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Menai Strait

Index Menai Strait

The Menai Strait (Afon Menai, the "River Menai") is a narrow stretch of shallow tidal water about long, which separates the island of Anglesey from the mainland of Wales. [1]

69 relations: A5 road (Great Britain), A55 road, Abermenai Point, American Revolutionary War, Angharad ferch Owain, Anglesey, Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, Arfon, Bangor University, Bangor, Gwynedd, Beaumaris, Benthic zone, Box girder bridge, Britannia Bridge, Caernarfon, Caernarfon Castle, Colwyn Bay, Echmarcach mac Ragnaill, Fish trap, Fishing weir, Fort Belan, Fraxinus, Garth Pier, George Mackay Brown, Glacial period, Glannau Porthaethwy, Guttorm Gunnhildsson, Hedera, Heimskringla, HMS Conway (school ship), Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, Irish Sea, Limestone, Liverpool and North Wales Steamship Company, Llandudno, Llanfairpwllgwyngyll, Magnus (novel), Magnus Erlendsson, Earl of Orkney, Marine nature reserve, Menai Bridge, Menai Strait fish weirs, Menai Suspension Bridge, MV Balmoral, Norse–Gaels, Oak, Olaf II of Norway, Opera, Orkneyinga saga, Penmaenmawr, Peter Maxwell Davies, ..., Pleistocene, Psalms, Puffin Island (Anglesey), Robert Stephenson, Scheduled monument, Site of Special Scientific Interest, Sponge, Strait, Swellies, The Martyrdom of St Magnus, Tide, Training ship, Vikings, Wales, Welsh language, Whirlpool, Wrought iron, Y Felinheli, Ynys Gored Goch. Expand index (19 more) »

A5 road (Great Britain)

The A5 London Holyhead Trunk Road is a major road in England and Wales.

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A55 road

The A55, also known as the North Wales Expressway (Welsh: Gwibffordd Gogledd Cymru) is a major road in Britain.

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Abermenai Point

Abermenai Point (Welsh: Pwynt Abermenai) is a headland in the southeast of the island of Anglesey in Wales.

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American Revolutionary War

The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.

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Angharad ferch Owain

Angharad ferch Owain (1065–1162) was the wife of Gruffudd ap Cynan, a king of Gwynedd.

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Anglesey

Anglesey (Ynys Môn) is an island situated on the north coast of Wales with an area of.

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Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty

An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is an area of countryside in England, Wales or Northern Ireland which has been designated for conservation due to its significant landscape value.

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Arfon

Arfon, from the Welsh for "Facing Anglesey", refers to the southern shore of the Menai Strait, the part of mainland Wales closest to the island of Anglesey.

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Bangor University

Bangor University (Prifysgol Bangor) is a university in Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales.

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Bangor, Gwynedd

Bangor is a city in Gwynedd, northwest Wales.

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Beaumaris

Beaumaris (Biwmares) is a former royal borough, a community, and the former county town of Anglesey, Wales.

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Benthic zone

The benthic zone is the ecological region at the lowest level of a body of water such as an ocean or a lake, including the sediment surface and some sub-surface layers.

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Box girder bridge

A box girder bridge is a bridge in which the main beams comprise girders in the shape of a hollow box.

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Britannia Bridge

Britannia Bridge (Pont Britannia) is a bridge across the Menai Strait between the island of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales.

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Caernarfon

Caernarfon is a royal town, community, and port in Gwynedd, Wales, with a population of 9,615.

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Caernarfon Castle

Caernarfon Castle (Castell Caernarfon), often anglicized as Carnarvon Castle, is a medieval fortress in Caernarfon, Gwynedd, north-west Wales cared for by Cadw, the Welsh Government's historic environment service.

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Colwyn Bay

Colwyn Bay (Bae Colwyn) is a town, community and seaside resort in Conwy County Borough on the north coast of Wales overlooking the Irish Sea.

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Echmarcach mac Ragnaill

Echmarcach mac Ragnaill (died 1064/1065) was a dominant figure in the eleventh-century Irish Sea region.

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Fish trap

A fish trap is a trap used for fishing.

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Fishing weir

A fishing weir, fish weir, fishgarth or kiddle is an obstruction placed in tidal waters, or wholly or partially across a river, to direct the passage of, or trap fish.

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Fort Belan

Fort Belan (alternative: Belan Fort; pronounced: Bell-ann) is a coastal fortress in North Wales.

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Fraxinus

Fraxinus, English name ash, is a genus of flowering plants in the olive and lilac family, Oleaceae.

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Garth Pier

Garth Pier is a Grade II listed structure in Bangor, Gwynedd, North Wales.

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George Mackay Brown

George Mackay Brown (17 October 1921 – 13 April 1996) was a Scottish poet, author and dramatist, whose work has a distinctly Orcadian character.

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Glacial period

A glacial period (alternatively glacial or glaciation) is an interval of time (thousands of years) within an ice age that is marked by colder temperatures and glacier advances.

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Glannau Porthaethwy

Glannau Porthaethwy is a designated Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) along the northern shore of the Menai Strait in North Wales.

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Guttorm Gunnhildsson

Guttorm Gunnhildsson was a Norwegian Viking who was active in the Irish Sea region in the eleventh century.

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Hedera

Hedera, commonly called ivy (plural ivies), is a genus of 12–15 species of evergreen climbing or ground-creeping woody plants in the family Araliaceae, native to western, central and southern Europe, Macaronesia, northwestern Africa and across central-southern Asia east to Japan and Taiwan.

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Heimskringla

Heimskringla is the best known of the Old Norse kings' sagas.

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HMS Conway (school ship)

HMS Conway was a naval training school or "school ship", founded in 1859 and housed for most of her life aboard a 19th-century wooden ship of the line.

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Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson

Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy.

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Irish Sea

The Irish Sea (Muir Éireann / An Mhuir Mheann, Y Keayn Yernagh, Erse Sea, Muir Èireann, Ulster-Scots: Airish Sea, Môr Iwerddon) separates the islands of Ireland and Great Britain; linked to the Celtic Sea in the south by St George's Channel, and to the Inner Seas off the West Coast of Scotland in the north by the Straits of Moyle.

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Limestone

Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.

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Liverpool and North Wales Steamship Company

The Liverpool and North Wales Steamship Company (LNWSSC) is a pleasure cruise company, based in Liverpool.

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Llandudno

Llandudno is a seaside resort, town and community in Conwy County Borough, Wales, located on the Creuddyn peninsula, which protrudes into the Irish Sea.

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Llanfairpwllgwyngyll

Llanfairpwllgwyngyll or Llanfair Pwllgwyngyll (pronounced) is a large village and unincorporated community on the island of Anglesey in Wales, on the Menai Strait next to the Britannia Bridge and across the strait from Bangor.

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Magnus (novel)

Magnus is a novel by the Orcadian author George Mackay Brown.

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Magnus Erlendsson, Earl of Orkney

Saint Magnus Erlendsson, Earl of Orkney, sometimes known as Magnus the Martyr, was Earl of Orkney from 1106 to about 1115.

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Marine nature reserve

Marine nature reserve (MNR) is a conservation designation officially awarded by a government to a marine reserve of national significance.

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Menai Bridge

Menai Bridge (Porthaethwy; usually referred to colloquially as Y Borth) is a small town and community on the Isle of Anglesey in north-west Wales.

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Menai Strait fish weirs

The fast-flowing tidal waters of the Menai Strait which separate Anglesey from the rest of North Wales have throughout history provided a valuable source of fish.

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Menai Suspension Bridge

The Menai Suspension Bridge (Pont Grog y Borth) is a suspension bridge to carry road traffic between the island of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales.

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MV Balmoral

MV Balmoral is a vintage excursion ship owned by the MV Balmoral Fund Ltd., a preservation charity.

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Norse–Gaels

The Norse–Gaels (Gall-Goídil; Irish: Gall-Ghaeil; Gall-Ghàidheil, 'foreigner-Gaels') were a people of mixed Gaelic and Norse ancestry and culture.

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Oak

An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus (Latin "oak tree") of the beech family, Fagaceae.

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Olaf II of Norway

Olaf II Haraldsson (995 – 29 July 1030), later known as St.

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Opera

Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.

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Orkneyinga saga

The Orkneyinga saga (also called the History of the Earls of Orkney and Jarls' Saga) is an historical narrative of the history of the Orkney and Shetland islands and their relationship with other local polities, particularly Norway and Scotland.

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Penmaenmawr

Penmaenmawr is a town and community in Conwy County Borough, Wales, which was formerly in the parish of Dwygyfylchi.

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Peter Maxwell Davies

Sir Peter Maxwell Davies (8 September 1934 – 14 March 2016) was an English composer and conductor.

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Pleistocene

The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.

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Psalms

The Book of Psalms (תְּהִלִּים or, Tehillim, "praises"), commonly referred to simply as Psalms or "the Psalms", is the first book of the Ketuvim ("Writings"), the third section of the Hebrew Bible, and a book of the Christian Old Testament.

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Puffin Island (Anglesey)

Puffin Island (Ynys Seiriol) (at or) is an uninhabited island off the eastern tip of Anglesey, Wales.

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Robert Stephenson

Robert Stephenson FRS (16 October 1803 – 12 October 1859) was an early railway and civil engineer.

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Scheduled monument

In the United Kingdom, a scheduled monument is a "nationally important" archaeological site or historic building, given protection against unauthorised change.

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Site of Special Scientific Interest

A Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) in Great Britain or an Area of Special Scientific Interest (ASSI) in the Isle of Man and Northern Ireland is a conservation designation denoting a protected area in the United Kingdom and Isle of Man.

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Sponge

Sponges, the members of the phylum Porifera (meaning "pore bearer"), are a basal Metazoa clade as sister of the Diploblasts.

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Strait

A strait is a naturally formed, narrow, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water.

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Swellies

The Swellies (or Swillies - Welsh: Pwll Ceris) is a stretch of the Menai Strait in North Wales.

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The Martyrdom of St Magnus

The Martyrdom of St Magnus is a chamber opera in one act (with nine scenes) by the British composer Peter Maxwell Davies.

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Tide

Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of Earth.

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Training ship

A training ship is a ship used to train students as sailors.

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Vikings

Vikings (Old English: wicing—"pirate", Danish and vikinger; Swedish and vikingar; víkingar, from Old Norse) were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of northern, central, eastern and western Europe, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.

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Wales

Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.

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Welsh language

Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.

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Whirlpool

A whirlpool is a body of swirling water produced by the meeting of opposing currents.

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Wrought iron

puddled iron, a form of wrought iron Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon (less than 0.08%) content in contrast to cast iron (2.1% to 4%).

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Y Felinheli

Y Felinheli, formerly known in English as Port Dinorwic, is a village, community and electoral ward beside the Menai Strait (Y Fenai or Afon Menai) between Bangor and Caernarfon in Gwynedd, north-west Wales.

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Ynys Gored Goch

Ynys Gored Goch ("Red Weir Island"), sometimes Ynys Gorad Goch, is a small island in the Menai Strait between Gwynedd and Anglesey in north Wales.

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Redirects here:

Afon Menai, Menai Straits, River Menai.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menai_Strait

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