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Elimination reaction

Index Elimination reaction

An elimination reaction is a type of organic reaction in which two substituents are removed from a molecule in either a one or two-step mechanism. [1]

61 relations: Addition reaction, Alkane stereochemistry, Alkene, Alkoxide, Anti-periplanar, Base (chemistry), Bromide, Butyl group, Carbocation, Chlorate, Chloromethane, Christopher Kelk Ingold, Cyclohexene, Deprotonation, E1, E1cB-elimination reaction, E2, Eclipsed conformation, Entropy, Ethanol, Haloalkane, Halogen, Hofmann elimination, Iodide, Ionization, Isobutylene, Journal of Chemical Education, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Kinetic isotope effect, Leaving group, Lewis acids and bases, Menthol, Molecular geometry, Nucleophile, Nucleophilic substitution, Orbital hybridisation, Organic reaction, Organic Syntheses, Potassium, Potassium bromide, Potassium tert-butoxide, Pyrolysis, Rate equation, Rate-determining step, Reaction rate, Rearrangement reaction, Reductive elimination, Regioselectivity, Saturated and unsaturated compounds, SN1 reaction, ..., SN2 reaction, Staggered conformation, Steric effects, Substituent, Sulfonate, Sulfuric acid, Temperature, Tert-Butyl chloride, Tertiary carbon, Transition state, Zaitsev's rule. Expand index (11 more) »

Addition reaction

An addition reaction, in organic chemistry, is in its simplest terms an organic reaction where two or more molecules combine to form the larger one (the adduct).

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Alkane stereochemistry

Alkane stereochemistry concerns the stereochemistry of alkanes.

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Alkene

In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.

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Alkoxide

An alkoxide is the conjugate base of an alcohol and therefore consists of an organic group bonded to a negatively charged oxygen atom.

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Anti-periplanar

Anti-periplanar is a term used in organic chemistry to describe the A–B–C–D bond angle in a molecule.

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Base (chemistry)

In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.

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Bromide

A bromide is a chemical compound containing a bromide ion or ligand.

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Butyl group

In organic chemistry, butyl is a four-carbon alkyl radical or substituent group with general chemical formula −C4H9, derived from either of the two isomers of butane.

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Carbocation

A carbocation (/karbɔkətaɪː'jɔ̃/) is an ion with a positively charged carbon atom.

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Chlorate

The chlorate anion has the formula.

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Chloromethane

Chloromethane, also called methyl chloride, Refrigerant-40, R-40 or HCC 40, is a chemical compound of the group of organic compounds called haloalkanes.

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Christopher Kelk Ingold

Sir Christopher Kelk Ingold (28 October 1893 – 8 December 1970) was a British chemist based in Leeds and London.

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Cyclohexene

Cyclohexene is a hydrocarbon with the formula C6H10.

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Deprotonation

Deprotonation is the removal (transfer) of a proton (a hydrogen cation, H+) from a Brønsted–Lowry acid in an acid-base reaction.

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E1

E1, E01, E.I or E-1 may refer to.

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E1cB-elimination reaction

The E1cB elimination reaction is a type of elimination reaction which occurs under basic conditions, where a particularly poor leaving group (such as -OH or -OR) and an acidic hydrogen eliminate to form an additional bond.

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E2

E2, e2, E02, E.II, e² or E-2 may refer to.

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Eclipsed conformation

In chemistry an eclipsed conformation is a conformation in which two substituents X and Y on adjacent atoms A, B are in closest proximity, implying that the torsion angle X–A–B–Y is 0°.

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Entropy

In statistical mechanics, entropy is an extensive property of a thermodynamic system.

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Ethanol

Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.

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Haloalkane

The haloalkanes (also known as halogenoalkanes or alkyl halides) are a group of chemical compounds derived from alkanes containing one or more halogens.

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Halogen

The halogens are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).

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Hofmann elimination

Hofmann elimination, also known as exhaustive methylation, is a process where a quaternary ammonium reacts to create a Tertiary amine and an alkene by treatment with excess methyl iodide followed by treatment with silver oxide, water, and heat.

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Iodide

An iodide ion is the ion I−.

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Ionization

Ionization or ionisation, is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.

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Isobutylene

Isobutylene (or 2-methylpropene) is a hydrocarbon of industrial significance.

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Journal of Chemical Education

The Journal of Chemical Education is a monthly peer-reviewed academic journal available in both print and electronic versions.

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Journal of the American Chemical Society

The Journal of the American Chemical Society (also known as JACS) is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1879 by the American Chemical Society.

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Kinetic isotope effect

The kinetic isotope effect (KIE) is the change in the reaction rate of a chemical reaction when one of the atoms in the reactants is replaced by one of its isotopes.

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Leaving group

In chemistry, a leaving group is a molecular fragment that departs with a pair of electrons in heterolytic bond cleavage.

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Lewis acids and bases

A Lewis acid is a chemical species that contains an empty orbital which is capable of accepting an electron pair from a Lewis base to form a Lewis adduct.

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Menthol

Menthol is an organic compound made synthetically or obtained from corn mint, peppermint, or other mint oils.

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Molecular geometry

Molecular geometry is the three-dimensional arrangement of the atoms that constitute a molecule.

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Nucleophile

Nucleophile is a chemical species that donates an electron pair to an electrophile to form a chemical bond in relation to a reaction.

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Nucleophilic substitution

In organic and inorganic chemistry, nucleophilic substitution is a fundamental class of reactions in which an electron rich nucleophile selectively bonds with or attacks the positive or partially positive charge of an atom or a group of atoms to replace a leaving group; the positive or partially positive atom is referred to as an electrophile.

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Orbital hybridisation

In chemistry, orbital hybridisation (or hybridization) is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals (with different energies, shapes, etc., than the component atomic orbitals) suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in valence bond theory.

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Organic reaction

Organic reactions are chemical reactions involving organic compounds.

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Organic Syntheses

Organic Syntheses is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1921.

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Potassium

Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.

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Potassium bromide

Potassium bromide (KBr) is a salt, widely used as an anticonvulsant and a sedative in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with over-the-counter use extending to 1975 in the US.

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Potassium tert-butoxide

Potassium tert-butoxide is the chemical compound with the formula K+(CH3)3CO−.

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Pyrolysis

Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of materials at elevated temperatures in an inert atmosphere.

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Rate equation

The rate law or rate equation for a chemical reaction is an equation that links the reaction rate with the concentrations or pressures of the reactants and constant parameters (normally rate coefficients and partial reaction orders).

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Rate-determining step

In chemical kinetics, the overall rate of a reaction is often approximately determined by the slowest step, known as the rate-determining step (RDS) or rate-limiting step.

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Reaction rate

The reaction rate or rate of reaction is the speed at which reactants are converted into products.

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Rearrangement reaction

A rearrangement reaction is a broad class of organic reactions where the carbon skeleton of a molecule is rearranged to give a structural isomer of the original molecule.

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Reductive elimination

Reductive elimination is an elementary step in organometallic chemistry in which the oxidation state of the metal center decreases while forming a new covalent bond between two ligands.

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Regioselectivity

In chemistry, regioselectivity is the preference of one direction of chemical bond making or breaking over all other possible directions.

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Saturated and unsaturated compounds

In organic chemistry, a saturated compound is a chemical compound that has single bonds.

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SN1 reaction

The SN1 reaction is a substitution reaction in organic chemistry.

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SN2 reaction

The SN2 reaction is a type of reaction mechanism that is common in organic chemistry.

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Staggered conformation

In organic chemistry, a staggered conformation is a chemical conformation of an ethane-like moiety abcX–Ydef in which the substituents a, b, and c are at the maximum distance from d, e, and f. This requires the torsion angles to be 60°.

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Steric effects

Steric effects are nonbonding interactions that influence the shape (conformation) and reactivity of ions and molecules.

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Substituent

In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a substituent is an atom or group of atoms which replaces one or more hydrogen atoms on the parent chain of a hydrocarbon, becoming a moiety of the resultant new molecule.

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Sulfonate

A sulfonate is a salt or ester of a sulfonic acid.

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Sulfuric acid

Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.

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Temperature

Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.

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Tert-Butyl chloride

tert-Butyl chloride is the organochloride with the formula (CH3)3CCl.

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Tertiary carbon

A tertiary carbon atom is a carbon atom bound to three other carbon atoms.

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Transition state

The transition state of a chemical reaction is a particular configuration along the reaction coordinate.

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Zaitsev's rule

Saytzeff's rule (or Zaitsev's rule, Saytzev's rule) is an empirical rule for predicting the favored alkene product(s) in elimination reactions.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elimination_reaction

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