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Perfect fifth

Index Perfect fifth

In music theory, a perfect fifth is the musical interval corresponding to a pair of pitches with a frequency ratio of 3:2, or very nearly so. [1]

81 relations: All fifths tuning, Andean music, Anton Bruckner, Augmented fifth, Beat (acoustics), Cadence (music), Cent (music), Chromatic scale, Circle of fifths, Classical music, Consonance and dissonance, Diatonic scale, Diminished sixth, Distortion (music), Dominant (music), Electric guitar, Enharmonic, Equal temperament, Extended chord, Folk music, French horn, Guillaume de Machaut, Hard rock, Harmonic series (music), Harvard University Press, Heavy metal music, Hemiola, Hermann von Helmholtz, Igor Stravinsky, Interval (music), Interval ratio, Inversion (music), Johannes Kepler, John Fonville, Just intonation, Kantu, Key (music), Kyrie, Major chord, Major seventh chord, Major sixth, Meantone temperament, Medieval music, Messe de Nostre Dame, Minor chord, Minor sixth, Moritz Hauptmann, Music theory, Musical note, Musical tuning, ..., Octave, Overtone, Paul Hindemith, Pérotin, Perfect fourth, Piano, Piccolo trumpet, Pitch (music), Pitch space, Power chord, Punk rock, Pythagorean tuning, Requiem (Mozart), Rock music, Root (chord), Sacred Harp, Semitone, Seventh chord, Sikuri, Symphony No. 9 (Bruckner), The Rite of Spring, Tonic (music), Triad (music), Tritone, Trumpet, Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star, Unison, Violin, Western culture, Wolf interval, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Expand index (31 more) »

All fifths tuning

Among guitar tunings, all-fifths tuning refers to the set of tunings in which each interval between consecutive open strings is a perfect fifth.

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Andean music

Andean music is a group of styles of music from the Andes region in South America.

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Anton Bruckner

Josef Anton Bruckner was an Austrian composer, organist, and music theorist best known for his symphonies, masses, Te Deum and motets.

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Augmented fifth

In classical music from Western culture, an augmented fifth is an interval produced by widening a perfect fifth by a chromatic semitone.

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Beat (acoustics)

In acoustics, a beat is an interference pattern between two sounds of slightly different frequencies, perceived as a periodic variation in volume whose rate is the difference of the two frequencies.

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Cadence (music)

In Western musical theory, a cadence (Latin cadentia, "a falling") is "a melodic or harmonic configuration that creates a sense of resolution."Don Michael Randel (1999).

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Cent (music)

The cent is a logarithmic unit of measure used for musical intervals.

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Chromatic scale

The chromatic scale is a musical scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone above or below its adjacent pitches.

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Circle of fifths

In music theory, the circle of fifths (or circle of fourths) is the relationship among the 12 tones of the chromatic scale, their corresponding key signatures, and the associated major and minor keys.

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Classical music

Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.

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Consonance and dissonance

In music, consonance and dissonance are categorizations of simultaneous or successive sounds.

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Diatonic scale

In western music theory, a diatonic scale is a heptatonic scale that includes five whole steps (whole tones) and two half steps (semitones) in each octave, in which the two half steps are separated from each other by either two or three whole steps, depending on their position in the scale.

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Diminished sixth

In classical music from Western culture, a diminished sixth is an interval produced by narrowing a minor sixth by a chromatic semitone.

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Distortion (music)

Distortion and overdrive are forms of audio signal processing used to alter the sound of amplified electric musical instruments, usually by increasing their gain, producing a "fuzzy", "growling", or "gritty" tone.

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Dominant (music)

In music, the dominant is the fifth scale degree of the diatonic scale, called "dominant" because it is next in importance to the tonic, and a dominant chord is any chord built upon that pitch, using the notes of the same diatonic scale.

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Electric guitar

An electric guitar is a guitar that uses one or more pickups to convert the vibration of its strings into electrical signals.

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Enharmonic

In modern musical notation and tuning, an enharmonic equivalent is a note, interval, or key signature that is equivalent to some other note, interval, or key signature but "spelled", or named differently.

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Equal temperament

An equal temperament is a musical temperament, or a system of tuning, in which the frequency interval between every pair of adjacent notes has the same ratio.

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Extended chord

In music, extended chords are tertian chords (built from thirds) or triads with notes extended, or added, beyond the seventh.

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Folk music

Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.

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French horn

The French horn (since the 1930s known simply as the "horn" in some professional music circles) is a brass instrument made of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell.

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Guillaume de Machaut

Guillaume de Machaut (sometimes spelled Machault; c. 1300 – April 1377) was a medieval French poet and composer.

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Hard rock

Hard rock is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music that began in the mid-1960s, with the garage, psychedelic and blues rock movements.

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Harmonic series (music)

A harmonic series is the sequence of sounds—pure tones, represented by sinusoidal waves—in which the frequency of each sound is an integer multiple of the fundamental, the lowest frequency.

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Harvard University Press

Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.

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Heavy metal music

Heavy metal (or simply metal) is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom.

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Hemiola

In music, hemiola (also hemiolia) is the ratio 3:2.

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Hermann von Helmholtz

Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (August 31, 1821 – September 8, 1894) was a German physician and physicist who made significant contributions in several scientific fields.

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Igor Stravinsky

Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor.

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Interval (music)

In music theory, an interval is the difference between two pitches.

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Interval ratio

In music, an interval ratio is a ratio of the frequencies of the pitches in a musical interval.

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Inversion (music)

There are inverted chords, inverted melodies, inverted intervals, and (in counterpoint) inverted voices.

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Johannes Kepler

Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer.

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John Fonville

John Fonville is a flutist and composer.

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Just intonation

In music, just intonation (sometimes abbreviated as JI) or pure intonation is any musical tuning in which the frequencies of notes are related by ratios of small whole numbers.

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Kantu

Kantu or k'antu is an ancient style of music and circle dance which is widespread since incaic or even preincaic epoch on the Peruvian and Bolivian highlands.

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Key (music)

In music theory, the key of a piece is the group of pitches, or scale, that forms the basis of a music composition in classical, Western art, and Western pop music.

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Kyrie

Kyrie, a transliteration of Greek Κύριε, vocative case of Κύριος (Kyrios), is a common name of an important prayer of Christian liturgy, also called the Kyrie eleison.

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Major chord

In music theory, a major chord is a chord that has a root note, a major third above this root, and a perfect fifth above this root note.

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Major seventh chord

In music, a major seventh chord is a seventh chord where the "third" note is a major third above the root, and the "seventh" note is a major seventh above the root (a fifth above the third note).

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Major sixth

In music from Western culture, a sixth is a musical interval encompassing six note letter names or staff positions (see Interval number for more details), and the major sixth is one of two commonly occurring sixths.

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Meantone temperament

Meantone temperament is a musical temperament, that is a tuning system, obtained by slightly compromising the fifths in order to improve the thirds.

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Medieval music

Medieval music consists of songs, instrumental pieces, and liturgical music from about 500 A.D. to 1400.

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Messe de Nostre Dame

Messe de Nostre Dame (Mass of Our Lady) is a polyphonic mass composed before 1365 by French poet and composer Guillaume de Machaut (c. 1300–1377).

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Minor chord

In music theory, a minor chord is a chord having a root, a minor third, and a perfect fifth.

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Minor sixth

In classical music from Western culture, a sixth is a musical interval encompassing six staff positions (see Interval number for more details), and the minor sixth is one of two commonly occurring sixths.

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Moritz Hauptmann

Moritz Hauptmann (13 October 1792 – 3 January 1868), was a German music theorist, teacher and composer.

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Music theory

Music theory is the study of the practices and possibilities of music.

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Musical note

In music, a note is the pitch and duration of a sound, and also its representation in musical notation (♪, ♩).

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Musical tuning

In music, there are two common meanings for tuning.

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Octave

In music, an octave (octavus: eighth) or perfect octave is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its frequency.

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Overtone

An overtone is any frequency greater than the fundamental frequency of a sound.

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Paul Hindemith

Paul Hindemith (16 November 1895 – 28 December 1963) was a prolific German composer, violist, violinist, teacher and conductor.

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Pérotin

Pérotin (fl. c. 1200, died 1205 or 1225), also called Perotin the Great, was a European composer, believed to be French, who lived around the end of the 12th and beginning of the 13th century.

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Perfect fourth

In classical music from Western culture, a fourth spans exactly four letter names (staff positions), while a perfect fourth (harmonic series) always involves the same interval, regardless of key (sharps and flats) between letters. A perfect fourth is the relationship between the third and fourth harmonics, sounding neither major nor minor, but consonant with an unstable quality (additive synthesis). In the key of C, the notes C and F constitute a perfect fourth relationship, as they're separated by four semitones (C, C#, D, D#, E, F). Up until the late 19th century, the perfect fourth was often called by its Greek name, diatessaron. A perfect fourth in just intonation corresponds to a pitch ratio of 4:3, or about 498 cents, while in equal temperament a perfect fourth is equal to five semitones, or 500 cents. The perfect fourth is a perfect interval like the unison, octave, and perfect fifth, and it is a sensory consonance. In common practice harmony, however, it is considered a stylistic dissonance in certain contexts, namely in two-voice textures and whenever it appears above the bass. If the bass note also happens to be the chord's root, the interval's upper note almost always temporarily displaces the third of any chord, and, in the terminology used in popular music, is then called a suspended fourth. Conventionally, adjacent strings of the double bass and of the bass guitar are a perfect fourth apart when unstopped, as are all pairs but one of adjacent guitar strings under standard guitar tuning. Sets of tom-tom drums are also commonly tuned in perfect fourths. The 4:3 just perfect fourth arises in the C major scale between G and C.

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Piano

The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.

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Piccolo trumpet

The smallest of the trumpet family is the piccolo trumpet, pitched one octave higher than the standard B trumpet.

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Pitch (music)

Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.

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Pitch space

In music theory, pitch spaces model relationships between pitches.

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Power chord

In guitar music, especially electric guitar, a power chord (also fifth chord) is a colloquial name for a chord that consists of the root note and the fifth.

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Punk rock

Punk rock (or "punk") is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia.

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Pythagorean tuning

Pythagorean tuning is a system of musical tuning in which the frequency ratios of all intervals are based on the ratio 3:2.

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Requiem (Mozart)

The Requiem in D minor, K. 626, is a requiem mass by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

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Rock music

Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.

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Root (chord)

In music theory, the concept of root is the idea that a chord can be represented and named by one of its notes.

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Sacred Harp

Sacred Harp singing is a tradition of sacred choral music that originated in New England and was later perpetuated and carried on in the American South of the United States.

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Semitone

A semitone, also called a half step or a half tone, is the smallest musical interval commonly used in Western tonal music, and it is considered the most dissonant when sounded harmonically.

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Seventh chord

A seventh chord is a chord consisting of a triad plus a note forming an interval of a seventh above the chord's root.

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Sikuri

Sikuri is a musical style from Peru and Bolivia, the kind of huayño, consisting of siku players and drum accompaniment.

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Symphony No. 9 (Bruckner)

Anton Bruckner's Symphony No.

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The Rite of Spring

The Rite of Spring (Le Sacre du printemps; sacred spring) is a ballet and orchestral concert work by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky.

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Tonic (music)

In music, the tonic is the first scale degree of a diatonic scale (the first note of a scale) and the tonal center or final resolution tone that is commonly used in the final cadence in tonal (musical key-based) classical music, popular music and traditional music.

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Triad (music)

In music, a triad is a set of three notes (or "pitches") that can be stacked vertically in thirds.

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Tritone

In music theory, the tritone is defined as a musical interval composed of three adjacent whole tones.

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Trumpet

A trumpet is a brass instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles.

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Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star

"Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star" is a popular English lullaby.

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Unison

In music, unison is two or more musical parts sounding the same pitch or at an octave interval, usually at the same time.

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Violin

The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.

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Western culture

Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.

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Wolf interval

In music theory, the wolf fifth (sometimes also called Procrustean fifth, or imperfect fifth) Paul, Oscar (1885).

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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.

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Bare fifth, Diapente, Just fifth, Just perfect fifth, Open fifth, Perfect 5th, Perfect Fifth, Perfect Fifths, Perfect fifths, Perfect twelfth, Perfect-fifth, Sesquialterate, Twelfth (interval), ΔΙΑΠΕΝΤΕ.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perfect_fifth

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