61 relations: Allod, Appanage, Archibald Ross Lewis, Baron, Benefice, Book of Fees, Brahmadeya, Brahmin, Burgmann, Castle, Charles Martel, Court (royal), Escheat, Farm (revenue leasing), Fealty, Fee simple, Fee tail, Fengjian, Feoffee, Feoffment, Feudal land tenure in England, Feudal relief, Feudalism, Francia, Fraxinet, Garrison, Henry II of England, Herrschaft (territory), Homage (feudal), Inheritance, John, King of England, Knight, Knight's fee, Knight-service, La Garde-Freinet, Land tenure, Languedoc, Loanword, Loire, Lord, Lord of the manor, Louis the Pious, Magna Carta, Manor, Marc Bloch, Mercenary, Norman Cantor, Precarium, Provence, Ransom, ..., Scutage, Seigneurial system of New France, Seigniorage, Store of value, Subinfeudation, Tenant-in-chief, Transliteration, Urbarium, Vassal, Vita Hludovici, William Stubbs. Expand index (11 more) » « Shrink index
An allod (Old Low Franconian allōd ‘fully owned estate’, from all ‘full, entire’ and ōd ‘estate’, Medieval Latin allodium), also allodial land or allodium, refers, in the law of the Middle Ages and early Modern Period and especially within the Holy Roman Empire, to a freehold estate in land over which the allodial landowner (allodiary) had full ownership and right of alienation.
An appanage or apanage (pronounced) or apanage is the grant of an estate, title, office, or other thing of value to a younger male child of a sovereign, who would otherwise have no inheritance under the system of primogeniture.
Archibald Ross Lewis (1914-1990) was a historian, World War II Veteran, professor, and author.
Baron is a rank of nobility or title of honour, often hereditary.
A benefice or living is a reward received in exchange for services rendered and as a retainer for future services.
The Book of Fees is the colloquial title of a modern edition, transcript, rearrangement and enhancement of the mediaeval Liber Feodorum (Latin: "Book of Fees"), being a listing of feudal landholdings or "fees/fiefs", compiled in about 1302, but from earlier records, for the use of the English Exchequer.
Brahmadeya (given to Brahmin) was tax free land gift either in form of single plot or whole villages donated to Brahmans in the early medieval India.
Brahmin (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मण) is a varna (class) in Hinduism specialising as priests, teachers (acharya) and protectors of sacred learning across generations.
From the 12th century in central Europe, a Burgmann (plural: Burgmannen or modern term Burgmänner, Latin: oppidanus, castrensus) was a knight ministeriales or member of the nobility who was obligated to guard and defend castles.
A castle (from castellum) is a type of fortified structure built during the Middle Ages by predominantly the nobility or royalty and by military orders.
Charles Martel (c. 688 – 22 October 741) was a Frankish statesman and military leader who as Duke and Prince of the Franks and Mayor of the Palace, was the de facto ruler of Francia from 718 until his death.
A court is an extended royal household in a monarchy, including all those who regularly attend on a monarch, or another central figure.
Escheat is a common law doctrine that transfers the real property of a person who died without heirs to the Crown or state.
Farming is a technique of financial management, namely the process of commuting (changing), by its assignment by legal contract to a third party, a future uncertain revenue stream into fixed and certain periodic rents, in consideration for which commutation a discount in value received is suffered.
An oath of fealty, from the Latin fidelitas (faithfulness), is a pledge of allegiance of one person to another.
In English law, a fee simple or fee simple absolute is an estate in land, a form of freehold ownership.
In English common law, fee tail or entail is a form of trust established by deed or settlement which restricts the sale or inheritance of an estate in real property and prevents the property from being sold, devised by will, or otherwise alienated by the tenant-in-possession, and instead causes it to pass automatically by operation of law to an heir pre-determined by the settlement deed.
Fēngjiàn (封建) was a political ideology during the later part of the Zhou dynasty of ancient China, its social structure forming a decentralized system of government based on four occupations, or "four categories of the people." The Zhou kings enfeoffed their fellow warriors and relatives, creating large domains of land.
Under the feudal system in England, a feoffee is a trustee who holds a fief (or "fee"), that is to say an estate in land, for the use of a beneficial owner.
In the Middle Ages, especially under the European feudal system, feoffment or enfeoffment was the deed by which a person was given land in exchange for a pledge of service.
Under the English feudal system several different forms of land tenure existed, each effectively a contract with differing rights and duties attached thereto.
Feudal relief was a one-off "fine" or form of taxation payable to an overlord by the heir of a feudal tenant to license him to take possession of his fief, i.e. an estate-in-land, by inheritance.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
Francia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks (Regnum Francorum), or Frankish Empire was the largest post-Roman Barbarian kingdom in Western Europe.
Fraxinet or Fraxinetum (translit or rtl Farakhsha, from Latin fraxinus: "ash tree", fraxinetum: "ash forest") was the site of a 10th-century fortress established by Muslims at modern La Garde-Freinet, near Saint-Tropez, in Provence.
Garrison (various spellings) (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, "to equip") is the collective term for a body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but now often simply using it as a home base.
Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also partially controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany.
In the German feudal system, a Herrschaft was the fiefdom of a lord, who in this area exercised full feudal rights.
Homage in the Middle Ages was the ceremony in which a feudal tenant or vassal pledged reverence and submission to his feudal lord, receiving in exchange the symbolic title to his new position (investiture).
Inheritance is the practice of passing on property, titles, debts, rights, and obligations upon the death of an individual.
John (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216), also known as John Lackland (Norman French: Johan sanz Terre), was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216.
A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.
In feudal Anglo-Norman England and Ireland, a knight's fee was a unit measure of land deemed sufficient to support a knight.
Knight-service was a form of feudal land tenure under which a knight held a fief or estate of land termed a knight's fee (fee being synonymous with fief) from an overlord conditional on him as tenant performing military service for his overlord.
La Garde-Freinet (Provençal: La Gàrdia Frainet) is a commune in the Var department in the Côte d'Azur area in southeastern France.
In common law systems, land tenure is the legal regime in which land is owned by an individual, who is said to "hold" the land.
Languedoc (Lengadòc) is a former province of France.
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
The Loire (Léger; Liger) is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world.
Lord is an appellation for a person or deity who has authority, control, or power over others acting like a master, a chief, or a ruler.
In British or Irish history, the lordship of a manor is a lordship emanating from the feudal system of manorialism.
Louis the Pious (778 – 20 June 840), also called the Fair, and the Debonaire, was the King of the Franks and co-Emperor (as Louis I) with his father, Charlemagne, from 813.
Magna Carta Libertatum (Medieval Latin for "the Great Charter of the Liberties"), commonly called Magna Carta (also Magna Charta; "Great Charter"), is a charter agreed to by King John of England at Runnymede, near Windsor, on 15 June 1215.
A manor in English law is an estate in land to which is incident the right to hold a court termed court baron, that is to say a manorial court.
Marc Léopold Benjamin Bloch (6 July 1886 – 16 June 1944) was a French historian who cofounded the highly influential Annales School of French social history.
A mercenary is an individual who is hired to take part in an armed conflict but is not part of a regular army or other governmental military force.
Norman Frank Cantor (November 19, 1929 – September 18, 2004) was a Canadian-American historian who specialized in the medieval period.
The precarium (plural precaria)—or precaria (plural precariae) in the feminine form—is a form of land tenure in which a petitioner (grantee) receives a property for a specific amount of time without any change of ownership.
Provence (Provençal: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) is a geographical region and historical province of southeastern France, which extends from the left bank of the lower Rhône River to the west to the Italian border to the east, and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
Ransom is the practice of holding a prisoner or item to extort money or property to secure their release, or it may refer to the sum of money involved.
Scutage is a medieval English tax levied on holders of a knight's fee under the feudal land tenure of knight-service.
The manorial system of New France was the semi-feudal system of land tenure used in the North American French colonial empire.
Seigniorage, also spelled seignorage or seigneurage (from Old French seigneuriage "right of the lord (seigneur) to mint money"), is the difference between the value of money and the cost to produce and distribute it.
A store of value is the function of an asset that can be saved, retrieved and exchanged at a later time, and be predictably useful when retrieved.
In English law, subinfeudation is the practice by which tenants, holding land under the king or other superior lord, carved out new and distinct tenures in their turn by sub-letting or alienating a part of their lands.
In medieval and early modern Europe the term tenant-in-chief (or vassal-in-chief), denoted a person who held his lands under various forms of feudal land tenure directly from the king or territorial prince to whom he did homage, as opposed to holding them from another nobleman or senior member of the clergy.
Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another that involves swapping letters (thus trans- + liter-) in predictable ways (such as α → a, д → d, χ → ch, ն → n or æ → e).
An urbarium (Urbar, English: urbarium, also rental or rent-roll, urbár, urbárium), is a register of fief ownership and includes the rights and benefits that the fief holder has over his serfs and peasants.
A vassal is a person regarded as having a mutual obligation to a lord or monarch, in the context of the feudal system in medieval Europe.
Vita Hludovici or Vita Hludovici Imperatoris (The Life of Louis or the Life of the Emperor Louis) is an anonymous biography of Louis the Pious, Holy Roman Emperor and King of the Franks from AD 814 to 840.
William Stubbs (21 June 1825 – 22 April 1901) was an English historian and Anglican bishop.
Arriere-fee, Arrière-fee, Entfeoff, Fee (feudal tenure), Feif, Feifdom, Feifdome, Feodum, Feoff, Feoffes, Feudal estate, Feudum, Fiefdom, Fiefdome, Fiefdoms, Fiefed, Fiefholder, Fiefs, German ministerial, Honores, Imperial Fief, In fee, In fief, Jaagir, Seigneurie, Tuyuldar.