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X chromosome

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The X chromosome is one of the two sex-determining chromosomes (allosomes) in many organisms, including mammals (the other is the Y chromosome), and is found in both males and females. [1]

165 relations: Adrenoleukodystrophy, Amygdala, Apolipoprotein O, Arbitrary unit, ARMCX6, Barr body, Base pair, BEX4, Cancer/testis antigen family 45, member a5, CCDC22, CD99L2, Centromere, Charge-coupled device, Chordin-like 1, Chromosome, Clarence Erwin McClung, CMTX2, CMTX3, Coiled-coil domain containing protein 120, Color blindness, Confocal microscopy, Consensus CDS Project, CXorf36, CXorf40A, CXorf49, CXorf66, CXorf67, DACH2, DAPI, DNA, DNA annotation, Drosophila melanogaster, EFHC2, Egg cell, Embryo, Ensembl genome database project, Enzyme, ERCC excision repair 6 like, spindle assembly checkpoint helicase, Euchromatin, F8A1, FAM120C, FAM122B, FAM122C, FAM127A, FAM50A, FATE1, Fibonacci number, FMR1-AS1 gene, Founder effect, FRMPD3, ..., FUNDC1, FUNDC2, G banding, G protein nucleolar 3 like, GATA1, GC-content, Gene, Gene prediction, Genetic disorder, GPRASP2, GRIPAP1, Haemophilia, HDHD1A, Hermann Henking, HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee, Human genome, Intellectual disability, Intelligence quotient, Karyotype, Klinefelter syndrome, LAS1L, Lisch epithelial corneal dystrophy, List of X-STR markers, Locus (genetics), Locust, Long non-coding RNA, MAGEA2, MAGEA5, MAGED4B, MBNL3, Megalocornea, Meiosis, Melanoma antigen family a, 8, MicroRNA, MIR222, MIR361, MIR660, Mitosis, Monosomy, MORF4L2, Motile sperm domain containing 1, Motile sperm domain containing 2, Mutation, Myelin, National Center for Biotechnology Information, Nature (journal), NKRF (gene), Non-coding RNA, NRK (gene), Otu deubiquitinase 5, PASD1, PBDC1, PCYT1B, PIN4, PLAC1, PLP2, Protein, Protein BEX1, Protein BEX2, Pseudoautosomal region, Pseudogene, Pyrrhocoris apterus, Reference genome, RP11-217H1.1, RPA4, RPS6KA6, RRAGB, SEDLP, Sex chromosome, Sex linkage, Sex-determination system, SFRS17A, SLITRK2, SMARCA1, SMS (gene), Spermatozoon, SSR4, Staining, TAF7l, TCEAL1, TCEAL4, Tenomodulin, Testicle, Testis-determining factor, Testosterone, Tetrasomy X, THOC2, Thomas Hunt Morgan, TMEM29, TMEM47, TMLHE, TREX2, Triple X syndrome, TRO (gene), TSPYL2, Turner syndrome, UCSC Genome Browser, UniProt, USP51, X-inactivation, X-linked endothelial corneal dystrophy, X0 sex-determination system, Xq28, XX male syndrome, XY sex-determination system, Y chromosome, YIPF6, ZC3H12B, ZFP92, Zinc finger protein 157, Zinc finger protein 275, Zinc finger protein 674, ZMYM3, ZNF182, 49,XXXXX. Expand index (115 more) »

Adrenoleukodystrophy

Adrenoleukodystrophy is a disease linked to the X chromosome.

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Amygdala

The amygdala (plural: amygdalae; also corpus amygdaloideum; Latin from Greek, ἀμυγδαλή, amygdalē, 'Almond', 'tonsil') is one of two almond-shaped groups of nuclei located deep and medially within the temporal lobes of the brain in complex vertebrates, including humans.

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Apolipoprotein O

Apolipoprotein O also known as protein FAM121B is a protein that in humans is encoded by the APOO gene.

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Arbitrary unit

In science and technology, an arbitrary unit (abbreviated arb. unit, see below) or procedure defined unit (p.d.u.) is a relative unit of measurement to show the ratio of amount of substance, intensity, or other quantities, to a predetermined reference measurement.

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ARMCX6

Armadillo repeat containing X-linked 6 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ARMCX6 gene located on the X-chromosome.

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Barr body

A Barr body (named after discoverer Murray Barr) is the inactive X chromosome in a female somatic cell, rendered inactive in a process called lyonization, in those species in which sex is determined by the presence of the Y (including humans) or W chromosome rather than the diploidy of the X. The Lyon hypothesis states that in cells with multiple X chromosomes, all but one are inactivated during mammalian embryogenesis.

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Base pair

A base pair (bp) is a unit consisting of two nucleobases bound to each other by hydrogen bonds.

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BEX4

Brain expressed, X-linked 4 is a protein in humans that is encoded by the BEX4 gene.

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Cancer/testis antigen family 45, member a5

Cancer/testis antigen family 45, member A5 is a protein in humans that is encoded by the CT45A5 gene.

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CCDC22

Coiled-coil domain containing 22 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCDC22 gene.

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CD99L2

CD99 antigen-like protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CD99L2 gene.

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Centromere

The centromere is the specialized DNA sequence of a chromosome that links a pair of sister chromatids (a dyad).

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Charge-coupled device

A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.

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Chordin-like 1

Chordin-like 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CHRDL1 gene.

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Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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Chromosome

A chromosome (from Ancient Greek: χρωμόσωμα, chromosoma, chroma means colour, soma means body) is a DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material (genome) of an organism.

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Clarence Erwin McClung

Clarence Erwin McClung (April 5, 1870 – January 17, 1946) was an American biologist who discovered the role of chromosomes in sex determination.

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CMTX2

Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy, X-linked 2 (recessive) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CMTX2 gene.

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CMTX3

Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy, X-linked 3 (dominant) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CMTX3 gene.

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Coiled-coil domain containing protein 120

Coiled coil domain containing protein 120 (CCDC120), also known as JM11 protein, is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the CCDC120 gene.

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Color blindness

Color blindness, also known as color vision deficiency, is the decreased ability to see color or differences in color.

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Confocal microscopy

Confocal microscopy, most frequently confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) or laser confocal scanning microscopy (LCSM), is an optical imaging technique for increasing optical resolution and contrast of a micrograph by means of using a spatial pinhole to block out-of-focus light in image formation.

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Consensus CDS Project

The Consensus Coding Sequence (CCDS) Project is a collaborative effort to maintain a dataset of protein-coding regions that are identically annotated on the human and mouse reference genome assemblies.

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CXorf36

Chromosome X open reading frame 36 (CXorf36) is a gene that in humans encodes a protein “hypothetical protein LOC79742”.

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CXorf40A

Protein CXorf40A is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CXorf40A gene.

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CXorf49

CXorf49 is a protein, which in humans is encoded by the gene chromosome X open reading frame 49(CXorf49).

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CXorf66

CXorf66 also known as Chromosome X Open Reading Frame 66, is a 361aa protein in humans that is encoded by the CXorf66 gene.

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CXorf67

Uncharacterized protein CXorf67 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CXorf67 gene.

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DACH2

Dachshund homolog 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DACH2 gene.

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DAPI

DAPI, or 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole, is a fluorescent stain that binds strongly to adenine–thymine rich regions in DNA.

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DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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DNA annotation

DNA annotation or genome annotation is the process of identifying the locations of genes and all of the coding regions in a genome and determining what those genes do.

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Drosophila melanogaster

Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family Drosophilidae.

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EFHC2

EF-hand domain (C-terminal) containing 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the EFHC2 gene.

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Egg cell

The egg cell, or ovum (plural ova), is the female reproductive cell (gamete) in oogamous organisms.

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Embryo

An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism.

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Ensembl genome database project

Ensembl genome database project is a joint scientific project between the European Bioinformatics Institute and the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, which was launched in 1999 in response to the imminent completion of the Human Genome Project.

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Enzyme

Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

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ERCC excision repair 6 like, spindle assembly checkpoint helicase

ERCC excision repair 6 like, spindle assembly checkpoint helicase is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ERCC6L gene.

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Euchromatin

Euchromatin is a lightly packed form of chromatin (DNA, RNA, and protein) that is enriched in genes, and is often (but not always) under active transcription.

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F8A1

Factor VIII intron 22 protein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the F8A1 gene.

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FAM120C

Family with sequence similarity 120C is a protein in humans that is encoded by the FAM120C gene.

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FAM122B

Protein FAM122B is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FAM122B gene.

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FAM122C

Family with sequence similarity 122C is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FAM122C gene.

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FAM127A

CAAX box protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FAM127A gene.

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FAM50A

Protein FAM50A is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FAM50A gene.

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FATE1

Fetal and adult testis-expressed transcript protein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FATE1 gene.

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Fibonacci number

In mathematics, the Fibonacci numbers are the numbers in the following integer sequence, called the Fibonacci sequence, and characterized by the fact that every number after the first two is the sum of the two preceding ones: Often, especially in modern usage, the sequence is extended by one more initial term: By definition, the first two numbers in the Fibonacci sequence are either 1 and 1, or 0 and 1, depending on the chosen starting point of the sequence, and each subsequent number is the sum of the previous two.

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FMR1-AS1 gene

In molecular biology, FMR1 antisense RNA 1 (FMR1-AS1), also known as ASFMR1 or FMR4, is a long non-coding RNA.

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Founder effect

In population genetics, the founder effect is the loss of genetic variation that occurs when a new population is established by a very small number of individuals from a larger population.

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FRMPD3

FERM and PDZ domain containing 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FRMPD3 gene.

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FUNDC1

FUN14 domain containing 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FUNDC1 gene.

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FUNDC2

FUN14 domain-containing protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FUNDC2 gene.

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G banding

G-banding, G banding, or Giemsa banding is a technique used in cytogenetics to produce a visible karyotype by staining condensed chromosomes.

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G protein nucleolar 3 like

G protein nucleolar 3 like is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GNL3L gene.

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GATA1

GATA-binding factor 1 or GATA-1 (also termed Erythroid transcription factor) is the founding member of the GATA family of transcription factors.

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GC-content

In molecular biology and genetics, GC-content (or guanine-cytosine content) is the percentage of nitrogenous bases on a DNA or RNA molecule that are either guanine or cytosine (from a possibility of four different ones, also including adenine and thymine in DNA and adenine and uracil in RNA).

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Gene

In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

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Gene prediction

In computational biology, gene prediction or gene finding refers to the process of identifying the regions of genomic DNA that encode genes.

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Genetic disorder

A genetic disorder is a genetic problem caused by one or more abnormalities in the genome.

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GPRASP2

G-protein coupled receptor-associated sorting protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GPRASP2 gene.

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GRIPAP1

GRIP1-associated protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRIPAP1 gene.

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Haemophilia

Haemophilia, also spelled hemophilia, is a mostly inherited genetic disorder that impairs the body's ability to make blood clots, a process needed to stop bleeding.

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HDHD1A

Haloacid dehalogenase-like hydrolase domain-containing protein 1A is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the HDHD1A gene.

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Hermann Henking

Hermann Paul August Otto Henking (16 June 1858 – 28 April 1942) was a cytologist who discovered the X chromosome in 1890 or 1891.

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HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee

The HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee (HGNC) is a committee of the Human Genome Organisation (HUGO) that sets the standards for human gene nomenclature.

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Human genome

The human genome is the complete set of nucleic acid sequences for humans, encoded as DNA within the 23 chromosome pairs in cell nuclei and in a small DNA molecule found within individual mitochondria.

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Intellectual disability

Intellectual disability (ID), also known as general learning disability, and mental retardation (MR), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning.

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Intelligence quotient

An intelligence quotient (IQ) is a total score derived from several standardized tests designed to assess human intelligence.

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Karyotype

A karyotype is the number and appearance of chromosomes in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell.

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Klinefelter syndrome

Klinefelter syndrome (KS) also known as 47,XXY or XXY, is the set of symptoms that result from two or more X chromosomes in males.

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LAS1L

LAS1-like protein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LAS1L gene.

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Lisch epithelial corneal dystrophy

Lisch epithelial corneal dystrophy (LECD), also known as band-shaped and whorled microcystic dystrophy of the corneal epithelium, is a rare form of corneal dystrophy first described in 1992 by Lisch et al.

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List of X-STR markers

The following X-STR markers are used in genealogical DNA testing and other forms of relationship testing.

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Locus (genetics)

A locus (plural loci) in genetics is a fixed position on a chromosome, like the position of a gene or a marker (genetic marker).

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Locust

Locusts are certain species of short-horned grasshoppers in the family Acrididae that have a swarming phase.

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Long non-coding RNA

Long non-coding RNAs (long ncRNAs, lncRNA) are defined as transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides that are not translated into protein.

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MAGEA2

Melanoma-associated antigen 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MAGEA2 gene.

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MAGEA5

Melanoma antigen family A, 5 is a protein in humans that is encoded by the MAGEA5 gene.

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MAGED4B

Melanoma-associated antigen D4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MAGED4B gene.

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MBNL3

Muscleblind-like protein 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MBNL3 gene.

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Megalocornea

Megalocornea (MGCN, MGCN1) is an extremely rare nonprogressive condition in which the cornea has an enlarged diameter, reaching and exceeding 13 mm.

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Meiosis

Meiosis (from Greek μείωσις, meiosis, which means lessening) is a specialized type of cell division that reduces the chromosome number by half, creating four haploid cells, each genetically distinct from the parent cell that gave rise to them.

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Melanoma antigen family a, 8

Melanoma antigen family A, 8 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MAGEA8 gene.

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MicroRNA

A microRNA (abbreviated miRNA) is a small non-coding RNA molecule (containing about 22 nucleotides) found in plants, animals and some viruses, that functions in RNA silencing and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression.

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MIR222

MicroRNA 222 is a MicroRNA that in humans is encoded by the MIR222 gene, and is a know extracellular RNA (exRNA).

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MIR361

MicroRNA 361 is a micro RNA that in humans is encoded by the MIR361 gene.

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MIR660

MicroRNA 660 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MIR660 gene.

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Mitosis

In cell biology, mitosis is a part of the cell cycle when replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei.

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Monosomy

Monosomy is a form of aneuploidy with the presence of only one chromosome from a pair.

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MORF4L2

Mortality factor 4-like protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MORF4L2 gene.

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Motile sperm domain containing 1

Motile sperm domain containing 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MOSPD1 gene.

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Motile sperm domain containing 2

Motile sperm domain containing 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MOSPD2 gene.

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Mutation

In biology, a mutation is the permanent alteration of the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements.

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Myelin

Myelin is a lipid-rich substance that surrounds the axon of some nerve cells, forming an electrically insulating layer.

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National Center for Biotechnology Information

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) is part of the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), a branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

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Nature (journal)

Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

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NKRF (gene)

NF-kappa-B-repressing factor is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NKRF gene.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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Non-coding RNA

A non-coding RNA (ncRNA) is an RNA molecule that is not translated into a protein.

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NRK (gene)

Nik-related protein kinase is an enzyme that, in humans, is encoded by the NRK gene.

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Otu deubiquitinase 5

OTU deubiquitinase 5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the OTUD5 gene.

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PASD1

PAS domain-containing protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PASD1 gene.

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PBDC1

CXorf26 (Chromosome X Open Reading Frame 26), also known as MGC874, is a well conserved human gene found on the plus strand of the short arm of the X chromosome.

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PCYT1B

Choline-phosphate cytidylyltransferase B is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PCYT1B gene.

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PIN4

Peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase NIMA-interacting 4 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PIN4 gene.

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PLAC1

Placenta-specific protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PLAC1 gene.

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PLP2

Proteolipid protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PLP2 gene.

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Protein

Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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Protein BEX1

Protein BEX1 also known as brain-expressed X-linked protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BEX1 gene.

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Protein BEX2

Protein BEX2 also known as brain-expressed X-linked protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BEX2 gene.

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Pseudoautosomal region

The pseudoautosomal regions, PAR1, PAR2, are homologous sequences of nucleotides on the X and Y chromosomes.

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Pseudogene

Pseudogenes are segments of DNA that are related to real genes.

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Pyrrhocoris apterus

The firebug, Pyrrhocoris apterus, is a common insect of the family Pyrrhocoridae.

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Reference genome

A reference genome (also known as a reference assembly) is a digital nucleic acid sequence database, assembled by scientists as a representative example of a species' set of genes.

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RP11-217H1.1

Magnesium transporter protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MAGT1 gene.

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RPA4

Replication protein A 30 kDa subunit is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RPA4 gene.

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RPS6KA6

Ribosomal protein S6 kinase, 90kDa, polypeptide 6 is a protein in humans that is encoded by the RPS6KA6 gene.

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RRAGB

Ras-related GTP-binding protein B is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RRAGB gene.

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SEDLP

Trafficking protein particle complex subunit 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TRAPPC2P1 gene.

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Sex chromosome

An allosome (also referred to as a sex chromosome, heterotypical chromosome, heterochromosome, or idiochromosome) is a chromosome that differs from an ordinary autosome in form, size, and behavior.

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Sex linkage

Sex linkage is the phenotypic expression of an allele related to the allosome (sex chromosome) of the individual.

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Sex-determination system

A sex-determination system is a biological system that determines the development of sexual characteristics in an organism.

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SFRS17A

Splicing factor, arginine/serine-rich 17A is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SFRS17A gene.

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SLITRK2

SLIT and NTRK-like protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLITRK2 gene.

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SMARCA1

Probable global transcription activator SNF2L1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SMARCA1 gene.

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SMS (gene)

Spermine synthase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the SMS gene.

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Spermatozoon

A spermatozoon (pronounced, alternate spelling spermatozoön; plural spermatozoa; from σπέρμα "seed" and ζῷον "living being") is a motile sperm cell, or moving form of the haploid cell that is the male gamete.

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SSR4

Translocon-associated protein subunit delta is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SSR4 gene.

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Staining

Staining is an auxiliary technique used in microscopy to enhance contrast in the microscopic image.

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TAF7l

TATA-box binding protein associated factor 7-like also known as CT40 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TAF7l gene.

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TCEAL1

Transcription elongation factor A protein-like 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TCEAL1 gene.

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TCEAL4

Transcription elongation factor A protein-like 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TCEAL4 gene.

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Tenomodulin

Tenomodulin (also referred to as tendin, myodulin, Tnmd and TeM) is a protein encoded by the TNMD (Tnmd) gene and was discovered independently by Brandau and Shukunami in 2001 as a gene sharing high similarity with the already known chondromodulin-1 (Chm1).

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Testicle

The testicle or testis is the male reproductive gland in all animals, including humans.

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Testis-determining factor

Testis-determining factor (TDF), also known as sex-determining region Y (SRY) protein, is a DNA-binding protein (also known as gene-regulatory protein/transcription factor) encoded by the SRY gene that is responsible for the initiation of male sex determination in humans.

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Testosterone

Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid.

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Tetrasomy X

Tetrasomy X (also called XXXX syndrome, quadruple X, or 48,XXXX) is an extremely rare chromosomal disorder caused by the presence of four X chromosomes instead of two X chromosomes.

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THOC2

THO complex subunit 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the THOC2 gene.

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Thomas Hunt Morgan

Thomas Hunt Morgan (September 25, 1866 – December 4, 1945) was an American evolutionary biologist, geneticist, embryologist, and science author who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1933 for discoveries elucidating the role that the chromosome plays in heredity.

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TMEM29

Protein FAM156A is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FAM156A gene.

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TMEM47

Transmembrane protein 47 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TMEM47 gene.

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TMLHE

Trimethyllysine dioxygenase, mitochondrial is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the TMLHE gene in chromosome X.

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TREX2

Three prime repair exonuclease 2 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the TREX2 gene.

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Triple X syndrome

Triple X syndrome, also known as trisomy X and 47,XXX, is characterized by the presence of an extra X chromosome in each cell of a female.

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TRO (gene)

Trophinin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TRO gene.

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TSPYL2

Testis-specific Y-encoded-like protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TSPYL2 gene.

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Turner syndrome

Turner syndrome (TS), also known as 45,X or 45,X0, is a condition in which a female is partly or completely missing an X chromosome.

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UCSC Genome Browser

The UCSC Genome Browser is an on-line, and downloadable, genome browser hosted by the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC).

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UniProt

UniProt is a freely accessible database of protein sequence and functional information, many entries being derived from genome sequencing projects.

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USP51

Ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 51 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the USP51 gene.

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X-inactivation

X-inactivation (also called lyonization) is a process by which one of the copies of the X chromosome present in female mammals is inactivated.

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X-linked endothelial corneal dystrophy

X-linked endothelial corneal dystrophy (XECD) is a rare form of corneal dystrophy described first in 2006, based on a 4-generation family of 60 members with 9 affected males and 35 trait carriers, which led to mapping the XECD locus to Xq25.

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X0 sex-determination system

The X0 sex-determination system is a system that determines the sex of offspring among.

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Xq28

Xq28 is a chromosome band and genetic marker situated at the tip of the X chromosome which has been studied since at least 1980.

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XX male syndrome

XX male syndrome is a rare congenital condition where an individual with a female genotype has phenotypically male characteristics that can vary between cases.

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XY sex-determination system

The XY sex-determination system is the sex-determination system found in humans, most other mammals, some insects (Drosophila), some snakes, and some plants (Ginkgo).

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Y chromosome

The Y chromosome is one of two sex chromosomes (allosomes) in mammals, including humans, and many other animals.

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YIPF6

Protein YIPF6 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the YIPF6 gene.

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ZC3H12B

ZC3H12B, also known as CXorf32 or MCPIP2, is a protein encoded by gene ZC3H12B located on chromosome Xq12 in humans.

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ZFP92

ZFP92 zinc finger protein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ZFP92 gene.

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Zinc finger protein 157

Zinc finger protein 157 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ZNF157 gene.

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Zinc finger protein 275

Zinc finger protein 275 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ZNF275 gene.

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Zinc finger protein 674

Zinc finger protein 674 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ZNF674 gene.

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ZMYM3

Zinc finger MYM-type protein 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ZMYM3 gene.

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ZNF182

Zinc finger protein 182 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ZNF182 gene.

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2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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49,XXXXX

49,XXXXX, also known as pentasomy X, is a chromosome abnormality where a female has five X chromosomes rather than the normal two.

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Redirects here:

Chromosome X, Chromosome X (human), Chromosomes, human, x, Human X chromosome, Human chromosome X, X Chromosome, X chromosome (human), X chromosomes, X-chromosome.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X_chromosome

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