97 relations: African Americans, Alabama, American Civil War, Bachelor of Laws, Bar (law), Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Bibb County, Georgia, Captain (United States O-3), Charles Sumner, Cherokee, Cincinnati, Civil and political rights, David Paterson, Deval Patrick, Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era, Douglas A. Blackmon, Douglas Wilder, Eliot Spitzer, Free Negro, Free people of color, Georgia (U.S. state), German Americans, Governor (United States), Harlem Renaissance, Henry C. Warmoth, Henry Demas, Historically black colleges and universities, History of slavery in Georgia (U.S. state), Homer Plessy, Horse racing, Howard University Press, Impeachment, James T. Rapier, Jean Toomer, Jeremiah Haralson, John McEnery (Louisiana), Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana, List of African-American officeholders during Reconstruction, List of African-American United States Representatives, List of African-American United States Senators, List of ethnic groups of Africa, List of Governors of Louisiana, Louisiana gubernatorial election, 1872, Louisiana State Senate, Louisiana State University Press, Louisianian, Macon, Georgia, Manumission, Massachusetts, Metairie Cemetery, ..., Military history of African Americans in the American Civil War, Mississippi, Mulatto, Multiracial, New Orleans, New York (state), Ohio, Oscar Dunn, Otto von Bismarck, Paramilitary, Plantations in the American South, Plessy v. Ferguson, President pro tempore, Pro tempore, Reconstruction Acts, Reconstruction era, Republican Party (United States), Saratoga Springs, New York, Scotch-Irish Americans, Sidney, Ohio, Slave states and free states, Slavery by Another Name, Southern University, Southern University at New Orleans, Straight University, Supreme Court of the United States, Terre Haute, Indiana, The Washington Post, Theophile T. Allain, U.S. state, Ulysses S. Grant, Union (American Civil War), United States, United States Colored Troops, United States Customs Service, United States Marshals Service, United States presidential election, 1872, United States Senate, Virginia, Washington, D.C., Welsh Americans, White League, White people, William Pitt Kellogg, 1880 Republican National Convention, 1st Louisiana Native Guard (United States), 2nd Louisiana Regiment Native Guard Infantry. Expand index (47 more) » « Shrink index
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The Bachelor of Laws (Legum Baccalaureus; LL.B. or B.L.) is an undergraduate degree in law (or a first professional degree in law, depending on jurisdiction) originating in England and offered in Japan and most common law jurisdictionsexcept the United States and Canadaas the degree which allows a person to become a lawyer.
In law, the bar is the legal profession as an institution.
Baton Rouge is the capital of the U.S. state of Louisiana and its second-largest city.
Bibb County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia.
In the United States Army (USA), U.S. Marine Corps (USMC), and U.S. Air Force (USAF), captain (abbreviated "CPT" in the USA and "Capt" in the USMC and USAF) is a company grade officer rank, with the pay grade of O-3.
Charles Sumner (January 6, 1811 – March 11, 1874) was an American politician and United States Senator from Massachusetts.
The Cherokee (translit or translit) are one of the indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
David Alexander Paterson (born May 20, 1954) is an American politician who served as the 55th Governor of New York, succeeding Eliot Spitzer and serving out the final three years of Spitzer's term from March 2008 to the end of 2010.
Deval Laurdine Patrick (born July 31, 1956) is an American politician, civil rights lawyer, author and businessman who served as the 71st Governor of Massachusetts from 2007 to 2015.
Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era in the United States of America was based on a series of laws, new constitutions, and practices in the South that were deliberately used to prevent black citizens from registering to vote and voting.
Douglas A. Blackmon (born 1964) is an American writer and journalist who won a Pulitzer Prize in 2009 for his book, Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II.
Lawrence Douglas Wilder (born January 17, 1931) is an American lawyer and politician who served as the 66th Governor of Virginia, from 1990 to 1994.
Eliot Laurence Spitzer (born June 10, 1959) is a retired American politician, attorney, and educator.
In United States history, a free Negro or free black was the legal status, in the geographic area of the United States, of blacks who were not slaves.
In the context of the history of slavery in the Americas, free people of color (French: gens de couleur libres, Spanish: gente libre de color) were people of mixed African and European descent who were not enslaved.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are Americans who have full or partial German ancestry.
In the United States, a governor serves as the chief executive officer and commander-in-chief in each of the fifty states and in the five permanently inhabited territories, functioning as both head of state and head of government therein.
The Harlem Renaissance was an intellectual, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem, New York, spanning the 1920s.
Henry Clay Warmoth (May 9, 1842 – September 30, 1931) was an American attorney, Civil War officer in the Union Army, who was elected governor and state representative of Louisiana.
Henry Demas (1848–1900) was an African American slave who became a constable, state senator, civil rights activist, and Southern University organizer in Louisiana during the Reconstruction era.
Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before the Civil Rights Act of 1964 with the intention of primarily serving the African-American community.
Slavery in Georgia is known to have been practiced by the original or earliest-known inhabitants of the future colony and state of Georgia, for centuries prior to European colonization.
Homer Adolph Plessy (March 17, 1862 – March 1, 1925) was a Louisiana French-speaking Creole plaintiff in the United States Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson.
Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys (or sometimes driven without riders) over a set distance for competition.
Howard University Press was a publisher that was part of Howard University, founded in 1972.
Impeachment is the process by which a legislative body formally levels charges against a high official of government.
James Thomas Rapier (November 13, 1837 – May 31, 1883) was an African-American politician from Alabama during the Reconstruction Era.
Jean Toomer (born Nathan Pinchback Toomer, December 26, 1894 – March 30, 1967) was an African American poet and novelist commonly associated with the Harlem Renaissance, though he actively resisted the association, and modernism.
Jeremiah Haralson (April 1, 1846 – 1916), was a politician from Alabama who was among the first ten African-American Congressmen elected in the United States.
John McEnery (March 31, 1833, Petersburg, Virginia – March 28, 1891) was a Louisiana Democratic politician and lawyer who was considered by Democrats to be the winner of the highly contested 1872 election for Governor of Louisiana.
The Office of Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana (Lieutenant-Gouverneur de la Louisiane) is the second highest state office in Louisiana.
Many scholars have identified more than 1,500 African American officeholders during the Reconstruction Era (1863–1877).
The United States House of Representatives has had 144 elected African-American members, of whom 138 have been Representatives from U.S. states and 6 have been Delegates from U.S. territories and the District of Columbia.
The United States Senate has had ten African-American elected or appointed office holders.
The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, with each population generally having its own language (or dialect of a language) and culture.
This is a list of the Governors of Louisiana (Gouverneurs de Louisiane), from acquisition by the United States in 1803 to the present day.
The Louisiana gubernatorial election, 1872, was the second election to take place under the Louisiana Constitution of 1868.
The Louisiana State Senate (French: Sénat de Louisiane) is the upper house of the state legislature of Louisiana.
The Louisiana State University Press (LSU Press) is a university press that was founded in 1935.
Louisianian, also referred to as New Orleans Louisianian and The Louisianian was a semi-weekly newspaper published in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Macon, officially Macon–Bibb County, is a consolidated city-county located in the state of Georgia, United States.
Manumission, or affranchisement, is the act of an owner freeing his or her slaves.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Metairie Cemetery is a cemetery in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
A large contingent of African Americans served in the American Civil War.
Mississippi is a state in the Southern United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico.
Mulatto is a term used to refer to people born of one white parent and one black parent or to people born of a mulatto parent or parents.
Multiracial is defined as made up of or relating to people of many races.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Oscar James Dunn (1826 – November 22, 1871) was one of three African Americans who served as a Republican Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana during the era of Reconstruction.
Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898), known as Otto von Bismarck, was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890 and was the first Chancellor of the German Empire between 1871 and 1890.
A paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, but which is not included as part of a state's formal armed forces.
Plantations were an important aspect of the history of the American South, particularly the antebellum (pre-American Civil War) era.
Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896),.
A president pro tempore or speaker pro tempore is a constitutionally recognized officer of a legislative body who presides over the chamber in the absence of the normal presiding officer.
Pro tempore, abbreviated pro tem or p.t., is a Latin phrase which best translates to "for the time being" in English.
The Reconstruction Acts, or Military Reconstruction Acts, (March 2, 1867, 14 Stat. 428-430, c.153; March 23, 1867, 15 Stat. 2-5, c.6; July 19, 1867, 15 Stat. 14-16, c.30; and March 11, 1868, 15 Stat. 41, c.25) were four statutes passed during the Reconstruction Era by the 40th United States Congress addressing requirement for Southern States to be readmitted to the Union.
The Reconstruction era was the period from 1863 (the Presidential Proclamation of December 8, 1863) to 1877.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Saratoga Springs is a city in Saratoga County, New York, United States.
Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Presbyterian and other Ulster Protestant Dissenters from various parts of Ireland, but usually from the province of Ulster, who migrated during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Sidney is a city in Shelby County, Ohio, United States approximately 36 mi (58 km) north of Dayton and 100 mi (161 km) south of Toledo.
In the history of the United States, a slave state was a U.S. state in which the practice of slavery was legal, and a free state was one in which slavery was prohibited or being legally phased out.
Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II is a book by American writer Douglas A. Blackmon, published by Anchor Books in 2008.
Southern University and A&M College (often referred to as Southern University, Southern, SUBR or SU) is a public historically black university (HBCU) in the Scotlandville area of Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
Southern University at New Orleans (often referred to by its initials SUNO) is a public historically African American university located in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
Straight University, after 1915 Straight College, was a historically black college that operated between 1868 and 1934 in New Orleans, Louisiana.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Terre Haute is a city in and the county seat of Vigo County, Indiana, United States, near the state's western border with Illinois.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
Theophile T. Allain (October 1, 1846 – February 2, 1917) was a member of the Louisiana State Legislature in the 1870s and 1880s.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
Ulysses Simpson Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American soldier and statesman who served as Commanding General of the Army and the 18th President of the United States, the highest positions in the military and the government of the United States.
During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, referred to the United States of America and specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states, as well as 4 border and slave states (some with split governments and troops sent both north and south) that supported it.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Colored Troops (USCT) were regiments in the United States Army composed primarily of African-American (colored) soldiers, although members of other minority groups also served with the units.
The United States Customs Service was an agency of the U.S. federal government that collected import tariffs and performed other selected border security duties.
The United States Marshals Service (USMS) is a federal law-enforcement agency within the U.S. Department of Justice.
The United States presidential election of 1872 was the 22nd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1872.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Welsh Americans are an American ethnic group whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Wales.
The White League, also known as the White Man's League, was an American white paramilitary organization started in 1874 to kick Republicans out of office and intimidate freedmen from voting and politically organizing.
White people is a racial classification specifier, used mostly for people of European descent; depending on context, nationality, and point of view, the term has at times been expanded to encompass certain persons of North African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian descent, persons who are often considered non-white in other contexts.
William Pitt Kellogg (December 8, 1830 – August 10, 1918) was an American lawyer and Republican Party politician who served as a United States Senator from 1868 to 1872 and from 1877 to 1883 and as the Governor of Louisiana from 1873 to 1877 during the Reconstruction Era.
The 1880 Republican National Convention convened from June 2 to June 8, 1880, at the Interstate Exposition Building in Chicago, Illinois, United States, and nominated Representative James A. Garfield of Ohio and Chester A. Arthur of New York as the official candidates of the Republican Party for President and Vice President, respectively, in the 1880 presidential election.
The 1st Louisiana Native Guard (later became the 73rd Regiment Infantry U.S. Colored Troops) was one of the first all-black regiments to fight in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
The 2nd Louisiana Regiment Native Guard Infantry was a regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
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