BMX is bicycle motocross stunt riding on BMX bikes.
Freewheel mechanism In mechanical or automotive engineering, a freewheel or overrunning clutch is a device in a transmission that disengages the driveshaft from the driven shaft when the driven shaft rotates faster than the driveshaft.
Freight bicycles, carrier cycles, freight tricycles, cargo bikes, box bikes, or cycletrucks are human powered vehicles designed and constructed specifically for transporting loads.
Friction is the force resisting the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements sliding against each other.
George Adams Wyman (July 3, 1877 – November 15, 1959) was the first person to make a transcontinental crossing of the United States by motor vehicle.
This is a glossary of terms and jargon used in cycling, mountain biking, and cycle sport.
Hayes Brake is a Milwaukee, Wisconsin designer and manufacturer of disc brakes and disc brake systems for non-automotive applications, including Hayes Disc Brake specialising in disc brakes for bikes.
Heat capacity or thermal capacity is a measurable physical quantity equal to the ratio of the heat added to (or removed from) an object to the resulting temperature change.
Hope Technology is a bicycle component manufacturer based in Barnoldswick, administrative county of Lancashire (since 1974), but traditionally and historically in the county of Yorkshire, UK.
A hub gear, internal-gear hub, or just gear hub is a gear ratio changing system commonly used on bicycles that is implemented with planetary or epicyclic gears.
Hybrid bicycles blend characteristics from more specialized road bikes, touring bikes and mountain bikes.
Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature.
Karl Freiherr von Drais (full name: Karl Friedrich Christian Ludwig Freiherr Drais von Sauerbronn) (29 April 1785 in Karlsruhe – 10 December 1851 in Karlsruhe) was a German forest official and significant inventor in the Biedermeier period.
Kevlar is a heat-resistant and strong synthetic fiber, related to other aramids such as Nomex and Technora.
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide.
A lever is a simple machine consisting of a beam or rigid rod pivoted at a fixed hinge, or fulcrum.
For other cycling related terms (besides parts) see Glossary of cycling.
A lock ring is a threaded washer used to prevent components from becoming loose during rotation.
Mechanical advantage is a measure of the force amplification achieved by using a tool, mechanical device or machine system.
A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard when in solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.
Mineral oil is any of various colorless, odorless, light mixtures of higher alkanes from a mineral source, particularly a distillate of petroleum.
The MIT Press is a university press affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States).
A motorised bicycle is a bicycle with an attached motor or engine and transmission used either to power the vehicle unassisted, or to assist with pedalling.
A mountain bike or mountain bicycle (abbreviated Mtn Bike or MTB) is a bicycle designed for off-road cycling.
Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
A pannier is a basket, bag, box, or similar container, carried in pairs either slung over the back of a beast of burden, or attached to the sides of a bicycle or motorcycle.
The penny-farthing, also known as a high wheel, high wheeler and ordinary, was the first machine to be called a "bicycle".
A pulley is a wheel on an axle or shaft that is designed to support movement and change of direction of a taut cable or belt, or transfer of power between the shaft and cable or belt.
A quick release skewer is a mechanism for attaching a wheel to a bicycle.
A racing bicycle, also known as a road bike, and once popularly known as a ten speed, is a bicycle designed for competitive road cycling, a sport governed by according to the rules of the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI).
A recumbent bicycle is a bicycle that places the rider in a laid-back reclining position.
The rim is the "outer edge of a wheel, holding the tire".
The term road bicycle is used to describe bicycles built for traveling at speed on paved roads.
A roadster bicycle, Encyclopædia Britannica - Frames.
The Rohloff Speedhub is an epicyclic internal hub gear for bicycles, developed and patented by Rohloff AG.
A safety bicycle (or simply a safety) is a type of bicycle that became very popular beginning in the late 1880s as an alternative to the penny-farthing ("ordinary") and is now the most common type of bicycle.
Santana Cycles is the world's leading manufacturer of tandem bicycles.
A set screw is a type of screw generally used to secure an object within or against another object, normally not using a nut (see bolts compared with screws).
is a Japanese multinational manufacturer of cycling components, fishing tackle, and rowing equipment.
Sohrab Cycles is a Pakistani bicycle and motorcycle manufacturer based in Lahore, Pakistan.
Splines are ridges or teeth on a drive shaft that mesh with grooves in a mating piece and transfer torque to it, maintaining the angular correspondence between them.
A split pin, also known in the United States as a cotter pin or cotter key, is a metal fastener with two tines that are bent during installation, similar to a staple or rivet.
SRAM Corporation is a privately owned bicycle component manufacturer based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, founded in 1987.
Sturmey-Archer is a manufacturing company originally from Nottingham, England.
SunTour (Maeda) was the most important Japanese manufacturer of bicycle components based in Osaka until 1988, when Sakae Ringyo Company (abbreviated S.R.), a major Japanese maker of aluminum parts, particularly cranks and seat posts, bought what was left of the bankrupt SunTour, and the combined companies are now known as SR-SunTour.
The tandem bicycle or twin is a form of bicycle (occasionally a tricycle) designed to be ridden by more than one person.
Thermal energy is a term used loosely as a synonym for more rigorously-defined thermodynamic quantities such as the internal energy of a system; heat or sensible heat, which are defined as types of transfer of energy (as is work); or for the characteristic energy of a degree of freedom in a thermal system kT, where T is temperature and k is the Boltzmann constant.
A touring bicycle is a bicycle designed or modified to handle bicycle touring.
A track bicycle or track bike is a bicycle optimized for racing at a velodrome or outdoor track.
Traction, or tractive force, is the force used to generate motion between a body and a tangential surface, through the use of dry friction, though the use of shear force of the surface is also commonly used.
The United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC or Commission) is an independent agency of the United States government.
A utility bicycle is a bicycle designed for practical transportation, as opposed to those primarily for recreation and competition, such as touring bicycles, racing bicycles, and mountain bicycles.
A velodrome is an arena for track cycling.
A velomobile, velomobiel, velo, or bicycle car, is a human-powered vehicle (HPV) enclosed for aerodynamic advantage and protection from weather and collisions.
Weight transfer and load transfer are two expressions used somewhat confusingly to describe two distinct effects: the change in load borne by different wheels of even perfectly rigid vehicles during acceleration, and the change in center of mass (CoM) location relative to the wheels because of suspension compliance or cargo shifting or sloshing.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
The Westwood rim style of cycle rim used on bicycles was one of the original steel rim designs, developed during or before 1891 by Frederick Westwood of Birmingham.
Wilderness Trail Bikes (usually shortened to WTB) is a privately owned company based in Marin County, California, USA.
A yoke is a wooden beam normally used between a pair of oxen or other animals to enable them to pull together on a load when working in pairs, as oxen usually do; some yokes are fitted to individual animals.
ZF Sachs AG was a German manufacturer of automotive parts, producing powertrain and suspension components.
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