117 relations: Anarchy, Bailey (castle), Baron Stafford, Beeching cuts, Bernard de Neufmarché, Bibliophilia, Black Mountains, Wales, Book town, Bookselling, Boy band, Brecknockshire, Brecon, Brecon and Radnorshire (Assembly constituency), Brecon and Radnorshire (UK Parliament constituency), Brecon Beacons National Park, Bridgend, Bronllys, Brycheiniog, Buellt, Builth Wells, Candida Lycett Green, Castle, Charter, Chepstow Castle, Christopher Dawson, Commote, Community (Wales), County town, Curtain wall (fortification), Cusop, Dendrochronology, Duke of Buckingham, Edward I of England, England, England–Wales border, Finding Violet Park, Five (band), Gatehouse, Germany, Goodrich Castle, Hay Festival, Hay-on-Wye railway station, Henry II of England, Herbert Rowse Armstrong, Hereford, Herefordshire, Historic counties of Wales, HowTheLightGetsIn Festival, Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford, Iain Finlayson, ..., Jamie Woon, Jason "J" Brown, Jasper Fforde, Jenny Valentine, John Betjeman, Josie Pearson, Keep, Knight, Lawrence M. Krauss, Lenition, Les Penning, Libin, Literary festival, Llywelyn the Great, Mali, Manorialism, Mansion, Marcher Lord, Market town, Member of parliament, Micronation, Mike Skinner (musician), Miles of Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford, Mortimer, Motte-and-bailey castle, Municipalities of Belgium, Natalie Bennett, New College of the Humanities, New Radnor, Norman architecture, Norman invasion of Wales, Normans, Old English, Owain Glyndŵr, Painscastle, Penelope Chetwode, Philosophy, Portcullis, Powys, Radnorshire, Redu, Richard Booth, River Wye, Robin Saikia, Roger Williams (British politician), Second Barons' War, Sedbergh, Sibyl de Neufmarché, Simon Blackburn, Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, Sister city, St Mary’s Church, Hay-on-Wye, Stephen, King of England, The Daily Telegraph, Thursday Next, Timbuktu, United Kingdom, Used book, Wales, Wars of the Roses, Welsh Marches, West Africa, Wigtown, William de Braose (died 1230), William de Braose, 1st Lord of Bramber, William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber, William FitzOsbern, 1st Earl of Hereford. Expand index (67 more) » « Shrink index
Anarchy is the condition of a society, entity, group of people, or a single person that rejects hierarchy.
A bailey or ward in a fortification is a courtyard enclosed by a curtain wall.
Baron Stafford, referring to Stafford, is a title that has been created several times in the Peerage of England.
The Beeching cuts (also Beeching Axe) were a reduction of route network and restructuring of the railways in Great Britain, according to a plan outlined in two reports, The Reshaping of British Railways (1963) and The Development of the Major Railway Trunk Routes (1965), written by Dr Richard Beeching and published by the British Railways Board.
Bernard of Neufmarché was "the first of the original conquerors of Wales." He was a minor Norman lord who rose to power in the Welsh Marches before successfully undertaking the invasion and conquest of the Kingdom of Brycheiniog between 1088 and 1095.
Bibliophilia or bibliophilism is the love of books, and a bibliophile or bookworm is an individual who loves and frequently reads books.
The Black Mountains (Y Mynyddoedd Duon) are a group of hills spread across parts of Powys and Monmouthshire in southeast Wales, and extending across the England–Wales border into Herefordshire.
A book town is a town or village with a large number of used book or antiquarian book stores.
Bookselling is the commercial trading of books which is the retail and distribution end of the publishing process.
A boy band (or boyband) is loosely defined as a vocal group consisting of young male singers, usually in their teenage years or in their twenties at the time of formation, singing love songs marketed towards young women.
Brecknockshire (Sir Frycheiniog), also known as the County of Brecknock, Breconshire, or the County of Brecon is one of thirteen historic counties of Wales, and a former administrative county.
Brecon (Aberhonddu), archaically known as Brecknock, is a market town and community in Powys, Wales, with a population in 2001 of 7,901, increasing to 8,250 at the 2011 census.
Brecon and Radnorshire is a constituency of the National Assembly for Wales.
Brecon and Radnorshire (Brycheiniog a Sir Faesyfed) is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Brecon Beacons National Park (Parc Cenedlaethol Bannau Brycheiniog) is one of three national parks in Wales, and is centred on the Brecon Beacons range of hills in southern Wales.
Bridgend (Pen-y-bont ar Ogwr (Pen-y-bont), meaning "the end (or head) of the bridge on the Ogmore") is a town in Bridgend County Borough in Wales, west of the capital Cardiff and east of Swansea.
Bronllys is a village and community in Powys, Wales between the nearby towns Brecon and Talgarth.
Brycheiniog was an independent kingdom in South Wales in the Early Middle Ages.
Buellt or Builth was a cantref in medieval Wales, located west of the River Wye.
Builth Wells (Llanfair ym Muallt) is a town and electoral ward in the county of Powys, within the historic boundaries of Brecknockshire, mid Wales, lying at the confluence of the River Wye and the River Irfon, in the Welsh (or Upper) section of the Wye Valley.
Candida Rose Lycett Green (née Betjeman; 22 September 194219 August 2014) was a British author who wrote sixteen books including English Cottages, Goodbye London, The Perfect English House, Over the Hills and Far Away and The Dangerous Edge of Things.
A castle (from castellum) is a type of fortified structure built during the Middle Ages by predominantly the nobility or royalty and by military orders.
A charter is the grant of authority or rights, stating that the granter formally recognizes the prerogative of the recipient to exercise the rights specified.
Chepstow Castle (Castell Cas-gwent) at Chepstow, Monmouthshire, Wales is the oldest surviving post-Roman stone fortification in Britain.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Christopher Henry Dawson FBA (12 October 1889, Hay Castle – 25 May 1970, Budleigh Salterton) was a British independent scholar, who wrote many books on cultural history and Christendom.
A commote (Welsh cwmwd, sometimes spelt in older documents as cymwd, plural cymydau, less frequently cymydoedd),Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru (University of Wales Dictionary), p. 643 was a secular division of land in Medieval Wales.
A community (cymuned) is a division of land in Wales that forms the lowest tier of local government in Wales.
A county town in Great Britain or Ireland is usually, but not always, the location of administrative or judicial functions within the county.
A curtain wall is a defensive wall between two towers (bastions) of a castle, fortress, or town.
Cusop is a village and civil parish in Herefordshire, England that lies at the foot of Cusop Hill next to the town of Hay-on-Wye in Wales.
Dendrochronology (or tree-ring dating) is the scientific method of dating tree rings (also called growth rings) to the exact year they were formed in order to analyze atmospheric conditions during different periods in history.
Duke of Buckingham, referring to Buckingham, is a title that has been created several times in the peerages of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom.
Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
The England–Wales border, sometimes the Wales–England border or the Anglo-Welsh border, is the border between England and Wales, two constituent countries of the United Kingdom.
Finding Violet Park, or Me, the Missing, and the Dead in the U.S., is a young adult novel by Jenny Valentine, published by HarperCollins in 2007.
Five (stylised as 5ive) are an English boy band from London consisting of members Sean Conlon, Ritchie Neville, and Scott Robinson.
A gatehouse is a building enclosing or accompanying a gateway for a town, religious house, castle, manor house, or other buildings of importance.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Goodrich Castle is a now ruinous Norman medieval castle north of the village of Goodrich in Herefordshire, England, controlling a key location between Monmouth and Ross-on-Wye.
The Hay Festival of Literature & Arts is an annual literature festival held in Hay-on-Wye, Powys, Wales, for ten days from May to June.
Hay was a railway station serving the town of Hay-on-Wye in Powys, Wales.
Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also partially controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany.
Herbert Rowse Armstrong TD.
Hereford is a cathedral city, civil parish and county town of Herefordshire, England.
Herefordshire is a county in the West Midlands of England, governed by Herefordshire Council.
The historic counties of Wales are sub-divisions of Wales.
HowTheLightGetsIn Festival is the world's largest philosophy and music festival, hosted by the Institute of Art and Ideas.
Humphrey (VI) de Bohun (c. 1249He was reported to be 18 ½ years old in the 51st year of the reign of Henry III, and 24 or 26 after the death of his grandfather in 1275. Cokayne (1910–59), pp. 463–6. – 31 December 1298), 3rd Earl of Hereford and 2nd Earl of Essex, was an English nobleman known primarily for his opposition to King Edward I over the Confirmatio Cartarum.Fritze and Robison, (2002).
Iain Finlayson (born 1945) is a Scottish writer and journalist.
Jamie Woon (born 29 March 1983) is a British singer, songwriter and record producer, signed to PMR Records who gained widespread acclaim in 2010 for his single, "Night Air", which was co-produced by Burial, following his previous independent release, Wayfaring Stranger EP.
Jason Paul "J" Brown (born 13 June 1976 in Aldershot, Hampshire, England) is an English former singer and rapper.
Jasper Fforde (born 11 January 1961) is a British novelist.
Jenny Valentine (born 1970) is a British children's novelist.
Sir John Betjeman (28 August 190619 May 1984) was an English poet, writer, and broadcaster who described himself in Who's Who as a "poet and hack".
Josie Rachel Pearson MBE (born 3 January 1986) is a Paralympian wheelchair rugby player and athlete from England.
A keep (from the Middle English kype) is a type of fortified tower built within castles during the Middle Ages by European nobility.
A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.
Lawrence Maxwell Krauss (born May 27, 1954) is an American-Canadian theoretical physicist and cosmologist who is Foundation Professor of the School of Earth and Space Exploration at Arizona State University, and director of its Origins Project.
In linguistics, lenition is a kind of sound change that alters consonants, making them more sonorous.
Les Penning is a British folk musician and composer, best known for his work with Mike Oldfield on the album Ommadawn and several of Oldfield's singles.
Libin is a Walloon municipality of Belgium located in the province of Luxembourg.
A literary festival, also known as a book festival or writers' festival, is a regular gathering of writers and readers, typically on an annual basis in a particular city.
Llywelyn the Great (Llywelyn Fawr), full name Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, (c. 117311 April 1240) was a Prince of Gwynedd in north Wales and eventually de facto ruler over most of Wales.
Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton.
Manorialism was an essential element of feudal society.
A mansion is a large dwelling house.
A Marcher Lord was a noble appointed by the King of England to guard the border (known as the Welsh Marches) between England and Wales.
Market town or market right is a legal term, originating in the Middle Ages, for a European settlement that has the right to host markets, distinguishing it from a village and city.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
A micronation, sometimes referred to as a model country or new country project, is an entity that claims to be an independent nation or state but is not recognized by world governments or major international organizations.
Michael Geoffrey Skinner (born 27 November 1978) is an English rapper, and record producer best known for the music project The Streets.
Miles FitzWalter of Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford, Lord of Brecknock (died 24 December 1143) was High Sheriff of Gloucester and Constable of England.
Mortimer is an English surname.
A motte-and-bailey castle is a fortification with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised earthwork called a motte, accompanied by an enclosed courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade.
Belgium comprises 589 municipalities (gemeenten; communes; Gemeinden) grouped into five provinces in each of two regions and into a third region, the Brussels-Capital Region, comprising 19 municipalities that do not belong to a province.
Natalie Louise Bennett (born 10 February 1966) is a British politician and journalist who led the Green Party of England and Wales from September 2012 to September 2016.
New College of the Humanities (NCH), legally Tertiary Education Services Ltd, is an independent, primarily undergraduate and master's degree college in London, England, UK, founded by the philosopher A. C. Grayling, who became its first Master.
New Radnor (Maesyfed) is a village in Powys, mid Wales.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The term Norman architecture is used to categorise styles of Romanesque architecture developed by the Normans in the various lands under their dominion or influence in the 11th and 12th centuries.
The Norman invasion of Wales began shortly after the Norman conquest of England under William the Conqueror, who believed England to be his birthright.
The Normans (Norman: Normaunds; Normands; Normanni) were the people who, in the 10th and 11th centuries, gave their name to Normandy, a region in France.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Owain Glyndŵr (c. 1359 – c. 1415), or Owain Glyn Dŵr, was a Welsh ruler and the last native Welshman to hold the title Prince of Wales (Tywysog Cymru) but to many, viewed as an unofficial king.
Painscastle (Welsh: Castell-paen) is a village and community in Powys, Wales and also a village which takes its name from the castle.
Penelope Valentine Hester Chetwode, Lady Betjeman (14 February 1910 – 11 April 1986) was an English travel writer.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
A portcullis (from the French porte coulissante, "sliding door") is a heavy vertically-closing gate typically found in medieval fortifications, consisting of a latticed grille made of wood, metal, or a combination of the two, which slides down grooves inset within each jamb of the gateway.
Powys is a principal area, a county and one of the preserved counties of Wales.
Radnor or Radnorshire (Sir Faesyfed) is a sparsely populated area, one of thirteen historic and former administrative counties of Wales.
Redu is a village in the municipality of Libin, in Luxembourg province, Belgium.
Richard George William Pitt Booth, MBE (born 12 September 1938), is a Welsh bookseller, known for his contribution to the success of Hay-on-Wye as a centre for second-hand bookselling.
The River Wye (Afon Gwy) is the fifth-longest river in the UK, stretching some from its source on Plynlimon in mid Wales to the Severn estuary.
Robin Saikia is a British writer.
Roger Hugh Williams, CBE (born 22 January 1948) is a Liberal Democrat politician in the UK.
The Second Barons' War (1264–1267) was a civil war in England between the forces of a number of barons led by Simon de Montfort against the royalist forces of King Henry III, led initially by the king himself and later by his son Prince Edward, the future King Edward I. The war featured a series of massacres of Jews by Montfort's supporters including his sons Henry and Simon, in attacks aimed at seizing and destroying evidence of Baronial debts.
Sedbergh is a small town and civil parish in Cumbria, England.
Sibyl de Neufmarché, Countess of Hereford, suo jure Lady of Brecknock (c. 1100 – after 1143), was a Cambro-Norman noblewoman, heiress to one of the most substantial fiefs in the Welsh Marches.
Simon Blackburn (born 12 July 1944) is an English academic philosopher known for his work in metaethics, where he defends quasi-realism, and in the philosophy of language; more recently, he has gained a large general audience from his efforts to popularise philosophy.
Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (– 4 August 1265), also called Simon de Munford and sometimes referred to as Simon V de Montfort to distinguish him from other Simons de Montfort, was a French-English nobleman who inherited the title and estates of the earldom of Leicester in England.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
St Mary's (also St Mary the Virgin) is an Anglican parish church in Hay-on-Wye, Brecknockshire, Powys, Wales.
Stephen (Étienne; – 25 October 1154), often referred to as Stephen of Blois, was King of England from 1135 to his death, as well as Count of Boulogne from 1125 until 1147 and Duke of Normandy from 1135 until 1144.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
Thursday Next is the protagonist in a series of comic fantasy, alternate history mystery novels by the British author Jasper Fforde.
Timbuktu, also spelt Tinbuktu, Timbuctoo and Timbuktoo (Tombouctou; Koyra Chiini: Tumbutu), is an ancient city in Mali, situated north of the Niger River.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
A used book or secondhand book is a book which has been owned before by an owner other than the publisher or retailer, usually by an individual or library.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
The Wars of the Roses were a series of English civil wars for control of the throne of England fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the House of Lancaster, associated with a red rose, and the House of York, whose symbol was a white rose.
The Welsh Marches (Y Mers) is an imprecisely defined area along and around the border between England and Wales in the United Kingdom.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
Wigtown (Baile na h-Ùige) is a town and former royal burgh in Wigtownshire, of which it is the county town, within the Dumfries and Galloway region in Scotland.
William de Braose (c. 1197 – 2 May 1230) was the son of Reginald de Braose by his first wife, Grecia Briwere.
William de Braose (or William de Briouze), First Lord of Bramber (died 1093/1096) was previously lord of Briouze, Normandy.
William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber (fl. 1135–1179) was a 12th-century Marcher lord who secured a foundation for the dominant position later held by the Braose family in the Welsh Marches.
William FitzOsbern (c. 1020 – 22 February 1071), Lord of Breteuil, in Normandy, was a relative and close counsellor of William the Conqueror and one of the great magnates of early Norman England.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.