255 relations: Abbey, Abbot, Abbot of Westminster, Air Raid Precautions in the United Kingdom, Alan Bennett, Alexander Ramsay (Royal Navy officer), Althorp, Anglican church music, Angus Ogilvy, Anne of Bohemia, Anne, Princess Royal, Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, Archbishop of Canterbury, Archdeacon of Westminster, Attributed arms, Aveline de Forz, Countess of Aumale, Óscar Romero, Battle of Britain, Bayeux Tapestry, BBC Television, Burials and memorials in Westminster Abbey, Caen, Caen stone, Canaletto, Canon (priest), Canonization, Canterbury Cathedral, Cathedral, Catherine Walker (fashion designer), Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, Catholic Church, Change ringing, Chaplain, Chapter house, Charles Darwin, Charles I of England, Church (building), Church of England, Church of St Peter ad Vincula, City of Westminster, Clergy, Cloister, Cluny Abbey, Collegiate church, Commonwealth of England, Coronation Chair, Coronation of the British monarch, Corset, Cosmati, Cremation, ..., Crossing (architecture), Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom, Crown steeple, Dean and Chapter of Westminster, Dean of Westminster, Dean's Yard, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Diocese of London, Diocese of Westminster (Church of England), Dissolution of the Monasteries, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, Duke of Northumberland, Dunstan, Earl of Snowdon, Edgar the Peaceful, Edinburgh Castle, Edith of Wessex, Edmund Crouchback, Edward I of England, Edward II of England, Edward IV of England, Edward the Confessor, Edward V of England, Edward VIII, Edwin Lutyens, Effigy, Eleanor of Provence, Elizabeth I of England, Elizabeth II, Elizabeth of York, English Gothic architecture, English Heritage, Esther John, Evening Prayer (Anglican), Flying buttress, Frogmore, Funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales, Funeral of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, Geoffrey Chaucer, George Gilbert Scott, George II of Great Britain, George V, George VI, Gibbeting, Glastonbury Abbey, Gloucester Cathedral, Gothic architecture, Gothic Revival architecture, Harold Godwinson, Harrison & Harrison, Henry I of England, Henry III of England, Henry Irving, Henry IV of England, Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood, Henry Purcell, Henry VI of England, Henry VII Chapel, Henry VII of England, Henry VIII of England, Henry Vollam Morton, Henry Yevele, High Middle Ages, Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, House of Lords, House of Plantagenet, House of Tudor, Iconoclasm, Isaac Newton, Isle of Portland, James O'Donnell (organist), Janani Luwum, Joan of Acre, John Hall (priest), John Loughborough Pearson, John, King of England, King James Version, Lady Jane Grey, Late Middle Ages, Leicester Cathedral, Letters patent, Life (magazine), List of British monarchs, List of churches in London, List of English monarchs, Lists of World Heritage Sites in Europe, Loire Valley, London, London Eye, London River Services, London Underground, Lord of the manor, Louis VIII of France, Lucian Tapiedi, Luke Hughes (furniture designer), Lumiere festival, Manche Masemola, Margaret of England, Duchess of Brabant, Mark Phillips, Martin Luther King Jr., Mary I of England, Mary, mother of Jesus, Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood, Matilda of Scotland, Maximilian Kolbe, Mellitus, Monk, Mother Teresa, Narthex, Nave, New English Bible, New Testament, Nicholas Hawksmoor, Nikolaus Pevsner, Old Testament, Oliver Cromwell, Order of Saint Benedict, Order of the Bath, Organist and Master of the Choristers, Palace of Westminster, Patience Wright, Poets' Corner, Pope Benedict XVI, Pope Honorius III, Portland stone, Precentor, Prince Andrew, Duke of York, Prince George, Duke of Kent, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy, Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine (1864–1918), Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark, Princess Patricia of Connaught, Ptolemy Dean, Puritans, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, Richard II of England, Richard III of England, Richard Phelps (bell-founder), Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, Ring of bells, River Thames, Robert Blake (admiral), Romanesque architecture, Roof lantern, Royal Air Force, Royal charter, Royal Peculiar, Russians, Sacristan, Saint Peter, Sainte-Chapelle, Sanchia of Provence, Sarah, Duchess of York, Scottish nationalism, Sergei Fyodorov, Shrine, Simon Preston, Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom), St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, St Margaret's, Westminster, St Paul's Cathedral, St. James's Park tube station, Stephen Hawking, Stone of Scone, Sulcard, Surveyor of the Fabric of Westminster Abbey, The Abbey (film), The Blitz, The Unknown Warrior, Thorney Island (London), To rob Peter to pay Paul, Tower of London, Trial of the Pyx, Triforium, Tudor rose, Tuffeau stone, Tyburn, Undercroft, Vault (architecture), Victoria Tower, Victorian restoration, Vision (spirituality), Wang Zhiming (Christian), Wedding of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and Sarah Ferguson, Wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton, Wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, Westminster Abbey Choir School, Westminster Abbey Museum, Westminster Millennium Pier, Westminster Retable, Westminster School, Westminster tube station, Whitechapel Bell Foundry, William Pitt the Younger, William the Conqueror, William Wilberforce, Windsor Castle, Worcester Cathedral, World Heritage Committee, World War I, World War II, Worshipful Company of Fishmongers. 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An abbey is a complex of buildings used by members of a religious order under the governance of an abbot or abbess.
Abbot, meaning father, is an ecclesiastical title given to the male head of a monastery in various traditions, including Christianity.
The Abbot of Westminster was the head (abbot) of Westminster Abbey.
Air Raid Precautions (ARP) was an organisation in the United Kingdom set up in 1937 dedicated to the protection of civilians from the danger of air raids.
Alan Bennett (born 9 May 1934) is an English playwright, screenwriter, actor and author.
Admiral The Hon.
Althorp is a Grade I listed stately home, estate in civil parish of Althorp, in Daventry District, Northamptonshire, England of about.
Anglican church music is music that is written for Christian worship in Anglican religious services, forming part of the liturgy.
Sir Angus James Bruce Ogilvy, (14 September 1928 – 26 December 2004) was a British businessman, best known as the husband of Princess Alexandra, a first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II.
Anne of Bohemia (11 May 1366 – 7 June 1394) was Queen of England as the first wife of King Richard II.
Anne, Princess Royal, (Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise; born 15 August 1950) is the second child and only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
Antony Charles Robert Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon (7 March 193013 January 2017), commonly known as Lord Snowdon, was a British photographer and film-maker.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury.
The Archdeacon of Westminster is a senior ecclesiastical officer within Chapter of the Royal Peculiar of Westminster Abbey in London.
Attributed arms are Western European coats of arms given retrospectively to persons real or fictitious who died before the start of the age of heraldry in the latter half of the 12th century.
Aveline de Forz, Countess of Aumale and Lady of Holderness (20 January 1259 – 10 November 1274) was an English noblewoman.
Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez (15 August 1917 – 24 March 1980) was a prelate of the Catholic Church in El Salvador, who served as the fourth Archbishop of San Salvador.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
The Bayeux Tapestry (Tapisserie de Bayeux or La telle du conquest; Tapete Baiocense) is an embroidered cloth nearly long and tall, which depicts the events leading up to the Norman conquest of England concerning William, Duke of Normandy, and Harold, Earl of Wessex, later King of England, and culminating in the Battle of Hastings.
BBC Television is a service of the British Broadcasting Corporation.
Honouring individuals with burials and memorials in Westminster Abbey has a long tradition.
Caen (Norman: Kaem) is a commune in northwestern France.
Caen stone (Pierre de Caen), is a light creamy-yellow Jurassic limestone quarried in north-western France near the city of Caen.
Giovanni Antonio Canal (18 October 1697 – 19 April 1768), better known as Canaletto, was an Italian painter of city views or vedute, of Venice, Rome, and London.
A canon (from the Latin canonicus, itself derived from the Greek κανονικός, kanonikós, "relating to a rule", "regular") is a member of certain bodies subject to an ecclesiastical rule.
Canonization is the act by which a Christian church declares that a person who has died was a saint, upon which declaration the person is included in the "canon", or list, of recognized saints.
Canterbury Cathedral in Canterbury, Kent, is one of the oldest and most famous Christian structures in England.
A cathedral is a Christian church which contains the seat of a bishop, thus serving as the central church of a diocese, conference, or episcopate.
Catherine Walker (27 June 1945 – 23 September 2010) was a French-born fashion designer based in London.
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge (born Catherine Elizabeth Middleton; 9 January 1982) is a member of the British royal family.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Change ringing is the art of ringing a set of tuned bells in a controlled manner to produce variations in their striking sequences.
A chaplain is a cleric (such as a minister, priest, pastor, rabbi, or imam), or a lay representative of a religious tradition, attached to a secular institution such as a hospital, prison, military unit, school, business, police department, fire department, university, or private chapel.
A chapter house or chapterhouse is a building or room that is part of a cathedral, monastery or collegiate church in which larger meetings are held.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
A church building or church house, often simply called a church, is a building used for Christian religious activities, particularly for worship services.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
The Chapel Royal of St.
The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough which also holds city status.
Clergy are some of the main and important formal leaders within certain religions.
A cloister (from Latin claustrum, "enclosure") is a covered walk, open gallery, or open arcade running along the walls of buildings and forming a quadrangle or garth.
Cluny Abbey (formerly also Cluni, or Clugny) is a former Benedictine monastery in Cluny, Saône-et-Loire, France.
In Christianity, a collegiate church is a church where the daily office of worship is maintained by a college of canons; a non-monastic or "secular" community of clergy, organised as a self-governing corporate body, which may be presided over by a dean or provost.
The Commonwealth was the period from 1649 to 1660 when England and Wales, later along with Ireland and Scotland, was ruled as a republic following the end of the Second English Civil War and the trial and execution of Charles I. The republic's existence was declared through "An Act declaring England to be a Commonwealth", adopted by the Rump Parliament on 19 May 1649.
The Coronation Chair, known historically as St Edward's Chair or King Edward's Chair, is an ancient wooden chair on which British monarchs sit when they are invested with regalia and crowned at their coronations.
The coronation of the British monarch is a ceremony (specifically, initiation rite) in which the monarch of the United Kingdom is formally invested with regalia and crowned at Westminster Abbey.
A corset is a garment worn to hold and train the torso into a desired shape, traditionally a smaller waist or larger bottom, for aesthetic or medical purposes (either for the duration of wearing it or with a more lasting effect).
The Cosmati were a Roman family, seven members of which, for four generations, were skilful architects, sculptors and workers in decorative geometric mosaic, mostly for church floors.
Cremation is the combustion, vaporization, and oxidation of cadavers to basic chemical compounds, such as gases, ashes and mineral fragments retaining the appearance of dry bone.
A crossing, in ecclesiastical architecture, is the junction of the four arms of a cruciform (cross-shaped) church.
The Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom, originally the Crown Jewels of England, are 140 royal ceremonial objects kept in the Tower of London, which include the regalia and vestments worn by British kings and queens at their coronations.
A crown steeple, or crown spire, is a traditional form of church steeple in which curved stone flying buttresses form the open shape of a rounded crown.
The Dean and Chapter of Westminster are the ecclesiastical governing body of Westminster Abbey, a collegiate church of the Church of England and royal peculiar in Westminster, Greater London.
The Dean of Westminster is the head of the chapter at Westminster Abbey.
Dean's Yard, Westminster, comprises most of the remaining precincts of the former monastery of Westminster, not occupied by the Abbey buildings.
Dietrich Bonhoeffer (4 February 1906 – 9 April 1945) was a German pastor, theologian, anti-Nazi dissident, and key founding member of the Confessing Church.
The Diocese of London forms part of the Church of England's Province of Canterbury in England.
The Diocese of Westminster was a short-lived diocese of the Church of England, extant from 1540–1550.
The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England and Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and provided for their former personnel and functions.
Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers (known to ringers as "Dove's Guide" or simply "Dove") is the standard reference to the rings of bells hung for English-style full-circle bell ringing.
Duke of Northumberland is a noble title that has been created three times in English and British history, twice in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of Great Britain.
Dunstan (909 – 19 May 988 AD)Lapidge, "Dunstan (d. 988)" was successively Abbot of Glastonbury Abbey, Bishop of Worcester, Bishop of London, and Archbishop of Canterbury, later canonised as a saint.
Earl of Snowdon is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Edgar (Ēadgār; 8 July 975), known as the Peaceful or the Peaceable, was King of England from 959 until his death.
Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress which dominates the skyline of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, from its position on the Castle Rock.
Edith of Wessex (1025 – 18 December 1075) was a Queen of England.
Edmund Crouchback (16 January 1245 – 5 June 1296), a member of the House of Plantagenet, was the second surviving son of Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence.
Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
Edward II (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), also called Edward of Carnarvon, was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327.
Edward IV (28 April 1442 – 9 April 1483) was the King of England from 4 March 1461 to 3 October 1470, and again from 11 April 1471 until his death.
Edward the Confessor (Ēadƿeard Andettere, Eduardus Confessor; 1003 – 5 January 1066), also known as Saint Edward the Confessor, was among the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England.
Edward V (2 November 1470 –)R.
Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire, and Emperor of India, from 20 January 1936 until his abdication on 11 December the same year, after which he became the Duke of Windsor.
Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was an English architect known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era.
An effigy is a representation of a specific person in the form of sculpture or some other three-dimensional medium.
Eleanor of Provence (c. 1223 – 24/25 June 1291Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Provence) was Queen consort of England, as the spouse of King Henry III of England, from 1236 until his death in 1272.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Elizabeth of York (11 February 1466 – 11 February 1503) was the wife of Henry VII and the first Tudor queen.
English Gothic is an architectural style originating in France, before then flourishing in England from about 1180 until about 1520.
English Heritage (officially the English Heritage Trust) is a registered charity that manages the National Heritage Collection.
Esther John (Urdu) (born Qamar Zia (Urdu) on 14 December 1929; died 2 February 1960) was a Pakistani Christian nurse who was murdered in 1960.
Evening Prayer is a liturgy in use in the Anglican tradition celebrated in the late afternoon or evening.
The flying buttress (arc-boutant, arch buttress) is a specific form of buttress composed of an arched structure that extends from the upper portion of a wall to a pier of great mass, in order to convey to the ground the lateral forces that push a wall outwards, which are forces that arise from vaulted ceilings of stone and from wind-loading on roofs.
The Frogmore Estate or Gardens comprise of private gardens within the grounds of the Home Park, adjoining Windsor Castle, in the English county of Berkshire.
The public funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales started on 6 September 1997 at 9:08am in London, when the tenor bell sounded to signal the departure of the cortège from Kensington Palace.
The public funeral of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother occurred on Tuesday, 9 April 2002 in Westminster Abbey in London, following her death on 30 March 2002 at the age of 101.
Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 – 25 October 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages.
Sir George Gilbert Scott (13 July 1811 – 27 March 1878), styled Sir Gilbert Scott, was a prolific English Gothic revival architect, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches and cathedrals, although he started his career as a leading designer of workhouses.
George II (George Augustus; Georg II.; 30 October / 9 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death in 1760.
George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.
George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death in 1952.
A gibbet is any instrument of public execution (including guillotine, executioner's block, impalement stake, hanging gallows, or related scaffold), but gibbeting refers to the use of a gallows-type structure from which the dead or dying bodies of criminals were hung on public display to deter other existing or potential criminals.
Glastonbury Abbey was a monastery in Glastonbury, Somerset, England.
Gloucester Cathedral, formally the Cathedral Church of St Peter and the Holy and Indivisible Trinity, in Gloucester, England, stands in the north of the city near the River Severn.
Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
Harold Godwinson (– 14 October 1066), often called Harold II, was the last Anglo-Saxon king of England.
Harrison & Harrison Ltd are a British company that make and restore pipe organs, based in Durham and established in 1861.
Henry I (c. 1068 – 1 December 1135), also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to his death.
Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272), also known as Henry of Winchester, was King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine from 1216 until his death.
Sir Henry Irving (6 February 1838 – 13 October 1905), born John Henry Brodribb, sometimes known as J. H. Irving, was an English stage actor in the Victorian era, known as an actor-manager because he took complete responsibility (supervision of sets, lighting, direction, casting, as well as playing the leading roles) for season after season at the Lyceum Theatre, establishing himself and his company as representative of English classical theatre.
Henry IV (15 April 1367 – 20 March 1413), also known as Henry Bolingbroke, was King of England and Lord of Ireland from 1399 to 1413, and asserted the claim of his grandfather, Edward III, to the Kingdom of France.
Henry George Charles Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood (9 September 1882 – 24 May 1947), styled The Honourable Henry Lascelles before 1892 and Viscount Lascelles between 1892 and 1929, was a British soldier, peer and a Yorkshire landowner.
Henry Purcell (or; c. 10 September 1659According to Holman and Thompson (Grove Music Online, see References) there is uncertainty regarding the year and day of birth. No record of baptism has been found. The year 1659 is based on Purcell's memorial tablet in Westminster Abbey and the frontispiece of his Sonnata's of III. Parts (London, 1683). The day 10 September is based on vague inscriptions in the manuscript GB-Cfm 88. It may also be relevant that he was appointed to his first salaried post on 10 September 1677, which would have been his eighteenth birthday. – 21 November 1695) was an English composer.
Henry VI (6 December 1421 – 21 May 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453.
The Henry VII Lady Chapel, now more often known just as the Henry VII Chapel, is a large Lady chapel at the far eastern end of Westminster Abbey, paid for by the will of Henry VII.
Henry VII (Harri Tudur; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizure of the crown on 22 August 1485 to his death on 21 April 1509.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
Henry Canova Vollam Morton (known as H. V. Morton), (26 July 1892 – 18 June 1979) was a journalist and pioneering travel writer from Lancashire, England.
Henry Yevele (c.1320-1400) was the most prolific and successful master mason active in late medieval England.
The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that commenced around 1000 AD and lasted until around 1250 AD.
Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Plantagenet was a royal house which originated from the lands of Anjou in France.
The House of Tudor was an English royal house of Welsh origin, descended in the male line from the Tudors of Penmynydd.
IconoclasmLiterally, "image-breaking", from κλάω.
Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.
The Isle of Portland is a limestone tied island, long by wide, in the English Channel.
James O'Donnell, KCSG, FRCM, FRSCM, HonRAM (born 1961) is Organist and Master of the Choristers of Westminster Abbey.
Janani Jakaliya Luwum (c. 1922 – 17 February 1977) was the archbishop of the Church of Uganda from 1974 to 1977 and one of the most influential leaders of the modern church in Africa.
Joan of Acre (April 1272 – 23 April 1307) was an English princess, a daughter of King Edward I of England and Queen Eleanor of Castile.
John Robert Hall (born 13 March 1949) is an English priest of the Church of England.
John Loughborough Pearson (5 July 1817 – 11 December 1897) was a Gothic Revival architect renowned for his work on churches and cathedrals.
John (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216), also known as John Lackland (Norman French: Johan sanz Terre), was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216.
The King James Version (KJV), also known as the King James Bible (KJB) or simply the Version (AV), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England, begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.
Lady Jane Grey (Her exact date of birth is uncertain; many historians agree on the long-held estimate of 1537 while others set it in the later half of 1536 based on newer research. – 12 February 1554), known also as Lady Jane Dudley (after her marriage) and as "the Nine Days' Queen", was an English noblewoman and de facto Queen of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553.
The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from 1250 to 1500 AD.
The Cathedral Church of St Martin, Leicester, usually known as Leicester Cathedral, is a Church of England cathedral in the English city of Leicester and the seat of the Bishop of Leicester.
Letters patent (always in the plural) are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch, president, or other head of state, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporation.
Life was an American magazine that ran regularly from 1883 to 1972 and again from 1978 to 2000.
There have been 12 monarchs of the Kingdom of Great Britain and the United Kingdom (see Monarchy of the United Kingdom) since the merger of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland on 1 May 1707.
This is a list of cathedrals, churches and chapels in Greater London, which is divided into 32 London boroughs and the City of London – the ancient core and financial centre.
This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England begins with Alfred the Great, King of Wessex, one of the petty kingdoms to rule a portion of modern England.
The following are lists of World Heritage Sites in Europe.
The Loire Valley (Vallée de la Loire), spanning, is located in the middle stretch of the Loire River in central France, in both the administrative regions Pays de la Loire and Centre-Val de Loire.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London Eye, known for sponsorship reasons as the Coca-Cola London Eye, is a giant Ferris wheel on the South Bank of the River Thames in London.
London River Services Limited is a division of Transport for London (TfL), which manages passenger transport—leisure-oriented tourist services and commuter services—on the River Thames in London.
The London Underground (also known simply as the Underground, or by its nickname the Tube) is a public rapid transit system serving London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire, Essex and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom.
In British or Irish history, the lordship of a manor is a lordship emanating from the feudal system of manorialism.
Louis VIII the Lion (Louis VIII le Lion; 5 September 1187 – 8 November 1226) was King of France from 1223 to 1226.
Lucian Tapiedi (– 1942) was a Papuan Anglican teacher who was one of the "New Guinea Martyrs." The Martyrs were eight Anglican clergy, teachers, and medical missionaries killed by the Japanese in 1942 (a total of 333 church workers of all denominations were killed during the invasion).
Luke Hughes (born 11 May 1957) is one of the United Kingdom's leading furniture designers and an accomplished mountaineer.
Lumiere is the UK's largest light festival.
Manche Masemola (1913–1928) was a South African Christian martyr.
Margaret of England (15 March 1275 – after 1333) was the tenth child and seventh daughter of King Edward I of England and his first wife, Eleanor of Castile.
Captain Mark Anthony Peter Phillips (born 22 September 1948) is an English Olympic gold-medal-winning horseman for Great Britain and the first husband of Anne, Princess Royal, with whom he has two children.
Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his death in 1968.
Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death.
Mary was a 1st-century BC Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth, and the mother of Jesus, according to the New Testament and the Quran.
Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood (Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary; 25 April 1897 – 28 March 1965) was a member of the British royal family; she was the third child and only daughter of King George V and Queen Mary.
Matilda of Scotland (c. 1080 – 1 May 1118), originally christened Edith, was Queen of England as the first wife of King Henry I. She acted as regent of England in the absence of her spouse on several occasions.
Saint Maximilian Maria Kolbe (Maksymilian Maria Kolbe; 8 January 1894 – 14 August 1941) was a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar who volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the German death camp of Auschwitz, located in German-occupied Poland during World War II.
Mellitus (died 24 April 624) was the first Bishop of London in the Saxon period, the third Archbishop of Canterbury, and a member of the Gregorian mission sent to England to convert the Anglo-Saxons from their native paganism to Christianity.
A monk (from μοναχός, monachos, "single, solitary" via Latin monachus) is a person who practices religious asceticism by monastic living, either alone or with any number of other monks.
Mother Teresa, known in the Roman Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta (born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu,; 26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary.
The narthex is an architectural element typical of early Christian and Byzantine basilicas and churches consisting of the entrance or lobby area, located at the west end of the nave, opposite the church's main altar.
The nave is the central aisle of a basilica church, or the main body of a church (whether aisled or not) between its rear wall and the far end of its intersection with the transept at the chancel.
The New English Bible (NEB) is an English translation of the Bible.
The New Testament (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, trans. Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē; Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.
Nicholas Hawksmoor (probably 1661 – 25 March 1736) was an English architect.
Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner (30 January 1902 – 18 August 1983) was a German, later British scholar of the history of art, and especially that of architecture.
The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.
Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader.
The Order of Saint Benedict (OSB; Latin: Ordo Sancti Benedicti), also known as the Black Monksin reference to the colour of its members' habitsis a Catholic religious order of independent monastic communities that observe the Rule of Saint Benedict.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
An Organist and Master of the Choristers is a title given to a Director of Music at a cathedral, particularly a Church of England cathedral.
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Patience Lovell Wright (1725 – March 23, 1786) was a sculptor of wax figures, and the first recognized American-born sculptor.
Poets' Corner is the name traditionally given to a section of the South Transept of Westminster Abbey because of the high number of poets, playwrights, and writers buried and commemorated there.
Pope Benedict XVI (Benedictus XVI; Benedetto XVI; Benedikt XVI; born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger;; 16 April 1927) served as Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 2005 until his resignation in 2013.
Pope Honorius III (1150 – 18 March 1227), born as Cencio Savelli, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 18 July 1216 to his death in 1227.
Portland stone is a limestone from the Tithonian stage of the Jurassic period quarried on the Isle of Portland, Dorset.
A precentor is a person who helps facilitate worship.
Prince Andrew, Duke of York, (Andrew Albert Christian Edward, born 19 February 1960) is a member of the British royal family.
Prince George, Duke of Kent, (George Edward Alexander Edmund; 20 December 1902 – 25 August 1942) was the fourth son of King George V and Queen Mary.
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, 10 June 1921) is the husband and consort of Queen Elizabeth II.
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, (William Arthur Philip Louis; born 21 June 1982) is a member of the British royal family.
Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy, (Alexandra Helen Elizabeth Olga Christabel; born 25 December 1936) is a member of the British royal family.
Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine, later Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia (Елизавета Фëдоровна Романова, Elizabeth Feodorovna Romanova; canonized as Holy Martyr Elizabeth Feodorovna; 1 November 1864 – 18 July 1918) was a German princess of the House of Hesse-Darmstadt, and the wife of Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia, the fifth son of Emperor Alexander II of Russia and Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine.
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, (Margaret Rose; 21 August 1930 – 9 February 2002) was the younger daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth and the only sibling of Queen Elizabeth II.
Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark, (Πριγκίπισσα Μαρίνα της Ελλάδας και Δανίας; 27 August 1968), later known as the Duchess of Kent, was a princess of the Greek royal house, who married Prince George, Duke of Kent, fourth son of King George V of the United Kingdom in 1934.
Princess Patricia of Connaught (Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth; later Lady Patricia Ramsay; 17 March 1886 – 12 January 1974) was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria.
Ptolemy Dean (born 1968) is a British architect, television presenter and the 19th Surveyor of the Fabric of Westminster Abbey.
The Puritans were English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to "purify" the Church of England from its "Catholic" practices, maintaining that the Church of England was only partially reformed.
Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002) was the wife of King George VI and the mother of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon.
Richard II (6 January 1367 – c. 14 February 1400), also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399.
Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death at the Battle of Bosworth Field.
Richard Phelps (c.1670–1738) was born in Avebury, Wiltshire, England.
Richard (5 January 1209 – 2 April 1272), second son of John, King of England, was the nominal Count of Poitou (1225-1243), Earl of Cornwall (from 1225) and King of Germany (from 1257).
A "Ring of bells" is the name bell ringers give to a set of bells hung for English full circle ringing.
The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London.
Robert Blake (27 September 1598 – 7 August 1657) was one of the most important military commanders of the Commonwealth of England and one of the most famous English admirals of the 17th century, whose successes have "never been excelled, not even by Nelson" according to one biographer.
Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.
A roof lantern is a daylighting architectural element.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.
A Royal Peculiar (or Royal Peculier) is a Church of England parish or church exempt from the jurisdiction of the diocese and the archdiocese in which it lies and subject to the direct jurisdiction of the monarch.
Russians (русские, russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Eastern Europe. The majority of Russians inhabit the nation state of Russia, while notable minorities exist in other former Soviet states such as Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Ukraine and the Baltic states. A large Russian diaspora also exists all over the world, with notable numbers in the United States, Germany, Israel, and Canada. Russians are the most numerous ethnic group in Europe. The Russians share many cultural traits with their fellow East Slavic counterparts, specifically Belarusians and Ukrainians. They are predominantly Orthodox Christians by religion. The Russian language is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, and also spoken as a secondary language in many former Soviet states.
A sacristan is an officer charged with care of the sacristy, the church, and their contents.
Saint Peter (Syriac/Aramaic: ܫܸܡܥܘܿܢ ܟܹ݁ܐܦ݂ܵܐ, Shemayon Keppa; שמעון בר יונה; Petros; Petros; Petrus; r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68), also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, or Simon, according to the New Testament, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, leaders of the early Christian Great Church.
The Sainte-Chapelle (Holy Chapel) is a royal chapel in the Gothic style, within the medieval Palais de la Cité, the residence of the Kings of France until the 14th century, on the Île de la Cité in the River Seine in Paris, France.
Sanchia of Provence (c. 1228 – 9 November 1261) was the third daughter of Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy.
Sarah, Duchess of York (born Sarah Margaret Ferguson; 15 October 1959), also referred to by the nickname "Fergie", is a British writer, charity patron, public speaker, film producer and television personality.
Scottish nationalism promotes the idea that the Scottish people form a cohesive nation and national identity and is closely linked to the cause of Scottish home rule and Scottish independence, the ideology of the Scottish National Party, the party forming the Scottish Government.
Sergei Fyodorov (Сергей Константинович Фёдоров, alternative English spelling Sergey Fedorov), born in Moscow, Russia in 1969, is a Russian icon painter.
A shrine (scrinium "case or chest for books or papers"; Old French: escrin "box or case") is a holy or sacred place, which is dedicated to a specific deity, ancestor, hero, martyr, saint, daemon, or similar figure of awe and respect, at which they are venerated or worshipped.
Simon John Preston CBE (born 4 August 1938, Bournemouth) is an English organist, conductor, and composer.
The Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, the United Kingdom's lower chamber of Parliament.
St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle in England, is a chapel designed in the high-medieval Gothic style.
The Church of St Margaret, Westminster Abbey, is situated in the grounds of Westminster Abbey on Parliament Square, and is the Anglican parish church of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom in London.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.
Stephen William Hawking (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author, who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death.
File:Replica of the Stone of Scone, Scone Palace, Scotland (8924541883).jpg The Stone of Scone (An Lia Fàil, Stane o Scuin)—also known as the Stone of Destiny, and often referred to in England as The Coronation Stone—is an oblong block of red sandstone that was used for centuries in the coronation of the monarchs of Scotland, and later the monarchs of England and those of the United Kingdom.
Sulcard (floruit c. 1080) was a Benedictine monk at St.
The post of Surveyor of the Fabric of Westminster Abbey was established in 1698.
The Abbey (1995) — or The Abbey with Alan Bennett — is a three-part BBC TV documentary written and hosted by playwright Alan Bennett and directed by Jonathan Stedall.
The Blitz was a German bombing offensive against Britain in 1940 and 1941, during the Second World War.
The British grave of The Unknown Warrior (often known as 'The Tomb of The Unknown Warrior') holds an unidentified British soldier killed on a European battlefield during the First World War.
Thorney Island was the eyot (or small island) on the Thames, upstream of medieval London, where Westminster Abbey and the Palace of Westminster (commonly known today as the Houses of Parliament) were built.
"To rob Peter to pay Paul", or other versions that have developed over the centuries such as "to borrow from Peter to pay Paul", and "to unclothe Peter to clothe Paul", are phrases meaning to take from one person or thing to give to another, especially when it results in the elimination of one debt by incurring another.
The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.
The Trial of the Pyx is the procedure in the United Kingdom for ensuring that newly minted coins conform to the required standards.
A triforium is a shallow arched gallery within the thickness of an inner wall, above the nave of a church or cathedral.
The Tudor rose (sometimes called the Union rose) is the traditional floral heraldic emblem of England and takes its name and origins from the House of Tudor, which united the House of York and House of Lancaster.
Tuffeau stone — in French, simply tuffeau or tufeau — is a local limestone of the Loire Valley of France.
Tyburn was a village in the county of Middlesex close to the current location of Marble Arch and the southern end of Edgware Road in present-day London.
An undercroft is traditionally a cellar or storage room, often brick-lined and vaulted, and used for storage in buildings since medieval times.
Vault (French voûte, from Italian volta) is an architectural term for an arched form used to provide a space with a ceiling or roof.
The Victoria Tower is the square tower at the south-west end of the Palace of Westminster in London, facing south and west onto Black Rod's Garden and Old Palace Yard.
The Victorian restoration was the widespread and extensive refurbishment and rebuilding of Church of England churches and cathedrals that took place in England and Wales during the 19th-century reign of Queen Victoria.
A vision is something seen in a dream, trance, or religious ecstasy, especially a supernatural appearance that usually conveys a revelation.
Wang Zhiming (王志明) (1907 – December 29, 1973) was a Miao pastor little known outside his home in Wuding County, Yunnan, China at the time of his execution on December 29, 1973.
The wedding of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and Sarah Ferguson was held on 23 July 1986, at Westminster Abbey in London, England.
The wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton took place on 29 April 2011 at Westminster Abbey in London, United Kingdom.
The wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, took place on 20 November 1947 at Westminster Abbey in London.
Westminster Abbey Choir School is a boarding preparatory school for boys in Westminster, London and the only remaining choir school in the United Kingdom which exclusively educates choristers (i.e. that only choirboys attend the school).
The Westminster Abbey Museum was located in the 11th-century vaulted undercroft beneath the former monks' dormitory in Westminster Abbey, London, England.
Westminster Millennium Pier is a pier on the River Thames, in the City of Westminster in London, UK.
The Westminster Retable, the oldest known panel painting altarpiece in England,, with full image of the retable, accessed 13 July 2010 is estimated to have been painted in the 1270s in the circle of Plantagenet court painters, for Westminster Abbey, very probably for the high altar.
Westminster School is an independent day and boarding school in London, England, located within the precincts of Westminster Abbey.
Westminster is a London Underground station in the City of Westminster.
The Whitechapel Bell Foundry was a business in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, and, at the time of the closure of the Whitechapel premises, was the oldest manufacturing company in Great Britain.
William Pitt the Younger (28 May 1759 – 23 January 1806) was a prominent British Tory statesman of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.
William Wilberforce (24 August 175929 July 1833) was an English politician known as the leader of the movement to stop the slave trade.
Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire.
Worcester Cathedral, is an Anglican cathedral in Worcester, England, situated on a bank overlooking the River Severn.
The World Heritage Committee selects the sites to be listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger, monitors the state of conservation of the World Heritage properties, defines the use of the World Heritage Fund and allocates financial assistance upon requests from States Parties.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Worshipful Company of Fishmongers (or Fishmongers' Company) is one of the 110 Livery Companies of the City of London, being an incorporated guild of sellers of fish and seafood in the City.
Abbey of Westminster, Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, St Edmund's Chapel, Westminster Abbey, St Peter's Church, Westminster, St Peter's Monastery, Westminster, St. Peter's, Westminster, St. Peter, Westminster, The Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, Westminister Abbey, Westminister abby, Westminster Abbey and St. Margaret's Church - Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church, Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church, Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and St. Margaret's Church, Westminster abbey, Westminster abby, Westmister Abbey, Weston Tower.