104 relations: Alkaloid, Allotropes of carbon, Allotropy, Alloy, Amino acid, Ammonium sulfate, Antigen, Atomic theory, Beilstein database, Benzenehexol, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Calcium carbide, Carbide, Carbohydrate, Carbon, Carbon disulfide, Carbon tetrachloride, Carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance, Carbonate, Carbon–carbon bond, Carbon–hydrogen bond, Carborane, Cementite, Chemical Abstracts Service, Chemical compound, Chemical element, Chemistry, Chloroform, Cyanide, Cyanogen, Diamond, DNA, Enzyme, Ethanol, Fat, Fatty acid, Fluoroform, Friedrich Wöhler, Glossary of chemical formulas, Graphite, Graphite intercalation compound, Heteroatom, Hormone, Hydrocarbon, Infrared spectroscopy, Inorganic compound, Insulin, Isoleucine, Lectin, ..., Lipid, List of compounds, Mars, Mass spectrometry, Medicinal chemistry, Mellite, Mellitic acid, Mellitic anhydride, Mesoxalic acid, Metal, Metal carbonyl, Methodology, Natural product, Natural rubber, Neurotransmitter, Nickel tetracarbonyl, Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Nucleic acid, Organic chemistry, Organic synthesis, Organometallic chemistry, Organophosphorus compound, Oxalic acid, Oxide, Oxocarbon, Peptide, Petrochemical, Phosgene, Phosphaalkyne, Phosphorus, Plastic, Polymer, Potassium cyanate, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Protein, Proton nuclear magnetic resonance, PubChem, Reaxys, Salt (chemistry), Small molecule, Spencer L. Seager, Steel, Stereoisomerism, Sugar, Terpenoid, Tetrafluoromethane, Ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy, Urea, Vitalism, Vitamin, Vitamin B12, Wöhler synthesis, X-ray crystallography. Expand index (54 more) » « Shrink index
Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.
Carbon is capable of forming many allotropes due to its valency.
Allotropy or allotropism is the property of some chemical elements to exist in two or more different forms, in the same physical state, known as allotropes of these elements.
An alloy is a combination of metals or of a metal and another element.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Ammonium sulfate (American English and international scientific usage; ammonium sulphate in British English); (NH4)2SO4, is an inorganic salt with a number of commercial uses.
In immunology, an antigen is a molecule capable of inducing an immune response (to produce an antibody) in the host organism.
In chemistry and physics, atomic theory is a scientific theory of the nature of matter, which states that matter is composed of discrete units called atoms.
The Beilstein database is the largest database in the field of organic chemistry, in which compounds are uniquely identified by their Beilstein Registry Number.
Benzenehexol, also called hexahydroxybenzene, is an organic compound with formula C6H6O6 or C6(OH)6.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.
Biotechnology is the broad area of science involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).
Calcium carbide is a chemical compound with the chemical formula of CaC2.
In chemistry, a carbide is a compound composed of carbon and a less electronegative element.
A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
Carbon disulfide is a colorless volatile liquid with the formula CS2.
Carbon tetrachloride, also known by many other names (the most notable being tetrachloromethane, also recognized by the IUPAC, carbon tet in the cleaning industry, Halon-104 in firefighting, and Refrigerant-10 in HVACR) is an organic compound with the chemical formula CCl4.
Carbon-13 (C13)nuclear magnetic resonance (most commonly known as carbon-13 NMR or 13C NMR or sometimes simply referred to as carbon NMR) is the application of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to carbon.
In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt of carbonic acid (H2CO3), characterized by the presence of the carbonate ion, a polyatomic ion with the formula of.
A carbon–carbon bond is a covalent bond between two carbon atoms.
The carbon-hydrogen bond (C–H bond) is a bond between carbon and hydrogen atoms that can be found in many organic compounds.
A carborane is a cluster composed of boron, carbon and hydrogen atoms.
Cementite (or iron carbide) is a compound of iron and carbon, more precisely an intermediate transition metal carbide with the formula Fe3C.
Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) is a division of the American Chemical Society.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
A chemical element is a species of atoms having the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei (that is, the same atomic number, or Z).
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Chloroform, or trichloromethane, is an organic compound with formula CHCl3.
A cyanide is a chemical compound that contains the group C≡N.
Cyanogen is the chemical compound with the formula (CN)2.
Diamond is a solid form of carbon with a diamond cubic crystal structure.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
Fluoroform is the chemical compound with the formula CHF3.
Friedrich Wöhler (31 July 1800 – 23 September 1882) was a German chemist, best known for his synthesis of urea, but also the first to isolate several chemical elements.
This is a list of common chemical compounds with chemical formulas and CAS numbers, indexed by formula.
Graphite, archaically referred to as plumbago, is a crystalline allotrope of carbon, a semimetal, a native element mineral, and a form of coal.
Graphite intercalation compounds (GICs) are complex materials having a formula CXm where the ion Xn+ or Xn− is inserted (intercalated) between the oppositely charged carbon layers.
In chemistry, a heteroatom (from Ancient Greek heteros, "different", + atomos, "uncut") is any atom that is not carbon or hydrogen.
A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Infrared spectroscopy (IR spectroscopy or vibrational spectroscopy) involves the interaction of infrared radiation with matter.
An inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks C-H bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound, but the distinction is not defined or even of particular interest.
Insulin (from Latin insula, island) is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body.
Isoleucine (symbol Ile or I) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Lectins are carbohydrate-binding proteins, macromolecules that are highly specific for sugar moieties of other molecules.
In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
Compounds are organized into the following lists.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
Mass spectrometry (MS) is an analytical technique that ionizes chemical species and sorts the ions based on their mass-to-charge ratio.
Medicinal chemistry and pharmaceutical chemistry are disciplines at the intersection of chemistry, especially synthetic organic chemistry, and pharmacology and various other biological specialties, where they are involved with design, chemical synthesis and development for market of pharmaceutical agents, or bio-active molecules (drugs).
Mellite, also called honeystone, is an unusual mineral being also an organic chemical.
Mellitic acid, also called graphitic acid or benzenehexacarboxylic acid, is an acid first discovered in 1799 by M. H. Klaproth in the mineral mellite (honeystone), which is the aluminium salt of the acid.
Mellitic anhydride, the anhydride of mellitic acid, is an organic compound with the formula C12O9.
Mesoxalic acid, also called oxomalonic acid or ketomalonic acid, is an organic compound with formula C3H2O5 or HO-(C.
A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard when in solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.
Metal carbonyls are coordination complexes of transition metals with carbon monoxide ligands.
Methodology is the systematic, theoretical analysis of the methods applied to a field of study.
A natural product is a chemical compound or substance produced by a living organism—that is, found in nature.
Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.
Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.
Nickel carbonyl (IUPAC name: tetracarbonylnickel) is the organonickel compound with the formula Ni(CO)4.
Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, commonly referred to by chemists as the Blue Book, is a collection of recommendations on organic chemical nomenclature published at irregular intervals by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, most commonly known as NMR spectroscopy or magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), is a spectroscopic technique to observe local magnetic fields around atomic nuclei.
Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or small biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life.
Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.
Organometallic chemistry is the study of organometallic compounds, chemical compounds containing at least one chemical bond between a carbon atom of an organic molecule and a metal, including alkaline, alkaline earth, and transition metals, and sometimes broadened to include metalloids like boron, silicon, and tin, as well.
Organophosphorus compounds are organic compounds containing phosphorus.
Oxalic acid is an organic compound with the formula C2H2O4.
An oxide is a chemical compound that contains at least one oxygen atom and one other element in its chemical formula.
An oxocarbon or oxide of carbon is a chemical compound consisting only of carbon and oxygen.
Peptides (from Gr.: πεπτός, peptós "digested"; derived from πέσσειν, péssein "to digest") are short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide (amide) bonds.
Petrochemicals (also known as petroleum distillates) are chemical products derived from petroleum.
Phosgene is the chemical compound with the formula COCl2.
In chemistry, phosphaalkynes (IUPAC name: alkylidynephosphanes) are organophosphorus compounds that have a phosphorus-carbon triple bond.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
Potassium cyanate is an inorganic compound with the formula KOCN (sometimes denoted KCNO).
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) is the official scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (proton NMR, hydrogen-1 NMR, or 1H NMR) is the application of nuclear magnetic resonance in NMR spectroscopy with respect to hydrogen-1 nuclei within the molecules of a substance, in order to determine the structure of its molecules.
PubChem is a database of chemical molecules and their activities against biological assays.
Reaxys is a web-based tool for the retrieval of chemistry information and data from published literature, including journals and patents.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Within the fields of molecular biology and pharmacology, a small molecule is a low molecular weight (< 900 daltons) organic compound that may regulate a biological process, with a size on the order of 1 nm.
Spencer L. Seager is Professor of Chemistry at Weber State University.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
In stereochemistry, stereoisomers are isomeric molecules that have the same molecular formula and sequence of bonded atoms (constitution), but differ in the three-dimensional orientations of their atoms in space.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
The terpenoids, sometimes called isoprenoids, are a large and diverse class of naturally occurring organic chemicals derived from terpenes.
Tetrafluoromethane, also known as carbon tetrafluoride, is the simplest fluorocarbon (CF4).
Ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy or ultraviolet–visible spectrophotometry (UV–Vis or UV/Vis) refers to absorption spectroscopy or reflectance spectroscopy in the ultraviolet-visible spectral region.
Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.
Vitalism is the belief that "living organisms are fundamentally different from non-living entities because they contain some non-physical element or are governed by different principles than are inanimate things".
A vitamin is an organic molecule (or related set of molecules) which is an essential micronutrient - that is, a substance which an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism - but cannot synthesize it (either at all, or in sufficient quantities), and therefore it must be obtained through the diet.
Vitamin B12, also called cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is involved in the metabolism of every cell of the human body: it is a cofactor in DNA synthesis, and in both fatty acid and amino acid metabolism.
The Wöhler synthesis is the conversion of ammonium cyanate into urea.
X-ray crystallography is a technique used for determining the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline atoms cause a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions.
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