26 relations: Acne, Androgen-dependent condition, Antibiotic, Azasteroid, Binding selectivity, Clinical trial, Dihydrotestosterone, Dutasteride, Elevated transaminases, Enzyme inhibitor, Finasteride, Hepatotoxicity, IC50, Minocycline, Oral administration, Organic compound, Pattern hair loss, Placebo, Potency (pharmacology), Sebaceous gland, Semen, SRD5A1, SRD5A2, Steroid, 5α-Reductase, 5α-Reductase inhibitor.
Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin.
An androgen-dependent condition, disease, disorder, or syndrome, is a medical condition that is, in part or full, dependent on, or is sensitive to, the presence of androgenic activity in the body.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
An azasteroid is a type of steroid derivative which has one of the carbon atoms in the steroid ring system replaced by a nitrogen atom.
Binding selectivity is defined with respect to the binding of ligands to a substrate forming a complex.
Clinical trials are experiments or observations done in clinical research.
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT), or 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT), also known as androstanolone or stanolone, is an endogenous androgen sex steroid and hormone.
Dutasteride, sold under the brand name Avodart among others, is a medication used primarily to treat enlarged prostate in men.
In medicine, the presence of elevated transaminases, commonly the transaminases alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST), may be an indicator of liver damage.
4QI9) An enzyme inhibitor is a molecule that binds to an enzyme and decreases its activity.
Finasteride, sold under the brand names Proscar and Propecia among others, is a medication used mainly to treat an enlarged prostate or scalp hair loss in men.
Hepatotoxicity (from hepatic toxicity) implies chemical-driven liver damage.
The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) is a measure of the potency of a substance in inhibiting a specific biological or biochemical function.
Minocycline is a broad-spectrum tetracycline antibiotic, and has a broader spectrum than the other members of the group.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Pattern hair loss, known as male-pattern hair loss (MPHL) when it affects males and female-pattern hair loss (FPHL) when it affects females, is hair loss that primarily affects the top and front of the scalp.
A placebo is a substance or treatment of no intended therapeutic value.
In the field of pharmacology, potency is a measure of drug activity expressed in terms of the amount required to produce an effect of given intensity.
Sebaceous glands are microscopic exocrine glands in the skin that secrete an oily or waxy matter, called sebum, to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair of mammals.
Semen, also known as seminal fluid, is an organic fluid that may contain spermatozoa.
3-oxo-5α-steroid 4-dehydrogenase 1 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the SRD5A1 gene.
3-oxo-5α-steroid 4-dehydrogenase 2 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the SRD5A2 gene.
A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.
5α-reductases, also known as 3-oxo-5α-steroid 4-dehydrogenases, are enzymes involved in steroid metabolism.
5α-Reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs), also known as dihydrotestosterone (DHT) blockers, are a class of medications with antiandrogenic effects which are used primarily in the treatment of enlarged prostate and scalp hair loss.