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Research Unix

Index Research Unix

Research Unix is a term used to refer to versions of the Unix operating system for DEC PDP-7, PDP-11, VAX and Interdata 7/32 and 8/32 computers, developed in the Bell Labs Computing Science Research Center (frequently referred to as Department 1127). [1]

85 relations: Alcatel-Lucent, Ancient UNIX, AWK, Bc (programming language), Bell Labs, Bell System Technical Journal, Berkeley sockets, Berkeley Software Distribution, Blit (computer terminal), Bourne shell, BSD licenses, C (programming language), C file input/output, Coherent (operating system), Communications of the ACM, Cp (Unix), Cpio, Crypt (Unix), Dd (Unix), Dennis Ritchie, Digital Equipment Corporation, Douglas McIlroy, Echo (command), Find (Unix), Fortran, Free and open-source software, Geoff Collyer, Grep, Group identifier, Henry Spencer, History of Unix, Inferno (operating system), Inter-process communication, Interdata 7/32 and 8/32, Interpreter (computing), Ioctl, Linux, Lions' Commentary on UNIX 6th Edition, with Source Code, List of compilers, Mail (Unix), Make (software), Man page, MINIX, Multi-Environment Real-Time, Multilevel security, Nokia, O'Reilly Media, Operating system, PATH (variable), PDP-11, ..., PDP-7, Permissive software licence, Pipeline (Unix), Plan 9 from Bell Labs, Portable C Compiler, Printf format string, PWB/UNIX, Ratfor, Rc, Register.com, Research Unix, Retroactive continuity, Sam (text editor), SCO Group, Sed, Slashdot, Software license, Spell (Unix), Sticky bit, STREAMS, Su (Unix), Thompson shell, Troff, Typesetting, Unix, UNIX System III, UNIX System V, Unix-like, UNIX/32V, Usenet, User space, VAX, Version 6 Unix, Version 7 Unix, Yacc. Expand index (35 more) »


Alcatel-Lucent S.A. was a French global telecommunications equipment company, headquartered in Boulogne-Billancourt, France.

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Ancient UNIX

Ancient UNIX is a term coined by Santa Cruz Operation, to describe early releases of the Unix code base released prior to Unix System III, particularly the Research Unix releases prior to and including Version 7 (the base for UNIX/32V as well as later developments of AT&T Unix).

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AWK is a programming language designed for text processing and typically used as a data extraction and reporting tool.

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Bc (programming language)

bc, for basic calculator (often referred to as bench calculator), is "an arbitrary-precision calculator language" with syntax similar to the C programming language.

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Bell Labs

Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.

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Bell System Technical Journal

The Bell System Technical Journal was a periodical publication by the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) in New York devoted to the scientific and engineering aspects of electrical communication.

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Berkeley sockets

Berkeley sockets is an application programming interface (API) for Internet sockets and Unix domain sockets, used for inter-process communication (IPC).

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Berkeley Software Distribution

Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.

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Blit (computer terminal)

In computing, the Blit was a programmable bitmap graphics terminal designed by Rob Pike and Bart Locanthi Jr.

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Bourne shell

The Bourne shell (sh) is a shell, or command-line interpreter, for computer operating systems.

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BSD licenses

BSD licenses are a family of permissive free software licenses, imposing minimal restrictions on the use and redistribution of covered software.

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C (programming language)

C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.

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C file input/output

The C programming language provides many standard library functions for file input and output.

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Coherent (operating system)

Coherent is a clone of the Unix operating system for IBM PC compatibles and other microcomputers, developed and sold by the now-defunct Mark Williams Company (MWC).

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Communications of the ACM

Communications of the ACM is the monthly journal of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).

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Cp (Unix)

cp is a UNIX command for copying files and directories.

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cpio is a general file archiver utility and its associated file format.

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Crypt (Unix)

In Unix computing, crypt is a utility program used for encryption.

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Dd (Unix)

dd is a command-line utility for Unix and Unix-like operating systems whose primary purpose is to convert and copy files.

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Dennis Ritchie

Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie (September 9, 1941 – October 12, 2011) was an American computer scientist.

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Digital Equipment Corporation

Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.

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Douglas McIlroy

Malcolm Douglas McIlroy (born 1932) is a mathematician, engineer, and programmer.

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Echo (command)

In computing, echo is a command in DOS, OS/2, Microsoft Windows, Unix and Unix-like operating systems that outputs the strings it is being passed as arguments.

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Find (Unix)

In Unix-like and some other operating systems, find is a command-line utility that searches one or more directory trees of a file system, locates files based on some user-specified criteria and applies a user-specified action on each matched file.

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Fortran (formerly FORTRAN, derived from Formula Translation) is a general-purpose, compiled imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.

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Free and open-source software

Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software that can be classified as both free software and open-source software.

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Geoff Collyer

Geoff Collyer is a Canadian computer scientist.

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grep is a command-line utility for searching plain-text data sets for lines that match a regular expression.

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Group identifier

In Unix-like systems, multiple users can be put into groups.

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Henry Spencer

Henry Spencer (born 1955) is a Canadian computer programmer and space enthusiast.

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History of Unix

The history of Unix dates back to the mid-1960s when the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, AT&T Bell Labs, and General Electric were jointly developing an experimental time sharing operating system called Multics for the GE-645 mainframe.

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Inferno (operating system)

Inferno is a distributed operating system started at Bell Labs and now developed and maintained by Vita Nuova Holdings as free software.

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Inter-process communication

In computer science, inter-process communication or interprocess communication (IPC) refers specifically to the mechanisms an operating system provides to allow the processes to manage shared data.

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Interdata 7/32 and 8/32

The Model 7/32 and Model 8/32 were 32-bit minicomputers introduced by Perkin-Elmer after they acquired Interdata, Inc., in 1973.

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Interpreter (computing)

In computer science, an interpreter is a computer program that directly executes, i.e. performs, instructions written in a programming or scripting language, without requiring them previously to have been compiled into a machine language program.

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In computing, ioctl (an abbreviation of input/output control) is a system call for device-specific input/output operations and other operations which cannot be expressed by regular system calls.

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Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.

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Lions' Commentary on UNIX 6th Edition, with Source Code

Lions' Commentary on UNIX 6th Edition, with Source Code by John Lions (1976) contains source code of the 6th Edition Unix kernel plus a commentary.

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List of compilers

This page is intended to list all current compilers, compiler generators, interpreters, translators, tool foundations, assemblers, automatable command line interfaces (shells), etc.

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Mail (Unix)

mail is a command line email client for Unix and Unix-like operating systems.

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Make (software)

In software development, Make is a build automation tool that automatically builds executable programs and libraries from source code by reading files called Makefiles which specify how to derive the target program.

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Man page

A man page (short for manual page) is a form of software documentation usually found on a Unix or Unix-like operating system.

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MINIX (from "mini-Unix") is a POSIX-compliant (since version 2.0), Unix-like operating system based on a microkernel architecture.

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Multi-Environment Real-Time

Multi-Environment Real-Time (MERT) was a hybrid time-sharing/real-time operating system developed in the 1970s at Bell Labs for use in embedded minicomputers (in particular PDP-11s).

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Multilevel security

Multilevel security or multiple levels of security (MLS) is the application of a computer system to process information with incompatible classifications (i.e., at different security levels), permit access by users with different security clearances and needs-to-know, and prevent users from obtaining access to information for which they lack authorization.

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Nokia is a Finnish multinational telecommunications, information technology, and consumer electronics company, founded in 1865.

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O'Reilly Media

O'Reilly Media (formerly O'Reilly & Associates) is an American media company established by Tim O'Reilly that publishes books and Web sites and produces conferences on computer technology topics.

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Operating system

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.

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PATH (variable)

PATH is an environment variable on Unix-like operating systems, DOS, OS/2, and Microsoft Windows, specifying a set of directories where executable programs are located.

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The PDP-11 is a series of 16-bit minicomputers sold by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1970 into the 1990s, one of a succession of products in the PDP series.

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The PDP-7 was a minicomputer produced by Digital Equipment Corporation as part of the PDP series.

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Permissive software licence

A permissive software license, sometimes also called BSD-like or BSD-style license, is a free software software license with minimal requirements about how the software can be redistributed.

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Pipeline (Unix)

In Unix-like computer operating systems, a pipeline is a sequence of processes chained together by their standard streams, so that the output of each process (stdout) feeds directly as input (stdin) to the next one.

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Plan 9 from Bell Labs

Plan 9 from Bell Labs is a distributed operating system, originating in the Computing Sciences Research Center (CSRC) at Bell Labs in the mid-1980s, and building on UNIX concepts first developed there in the late 1960s; until the Labs' final release at the start of 2015.

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Portable C Compiler

The Portable C Compiler (also known as pcc or sometimes pccm - portable C compiler machine) is an early compiler for the C programming language written by Stephen C. Johnson of Bell Labs in the mid-1970s, based in part on ideas proposed by Alan Snyder in 1973, and "distributed as the C compiler by Bell Labs...

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Printf format string

Printf format string refers to a control parameter used by a class of functions in the input/output libraries of C and many other programming languages.

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The Programmer's Workbench (PWB/UNIX) is an early, now discontinued, version of the Unix operating system created in the Bell Labs Computer Science Research Group of AT&T.

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Ratfor (short for Rational Fortran) is a programming language implemented as a preprocessor for Fortran 66.

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rc (for "run commands") is the command line interpreter for Version 10 Unix and Plan 9 from Bell Labs operating systems.

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Register.com (previously Forman Interactive Corp) was founded by Peter Forman in 1994 as a provider of website creation software.

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Research Unix

Research Unix is a term used to refer to versions of the Unix operating system for DEC PDP-7, PDP-11, VAX and Interdata 7/32 and 8/32 computers, developed in the Bell Labs Computing Science Research Center (frequently referred to as Department 1127).

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Retroactive continuity

Retroactive continuity, or retcon for short, is a literary device in which established facts in a fictional work are adjusted, ignored, or contradicted by a subsequently published work which breaks continuity with the former.

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Sam (text editor)

Sam is a multi-file text editor based on structural regular expressions.

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SCO Group

SCO, The SCO Group, The TSG Group, Caldera Systems, and Caldera International are the various names of an American software company that became known for acquiring the Santa Cruz Operation's Server Software and Services divisions, and UnixWare and OpenServer technologies, and then, under CEO Darl McBride, pursuing a series of legal battles known as the SCO-Linux controversies.

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sed (stream editor) is a Unix utility that parses and transforms text, using a simple, compact programming language.

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Slashdot (sometimes abbreviated as /.) is a social news website that originally billed itself as "News for Nerds.

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Software license

A software license is a legal instrument (usually by way of contract law, with or without printed material) governing the use or redistribution of software.

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Spell (Unix)

Spell is the standard English language spell checker for Unix.

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Sticky bit

In computing, the sticky bit is a user ownership access right flag that can be assigned to files and directories on Unix-like systems.

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In computer networking, STREAMS is the native framework in Unix System V for implementing character device drivers, network protocols, and inter-process communication.

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Su (Unix)

The Unix command su, sometimes described as substitute user, super user, switch user, or set user, is used by a computer user to execute commands with the privileges of another user account.

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Thompson shell

The Thompson shell is the first Unix shell, introduced in the first version of Unix in 1971, and was written by Ken Thompson.

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troff is the major component of a document processing system developed by AT&T Corporation for the Unix operating system.

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Typesetting is the composition of text by means of arranging physical typesDictionary.com Unabridged.

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Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.

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UNIX System III (or System 3) is a discontinued version of the Unix operating system released by AT&T's Unix Support Group (USG).

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UNIX System V

UNIX System V (pronounced: "System Five") is one of the first commercial versions of the Unix operating system.

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A Unix-like (sometimes referred to as UN*X or *nix) operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification.

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UNIX/32V was an early version of the Unix operating system from Bell Laboratories, released in June 1979.

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Usenet is a worldwide distributed discussion system available on computers.

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User space

A modern computer operating system usually segregates virtual memory into kernel space and user space.

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VAX is a discontinued instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in the mid-1970s.

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Version 6 Unix

Sixth Edition Unix, also called Version 6 Unix or just V6, was the first version of the Unix operating system to see wide release outside Bell Labs.

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Version 7 Unix

Seventh Edition Unix, also called Version 7 Unix, Version 7 or just V7, was an important early release of the Unix operating system.

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Yacc (Yet Another Compiler-Compiler) is a computer program for the Unix operating system developed by Stephen C. Johnson.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Research_Unix

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