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# Algebraic notation (chess)

Algebraic notation (or AN) is a method for recording and describing the moves in a game of chess. [1]

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Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.

## Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals.

## Bishop (chess)

A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.

## Blunder (chess)

In chess, a blunder is a very bad move.

## Castling

Castling is a move in the game of chess involving a player's king and either of the player's original rooks.

## Check (chess)

A check is a condition in chess, shogi, and xiangqi that occurs when a player's king (or general in xiangqi) is under threat of on their opponent's next turn.

## Checkmate

Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.

## Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.

## Chess notation

Chess notations are various systems that have developed to record either the moves made in a game of chess or the position of pieces on a chessboard.

## Chess piece

A chess piece, or chessman, is any of the six different movable objects used on a chessboard to play the game of chess.

## Chess problem

A chess problem, also called a chess composition, is a puzzle set by somebody using chess pieces on a chess board, that presents the solver with a particular task to be achieved.

## Chess symbols in Unicode

Chess symbols are part of Unicode.

## Chessboard

A chessboard is the type of checkerboard used in the board game chess, consisting of 64 squares (eight rows and eight columns).

## Colon (punctuation)

The colon is a punctuation mark consisting of two equally sized dots centered on the same vertical line.

## Coordinate system

In geometry, a coordinate system is a system which uses one or more numbers, or coordinates, to uniquely determine the position of the points or other geometric elements on a manifold such as Euclidean space.

## Correspondence chess

Correspondence chess is chess or variant chess played by various forms of long-distance correspondence, often through a correspondence chess server, a public internet chess forum, email, or the postal system.

## Dagger (typography)

A dagger, obelisk, or obelus is a typographical symbol usually used to indicate a footnote if an asterisk has already been used.

## Descriptive notation

Descriptive notation is a notation for recording chess games, and at one time was the most popular notation in English- and Spanish-speaking countries.

## Discovered attack

In chess, a discovered attack is an attack revealed when one piece moves out of the way of another.

## Double check

In chess, a double check is a check delivered by two pieces simultaneously.

## Draw (chess)

In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.

## Ellipsis

An ellipsis (plural ellipses; from the ἔλλειψις, élleipsis, 'omission' or 'falling short') is a series of dots (typically three, such as "…") that usually indicates an intentional omission of a word, sentence, or whole section from a text without altering its original meaning.

## En passant

En passant (in passing) is a move in chess.

## Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings

The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess.

## Fairy chess piece

A fairy chess piece, variant chess piece, unorthodox chess piece, or heterodox chess piece is a chess piece not used in conventional chess but incorporated into certain chess variants and some chess problems.

## FIDE

The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.

## Font

In metal typesetting, a font was a particular size, weight and style of a typeface.

## ICCF numeric notation

ICCF numeric notation is the official chess game notation for all International Correspondence Chess Federation games.

## Jacob Köbel

Jacob Köbel (1462-1533) was a printer and publisher in Oppenheim.

## King (chess)

In chess, the king (♔,♚) is the most important piece.

## Knight (chess)

The knight (♘ ♞) is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armored cavalry).

## Loanword

A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.

## Miscellaneous Symbols

Miscellaneous Symbols is a Unicode block (U+2600–U+26FF) containing glyphs representing concepts from a variety of categories: astrological, astronomical, chess, dice, musical notation, political symbols, recycling, religious symbols, trigrams, warning signs, and weather, among others.

## Nightrider (chess)

A nightrider (also known as a knightmare or unicorn, though the latter sometimes also means the bishop+nightrider compound) is a fairy chess piece that can move any number of steps as a knight in the same direction.

## Philipp Stamma

Philipp Stamma (c. 1705 – c. 1755), a native of Aleppo, Ottoman Syria, later resident of England and France, was a chess master and a pioneer of modern chess.

## Portable Game Notation

Portable Game Notation (PGN) is a plain text computer-processible format for recording chess games (both the moves and related data), supported by many chess programs.

## Promotion (chess)

Promotion is a chess rule that requires a pawn that reaches its eighth to be immediately replaced by the player's choice of a queen, knight, rook, or bishop of the same.

## Queen (chess)

The queen (♕,♛) is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.

## Rook (chess)

A rook (♖,♜) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.

## Ruy Lopez

The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.

## Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

## Tim Krabbé

Tim Krabbé (born 13 April 1943) is a Dutch journalist and novelist.

## Time control

A time control is a mechanism in the tournament play of almost all two-player board games so that each round of the match can finish in a timely way and the tournament can proceed.

## Unicode

Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.

## United States Chess Federation

The United States Chess Federation (also known as US Chess or USCF) is the governing body for chess competition in the United States and represents the U.S. in FIDE, the World Chess Federation.

## Universal Chess Interface

A Universal Chess Interface (UCI) is an open communication protocol that enables chess engines to communicate with user interfaces.

## References

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