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Mali

Index Mali

Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton. [1]

277 relations: Adansonia digitata, Adrar des Ifoghas, Africa, African empires, African Union, Aga Khan Foundation, Agbada, Agnosticism, Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, Algeria, Ali Farka Touré, Alliance for Democracy and Progress (Mali), Almoravid dynasty, Alpha Oumar Konaré, Amadou Hampâté Bâ, Amadou Sanogo, Amadou Toumani Touré, Angola, Ansar Dine, Arthropod, AS Real Bamako, Association football, Astronomy, Atheism, Azawad, Azawagh, Azawagh Arabs, Bamako, Bambara language, Bambara people, Banditry, Bassekou Kouyate, BBC News, Berbers, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Birth rate, Bomu language, Bozo language, Burkina Faso, Bwa people, Catholic Church in Mali, Central Bank of West African States, Cercles of Mali, CFA franc, Cholera, Civilian control of the military, Commander-in-chief, Communes of Mali, Compagnie malienne pour le développement du textile, Constitution of Mali, ..., Deforestation, Desert climate, Desertification, Dioncounda Traoré, Diplomatic recognition, Djenné, Djibril Tamsir Niane, Djoliba AC, Drinking water, Ebola virus disease in Mali, Economic Community of West African States, Escarpment Dogon, Ethnic religion, Eurobasket.com, European exploration of Africa, Famine, Federal Research Division, Female genital mutilation, FIBA, Fily Dabo Sissoko, Football in Mali, François Hollande, France, Freedom of religion, French Armed Forces, French language, French Sudan, Fufu, Fula language, Fula people, Gao Region, Ghana, Ghana Empire, Greenwich Mean Time, Griot, Guinea, Gur languages, Habib Koité, Hamchétou Maïga, Hassaniya Arabic, Head of state, Hippopotamus, History of Mali, Hydroelectricity, Hygiene, Ibn Battuta, Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, Immunization, Index of Mali-related articles, Infant mortality, Infection, Inner Niger Delta, International Center for Transitional Justice, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, International Development Association, International Monetary Fund, Islam, Islam in Mali, Islamism, Ivory Coast, John Iliffe (historian), Jollof rice, Judar Pasha, Judiciary, Kaolinite, Kassonke language, Kayes Region, Köppen climate classification, Khassonké people, Kidal Region, Kita Maninka language, Kora (instrument), Koulikoro Region, Koyraboro Senni, Lamb and mutton, Landlocked country, Languages of Africa, Le Mali, Legislature, Les Échos (Mali), Liberal democracy, Liberation Day, Liberia, Library of Congress, Life expectancy, Limestone, Lingua franca, List of countries and dependencies by area, List of countries by infant and under-five mortality rates, List of heads of state of Mali, List of Prime Ministers of Mali, Lutte Traditionnelle, Maafe, Maasina Fulfulde, Maize, Malaria, Mali Empire, Mali Federation, Mali women's national basketball team, Malian cuisine, Malian parliamentary election, 2013, Malian presidential election, 2013, Mali–United States relations, Malnutrition, Mancala, Mandé peoples, Mande languages, Mandinka language, Mandinka people, Massa Makan Diabaté, Mauritania, Ménaka Cercle, Ménaka Region, Military of Mali, Millet, Minyanka language, Modibo Keïta, Moors, Mopti Region, Mortality rate, Moussa Konaté, Moussa Traoré, Music of Mali, Muslim, National Assembly (Mali), National language, National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad, Ngoni (instrument), Niger, Niger River, Nigeria, Nomad, Northern Mali conflict, OHADA, Open Doors, Operation Serval, Oumou Sangaré, Outline of Mali, Oware, Phosphate, Pop music, Poverty threshold, Prix Renaudot, Protestantism, Public domain, Public transport, Regions of Mali, Religion in Mali, Rokia Traoré, Rough Guides, Saadi dynasty, Sahara, Sahel drought, Sahelian kingdoms, Salif Keita, Sand, Sanitation, Sankarani River, Ségou Region, Scramble for Africa, Secession, Secular state, Semi-arid climate, Semi-presidential system, Senara language, Senegal, Senegal River, Senufo people, Sharia, Sierra Leone, Sikasso Region, Slavery, Slavery in contemporary Africa, Slavery in Mali, Soil erosion, Songhai Empire, Songhai people, Soninke language, Soninke people, Sotelma, Soumeylou Boubèye Maïga, Spinach, Stade Malien, Sub-Saharan Africa, Sudan (region), Sundiata Keita, Sunni Islam, Tamasheq language, Taoudénit Region, Taxicab, Telecommunications in Mali, Telephone numbers in Mali, Temporary work, The World Factbook, Thermal equator, Timbuktu, Tinariwen, Tombouctou Region, Total fertility rate, Toumani Diabaté, Traditional African religions, Trans-Saharan trade, Tropical savanna climate, Tuareg people, Tuareg rebellion (2012), Tuberculosis, Unitary state, United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali, United States Department of State, Universal suffrage, University of Bamako, Varieties of Arabic, Water supply, West Africa, West African CFA franc, West African Craton, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Yambo Ouologuem, .ml, 10th parallel north, 13th meridian west, 2002 African Cup of Nations, 2008 Summer Olympics, 2012 Malian coup d'état, 25th parallel north, 5th meridian east. 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Adansonia digitata

Adansonia digitata, the baobab, is the most widespread of the Adansonia species, and is native to the African continent.

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Adrar des Ifoghas

The Adrar des Ifoghas (also Adrar des Iforas; Tamasheq: ⴰⴷⵔⴰⵔ ⵏ ⵉⴼⵓⵖⴰⵙ in Tifinagh; Adrar n Ifoghas; أدرار إيفوغاس Ifoghas' Mountain) is a massif in located in the Kidal Region of Mali, reaching into Algeria.

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Africa

Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).

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African empires

African empires is an umbrella term used in African studies to refer to a number of pre-colonial African kingdoms in Africa with multinational structures incorporating various populations and polities into a single entity, usually through conquest.

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African Union

The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent, extending slightly into Asia via the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.

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Aga Khan Foundation

The Aga Khan Foundation (AKF) is a private, not-for-profit international development agency, which was founded in 1967 by Prince Shah Al Hussaini, Aga Khan IV.

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Agbada

Agbada is one of the names for a flowing wide sleeved robe worn by men in much of West Africa, and to a lesser extent in North Africa, related to the dashiki suit.

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Agnosticism

Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown or unknowable.

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Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb

Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (Tanẓīm al-Qā‘idah fī Bilād al-Maghrib al-Islāmī), or AQIM, is an Islamist militant organization (of al-Qaeda) which aims to overthrow the Algerian government and institute an Islamic state.

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Algeria

Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.

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Ali Farka Touré

Ali Ibrahim "Ali Farka" Touré (31 October 1939 – 6 March 2006) was a Malian singer and multi-instrumentalist, and one of the African continent's most internationally renowned musicians.

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Alliance for Democracy and Progress (Mali)

The Alliance for Democracy and Progress (Alliance pour la démocratie et le progrès) was an alliance of political parties in Mali, that supported president Amadou Toumani Touré.

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Almoravid dynasty

The Almoravid dynasty (Imṛabḍen, ⵉⵎⵕⴰⴱⴹⴻⵏ; المرابطون, Al-Murābiṭūn) was an imperial Berber Muslim dynasty centered in Morocco.

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Alpha Oumar Konaré

Alpha Oumar Konaré (born 2 February 1946) is a former President of Mali for two five-year terms (1992 to 2002), and was Chairperson of the African Union Commission from 2003 to 2008.

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Amadou Hampâté Bâ

Amadou Hampâté Bâ (1900/1901 – 1991) was a Malian writer and ethnologist.

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Amadou Sanogo

Amadou Haya Sanogo (born 1972 or 1973) is a Malian military officer who was leader of the 2012 Malian coup d'état against President Amadou Toumani Touré.

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Amadou Toumani Touré

Amadou Toumani Touré (born 4 November 1948;, African Press Agency, 27 March 2007. also known as "ATT") is a Malian politician who was President of Mali from 2002 to 2012.

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Angola

Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.

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Ansar Dine

Ansar Dine (أنصار الدين ʾAnṣār ad-Dīn, also transliterated Ançar Deen; meaning "helpers of the (Islamic) religion" or "defenders of the faith") also known as Ansar al-Din (abbreviated as AAD) is a militant Islamist group led by Iyad Ag Ghaly, one of the most prominent leaders of the Tuareg Rebellion (1990–1995) who is suspected of having ties to Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, which is led by his cousin Hamada Ag Hama.

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Arthropod

An arthropod (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot") is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages.

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AS Real Bamako

AS Real Bamako is a Malian football club based in Bamako.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Astronomy

Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.

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Atheism

Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.

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Azawad

Azawad (Tuareg: ⴰⵣⴰⵓⴷ, Azawad; أزواد, ʾĀzawād) is the name given to northern Mali by Berbers Touareg rebels, as well as a former short-lived unrecognised proto-state.

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Azawagh

The Azawagh (alias Azaouagh or Azawak) is a dry basin covering what is today northwestern Niger, as well as parts of northeastern Mali and southern Algeria.

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Azawagh Arabs

The Azawagh Arabs (أزواغ عرب) (also known as nomadic Moors) are nomadic ethnic Arab-ancestry tribes who are settling mainly in the area of Azawagh which is a dry basin covering what is today northwestern Niger, as well as parts of northeastern Mali and southern Algeria.

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Bamako

Bamako is the capital and largest city of Mali, with a population of 1.8 million (2009 census, provisional).

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Bambara language

The Bambara (Bamana) language, Bamanankan, is a lingua franca and national language of Mali spoken by perhaps 15 million people, natively by 5 million Bambara people and about 10 million second-language users.

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Bambara people

The Bambara (Bamana or Banmana) are a Mandé ethnic group native to much of West Africa, primarily southern Mali, Guinea, Burkina Faso and Senegal.

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Banditry

Banditry is the life and practice of bandits.

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Bassekou Kouyate

Bassekou Kouyaté (born 1966) is a musician from Mali.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Berbers

Berbers or Amazighs (Berber: Imaziɣen, ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⴻⵏ; singular: Amaziɣ, ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗ) are an ethnic group indigenous to North Africa, primarily inhabiting Algeria, northern Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, northern Niger, Tunisia, Libya, and a part of western Egypt.

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Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), also known as the Gates Foundation, is a private foundation founded by Bill and Melinda Gates.

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Birth rate

The birth rate (technically, births/population rate) is the total number of live births per 1,000 in a population in a year or period.

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Bomu language

The Bo language of West Africa, Bomu (Boomu), also identified as Western Bobo Wule, is a Gur language of Burkina Faso and Mali.

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Bozo language

Bozo, or Boso, meaning house of straw, is a Mande language spoken by the Bozo people, the principal fishing people of the Inner Niger Delta in Mali.

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Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa.

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Bwa people

The Bwa or Bwaba (plural),Roy & Wheelock, p.50 or Bobo-Wule (Bobo-Oule), are an ethnic group indigenous to central Burkina Faso and Mali.

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Catholic Church in Mali

The Catholic Church in Mali is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.

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Central Bank of West African States

The Central Bank of West African States (Banque Centrale des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, BCEAO) is a central bank serving the eight west African countries which share the common West African CFA franc currency and comprise the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA).

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Cercles of Mali

A cercle is the second level administrative unit in Mali.

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CFA franc

The CFA franc (in French: franc CFA, or colloquially franc) is the name of two currencies used in parts of West and Central African countries which are guaranteed by the French treasury.

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Cholera

Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.

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Civilian control of the military

Civilian control of the military is a doctrine in military and political science that places ultimate responsibility for a country's strategic decision-making in the hands of the civilian political leadership, rather than professional military officers.

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Commander-in-chief

A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.

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Communes of Mali

A Commune is the third level administrative unit in Mali.

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Compagnie malienne pour le développement du textile

The Compagnie malienne pour le développement du textile (CMDT), created in 1974, is a Malian cotton company.

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Constitution of Mali

The 1992 Constitution of Mali was approved by a referendum on 12 January 1992 after being drawn up by a national conference in August 1991.

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Deforestation

Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.

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Desert climate

The Desert climate (in the Köppen climate classification BWh and BWk, sometimes also BWn), also known as an arid climate, is a climate in which precipitation is too low to sustain any vegetation at all, or at most a very scanty shrub, and does not meet the criteria to be classified as a polar climate.

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Desertification

Desertification is a type of land degradation in which a relatively dry area of land becomes increasingly arid, typically losing its bodies of water as well as vegetation and wildlife.

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Dioncounda Traoré

Dioncounda Traoré (born 23 February 1942) is a Malian politician who was President of Mali in an interim capacity from April 2012 to September 2013.

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Diplomatic recognition

Diplomatic recognition in international law is a unilateral political act with domestic and international legal consequences, whereby a state acknowledges an act or status of another state or government in control of a state (may be also a recognized state).

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Djenné

Djenné (also Djénné, Jenné and Jenne) is a town and an urban commune in the Inland Niger Delta region of central Mali.

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Djibril Tamsir Niane

Djibril Tamsir Niane (born 9 January 1932) is a historian, playwright, and short story writer, born in Conakry, Guinea.

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Djoliba AC

Djoliba Athletic Club is a Malian football club and one of the two biggest teams in Mali alongside the Stade Malien.

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Drinking water

Drinking water, also known as potable water, is water that is safe to drink or to use for food preparation.

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Ebola virus disease in Mali

Ebola virus disease in Mali occurred in October 2014, leading to concern about the possibility of an outbreak of Ebola in Mali.

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Economic Community of West African States

The Economic Community of West African States, also known as ECOWAS, is a regional economic union of fifteen countries located in West Africa.

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Escarpment Dogon

Escarpment Dogon is a continuum of Dogon dialects of the Bandiagara Escarpment, including the standard language.

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Ethnic religion

In religious studies, an ethnic religion (or indigenous religion) is a religion associated with a particular ethnic group.

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Eurobasket.com

Eurobasket.com is a basketball-centered website that aims to provide coverage of all the professional and semi-professional leagues around the world.

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European exploration of Africa

The geography of North Africa has been reasonably well known among Europeans since classical antiquity in Greco-Roman geography.

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Famine

A famine is a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors including war, inflation, crop failure, population imbalance, or government policies.

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Federal Research Division

The Federal Research Division (FRD) is the research and analysis unit of the United States Library of Congress.

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Female genital mutilation

Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia.

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FIBA

The International Basketball Federation, more commonly known as FIBA, FIBA World, or FIBA International, from its French name Fédération internationale de basket-ball, is an association of national organizations which governs international competition in basketball.

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Fily Dabo Sissoko

Fily Dabo Sissoko was a Malian author and political leader, born 15 May 1900 at Horokoto (French Soudan, now in Mali's Bafoulabé Cercle).

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Football in Mali

In Mali, football is played widely and followed avidly, football is the most popular sport in Mali.

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François Hollande

François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande (born 12 August 1954) is a French politician who served as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 2012 to 2017.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Freedom of religion

Freedom of religion is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance without government influence or intervention.

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French Armed Forces

The French Armed Forces (Forces armées françaises) encompass the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, the National Guard and the Gendarmerie of the French Republic.

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

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French Sudan

French Sudan (Soudan français; السودان الفرنسي) was a French colonial territory in the federation of French West Africa from around 1880 until 1960, when it became the independent state of Mali.

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Fufu

Fufu (variants of the name include foofoo, fufuo, foufou) is a staple food common in many countries in Africa such as Ghana, Liberia and Nigeria.

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Fula language

Fula Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh, also known as Fulani or Fulah (Fula: Fulfulde, Pulaar, Pular; Peul), is a language spoken as a set of various dialects in a continuum that stretches across some 20 countries in West and Central Africa.

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Fula people

The Fula people or Fulani or Fulany or Fulɓe (Fulɓe; Peul; Fulani or Hilani; Fula; Pël; Fulaw), numbering between 40 and 50 million people in total, are one of the largest ethnic groups in the Sahel and West Africa, widely dispersed across the region.

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Gao Region

The Gao Region is located in northeastern Mali.

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Ghana

Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.

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Ghana Empire

The Ghana Empire (700 until 1240), properly known as Awkar (Ghana or Ga'na being the title of its ruler), was located in the area of present-day southeastern Mauritania and western Mali.

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Greenwich Mean Time

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London.

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Griot

A griot, jali or jeli (djeli or djéli in French spelling) is a West African historian, storyteller, praise singer, poet and/or musician.

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Guinea

Guinea, officially the Republic of Guinea (République de Guinée), is a country on the western coast of Africa.

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Gur languages

The Gur languages, also known as Central Gur, belong to the Niger–Congo languages.

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Habib Koité

Habib Koité (Habib Kuwate, born 1958 in Thiès, Senegal) is a Malian musician, singer, songwriter based in Mali.

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Hamchétou Maïga

Hamchétou Maïga-Ba (born 25 April 1978 in Bamako) is a Malian professional women's basketball player most recently with the Minnesota Lynx of the WNBA.

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Hassaniya Arabic

Hassānīya (حسانية; also known as Hassaniyya, Klem El Bithan, Hasanya, Hassani, Hassaniya) is a variety of Maghrebi Arabic.

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Head of state

A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.

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Hippopotamus

The common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), or hippo, is a large, mostly herbivorous, semiaquatic mammal native to sub-Saharan Africa, and one of only two extant species in the family Hippopotamidae, the other being the pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis or Hexaprotodon liberiensis).

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History of Mali

Mali is located in Africa.

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Hydroelectricity

Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.

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Hygiene

Hygiene is a set of practices performed to preserve health.

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Ibn Battuta

Ibn Battuta (محمد ابن بطوطة; fully; Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي بن بطوطة) (February 25, 13041368 or 1369) was a Moroccan scholar who widely travelled the medieval world.

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Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta

Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta (born 29 January 1945), or as he is often known, IBK, is a Malian politician who has been President of Mali since 2013.

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Immunization

Immunization, or immunisation, is the process by which an individual's immune system becomes fortified against an agent (known as the immunogen).

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Index of Mali-related articles

Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to Mali include.

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Infant mortality

Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age.

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Infection

Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.

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Inner Niger Delta

The Inner Niger Delta, also known as the Macina or Masina, is the inland delta of the Niger River.

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International Center for Transitional Justice

The International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ) was founded in 2001 as a non-profit organization dedicated to pursuing accountability for mass atrocity and human rights abuse through transitional justice mechanisms.

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International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics

The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is an International organization which conducts agricultural research for rural development, headquartered in Patancheru (Hyderabad, Telangana, India) with several regional centers (Bamako (Mali), Nairobi (Kenya)) and research stations (Niamey (Niger), Kano (Nigeria), Lilongwe (Malawi), Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), Bulawayo (Zimbabwe)).

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International Development Association

The International Development Association (IDA) is an international financial institution which offers concessional loans and grants to the world's poorest developing countries.

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International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.

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Islam

IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Islam in Mali

Muslims currently make up approximately 95 percent of the population of Mali.

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Islamism

Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts.

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Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast, also known as Côte d'Ivoire and officially as the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a sovereign state located in West Africa.

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John Iliffe (historian)

John Iliffe (born 1 May 1939) is a British historian, specialising in the history of Africa and especially Tanzania.

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Jollof rice

Jollof rice or just jollof, also called Benachin (Wolof: "one pot"), is a one-pot rice dish popular in many West African countries.

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Judar Pasha

Judar Pasha (جؤذر باشا) was a Spanish military leader and the conqueror of the Songhai Empire.

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Judiciary

The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.

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Kaolinite

Kaolinite is a clay mineral, part of the group of industrial minerals, with the chemical composition Al2Si2O5(OH)4.

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Kassonke language

The Kassonke (Khassonké) language, Xaasongaxango (Xasonga), or Western Maninka (Malinke), is a Manding language spoken by the Khassonké of western Mali and by the Malinke of eastern Senegal.

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Kayes Region

Kayes Region is one of eight first level national subdivisions in Mali called “Regions”.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Khassonké people

The Khassonké (CAH-KES-SON-QUE) are an ethnic group of Mali's Kayes Region.

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Kidal Region

Kidal Region is the eighth administrative region of Mali, covering.

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Kita Maninka language

Kita Maninkakan, or Central Malinke, is a Manding language spoken by close to a million people in Mali, where it is a national language.

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Kora (instrument)

The kora is a 21-string lute-bridge-harp used extensively in West Africa.

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Koulikoro Region

Koulikoro Region is a region in western Mali.

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Koyraboro Senni

Koyraboro Senni (or Eastern Songhay, Koroboro Senni, Koyra Senni) is a member of the Songhay languages of Mali and is spoken by some 400,000 people along the Niger River from the town of Gourma-Rharous, east of Timbuktu, through Bourem, Gao and Ansongo to the Mali–Niger border.

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Lamb and mutton

Lamb, hogget, and mutton are the meat of domestic sheep (species Ovis aries) at different ages.

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Landlocked country

A landlocked state or landlocked country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas.

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Languages of Africa

The languages of Africa are divided into six major language families.

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Le Mali

Le Mali (popularly known as Pour l'Afrique et pour toi, Mali – French: For Africa and for you, Mali or A ton appel Mali – French: At your call, Mali) is the national anthem of Mali.

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Legislature

A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.

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Les Échos (Mali)

Les Échos is a daily French-language newspaper published in Bamako, Mali.

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Liberal democracy

Liberal democracy is a liberal political ideology and a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of classical liberalism.

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Liberation Day

Liberation Day is a day, often a public holiday, that marks the liberation of a place, similar to an independence day.

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Liberia

Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.

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Library of Congress

The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.

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Life expectancy

Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age and other demographic factors including gender.

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Limestone

Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.

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Lingua franca

A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.

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List of countries and dependencies by area

This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.

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List of countries by infant and under-five mortality rates

The under-five mortality rate is the number of deaths of infants and children under five years old per 1000 live births.

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List of heads of state of Mali

This is a list of heads of state of Mali since the country gained independence from France in 1960 to the present day.

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List of Prime Ministers of Mali

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Mali since the country gained independence from France in 1960 to the present day.

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Lutte Traditionnelle

Lutte Traditionnelle (fr. for Traditional Wrestling) is the name used to describe related styles of West African folk wrestling, known as Laamb in Senegal, Boreh in The Gambia, Evala in Togo, and KoKowa / Kokawa in Hausa areas of Nigeria and Niger, or simply Lutte Traditionnelle, in Niger and Burkina Faso.

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Maafe

Maafe (Wolof; var. mafé, maffé, maffe, sauce d'arachide (French), tigadèguèna or tigadegena (Bamana; literally 'peanut butter sauce'), or groundnut stew, is a stew or sauce (depending on water content) common to much of West Africa. It originates from the Mandinka and Bambara people of Mali. Variants of the dish appear in the cuisine of nations throughout West Africa and Central Africa.

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Maasina Fulfulde

Maasina Fulfulde (or Maasinankoore in the language itself) is a Fula language spoken primarily as a first language by Fula people and associated groups in the Inner Niger Delta area traditionally known as Macina in the center of what is now the West African state of Mali.

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Maize

Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.

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Malaria

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.

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Mali Empire

The Mali Empire (Manding: Nyeni or Niani; also historically referred to as the Manden Kurufaba, sometimes shortened to Manden) was an empire in West Africa from 1230 to 1670.

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Mali Federation

The Mali Federation (Fédération du Mali) was a federation in West Africa linking the French colonies of Senegal and the Sudanese Republic (or French Sudan) for a period of only two months in 1960.

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Mali women's national basketball team

The Mali women's national basketball team is the nationally controlled basketball team representing Mali at world basketball competitions for women.

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Malian cuisine

Malian cuisine includes rice and millet as staples of Mali, a food culture heavily based on cereal grains.

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Malian parliamentary election, 2013

Parliamentary elections were held in Mali on 24 November 2013.

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Malian presidential election, 2013

Presidential elections were held in Mali on 28 July 2013, with a second round run-off held on 11 August.

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Mali–United States relations

Mali-United States relations, while historically friendly, were radically altered by the March 2012 military coup in Mali that ousted the previous democratic government.

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Malnutrition

Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.

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Mancala

Mancala is one of the oldest games played.

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Mandé peoples

Mandé is a family of ethnic groups in Western Africa who speak any of the many related Mande languages of the region.

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Mande languages

The Mande languages are spoken in several countries in Africa by the Mandé people and include Maninka, Mandinka, Soninke, Bambara, Dioula, Bozo, Mende, Susu, and Vai.

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Mandinka language

The Mandinka language (Mandi'nka kango), or Mandingo, is a Mandé language spoken by the Mandinka people of the Casamance region of Senegal, the Gambia, and northern Guinea-Bissau.

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Mandinka people

The Mandinka (also known as Mandenka, Mandinko, Mandingo, Manding or Malinke) are an African ethnic group with an estimated global population of 11 million (the other three largest ethnic groups in Africa being the unrelated Fula, Hausa and Songhai peoples).

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Massa Makan Diabaté

Massa Makan Diabaté (1938 – January 27, 1988) was a Malian historian, author, and playwright.

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Mauritania

Mauritania (موريتانيا; Gànnaar; Soninke: Murutaane; Pulaar: Moritani; Mauritanie), officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of Northwestern Africa.

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Ménaka Cercle

Ménaka Cercle is an administrative subdivision of Ménaka Region, Mali.

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Ménaka Region

Ménaka is a region of Mali legislatively created in 2012 from the cercle of the same name previously part of Gao Region.

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Military of Mali

The military of the Republic of Mali consists of the Army (Armee de Terre), Republic of Mali Air Force (Force Aerienne de la Republique du Mali), and National Guard (Garde National du Mali).

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Millet

Millets (/ˈmɪlɪts/) are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food.

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Minyanka language

Minyanka (also known as Mamara, Miniyanka, Minya, Mianka, Minianka, or Tupiire) is a northern Senufo language spoken by about 750,000 people in southeastern Mali.

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Modibo Keïta

Modibo Keïta (4 June 1915 – 16 May 1977) was the first President of Mali (1960–1968) and the Prime Minister of the Mali Federation.

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Moors

The term "Moors" refers primarily to the Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and Malta during the Middle Ages.

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Mopti Region

Mopti is the fifth administrative region of Mali, covering 79,017 km2.

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Mortality rate

Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.

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Moussa Konaté

Moussa Konaté (1951 – 30 November 2013) was a Malian writer who was born in Kita.

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Moussa Traoré

Moussa Traoré (born 25 September 1936) is a Malian soldier and politician who was President of Mali from 1968 to 1991.

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Music of Mali

The Music of Mali is, like that of most African nations, ethnically diverse, but one influence predominates; that of the ancient Mali Empire of the Mandinka (from c. 1230 to c. 1600).

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Muslim

A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.

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National Assembly (Mali)

The National Assembly of Mali is the unicameral country's legislative body of 147 voting members.

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National language

A national language is a language (or language variant, e.g. dialect) that has some connection—de facto or de jure—with people and the territory they occupy.

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National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad

The National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad or the Azawad National Liberation Movement (Tamasheq: ⵜⴰⵏⴾⵔⴰ ⵏ ⵜⵓⵎⴰⵙⵜ ⴹ ⴰⵙⵍⴰⵍⵓ ⵏ ⴰⵣⴰⵓⴷ, الحركة الوطنية لتحرير أزواد al-Ḥarakat al-Waṭaniyat Litaḥrīr ʾĀzawād, Mouvement national de libération de l'Azawad; MNLA), formerly the National Movement of Azawad (Mouvement national de l'Azawad; MNA), is a political and military organisation based in Azawad in northern Mali.

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Ngoni (instrument)

The ngoni or "n'goni" is a string instrument originating in West Africa.

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Niger

Niger, also called the Niger officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa named after the Niger River.

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Niger River

The Niger River is the principal river of West Africa, extending about.

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Nigeria

Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.

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Nomad

A nomad (νομάς, nomas, plural tribe) is a member of a community of people who live in different locations, moving from one place to another in search of grasslands for their animals.

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Northern Mali conflict

The Northern Mali Conflict, Mali Civil War, or Mali War refers to armed conflicts that started from January 2012 between the northern and southern parts of Mali in Africa.

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OHADA

OHADA is a system of corporate law and implementing institutions adopted by seventeen West and Central African nations in 1993 in Port Louis, Mauritius.

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Open Doors

Open Doors is a non-denominational mission supporting persecuted Christians in over 70 countries where Christianity is socially or legally discouraged or oppressed.

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Operation Serval

Operation Serval (Opération Serval) was a French military operation in Mali.

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Oumou Sangaré

Oumou Sangaré (born February 25, 1968 in Bamako, Mali) is a Grammy Award-winning Malian Wassoulou musician, sometimes referred to as "The Songbird of Wassoulou".

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Outline of Mali

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Mali: Mali – landlocked sovereign country located in West Africa.

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Oware

Oware is an Ashanti abstract strategy game among the Mancala family of board games (pit and pebble games) played worldwide with slight variations as to the layout of the game, number of players and strategy of play.

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Phosphate

A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.

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Pop music

Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s.

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Poverty threshold

The poverty threshold, poverty limit or poverty line is the minimum level of income deemed adequate in a particular country.

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Prix Renaudot

The Prix Théophraste-Renaudot or Prix Renaudot is a French literary award which was created in 1926 by 10 art critics awaiting the results of deliberation of the jury of the Prix Goncourt.

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Protestantism

Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.

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Public domain

The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply.

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Public transport

Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.

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Regions of Mali

Since 2016, Mali has been divided into ten regions and one capital district.

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Religion in Mali

An estimated 90 percent of Malians are Muslim, mostly Sunni belonging to Maliki school of jurisprudence influenced with Sufism.

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Rokia Traoré

Rokia Traoré (born January 26, 1974) is a Malian singer, songwriter and guitarist.

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Rough Guides

Rough Guides Ltd is a British travel guidebook and reference publisher, since November 2017 owned by APA Publications.

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Saadi dynasty

The Saadi dynasty or Saadian dynasty (السعديون as-saʿadiūn; ⵉⵙⵄⴷⵉⵢⵏ Isɛdiyen) was an arab Moroccan dynasty, which ruled Morocco from 1549 to 1659.

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Sahara

The Sahara (الصحراء الكبرى,, 'the Great Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic.

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Sahel drought

The Sahel has long experienced a series of historic droughts, dating back to at least the 17th century.

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Sahelian kingdoms

The Sahelian kingdoms were a series of kingdoms or empires that were centered on the Sahel, the area of grasslands south of the Sahara.

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Salif Keita

Salif Keïta (born August 25, 1949) is an afro-pop singer-songwriter from Mali.

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Sand

Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.

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Sanitation

Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.

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Sankarani River

The Sankarani River is a tributary of the Niger River.

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Ségou Region

Ségou Region is an administrative region in Mali, situated in the centre of the country with an area of 64,821 km2 (around 5% of Mali).

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Scramble for Africa

The Scramble for Africa was the occupation, division, and colonization of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914.

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Secession

Secession (derived from the Latin term secessio) is the withdrawal of a group from a larger entity, especially a political entity, but also from any organization, union or military alliance.

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Secular state

A secular state is an idea pertaining to secularism, whereby a state is or purports to be officially neutral in matters of religion, supporting neither religion nor irreligion.

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Semi-arid climate

A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate.

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Semi-presidential system

A semi-presidential system or dual executive system is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter two being responsible for the legislature of a state.

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Senara language

Senara (Niangolo), one of a cluster of languages called Senari, is a Senufo language of Burkina Faso and Mali.

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Senegal

Senegal (Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.

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Senegal River

The Senegal River (نهر السنغال, Fleuve Sénégal) is a long river in West Africa that forms the border between Senegal and Mauritania.

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Senufo people

The Senufo people, also known as Siena, Senefo, Sene, Senoufo, Syénambélé and Bamana, are a West African ethnolinguistic group.

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Sharia

Sharia, Sharia law, or Islamic law (شريعة) is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.

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Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.

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Sikasso Region

Sikasso Region is the southern-most region of Mali.

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Slavery

Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.

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Slavery in contemporary Africa

The continent of Africa is one of the regions most rife with contemporary slavery.

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Slavery in Mali

Slavery in Mali exists today, with as many as 200,000 people held in direct servitude to a master.

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Soil erosion

Soil erosion is the displacement of the upper layer of soil, one form of soil degradation.

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Songhai Empire

The Songhai Empire (also transliterated as Songhay) was a state that dominated the western Sahel in the 15th and 16th century.

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Songhai people

The Songhai people (also Songhay or Sonrai) are an ethnic group in West Africa who speak the various Songhai languages.

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Soninke language

The Soninke language (Soninke: Sooninkanxanne) is a Mande language spoken by the Soninke people of Africa.

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Soninke people

The Soninke, also called Sarakole, Seraculeh, or Serahuli, are a West African ethnic group found in eastern Senegal and its capital Dakar, northwestern Mali and Foute Djalon in Guinea, and southern Mauritania.

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Sotelma

Sotelma is a private telecommunications company in Mali.

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Soumeylou Boubèye Maïga

Soumeylou Boubèye Maïga (born 8 June 1954) is a Malian politician and the Prime Minister of Mali since 31 December 2017.

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Spinach

Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is an edible flowering plant in the family Amaranthaceae native to central and western Asia.

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Stade Malien

Stade Malien is a Malian football and sports club based in Bamako.

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Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.

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Sudan (region)

The Sudan is the geographic region to the south of the Sahara, stretching from Western to eastern Central Africa.

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Sundiata Keita

Sundiata Keita (Mandinka, Malinke, Bambara) (1217 – c. 1255) (also known as Manding Diara, Lion of Mali, Sogolon Djata, son of Sogolon, Nare Maghan and Sogo Sogo Simbon Salaba) was a puissant prince and founder of the Mali Empire.

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Sunni Islam

Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.

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Tamasheq language

Tamasheq is a variety of the Tuareg languages.

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Taoudénit Region

Taoudénit is a region of Mali legislatively created in 2012 from the northern part of Timbuktu Cercle in Tombouctou Region.

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Taxicab

A taxicab, also known as a taxi or a cab, is a type of vehicle for hire with a driver, used by a single passenger or small group of passengers, often for a non-shared ride.

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Telecommunications in Mali

Mali, a large, landlocked, multicultural country in West Africa, consistently ranks low in the Human Development Index.

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Telephone numbers in Mali

Country Code: +223 International Call Prefix: 00 Trunk Prefix: 0 In Mali the NSN length is 8 digits.65200267.

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Temporary work

Temporary work or temporary employment (also called oddjobs) refers to an employment situation where the working arrangement is limited to a certain period of time based on the needs of the employing organization.

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The World Factbook

The World Factbook, also known as the CIA World Factbook, is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.

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Thermal equator

The thermal equator (also known as "the heat equator") is a belt encircling the Earth, defined by the set of locations having the highest mean annual temperature at each longitude around the globe.

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Timbuktu

Timbuktu, also spelt Tinbuktu, Timbuctoo and Timbuktoo (Tombouctou; Koyra Chiini: Tumbutu), is an ancient city in Mali, situated north of the Niger River.

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Tinariwen

Tinariwen (Tamasheq: ⵜⵏⵔⵓⵏ, with vowels ⵜⵉⵏⴰⵔⵉⵓⴻⵏ, pronounced tinariwen "deserts", plural of ténéré "desert") is a Grammy Award-winning group of Tuareg musicians from the Sahara Desert region of northern Mali.

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Tombouctou Region

Tombouctou Region is one of the administrative regions of Mali.

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Total fertility rate

The total fertility rate (TFR), sometimes also called the fertility rate, absolute/potential natality, period total fertility rate (PTFR), or total period fertility rate (TPFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if.

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Toumani Diabaté

Toumani Diabaté (born August 10, 1965) is a Malian kora player.

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Traditional African religions

The traditional African religions (or traditional beliefs and practices of African people) are a set of highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions.

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Trans-Saharan trade

Trans-Saharan trade requires travel across the Sahara (north and south) to reach sub-Saharan Africa from the North African coast, Europe, to the Levant.

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Tropical savanna climate

Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification categories "Aw" and "As".

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Tuareg people

The Tuareg people (also spelt Twareg or Touareg; endonym: Kel Tamasheq, Kel Tagelmust) are a large Berber ethnic confederation.

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Tuareg rebellion (2012)

The Tuareg Rebellion of 2012 was an early stage of the Northern Mali conflict; from January to April 2012, a war was waged against the Malian government by rebels with the goal of attaining independence for the northern region of Mali, known as Azawad.

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Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).

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Unitary state

A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.

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United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali

The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations unies pour la stabilisation au Mali, MINUSMA) is a United Nations peacekeeping mission in Mali.

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United States Department of State

The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.

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Universal suffrage

The concept of universal suffrage, also known as general suffrage or common suffrage, consists of the right to vote of all adult citizens, regardless of property ownership, income, race, or ethnicity, subject only to minor exceptions.

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University of Bamako

The University of Bamako (Université de Bamako) is a public university in Bamako, the capital of Mali.

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Varieties of Arabic

There are many varieties of Arabic (dialects or otherwise) in existence.

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Water supply

Water supply is the provision of water by public utilities commercial organisations, community endeavors or by individuals, usually via a system of pumps and pipes.

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West Africa

West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.

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West African CFA franc

The West African CFA franc (franc CFA; franco CFA or simply franc, ISO 4217 code: XOF) is the currency of eight independent states in West Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo.

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West African Craton

The West African Craton (WAC) is one of the five cratons of the Precambrian basement rock of Africa that make up the African Plate, the others being the Kalahari craton, Congo craton, Saharan Metacraton and Tanzania Craton.

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World Bank

The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.

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World Trade Organization

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.

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Yambo Ouologuem

Yambo Ouologuem (August 22, 1940 – October 14, 2017) was a Malian writer.

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.ml

.ml is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Mali.

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10th parallel north

The 10th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 10 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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13th meridian west

The meridian 13° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, the Atlantic Ocean, Africa, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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2002 African Cup of Nations

The 2002 African Cup of Nations was the 23rd edition of the Africa Cup of Nations, the association football championship of Africa (CAF).

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2008 Summer Olympics

The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 8 to 24 August 2008 in Beijing, China.

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2012 Malian coup d'état

The 2012 Malian coup d'état began on 21 March that year, when mutinying Malian soldiers, displeased with the management of the Tuareg rebellion, attacked several locations in the capital Bamako, including the presidential palace, state television, and military barracks.

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25th parallel north

The 25th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 25 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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5th meridian east

The meridian 5° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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Redirects here:

Administrative divisions of Mali, ISO 3166-1:ML, MALI, Mali ka Fasojamana, Malian Republic, Malinese, Republic of Mali, Republique Du Mali, République du Mali, Sport in Mali, Subdivisions of Mali, The Republic of Mali.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mali

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