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April 9 tragedy

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The April 9 tragedy (also known as Tbilisi Massacre, Tbilisi tragedy) refers to the events in Tbilisi, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, on April 9, 1989, when an anti-Soviet demonstration was dispersed by the Soviet Army, resulting in 20 deaths and hundreds of injuries. [1]

43 relations: Abkhazians, Anatoly Sobchak, Anti-Sovietism, Armoured personnel carrier, Autopsy, Black January, Colonel general, Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union, CS gas, Democratic Republic of Georgia, Entrenching tool, Georgian independence referendum, 1991, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, Georgians, Giorgi Chanturia, Igor Rodionov, Ilia II of Georgia, January Events (Lithuania), Jeltoqsan, Jumber Patiashvili, Merab Kostava, Mikhail Gorbachev, Militsiya, Moscow, Nervous system, Novocherkassk massacre, Perestroika, Phenacyl chloride, Public holidays in Georgia, Revolutions of 1989, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Rustaveli Avenue, Soviet Army, Soviet Union, Spetsnaz, Stampede, Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia, Tbilisi, Transcaucasian Military District, Viktor Suvorov, Zviad Gamsakhurdia, 1956 Georgian demonstrations, 1978 Georgian demonstrations.


Abkhazians, Abkhaz people and the Abkhaz or (Abkhaz:, Apswa; აფხაზები, ap'khazebi) are a Caucasian ethnic group, mainly living in Abkhazia, a disputed region on the Black Sea coast.

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Anatoly Sobchak

Anatoly Aleksandrovich Sobchak (p, 10 August 1937 – 20 February 2000) was a Russian politician, a co-author of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the first democratically elected mayor of Saint Petersburg, and a mentor and teacher of both Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev.

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Anti-Sovietism and Anti-Soviet refer to persons and activities actually or allegedly aimed against the Soviet Union or government power within the Soviet Union.

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Armoured personnel carrier

An armoured personnel carrier (APC) is type of armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) designed to transport infantry to the battlefield.

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An autopsy—also known as a post-mortem examination, necropsy, autopsia cadaverum, or obduction—is a highly specialized surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse to determine the cause and manner of death and to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present.

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Black January

Black January (Qara Yanvar), also known as Black Saturday or the January Massacre, was a violent crackdown in Baku on January 19–20, 1990, pursuant to a state of emergency during the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

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Colonel general

Colonel general is a specific rank of the senior rank of general.

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Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union

The Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union (Съезд народных депутатов СССР, Syezd narodnykh deputatov SSSR) was the highest body of state authority of the Soviet Union from 1989 to 1991.

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CS gas

The compound 2-chlorobenzalmalononitrile (also called o-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile) (chemical formula: C10H5ClN2), a cyanocarbon, is the defining component of a tear gas commonly referred to as CS gas, which is used as a riot control agent.

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Democratic Republic of Georgia

The Democratic Republic of Georgia (DRG; საქართველოს დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა Sakartvelos Demokratiuli Respublika) existed from May 1918 to February 1921 and was the first modern establishment of a Republic of Georgia.

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Entrenching tool

An entrenching tool, E-tool, or trenching tool is a collapsible spade used by military forces for a variety of military purposes.

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Georgian independence referendum, 1991

An independence referendum was held in Georgia on 31 March 1991.

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Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic

The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic (Georgian SSR; საქართველოს საბჭოთა სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა sakartvelos sabch'ota socialist'uri resp'ublik'a; Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика Gruzinskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika) was one of the republics of the Soviet Union from its inception in 1922 to its breakup in 1991.

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Georgians (tr) are an indigenous Caucasian nation and ethnic group.

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Giorgi Chanturia

Giorgi Chanturia (გიორგი ჭანტურია,; August 19, 1959, Tbilisi - December 3, 1994) was a Georgian politician and the National Democratic Party leader who was murdered in Tbilisi, Georgia in December 1994.

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Igor Rodionov

Igor Nikolayevich Rodionov (Игорь Николаевич Родионов; 1 December 1936 – 19 December 2014) was a Russian general and Duma deputy.

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Ilia II of Georgia

Ilia II (ილია II), also transliterated as Ilya or Elijah (born January 4, 1933), is the current Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia and the spiritual leader of the Georgian Orthodox Church.

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January Events (Lithuania)

The January Events (Sausio įvykiai) took place in Lithuania between January 11 and 13, 1991 in the aftermath of the Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania.

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The Jeltoqsan (Желтоқсан көтерілісі) or "December" of 1986 were riots that took place in Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan, in response to General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev's dismissal of Dinmukhamed Konayev, the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan and an ethnic Kazakh, and the subsequent appointment of Gennady Kolbin, an outsider from the Russian SFSR.

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Jumber Patiashvili

Jumber Patiashvili (ჯუმბერ პატიაშვილი) (born January 5, 1940) is a Georgian politician.

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Merab Kostava

Merab Kostava, 1988 Merab Kostava (მერაბ კოსტავა) (May 26, 1939 – October 13, 1989) was a Georgian dissident, musician and poet; one of the leaders of the National-Liberation movement in Georgia.

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Mikhail Gorbachev

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (a; born 2 March 1931) is a former Soviet statesman.

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Militsiya or militia (mʲɪˈlʲitsɨjə, міліцыя, милиция, milicija, milicja, miliția, milica, милитсия, міліція, militsiya or милиция), often confused with militia, is used as an official name of the civilian police in several former communist states.

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Moscow (or; a) is the capital and the largest city of Russia with 12.2 million residents within the city limits and 16.8 million within the urban area.

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Nervous system

The nervous system is the part of an animal's body that coordinates its voluntary and involuntary actions and transmits signals to and from different parts of its body.

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Novocherkassk massacre

The Novocherkassk massacre refers to events tied to the labor strike of a locomotive building plant in Novocherkassk, a city in the Soviet Union, (now Russia).

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Perestroika (a) was a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the 1980s (1986), widely associated with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and his glasnost (meaning "openness") policy reform.

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Phenacyl chloride

Phenacyl chloride is a substituted acetophenone.

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Public holidays in Georgia

No description.

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Revolutions of 1989

The Revolutions of 1989 were part of a revolutionary wave that resulted in the Fall of Communism in the Communist states of Central and Eastern Europe and beyond.

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Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; r) commonly referred to as Soviet Russia or simply as Russia,Declaration of Rights of the laboring and exploited people, article I was a sovereign state in 1917–22, the largest, most populous, and most economically developed republic of the Soviet Union in 1922–91 and a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with own legislation in 1990–91.

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Rustaveli Avenue

Rustaveli Avenue (რუსთაველის გამზირი, Rust'avelis Gamziri), formerly known as Golovin Street, is the central avenue in Tbilisi named after the medieval Georgian poet, Shota Rustaveli.

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Soviet Army

The Soviet Army (Советская Армия, Sovetskaya Armiya) is the name given to the main land-based branch of the Soviet Armed Forces between February 1946 and December 1991, when it was replaced with the Russian Ground Forces, although it was not taken fully out of service until 25 December 1993.

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Soviet Union

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.

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Specnaz (p), abbreviation for Войска специального назначения, tr. Voyska specialnogo naznacheniya (Special Purpose Forces), is an umbrella term for special forces in Russian and is used in numerous post-Soviet states.

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A stampede is an act of mass impulse among herd animals or a crowd of people in which the herd (or crowd) collectively begins running with no clear direction or purpose.

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Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia

The Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia (საქართველოს რესპუბლიკის უზენაესი საბჭო, sakartvelos respublikis uzenaesi sabcho) was the highest unicameral legislative body in Georgia elected in the first democratic, multiparty elections in the Caucasus on October 28, 1990 while the country was still part of the Soviet Union.

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Tbilisi (თბილისი), formerly known as Tpilisi and Tiflis, is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Mtkvari River with a population of roughly 1.5 million inhabitants.

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Transcaucasian Military District

The Transcaucasian Military District, a military district of the Soviet Armed Forces, traces its history to May 1921 and the incorporation of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia into the USSR.

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Viktor Suvorov

Viktor Suvorov (Ви́ктор Суво́ров, real name Vladimir Bogdanovich Rezun, Влади́мир Богда́нович Резу́н, born April 20, 1947 in Barabash, Primorsky Krai) is a Russian writer, historian and a former Soviet military intelligence officer who defected to the United Kingdom.

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Zviad Gamsakhurdia

Zviad Gamsakhurdia (ზვიად გამსახურდია, tr. Zviad K'onst'ant'ines dze Gamsakhurdia; Звиа́д Константи́нович Гамсаху́рдия, tr. Zviad Konstantinovich Gamsakhurdiya; March 31, 1939 — December 31, 1993) was a dissident, scientist and writer, who became the first democratically elected President of Georgia in the post-Soviet era.

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1956 Georgian demonstrations

The March 1956 demonstrations (also known as the 1956 Tbilisi riots or 9 March massacre) in the Georgian SSR were a series of protests to Nikita Khrushchev's de-Stalinization policy, which shocked Georgian supporters of Marxist-Leninist-Stalinist ideology.

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1978 Georgian demonstrations

14 April 1978 demonstrations in Tbilisi, capital of the Georgian SSR, took place in response to an attempt by the Soviet government to change the constitutional status of languages in Georgia.

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Redirects here:

9 April tragedy, April 9 Tragedy, April 9, 1989 Massacre, Tbilisi Massacre, Tbilisi tragedy.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_9_tragedy

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