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John Herschel

Index John Herschel

Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet (7 March 1792 – 11 May 1871) was an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, experimental photographer who invented the blueprint, and did botanical work. [1]

117 relations: Actinometer, Admiral (Royal Navy), Alexander Hamilton-Gordon (British Army officer, born 1817), Alexander Stewart Herschel, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Philosophical Society, Anthotype, Ariel (moon), Astronomer, Astronomische Nachrichten, Astronomy, Blueprint, Botany, Buckinghamshire, Calendar year, Camera lucida, Cape Town, Caroline Herschel, Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars, Catastrophism, Charles Babbage, Charles Darwin, Charles Lyell, Chemist, Chrysotype, Color blindness, Copley Medal, Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Cyanotype, Dione (moon), Duke of Sussex, Enceladus, Encyclopædia Britannica, Equinox, Eta Carinae, Eton College, French Academy of Sciences, George Peacock, Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, Great Moon Hoax, Halide, Halley's Comet, Hawkhurst, Henry Collen, Henry Fox Talbot, Herschel baronets, Herschel Girls' School, Iapetus (moon), Iliad, Indian Civil Service (British India), ..., Inductive reasoning, J. Herschel (crater), James South, John Franklin, John Herschel the Younger, John Maclear, Julian day, Kent, Lalande Prize, Library of Congress, List of photographic processes, List of works in Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopædia, Louis Daguerre, Master of the Mint, Mathematician, Mimas (moon), Moons of Saturn, Moons of Uranus, Mount Herschel, Natural philosophy, Natural theology, Navigational Aids for the History of Science, Technology, and the Environment Project, Oberon (moon), On the Origin of Species, Photochemistry, Photographer, Photographic fixer, Photography, Physical law, Polymath, President of the Royal Astronomical Society, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, Rhea (moon), Richard Jones (economist), Richard Lalor Sheil, Robert FitzRoy, Royal Guelphic Order, Royal Medal, Royal Society, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Saturn, Senior Wrangler (University of Cambridge), Sir William Herschel, 2nd Baronet, Slough, Smith's Prize, Sodium thiosulfate, St John's College, Cambridge, Table Mountain, Tethys (moon), The Sun (New York City), The Voyage of the Beagle, Thomas Francis Wade, Thomas Graham (chemist), Thomas Maclear, Titan (moon), Titania (moon), Tropical year, Ultraviolet, Umbriel (moon), University of Cambridge, University of Edinburgh, Uranus, Westminster Abbey, William Herschel, William Whewell, William Willis (inventor), Yukon. Expand index (67 more) »

Actinometer

Actinometers are instruments used to measure the heating power of radiation.

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Admiral (Royal Navy)

Admiral is a senior rank of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom, which equates to the NATO rank code OF-9, outranked only by the rank admiral of the fleet.

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Alexander Hamilton-Gordon (British Army officer, born 1817)

General The Honourable Sir Alexander Hamilton-Gordon (11 December 1817 – 18 May 1890), was a Scottish soldier and Liberal Party politician.

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Alexander Stewart Herschel

Professor Alexander Stewart Herschel (5 February 1836 – 18 June 1907) was a British astronomer.

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American Academy of Arts and Sciences

The American Academy of Arts and Sciences is one of the oldest learned societies in the United States of America.

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American Philosophical Society

The American Philosophical Society (APS), founded in 1743 and located in Philadelphia, is an eminent scholarly organization of international reputation that promotes useful knowledge in the sciences and humanities through excellence in scholarly research, professional meetings, publications, library resources, and community outreach.

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Anthotype

An anthotype is an image created using photosensitive material from plants.

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Ariel (moon)

Ariel is the fourth-largest of the 27 known moons of Uranus.

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Astronomer

An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth.

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Astronomische Nachrichten

Astronomische Nachrichten (Astronomical Notes), one of the first international journals in the field of astronomy, was founded in 1821 by the German astronomer Heinrich Christian Schumacher.

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Astronomy

Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.

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Blueprint

A blueprint is a reproduction of a technical drawing, an architectural plan, or an engineering design, using a contact print process on light-sensitive sheets.

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Botany

Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.

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Buckinghamshire

Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.

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Calendar year

Generally speaking, a calendar year begins on the New Year's Day of the given calendar system and ends on the day before the following New Year's Day, and thus consists of a whole number of days.

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Camera lucida

A camera lucida is an optical device used as a drawing aid by artists.

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Cape Town

Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.

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Caroline Herschel

Caroline Lucretia Herschel (16 March 1750 – 9 January 1848) was a German astronomer, whose most significant contributions to astronomy were the discoveries of several comets, including the periodic comet 35P/Herschel–Rigollet, which bears her name.

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Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars

The Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars (CN) is an astronomical catalogue of nebulae first published in 1786 by William Herschel, with the assistance of his sister Caroline Herschel.

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Catastrophism

Catastrophism was the theory that the Earth had largely been shaped by sudden, short-lived, violent events, possibly worldwide in scope.

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Charles Babbage

Charles Babbage (26 December 1791 – 18 October 1871) was an English polymath.

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Charles Darwin

Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.

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Charles Lyell

Sir Charles Lyell, 1st Baronet, (14 November 1797 – 22 February 1875) was a Scottish geologist who popularised the revolutionary work of James Hutton.

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Chemist

A chemist (from Greek chēm (ía) alchemy; replacing chymist from Medieval Latin alchimista) is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry.

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Chrysotype

Chrysotype (also known as a chripotype or gold print) is a photographic process invented by John Herschel in 1842.

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Color blindness

Color blindness, also known as color vision deficiency, is the decreased ability to see color or differences in color.

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Copley Medal

The Copley Medal is a scientific award given by the Royal Society, for "outstanding achievements in research in any branch of science." It alternates between the physical and the biological sciences.

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Correspondence of Charles Darwin

The British naturalist Charles Darwin corresponded with numerous other luminaries of his age and members of his family.

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Cyanotype

Cyanotype is a photographic printing process that produces a cyan-blue print.

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Dione (moon)

Dione (Διώνη) is a moon of Saturn.

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Duke of Sussex

The Duke of Sussex is a substantive title, one of several royal dukedoms, that has been created twice in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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Enceladus

Enceladus is the sixth-largest moon of Saturn.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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Equinox

An equinox is commonly regarded as the moment the plane (extended indefinitely in all directions) of Earth's equator passes through the center of the Sun, which occurs twice each year, around 20 March and 22-23 September.

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Eta Carinae

Eta Carinae (η Carinae, abbreviated to η Car), formerly known as Eta Argus, is a stellar system containing at least two stars with a combined luminosity greater than five million times that of the Sun, located around 7,500 light-years (2,300 parsecs) distant in the constellation Carina.

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Eton College

Eton College is an English independent boarding school for boys in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor.

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French Academy of Sciences

The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research.

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George Peacock

George Peacock FRS (9 April 1791 – 8 November 1858) was an English mathematician.

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Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society

The Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) is the highest award given by the RAS.

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Great Moon Hoax

The "Great Moon Hoax" refers to a series of six articles that were published in The Sun, a New York newspaper, beginning on August 25, 1835, about the supposed discovery of life and even civilization on the Moon.

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Halide

A halide is a binary phase, of which one part is a halogen atom and the other part is an element or radical that is less electronegative (or more electropositive) than the halogen, to make a fluoride, chloride, bromide, iodide, astatide, or theoretically tennesside compound.

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Halley's Comet

Halley's Comet or Comet Halley, officially designated 1P/Halley, is a short-period comet visible from Earth every 74–79 years.

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Hawkhurst

Hawkhurst is an affluent village and civil parish in the borough of Tunbridge Wells in Kent, England.

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Henry Collen

Henry Collen (9 October 1797, Middlesex – 8 May 1879, Brighton) was an English miniature portrait painter to Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and the Duchess of Kent.

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Henry Fox Talbot

William Henry Fox Talbot FRS (11 February 180017 September 1877) was a British scientist, inventor and photography pioneer who invented the salted paper and calotype processes, precursors to photographic processes of the later 19th and 20th centuries.

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Herschel baronets

The Herschel Baronetcy, of Slough in the County of Buckingham, was a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom.

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Herschel Girls' School

Herschel Girls' School is a private, boarding and day school for girls, located in Claremont, a southern suburb of Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa.

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Iapetus (moon)

Iapetus (Ιαπετός), or occasionally Japetus, is the third-largest natural satellite of Saturn, eleventh-largest in the Solar System, and the largest body in the Solar System known not to be in hydrostatic equilibrium.

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Iliad

The Iliad (Ἰλιάς, in Classical Attic; sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer.

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Indian Civil Service (British India)

The Indian Civil Service (ICS) for part of the 19th century officially known as the Imperial Civil Service, was the elite higher civil service of the British Empire in British India during British rule in the period between 1858 and 1947.

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Inductive reasoning

Inductive reasoning (as opposed to ''deductive'' reasoning or ''abductive'' reasoning) is a method of reasoning in which the premises are viewed as supplying some evidence for the truth of the conclusion.

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J. Herschel (crater)

J.

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James South

Sir James South (October 1785 – 19 October 1867) was a British astronomer.

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John Franklin

Rear-Admiral Sir John Franklin KCH FRGS (16 April 1786 – 11 June 1847) was an English Royal Navy officer and explorer of the Arctic.

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John Herschel the Younger

Colonel John Herschel (29 October 1837 – 31 May 1921) was an English military engineer, surveyor and astronomer.

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John Maclear

John Fiot Lee Pearse Maclear (27 June 1838 in Cape Town – 17 July 1907 in Niagara) was an admiral in the Royal Navy, known for his leadership in hydrography.

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Julian day

Julian day is the continuous count of days since the beginning of the Julian Period and is used primarily by astronomers.

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Kent

Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.

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Lalande Prize

The Lalande Prize (French: Prix Lalande) was an award for scientific advances in astronomy, given from 1802 until 1970 by the French Academy of Sciences.

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Library of Congress

The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.

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List of photographic processes

A list of photographic processing techniques.

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List of works in Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopædia

Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopædia was a book series of 133 volumes, edited by Dionysius Lardner.

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Louis Daguerre

Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre (18 November 1787 – 10 July 1851), better known as Louis Daguerre, was a French artist and photographer, recognized for his invention of the daguerreotype process of photography.

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Master of the Mint

Master of the Mint was an important office in the governments of Scotland and England, and later Great Britain, between the 16th and 19th centuries.

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Mathematician

A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.

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Mimas (moon)

Mimas, also designated Saturn I, is a moon of Saturn which was discovered in 1789 by William Herschel.

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Moons of Saturn

The moons of Saturn are numerous and diverse, ranging from tiny moonlets less than 1 kilometer across to the enormous Titan, which is larger than the planet Mercury.

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Moons of Uranus

Uranus is the seventh planet of the Solar System; it has 27 known moons, all of which are named after characters from the works of William Shakespeare and Alexander Pope.

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Mount Herschel

Mount Herschel is a conspicuous peak standing northeast of Mount Peacock and overlooking the terminus of Ironside Glacier from the south, in the Admiralty Mountains, Victoria Land, Antarctica.

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Natural philosophy

Natural philosophy or philosophy of nature (from Latin philosophia naturalis) was the philosophical study of nature and the physical universe that was dominant before the development of modern science.

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Natural theology

Natural theology, once also termed physico-theology, is a type of theology that provides arguments for the existence of God based on reason and ordinary experience of nature.

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Navigational Aids for the History of Science, Technology, and the Environment Project

The Navigational Aids for the History of Science, Technology, and the Environment Project (NAHSTE) was a research archives/manuscripts cataloguing project based at the University of Edinburgh.

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Oberon (moon)

Oberon, also designated, is the outermost major moon of the planet Uranus.

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On the Origin of Species

On the Origin of Species (or more completely, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life),The book's full original title was On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life.

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Photochemistry

Photochemistry is the branch of chemistry concerned with the chemical effects of light.

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Photographer

A photographer (the Greek φῶς (phos), meaning "light", and γραφή (graphê), meaning "drawing, writing", together meaning "drawing with light") is a person who makes photographs.

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Photographic fixer

Photographic fixer is a mix of chemicals used in the final step in the photographic processing of film or paper.

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Photography

Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.

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Physical law

A physical law or scientific law is a theoretical statement "inferred from particular facts, applicable to a defined group or class of phenomena, and expressible by the statement that a particular phenomenon always occurs if certain conditions be present." Physical laws are typically conclusions based on repeated scientific experiments and observations over many years and which have become accepted universally within the scientific community.

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Polymath

A polymath (πολυμαθής,, "having learned much,"The term was first recorded in written English in the early seventeenth century Latin: uomo universalis, "universal man") is a person whose expertise spans a significant number of different subject areas—such a person is known to draw on complex bodies of knowledge to solve specific problems.

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President of the Royal Astronomical Society

The President of the Royal Astronomical Society (prior to 1831 known as President of the Astronomical Society of London) chairs the Council of the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) and its formal meetings.

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Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is a large American dictionary, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition.

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Rhea (moon)

Rhea (Ῥέᾱ) is the second-largest moon of Saturn and the ninth-largest moon in the Solar System.

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Richard Jones (economist)

Richard Jones (1790, in Tunbridge Wells – 20 January 1855, in Hertford Heath) was an English economist who criticised the theoretical views of David Ricardo and T. R. Malthus on economic rent and population.

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Richard Lalor Sheil

Richard Lalor Sheil (17 August 1791 – 23 May 1851), Irish politician, writer and orator, was born at Drumdowney, Slieverue, County Kilkenny, Ireland.

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Robert FitzRoy

Vice-Admiral Robert FitzRoy RN (5 July 1805 – 30 April 1865) was an English officer of the Royal Navy and a scientist.

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Royal Guelphic Order

The Royal Guelphic Order (Guelphen-Orden), sometimes also referred to as the Hanoverian Guelphic Order, is a Hanoverian order of chivalry instituted on 28 April 1815 by the Prince Regent (later King George IV).

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Royal Medal

A Royal Medal, known also as The King's Medal or The Queen's Medal, depending on the gender of the monarch at the time of the award, is a silver-gilt medal, of which three are awarded each year by the Royal Society, two for "the most important contributions to the advancement of natural knowledge" and one for "distinguished contributions in the applied sciences", done within the Commonwealth of Nations.

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Royal Society

The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.

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Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences or Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien is one of the Royal Academies of Sweden.

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Saturn

Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter.

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Senior Wrangler (University of Cambridge)

The Senior Wrangler is the top mathematics undergraduate at Cambridge University in England, a position which has been described as "the greatest intellectual achievement attainable in Britain." Specifically, it is the person who achieves the highest overall mark among the Wranglers – the students at Cambridge who gain first-class degrees in mathematics.

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Sir William Herschel, 2nd Baronet

Sir William James Herschel, 2nd Baronet (9 January 1833 – 24 October 1917)"Michele Triplett's Fingerprint Dictionary: H" (glossary), Michele Triplett, 2006, Fprints.nwlean.net webpage:.

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Slough

Slough is a large town in Berkshire, England, on the western fringes of the Greater London Urban Area, west of central London, north of Windsor, east of Maidenhead, south-east of High Wycombe and north-east of the county town of Reading.

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Smith's Prize

The Smith's Prize was the name of each of two prizes awarded annually to two research students in mathematics and theoretical physics at the University of Cambridge from 1769.

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Sodium thiosulfate

Sodium thiosulfate (sodium thiosulphate) is a chemical and medication.

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St John's College, Cambridge

St John's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge (the full, formal name of the college is The Master, Fellows and Scholars of the College of St John the Evangelist in the University of Cambridge).

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Table Mountain

Table Mountain (Khoekhoe: Huri ‡oaxa, where the sea rises; Afrikaans: Tafelberg) is a flat-topped mountain forming a prominent landmark overlooking the city of Cape Town in South Africa.

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Tethys (moon)

Tethys (or Saturn III) is a mid-sized moon of Saturn about across.

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The Sun (New York City)

The Sun was a New York newspaper that was published from 1833 until 1950.

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The Voyage of the Beagle

The Voyage of the Beagle is the title most commonly given to the book written by Charles Darwin and published in 1839 as his Journal and Remarks, bringing him considerable fame and respect.

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Thomas Francis Wade

Sir Thomas Francis Wade (25August 181831July 1895), was a British diplomat and sinologist who produced an early Chinese textbook in English, in 1867, that was later amended, extended and converted into the Wade-Giles romanization system for Mandarin Chinese by Herbert Giles in 1892.

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Thomas Graham (chemist)

Thomas Graham (20 December 1805 – 16 September 1869) was a British chemist who is best-remembered today for his pioneering work in dialysis and the diffusion of gases.

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Thomas Maclear

Sir Thomas Maclear (17 March 1794 – 14 July 1879) was an Irish-born South African astronomer who became Her Majesty's astronomer at the Cape of Good Hope.

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Titan (moon)

Titan is the largest moon of Saturn.

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Titania (moon)

No description.

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Tropical year

A tropical year (also known as a solar year) is the time that the Sun takes to return to the same position in the cycle of seasons, as seen from Earth; for example, the time from vernal equinox to vernal equinox, or from summer solstice to summer solstice.

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Ultraviolet

Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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Umbriel (moon)

Umbriel is a moon of Uranus discovered on October 24, 1851, by William Lassell.

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University of Cambridge

The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.

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University of Edinburgh

The University of Edinburgh (abbreviated as Edin. in post-nominals), founded in 1582, is the sixth oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's ancient universities.

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Uranus

Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun.

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Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.

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William Herschel

Frederick William Herschel, (Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel; 15 November 1738 – 25 August 1822) was a German-born British astronomer, composer and brother of fellow astronomer Caroline Herschel, with whom he worked.

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William Whewell

William Whewell (24 May 1794 – 6 March 1866) was an English polymath, scientist, Anglican priest, philosopher, theologian, and historian of science.

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William Willis (inventor)

William Willis Jr. (1841–1923) is a British inventor who developed the platinum printing process, an early form of photography, based on the light sensitivity of platinum salts, originally discovered by John Herschel.

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Yukon

Yukon (also commonly called the Yukon) is the smallest and westernmost of Canada's three federal territories (the other two are the Northwest Territories and Nunavut).

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J. F. W. Herschel, John F. Herschel, John F.W. Herschel, John Frederick William Herschel, John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet, John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet KH, FRS, John Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel, John Herschell, Sir J. F. W. Herschel, Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet, Sir John Herschel, Sir John Herschel, 1st Baronet, Sir John Herschel, 1st Bt.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Herschel

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