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# Names of large numbers

This article lists and discusses the usage and derivation of names of large numbers, together with their possible extensions. [1]

79 relations: Albert Einstein, Archimedes, Asaṃkhyeya, Avogadro constant, Barn (unit), Billion, Billion (disambiguation), Binary prefix, Chinese numerals, Continental Europe, Corporate headquarters, Dot-com company, Edward Kasner, Estienne de La Roche, Exa-, Giga-, Google, Googleplex, Googol, Googolplex, Graham's number, Greek language, History of large numbers, Hungarian pengő, Hungary, Hyperinflation, Indefinite and fictitious numbers, Indian numbering system, International Organization for Standardization, International System of Quantities, Jacques Pelletier du Mans, Jehan Adam, John Horton Conway, Knuth's up-arrow notation, Kruskal's tree theorem, Large numbers, Latin, Latin America, Law of large numbers, Light-year, List of numbers, Long and short scales, Mathematics and the Imagination, Mega-, Metric prefix, Multiplicative inverse, Myriad, Names of small numbers, Nicolas Chuquet, Numeral (linguistics), ... Expand index (29 more) »

## Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).

## Archimedes

Archimedes of Syracuse (Ἀρχιμήδης) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.

## Asaṃkhyeya

An (Sanskrit: असंख्येय) is a Hindu/Buddhist name for the number 10140 or alternatively for the number 10^ as it is listed in the Avatamsaka Sutra.

In chemistry and physics, the Avogadro constant (named after scientist Amedeo Avogadro) is the number of constituent particles, usually atoms or molecules, that are contained in the amount of substance given by one mole.

## Barn (unit)

A barn (symbol: b) is a unit of area equal to 10−28 m2 (100 fm2).

## Billion

A billion is a number with two distinct definitions.

## Billion (disambiguation)

Billion is a name for a large number.

## Binary prefix

A binary prefix is a unit prefix for multiples of units in data processing, data transmission, and digital information, notably the bit and the byte, to indicate multiplication by a power of 2.

## Chinese numerals

Chinese numerals are words and characters used to denote numbers in Chinese.

## Continental Europe

Continental or mainland Europe is the continuous continent of Europe excluding its surrounding islands.

Corporate headquarters is a building or group of buildings that serve as the main base of operations and serve as the corporation's main offices for administrative and managerial staff, including strategic planners, corporate communications, accountants, lawyers, marketing staff, financial service staff, the Human Resources Department, and information technology (research) division.

## Dot-com company

A dot-com company, or simply a dot-com (alternatively rendered dot.com, dot com or.com), is a company that does most of its business on the Internet, usually through a website that uses the popular top-level domain ".com".

## Edward Kasner

Edward Kasner (April 2, 1878 – January 7, 1955) was a prominent American mathematician who was appointed Tutor on Mathematics in the Columbia University Mathematics Department.

## Estienne de La Roche

Estienne de La Roche (1470–1530) was a French mathematician.

## Exa-

Exa is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting 1018 or.

## Giga-

Giga is a unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of a (short-form) billion (109 or 000).

Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.

The Googleplex is the corporate headquarters complex of Google and its parent company Alphabet Inc., located at 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway in Mountain View, California, United States, near Silicon Valley's capital San Jose.

## Googol

A googol is the large number 10100.

## Googolplex

A googolplex is the number 10, or equivalently, 10.

## Graham's number

Graham's number is an enormous number that arises as an upper bound on the answer of a problem in the mathematical field of Ramsey theory.

## Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

## History of large numbers

Different cultures used different traditional numeral systems for naming large numbers.

## Hungarian pengő

The pengő (sometimes written as pengo or pengoe in English) was the currency of Hungary between 1 January 1927, when it replaced the korona, and 31 July 1946, when it was replaced by the forint.

## Hungary

Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.

## Hyperinflation

In economics, hyperinflation is very high and typically accelerating inflation.

## Indefinite and fictitious numbers

Many languages have words expressing indefinite and fictitious numbers—inexact terms of indefinite size, used for comic effect, for exaggeration, as placeholder names, or when precision is unnecessary or undesirable.

## Indian numbering system

The Indian numbering system is used in the Indian subcontinent (Bangladesh, Burma, India, Nepal, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka).

## International Organization for Standardization

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.

## International System of Quantities

The International System of Quantities (ISQ) is a system based on seven base quantities: length, mass, time, electric current, thermodynamic temperature, amount of substance, and luminous intensity.

## Jacques Pelletier du Mans

Jacques Pelletier du Mans, also spelled Peletier, in Latin: Peletarius, (1517–1582) was a humanist, poet and mathematician of the French Renaissance.

Jehan Adam was a French mathematician who flourished in the 15th century.

## John Horton Conway

John Horton Conway FRS (born 26 December 1937) is an English mathematician active in the theory of finite groups, knot theory, number theory, combinatorial game theory and coding theory.

## Knuth's up-arrow notation

In mathematics, Knuth's up-arrow notation is a method of notation for very large integers, introduced by Donald Knuth in 1976.

## Kruskal's tree theorem

In mathematics, Kruskal's tree theorem states that the set of finite trees over a well-quasi-ordered set of labels is itself well-quasi-ordered under homeomorphic embedding.

## Large numbers

Large numbers are numbers that are significantly larger than those ordinarily used in everyday life, for instance in simple counting or in monetary transactions.

## Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

## Latin America

Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.

## Law of large numbers

In probability theory, the law of large numbers (LLN) is a theorem that describes the result of performing the same experiment a large number of times.

## Light-year

The light-year is a unit of length used to express astronomical distances and measures about 9.5 trillion kilometres or 5.9 trillion miles.

## Long and short scales

The long and short scales are two of several large-number naming systems for integer powers of ten that use the same words with different meanings.

## Mathematics and the Imagination

Mathematics and the Imagination is a book published in New York by Simon & Schuster in 1940.

## Mega-

Mega is a unit prefix in metric systems of units denoting a factor of one million (106 or 000).

## Metric prefix

A metric prefix is a unit prefix that precedes a basic unit of measure to indicate a multiple or fraction of the unit.

## Multiplicative inverse

In mathematics, a multiplicative inverse or reciprocal for a number x, denoted by 1/x or x&minus;1, is a number which when multiplied by x yields the multiplicative identity, 1.

A myriad (from Ancient Greek label) is technically the number ten thousand; in that sense, the term is used almost exclusively in translations from Greek, Latin, or Chinese, or when talking about ancient Greek numbers.

## Names of small numbers

This article lists and discusses the usage and derivation of names of small numbers.

## Nicolas Chuquet

Nicolas Chuquet (1445, but some sources say 1455, Paris, France &ndash; 1488, some sources say 1500, Lyon, France) was a French mathematician.

## Numeral (linguistics)

In linguistics, a numeral is a member of a part of speech characterized by the designation of numbers; some examples are the English word 'two' and the compound 'seventy-seventh'.

## Numeral prefix

Numeral or number prefixes are prefixes derived from numerals or occasionally other numbers.

## Oliver Farrar Emerson

Oliver Farrar Emerson (born in Traer, Iowa, 24 May 1860; died in Ocala, Florida 13 March 1927) was a United States educator and philologist noted for Chaucer scholarship and his History of the English Language.

## Order of magnitude

An order of magnitude is an approximate measure of the number of digits that a number has in the commonly-used base-ten number system.

## Orders of magnitude (data)

An order of magnitude is a factor of ten.

## Orders of magnitude (numbers)

This list contains selected positive numbers in increasing order, including counts of things, dimensionless quantity and probabilities.

## Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.

## Parsec

The parsec (symbol: pc) is a unit of length used to measure large distances to astronomical objects outside the Solar System.

## Peta-

Peta is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting multiplication by 1015.

## Power of 10

In mathematics, a power of 10 is any of the integer powers of the number ten; in other words, ten multiplied by itself a certain number of times (when the power is a positive integer).

## Primo Carnera

Primo Carnera (October 26, 1906 – June 29, 1967), nicknamed the Ambling Alp, was an Italian professional boxer and the World Heavyweight Champion from June 29, 1933, to June 14, 1934.

## Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is a large American dictionary, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition.

## Richard K. Guy

Richard Kenneth Guy (born 30 September 1916) is a British mathematician, professor emeritus in the Department of Mathematics at the University of Calgary.

## Scientific notation

Scientific notation (also referred to as scientific form or standard index form, or standard form in the UK) is a way of expressing numbers that are too big or too small to be conveniently written in decimal form.

## Skewes's number

In number theory, Skewes's number is any of several extremely large numbers used by the South African mathematician Stanley Skewes as upper bounds for the smallest natural number x for which where π is the prime-counting function and li is the logarithmic integral function.

## Spanish language

Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.

## Steinhaus–Moser notation

In mathematics, Steinhaus–Moser notation is a notation for expressing certain extremely large numbers.

## Tera-

Tera is a unit prefix in the metric system denoting multiplication by 1012 or (one trillion short scale; one billion long scale).

## The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language

The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (AHD) is an American dictionary of English published by Boston publisher Houghton Mifflin, the first edition of which appeared in 1969.

## The Sand Reckoner

The Sand Reckoner (Ψαμμίτης, Psammites) is a work by Archimedes in which he set out to determine an upper bound for the number of grains of sand that fit into the universe.

## Trillion

Trillion may refer to.

## United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

## United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: \$; code: USD; also abbreviated US\$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.

## University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, also known as UNC, UNC Chapel Hill, the University of North Carolina, or simply Carolina, is a public research university located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States.

## Webster's Third New International Dictionary

Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (commonly known as Webster's Third, or W3) was published in September 1961.

## Yotta-

Yotta is the largest decimal unit prefix in the metric system, denoting a factor of 1024 or; that is, one million million million million, or one septillion.

## Zetta-

Zetta is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of 1021 or.

## Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.

## Zimbabwean dollar

The Zimbabwean dollar (sign: \$, or Z\$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies) was the official currency of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 12 April 2009.

## 1,000,000,000

1,000,000,000 (one billion, short scale; one thousand million or milliard, yard, long scale) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001.

## References

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