116 relations: Accordion, Ajam (maqam), Al-Farabi, Alberto Ginastera, Alois Hába, Ammar El Sherei, Ancient Greece, Arabic maqam, Aristoxenus, Audio signal processing, Augmented unison, Australia, Bağlama, Bass guitar, Bayati (maqam), Ben Johnston (composer), Cent (music), Charles Ives, Dastgah, Didymos, Ditone, Embouchure, Equal temperament, Experimental musical instrument, Finger vibrato, Flying Microtonal Banana, Fret, Fretless guitar, Gérard Grisey, George Enescu, Giacinto Scelsi, Guitar, Guitar tunings, Harmonic series (music), Harmonic seventh, Horn (instrument), Huqin, Iannis Xenakis, Interval (music), Ivan Wyschnegradsky, John Fonville, John Tyrrell (musicologist), Julián Carrillo, Just intonation, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Kazoo, King Gizzard & the Lizard Wizard, Krzysztof Penderecki, List of meantone intervals, List of quarter tone pieces, ..., Lists of composers, Ljubica Marić, Major fourth and minor fifth, Major second, Major seventh, Major sixth, Major third, Markneukirchen, Microtonal music, Mikhail Mishaqa, Mildred Couper, Minor seventh, Minor sixth, Minor third, Music sequencer, Music theory, Musical temperament, Neutral interval, Neutral sixth, Neutral third, Octave, Organ (music), Oud, P. D. Q. Bach, Pedal steel guitar, Perfect fifth, Perfect fourth, Piano, Pierre Boulez, Pitch shift, Psychedelic rock, Quarter tone, Quarter tone clarinet, Rast (maqam), Safi al-Din al-Urmawi, Semitone, Septimal major third, Septimal minor third, Septimal quarter tone, Septimal tritone, Septimal whole tone, Sigah, Sitar, Slide trumpet, Slide whistle, Stanley Sadie, Steps and skips, String instrument, Subminor and supermajor, Synthesizer, Tetrachord, Theremin, Tristan Murail, Trombone, Trumpet, Tuba, Tui St. George Tucker, Ukulele, Unison, Violin family, Wind instrument, Woodwind instrument, 22 equal temperament, 31 equal temperament, 53 equal temperament, 72 equal temperament. Expand index (66 more) » « Shrink index
Accordions (from 19th-century German Akkordeon, from Akkord—"musical chord, concord of sounds") are a family of box-shaped musical instruments of the bellows-driven free-reed aerophone type, colloquially referred to as a squeezebox.
‘Ajam (Turkish: Acem) is the name of a maqam (musical mode) in Arabic, Turkish, and related systems of music.
Al-Farabi (known in the West as Alpharabius; c. 872 – between 14 December, 950 and 12 January, 951) was a renowned philosopher and jurist who wrote in the fields of political philosophy, metaphysics, ethics and logic.
Alberto Evaristo Ginastera (April 11, 1916June 25, 1983) was an Argentine composer of classical music.
Alois Hába (21 June 1893 – 18 November 1973) was a Czech composer, music theorist and teacher.
Ammar Ali Mohamed Ibrahim Ali Al Sherei (عمار علي محمد إبراهيم علي الشريعي) or more commonly known as Ammar El Sherei (16 April 1948 – 7 December 2012) was an Egyptian music icon, performer and composer.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Arabic maqam (maqām, literally "place"; مقامات) is the system of melodic modes used in traditional Arabic music, which is mainly melodic.
Aristoxenus of Tarentum (Ἀριστόξενος ὁ Ταραντῖνος; born c. 375, fl. 335 BCE) was a Greek Peripatetic philosopher, and a pupil of Aristotle.
Audio signal processing or audio processing is the intentional alteration of audio signals often through an audio effect or effects unit.
In modern Western tonal music theory an augmented unison or augmented prime is the interval between two notes on the same staff position, or denoted by the same note letter, whose alterations cause them, in ordinary equal temperament, to be one semitone apart.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The bağlama (bağlama, from bağlamak, "to tie") is a stringed musical instrument.
The bass guitar (also known as electric bass, or bass) is a stringed instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric guitar, except with a longer neck and scale length, and four to six strings or courses.
Bayātī (Arabic بياتي), AKA Bayat and Uşşâk (Ushaq), is the name of a maqam (musical mode) in Arabic, Turkish, and related systems of music.
Benjamin Burwell Johnston, Jr. (born March 15, 1926 in Macon, Georgia) is a composer of contemporary music in just intonation: "one of the foremost composers of microtonal music".
The cent is a logarithmic unit of measure used for musical intervals.
Charles Edward Ives (October 20, 1874May 19, 1954) was an American modernist composer.
Dastgāh (دستگاه) is a musical modal system in traditional Persian art music.
Didymos (Greek: Δίδυμος) was an ancient Greek music theorist in the last century before the common era.
In music, a ditone (from, "of two tones") is the interval of a major third.
Embouchure or lipping is the use of the lips, facial muscles, tongue, and teeth in playing a wind instrument.
An equal temperament is a musical temperament, or a system of tuning, in which the frequency interval between every pair of adjacent notes has the same ratio.
An experimental musical instrument (or custom-made instrument) is a musical instrument that modifies or extends an existing instrument or class of instruments, or defines or creates a new class of instrument.
Finger vibrato is vibrato produced on a string instrument by cyclic hand movements.
Flying Microtonal Banana is the ninth studio album by Australian psychedelic rock band King Gizzard & the Lizard Wizard.
A fret is a raised element on the neck of a stringed instrument.
A fretless guitar is a guitar with a fingerboard that does not have frets.
Gérard Grisey (17 June 1946 – 11 November 1998) was a French composer of contemporary music.
George Enescu (19 August 1881 – 4 May 1955), known in France as Georges Enesco, was a Romanian composer, violinist, pianist, conductor, and teacher.
Giacinto Scelsi (8 January 1905 9 August 1988) was an Italian composer who also wrote surrealist poetry in French.
The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings.
Guitar tunings assign pitches to the open strings of guitars, including acoustic guitars, electric guitars and classical guitars, among others.
A harmonic series is the sequence of sounds—pure tones, represented by sinusoidal waves—in which the frequency of each sound is an integer multiple of the fundamental, the lowest frequency.
The harmonic seventh interval, also known as the septimal minor seventh, or subminor seventh, is one with an exact 7:4 ratioAndrew Horner, Lydia Ayres (2002).
A horn is any of a family of musical instruments made of a tube, usually made of metal and often curved in various ways, with one narrow end into which the musician blows, and a wide end from which sound emerges.
Huqin is a family of bowed string instruments, more specifically, a spike fiddle popularly used in Chinese music.
Iannis Xenakis (Greek: Γιάννης (Ιάννης) Ξενάκης; 29 May 1922 – 4 February 2001) was a Romanian-born, Greek-French composer, music theorist, architect, and engineer.
In music theory, an interval is the difference between two pitches.
Ivan Alexandrovich Wyschnegradsky (September 29, 1979), also transliterated as Vïshnegradsky, Wyshnegradsky, Wischnegradsky, Vishnegradsky, or Wishnegradsky (Ива́н Алекса́ндрович Вышнегра́дский) (since he emigrated to France, he used "Wyschnegradsky" as spelling for his surname) was a Russian composer primarily known for his microtonal compositions, including the quarter tone scale (24-tet: 50 cents).
John Fonville is a flutist and composer.
John Tyrrell (born 1942) is a British musicologist.
Julián Carrillo Trujillo (January 28, 1875 – September 9, 1965) was a Mexican composer,Camp, Roderic Ai (1995).
In music, just intonation (sometimes abbreviated as JI) or pure intonation is any musical tuning in which the frequencies of notes are related by ratios of small whole numbers.
Karlheinz Stockhausen (22 August 1928 – 5 December 2007) was a German composer, widely acknowledged by critics as one of the most important but also controversial composers of the 20th and early 21st centuries.
The kazoo is a musical instrument that adds a "buzzing" timbral quality to a player's voice when the player vocalizes into it.
King Gizzard & the Lizard Wizard is an Australian psychedelic rock band formed in 2010 in Melbourne, Victoria.
Krzysztof Eugeniusz Penderecki (born 23 November 1933) is a Polish composer and conductor.
The following is a list of intervals of extended meantone temperament.
A selection of compositions using quarter tones.
This is a list of lists of composers grouped by various criteria.
Ljubica Marić (18 March 1909 – 17 September 2003) was a composer from Yugoslavia.
In music, major fourth and minor fifth are intervals from the quarter tone scale, named by Ivan Wyschnegradsky to describe the tones surrounding the tritone (F/G) found in the more familiar twelve tone scale.
In Western music theory, a major second (sometimes also called whole tone) is a second spanning two semitones.
In classical music from Western culture, a seventh is a musical interval encompassing seven staff positions (see Interval number for more details), and the major seventh is one of two commonly occurring sevenths.
In music from Western culture, a sixth is a musical interval encompassing six note letter names or staff positions (see Interval number for more details), and the major sixth is one of two commonly occurring sixths.
In classical music from Western culture, a third is a musical interval encompassing three staff positions (see Interval number for more details), and the major third is a third spanning four semitones.
Markneukirchen is a town in the Vogtlandkreis district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, close to the Czech border.
Microtonal music or microtonality is the use in music of microtones—intervals smaller than a semitone, also called "microintervals".
Mikhail Mishaqa or Michael Mishaka (1800–1888; ميخائيل مشاقة), also known as Doctor Mishaqa, was born in Rashmayyā, Lebanon, and is reputed to be "the first historian of modern Ottoman Syria"Zachs (2001).
Mildred Couper (December 10, 1887 in Buenos Aires, Argentina – August 9, 1974 in Santa Barbara, United States) was a prominent American composer and pianist, and one of the first musicians to experiment with quarter-tone music.
In music theory, a minor seventh is one of two musical intervals that span seven staff positions.
In classical music from Western culture, a sixth is a musical interval encompassing six staff positions (see Interval number for more details), and the minor sixth is one of two commonly occurring sixths.
In the music theory of Western culture, a minor third is a musical interval that encompasses three half steps, or semitones.
A music sequencer (or simply sequencer) is a device or application software that can record, edit, or play back music, by handling note and performance information in several forms, typically CV/Gate, MIDI, or Open Sound Control (OSC), and possibly audio and automation data for DAWs and plug-ins.
Music theory is the study of the practices and possibilities of music.
In musical tuning, a temperament is a tuning system that slightly compromises the pure intervals of just intonation to meet other requirements.
In music theory, a neutral interval is an interval that is neither a major nor minor, but instead in between.
A neutral sixth is a musical interval wider than a minor sixth but narrower than a major sixth.
A neutral third is a musical interval wider than a minor third but narrower than a major third, named by Jan Pieter Land in 1880; the name has been taken over by Alois Hába.
In music, an octave (octavus: eighth) or perfect octave is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its frequency.
In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.
The oud (عود) is a short-neck lute-type, pear-shaped stringed instrument (a chordophone in the Hornbostel-Sachs classification of instruments) with 11 or 13 strings grouped in 5 or 6 courses, commonly used in Egyptian, Syrian, Palestinian, Lebanese, Iraqi, Arabian, Jewish, Persian, Greek, Armenian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, North African (Chaabi, Classical, and Spanish Andalusian), Somali, and various other forms of Middle Eastern and North African music.
The pedal steel guitar is a console-type of steel guitar with pedals and levers added to enable playing more varied and complex music which had not been possible with antecedent steel guitar designs.
In music theory, a perfect fifth is the musical interval corresponding to a pair of pitches with a frequency ratio of 3:2, or very nearly so.
In classical music from Western culture, a fourth spans exactly four letter names (staff positions), while a perfect fourth (harmonic series) always involves the same interval, regardless of key (sharps and flats) between letters. A perfect fourth is the relationship between the third and fourth harmonics, sounding neither major nor minor, but consonant with an unstable quality (additive synthesis). In the key of C, the notes C and F constitute a perfect fourth relationship, as they're separated by four semitones (C, C#, D, D#, E, F). Up until the late 19th century, the perfect fourth was often called by its Greek name, diatessaron. A perfect fourth in just intonation corresponds to a pitch ratio of 4:3, or about 498 cents, while in equal temperament a perfect fourth is equal to five semitones, or 500 cents. The perfect fourth is a perfect interval like the unison, octave, and perfect fifth, and it is a sensory consonance. In common practice harmony, however, it is considered a stylistic dissonance in certain contexts, namely in two-voice textures and whenever it appears above the bass. If the bass note also happens to be the chord's root, the interval's upper note almost always temporarily displaces the third of any chord, and, in the terminology used in popular music, is then called a suspended fourth. Conventionally, adjacent strings of the double bass and of the bass guitar are a perfect fourth apart when unstopped, as are all pairs but one of adjacent guitar strings under standard guitar tuning. Sets of tom-tom drums are also commonly tuned in perfect fourths. The 4:3 just perfect fourth arises in the C major scale between G and C.
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.
Pierre Louis Joseph Boulez CBE (26 March 1925 – 5 January 2016) was a French composer, conductor, writer and founder of institutions.
Pitch shifting is a sound recording technique in which the original pitch of a sound is raised or lowered.
Psychedelic rock is a diverse style of rock music inspired, influenced, or representative of psychedelic culture, which is centred around perception-altering hallucinogenic drugs.
A quarter tone is a pitch halfway between the usual notes of a chromatic scale or an interval about half as wide (aurally, or logarithmically) as a semitone, which itself is half a whole tone.
A quarter tone clarinet is an experimental clarinet designed to play music using quarter tone intervals.
Rast Panjgah (or Rast; Persian: راست پنج گاه) is the name of a Dastgah (musical mode) in Persian and related systems of music.
Safi al-Din al-Urmawi al-Baghdadi (صفی الدین اورموی) or Safi al-Din Abd al-Mu'min ibn Yusuf ibn al-Fakhir al-Urmawi al-Baghdadi (born c. 1216 AD in Urmia, died in 1294 AD in Baghdad) was a renowned musician and writer on the theory of music, possibly of Persian origin.
A semitone, also called a half step or a half tone, is the smallest musical interval commonly used in Western tonal music, and it is considered the most dissonant when sounded harmonically.
In music, the septimal major third, also called the supermajor third (by Hermann Helmholtz among othersHermann L. F Von Helmholtz (2007). On the Sensations of Tone, p.187..) and sometimes Bohlen–Pierce third is the musical interval exactly or approximately equal to a just 9:7 ratioAndrew Horner, Lydia Ayres (2002).
In music, the septimal minor third, also called the subminor third (e.g., by Ellis), is the musical interval exactly or approximately equal to a 7/6 ratio of frequencies.
A septimal quarter tone (in music) is an interval with the ratio of 36:35, which is the difference between the septimal minor third and the Just minor third, or about 48.77 cents wide.
A septimal tritone is a tritone (about one half of an octave) that involves the factor seven.
In music, the septimal whole tone, septimal major second, or supermajor second is the musical interval exactly or approximately equal to an 8/7 ratio of frequencies.
Segah (or Sigah; Persian: سهگاه) is the name of a Dastgah (musical mode) in Persian and related systems of music.
The sitar (or; सितार, Punjabi: ਸਿਤਾਰ) is a plucked stringed instrument used in Hindustani classical music.
The slide trumpet is a type of trumpet that is fitted with a slide much like a trombone.
A slide whistle (variously known as a swanee or swannee whistle, lotos flute piston flute, or jazz flute) is a wind instrument consisting of a fipple like a recorder's and a tube with a piston in it.
Stanley John Sadie, CBE (30 October 1930 – 21 March 2005) was an influential and prolific British musicologist, music critic, and editor.
In music, a step, or conjunct motion,Bonds, Mark Evan (2006).
String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.
In music, a subminor interval is an interval that is noticeably wider than a diminished interval but noticeably narrower than a minor interval.
A synthesizer (often abbreviated as synth, also spelled synthesiser) is an electronic musical instrument that generates electric signals that are converted to sound through instrument amplifiers and loudspeakers or headphones.
In music theory, a tetrachord (τετράχορδoν, tetrachordum) is a series of four notes separated by three smaller intervals.
The theremin (--> originally known as the ætherphone/etherphone, thereminophone or termenvox/thereminvox) is an electronic musical instrument controlled without physical contact by the thereminist (performer).
Tristan Murail (born 11 March 1947) is a French composer associated with the "spectral" technique of composition.
The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family.
A trumpet is a brass instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles.
The tuba is the largest and lowest-pitched musical instrument in the brass family.
Lorraine (called 'Tui') St.
The ukulele (from ukulele (oo-koo-leh-leh); variant: ukelele) is a member of the lute family of instruments.
In music, unison is two or more musical parts sounding the same pitch or at an octave interval, usually at the same time.
The violin family of musical instruments was developed in Italy in the 16th century.
A wind instrument is a musical instrument that contains some type of resonator (usually a tube), in which a column of air is set into vibration by the player blowing into (or over) a mouthpiece set at or near the end of the resonator.
Woodwind instruments are a family of musical instruments within the more general category of wind instruments.
In music, 22 equal temperament, called 22-tet, 22-edo, or 22-et, is the tempered scale derived by dividing the octave into 22 equal steps (equal frequency ratios).
In music, 31 equal temperament, 31-ET, which can also be abbreviated 31-TET, 31-EDO (equal division of the octave), also known as tricesimoprimal, is the tempered scale derived by dividing the octave into 31 equal-sized steps (equal frequency ratios).
In music, 53 equal temperament, called 53 TET, 53 EDO, or 53 ET, is the tempered scale derived by dividing the octave into 53 equal steps (equal frequency ratios).
In music, 72 equal temperament, called twelfth-tone, 72-tet, 72-edo, or 72-et, is the tempered scale derived by dividing the octave into twelfth-tones, or in other words 72 equal steps (equal frequency ratios).
24 TET, 24 equal temperament, 24 tone equal temperament, 24-TET, 24-tet, 24-tone equal temperament, 24TET, 24tet, 31st subharmonic, 8 equal temperament, Inferior quarter tone, Inferior quarter-tone, Quart de ton, Quarter step, Quarter tone scale, Quarter tones, Quarter-step, Quarter-tone, Quarter-tone scale, Quarter-tones, Quartertone, Quarto di tono, Thirty-first subharmonic, Thirty-third harmonic, Three-quarter tone, Three-quarter-tone, Twenty-four tone equal temperament, Twenty-four-tone equal temperament, Undecimal quarter-tone, Viertelton.