103 relations: Anglo-Scottish border, Ardwick railway station, Ashbury Railway Carriage and Iron Company Ltd, B. Hick and Sons, Benjamin Hick, Bessemer process, Birmingham, Blast furnace, Blowing engine, Boiler, Bolton, British Newspaper Archive, Buenos Aires, Butterley Company, Caledonian (locomotive), Capital (economics), Charleston, South Carolina, Cheltenham, City of Salford, Coldstream, Compound engine, Connecting rod, County Borough of Salford, Cylinder (locomotive), Dowlais Ironworks, Dunkirk, Earle's Shipbuilding, Essen, Exposition Internationale d'Anvers (1894), Firth Brown Steels, Flued boiler, Foundry, Gear, George Henry Corliss, Glossop, Gorton, Henry Bessemer, High-speed steam engine, Hulme, Institution of Mechanical Engineers, James Lillie, James Prescott Joule, James Watt, John Hetherington & Sons, John Kennedy (manufacturer), John Musgrave & Sons, John Rylands Library, Justice of the peace, Knutsford, Krupp, ..., Lead, Lille, Line shaft, Liquidation, Liverpool and Manchester Railway, Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, Madrid, Manchester, Manchester Central railway station, Manchester Hydraulic Power, Manchester Liners, Manchester Ship Canal, Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway, Millwright, Mitchell and Kenyon, Mobberley, Museum of Science and Industry (Manchester), Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, Openshaw, Paris, Pattern (casting), Pennsylvania Steel Company, Phosphorus, Pig iron, Piston, Priming (steam locomotive), Railway Museum (Madrid), Raoul Pictet, River Leven, Cumbria, River Medlock, River Tweed, Rope drive, Runcorn, Scottish people, Smokebox, South Wales, Southport Pier, SS Bessemer, Stationary steam engine, Steam engine, Superheater, The Engineer (magazine), The Great Exhibition, The London Gazette, Thermic siphon, Timothy Hackworth, Tranmere, Merseyside, Ulverston, Water wheel, William Fairbairn, William Johnson Galloway, William Murdoch, Yeovil. Expand index (53 more) » « Shrink index
The Anglo-Scottish border between England and Scotland runs for 96 miles (154 km) between Marshall Meadows Bay on the east coast and the Solway Firth in the west.
Ardwick railway station in Manchester, England is about one mile (1.5 km) south-east of Manchester Piccadilly.
The Ashbury Carriage and Iron Company Limited was a manufacturer of railway rolling stock founded by John Ashbury in 1837 in Commercial St, Knott Mill in Manchester, England, near the original terminus of the Sheffield, Ashton-under-Lyne and Manchester Railway.
Benjamin Hick (1 August 1790 – 9 September 1842) was a successful English civil and mechanical engineer, art collector and patron; his improvements to the steam engine and invention of scientific tools were held in high esteem by the engineering profession, some of Hick's improvements became public property without claiming the patent rights he was entitled to.
The Bessemer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass production of steel from molten pig iron before the development of the open hearth furnace.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally pig iron, but also others such as lead or copper.
A blowing engine is a large stationary steam engine or internal combustion engine directly coupled to air pumping cylinders.
A boiler is a closed vessel in which fluid (generally water) is heated.
Bolton (locally) is a town in Greater Manchester in North West England. A former mill town, Bolton has been a production centre for textiles since Flemish weavers settled in the area in the 14th century, introducing a wool and cotton-weaving tradition. The urbanisation and development of the town largely coincided with the introduction of textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. Bolton was a 19th-century boomtown, and at its zenith in 1929 its 216 cotton mills and 26 bleaching and dyeing works made it one of the largest and most productive centres of cotton spinning in the world. The British cotton industry declined sharply after the First World War, and by the 1980s cotton manufacture had virtually ceased in Bolton. Close to the West Pennine Moors, Bolton is northwest of Manchester. It is surrounded by several smaller towns and villages that together form the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, of which Bolton is the administrative centre. The town of Bolton has a population of 139,403, whilst the wider metropolitan borough has a population of 262,400. Historically part of Lancashire, Bolton originated as a small settlement in the moorland known as Bolton le Moors. In the English Civil War, the town was a Parliamentarian outpost in a staunchly Royalist region, and as a result was stormed by 3,000 Royalist troops led by Prince Rupert of the Rhine in 1644. In what became known as the Bolton Massacre, 1,600 residents were killed and 700 were taken prisoner. Bolton Wanderers football club play home games at the Macron Stadium and the WBA World light-welterweight champion Amir Khan was born in the town. Cultural interests include the Octagon Theatre and the Bolton Museum and Art Gallery, as well as one of the earliest public libraries established after the Public Libraries Act 1850.
The British Newspaper Archive web site provides access to searchable digitised archives of British newspapers.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
The Butterley Company was an English manufacturing firm founded as Benjamin Outram and Company in 1790.
Caledonian was an early steam locomotive which had a short career on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR).
In economics, capital consists of an asset that can enhance one's power to perform economically useful work.
Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Cheltenham, also known as Cheltenham Spa, is a regency spa town and borough which is located on the edge of the Cotswolds, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Gloucestershire, England.
The City of Salford is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, named after its largest settlement, Salford, but extending west to include the towns of Eccles, Worsley, Swinton, Walkden and Irlam.
Coldstream (An Sruthan Fuar, Caustrim) is a town and civil parish in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland.
A compound engine is an engine that has more than one stage for recovering energy from the same working fluid, with the exhaust from the first stage passing through the second stage, and in some cases then on to another subsequent stage or even stages.
A connecting rod is a shaft which connects a piston to a crank or crankshaft in a reciprocating engine.
Salford was, from 1844 to 1974, a local government district in the northwest of England, coterminate with Salford.
Cylinders were an important structural part of the steam engines which powered locomotives.
The Dowlais Ironworks was a major ironworks and steelworks located at Dowlais near Merthyr Tydfil, in Wales.
Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Earle's Shipbuilding was an engineering company that was based in Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England from 1845 to 1932.
Essen (Latin: Assindia) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Exposition Internationale d'Anvers was a World's Fair held in Antwerp, Belgium between 5 May and 5 November in 1894.
Firth Brown Steels was initially formed in 1902, when Sheffield steelmakers John Brown & Company exchanged shares and came to a working agreement with neighbouring company Thomas Firth & Sons.
A shell or flued boiler is an early and relatively simple form of boiler used to make steam, usually for the purpose of driving a steam engine.
A foundry is a factory that produces metal castings.
A gear or cogwheel is a rotating machine part having cut like teeth, or cogs, which mesh with another toothed part to transmit torque.
George Henry Corliss (June 2, 1817 – February 21, 1888) was an American mechanical engineer and inventor, who developed the Corliss steam engine, which was a great improvement over any other stationary steam engine of its time.
Glossop is a market town in the High Peak, Derbyshire, England, about east of Manchester, west of Sheffield and north of the county town, Matlock.
Gorton is an area of Manchester in North West England, southeast of the city centre.
Sir Henry Bessemer (19 January 1813 – 15 March 1898) was an English inventor, whose steelmaking process would become the most important technique for making steel in the nineteenth century for almost one century from year 1856 to 1950.
High-speed steam engines were one of the final developments of the stationary steam engine.
Hulme is an inner city area and electoral ward of Manchester, England, immediately south of Manchester city centre.
The Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) is an independent professional association, and learned society headquartered in central London, that represents mechanical engineers and the engineering profession.
James Lillie is the CEO of Jarden Corporation.
James Prescott Joule (24 December 1818 11 October 1889) was an English physicist, mathematician and brewer, born in Salford, Lancashire.
James Watt (30 January 1736 (19 January 1736 OS) – 25 August 1819) was a Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer, and chemist who improved on Thomas Newcomen's 1712 Newcomen steam engine with his Watt steam engine in 1781, which was fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world.
John Hetherington & Sons was a textile machinery manufacturer from Ancoats, Manchester in England, founded in 1830.
John Kennedy (4 July 1769 – 30 October 1855) was a Scottish-born textile industrialist in Manchester.
John Musgrave & Sons was a company that manufactured stationary steam engines.
The John Rylands Library is a late-Victorian neo-Gothic building on Deansgate in Manchester, England.
A justice of the peace (JP) is a judicial officer, of a lower or puisne court, elected or appointed by means of a commission (letters patent) to keep the peace.
Knutsford is a town in Cheshire, England, south-west of Manchester and north-west of Macclesfield.
The Krupp family (see pronunciation), a prominent 400-year-old German dynasty from Essen, became famous for their production of steel, artillery, ammunition, and other armaments.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
A line shaft is a power driven rotating shaft for power transmission that was used extensively from the Industrial Revolution until the early 20th century.
In United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland and United States law and business, liquidation is the process by which a company is brought to an end.
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) was a railway opened on 15 September 1830 between the Lancashire towns of Liverpool and Manchester in England.
Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, commonly known as Law Lords, were judges appointed under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 to the British House of Lords in order to exercise its judicial functions, which included acting as the highest court of appeal for most domestic matters.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Manchester Central railway station is a former railway station in Manchester city centre, England.
Manchester's Hydraulic Power system was a public hydraulic power network supplying energy across the city of Manchester via a system of high-pressure water pipes from three pumping stations from 1894 until 1972.
Manchester Liners was a cargo and passenger shipping company founded in 1898, based in Manchester, England.
The Manchester Ship Canal is a inland waterway in the North West of England linking Manchester to the Irish Sea.
The Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway (MS&LR) was formed by amalgamation in 1847.
A millwright is a high precision craftsman or tradesman who installs, dismantles, repairs, reassembles, and moves machinery in factories, power plants, and construction sites.
The Mitchell & Kenyon film company was a pioneer of early commercial motion pictures based in Blackburn in Lancashire, England at the start of the 20th century.
Mobberley is a village in Cheshire, England, between Wilmslow and Knutsford, which in 2001 had a population of 2,546, increasing to 3,050 at the 2011 Census.
The Museum of Science and Industry (MSI or formerly known as MOSI) in Manchester, England, is a large museum devoted to the development of science, technology and industry with emphasis on the city's achievements in these fields.
Old Trafford is an area of the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, southwest of Manchester city centre, roughly delineated by the crossroads of two old toll gates, Brooks's Bar to the east and Trafford Bar to the west.
Openshaw is an area of Manchester, England, about two miles east of the city centre.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
In casting, a pattern is a replica of the object to be cast, used to prepare the cavity into which molten material will be poured during the casting process.
The Pennsylvania Steel Company is a name of two Pennsylvania steel companies.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
Pig iron is an intermediate product of the iron industry.
A piston is a component of reciprocating engines, reciprocating pumps, gas compressors and pneumatic cylinders, among other similar mechanisms.
Priming (foaming in North America) is a condition in the boiler of a steam locomotive in which water is carried over into the steam delivery.
The Museo del Ferrocarril (Railway Museum) in Madrid, Spain, is one of the largest historic railroad collections in Europe.
Raoul-Pierre Pictet (4 April 1846 – 27 July 1929) was a Swiss physicist.
The River Leven (pron.) is a short river in the county of Cumbria, falling within the historic boundaries of Lancashire.
The River Medlock is a river in Greater Manchester, England, which rises near Oldham and flows south and west for ten miles to join the River Irwell in Manchester city centre.
The River Tweed, or Tweed Water (Abhainn Thuaidh, Watter o Tweid), is a river long that flows east across the Border region in Scotland and northern England.
A rope drive is a form of belt drive, used for mechanical power transmission.
Runcorn is an industrial town and cargo port in Halton, Cheshire, England, and in the southeast of the Liverpool City Region.
The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.
A smokebox is one of the major basic parts of a steam locomotive exhaust system.
South Wales (De Cymru) is the region of Wales bordered by England and the Bristol Channel to the east and south, and Mid Wales and West Wales to the north and west.
Southport Pier is a pleasure pier in Southport, Merseyside, England.
The SS Bessemer (also called the Bessemer Saloon) was an experimental Victorian cross-Channel passenger paddle steamer with a swinging cabin, a concept devised by the engineer and inventor Sir Henry Bessemer, intended to combat seasickness.
Stationary steam engines are fixed steam engines used for pumping or driving mills and factories, and for power generation.
A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.
A superheater is a device used to convert saturated steam or wet steam into superheated steam or dry steam.
The Engineer is a London-based monthly magazine covering the latest developments and business news in engineering and technology in the UK and internationally.
The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations or The Great Exhibition, sometimes referred to as the Crystal Palace Exhibition in reference to the temporary structure in which it was held, was an international exhibition that took place in Hyde Park, London, from 1 May to 15 October 1851.
The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published.
Thermic siphons (alt. thermic syphons) are heat-exchanging elements in the firebox or combustion chamber of some steam boiler and steam locomotive designs.
Timothy Hackworth (22 December 1786 – 7 July 1850) was a steam locomotive engineer who lived in Shildon, County Durham, England and was the first locomotive superintendent of the Stockton and Darlington Railway.
Tranmere is a suburb of Birkenhead, on the Wirral Peninsula, England. Administratively, it is also a ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. Before local government reorganisation on 1 April 1974, it was part of the County Borough of Birkenhead, within the geographical county of Cheshire. At the 2001 Census, the population of Tranmere was 11,668 (5,399 males, 6,269 females).
Ulverston is a market town in the South Lakeland district of Cumbria in North West England.
A water wheel is a machine for converting the energy of flowing or falling water into useful forms of power, often in a watermill.
Sir William Fairbairn, 1st Baronet of Ardwick (19 February 1789 – 18 August 1874) was a Scottish civil engineer, structural engineer and shipbuilder.
William Johnson Galloway (5 October 1868 – 28 January 1931) was a British businessman and Conservative politician.
William Murdoch (sometimes spelled Murdock) (21 August 1754 – 15 November 1839) was a Scottish engineer and inventor.
Yeovil is an English town and civil parish in the district of South Somerset, with a population of 45,000.