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2 Esdras (also called 4 Esdras, Latin Esdras, or Latin Ezra) is the name of an apocalyptic book in many English versions of the BibleIncluding the KJB, RSV, NRSV, NEB, REB, and GNB (see Naming conventions below). [1]

74 relations: Ambrose, Apocalypse, Apocrypha, Arabic, Archangel, Armenian language, Augsburg Fortress, Babylon, Babylonian captivity, Bible, Bible translations into English, Bible translations into Slavic languages, Biblical apocrypha, Biblical canon, Book of Daniel, Book of Ezra, Book of Nehemiah, Born again (Christianity), Catholic Encyclopedia, Catholicism, Church Fathers, Codex Sangermanensis I, Domitian, Douay–Rheims Bible, Eagle, Eastern Orthodox Church, Elizabeth Bible, Eschatology, Esdras, Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, Ezra, Ge'ez language, Georgian language, Georgian Orthodox Church, God, Good News Bible, Greek Apocalypse of Ezra, Greek language, Jerome, Jews, Job (biblical figure), King James Version, Last Judgment, Latin, Lion, Messiah, New English Bible, New Revised Standard Version, New Testament, Non-canonical books referenced in the Bible, ..., Ostrog Bible, Pope Clement VIII, Predestination, Protestantism, Requiem, Revised English Bible, Revised Standard Version, Robert Lubbock Bensly, Roman Empire, Russian Synodal Bible, Second Temple, Septuagint, Son of God, Syriac language, Tanakh, Thirty-Nine Articles, Titus, Torah, Uriel, Vespasian, Vision of Ezra, Vulgate, 1 Esdras, 2 Baruch. Expand index (24 more) »


Aurelius Ambrosius, better known in English as Saint Ambrose (c. 3404 April 397), was a bishop of Milan who became one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the 4th century.

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An apocalypse (Ancient Greek: ἀποκάλυψις apokálypsis, from ἀπό and καλύπτω meaning "uncovering"), translated literally from Greek, is a disclosure of knowledge, i.e., a lifting of the veil or revelation.

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Apocrypha are works, usually written works, that are of unknown authorship, or of doubtful authenticity, or spurious, or not considered to be within a particular canon.

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Arabic (العَرَبِية, or عربي,عربى) is the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century and its modern descendants excluding Maltese.

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An archangel is an angel of high rank.

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Armenian language

The Armenian language (reformed: հայերեն) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenians.

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Augsburg Fortress

Augsburg Fortress is the official publishing house of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) and also publishes for the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada (ELCIC) as Augsburg Fortress Canada.

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Babylon (Bābili or Babilim; بابل, Bābil) was a significant city in ancient Mesopotamia, in the fertile plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

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Babylonian captivity

The Babylonian captivity or Babylonian exile is the period in Jewish history during which a number of Judahites of the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia.

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The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of texts sacred in Judaism and Christianity.

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Bible translations into English

Partial translations of the Bible into languages of the English people can be traced back to the end of the 7th century, including translations into Old English and Middle English.

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Bible translations into Slavic languages

The history of all Bible translations into Slavic languages begins with Bible translations into Church Slavonic.

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Biblical apocrypha

The Biblical apocrypha (from the Greek ἀπόκρυφος, apókruphos, meaning "hidden") denotes the collection of ancient books found, in some editions of the Bible, in a separate section between the Old and New Testaments or as an appendix after the New Testament.

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Biblical canon

A biblical canon, or canon of scripture, is a list of books considered to be authoritative scripture by a particular religious community.

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Book of Daniel

The Book of Daniel is an "account of the activities and visions of Daniel, a noble Jew exiled at Babylon." In the Hebrew Bible it is found in the Ketuvim (writings), while in Christian Bibles it is grouped with the Major Prophets.

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Book of Ezra

The Book of Ezra is a book of the Hebrew Bible.

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Book of Nehemiah

The Book of Nehemiah is, along with the Book of Ezra, a book of the Hebrew Bible.

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Born again (Christianity)

In some Christian movements (especially Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism), to be born again is to undergo a "spiritual rebirth" (regeneration) of the human spirit from the Holy Spirit, contrasted with the physical birth everyone experiences.

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Catholic Encyclopedia

The Catholic Encyclopedia: An International Work of Reference on the Constitution, Doctrine, Discipline, and History of the Catholic Church, also referred to as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia and the Original Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published in the United States.

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Catholicism (from Greek καθολικισμός, katholikismos, "universal doctrine") and its adjectival form Catholic are used as broad terms for describing specific traditions in the Christian churches in theology, doctrine, liturgy, ethics, and spirituality.

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Church Fathers

The Church Fathers, Early Church Fathers, Christian Fathers, or Fathers of the Church are ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, some of whom were eminent teachers and great bishops.

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Codex Sangermanensis I

The Codex Sangermanensis I, designated by g1 or 7 (in Beuron system), is a Latin manuscript, dated AD 822 of portions of the Old Testament and the New Testament.

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Domitian (Titus Flavius Caesar Domitianus Augustus; 24 October 51 – 18 September 96) was Roman emperor from 81 to 96.

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Douay–Rheims Bible

The Douay–Rheims Bible (pronounced or) (also known as the Rheims–Douai Bible or Douai Bible, and abbreviated as D–R and DV) is a translation of the Bible from the Latin Vulgate into English made by members of the English College, Douai, in the service of the Catholic Church.

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Eagle is a common name for many large birds of prey of the family Accipitridae; it belongs to several groups of genera that are not necessarily closely related to each other.

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Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, also referred to as the Orthodox Church, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Orthodoxy, is the second largest Christian Church in the world, with an estimated 225–300 million adherents.

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Elizabeth Bible

The Elizabeth Bible (Елизаветинская Библия) is the authorized version of the Russian Orthodox Church.

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Eschatology is a part of theology concerned with the final events of history, or the ultimate destiny of humanity.

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Esdras (Ἔσδρας) is a Greco-Latin variation of the name of the scribe Ezra.

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Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church

The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (የኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋሕዶ ቤተ ክርስቲያን; transliterated Amharic: Yäityop'ya ortodoks täwahedo bétäkrestyan) is the predominant Oriental Orthodox Christian Church in Ethiopia.

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Ezra (עזרא,; fl. 480–440 BC), also called Ezra the Scribe (עזרא הסופר) and Ezra the Priest in the Book of Ezra, was a Jewish scribe and a priest.

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Ge'ez language

Geʻez (ግዕዝ,; also transliterated Giʻiz, also referred to by some as "Ethiopic") is an ancient South Semitic language that originated in the northern region of Ethiopia and Eritrea in the Horn of Africa.

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Georgian language

Georgian (ქართული ენა tr. kartuli ena) is a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians.

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Georgian Orthodox Church

The Georgian Apostolic Autocephalous Orthodox Church (საქართველოს სამოციქულო ავტოკეფალური მართლმადიდებელი ეკლესია, sak’art’velos samots’ik’ulo avt’okep’aluri mart’lmadidebeli eklesia) is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church.

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In monotheism and henotheism, God is conceived as the Supreme Being and principal object of faith.

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Good News Bible

The Good News Bible (GNB), also called the Good News Translation (GNT) in the United States, is an English translation of the Bible by the American Bible Society.

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Greek Apocalypse of Ezra

The Greek Apocalypse of Ezra, also known as The Word and Revelation of Esdras, is a pseudepigraphal work written in the name of the biblical scribe Ezra.

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Greek language

Greek or Hellenic (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to the southern Balkans, the Aegean Islands, western Asia Minor, parts of northern and Eastern Anatolia and the South Caucasus, southern Italy, Albania and Cyprus.

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Saint Jerome (Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus; Εὐσέβιος Σωφρόνιος Ἱερώνυμος; c.  347 – 30 September 420) was a Catholic priest, confessor, theologian and historian, who also became a Doctor of the Church.

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The Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation), also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious and ethno-cultural group descended from the Israelites of the Ancient Near East and originating from the historical kingdoms of Israel and Judah.

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Job (biblical figure)

Job is the central character of the Book of Job in the Bible.

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King James Version

The King James Version (KJV), also known as the Authorized Version (AV) or King James Bible (KJB), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.

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Last Judgment

The Last Judgment, Final Judgment, Day of Judgment, Judgment Day, or The Day of the Lord or in Arabic Yawm al-Qiyāmah or Yawm ad-Din is part of the eschatological world view of the Abrahamic religions and in the Frashokereti of Zoroastrianism.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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The lion (Panthera leo) is one of the five big cats in the genus Panthera and a member of the family Felidae.

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A messiah (literally, "anointed one")http://etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame.

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New English Bible

The New English Bible (NEB) is a translation of the Bible into modern English directly from the original Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic texts (and from Latin for 2 Esdras in the Apocrypha).

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New Revised Standard Version

The New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) of the Christian Bible is an English translation released in 1989.

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New Testament

The New Testament (Koine Greek: Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē) is the second major part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, which is based on the Hebrew Bible.

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Non-canonical books referenced in the Bible

The non-canonical books in this article include Biblical apocrypha and Deuterocanonical books (which are accepted as part of the Biblical canon by most non-Protestant Christians), pseudepigrapha, writings from Hellenistic and other non-Biblical cultures, and lost works of known or unknown status.

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Ostrog Bible

The Ostrog Bible (Острозька Біблія; Острожская Библия) was one of the earliest East Slavic translations of the Bible and the first complete printed edition of the Bible in Old Church Slavonic, published in Ostroh, in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (modern territory of Ukraine), by the printer Ivan Fyodorov in 1581 with the assistance of the Ruthenian Prince Konstantin Ostrogski.

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Pope Clement VIII

Pope Clement VIII (Clemens VIII; 24 February 1536 – 3 March 1605), born Ippolito Aldobrandini, was Pope from 2 February 1592 to his death in 1605.

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Predestination, in theology, is the doctrine that all events have been willed by God, usually with reference to the eventual fate of the individual soul.

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Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice which originated with the Protestant Reformation, a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church.

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A Requiem or Requiem Mass, also known as Mass for the dead (Latin: Missa pro defunctis) or Mass of the dead (Latin: Missa defunctorum), is a Mass in the Catholic Church offered for the repose of the soul or souls of one or more deceased persons, using a particular form of the Roman Missal.

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Revised English Bible

The Revised English Bible (REB) is a 1989 English language translation of the Bible and updates the New English Bible, of 1970.

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Revised Standard Version

The Revised Standard Version (RSV) is an English-language translation of the Bible published in several parts during the mid-20th century.

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Robert Lubbock Bensly

Robert Lubbock Bensly (born Eaton, Norwich, England, August 24, 1831; died at Cambridge, April 23, 1893) was an English orientalist.

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Russian Synodal Bible

The Russian Synodal Bible (Синодальный перевод, The Synodal Translation) is a Russian non-Church Slavonic translation of the Bible commonly used by the Russian Orthodox Church, Russian Baptists and other Protestant, as well as Roman Catholic communities in Russia.

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Second Temple

The Second Temple was an important Jewish Holy Temple (בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי, Bet HaMikdash HaSheni; بيت القدس: Beit al-Quds) which stood on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem during the Second Temple period, between 516 BCE and 70 CE.

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The Septuagint (from the Latin septuaginta, "seventy") is a translation of the Hebrew Bible and some related texts into Koine Greek.

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Son of God

Historically, many rulers have assumed titles such as son of god, son of a god or son of Heaven.

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Syriac language

Syriac (ܠܫܢܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ), also known as Syriac Aramaic, is a dialect of Middle Aramaic that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent and Eastern Arabia.

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The Tanakh (תַּנַ"ךְ, or; also Tenakh, Tenak, Tanach) or Mikra is the canon of the Hebrew Bible.

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Thirty-Nine Articles

The Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion are the historically defining statements of doctrines of the Church of England with respect to the controversies of the English Reformation.

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Titus (Titus Flāvius Caesar Vespasiānus Augustus; 30 December 39 – 13 September 81) was Roman Emperor from 79 to 81.

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Torah (תּוֹרָה, "Instruction, Teaching"), or the Pentateuch, is the central reference of the religious Judaic tradition.

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Uriel (אוּרִיאֵל "El/God is my light", Auriel/Oriel (God is my light) Standard Hebrew) is one of the archangels of post-Exilic Rabbinic tradition, and also of certain Christian traditions.

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Vespasian (Titus Flāvius Caesar Vespasiānus Augustus;Classical Latin spelling and reconstructed Classical Latin pronunciation: While Vespasian besieged Jerusalem during the Jewish rebellion, emperor Nero committed suicide and plunged Rome into a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors. After Galba and Otho perished in quick succession, Vitellius became the third emperor in April 69. The Roman legions of Roman Egypt and Judaea reacted by declaring Vespasian, their commander, emperor on 1 July 69. In his bid for imperial power, Vespasian joined forces with Mucianus, the governor of Syria, and Primus, a general in Pannonia, leaving his son Titus to command the besieging forces at Jerusalem. Primus and Mucianus led the Flavian forces against Vitellius, while Vespasian took control of Egypt. On 20 December 69, Vitellius was defeated, and the following day Vespasian was declared Emperor by the Roman Senate. Vespasian dated his tribunician years from 1 July, substituting the acts of Rome's senate and people as the legal basis for his appointment with the declaration of his legions, and transforming his legions into an electoral college. Little information survives about the government during Vespasian's ten-year rule. He reformed the financial system at Rome after the campaign against Judaea ended successfully, and initiated several ambitious construction projects. He built the Flavian Amphitheatre, better known today as the Roman Colosseum. In reaction to the events of 68–69, Vespasian forced through an improvement in army discipline. Through his general Agricola, Vespasian increased imperial expansion in Britain. After his death in 79, he was succeeded by his eldest son Titus, thus becoming the first Roman Emperor to be directly succeeded by his own natural sonJulius Caesar was succeeded by his adopted son Augustus, but Caesar was not styled an emperor, nor was he Augustus's biological father. and establishing the Flavian dynasty.

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Vision of Ezra

The Vision of Ezra is an ancient apocryphal text, claiming to have been written by the biblical Ezra.

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The Vulgate is a late fourth-century Latin translation of the Bible that became, during the 16th century, the Catholic Church's officially promulgated Latin version of the Bible.

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1 Esdras

1 Esdras (Ἔσδρας Αʹ), also Greek Esdras or Greek Ezra, is an ancient Greek version of the biblical Book of Ezra in use among ancient Jewry, the early church, and many modern Christians with varying degrees of canonicity.

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2 Baruch

2 Baruch is a Jewish pseudepigraphical text thought to have been written in the late 1st century AD or early 2nd century AD, after the destruction of the Temple in AD 70.

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Redirects here:

4 Esdras, 4 Ezra, 5 Ezra, 6 Ezra, Apocalypse of Esdras, Fourth Book of Esdras, Fourth Book of Ezra, II Esdras, IV Esdras, Jewish Apocalypse of Ezra, Latin Apocalypse of Ezra, Latin Esdras, Latin Ezra, Second Book of Esdras, Second book of Esdras.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2_Esdras

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