60 relations: Algorithm, Alice (programming language), Arbitrary-precision arithmetic, Artificial intelligence, C (programming language), C standard library, Computational science, Computer algebra, Cross-platform, David Turner (computer scientist), Declarative programming, Eager evaluation, Eight queens puzzle, Factorization, FAUST (programming language), Fibonacci number, Free and open-source software, Free-form language, FreeBSD, Functional programming, Gaussian elimination, GNU Lesser General Public License, GNU Octave, GNU Scientific Library, Gnumeric, Haskell (programming language), Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Just-in-time compilation, Lazy evaluation, Library (computing), Linux, Lisp (programming language), List (abstract data type), List comprehension, LLVM, MacOS, Macro (computer science), MATLAB, Memoization, Microsoft Windows, Miranda (programming language), Off-side rule, Open Sound Control, OpenCV, OpenGL, Operator (computer programming), Pivot element, Plug-in (computing), Polynomial expansion, Prime number, ..., Programming language, Pure Data, Rewriting, Scope (computer science), Strong and weak typing, SuperCollider, Tail call, Thunk, Time complexity, Trial division. Expand index (10 more) » « Shrink index
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
Alice ML is a programming language designed by the Programming Systems Laboratory at Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany.
In computer science, arbitrary-precision arithmetic, also called bignum arithmetic, multiple-precision arithmetic, or sometimes infinite-precision arithmetic, indicates that calculations are performed on numbers whose digits of precision are limited only by the available memory of the host system.
Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
The C standard library or libc is the standard library for the C programming language, as specified in the ANSI C standard.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Computational science (also scientific computing or scientific computation (SC)) is a rapidly growing multidisciplinary field that uses advanced computing capabilities to understand and solve complex problems.
In computational mathematics, computer algebra, also called symbolic computation or algebraic computation, is a scientific area that refers to the study and development of algorithms and software for manipulating mathematical expressions and other mathematical objects.
In computing, cross-platform software (also multi-platform software or platform-independent software) is computer software that is implemented on multiple computing platforms.
David A. Turner (born 1946) is a British computer scientist.
In computer science, declarative programming is a programming paradigm—a style of building the structure and elements of computer programs—that expresses the logic of a computation without describing its control flow.
In computer programming, eager evaluation, also known as strict evaluation or greedy evaluation, is the evaluation strategy used by most traditional programming languages.
The eight queens puzzle is the problem of placing eight chess queens on an 8×8 chessboard so that no two queens threaten each other.
In mathematics, factorization (also factorisation in some forms of British English) or factoring consists of writing a number or another mathematical object as a product of several factors, usually smaller or simpler objects of the same kind.
FAUST (Functional AUdio STream) is a domain-specific purely functional programming language for implementing signal processing algorithms in the form of libraries, audio plug-ins, or standalone applications.
In mathematics, the Fibonacci numbers are the numbers in the following integer sequence, called the Fibonacci sequence, and characterized by the fact that every number after the first two is the sum of the two preceding ones: Often, especially in modern usage, the sequence is extended by one more initial term: By definition, the first two numbers in the Fibonacci sequence are either 1 and 1, or 0 and 1, depending on the chosen starting point of the sequence, and each subsequent number is the sum of the previous two.
Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software that can be classified as both free software and open-source software.
In computer programming, a free-form language is a programming language in which the positioning of characters on the page in program text is insignificant.
FreeBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like operating system descended from Research Unix via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).
In computer science, functional programming is a programming paradigm—a style of building the structure and elements of computer programs—that treats computation as the evaluation of mathematical functions and avoids changing-state and mutable data.
In linear algebra, Gaussian elimination (also known as row reduction) is an algorithm for solving systems of linear equations.
The GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) is a free software license published by the Free Software Foundation (FSF).
GNU Octave is software featuring a high-level programming language, primarily intended for numerical computations.
The GNU Scientific Library (or GSL) is a software library for numerical computations in applied mathematics and science.
Gnumeric is a spreadsheet program that is part of the GNOME Free Software Desktop Project.
Haskell is a standardized, general-purpose compiled purely functional programming language, with non-strict semantics and strong static typing.
The Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz) is a public research university in Mainz, Rhineland Palatinate, Germany, named after the printer Johannes Gutenberg.
In computing, just-in-time (JIT) compilation, (also dynamic translation or run-time compilation), is a way of executing computer code that involves compilation during execution of a program – at run time – rather than prior to execution.
In programming language theory, lazy evaluation, or call-by-need is an evaluation strategy which delays the evaluation of an expression until its value is needed (non-strict evaluation) and which also avoids repeated evaluations (sharing).
In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often for software development.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
Lisp (historically, LISP) is a family of computer programming languages with a long history and a distinctive, fully parenthesized prefix notation.
In computer science, a list or sequence is an abstract data type that represents a countable number of ordered values, where the same value may occur more than once.
A list comprehension is a syntactic construct available in some programming languages for creating a list based on existing lists.
The LLVM compiler infrastructure project is a "collection of modular and reusable compiler and toolchain technologies" used to develop compiler front ends and back ends.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
A macro (short for "macroinstruction", from Greek μακρός 'long') in computer science is a rule or pattern that specifies how a certain input sequence (often a sequence of characters) should be mapped to a replacement output sequence (also often a sequence of characters) according to a defined procedure.
MATLAB (matrix laboratory) is a multi-paradigm numerical computing environment and proprietary programming language developed by MathWorks.
In computing, memoization or memoisation is an optimization technique used primarily to speed up computer programs by storing the results of expensive function calls and returning the cached result when the same inputs occur again.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Miranda is a lazy, purely functional programming language designed by David Turner as a successor to his earlier programming languages SASL and KRC, using some concepts from ML and Hope.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
A computer programming language is said to adhere to the off-side rule if blocks in that language are expressed by their indentation.
Open Sound Control (OSC) is a protocol for networking sound synthesizers, computers, and other multimedia devices for purposes such as musical performance or show control.
OpenCV (Open Source Computer Vision) is a library of programming functions mainly aimed at real-time computer vision.
Open Graphics Library (OpenGL) is a cross-language, cross-platform application programming interface (API) for rendering 2D and 3D vector graphics.
Programming languages typically support a set of operators: constructs which behave generally like functions, but which differ syntactically or semantically from usual functions.
The pivot or pivot element is the element of a matrix, or an array, which is selected first by an algorithm (e.g. Gaussian elimination, simplex algorithm, etc.), to do certain calculations.
In computing, a plug-in (or plugin, add-in, addin, add-on, addon, or extension) is a software component that adds a specific feature to an existing computer program.
In mathematics, an expansion of a product of sums expresses it as a sum of products by using the fact that multiplication distributes over addition.
A prime number (or a prime) is a natural number greater than 1 that cannot be formed by multiplying two smaller natural numbers.
A programming language is a formal language that specifies a set of instructions that can be used to produce various kinds of output.
Pure Data (Pd) is a visual programming language developed by Miller Puckette in the 1990s for creating interactive computer music and multimedia works.
In mathematics, computer science, and logic, rewriting covers a wide range of (potentially non-deterministic) methods of replacing subterms of a formula with other terms.
In computer programming, the scope of a name binding – an association of a name to an entity, such as a variable – is the region of a computer program where the binding is valid: where the name can be used to refer to the entity.
In computer programming, programming languages are often colloquially classified as to whether the language's type system makes it strongly typed or weakly typed (loosely typed).
SuperCollider is an environment and programming language originally released in 1996 by James McCartney for real-time audio synthesis and algorithmic composition.
In computer science, a tail call is a subroutine call performed as the final action of a procedure.
In computer programming, a thunk is a subroutine used to inject an additional calculation into another subroutine.
In computer science, the time complexity is the computational complexity that describes the amount of time it takes to run an algorithm.
Trial division is the most laborious but easiest to understand of the integer factorization algorithms.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.