111 relations: Acronym, AirMech, American football, Americans, Anatoly Karpov, Arpad Elo, Association football, Baseball Prospectus, Basketball, BCS National Championship Game, Bowl Championship Series, Chess, Chess boxing, Chess engine, ChessBase, Codeforces, College football, College Football Playoff, Comparison of top chess players throughout history, DCI (Wizards of the Coast), Decipher, Inc., Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov, Draw (chess), Eduardo Saverin, Elo hell, ESports, European Go Federation, Expected value, FIDE, FIDE titles, FIFA, FIFA Women's World Rankings, FIFA World Rankings, First Internet Backgammon Server, FiveThirtyEight, Free Internet Chess Server, Glicko rating system, Golden Tee Golf, Golf, Grandmaster (chess), Gregory Kaidanov, Guild Wars, Hikaru Nakamura, History of Facebook, Human–computer chess matches, Hungary, Internet Chess Club, Internet Diplomacy, Jeff Sagarin, Jeff Sonas, ..., John Nunn, Kenneth Harkness, Korfball, League of Legends, Lexulous, Logistic distribution, Logistic function, Magic: The Gathering, Magnus Carlsen, Major League Baseball, Mark Zuckerberg, MechWarrior Online, Monte Carlo method, Nate Silver, National Basketball Association, National Football League, National Hockey League, Nigel Short, Normal distribution, North American Scrabble Players Association, Online judge, Overwatch (video game), Overwatch League, Pairwise comparison, Physics, Play65, Professional Chess Association, Professional sports league organization, Puzzle Pirates, Random variable, Roblox, Rugby league, SB Nation, Scrabble, Shakhriyar Mamedyarov, Soft biometrics, Standard deviation, Star Trek Customizable Card Game, Star Wars Customizable Card Game, Statistics, The Pokémon Company, The Social Network, Topcoder, TrueSkill, United Kingdom, United States Chess Federation, Upset (competition), USA Today, Veselin Topalov, Video game, Viswanathan Anand, Vladimir Kramnik, Wizards of the Coast, Women's association football, World Football Elo Ratings, World of Warcraft, Yahoo!, Yahoo! Games, Zero-sum game, 1998 NCAA Division I-A football season, 2013 NCAA Division I FBS football season. Expand index (61 more) » « Shrink index
An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually individual letters (as in NATO or laser) and sometimes syllables (as in Benelux).
AirMech is a free-to-play multiplayer online battle arena video game developed and published by Carbon Games for Microsoft Windows, with Android and VR version in the works.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
Americans are citizens of the United States of America.
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
Arpad Emmerich Elo (born Árpád Imre Élő; August 25, 1903 – November 5, 1992) was the creator of the Elo rating system for two-player games such as chess.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Baseball Prospectus (BP) is an organization that publishes a website, BaseballProspectus.com, devoted to the sabermetric analysis of baseball.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
The BCS National Championship Game, or BCS National Championship, was a postseason college football bowl game, used to determine a national champion of the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), first played in the 1998 college football season as one of four designated bowl games, and beginning in the 2006 season as a standalone event rotated among the host sites of the aforementioned bowls.
The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was a selection system that created five bowl game match-ups involving ten of the top ranked teams in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of American college football, including an opportunity for the top two teams to compete in the BCS National Championship Game.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
Chess boxing, or chessboxing, is a hybrid fighting sport (or a hybrid board game) that combines two traditional pastimes: chess, a cerebral board game, and boxing, a physical sport.
In computer chess, a chess engine is a computer program that analyses chess or chess variant positions and makes decisions on the best chess moves.
ChessBase GmbH is a German company that markets chess software, maintains a chess news site, and operates servers for online chess.
Codeforces is a Russian website dedicated to competitive programming.
College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, colleges, and military academies, or Canadian football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Canadian universities.
The College Football Playoff (CFP) is an annual postseason knockout tournament to determine the national champion of the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), the highest level of college football competition in the United States.
This article presents a number of methodologies that have been suggested for the task of comparing the greatest chess players in history.
The DCI (formerly, Duelists' Convocation International) is the official sanctioning body for competitive play in Magic: The Gathering and various other games produced by Wizards of the Coast and its subsidiaries, such as Avalon Hill.
Decipher, Inc. is an American gaming company based in Norfolk, Virginia, US.
Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov was a pair of six-game chess matches between world chess champion Garry Kasparov and an IBM supercomputer called Deep Blue.
In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.
Eduardo Luiz Saverin (born March 19, 1982) is a Brazilian Internet entrepreneur and angel investor.
Elo hell (also known as MMR hell) is a video gaming term used in MOBAs and other multiplayer online games with competitive modes.
eSports (also known as electronic sports, esports, e-sports, competitive (video) gaming, professional (video) gaming, or pro gaming) are a form of competition using video games.
The European Go Federation (EGF) is a non-profit organization with the purpose of encouraging, regulating, co-ordinating, and disseminating the playing of the board game Go in Europe.
In probability theory, the expected value of a random variable, intuitively, is the long-run average value of repetitions of the experiment it represents.
The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.
The World Chess Federation, FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), awards several performance-based titles to chess players, up to and including the highly prized Grandmaster title.
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA; French for "International Federation of Association Football") is an association which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, futsal, and beach soccer.
The FIFA Women's World Rankings for football were introduced in 2003, with the first rankings published in March of that year, as a follow-on to the existing FIFA World Rankings for men.
The FIFA World Ranking is a ranking system for men's national teams in association football, currently led by Germany.
The First Internet Backgammon Server (FIBS) began operating in July 19, 1992, allowing users to play backgammon in real-time against other people.
FiveThirtyEight, sometimes referred to as 538, is a website that focuses on opinion poll analysis, politics, economics, and sports blogging.
The Free Internet Chess Server (FICS) is a volunteer-run Internet chess server.
The Glicko rating system and Glicko-2 rating system are methods for assessing a player's strength in games of skill, such as chess and Go.
Golden Tee Golf is a golf arcade game series by Incredible Technologies.
Golf is a club-and-ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.
The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
Gregory Kaidanov (Григорий Зиновьевич Кайда́нов, Grigoriy Zinovyevich Kaydanov; born 11 October 1959) is a Soviet-born American chess grandmaster.
Guild Wars is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) series developed by ArenaNet and published by NCSOFT.
is a Japanese-American chess grandmaster.
Facebook is a social networking service launched on February 4, 2004.
This article documents the progress of significant human–computer chess matches.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
The Internet Chess Club (ICC) is a commercial Internet chess server devoted to the play and discussion of chess and chess variants.
Internet Diplomacy refers to any of a number of online implementations of ''Diplomacy'', a board game in which seven players, each controlling one of the major European powers of the early 20th century, fight for control over Europe.
Jeff Sagarin is an American sports statistician known for his development of a method for ranking and rating sports teams in a variety of sports.
Jeff Sonas is a statistical chess analyst who invented the Chessmetrics system for rating chess players, which is intended as an improvement on the Elo rating system.
John Denis Martin Nunn (born 25 April 1955 in London) is an English chess grandmaster, a three-time world champion in chess problem solving, a chess writer and publisher, and a mathematician.
Kenneth Harkness (byname of Stanley Edgar; November 12, 1896 – October 4, 1972) was a chess organizer.
Korfball (Korfbal) is a ball sport, with similarities to netball and basketball.
League of Legends (abbreviated LoL) is a multiplayer online battle arena video game developed and published by Riot Games for Microsoft Windows and macOS.
Lexulous (formerly Scrabulous) is an online word game based on the commercial board game Scrabble.
In probability theory and statistics, the logistic distribution is a continuous probability distribution.
A logistic function or logistic curve is a common "S" shape (sigmoid curve), with equation: where.
Magic: The Gathering is a both a trading card and digital collectible card game created by Richard Garfield.
Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen (born 30 November 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster and the current World Chess Champion.
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
Mark Elliot Zuckerberg (born May 14, 1984) is an American technology entrepreneur and philanthropist best known for co-founding and leading Facebook as its chairman and chief executive officer.
MechWarrior Online is a free-to-play vehicular combat video game, officially launched during September 2013 by Piranha Games for Microsoft Windows.
Monte Carlo methods (or Monte Carlo experiments) are a broad class of computational algorithms that rely on repeated random sampling to obtain numerical results.
Nathaniel Read Silver (born January 13, 1978) is an American statistician and writer who analyzes baseball (see sabermetrics) and elections (see psephology).
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a men's professional basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada).
The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).
The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, currently comprising 31 teams: 24 in the United States and 7 in Canada.
Nigel David Short (born 1 June 1965) is an English chess grandmaster, chess columnist, chess coach and chess commentator.
In probability theory, the normal (or Gaussian or Gauss or Laplace–Gauss) distribution is a very common continuous probability distribution.
The North American Scrabble Players Association (NASPA) is an organization founded in 2009 to administer competitive Scrabble tournaments and clubs in North America.
An online judge is an online system to test programs in competitive programming contests.
Overwatch is a team-based multiplayer first-person shooter video game developed and published by Blizzard Entertainment, which released on May 24, 2016 for PlayStation 4, Xbox One, and Windows.
The Overwatch League (abbreviated as OWL) is a professional eSports league for the video game Overwatch, developed and fully controlled by Blizzard Entertainment.
Pairwise comparison generally is any process of comparing entities in pairs to judge which of each entity is preferred, or has a greater amount of some quantitative property, or whether or not the two entities are identical.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
Play65 is an online backgammon operator established in 2004 by an Israeli-based company, SkillEmpire, that hosts real-time backgammon games and tournaments.
The Professional Chess Association (PCA), which existed between 1993 and 1996, was a rival organisation to FIDE, the international chess organization.
Professional sports leagues are organized in numerous ways.
Yohoho! Puzzle Pirates is a massively multiplayer online game developed by Three Rings Design, a company acquired by Sega Sammy Holdings in 2011.
In probability and statistics, a random variable, random quantity, aleatory variable, or stochastic variable is a variable whose possible values are outcomes of a random phenomenon.
Roblox is a massively multiplayer online game creation platform that allows users to design their own games and play a wide variety of different types of games created by other users through Roblox Studio.
Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field.
SB Nation (Sports Blog Nation) is a sports news website owned and operated by Vox Media (formerly SportsBlogs, Inc.). Established in 2005, the site comprises 320 blogs covering individual professional and college sports teams, and other sports-oriented topics.
Scrabble is a word game in which two to four players score points by placing tiles bearing a single letter onto a board divided into a 15×15 grid of squares.
Shakhriyar Hamid oglu Mamedyarov (Şəhriyar Həmid oğlu Məmmədyarov; born 12 April 1985) is an Azerbaijani chess grandmaster.
Soft Biometrics traits are physical, behavioural or adhered human characteristics, classifiable in pre–defined human compliant categories.
In statistics, the standard deviation (SD, also represented by the Greek letter sigma σ or the Latin letter s) is a measure that is used to quantify the amount of variation or dispersion of a set of data values.
Star Wars: Customizable Card Game (SW:CCG) is an out-of-print customizable card game based on the Star Wars fictional universe.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
is a Japanese company that is responsible for brand management, marketing and licensing of the Pokémon franchise, consisting of video game software, trading card game, anime television series, films, home entertainment products, and other ventures.
The Social Network is a 2010 American biographical drama film directed by David Fincher and written by Aaron Sorkin.
Topcoder is a crowdsourcing company with a global open community of designers, developers, data scientists, and competitive programmers.
TrueSkill is a skill-based ranking system developed by Microsoft for use with video game matchmaking on Xbox Live.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States Chess Federation (also known as US Chess or USCF) is the governing body for chess competition in the United States and represents the U.S. in FIDE, the World Chess Federation.
An upset occurs in a competition, frequently in electoral politics or sports, when the party popularly expected to win (the favorite), is defeated by an underdog whom the majority expects to lose, defying the conventional wisdom.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Veselin Aleksandrov Topalov (pronounced; Весели́н Александров Топа́лов; born 15 March 1975) is a Bulgarian chess grandmaster and former FIDE World Chess Champion.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, and the current World Rapid Chess Champion.
Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Wizards of the Coast LLC (often referred to as WotC or simply Wizards) is an American publisher of games, primarily based on fantasy and science fiction themes, and formerly an operator of retail stores for games.
Women's association football, also commonly known as women’s football, or women's soccer, is the most prominent team sport played by women around the globe.
The World Football Elo Ratings is a ranking system for men's national association football teams that is published by the website eloratings.net.
World of Warcraft (WoW) is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) released in 2004 by Blizzard Entertainment.
Yahoo! is a web services provider headquartered in Sunnyvale, California and wholly owned by Verizon Communications through Oath Inc..
Yahoo! Games was a section of the Yahoo! website, launched on March 31, 1998, in which Yahoo! users could play games either with other users or by themselves.
In game theory and economic theory, a zero-sum game is a mathematical representation of a situation in which each participant's gain or loss of utility is exactly balanced by the losses or gains of the utility of the other participants.
The 1998 NCAA Division I-A football season was the first of the Bowl Championship Series, which saw Tennessee win the national championship, one year after star quarterback Peyton Manning left for the NFL.
The 2013 NCAA Division I FBS football season was the highest level college football competition in the United States organized by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in 2013.
Category (chess tournament), Chess Elo ranking system, Chess categories, ELO chess rating, ELO ranking, ELO rating, ELO rating system, Elo Rating, Elo rank, Elo ranking system, Elo rating, Elo rating systems, Elo ratings, Elo score, Elo-rating, FIDE points, FIDE rating, K Factor (Elo rating system), K Factor (chess), K-factor (Elo rating system), Live Elo rating, United States chess rank, Élö.