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Sex linkage

Index Sex linkage

Sex linkage is the phenotypic expression of an allele related to the allosome (sex chromosome) of the individual. [1]

56 relations: Aarskog–Scott syndrome, Abraxas grossulariata, Adrenoleukodystrophy, Allele, Alport syndrome, Autosome, Calico cat, Cat, Chromosome, Coffin–Lowry syndrome, Color blindness, Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome, Conway Zirkle, Diabetes insipidus, Drosophila melanogaster, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, E. B. Ford, Fabry disease, Fisher's principle, Fragile X syndrome, Gene, Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, Haemophilia, Hair loss, Heterogametic sex, Hunter syndrome, Hydrocephalus, Hypoparathyroidism, Incontinentia pigmenti, Leonard Doncaster, Mammal, Menkes disease, Mimicry, Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency, Phenotype, Polymorphism (biology), Reciprocal cross, Rett syndrome, Rickets, Sex chromosome, Sex linkage, Supergene, Testis-determining factor, Tortoiseshell cat, United States National Library of Medicine, Vitamin D, White (mutation), Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome, X chromosome, X-linked agammaglobulinemia, ..., X-linked dominant inheritance, X-linked hypophosphatemia, X-linked recessive inheritance, Y chromosome, ZW sex-determination system, Zygosity. Expand index (6 more) »

Aarskog–Scott syndrome

Aarskog–Scott syndrome is a rare disease inherited as X-linked and characterized by short stature, facial abnormalities, skeletal and genital anomalies.

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Abraxas grossulariata

Abraxas grossulariata is a moth of the family Geometridae, native to the Palaearctic ecozone and North America.

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Adrenoleukodystrophy is a disease linked to the X chromosome.

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An allele is a variant form of a given gene.

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Alport syndrome

Alport syndrome is a genetic disorder affecting around 1 in 50,000 children, characterized by glomerulonephritis, end-stage kidney disease, and hearing loss.

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An autosome is a chromosome that is not an allosome (a sex chromosome).

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Calico cat

Calico cats are domestic cats with a spotted or particolored coat that is predominantly white, with patches of two other colors (often orange and black).

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The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus) is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal.

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A chromosome (from Ancient Greek: χρωμόσωμα, chromosoma, chroma means colour, soma means body) is a DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material (genome) of an organism.

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Coffin–Lowry syndrome

Coffin–Lowry syndrome is a genetic disorder that is X-linked dominant and which causes severe mental problems sometimes associated with abnormalities of growth, cardiac abnormalities, kyphoscoliosis, as well as auditory and visual abnormalities.

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Color blindness

Color blindness, also known as color vision deficiency, is the decreased ability to see color or differences in color.

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Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome

Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) is a condition that results in the complete inability of the cell to respond to androgens.

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Conway Zirkle

Conway Zirkle (October 28, 1895 – March 28, 1972), was an American botanist and historian of science.

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Diabetes insipidus

Diabetes insipidus (DI) is a condition characterized by large amounts of dilute urine and increased thirst.

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Drosophila melanogaster

Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family Drosophilidae.

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Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe type of muscular dystrophy.

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E. B. Ford

Edmund Brisco "Henry" Ford (23 April 1901 – 2 January 1988) was a British ecological geneticist.

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Fabry disease

Fabry disease is a rare genetic disease.

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Fisher's principle

Fisher's principle is an evolutionary model that explains why the sex ratio of most species that produce offspring through sexual reproduction is approximately 1:1 between males and females.

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Fragile X syndrome

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic disorder.

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In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

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Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PDD) is an inborn error of metabolism that predisposes to red blood cell breakdown.

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Haemophilia, also spelled hemophilia, is a mostly inherited genetic disorder that impairs the body's ability to make blood clots, a process needed to stop bleeding.

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Hair loss

Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to a loss of hair from part of the head or body.

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Heterogametic sex

Heterogametic sex (digametic sex) refers to the sex of a species in which the sex chromosomes are not the same.

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Hunter syndrome

Hunter syndrome, or mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II), is a lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulfatase (I2S).

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Hydrocephalus is a condition in which there is an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the brain.

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Hypoparathyroidism is decreased function of the parathyroid glands with underproduction of parathyroid hormone.

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Incontinentia pigmenti

Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is a rare genetic disorder that affects the skin, hair, teeth, nails, and central nervous system.

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Leonard Doncaster

Leonard Doncaster (31 December 1877 – 28 May 1920) was an English geneticist and a lecturer on zoology at both Birmingham University and the University of Liverpool whose research work was largely based on insects.

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Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.

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Menkes disease

Menkes disease (MNK), also known as Menkes syndrome, is an X-linked recessive disorder caused by mutations in genes coding for the copper-transport protein ATP7A, leading to copper deficiency.

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In evolutionary biology, mimicry is a similarity of one organism, usually an animal, to another that has evolved because the resemblance is selectively favoured by the behaviour of a shared signal receiver that can respond to both.

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Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency

Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (AKA OTC deficiency) is the most common urea cycle disorder in humans.

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A phenotype is the composite of an organism's observable characteristics or traits, such as its morphology, development, biochemical or physiological properties, behavior, and products of behavior (such as a bird's nest).

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Polymorphism (biology)

Polymorphism in biology and zoology is the occurrence of two or more clearly different morphs or forms, also referred to as alternative phenotypes, in the population of a species.

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Reciprocal cross

In genetics, a reciprocal cross is a breeding experiment designed to test the role of parental sex on a given inheritance pattern.

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Rett syndrome

Rett syndrome (RTT) is a genetic brain disorder which typically becomes apparent after 6 to 18 months of age in females.

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Rickets is a condition that results in weak or soft bones in children.

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Sex chromosome

An allosome (also referred to as a sex chromosome, heterotypical chromosome, heterochromosome, or idiochromosome) is a chromosome that differs from an ordinary autosome in form, size, and behavior.

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Sex linkage

Sex linkage is the phenotypic expression of an allele related to the allosome (sex chromosome) of the individual.

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A supergene is a group of neighbouring genes on a chromosome which are inherited together because of close genetic linkage and are functionally related in an evolutionary sense, although they are rarely co-regulated genetically.

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Testis-determining factor

Testis-determining factor (TDF), also known as sex-determining region Y (SRY) protein, is a DNA-binding protein (also known as gene-regulatory protein/transcription factor) encoded by the SRY gene that is responsible for the initiation of male sex determination in humans.

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Tortoiseshell cat

Tortoiseshell is a cat coat coloring named for its similarity to tortoiseshell material.

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United States National Library of Medicine

The United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), operated by the United States federal government, is the world's largest medical library.

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Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate, and multiple other biological effects.

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White (mutation)

white, abbreviated w, was the first sex-linked mutation ever discovered, found in the fruit fly ''Drosophila melanogaster''.

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Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome

Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a rare X-linked recessive disease characterized by eczema, thrombocytopenia (low platelet count), immune deficiency, and bloody diarrhea (secondary to the thrombocytopenia).

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X chromosome

The X chromosome is one of the two sex-determining chromosomes (allosomes) in many organisms, including mammals (the other is the Y chromosome), and is found in both males and females.

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X-linked agammaglobulinemia

X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is a rare genetic disorder discovered in 1952 that affects the body's ability to fight infection.

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X-linked dominant inheritance

X-linked dominant inheritance, sometimes referred to as X-linked dominance, is a mode of genetic inheritance by which a dominant gene is carried on the X chromosome.

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X-linked hypophosphatemia

X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH), also called X-linked dominant hypophosphatemic rickets, X-linked vitamin d-resistant rickets, is an X-linked dominant form of rickets (or osteomalacia) that differs from most cases of rickets in that ingestion of vitamin D is relatively ineffective.

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X-linked recessive inheritance

X-linked recessive inheritance is a mode of inheritance in which a mutation in a gene on the X chromosome causes the phenotype to be expressed in males (who are necessarily hemizygous for the gene mutation because they have one X and one Y chromosome) and in females who are homozygous for the gene mutation, see zygosity.

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Y chromosome

The Y chromosome is one of two sex chromosomes (allosomes) in mammals, including humans, and many other animals.

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ZW sex-determination system

The ZW sex-determination system is a chromosomal system that determines the sex of offspring in birds, some fish and crustaceans such as the giant river prawn, some insects (including butterflies and moths), and some reptiles, including Komodo dragons.

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Zygosity is the degree of similarity of the alleles for a trait in an organism.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sex_linkage

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