344 relations: A minor, Academy of Ancient Music, Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Agnes Baltsa, Agnus Dei (music), Alastair Miles, Alexander Pushkin, Alto, Amadeus, Amadeus (film), Amen, Ann Murray, Anna Tomowa-Sintow, Anne Sofie von Otter, Annette Markert, Anthony Rolfe Johnson, Anton Dermota, Antonio Greco, Antonio Salieri, Arleen Auger, Arnold Schoenberg Choir, Arpeggio, Arthaus (video label), Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Éditions de l'Oiseau-Lyre, B-flat major, Bach-Collegium Stuttgart, Baden bei Wien, Barbara Bonney, Barbara Krafft, Barbara Scherler, Baroque music, Bass (voice type), Basset horn, Bassoon, Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Berlin Philharmonic, Bernarda Fink, Bratislava, Breitkopf & Härtel, Bruno Walter, Brussels, Bryn Terfel, Cadence (music), Canon (music), Carl Czerny, Carolyn Watkinson, Catherine Robbin, Cecilia Bartoli, ..., Cello, Cesare Siepi, Choir, Christa Ludwig, Christine Schäfer, Christoph Prégardien, Christoph Spering, Christoph Wolff, Clarinet, Claudia Schubert, Coloratura, Communion (chant), Concentus Musicus Wien, Constanze Mozart, Contralto, Counter-melody, Counterpoint, D major, D minor, Da capo, Daniel Sans, David Rendall, David Thomas (singer), Death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Decca Records, Delores Ziegler, Der Messias, Deutsche Grammophon, Deutsche Harmonia Mundi, Diatonic and chromatic, Dies irae, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Dominant (music), Doris Soffel, Dotted note, Double bass, Dunedin Consort, Dynamics (music), E-flat major, Edith Mathis, Elisabeth Höngen, Elly Ameling, Emma Kirkby, English Baroque Soloists, English Chamber Orchestra, Erato, Expo 58, Exposition (music), F major, Fermata, Figured bass, Francisco Araiza, Franz Crass, Franz Liszt, Franz von Suppé, Franz von Walsegg, Franz Xaver Niemetschek, Franz Xaver Süssmayr, Frederick Guthrie, Fugue, G minor, G. Schirmer, Inc., Gächinger Kantorei, Georg Nikolaus von Nissen, George Frideric Handel, George Shirley, Gerald Finley, Gerd Nienstedt, Gerd Türk, Gerhild Romberger, Gertrude Pitzinger, God, Gottfried van Swieten, Gottlob Frick, Grace Bumbry, Gramophone (magazine), Gramophone Classical Music Awards, Gulbenkian Orchestra, Gwynne Howell, H. C. Robbins Landon, H2g2, Hanno Müller-Brachmann, Hans Peter Blochwitz, Harmonia Mundi, Händel-Werke-Verzeichnis, Heather Harper, Helen Donath, Helen Watts, Hell, Helmut Krebs, Hemiola, Hertha Töpper, Herva Nelli, Hilde Gueden, Hilde Rössel-Majdan, Homophony, Hosanna, Ian Bostridge, Ileana Cotrubaș, Introduction (music), Introit, Inversion (music), Ira Malaniuk, Irmgard Seefried, Jan Peerce, Jan-Hendrik Rootering, Janet Baker, Jaroslava Maxová, Jerry Hadley, Johann Friedrich Rochlitz, John Alldis, John Butt (musician), John Mark Ainsley, John Shirley-Quirk, John van Kesteren, José van Dam, Josef Greindl, Joseph Leopold Eybler, Jozef Kundlák, Julia Hamari, Julius Patzak, Karita Mattila, Karl Klindworth, Karl Ridderbusch, Kathleen Battle, Köchel catalogue, Keith Lewis, Key (music), Kim Borg, Klaus Mertens, Krisztina Laki, Kurt Böhme, Kurt Equiluz, Kurt Streit, Kyrie, Kyrie in D minor, K. 341, L'arpa festante, La Capella Reial de Catalunya, La Chapelle Royale, La clemenza di Tito, Lacrimosa (Requiem), Last Judgment, Le Concert des Nations, Legato, Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, Les Arts Florissants (ensemble), Linn Records, Lisa Della Casa, Literary topos, London Classical Players, Ludwig Weber, Lynne Dawson, Magda László, Magdaléna Hajóssyová, Margaret Price, Maria Ewing, Maria Stader, Maria von Ilosvay, Marie McLaughlin, Marilyn Horne, Marjana Lipovšek, Mass in C major, K. 220 "Sparrow", Matti Salminen, Münchener Bach-Chor, Meine Seel erhebt den Herren, BWV 10, Meine Seele erhebt den Herren, Melisma, Messiah (Handel), Metre (music), Michael (archangel), Michael Haydn, Michael Lorenz (musicologist), Michael Schade, Modern completions of Mozart's Requiem, Modulation (music), Monica Groop, Monteverdi Choir, Montserrat Figueras, Movement (music), Mozart and Salieri (play), Murray Dickie, Music for the Requiem Mass, Muzio Clementi, Naïve Records, Nan Merriman, Nancy Argenta, Nathalie Stutzmann, Nathan Berg, Naxos Records, NBC Symphony Orchestra, NDR Chor, NDR Elbphilharmonie Orchestra, Nicolai Gedda, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Norman Scott (bass), Offertory, Oralia Domínguez, Orchestration, Orchestre de Paris, Ornament (music), Ortrun Wenkel, Pedal point, Peter Pears, Peter Schreier, Peter Shaffer, Petre Munteanu, Philharmonia Chorus, Philharmonia Orchestra, Philips Records, Phrase (music theory), Pipe organ, Prater, Rachel Yakar, Recapitulation (music), Relative key, Renaud de Vilbac, René Pape, Requiem, Requiem (Michael Haydn), Richard Holm (tenor), Robert D. Levin, Robert Holl, Robert Lloyd (bass), Robert Shaw Chorale, Robert Tear, Roger Soyer, Rosette Anday, Ryland Davies, Salzburg Festival, Sanctus, Sara Mingardo, SATB, Sena Jurinac, Sequence (musical form), Sheila Armstrong (singer), Sibylla Rubens, Siegfried Jerusalem, Siegmund Nimsgern, Simon Estes, Slovak Philharmonic, Sonata form, Sony, Soprano, Sotto voce (music), Staatskapelle Dresden, Stephan Schreckenberger, Steve Davislim, Subdominant, Subject (music), Submediant, Swedish Radio Choir, Syncopation, Telarc International Corporation, Teldec, Tempo, Tenor, Teresa Żylis-Gara, Teresa Stich-Randall, The Magic Flute, The Ways of Zion Do Mourn / Funeral Anthem for Queen Caroline, The Well-Tempered Clavier, Theo Adam, Thomas Quasthoff, Timpani, Tom Krause, Transcription (music), Tremolo, Triad (music), Triple metre, Trombone, Trudeliese Schmidt, Trumpet, Types of trombone, Ugo Benelli, University of California Press, Vienna Philharmonic, Vienna State Opera, Vienna Symphony, Vinson Cole, Viola, Violin, Waldemar Kmentt, Walter Berry (bass-baritone), WDR Symphony Orchestra Cologne, Werner Krenn, Wiener Singakademie, Wiener Singverein, Wiesław Ochman, Willard White, Wilma Lipp, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Yvonne Minton, Zdeněk Košler. 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A minor is a minor scale based on A, with the pitches A, B, C, D, E, F, and G. Its key signature has no flats and no sharps.
The Academy of Ancient Music (AAM) is a period-instrument orchestra based in Cambridge, England.
The Academy of St Martin in the Fields (ASMF) is an English chamber orchestra, based in London.
Agni Baltsa (Aγνή Mπάλτσα; also known as Agnes Baltsa; born 19 November 1944) is a leading Greek mezzo-soprano singer.
Agnus Dei, referring to the Christian theological concept of the Lamb of God and the associated liturgical text from the Roman Catholic Latin Mass, has been set to music by many composers, as it is normally one of the movements or sections in a sung Mass setting.
Alastair Miles (born 11 July 1961, Harrow, England) is a British operatic and concert bass who has had an international career since the late 1980s.
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (a) was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic eraBasker, Michael.
The musical term alto, meaning "high" in Italian (Latin: altus), refers to the second highest part of a contrapuntal musical texture and is also applied to its associated vocal range, especially in choral music.
Amadeus is a play by Peter Shaffer, which gives a highly fictionalized account of the lives of the composers Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Antonio Salieri.
Amadeus is a 1984 American period drama film directed by Miloš Forman, adapted by Peter Shaffer from his stage play Amadeus.
The word amen (Hebrew אָמֵן, Greek ἀμήν, Arabic آمِينَ) is a declaration of affirmation found in the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament.
Ann Murray, DBE (born 27 August 1949) is an Irish mezzo-soprano.
Anna Tomowa-Sintow (Анна Томова-Синтова, by official transliteration Anna Tomova-Sintova, born September 22, 1941, in Stara Zagora, Bulgaria) is a Bulgarian soprano who has sung to great acclaim in all the major opera houses around the world in a repertoire that includes Mozart, Rossini, Verdi, Puccini, Wagner, and Strauss.
Anne Sofie von Otter (born 9 May 1955) is a Swedish mezzo-soprano.
Annette Markert (born in Kaltensundheim, Thuringia) is a German classical mezzo-soprano and alto.
Anthony Rolfe Johnson (5 November 1940 – 21 July 2010) was an English operatic tenor.
Kammersänger Anton Dermota (June 4, 1910 – June 22, 1989) was a Slovene tenor.
Antonio Greco (born September 17, 1923) is a Bolivian former footballer who played as a defender.
Antonio Salieri (18 August 17507 May 1825) was an Italian classical composer, conductor, and teacher.
Joyce Arleen Auger (September 13, 1939 – June 10, 1993) was an American soprano, admired for her coloratura voice and interpretations of works by Bach, Handel, Haydn, Monteverdi, Gluck, and Mozart.
The Arnold Schoenberg Choir (Arnold Schoenberg Chor) is a Viennese/Austrian choir which was founded 1972 by Erwin Ortner, who is still its artistic director.
A broken chord is a chord broken into a sequence of notes.
Arthaus is a major German producer of art films and classical music DVDs founded in 1994.
The Atlanta Symphony Orchestra (ASO) is an American orchestra based in Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
Éditions de l'Oiseau-Lyre (commonly referred to as L'Oiseau-Lyre) is a French music publishing company and a classical music record label that specialises in Early and Baroque music.
In music theory, Bflat major is a major scale based on flat, with pitches B, C, D, flat, F, G, and A. Its key signature has two flats.
Bach-Collegium Stuttgart is an internationally known German instrumental ensemble, founded by Helmuth Rilling in 1965 to accompany the Gächinger Kantorei in choral music with orchestra.
Baden (German for "Baths"), unofficially distinguished from other Badens as Baden bei Wien (Baden near Vienna), is a spa town in Austria.
Barbara Bonney (born April 14, 1956) is an American soprano.
Barbara Krafft, née Steiner, (1 April 1764 – 28 September 1825) was an Austrian painter, most remembered today for her widely reproduced posthumous portrait of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Barbara Scherler (born 20 January 1933) is a German classical mezzo-soprano and contralto singer in opera and concert.
Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.
A bass is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types.
The basset horn (sometimes written basset-horn) is a musical instrument, a member of the clarinet family.
The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor clefs, and occasionally the treble.
The Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra (Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks) is based in Munich, Germany, one of two full-size symphony orchestras operated under the auspices of Bayerischer Rundfunk, or Bavarian Broadcasting (BR).
The BBC Symphony Orchestra (BBC SO) is a British orchestra based in London.
The Berlin Philharmonic (Berliner Philharmoniker) is a German orchestra based in Berlin.
Bernarda Fink Inzko (born 29 August 1955) is an Argentine mezzo-soprano.
Bratislava (Preßburg or Pressburg, Pozsony) is the capital of Slovakia.
Breitkopf & Härtel is the world's oldest music publishing house.
Bruno Walter (born Bruno Schlesinger, September 15, 1876February 17, 1962) was a German-born conductor, pianist and composer.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Sir Bryn Terfel Jones, (born 9 November 1965) is a Welsh bass-baritone opera and concert singer.
In Western musical theory, a cadence (Latin cadentia, "a falling") is "a melodic or harmonic configuration that creates a sense of resolution."Don Michael Randel (1999).
In music, a canon is a contrapuntal (counterpoint-based) compositional technique that employs a melody with one or more imitations of the melody played after a given duration (e.g., quarter rest, one measure, etc.). The initial melody is called the leader (or dux), while the imitative melody, which is played in a different voice, is called the follower (or comes).
Carl Czerny (21 February 17919 August 1857) was an Austrian composer, teacher, and pianist of Czech origin whose vast musical production amounted to over a thousand works.
The English mezzo-soprano Carolyn Watkinson (born 19 March 1949) is a well-known singer of baroque music.
Catherine Robbin (born September 28, 1950) is a Canadian mezzo-soprano.
Cecilia Bartoli, Cavaliere OMRI (born 4 June 1966) is an Italian coloratura mezzo-soprano opera singer and recitalist.
The cello (plural cellos or celli) or violoncello is a string instrument.
Cesare Siepi (10 February 19235 July 2010) was an Italian opera singer, generally considered to have been one of the finest basses of the post-war period.
A choir (also known as a quire, chorale or chorus) is a musical ensemble of singers.
Christa Ludwig (born 16 March 1928) is a retired German dramatic mezzo-soprano, distinguished for her performances of opera, Lieder, oratorio, and other major religious works like masses and passions, and solos contained in symphonic literature.
Christine Schäfer (born March 3, 1965) is a German soprano.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Christoph Prégardien (born 18 January 1956) is a German lyric tenor whose career is closely associated with the roles in Mozart operas, as well as performances of Lieder, oratorio roles, and Baroque music.
Christoph Spering (23 June 1959 in Simmern) is a German conductor of classical music, especially church music.
Christoph Wolff (born May 24, 1940) is a German-born musicologist.
The clarinet is a musical-instrument family belonging to the group known as the woodwind instruments.
Claudia Schubert is a German mezzo-soprano concert singer.
The word coloratura is originally from Italian, literally meaning "coloring", and derives from the Latin word colorare ("to color").
The Communion (communio; κοινωνικόν, koinonikon) is a refrain sung with psalm recitation during the distribution of the Eucharist in the Divine Liturgy or Mass.
Concentus Musicus Wien (CMW) is an Austrian baroque music ensemble based in Vienna.
Maria Constanze Cäcilia Josepha Johanna Aloysia Mozart (née Weber) (5 January 1762 – 6 March 1842) was an Austrian woman who trained as a singer.
A contralto is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range is the lowest female voice type.
In music, a counter-melody (often countermelody) is a sequence of notes, perceived as a melody, written to be played simultaneously with a more prominent lead melody; a secondary melody played in counterpoint with the primary melody.
In music, counterpoint is the relationship between voices that are harmonically interdependent (polyphony) yet independent in rhythm and contour.
D major (or the key of D) is a major scale based on D, consisting of the pitches D, E, sharp, G, A, B, and sharp.
D minor is a minor scale based on D, consisting of the pitches D, E, F, G, A, flat, and C. Its key signature has one flat.
Da capo,, is an Italian musical term that means "from the beginning" (literally, "from the head").
Daniel Sans (born 1975) is a German tenor.
David Rendall (born 11 October 1948) is an English operatic tenor.
Bass David Thomas was a member of the choir of King's College, Cambridge.
The composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died on 5 December 1791 at the age of 35.
Decca Records is a British record label established in 1929 by Edward Lewis.
Delores Ziegler (born 4 September 1951) is an American mezzo-soprano who has had an active international performance career since the late 1970s.
Der Messias, K. 572, is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's 1789 German-language version of Messiah, George Frideric Handel's 1741 oratorio.
Deutsche Grammophon is a German classical music record label that was the precursor of corporation called PolyGram.
Deutsche Harmonia Mundi (founded 1958) is a German classical music record label.
Diatonic (διατονική) and chromatic (χρωματική) are terms in music theory that are most often used to characterize scales, and are also applied to musical instruments, intervals, chords, notes, musical styles, and kinds of harmony.
("Day of Wrath") is a Latin hymn attributed to either Thomas of Celano of the Franciscans (1200 – c. 1265) or to Latino Malabranca Orsini (d. 1294), lector at the Dominican studium at Santa Sabina, the forerunner of the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, ''Angelicum'' in Rome.
Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (28 May 1925 – 18 May 2012) was a German lyric baritone and conductor of classical music, one of the most famous Lieder (art song) performers of the post-war period, best known as a singer of Franz Schubert's Lieder, particularly "Winterreise" of which his recordings with accompanist Gerald Moore and Jörg Demus are still critically acclaimed half a century after their release.
In music, the dominant is the fifth scale degree of the diatonic scale, called "dominant" because it is next in importance to the tonic, and a dominant chord is any chord built upon that pitch, using the notes of the same diatonic scale.
Doris Soffel (born 12 May 1948, Hechingen, Germany) is a German mezzo-soprano.
In Western musical notation, a dotted note is a note with a small dot written after it.
The double bass, or simply the bass (and numerous other names), is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.
The Dunedin Consort is a Baroque ensemble based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
In music, the dynamics of a piece is the variation in loudness between notes or phrases.
E-flat major (or the key of E-flat) is a major scale based on flat, with the pitches flat, F, G, flat, flat, C, and D. Its key signature has three flats: B, E, and A. Its relative minor is C minor, while its parallel minor is flat minor (or enharmonically sharp minor).
Edith Mathis (born 11 February 1938) is a Swiss soprano and a leading exponent of the works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart worldwide.
Elisabeth Höngen (7 December 1906 – 7 August 1997) was a German operatic mezzo-soprano and singing-actress.
Elisabeth Sara "Elly" Ameling (born 8 February 1933) is a Dutch soprano who was particularly known internationally for lieder recitals and for singing works by Johann Sebastian Bach.
Dame Carolyn Emma Kirkby, (born 26 February 1949) is an English soprano and one of the world's most renowned early music specialists.
The English Baroque Soloists is a chamber orchestra playing on period instruments, formed in 1978 by English conductor Sir John Eliot Gardiner.
The English Chamber Orchestra (ECO) is a British chamber orchestra based in London.
In Greek mythology, Erato (Ancient Greek: Ἐρατώ) is one of the Greek Muses.
Expo 58, also known as the Brussels World’s Fair (Brusselse Wereldtentoonstelling, Exposition Universelle et Internationale de Bruxelles), was held from 17 April to 19 October 1958.
In musical form and analysis, exposition is the initial presentation of the thematic material of a musical composition, movement, or section.
F major (or the key of F) is a major scale based on F, with the pitches F, G, A, flat, C, D, and E. Its key signature has one flat: B. Its relative minor is D minor and its parallel minor is F minor.
A fermata ("from fermare, to stay, or stop"; also known as a hold, pause, colloquially a birdseye or cyclops eye, or as a grand pause when placed on a note or a rest) is a symbol of musical notation indicating that the note should be prolonged beyond the normal duration its note value would indicate.
Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of musical notation in which numerals and symbols (often accidentals) indicate intervals, chords, and non-chord tones that a musician playing piano, harpsichord, organ, lute (or other instruments capable of playing chords) play in relation to the bass note that these numbers and symbols appear above or below.
José Francisco Araiza Andrade (born 4 October 1950), is a Mexican operatic tenor and lied singer who has sung as soloist in leading concert halls and in leading tenor operatic roles in the major opera houses of Europe and North America during the course of a lengthy career.
Franz Crass (9 March 192823 June 2012) was a German bass singer.
Franz Liszt (Liszt Ferencz, in modern usage Liszt Ferenc;Liszt's Hungarian passport spelt his given name as "Ferencz". An orthographic reform of the Hungarian language in 1922 (which was 36 years after Liszt's death) changed the letter "cz" to simply "c" in all words except surnames; this has led to Liszt's given name being rendered in modern Hungarian usage as "Ferenc". From 1859 to 1867 he was officially Franz Ritter von Liszt; he was created a Ritter (knight) by Emperor Francis Joseph I in 1859, but never used this title of nobility in public. The title was necessary to marry the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein without her losing her privileges, but after the marriage fell through, Liszt transferred the title to his uncle Eduard in 1867. Eduard's son was Franz von Liszt. 22 October 181131 July 1886) was a prolific 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, organist, philanthropist, author, nationalist and a Franciscan tertiary during the Romantic era.
Franz von Suppé or Francesco Suppé Demelli (18 April 181921 May 1895) was an Austrian composer of light operas and other theatre music.
Count Franz von Walsegg (January 17, 1763 – November 11, 1827) was an aristocrat, living in Stuppach Castle near Gloggnitz, who is best remembered for having commissioned a requiem mass from Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1791 following the death of his twenty-year-old wife Anna (the grieving count, only 28 himself at the time, would never remarry).
Franz Xaver Niemetschek (František Xaver Němeček; Niemeczek) (24 July 1766 – 19 March 1849) was a Czech philosopher, teacher and music critic.
Franz Xaver Süssmayr (German: Franz Xaver Süßmayr or Suessmayr in English; 1766 – September 17, 1803) was an Austrian composer and conductor.
Prof Frederick Guthrie FRS FRSE (15 October 1833 – 21 October 1886) was a British physicist and chemist and academic author.
In music, a fugue is a contrapuntal compositional technique in two or more voices, built on a subject (a musical theme) that is introduced at the beginning in imitation (repetition at different pitches) and which recurs frequently in the course of the composition.
G minor is a minor scale based on G, consisting of the pitches G, A, flat, C, D, Eflat, and F. Its key signature has two flats.
Gächinger Kantorei (Gächingen Chorale) is an internationally known German mixed choir, founded by Helmuth Rilling in 1954 in Gächingen (part of St. Johann close to Reutlingen) and conducted by him until 2013, succeeded by Hans-Christoph Rademann.
Georg Nikolaus von Nissen (sometimes Nicolaus or Nicolai; January 22, 1761 – March 24, 1826) was a Danish diplomat and music historian.
George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (born italic; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German, later British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.
George Irving Shirley (born April 18, 1934) is an American operatic tenor, and was the first African-American tenor to perform a leading role at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City.
Gerald Hunter Finley, (born January 30, 1960) is a Canadian baritone opera singer.
Gerd Nienstedt (10 July 1932 – 14 August 1993) was a German and Austrian opera singer, bass and bass-baritone.
Gerd Türk is a German classical tenor.
Gerhild Romberger is a German mezzo-soprano and contralto concert singer.
Gertrude Pitzinger (15 August 1904 – 15 September 1997) was a German contralto appearing in concert, especially singing Lieder.
In monotheistic thought, God is conceived of as the Supreme Being and the principal object of faith.
Gottfried, Freiherr van Swieten (October 29, 1733 – March 29, 1803) was a Dutch-born Austrian diplomat, librarian, and government official who served the Austrian Empire during the 18th century.
Gottlob Frick (28 July 1906 in Ölbronn-Dürrn – 18 August 1994 in Muhlacker) was a German bass who sang in opera.
Grace Melzia Bumbry (born January 4, 1937), an American opera singer, is considered one of the leading mezzo-sopranos of her generation, as well as a major soprano for many years.
Gramophone is a magazine published monthly in London devoted to classical music, particularly to reviews of recordings.
The Gramophone Classical Music Awards, launched in 1977, are one of the most significant honours bestowed on recordings in the classical record industry.
The Gulbenkian Orchestra (Orquestra Gulbenkian) is a Portuguese symphony orchestra based in Lisbon.
Gwynne Howell (born 13 June 1938) is a Welsh operatic bass, known particularly for his performances of Verdi and Wagner roles.
Howard Chandler Robbins Landon (March 6, 1926November 20, 2009) was an American musicologist, journalist, historian and broadcaster, best known for his work in rediscovering the huge body of neglected music by Haydn and in correcting misunderstandings about Mozart.
The h2g2 website is a British-based collaborative online encyclopedia project.
Hanno Müller-Brachmann (born 1970) is a German bass-baritone who made an international career in both opera and concert.
Hans Peter Blochwitz (born 28 September 1949) is a German lyric tenor, who is known internationally in opera and concert, especially for singing parts in Mozart operas.
Harmonia Mundi is an independent record label which specializes in classical music, jazz, and world music (on the World Village label).
The Händel-Werke-Verzeichnis (abbreviated as HWV) is the Catalogue of Handel's Works.
Heather Harper CBE (born 8 May 1930) is an operatic soprano from Northern Ireland.
Helen Jeanette Donath (née Erwin; born July 10, 1940) is an American soprano with a career spanning fifty years.
Helen Watts CBE (7 December 19277 October 2009) was a Welsh contralto.
Hell, in many religious and folkloric traditions, is a place of torment and punishment in the afterlife.
Helmut Krebs (October 8, 1913 in Dortmund – August 30, 2007 in Berlin) was a distinguished German tenor in opera and concert, who sang a wide range of roles from Baroque to contemporary works.
In music, hemiola (also hemiolia) is the ratio 3:2.
Hertha Töpper (born 19 April 1924 in Graz) is an Austrian contralto opera singer.
Herva Nelli (January 9, 1909May 31, 1994) was an Italian-born operatic soprano.
The Austrian soprano Hilde Gueden, or Güden (September 15, 1917 – September 17, 1988) was one of the most appreciated Straussian and Mozartian sopranos of her day.
Hilde Rössel-Majdan (30 January 1921 – 15 December 2010) was an Austrian contralto in opera and concert.
In music, homophony (Greek: ὁμόφωνος, homóphōnos, from ὁμός, homós, "same" and φωνή, phōnē, "sound, tone") is a texture in which a primary part is supported by one or more additional strands that flesh out the harmony and often provide rhythmic contrast.
Hosanna is a liturgical word in Judaism and Christianity.
Ian Charles Bostridge CBE (born 25 December 1964) is an English tenor, well known for his performances as an opera and lieder singer.
Ileana Cotrubaș (born June 9, 1939) is a Romanian opera soprano whose career spanned from the 1960s to the 1980s.
In music, the introduction is a passage or section which opens a movement or a separate piece, preceding the theme or lyrics.
The Introit (from Latin: introitus, "entrance") is part of the opening of the liturgical celebration of the Eucharist for many Christian denominations.
There are inverted chords, inverted melodies, inverted intervals, and (in counterpoint) inverted voices.
Ira Malaniuk (Ірина Маланюк; Iryna Malanyuk; 29 January 1919 – February 2009) was an Austrian operatic contralto of Ukrainian descent, who sang a wide range of roles from Mozart to contemporary works.
Irmgard Seefried (9 October 191924 November 1988) was a distinguished German soprano who sang opera, sacred music, and lieder.
Jan Peerce (June 3, 1904 December 15, 1984) was an American operatic tenor.
Jan-Hendrik Rootering (born 18 March 1950 in Wedingfeld near Flensburg) is a German-born operatic bass, son of the Dutch tenor Hendrikus Rootering from whom he had his first lessons.
Dame Janet Abbott Baker (born 21 August 1933) is an English mezzo-soprano best known as an opera, concert, and lieder singer.
Jaroslava Maxová (born 6 April 1957; Jaroslava Horská, Jaroslava Horská-Maxová) is a Czech mezzo-soprano opera singer and vocal coach.
Jerry Hadley (June 16, 1952 – July 18, 2007) was an American operatic tenor.
Johann Friedrich Rochlitz (12 February 1769 – 16 December 1842) was a German playwright, musicologist and art and music critic.
John Alldis (10 August 192920 December 2010) was an English chorus-master and conductor.
John Butt, OBE, FRSE, FBA (born 17 November 1960, Solihull, England) is an orchestral and choral conductor, organist, harpsichordist and scholar.
John Mark Ainsley (born 9 July 1963) is an English lyric tenor.
John Stanton Shirley-Quirk CBE (28 August 19317 April 2014) was an English bass-baritone.
John van Kesteren (May 4, 1921 in The Hague – July 11, 2008 in Jupiter, Florida) was a Dutch operatic tenor.
Joseph, Baron Van Damme (born 25 August 1940 in Brussels), known as José van Dam, is a Belgian bass-baritone.
Josef Greindl (23 December 1912 - 16 April 1993) was a German operatic bass, remembered mainly for his performances of Wagnerian roles at Bayreuth beginning in 1943.
Joseph Leopold Eybler (8 February 1765 – 24 July 1846) was an Austrian composer and contemporary of Mozart.
Jozef Kundlák (born October 12, 1956) is a Slovak tenor.
Julia Hamari (born 21 November 1942) is a Hungarian mezzo-soprano and alto singer in opera and concert, appearing internationally.
Julius Patzak (9 April 189826 January 1974) was an Austrian tenor distinguished in operatic and concert work.
Karita Marjatta Mattila (pronounced) (born 5 September 1960) is a Finnish operatic soprano.
Karl Klindworth (25 September 183027 July 1916) was a German composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, violinist and music publisher.
Karl Ridderbusch (29 May 1932 – 21 June 1997) was a German operatic bass, associated in particular with the music of Wagner.
Kathleen Deanna Battle (born August 13, 1948) is an American operatic soprano known for her distinctive vocal range and tone.
The Köchel-Verzeichnis or Köchelverzeichnis is a chronological catalogue of compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, originally created by Ludwig von Köchel, in which the entries are abbreviated K. and KV.
Keith D'Andre Lewis (born October 20, 1981 in Sacramento, California) is a former American football safety.
In music theory, the key of a piece is the group of pitches, or scale, that forms the basis of a music composition in classical, Western art, and Western pop music.
Kim Borg (August 7, 1919April 28, 2000) was a Finnish bass, teacher and composer.
Klaus Mertens (born 25 March 1949 in Kleve) is a German bass and bass-baritone singer who is known especially for his interpretation of the complete works of Johann Sebastian Bach for bass voice.
Krisztina Laki (born 16 September 1944) is a Hungarian coloratura soprano who worked mainly on the opera stage in Germany, with guest appearances in major European opera houses.
Kurt Böhme (5 May 1908 – 20 December 1989) was a German bass.
Kurt Equiluz (born 13 June 1929 in Vienna) is an Austrian classical tenor in opera and concert, known for recording works of Johann Sebastian Bach with Nikolaus Harnoncourt and Helmuth Rilling, a member of the Vienna State Opera as a tenor buffo from 1957 until 1983.
Kurt Streit (born 14 October 1959 in Itazuke, JapanInternational who's who in music and musicians' directory: (in the classical and light classical fields), David M. Cummings, Volume One, 2000/2001) is an Austrian-American tenor who performs in operas.
Kyrie, a transliteration of Greek Κύριε, vocative case of Κύριος (Kyrios), is a common name of an important prayer of Christian liturgy, also called the Kyrie eleison.
The Kyrie in D minor, K. 341/368a, is a sacred composition for choir and large classical orchestra by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
italic is a German chamber orchestra, specializing in the revival and performance of unknown works, especially from the Baroque era.
File:La Capella Reial de Catalunya and Hespèrion XXI.jpg|La Capella Reial de Catalunya La Capella Reial de Catalunya is a group of soloist singers with the aim of making the repertoire of Catalan historical music and, by extension, that of Spanish and other music widely known throughout the world.
La Chapelle Royale is a French ensemble of baroque music.
La clemenza di Tito (English: The Clemency of Titus), K. 621, is an opera seria in two acts composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to an Italian libretto by Caterino Mazzolà, after Metastasio.
The Lacrimosa (Latin for "weeping", also a name that derives from Our Lady of Sorrows, a title given to Mary, mother of Jesus) is part of the Dies Irae sequence in the Roman Catholic Requiem Mass.
The Last Judgment, Final Judgment, Day of Judgment, Judgment Day, Doomsday, or The Day of the Lord (Hebrew Yom Ha Din) (יום הדין) or in Arabic Yawm al-Qiyāmah (یوم القيامة) or Yawm ad-Din (یوم الدین) is part of the eschatological world view of the Abrahamic religions and in the Frashokereti of Zoroastrianism.
Le Concert des Nations is an orchestra with period instruments, able to perform the orchestral and symphonic repertoire from the Baroque to Romanticism: 1600 - 1900.
In music performance and notation, legato (Italian for "tied together"; French lié; German gebunden) indicates that musical notes are played or sung smoothly and connected.
Leopold II (Peter Leopold Josef Anton Joachim Pius Gotthard; 5 May 1747 1 March 1792) was Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary and Bohemia from 1790 to 1792, Archduke of Austria and Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 to 1790.
Les Arts Florissants is a Baroque musical ensemble in residence at the Théâtre de Caen in Caen, France.
Linn Records is a Glasgow-based record label which specialises in classical music, jazz and Scottish music.
Lisa Della Casa (2 February 191910 December 2012) was a Swiss soprano most admired for her interpretations of major heroines in operas by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Richard Strauss, and of German lieder.
Topos (from τόπος 'place' abbreviated from τόπος κοινός tópos koinós, 'common place'; pl. topoi), in Latin locus (from locus communis), referred in the context of classical Greek rhetoric to a standardised method of constructing or treating an argument.
The London Classical Players (LCP) was a British orchestra that specialized in music following historically informed performance (HIP) practices and orchestral performances on period musical instruments.
Ludwig Weber (July 29, 1899December 9, 1974) was an Austrian bass.
Lynne Dawson (born 3 June 1956) is an English soprano.
Magda László (14 June 1912 – 2 August 2002) was a Hungarian operatic soprano particularly associated with 20th-century operas.
Magdaléna Hajóssyová (born 25 July 1946, Bratislava) is a classical Slovak soprano who has had an active international career singing in operas, concerts, and recitals since the late 1960s.
Dame Margaret Berenice Price, DBE (13 April 194128 January 2011) was a Welsh soprano.
Maria Louise Ewing (born March 27, 1950) is an American opera singer who has sung both soprano and mezzo-soprano roles.
Maria Stader (November 5, 1911 – April 27, 1999) was a Hungarian-born Swiss lyric soprano, known particularly for her Mozart interpretations.
Mária von Ilosvay (8 May 1913 – 16 June 1987) was a Hungarian contralto renowned for her performances of the role of Erda in Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen.
Marie McLaughlin (born 2 November 1954) is a Scottish operatic soprano.
Marilyn Horne (born January 16, 1934) is an American mezzo-soprano opera singer.
Marjana Lipovšek (mezzo-soprano) is an opera and concert singer.
The Sparrow Mass (Spatzenmesse) is a mass in C major K. 220/196b, Mass No.
Matti Salminen (born 7 July 1945, in Turku) is a Finnish operatic bass singer, who has sung at the most important opera houses of the world, including the Metropolitan and Bayreuth Festival.
Münchener Bach-Chor is a mixed choir for concert and oratorio in Munich.
In 1724 Johann Sebastian Bach composed the church cantata Meine Seel erhebt den Herren,, as part of his second cantata cycle.
Meine Seele erhebt den Herren (My soul magnifies the Lord) is Martin Luther's translation of the Magnificat canticle.
Melisma (Greek:, melisma, song, air, melody; from, melos, song, melody, plural: melismata) is the singing of a single syllable of text while moving between several different notes in succession.
Messiah (HWV 56) is an English-language oratorio composed in 1741 by George Frideric Handel, with a scriptural text compiled by Charles Jennens from the King James Bible, and from the version of the Psalms included with the Book of Common Prayer.
In music, metre (Am. meter) refers to the regularly recurring patterns and accents such as bars and beats.
Michael (translit; translit; Michahel;ⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏⲗ, translit) is an archangel in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Johann Michael Haydn (14 September 173710 August 1806) was an Austrian composer of the Classical period, the younger brother of Franz Joseph Haydn.
Michael Lorenz (born 18 July 1958) is an Austrian musicologist, music teacher, musician, alpine historian and photographer, noted as a Mozart scholar and for his archival work combining music history and genealogical research.
Michael Schade (born January 23, 1965) is a Canadian operatic tenor, who was born in Geneva and raised in Germany and Canada.
This article lists some of the modern completions of the Requiem by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
In music, modulation is most commonly the act or process of changing from one key (tonic, or tonal center) to another.
Gerd Monica Groop née Riska (born 14 April 1958 in Helsinki) is a Finnish operatic mezzo-soprano.
The Monteverdi Choir was founded in 1964 by Sir John Eliot Gardiner for a performance of the Monteverdi Vespers (1610) in King's College Chapel, Cambridge.
Montserrat Figueras i García (1942–2011) was a Catalan soprano who specialized in early music.
A movement is a self-contained part of a musical composition or musical form.
Mozart and Salieri (Motsart i Salyeri) is a poetic drama by Alexander Pushkin.
Murray Dickie OBE (b. Bishopton, nr. Glasgow, 3 April 1924; d. Cape Town, South Africa, 19 June 1995) was a Scottish tenor opera singer and director, who established his career in England, Austria and Italy during the 1950s.
The Requiem Mass is notable for the large number of musical compositions that it has inspired, including settings by Mozart, Verdi, Bruckner, Dvořák, Fauré and Duruflé.
Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi (23 January 1752 – 10 March 1832) was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer.
Naïve Records is a French independent record label based in Paris, specializing in electronic music, pop music, jazz and classical music.
Katherine Ann "Nan" Merriman (April 28, 1920 – July 22, 2012) was an American operatic mezzo-soprano.
Nancy Maureen Argenta (born Nancy Maureen Herbison on January 17, 1957) is a Canadian soprano singer, best known for performing music from the pre-classical era.
Nathalie Stutzmann (born 6 May 1965) is a contemporary French classical and opera singer, renowned for her contralto voice, and a notable orchestral conductor.
Nathan Berg (born in Spalding, Saskatchewan, Canada) is an internationally recognized "first class" operatic bass-baritone.
Naxos Records is a record label specializing in classical music.
The NBC Symphony Orchestra was a radio orchestra established by David Sarnoff, the president of the Radio Corporation of America, especially for the celebrated conductor Arturo Toscanini.
The NDR Chor (North German Radio Choir) is the choir of the German broadcaster Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR), based in Hamburg.
The NDR Elbphilharmonie Orchester (NDR Elbphilharmonie Orchestra) is a German radio orchestra based in Hamburg.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Harry Gustaf Nikolai Gädda, known professionally as Nicolai Gedda (11 July 1925 – 8 January 2017), was a Swedish operatic tenor.
Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (a; Russia was using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style. Dates in the article are taken verbatim from the source and are in the same style as the source from which they come.) was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five.
Nikolaus Harnoncourt (Johann Nikolaus Graf de la Fontaine und d’Harnoncourt-Unverzagt; 6 December 1929 – 5 March 2016) was an Austrian conductor, particularly known for his historically informed performances of music from the Classical era and earlier.
Norman Scott (1921 – September 22, 1968) was an American operatic bass.
The offertory (from Medieval Latin offertorium and Late Latin offerre) is the part of a Eucharistic service when the bread and wine for use in the service are ceremonially placed on the altar.
Oralia Dominguez (25 October 1925 in San Luis Potosí, Mexico – 25 November 2013 in Milan, Italy) was a Mexican operatic mezzo-soprano who performed at many of the world's leading opera houses.
Orchestration is the study or practice of writing music for an orchestra (or, more loosely, for any musical ensemble, such as a concert band) or of adapting music composed for another medium for an orchestra.
The Orchestre de Paris is a French orchestra based in Paris.
In music, ornaments or embellishments are musical flourishes—typically, added notes—that are not essential to carry the overall line of the melody (or harmony), but serve instead to decorate or "ornament" that line (or harmony), provide added interest and variety, and give the performer the opportunity to add expressiveness to a song or piece.
Ortrun Wenkel (born 25 October 1942) is a German operatic contralto.
In music, a pedal point (also pedal tone, pedal note, organ point, or pedal) is a sustained tone, typically in the bass, during which at least one foreign, i.e., dissonant harmony is sounded in the other parts.
Sir Peter Neville Luard Pears (22 June 19103 April 1986) was an English tenor.
Peter Schreier (born 29 July 1935) is a German tenor and conductor.
Sir Peter Levin Shaffer, CBE (15 May 1926 – 6 June 2016) was an English playwright and screenwriter of numerous award-winning plays, of which several have been turned into films.
Petre Munteanu (26 November 1916 - 18 July 1988) was a Romanian operatic tenor particularly associated with Mozart and lighter Italian roles.
The Philharmonia Chorus is an independent self-governing symphony chorus based in London, UK.
The Philharmonia Orchestra is a British orchestra based in London.
Philips Records is a record label that was founded by the Dutch electronics company Philips.
In music theory, a phrase (φράση) is a unit of musical meter that has a complete musical sense of its own, built from figures, motifs, and cells, and combining to form melodies, periods and larger sections.
The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through organ pipes selected via a keyboard.
The Prater is a large public park in Vienna's 2nd district (Leopoldstadt).
Rachel Yakar (born March 3, 1938) is a French soprano.
In music theory, the recapitulation is one of the sections of a movement written in sonata form.
In music, relative keys are the major and minor scales that have the same key signatures.
(Alphonse Zoé Charles) Renaud de Vilbac (3 June 1829 – 19 March 1884) was a prolific French organist and composer.
René Pape (born 4 September 1964) is a German operatic bass.
A Requiem or Requiem Mass, also known as Mass for the dead (Latin: Missa pro defunctis) or Mass of the dead (Latin: Missa defunctorum), is a Mass in the Catholic Church offered for the repose of the soul or souls of one or more deceased persons, using a particular form of the Roman Missal.
Michael Haydn wrote the Missa pro defuncto Archiepiscopo Sigismondo, or more generally Missa pro Defunctis, Klafsky I:8, MH 155, following the death of the Count Archbishop Sigismund von Schrattenbach in Salzburg in December 1771.
Richard Holm (3 August 1912 – 20 July 1988) was a German operatic tenor, particularly associated with Mozart, though he sang a wide range of roles.
Robert D. Levin (born 13 October 1947) is a classical performer, musicologist and composer, and is the artistic director of the Sarasota Music Festival.
Robert Holl (born 10 March 1947 in Rotterdam) is a Dutch bass-baritone classical singer.
Robert Andrew Lloyd CBE (born 2 March 1940) is an English operatic bass.
The Robert Shaw Chorale was a renowned professional choir founded in New York City in 1948 by Robert Shaw, a Californian who had been drafted out of college a decade earlier by Fred Waring to conduct his glee club in radio broadcasts.
Robert Tear, (pronounced to rhyme with "hear") CBE (8 March 1939 – 29 March 2011) was a Welsh tenor singer, teacher and conductor.
Roger Soyer (born 1 September 1939) is a French operatic bass-baritone, particularly associated with the French repertory and with Mozart.
Piroska Anday (Budapest, 12 December 1903 - Vienna, 22 December 1977) known as Rosette Anday, was a leading Hungarian mezzo-soprano.
Ryland Davies (born 9 February 1943) is a Welsh operatic tenor.
The Salzburg Festival (Salzburger Festspiele) is a prominent festival of music and drama established in 1920.
The Sanctus (Sanctus, "Holy") is a hymn in Christian liturgy.
Sara Mingardo (born 2 March 1961) is an Italian classical contralto who has had an active international career in concerts and operas since the 1980s.
In music, SATB is an initialism for soprano, alto, tenor, bass, defining the voice types required by a chorus or choir to perform a particular musical work.
Srebrenka "Sena" Jurinac (24 October 192122 November 2011) was a Bosnia-born Croatian-Austrian operatic soprano.
A sequence (Latin: sequentia) is a chant or hymn sung or recited during the liturgical celebration of the Eucharist for many Christian denominations, before the proclamation of the Gospel.
Sibylla Rubens is a German classical concert soprano.
Siegfried Jerusalem (born 17 April 1940) is a German operatic tenor.
Siegmund Nimsgern (born 14 January 1940) is a German bass-baritone, born in Sankt Wendel, Saarland, Germany.
Simon Estes (born March 2, 1938) is an operatic bass-baritone of African-American descent who had a major international opera career beginning in the 1960s.
The Slovak Philharmonic (Slovenská filharmónia) is a symphony orchestra in Bratislava, Slovakia.
Sonata form (also sonata-allegro form or first movement form) is a musical structure consisting of three main sections: an exposition, a development, and a recapitulation.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
A soprano is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types.
In music, sotto voce (Italian for "under the voice") is a dramatic lowering of the vocal or instrumental volume — not necessarily ''pianissimo'', but a definitely hushed tonal quality.
The Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden (known colloquially as the Staatskapelle Dresden) is a German orchestra based in Dresden.
Stephan Schreckenberger (born 16 February 1955) is a German bass singer and conductor, especially in the field of early music.
Steve Davislim (born 1967) is a Malaysian-born Australian operatic tenor.
In music, the subdominant is the technical name for the fourth tonal degree of the diatonic scale.
In music, a subject is the material, usually a recognizable melody, upon which part or all of a composition is based.
In music, the submediant is the sixth scale degree of the diatonic scale, the 'lower mediant', halfway between the tonic and the subdominant or 'lower dominant'.
The Swedish Radio Choir is a professional classical choir.
In music, syncopation involves a variety of rhythms which are in some way unexpected which make part or all of a tune or piece of music off-beat.
Telarc International Corporation is an American audiophile independent record label founded in 1977 by two classically trained musicians and former teachers, Jack Renner and Robert Woods.
Teldec (Telefunken-Decca Schallplatten GmbH) is a German record label in Hamburg, Germany.
In musical terminology, tempo ("time" in Italian; plural: tempi) is the speed or pace of a given piece.
Tenor is a type of classical male singing voice, whose vocal range is normally the highest male voice type, which lies between the baritone and countertenor voice types.
Teresa Żylis-Gara (born 23 January 1935) is a Polish operatic soprano who had a major international career during the 1950s through the 1990s.
Teresa Stich-Randall (December 24, 1927July 17, 2007) was a European-based American soprano opera singer.
The Magic Flute (German), K. 620, is an opera in two acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to a German libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder.
The ways of Zion do mourn / Funeral Anthem for Queen Caroline, HWV 264, is an anthem composed by George Frideric Handel.
The Well-Tempered Clavier, BWV 846–893, is a collection of two sets of preludes and fugues in all 24 major and minor keys, composed for solo keyboard by Johann Sebastian Bach.
Theo Adam (born 1 August 1926) is a German classical bass-baritone who had an active international career in operas, concerts, and recitals from the 1940s through the 1990s.
Thomas Quasthoff (born November 9, 1959) is a German bass-baritone.
Timpani or kettledrums (also informally called timps) are musical instruments in the percussion family.
Tom Gunnar Krause (July 5, 1934 − December 6, 2013) was a Finnish operatic bass-baritone, particularly associated with Mozart roles.
In music, transcription can mean notating a piece or a sound which was previously unnotated, as, for example, an improvised jazz solo.
In music, tremolo, or tremolando, is a trembling effect.
In music, a triad is a set of three notes (or "pitches") that can be stacked vertically in thirds.
Triple metre (or Am. triple meter, also known as triple time) is a musical metre characterized by a primary division of 3 beats to the bar, usually indicated by 3 (simple) or 9 (compound) in the upper figure of the time signature, with,, and being the most common examples.
The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family.
Trudeliese Schmidt (7 November 1942 − 24 June 2004) was a German operatic mezzo-soprano who had an international career, performing at major opera houses and festivals in Europe.
A trumpet is a brass instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles.
There are many different types of trombone.
Ugo Benelli (born 20 January 1935) is an Italian operatic tenor.
University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.
The Vienna Philharmonic (VPO; Wiener Philharmoniker), founded in 1842, is an orchestra considered to be one of the finest in the world.
The Vienna State Opera (German) is an Austrian opera house and opera company based in Vienna, Austria.
The Vienna Symphony (Wiener Symphoniker) is an Austrian orchestra based in Vienna.
Vinson Cole (born November 21, 1950) is an American operatic tenor.
The viola is a string instrument that is bowed or played with varying techniques.
The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.
Waldemar Kmentt (Wien, 2 February 1929 Ibidem, 21 January 2015) was an Austrian operatic tenor, who was particularly associated with the German repertory, both opera and operetta.
Walter Berry (8 April 1929 – 27 October 2000) was an Austrian lyric bass-baritone who enjoyed a prominent career in opera.
The WDR Symphony Orchestra Cologne (WDR Sinfonieorchester Köln) is a German orchestra based in Cologne.
Werner Krenn (born 21 September 1943 in Vienna) is an Austrian tenor.
The Wiener Singakademie is a choir in Vienna, Austria.
The Vienna Singverein (Singverein der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Wien) is the concert choir of the Vienna Musikverein with around 230 members.
Wiesław Ochman (born 6 February 1937) is a Polish tenor.
Sir Willard Wentworth White, OM, CBE (born 10 October 1946) is a Jamaican-born British operatic bass baritone.
Wilma Lipp (born 26 April 1925 in Vienna) is an Austrian operatic soprano, particularly associated with Mozart roles, especially Konstanze in Die Entführung aus dem Serail and the Queen of the Night in The Magic Flute.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Yvonne Fay Minton CBE (born 4 December 1938) is an Australian-born but mostly British-resident opera singer.
Zdeněk Košler (March 25, 1928 – July 2, 1995) was a Czech conductor, who played an important role in Czech musical life of the second half of 20th century, notably during the sixties and the eighties.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
Dies Irae (Mozart), K 626, K. 626, KV 626, KV. 626, Mozart Requiem, Mozart requiem, Mozart's Requiem, Mozart's requiem, Quam olim d: C:, Requiem In D Minor, Requiem KV 626, Requiem Mass in D minor, Requiem in D minor.