228 relations: Administration (British football), AFC Asian Cup, Africa Cup of Nations, Age fraud in association football, Apertura and Clausura, Asian Football Confederation, Assistant referee (association football), Association football culture, Association football headgear, Association football positions, Association football tactics and skills, Aston Villa F.C., Athenaeus, Australian rules football, Away goals rule, Ball (association football), Ball game, Ball in and out of play, Beach soccer, Birmingham, Blackheath F.C., Bouaké, British Ladies' Football Club, Bundesliga, Cambridge rules, Cameroonian Football Federation, Captain (association football), Charles W. Alcock, Charterhouse School, CONCACAF, CONCACAF Gold Cup, Confederation of African Football, CONMEBOL, Contact sport, Copa América, Copa Libertadores, Corner kick, Cuju, Czech Republic national football team, Defender (association football), Denmark national football team, Dick, Kerr's Ladies F.C., Direct free kick, Division (sport), Domestic association football season, Doping in sport, Dribbling, Dropped-ball, Eastern Bloc, Eastern Europe, ..., Ebenezer Cobb Morley, English Football League, English public school football games, English-speaking world, Episkyros, Eton College, Exhibition game, FA Cup, Fan (person), Feminism, FIFA, FIFA Club World Cup, FIFA Confederations Cup, FIFA Women's World Cup, FIFA Women's World Cup qualification, FIFA World Cup, First Ivorian Civil War, Five-a-side football, Football, Football Association of Wales, Football at the Summer Olympics, Football pitch, Football player, Football War, Formation (association football), Forward (association football), Fouls and misconduct (association football), France national football team, Freemasons' Tavern, Futsal, Geography of women's association football, Germany national football team, Glasgow, Glossary of association football terms, GNK Dinamo Zagreb, Goal (sport), Goal kick, Goalkeeper (association football), Golden goal, Great Queen Street, H. de Winton and J. C. Thring, Han dynasty, Hangzhou, Harpastum, Harrow School, History of rugby union, Imperial units, Indirect free kick, Indoor soccer, International competitions in women's association football, International Football Association Board, International Olympic Committee, International System of Units, Irish Football Association, Ivory Coast national football team, Japan national football team, Jockstrap, Kemari, Kick-off (association football), Kit (association football), La Liga, Laws of the Game (association football), League system, Ligue 1, List of association football clubs, List of association football stadiums by country, List of men's footballers with 500 or more goals, List of men's national association football teams, List of women's association football clubs, List of women's national association football teams, Lists of association football players, Luis Suárez, Manager (association football), Manchester, Match fixing, Medieval football, Metrication, Midfielder, Names for association football, National Archaeological Museum, Athens, Nettie Honeyball, Northern England, Oceania Football Confederation, OFC Nations Cup, Offside (association football), Olympic Games, Online Etymology Dictionary, Overtime (sports), Oxford "-er", Paraguay national football team, Paralympic association football, Paris, Parliament, Patrice Evra, Penalty area, Penalty card, Penalty kick (association football), Penalty shoot-out (association football), Playing period, Premier League, Preston, Lancashire, Promotion and relegation, Public school (United Kingdom), Red Star Belgrade, Referee (association football), Replay (sports), Roman Empire, Round-robin tournament, Routledge, Rugby football, Rugby Football Union, Rugby School, Scoring in association football, Scottish Football Association, Scottish people, Serie A, Sheffield & Hallamshire County Football Association, Sheffield F.C., Shin guard, Shrewsbury School, Single-elimination tournament, Song dynasty, Stoke City F.C., Stone carving, Street football, Substitute (association football), Sweden national football team, Table (information), Team sport, The Beautiful Game, The Conversation (website), The Football Association, The Independent, The Midlands, The Sunday Times, The Washington Post, Throw-in, Tie (draw), Timewasting, Trinity College, Cambridge, Two-legged tie, UEFA, UEFA Champions League, UEFA Euro 1996, UEFA Euro 2004, UEFA European Championship, United States women's national soccer team, Uppingham School, Volleyball, William McGregor (football), Winchester College, Woggabaliri, World War I, World War II, Wrestling, Yugoslav Wars, Zürich, Zhejiang, 1872 Scotland vs England football match, 1900 Summer Olympics, 1930 FIFA World Cup, 1932 Summer Olympics, 1948 Summer Olympics, 1970 FIFA World Cup, 1980 Summer Olympics, 1984 Summer Olympics, 1984 Summer Paralympics, 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup, 1992 Summer Olympics, 1996 Summer Olympics, 1998 FIFA World Cup, 2002 FIFA World Cup, 2004 Summer Paralympics, 2005–06 FA Premier League, 2006 FIFA World Cup, 2006 FIFA World Cup Final, 2014 FIFA World Cup, 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup. 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In the United Kingdom, football clubs sometimes choose to enter administration when they are unable to pay off outstanding debts.
The AFC Asian Cup is an international association football tournament run by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC).
The Total Africa Cup of Nations, officially CAN (Coupe d'Afrique des Nations), also referred to as African Cup of Nations, or AFCON, is the main international association football competition in Africa.
Age fraud is a term for age fabrication or the use of false documentation to gain an advantage over opponents.
The Apertura and Clausura tournaments are a relatively recent innovation for many Latin American football leagues in which the traditional association football season from August to May is divided in two sections per season, each with its own champion.
The Asian Football Confederation (AFC) is the governing body of association football in Asia and Australia.
In association football, an assistant referee (AR, known as a linesman or lineswoman before 1996, expressions which are still in common unofficial use) is an official empowered with assisting the referee in enforcing the Laws of the Game during a match.
Association football culture refers to the cultural aspects surrounding the game of association football.
Association football headgear is worn by association football players to protect the head from injury.
In the sport of association football, each of the 11 players on a team is assigned to a particular position on the field of play.
There are various individual skills and team tactics needed to play effective football.
Aston Villa Football Club (nicknamed Villa, The Villa, The Villans and The Lions) is a professional football club based in Aston, Birmingham, England.
Athenaeus of Naucratis (Ἀθήναιος Nαυκρατίτης or Nαυκράτιος, Athēnaios Naukratitēs or Naukratios; Athenaeus Naucratita) was a Greek rhetorician and grammarian, flourishing about the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 3rd century AD.
Australian rules football, officially known as Australian football, or simply called Aussie rules, football or footy, is a contact sport played between two teams of eighteen players on an oval-shaped field, often a modified cricket ground.
The away goals rule is a method of breaking ties in association football and other sports when teams play each other twice, once at each team's home ground.
A football, soccer ball, or association football ball is the ball used in the sport of association football.
Ball games (or ballgames), also ball sports, are any form of game or sport which feature a ball as part of play.
The ball in and out of play is the ninth law of the Laws of the Game of association football, and describes to the two basic states of play in the game.
Beach soccer, also known as beach football or beasal, is a variant of association football played on a beach or some form of sand.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Blackheath Football Club is a rugby union club based in Well Hall, Eltham in south-east London, now playing National 1 league rugby at Well Hall, having moved from the famous Rectory Field in Blackheath at the end of the 2015-16 season.
Bouaké (or Bwake) is the second-largest city in Ivory Coast, with a population of 536,189 (2014 census).
The British Ladies' Football Club was an all-woman football team formed in the United Kingdom in 1895.
The Bundesliga (lit. "Federal League", sometimes referred to as the Fußball-Bundesliga or 1. Bundesliga) is a professional association football league in Germany and the football league with the highest average stadium attendance worldwide.
The Cambridge Rules were a code of rules for football first drawn up at Cambridge University, England, in 1848, by a committee that included H. de Winton and J. C. Thring.
The Cameroonian Football Federation (Fédération Camerounaise de Football) is the governing body of football in Cameroon.
The team captain of an association football team, sometimes known as the skipper, is a team member chosen to be the on-pitch leader of the team: it is often one of the older or more experienced members of the squad, or a player that can heavily influence a game.
Charles William ″C.W.″ Alcock (2 December 1842 – 26 February 1907) was an influential English sportsman and administrator.
Charterhouse is an independent day and boarding school in Godalming, Surrey.
The Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF,; typeset for branding purposes since 2018 as Concacaf) is the continental governing body for association football (soccer) in North America, which includes Central America and the Caribbean region.
The CONCACAF Gold Cup (Copa de Oro de la CONCACAF) is the main association football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONCACAF, determining the continental champion of North America, Central America, and the Caribbean.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
The Confederation of African Football or CAF (Confédération Africaine de Football) is the administrative and controlling body for African association football.
The South American Football Confederation (CONMEBOL,; Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol; Confederação Sul-Americana de Futebol or CSF) is the continental governing body of association football in South America (apart from Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana) and it is one of FIFA's six continental confederations.
Contact sports are sports that emphasize or require physical contact between players.
Copa América (America Cup), known until 1975 as the South American Football Championship (Campeonato Sudamericano de Fútbol in Spanish and Campeonato Sul-americano de Futebol (Portugal) ou Copa Sul-Americana de Futebol (Brazil) in Portuguese), is an international men's football tournament contested between national teams from CONMEBOL.
The CONMEBOL Libertadores, named as Copa Libertadores de América (Copa Libertadores da América or Taça Libertadores da América), is an annual international club football competition organized by CONMEBOL since 1960.
A corner kick is the method of restarting play in a game of association football when the ball goes out of play over the goal line, without a goal being scored, and having last been touched by a member of the defending team.
Cuju, or Ts'u Chu is an ancient Chinese football game, also played in Korea, Japan and Vietnam.
The Czech national football team (Česká fotbalová reprezentace) represents the Czech Republic in association football and is controlled by the Football Association of the Czech Republic, the governing body for football in the Czech Republic.
In the sport of association football, a defender is an outfield player whose primary role is to prevent the opposing team from scoring goals.
The Denmark national football team (Danmarks fodboldlandshold) represents Denmark in association football and is controlled by the Danish Football Association (DBU), the governing body for the football clubs which are organized under DBU.
Dick, Kerr's Ladies F.C. was one of the earliest known women's association football teams in England.
A direct free kick is a method of restarting play in a game of association football following a foul.
In sports, a division is a group of teams who compete against each other for a championship.
The domestic association football season in countries that association football is played around the world varies in length and time of year contested.
In competitive sports, doping is the use of banned athletic performance-enhancing drugs by athletic competitors.
In sports, dribbling is maneuvering of a ball by a single player while moving in a given direction, avoiding defenders' attempts to intercept the ball.
A dropped-ball (or drop-ball) is a method of restarting play in a game of association football.
The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
Ebenezer Cobb Morley (16 August 1831 – 20 November 1924) was an English sportsman and is regarded as the father of the Football Association and modern football.
The English Football League (EFL) is a league competition featuring professional football clubs from England and Wales.
During the early modern era pupils, former pupils and teachers at English public schools developed and wrote down the first codes of football, most notably the Eton College (1815) and Aldenham school (1825) football rules.
Approximately 330 to 360 million people speak English as their first language.
Episkyros (ἐπίσκυρος; also called ἐπίκοινος epikoinos, "commonball") was an ancient Greek ball game.
Eton College is an English independent boarding school for boys in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor.
An exhibition game (also known as a friendly, a scrimmage, a demonstration, a preseason game, a warmup match, or a preparation match, depending at least in part on the sport) is a sporting event whose prize money and impact on the player's or the team's rankings is either zero or otherwise greatly reduced.
The FA Cup, known officially as The Football Association Challenge Cup, is an annual knockout football competition in men's domestic English football.
A fan, or fanatic, sometimes also termed aficionado or supporter, is a person who is enthusiastically devoted to something or somebody, such as a singer or band, a sports team, a genre, a politician, a book, a movie or an entertainer.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA; French for "International Federation of Association Football") is an association which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, futsal, and beach soccer.
The FIFA Club World Cup is an international men's association football competition organised by the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
The FIFA Confederations Cup is an international association football tournament for men's national teams, currently held every four years by FIFA.
The FIFA Women's World Cup is an international football competition contested by the senior women's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
FIFA Women's World Cup qualification is the process a national women's association football team goes through to qualify for the FIFA Women's World Cup.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
The First Ivorian Civil War was a conflict in the Ivory Coast (also known as Côte d'Ivoire) that began in 2002.
Five-a-side game on astroturf pitch, Singapore Five-a-side football is a variation of association football, in which each team fields five players (four outfield players and a goalkeeper).
Football is a family of team sports that involve, to varying degrees, kicking a ball with a foot to score a goal.
The Football Association of Wales (Cymdeithas Bêl-droed Cymru) (FAW) is the governing body of association football in Wales, and controls the Wales national football team and its corresponding women's team.
Association football has been included in every Summer Olympic Games as a men's competition sport, except 1896 and 1932.
A football pitch (also known as a football field or soccer field) is the playing surface for the game of association football.
A football player is a sportsperson who plays one of the different types of football.
The Football War (La guerra del fútbol), also known as the Soccer War or the 100 Hour War, was a brief war fought between El Salvador and Honduras in 1969.
In association football, the formation describes how the players in a team generally position themselves on the pitch.
Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing team's goal, and are therefore most responsible for scoring goals.
Fouls and misconduct in association football are acts committed by players which are deemed by the referee to be unfair and are subsequently penalized.
The France national football team (Équipe de France de football) represents France in international football and is controlled by the French Football Federation, also known as FFF, or in Fédération française de football.
The Freemasons' Tavern was established in 1775 at 61-65 Great Queen Street.
Futsal is a variant of association football played on a hard court, smaller than a football pitch, and mainly indoors.
The following article gives a list of Women's association football confederations, sub-confederations and associations around the world.
The Germany national football team (deutsche Fußballnationalmannschaft or Die Mannschaft) is the men's football team that has represented Germany in international competition since 1908.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
Association football (more commonly known as football or soccer) was first codified in 1863 in England, although games that involved the kicking of a ball were evident considerably earlier.
Građanski nogometni klub Dinamo Zagreb, commonly referred to as GNK Dinamo Zagreb or simply Dinamo Zagreb, is a professional Croatian football club based in Zagreb.
In sports, a goal is a physical structure or area where an attacking team must send the ball or puck in order to score points.
A goal kick, called a goalie kick in some regions, is a method of restarting play in a game of association football.
The goalkeeper, often shortened to keeper or goalie, is one of the major positions of association football.
The golden goal or golden point is a rule used in association football, bandy, lacrosse, field hockey, ice hockey, floorball and korfball to decide the winner of a match (typically a knock-out match) in which scores are equal at the end of normal time.
Great Queen Street is a street in the West End of central London in England.
Henry de Winton and John Charles Thring were influential in the development of modern codes of football.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
Hangzhou (Mandarin:; local dialect: /ɦɑŋ tseɪ/) formerly romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang Province in East China.
Harpastum, also known as harpustum, was a form of ball game played in the Roman Empire.
Harrow School is an independent boarding school for boys in Harrow, London, England.
The history of rugby union follows from various football games played long before the 19th century, but it was not until the middle of that century that the rules were formulated and codified.
The system of imperial units or the imperial system (also known as British Imperial or Exchequer Standards of 1825) is the system of units first defined in the British Weights and Measures Act of 1824, which was later refined and reduced.
An indirect free kick is a method of restarting play in a game of association football.
Indoor soccer, or arena soccer (known internationally as indoor football, minifootball, fast football, floorball or showball), is a game derived from association football adapted for play in a walled indoor arena.
This article lists all international competitions in women's football (soccer).
The International Football Association Board (IFAB) is the body that determines the Laws of the Game of association football.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international (d'unités)) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.
The Irish Football Association (IFA) is the governing body for association football in Northern Ireland.
The Ivory Coast national football team (Équipe de Côte d'Ivoire de football), nicknamed Les Éléphants (The Elephants), represents Ivory Coast in international football and is controlled by the Fédération Ivoirienne de Football (FIF).
The represents Japan in association football and is operated by the Japan Football Association (JFA), the governing body for football in Japan.
A jockstrap (also known as a jock, strap, supporter, or athletic supporter) is an undergarment for supporting the male genitalia during cycling, contact sports or other vigorous physical activity.
Kemari (蹴鞠) is a ball game that was popular in Japan during the Heian Period.
A kick-off is the method of starting and, in some cases, restarting play in a game of association football.
In association football, kit (also referred to as a strip or uniform) is the standard equipment and attire worn by players.
The Primera División, commonly known as La Liga and as La Liga Santander for sponsorship reasons with Santander, is the men's top professional football division of the Spanish football league system.
The Laws of the Game (LOTG) are the codified rules that help define association football.
A league system is a hierarchy of leagues in a sport between consecutive levels of the hierarchy.
Ligue 1, also called Ligue 1 Conforama for sponsorship reasons with Conforama, is a French professional league for men's association football clubs.
This is a list of lists of association football clubs from all over the world.
This is a list of major football stadiums, grouped by country and ordered by capacity.
In top-level football, 27 players have scored 500 or more goals over the course of their career, according to research by the Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.
This is a list of the men's national association football teams in the world.
This is a partial list of women's association football club teams from all over the world sorted by confederation.
This is a complete list of national association football teams in women's association football, arranged alphabetically within their confederations.
The following are lists of people who play football.
Luis Alberto Suárez Díaz (born 24 January 1987) is a Uruguayan professional footballer who plays as a striker for Spanish club Barcelona and the Uruguay national team.
In association football, a manager is an occupation of head coach in the United Kingdom responsible for running a football club or a national team.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
In organized sports, match fixing occurs as a match is played to a completely or partially pre-determined result, violating the rules of the game and often the law.
"Medieval football" is a modern term used for a wide variety of localised football games which were invented and played in Europe during the Middle Ages.
Metrication or metrification is conversion to the metric system of units of measurement.
A midfielder is an association football position.
The names of association football are the terms used to describe:association football, the sport most commonly referred to in the English-speaking world as "football" or "soccer".
The National Archaeological Museum (Εθνικό Αρχαιολογικό Μουσείο) in Athens houses some of the most important artifacts from a variety of archaeological locations around Greece from prehistory to late antiquity.
Nettie Honeyball, also referred to as Nettie J. Honeyball, was the founder of the British Ladies' Football Club, the first known women's association football club, and one of their players until spring 1895.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Northern England, also known simply as the North, is the northern part of England, considered as a single cultural area.
The Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) is one of the six continental confederations of international association football, consisting of New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Tonga, and other Pacific Island countries.
The OFC Nations Cup is an international association football tournament held among the Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) member nations.
Offside is one of the laws of association football, codified in Law 11 of the Laws of the Game.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
The Online Etymology Dictionary is a free online dictionary written and compiled by Douglas Harper that describes the origins of English-language words.
Overtime or extra time is an additional period of play specified under the rules of a sport to bring a game to a decision and avoid declaring the match a tie or draw where the scores are the same.
The Oxford "-er", or often "-ers", is a colloquial and sometimes facetious suffix prevalent at Oxford University from about 1875, which is thought to have been borrowed from the slang of Rugby School.
The Paraguay national football team is controlled by the Paraguayan Football Association (Asociación Paraguaya de Fútbol) and represents Paraguay in men's international football competitions.
Paralympic football consists of adaptations of the sport of association football for athletes with a physical disability.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government.
Patrice Latyr Evra (born 15 May 1981) is a professional footballer who played most recently for English club West Ham United and who has represented the France national team.
The penalty area or 18-yard box (also known less formally as the penalty box or simply box) is an area of an association football pitch.
Penalty cards are used in many sports as a means of warning, reprimanding or penalising a player, coach or team official.
A penalty kick (more commonly known as a penalty) is a method of restarting play in association football, in which a player is allowed to take a single shot on the goal while it is defended only by the opposing team's goalkeeper.
A penalty shoot-out (officially kicks from the penalty mark) is a method of determining which team advances or is awarded the championship of an association football match that cannot end in a draw but where the score is tied after the regulation playing time as well as extra time (if used) have expired.
Playing period is a division of time in a sports or games, in which play occurs.
The Premier League is the top level of the English football league system.
Preston is the administrative centre of Lancashire, England, on the north bank of the River Ribble.
In sports leagues, promotion and relegation is a process where teams are transferred between multiple divisions based on their performance for the completed season.
A public school in England and Wales is a long-established, student-selective, fee-charging independent secondary school that caters primarily for children aged between 11 or 13 and 18, and whose head teacher is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC).
Fudbalski klub Crvena zvezda (Фудбалски клуб Црвена звезда), commonly known in English as Red Star Belgrade (Црвена звезда Београд / Crvena zvezda Beograd) or simply Red Star, is a Serbian professional football club based in Belgrade, the major part of the Red Star multi-sport club.
In association football, the referee is the person responsible for enforcing the Laws of the Game during the course of a match.
A replay (also called a rematch) is the repetition of a match in many sports.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
A round-robin tournament (or all-play-all tournament) is a competition in which each contestant meets all other contestants in turn.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
Rugby football refers to the team sports rugby league and rugby union.
The Rugby Football Union (RFU) is the governing body for rugby union in England.
Rugby School is a day and boarding co-educational independent school in Rugby, Warwickshire, England.
In games of association football teams compete to score the most goals during the match.
The Scottish Football Association (also known as the SFA and the Scottish FA; Scottish Gaelic: Comann Ball-coise na h-Alba; Scots Fitbaw Association), is the governing body of football in Scotland and has the ultimate responsibility for the control and development of football in Scotland.
The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.
Serie A, also called Serie A TIM due to sponsorship by TIM, is a professional league competition for football clubs located at the top of the Italian football league system and the winner is awarded the Coppa Campioni d'Italia.
The Sheffield and Hallamshire Football Association (originally called the Sheffield Football Association) was formed in Sheffield in 1867 and was the first County Football Association in England.
Sheffield Football Club is an English football club from Sheffield, South Yorkshire, although now based in Dronfield, Derbyshire.
A shin guard or shin pad is a piece of equipment worn on the front of a player’s shin to protect them from injury.
Shrewsbury School is an English co-educational independent school for pupils aged 13 to 18 in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, founded by Edward VI in 1552 by Royal Charter.
A single-elimination, knockout, or sudden death tournament is a type of elimination tournament where the loser of each match-up is immediately eliminated from the tournament.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Stoke City Football Club is an English professional football club based in Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire.
Stone carving is an activity where pieces of rough natural stone are shaped by the controlled removal of stone.
The terms street football and street soccer (in United States) encompass a number of informal varieties of association football.
In association football, a substitute is a player who is brought on to the pitch during a match in exchange for an existing player.
The Sweden national football team (svenska fotbollslandslaget) represents Sweden in association football and is controlled by the Swedish Football Association, the governing body for football in Sweden.
A table is an arrangement of data in rows and columns, or possibly in a more complex structure.
A team sport includes any sport which involves two or more players working together towards a shared objective.
The Beautiful Game (o jogo bonito) is a nickname for association football popularised by the Brazilian professional footballer Pelé.
The Conversation is an independent, not-for-profit media outlet that uses content sourced from the academic and research community.
The Football Association (FA) is the governing body of association football in England, the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Midlands is a cultural and geographic area roughly spanning central England that broadly corresponds to the early medieval Kingdom of Mercia.
The Sunday Times is the largest-selling British national newspaper in the "quality press" market category.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
A throw-in is a method of restarting play in a game of football (or soccer) when the ball has exited the side of the field of play.
A draw or tie occurs in a competitive sport when the results are identical or inconclusive.
Timewasting (or time-wasting) in the context of sports refers to the actions of one team which expend time, but do not otherwise have a tactical purpose.
Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England.
In sports (particularly association football), a two-legged tie is a contest between two teams which comprises two matches or "legs", with each team as the home team in one leg.
The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA; Union des Associations Européennes de Football; Vereinigung Europäischer Fußballverbände) is the administrative body for association football in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia.
The UEFA Champions League is an annual continental club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and contested by top-division European clubs.
The 1996 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as Euro 96, was the 10th UEFA European Championship, a quadrennial football tournament contested by European nations and organised by UEFA.
The 2004 UEFA European Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2004 or simply Euro 2004, was the 12th edition of the UEFA European Championship, a quadrennial football competition contested by the men's national teams of UEFA member associations.
The UEFA European Championship (known informally as the Euros) is the primary association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), determining the continental champion of Europe.
The United States women's national soccer team (USWNT) represents the United States in international women's soccer.
Uppingham School is a co-educational independent school situated in the small market town of Uppingham in Rutland, England.
Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net.
William McGregor (1846 – 1911) was a Scottish association football administrator in the Victorian era who is regarded as the founder of the Football League, the first organised association football league in the world.
Winchester College is an independent boarding school for boys in the British public school tradition, situated in Winchester, Hampshire.
Woggabaliri is a traditional Indigenous Australian "co-operative kicking volley game" similar to the games of keepie uppie and footbag.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wrestling is a combat sport involving grappling type techniques such as clinch fighting, throws and takedowns, joint locks, pins and other grappling holds.
The Yugoslav Wars were a series of ethnic conflicts, wars of independence and insurgencies fought from 1991 to 1999/2001 in the former Yugoslavia.
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.
, formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of China.
The 1872 match between Scotland and England was the first ever association football official international match to be played.
The 1900 Summer Olympics (Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 1900), today officially known as the Games of the II Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that took place in Paris, France, in 1900.
The 1930 FIFA World Cup was the inaugural FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams.
The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from July 30 to August 14, 1932, in Los Angeles, California, United States.
The 1948 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event which was held in London, United Kingdom.
The 1970 FIFA World Cup was the ninth FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football championship for men's national teams.
The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad (r), was an international multi-sport event held in Moscow, Soviet Union, in present-day Russia.
The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from July 28 to August 12, 1984, in Los Angeles (LA), California, United States.
The 1984 International Games for the Disabled, canonically the 1984 Summer Paralympics were the seventh Paralympic Games to be held.
The 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup was the inaugural FIFA Women's World Cup, the world championship for women's national association football teams.
The 1992 Summer Olympic Games (Spanish: Juegos Olímpicos de Verano de 1992; Catalan: Jocs Olímpics d'estiu de 1992), officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event celebrated in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain in 1992.
The 1996 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and unofficially referred to as the Centennial Olympic Games, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from July 19 to August 4, 1996, in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
The 1998 FIFA World Cup was the 16th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams.
The 2002 FIFA World Cup was the 17th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial world championship for men's national football teams organized by FIFA.
The 2004 Summer Paralympics (Θερινοί Παραολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 2004), the 12th Summer Paralympic Games, were a major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities governed by the International Paralympic Committee, held in Athens, Greece from 17 September to 28 September 2004.
The 2005–06 FA Premier League (known as the FA Barclays Premiership for sponsorship reasons) began on 13 August 2005, and concluded on 7 May 2006.
The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament.
The 2006 FIFA World Cup Final was a football match that took place on 9 July 2006 at the Olympiastadion, Berlin, Germany, to determine the winner of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
The 2014 FIFA World Cup was the 20th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial world championship for men's national football teams organized by FIFA.
The 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup was the seventh FIFA Women's World Cup, the quadrennial international women's football world championship tournament.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
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