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Eight-hour day

Index Eight-hour day

The eight-hour day movement or 40-hour week movement, also known as the short-time movement, was a social movement to regulate the length of a working day, preventing excesses and abuses. [1]

114 relations: Adamson Act, Albert Parsons, Alcoy, Spain, American Federation of Labor, An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, Arbeiter-Zeitung (Chicago), Auckland, August Spies, Australian labour movement, Baltimore, Barcelona, Bert Roth, Bridgeport, Connecticut, Business day, Cabinet (government), Carpentry, Catalonia, Chartism, Child labour, Council of People's Commissars, Das Kapital, Decree, Dunedin, Effects of overtime, Evonik Industries, Factory Acts, Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions, Flextime, Ford Motor Company, Four-day week, French Revolution of 1848, Geneva, Geneva Congress (1866), George Hunter (mayor), George Whitefield Davis, Georges Clemenceau, German Revolution of 1918–19, Government Junta of Chile (1924), Harold Cox, Haymarket affair, History of Chile, Hours of Work (Commerce and Offices) Convention, 1930, Hours of Work (Industry) Convention, 1919, Hours of Work and Manning (Sea) Convention, 1936, Industrial Revolution, International Labour Organization, International Workers' Day, International Workingmen's Association, Islamic Consultative Assembly, ..., James Stephens (trade unionist), Jędrzej Moraczewski, John Peter Altgeld, José Batlle y Ordóñez, Karl Marx, Kawasaki Shipbuilding Corporation, Kōjirō Matsukata, Knights of Labor, Kobe, Labor Standards Act (Japan), Labour Day, Labour power, Lucy Parsons, Luis Altamirano, Mexican Revolution, Ministry of Justice (Japan), Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Moomba, National Labor Union, New Deal, New Lanark, New South Wales, New Zealand, Northeastern United States, October Revolution, Overtime, P. H. McCarthy, Pediment, Peru, Planing mill, Prime Minister of Poland, Progressive Party (United States, 1912), Puerto Rico, Robert Owen, Rowan Cahill, Saber noise, Samuel Duncan Parnell, Second International, Sidney Webb, 1st Baron Passfield, Slowdown, Social Democratic Federation, Social movement, Soviet Decree, Supreme Court of the United States, Tehran, Terence V. Powderly, Theodore Roosevelt, Thomas W. Williams (Los Angeles), Tom Mann, Trades Union Congress, Treaty of Versailles, United Mine Workers, United States presidential election, 1912, University of Melbourne, Uruguay, Victorian Trades Hall, Victorian Trades Hall Council, Wellington, William Cargill, Work–life balance, Working time, Workweek and weekend, World War I, 1835 Philadelphia general strike. Expand index (64 more) »

Adamson Act

The Adamson Act was a United States federal law passed in 1916 that established an eight-hour workday, with additional pay for overtime work, for interstate railroad workers.

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Albert Parsons

Albert Richard Parsons (1848–1887) was a pioneer American socialist and later anarchist newspaper editor, orator, and labor activist.

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Alcoy, Spain

Alcoy or Alcoi is an industrial and university city, region and municipality located in the province of Alicante, Spain.

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American Federation of Labor

The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was a national federation of labor unions in the United States founded in Columbus, Ohio, in December 1886 by an alliance of craft unions disaffected from the Knights of Labor, a national labor union.

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An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand

An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand was an official encyclopedia about New Zealand, published by the Government of New Zealand in 1966.

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Arbeiter-Zeitung (Chicago)

The Arbeiter-Zeitung, also known as the Chicagoer Arbeiter-Zeitung, a German language radical newspaper, was started in Chicago, Illinois, in 1877 by veterans of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877.

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Auckland is a city in New Zealand's North Island.

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August Spies

August Vincent Theodore Spies (December 10, 1855 – November 11, 1887) was an American upholsterer, radical labor activist, and newspaper editor.

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Australian labour movement

The Australian labour movement has its origins in the early 19th century and includes both trade unions and political activity.

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Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.

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Barcelona is a city in Spain.

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Bert Roth

Herbert Otto Roth (7 December 1917 – 27 May 1994) was a notable New Zealand socialist, labourer, librarian and historian.

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Bridgeport, Connecticut

Bridgeport is a historic seaport city in the U.S. state of Connecticut.

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Business day

A business day is considered every official work day of the week; another common term is work day.

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Cabinet (government)

A cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch.

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Carpentry is a skilled trade in which the primary work performed is the cutting, shaping and installation of building materials during the construction of buildings, ships, timber bridges, concrete formwork, etc.

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Catalonia (Catalunya, Catalonha, Cataluña) is an autonomous community in Spain on the northeastern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy.

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Chartism was a working-class movement for political reform in Britain that existed from 1838 to 1857.

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Child labour

Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.

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Council of People's Commissars

The Council of People's Commissars (Совет народных комиссаров or Совнарком, translit. Soviet narodnykh kommissarov or Sovnarkom, also as generic SNK) was a government institution formed shortly after the October Revolution in 1917.

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Das Kapital

Das Kapital, also known as Capital.

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A decree is a rule of law usually issued by a head of state (such as the president of a republic or a monarch), according to certain procedures (usually established in a constitution).

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Dunedin (Ōtepoti) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago region.

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Effects of overtime

Employees who work overtime hours experience numerous mental, physical, and social effects.

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Evonik Industries

Evonik Industries AG is an industrial corporation headquartered in Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, the largest specialty chemicals company in the world, owned by RAG Foundation.

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Factory Acts

The Factory Acts were a series of UK labour law Acts passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom to regulate the conditions of industrial employment.

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Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938

The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (abbreviated as FLSA) is a United States labor law that creates the right to a minimum wage, and "time-and-a-half" overtime pay when people work over forty hours a week.

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Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions

The Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions of the United States and Canada (FOTLU) was a federation of labor unions created on November 15, 1881, at Turner Hall in Pittsburgh.

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Flextime (also spelled flexitime, flex-time) is a flexible hours schedule that allows workers to alter workday start and finish times.

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Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.

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Four-day week

A four-day week is an arrangement where a workplace or school has its employees or students work or attend school over the course of four days rather than the more customary five.

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French Revolution of 1848

The 1848 Revolution in France, sometimes known as the February Revolution (révolution de Février), was one of a wave of revolutions in 1848 in Europe.

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Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.

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Geneva Congress (1866)

The Geneva Congress of 1866 is the common name assigned to the 1st General Congress of the International Workingmen's Association, held in Geneva, Switzerland from September 3 to 8, 1866.

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George Hunter (mayor)

George Hunter Esq., JP (1788 – 19 July 1843) was the first Mayor of Wellington, New Zealand in 1842–43.

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George Whitefield Davis

George Whitefield Davis (July 26, 1839 – July 12, 1918) was an engineer and Major General in the United States Army.

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Georges Clemenceau

Georges Benjamin Clemenceau (28 September 1841 – 24 November 1929) was a French politician, physician, and journalist who was Prime Minister of France during the First World War.

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German Revolution of 1918–19

The German Revolution or November Revolution (Novemberrevolution) was a civil conflict in the German Empire at the end of the First World War that resulted in the replacement of the German federal constitutional monarchy with a democratic parliamentary republic that later became known as the Weimar Republic.

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Government Junta of Chile (1924)

Government Junta of Chile (September 11, 1924 - January 23, 1925), (also known as the September Junta) was the political structure established to rule Chile following the anti-conservative military coup that assumed power after first interfering in progressive President Arturo Alessandri's deadlocked government.

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Harold Cox

Harold Cox (Tonbridge, Kent 1859 – 1 May 1936) was a Liberal MP for Preston from 1906 to 1909.

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Haymarket affair

The Haymarket affair (also known as the Haymarket massacre or Haymarket riot) was the aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labor demonstration on Tuesday, May 4, 1886, at Haymarket Square in Chicago.

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History of Chile

The territory of Chile has been populated since at least 3000 BC.

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Hours of Work (Commerce and Offices) Convention, 1930

Hours of Work (Commerce and Offices) Convention, 1930 is an International Labour Organization Convention.

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Hours of Work (Industry) Convention, 1919

Hours of Work (Industry) Convention, 1919 is an International Labour Organization Convention.

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Hours of Work and Manning (Sea) Convention, 1936

The Convention concerning Hours of Work on Board Ship and Manning or Hours of Work and Manning (Sea) Convention, 1936 is an International Labour Organization Convention which never entered into force.

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Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

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International Labour Organization

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.

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International Workers' Day

International Workers' Day, also known as Labour Day or Workers' Day in some countries and often referred to as May Day, is a celebration of labourers and the working classes that is promoted by the international labour movement which occurs every year on May Day (1 May), an ancient European spring festival.

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International Workingmen's Association

The International Workingmen's Association (IWA, 1864–1876), often called the First International, was an international organization which aimed at uniting a variety of different left-wing socialist, communist and anarchist political groups and trade union organizations that were based on the working class and class struggle.

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Islamic Consultative Assembly

The Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majles-e Showrā-ye Eslāmī), also called the Iranian Parliament, the Iranian Majlis (or Majles, مجلس), is the national legislative body of Iran.

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James Stephens (trade unionist)

James Stephens (8 August 1821 – 14 November 1889) was a stonemason, Chartist, and Australian trade unionist.

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Jędrzej Moraczewski

Jędrzej Edward Moraczewski (13 January 1870 – 5 August 1944) was a Polish socialist politician who served as the first Prime Minister of the Second Polish Republic between November 1918 and January 1919.

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John Peter Altgeld

John Peter Altgeld (December 30, 1847 – March 12, 1902) was an American politician and the 20th Governor of Illinois, serving from 1893 until 1897.

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José Batlle y Ordóñez

José Pablo Torcuato Batlle y Ordóñez (May 23, 1856 – October 20, 1929) was an Uruguayan politician who created the modern Uruguayan welfare state by his reforms.

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Karl Marx

Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.

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Kawasaki Shipbuilding Corporation

is the shipbuilding subsidiary of Kawasaki Heavy Industries.

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Kōjirō Matsukata

was a Japanese businessman who devoted his life and fortune to amassing a collection of Western art which, he hoped, would become the nucleus of a Japanese national museum focused particularly on masterworks of the Western art tradition.

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Knights of Labor

Knights of Labor (K of L), officially Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor, was the largest and one of the most important American labor organizations of the 1880s.

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is the sixth-largest city in Japan and the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture.

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Labor Standards Act (Japan)

The is a Japanese law.

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Labour Day

Labour Day (Labor Day in the United States) is an annual holiday to celebrate the achievements of workers.

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Labour power

Labour power (in German: Arbeitskraft; in French: force de travail) is a key concept used by Karl Marx in his critique of capitalist political economy.

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Lucy Parsons

Lucy Eldine Gonzalez Parsons (– March 7, 1942) was an American labor organizer, radical socialist and anarchist communist.

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Luis Altamirano

Division General Luis Altamirano Talavera (July 5, 1867 – July 25, 1938) was a Chilean military officer, minister, Vice President of the Republic and finally President of the Government Junta of Chile between 1924 and 1925.

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Mexican Revolution

The Mexican Revolution (Revolución Mexicana) was a major armed struggle,, that radically transformed Mexican culture and government.

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Ministry of Justice (Japan)

The is one of the cabinet level ministries of the Japanese government.

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Mitsubishi Heavy Industries

is a Japanese multinational engineering, electrical equipment and electronics company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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Moomba (also known as the Moomba Festival) is held annually in Melbourne, Australia.

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National Labor Union

The National Labor Union (NLU) was the first national labor federation in the United States.

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New Deal

The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States 1933-36, in response to the Great Depression.

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New Lanark

New Lanark is a village on the River Clyde, approximately 1.4 miles (2.2 kilometres) from Lanark, in Lanarkshire, and some southeast of Glasgow, Scotland.

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New South Wales

New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Northeastern United States

The Northeastern United States, also referred to as the American Northeast or simply the Northeast, is a geographical region of the United States bordered to the north by Canada, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Southern United States, and to the west by the Midwestern United States.

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October Revolution

The October Revolution (p), officially known in Soviet literature as the Great October Socialist Revolution (Вели́кая Октя́брьская социалисти́ческая револю́ция), and commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising, the Bolshevik Revolution, or the Bolshevik Coup, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917.

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Overtime is the amount of time someone works beyond normal working hours.

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P. H. McCarthy

Patrick Henry McCarthy (March 17, 1863 – July 1, 1933), generally known as P.H. McCarthy and sometimes, more jocularly, as "Pinhead", was an influential labor leader in San Francisco and the 29th Mayor of the City from 1910 to 1912.

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A pediment is an architectural element found particularly in classical, neoclassical and baroque architecture, and its derivatives, consisting of a gable, usually of a triangular shape, placed above the horizontal structure of the entablature, typically supported by columns.

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Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.

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Planing mill

A planing mill is a facility that takes cut and seasoned boards from a sawmill and turns them into finished dimensional lumber.

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Prime Minister of Poland

The President of the Council of Ministers (Polish: Prezes Rady Ministrów), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Poland (Polish: Premier Polski), is the leader of the cabinet and the head of government of Poland.

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Progressive Party (United States, 1912)

The Progressive Party was a third party in the United States formed in 1912 by former President Theodore Roosevelt after he lost the presidential nomination of the Republican Party to his former protégé, incumbent President William Howard Taft.

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Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.

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Robert Owen

Robert Owen (14 May 1771 – 17 November 1858) was a Welsh textile manufacturer, philanthropic social reformer, and one of the founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement.

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Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill (born 1945) is an Australian radical historian and journalist, with a background as a teacher and farmhand, who variously worked for the trade union movement as a rank and file activist, delegate and publicist.

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Saber noise

In Chilean history, saber noise or saber rattling (ruido de sables) was an incident that took place on September 3, 1924, when a group of young military officers protested against the political class and the postponement of social measures by rattling the scabbards (chapes) of their sabers against the floor.

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Samuel Duncan Parnell

Samuel Duncan Parnell (19 February 1810 – 17 December 1890) was an early New Zealand settler often credited with the establishment of the eight-hour day in New Zealand.

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Second International

The Second International (1889–1916), the original Socialist International, was an organization of socialist and labour parties formed in Paris on July 14, 1889.

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Sidney Webb, 1st Baron Passfield

Sidney James Webb, 1st Baron Passfield, (13 July 1859 – 13 October 1947) was a British socialist, economist, reformer and a co-founder of the London School of Economics.

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A slowdown (UK: go-slow) is an industrial action in which employees perform their duties but seek to reduce productivity or efficiency in their performance of these duties.

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Social Democratic Federation

The Social Democratic Federation (SDF) was established as Britain's first organised socialist political party by H. M. Hyndman, and had its first meeting on 7 June 1881.

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Social movement

A social movement is a type of group action.

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Soviet Decree

Decrees (декреты) were legislative acts of the highest Soviet institutions, primarily of the Council of People's Commissars (the highest executive body) and of the Supreme Soviet or VTsIK (the highest legislative body), issued between 1917 and 1924.

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Supreme Court of the United States

The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.

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Tehran (تهران) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province.

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Terence V. Powderly

Terence Vincent Powderly (January 22, 1849 – June 24, 1924) was an American labor union leader, politician and attorney, best known as head of the Knights of Labor in the late 1880s.

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Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.

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Thomas W. Williams (Los Angeles)

Thomas W. Williams (ca. 1867–1931) was a former coal miner, school principal and church minister who was a member of the Los Angeles, California, City Council between 1929 and 1931.

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Tom Mann

Thomas Mann (15 April 1856 – 13 March 1941) was a noted British trade unionist.

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Trades Union Congress

The Trades Union Congress (TUC) is a national trade union centre, a federation of trade unions in England and Wales, representing the majority of trade unions.

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Treaty of Versailles

The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.

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United Mine Workers

The United Mine Workers of America (UMW or UMWA) is a North American labor union best known for representing coal miners.

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United States presidential election, 1912

The United States presidential election of 1912 was the 32nd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1912.

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University of Melbourne

The University of Melbourne is a public research university located in Melbourne, Australia.

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Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.

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Victorian Trades Hall

Victorian Trades Hall is the headquarters of the Victorian Trades Hall Council.

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Victorian Trades Hall Council

The Victorian Trades Hall Council is a representative body of trade union organisations, known as a Labour council, in the State of Victoria, Australia.

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Wellington (Te Whanganui-a-Tara) is the capital city and second most populous urban area of New Zealand, with residents.

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William Cargill

William Walter Cargill (27 August 1784 – 6 August 1860) was the founder of the Otago settlement in New Zealand, after serving as an officer in the British Army.

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Work–life balance

Work–life balance is the term used to describe the balance that an individual needs between time allocated for work and other aspects of life.

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Working time

Working time is the period of time that a person spends at paid labor.

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Workweek and weekend

The workweek and weekend are those complementary parts of the week devoted to labour and rest, respectively.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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1835 Philadelphia general strike

The 1835 Philadelphia general strike took place in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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40-hour week, 8 hour day, 8 hour work day, 8 hours day, 8-hour day, 8-hour work day, 8-hour working day, Eight Hours Day, Eight hour day, Eight hour day movement, Eight hour work day, Eight hours principle, Eight-hour Day, Eight-hour day movement, Eight-hour work day, Eight-hour workday, Eight-hour working day, Nine-hour day.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eight-hour_day

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