222 relations: Abbey, Abbot, Abbot of Westminster, Alexander Ramsay (Royal Navy officer), Althorp, Angus Ogilvy, Anne of Bohemia, Anne, Princess Royal, Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, Archbishop of Canterbury, Archdeacon of Westminster, Attributed arms, Aveline de Forz, Countess of Aumale, Battle of Britain, Bayeux Tapestry, Burials and memorials in Westminster Abbey, Caen, Caen stone, Canaletto, Canon (priest), Canonization, Catherine Walker (fashion designer), Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, Change ringing, Chapter house, Charles Darwin, Charles I of England, Charles, Prince of Wales, Church of England, Church of St Peter ad Vincula, City of Westminster, Clergy, Cloister, Cluny Abbey, Collegiate church, Commonwealth of England, Coronation of the British monarch, Corset, Cosmati, Cremation, Crossing (architecture), Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom, Crown steeple, Dean and Chapter of Westminster, Dean of Westminster, Diana, Princess of Wales, Diocese of London, Diocese of Westminster, Dissolution of the Monasteries, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, ..., Duke of Northumberland, Dunstan, Earl of Snowdon, Edgar the Peaceful, Edinburgh Castle, Edmund Crouchback, Edward I of England, Edward IV of England, Edward the Confessor, Edwin Lutyens, Effigy, Eleanor of Provence, Elizabeth I of England, Elizabeth II, Elizabeth of York, England, English Gothic architecture, English Heritage, Flying buttress, Frogmore, Funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales, Geoffrey Chaucer, George Gilbert Scott, George II of Great Britain, George V, George VI, Gibbeting, Glastonbury Abbey, Gloucester Cathedral, Gothic architecture, Gothic Revival architecture, Harold Godwinson, Harrison & Harrison, Henry I of England, Henry III of England, Henry Irving, Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood, Henry Purcell, Henry VII Chapel, Henry VII of England, Henry VIII of England, Henry Vollam Morton, Henry Yevele, High Middle Ages, Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, House of Lords, House of Plantagenet, Iconoclasm, Isaac Newton, Isle of Portland, James O'Donnell (organist), Joan of Acre, John Loughborough Pearson, King Edward's Chair, King James Version, Lady Jane Grey, Late Middle Ages, Leicester Cathedral, Letters patent, Life (magazine), List of British monarchs, List of churches in London, List of English monarchs, Lists of World Heritage Sites in Europe, Loire Valley, London, London Eye, London River Services, London Underground, Lord of the manor, Louis VIII of France, Luke Hughes (furniture designer), Margaret of England, Duchess of Brabant, Mark Phillips, Martyr, Mary (mother of Jesus), Mary I of England, Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood, Matilda of Scotland, Mellitus, Monk, Mother Teresa, Narthex, Nave, New English Bible, New Testament, Nicholas Hawksmoor, Nikolaus Pevsner, Old Testament, Oliver Cromwell, Order of Saint Benedict, Order of the Bath, Organist and Master of the Choristers, Palace of Westminster, Patience Wright, Poets' Corner, Pope Benedict XVI, Portland stone, Precentor, Prince Andrew, Duke of York, Prince George, Duke of Kent, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy, Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark, Princess Patricia of Connaught, Ptolemy Dean, Puritans, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, Richard II of England, Richard III of England, Richard Phelps (bell-founder), Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, Ring of bells, River Thames, Robert Blake (admiral), Romanesque architecture, Roof lantern, Royal Air Force, Royal charter, Royal Peculiar, Russians, Saint Peter, Sainte-Chapelle, Sanchia of Provence, Sarah, Duchess of York, Scottish nationalism, Sergei Fyodorov, Shrine, Simon Preston, Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom), St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, St Margaret's, Westminster, St Paul's Cathedral, St. James's Park tube station, Stone of Scone, Sulcard, The Abbey (film), The Blitz, The Guardian, The Unknown Warrior, Thorney Island (London), Tower of London, Trial of the Pyx, Triforium, Tudor dynasty, Tudor rose, Tuffeau stone, Tyburn, Undercroft, United Kingdom, Vault (architecture), Victoria Tower, Victorian restoration, Wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton, Wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, Westminster Abbey Choir School, Westminster Abbey Museum, Westminster Millennium Pier, Westminster Retable, Westminster School, Westminster tube station, Whitechapel Bell Foundry, William Pitt the Younger, William the Conqueror, William Wilberforce, Windsor Castle, World Heritage Committee, World War I, World War II, Worshipful Company of Fishmongers. Expand index (172 more) » « Shrink index
An abbey (from Latin abbatia, from Latin abbās, derived from Aramaic abba, "father") is a Catholic or Anglican monastery or convent.
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Abbot, meaning father, is an ecclesiastical title given to the head of a monastery in various traditions, including Christianity.
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The Abbot of Westminster was the head (abbot) of Westminster Abbey.
Admiral Sir Alexander Robert Maule Ramsay (29 May 1881 – 8 October 1972) was a British Royal Navy officer.
Althorp is a Grade I listed stately home, estate and small civil parish in Daventry District, Northamptonshire, England of about.
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Sir Angus James Bruce Ogilvy, (14 September 1928 – 26 December 2004) was a British businessman, best known as the husband of Princess Alexandra of Kent, a first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II.
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Anne of Bohemia (11 May 1366 – 7 June 1394) was Queen of England as the first wife of King Richard II.
Anne, Princess Royal (Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise; born 15 August 1950) is the second child and only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
Antony Charles Robert Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, (born 7 March 1930) is an English photographer and film maker.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury. The current archbishop is Justin Welby. He is the 105th in a line which goes back more than 1400 years to Augustine of Canterbury, the "Apostle to the English", in the year 597. On 9 November 2012 it was officially announced that Welby, then the Bishop of Durham, had been appointed to succeed Rowan Williams as the 105th Archbishop of Canterbury. His enthronement took place in Canterbury Cathedral on 21 March 2013. From the time of Augustine until the 16th century, the Archbishops of Canterbury were in full communion with the See of Rome and thus usually received the pallium. During the English Reformation the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church, at first temporarily under Henry VIII and Edward VI and later permanently during the reign of Elizabeth I. In the Middle Ages there was considerable variation in the methods of nomination of the Archbishop of Canterbury and other bishops. At various times the choice was made by the canons of Canterbury Cathedral, the Pope, or the King of England. Since the English Reformation, the Church of England has been more explicitly a state church and the choice is legally that of the Crown; today it is made by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister, who receives a shortlist of two names from an "ad hoc" committee called the Crown Nominations Commission.
The Archdeacon of Westminster is a senior ecclesiastical officer within Chapter of the Royal Peculiar of Westminster Abbey in London.
Attributed arms are Western European coats of arms given retrospectively to persons real or fictitious who died before the start of the age of heraldry in the latter half of the 12th century.
Aveline de Forz, Countess of Aumale and Lady of Holderness (20 January 1259–10 November 1274) was an English noblewoman.
The Battle of Britain (German: Luftschlacht um England, literally "Air battle for England") is the name given to the Second World War air campaign waged by the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) against the United Kingdom during the summer and autumn of 1940.
The Bayeux Tapestry (Tapisserie de Bayeux,, Norman: La telle du conquest) is an embroidered cloth nearly long and tall, which depicts the events leading up to the Norman conquest of England concerning William, Duke of Normandy, and Harold, Earl of Wessex, later King of England, and culminating in the Battle of Hastings.
Honouring individuals with Burials and Memorials in Westminster Abbey has a long tradition.
Caen (Norman: Kaem) is a commune in northwestern France.
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Caen stone or Pierre de Caen, is a light creamy-yellow Jurassic limestone quarried in northwestern France near the city of Caen.
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Giovanni Antonio Canal (17 or 18 October 1697 – 19 April 1768), better known as Canaletto, was an Italian painter of landscapes, or vedute, of Venice.
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A canon (from the Latin canonicus, itself derived from the Greek κανονικός, kanonikós, "relating to a rule", "regular") is a member of certain bodies subject to an ecclesiastical rule.
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Canonization (in American English and Oxford spelling) or canonisation (in British English) is the act by which the Orthodox, Oriental Orthodoxy, Roman Catholic, or Anglican Church declares that a person who has died was a saint, upon which declaration the person is included in the canon, or list, of recognized saints.
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Catherine Walker (27 June 1945 – 23 September 2010) was a French born fashion designer based in London.
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge (Catherine Elizabeth "Kate"; née Middleton; born 9 January 1982), is the wife of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge.
Change ringing is the art of ringing a set of tuned bells in a series of mathematical patterns called "changes".
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A chapter house or chapterhouse is a building or room that is part of a cathedral, monastery or collegiate church in which larger meetings are held.
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Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory.
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Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948), is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II.
The Church of England is the officially-established Christian church in England, and the mother church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
The Chapel Royal of St.
The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough which occupies much of the central area of Greater London including most of the West End.
Clergy are some of the formal leaders within certain religions.
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A cloister (from Latin claustrum, "enclosure") is a covered walk, open gallery, or open arcade running along the walls of buildings and forming a quadrangle or garth.
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Cluny Abbey (or Cluni, or Clugny) dedicated to St Peter, is a former Benedictine monastery in Cluny, Saône-et-Loire, France.
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In Christianity, a collegiate church is a church where the daily office of worship is maintained by a college of canons; a non-monastic or "secular" community of clergy, organised as a self-governing corporate body, which may be presided over by a dean or provost.
The Commonwealth was the period from 1649 onwards when England, along later with Ireland and Scotland, was ruled as a republic following the end of the Second English Civil War and the trial and execution of Charles I. The republic's existence was initially declared through "An Act declaring England to be a Commonwealth", adopted by the Rump Parliament on 19 May 1649.
The coronation of the British monarch is a ceremony (specifically, initiation rite) in which the monarch of the United Kingdom is formally crowned and invested with regalia.
A corset is a garment worn to hold and train the torso into a desired shape for aesthetic or medical purposes (either for the duration of wearing it or with a more lasting effect).
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The Cosmati were a Roman family, seven members of which, for four generations, were skilful architects, sculptors and workers in decorative geometric mosaic, mostly for church floors.
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Cremation is the combustion, vaporization and oxidation of dead bodies to basic chemical compounds, such as gases, ashes and mineral fragments retaining the appearance of dry bone.
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A crossing, in ecclesiastical architecture, is the junction of the four arms of a cruciform (cross-shaped) church.
The collective term Crown Jewels denotes the regalia and vestments worn by the sovereign of the United Kingdom during the coronation ceremony and at other state functions.
A crown steeple, or crown spire, is a traditional form of church steeple in which curved stone flying buttresses form the open shape of a rounded crown.
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The Dean and Chapter of Westminster are the ecclesiastical governing body of Westminster Abbey, a collegiate church of the Church of England and royal peculiar in Westminster, Greater London.
The Dean of Westminster is the head of the chapter at Westminster Abbey.
Diana, Princess of Wales (Diana Frances; née Spencer; 1 July 1961 – 31 August 1997), was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, who is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II.
The Diocese of London forms part of the Church of England's Province of Canterbury in England.
The Diocese of Westminster was a short-lived diocese of the Church of England, extant from 1540–1550.
The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded Catholic monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England, Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and provided for their former members and functions.
Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers (known to ringers as "Dove's Guide" or simply "Dove") is the standard reference to the rings of bells hung for English-style full-circle bell ringing.
Duke of Northumberland is a noble title that has been created three times in English and British history, twice in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of Great Britain.
Dunstan (909 – 19 May 988)Lapidge, "Dunstan (d. 988)" was an Abbot of Glastonbury Abbey, a Bishop of Worcester, a Bishop of London, and an Archbishop of Canterbury, later canonised as a saint.
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Earl of Snowdon is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Edgar I (Ēadgār; 943 – 8 July 975), known as Edgar the Peaceful or the Peaceable, was King of England from 959 to 975.
Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress which dominates the skyline of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland from its position on the Castle Rock.
Edmund Crouchback (16 January 1245 – 5 June 1296), a member of the House of Plantagenet, was the second surviving son of Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence.
Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Latin: Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
Edward IV (28 April 1442 – 9 April 1483) was the King of England from 4 March 1461 until 3 October 1470, and again from 11 April 1471 until his death in 1483.
Edward the Confessor (between 1003 and 1005 – 5 January 1066), was among the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England, and usually considered the last king of the House of Wessex, ruling from 1042 to 1066.
Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, OM KCIE PRA FRIBA (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944), was a British architect who is known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era.
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An effigy is a representation of a specific person in the form of sculpture or some other three-dimensional medium.
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Eleanor of Provence (c. 1223 – 24/25 June 1291Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Provence) was Queen consort of England, as the spouse of King Henry III of England, from 1236 until his death in 1272.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is the queen of 16 of the 53 member states in the Commonwealth of Nations.
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Elizabeth of York (11 February 1466 – 11 February 1503) was queen consort of England from 1486 until her death.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
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English Gothic is the name of the architectural style that flourished in England from about 1180 until about 1520.
English Heritage (officially the English Heritage Trust) is a registered charity that looks after the National Heritage Collection.
A flying buttress is a specific form of buttressing most strongly associated with Gothic church architecture.
The Frogmore Estate or Gardens comprise of private gardens within the grounds of the Home Park, adjoining Windsor Castle, in the English county of Berkshire.
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The public funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales started on 6 September 1997 at 9:08 am in London, when the tenor bell sounded to signal the departure of the cortege from Kensington Palace.
Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 – 25 October 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages and was the first poet to be buried in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey.
Sir George Gilbert Scott (13 July 1811 – 27 March 1878), styled Sir Gilbert Scott, was an English Gothic revival architect, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches and cathedrals, although he started his career as a leading designer of workhouses.
George II (George Augustus; Georg II.; 30 October / 9 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death.
George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.
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George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death.
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A gibbet is any instrument of public execution (including guillotine, executioner's block, impalement stake, hanging gallows, or related scaffold), but gibbeting refers to the use of a gallows-type structure from which the dead or dying bodies of executed criminals were hanged on public display to deter other existing or potential criminals.
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Glastonbury Abbey was a monastery in Glastonbury, Somerset, England.
Gloucester Cathedral, formally the Cathedral Church of St Peter and the Holy and Indivisible Trinity, in Gloucester, England, stands in the north of the city near the River Severn.
Gothic architecture is a style of architecture that flourished during the high and late medieval period.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic, Neo-Gothic or Jigsaw Gothic, and when used for school, college, and university buildings as Collegiate Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
Harold II (or Harold Godwinson; Harold Godƿinson; Haroldus; 1022 – 14 October 1066) was the last Anglo-Saxon king of England.
Harrison & Harrison Ltd are a British company that make and restore pipe organs, based in Durham and established in 1861.
Henry I (c. 1068 – 1 December 1135), also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to his death.
Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272), also known as Henry of Winchester, was King of England, Lord of Ireland and Duke of Aquitaine from 1216 until his death.
Sir Henry Irving (6 February 1838 – 13 October 1905), born John Henry Brodribb, sometimes known as J.H. Irving was an English stage actor in the Victorian era, known as an actor-manager because he took complete responsibility (supervision of sets, lighting, direction, casting, as well as playing the leading roles) for season after season at the Lyceum Theatre, establishing himself and his company as representative of English classical theatre.
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Henry George Charles Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood (9 September 1882 – 24 May 1947), styled The Honourable Henry Lascelles before 1892 and Viscount Lascelles between 1892 and 1929, was a British soldier, peer and a Yorkshire landowner.
Henry Purcell (c. 10 September 1659According to Holman and Thompson (Grove Music Online, see References) there is uncertainty regarding the year and day of birth. No record of baptism has been found. The year 1659 is based on Purcell's memorial tablet in Westminster Abbey and the frontispiece of his Sonnata's of III. Parts (London, 1683). The day 10 September is based on vague inscriptions in the manuscript GB-Cfm 88. It may also be relevant that he was appointed to his first salaried post on 10 September 1677, which would have been his eighteenth birthday. – 21 November 1695) was an English composer.
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The Henry VII Lady Chapel, now more often known just as the Henry VII Chapel, is a large Lady chapel at the far eastern end of Westminster Abbey, paid for by the will of Henry VII.
Henry VII (Harri Tudur; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was King of England, ruled the Principality of Wales (until 29 November 1489) and Lord of Ireland from his seizing the crown on 22 August 1485 until his death on 21 April 1509, as the first monarch of the House of Tudor.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death.
Henry Canova Vollam Morton (known as H. V. Morton), (26 July 1892 – 18 June 1979) was a journalist and pioneering travel writer from Lancashire, England.
Henry Yevele (c.1320-1400) was the most prolific and successful master mason active in late medieval England.
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The High Middle Ages or High Medieval Period was the period of European history around the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries (c. 1001–1300).
Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, KB (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy.
The House of Lords is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
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The House of Plantagenet was a royal house which originated from the lands of Anjou in France.
IconoclasmLiterally, "image-breaking", from κλάω.
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Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 164220 March 1726/7) was an English physicist and mathematician (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific revolution.
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The Isle of Portland is a limestone tied island, long by wide, in the English Channel.
James O'Donnell, KCSG, FRCM, FRSCM, HonRAM (born 1961) is Organist and Master of the Choristers of Westminster Abbey.
Joan of Acre (April 1272 – 23 April 1307) was an English princess, a daughter of King Edward I of England and Queen Eleanor of Castile.
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John Loughborough Pearson (15 July 1817 – 11 December 1897) was a Gothic Revival architect renowned for his work on churches and cathedrals.
King Edward's Chair, sometimes known as St Edward's Chair or The Coronation Chair, is the throne on which the British monarch sits for the coronation.
The King James Version (KJV), also known as the Authorized Version (AV) or King James Bible (KJB), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.
Lady Jane Grey (–), also known as Lady Jane Dudley or The Nine Day Queen, was an English noblewoman and de facto monarch of England from 10 July until 19 July 1553.
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The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history generally comprising the 14th and 15th centuries (c. 1301–1500).
The Cathedral Church of St Martin, Leicester, usually known as Leicester Cathedral, is a Church of England cathedral in the English city of Leicester and the seat of the Bishop of Leicester.
Letters patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch or president, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporation.
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Life magazine, stylized LIFE, was an American magazine that ran weekly from 1883 to 1972, published initially as a humor and general interest magazine.
There have been 12 monarchs of Great Britain and the United Kingdom (see the Monarchy of the United Kingdom).
London is the location of many famous churches, chapels and cathedrals, in a density unmatched anywhere else in England.
The monarchy of the Kingdom of England began with Alfred the Great and ended with Queen Anne, who became Queen of Great Britain when England merged with Scotland to form a union in 1707.
The following are lists of World Heritage Sites in Europe.
The Loire Valley (Vallée de Loire), spanning, is located in the middle stretch of the Loire River in central France, primarily within the administrative region named Centre-Val de Loire.
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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
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The London Eye is a giant Ferris wheel on the South Bank of the River Thames in London.
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London River Services Limited is a division of Transport for London (TfL), which manages passenger transport on the River Thames in London, UK.
The London Underground (also known as the Tube or simply the Underground) is a public rapid transit system serving a large part of Greater London and parts of the home counties of Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire and Essex.
In British society, the lordship of a manor is a lordship originating in the feudal system of manorialism.
Louis VIII the Lion (5 September 1187 – 8 November 1226) was a King of France from the House of Capet who reigned from 1223 to 1226.
Luke Hughes (born 11 May 1957) is one of the United Kingdom's leading furniture designers and an accomplished mountaineer.
Margaret of England (15 March 1275 – after 1333) was the tenth child and seventh daughter of King Edward I of England and his first wife, Eleanor of Castile.
Captain Mark Anthony Peter Phillips, (born 22 September 1948) is an English Olympic gold-medal-winning horseman for Great Britain and ex-husband of Anne, Princess Royal, with whom he had two children.
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A martyr (Greek: μάρτυς, mártys, "witness"; stem μάρτυρ-, mártyr-) is somebody who suffers persecution and/or death for advocating, renouncing, refusing to renounce, and/or refusing to advocate a belief or cause of either a religious or secular nature.
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According to the New Testament, Mary (Miriam: מרים; BC – AD), also known as Saint Mary or the Virgin Mary, was a Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth and the mother of Jesus.
Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death.
Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood (Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary; 25 April 1897 – 28 March 1965) was a member of the British Royal Family; she was the third child and only daughter of King George V and Queen Mary.
Matilda of Scotland (c. 1080 – 1 May 1118), born Edith, was Queen of England as the first wife of King Henry I.
Mellitus (died 24 April 624) was the first Bishop of London in the Saxon period, the third Archbishop of Canterbury, and a member of the Gregorian mission sent to England to convert the Anglo-Saxons from their native paganism to Christianity.
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A monk (from μοναχός, monachos, "single, solitary" and Latin monachus) is a person who practices religious asceticism, living either alone or with any number of other monks.
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Teresa of Calcutta, MC,"Blessed Mother Teresa".
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The narthex is an architectural element typical of early Christian and Byzantine basilicas and churches consisting of the entrance or lobby area, located at the west end of the nave, opposite the church's main altar.
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In Romanesque and Gothic Christian abbey, cathedral, basilica and church architecture, the nave is the main body of the church.
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The New English Bible (NEB) is a translation of the Bible into modern English directly from the original Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic texts (and from Latin for 2 Esdras in the Apocrypha).
The New Testament (Koine Greek: Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē) is the second major part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, which is based on the Hebrew Bible.
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Nicholas Hawksmoor (probably 1661 – 25 March 1736) was an English architect.
Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner CBE FBA (30 January 1902 – 18 August 1983), was a German-born British scholar of history of art and, especially, of history of architecture.
The Old Testament is the first section of the Christian Bible, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible, a collection of religious writings by ancient Israelites.
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Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
The Order of Saint Benedict (OSB; Latin: Ordo Sancti Benedicti), also knownin reference to the colour of its members' habitsas the Black Monks, is a Roman Catholic religious order of independent monastic communities that observe the Rule of Saint Benedict.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
An Organist and Master of the Choristers is a title given to a Director of Music at a cathedral, particularly a Church of England cathedral.
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Patience Lovell Wright (1725 – March 23, 1786) was the first recognized American-born sculptor.
Poets' Corner is the name traditionally given to a section of the South Transept of Westminster Abbey because of the high number of poets, playwrights, and writers buried and commemorated there.
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Pope Benedict XVI (Benedictus XVI; Benedetto XVI; Benedikt XVI; born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger;; on 16 April 1927) served as Pope of the Catholic Church from 2005 until his resignation in 2013.
Portland stone is a limestone from the Tithonian stage of the Jurassic period quarried on the Isle of Portland, Dorset.
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A precentor is a person who helps facilitate worship.
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Prince Andrew, Duke of York (Andrew Albert Christian Edward, born 19 February 1960), is the second son and third child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
Prince George, Duke of Kent (George Edward Alexander Edmund; 20 December 1902 – 25 August 1942) was a member of the British Royal Family, the fourth son and fifth child of King George V and Queen Mary, and younger brother of Kings Edward VIII and George VI.
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark on 10 June 1921) is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II.
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, (William Arthur Philip Louis, born 21 June 1982) is the elder son of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales.
Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy (Alexandra Helen Elizabeth Olga Christabel; born 25 December 1936) is the youngest granddaughter of King George V and Queen Mary.
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon (Margaret Rose; 21 August 1930 – 9 February 2002), was the younger daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, and the only sibling of Queen Elizabeth II.
Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark (Μαρίνα; 27 August 1968), later Duchess of Kent, was the wife of Prince George, Duke of Kent, the fourth son of King George V of the United Kingdom and Mary of Teck.
Princess Patricia of Connaught (Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth; later Lady Patricia Ramsay; 17 March 1886 – 12 January 1974) was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria.
Ptolemy Dean (born 1968) is a British architect, television presenter and the 19th Surveyor of the Fabric of Westminster Abbey.
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The Puritans were a group of English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to purify the Church of England from all Roman Catholic practices, maintaining that the Church of England was only partially reformed.
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Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002) was the wife of King George VI and the mother of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon.
Richard II (6 January 1367 – c. 14 February 1400), also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed on 30 September 1399.
Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death in 1485, at the age of 32, in the Battle of Bosworth Field.
Richard Phelps (c. 1670–1738) was born in Avebury, Wiltshire, England.
Richard (5 January 1209 – 2 April 1272), second son of John, King of England, was Count of Poitou (1225-1243), Earl of Cornwall (from 1225) and King of the Romans (from 1257).
A "Ring of bells" (or "peal of bells") is a set of bells hung in the English style, typically for change ringing.
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The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England.
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Robert Blake (27 September 1598 – 7 August 1657) was one of the most important military commanders of the Commonwealth of England and one of the most famous English admirals of the 17th century, whose successes have "never been excelled, not even by Nelson" according to one biographer.
Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.
A roof lantern is a daylighting cupola architectural element.
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The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.
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A Royal Peculiar (or Royal Peculier) is a Church of England parish or church exempt from the jurisdiction of the diocese in which it lies and subject to the direct jurisdiction of the monarch.
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Russians (русские, russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Russia, who speak the Russian language and primarily live in Russia. They are the most numerous ethnic group in Russia constituting more than 80% of the country's population according to the census of 2010, and the most numerous ethnic group in Europe.
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Saint Peter (Petrus, Petros, Syriac/Aramaic: ܫܸܡܥܘܿܢ ܟܹ݁ܐܦ݂ܵܐ, Shemayon Keppa, שמעון בר יונה; died 64 AD), also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, or Simōn, according to the New Testament, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, leaders of the early Christian Church.
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The Sainte-Chapelle (Holy Chapel) is a royal medieval Gothic chapel, located near the Palais de la Cité, on the Île de la Cité in the heart of Paris, France.
Sanchia of Provence (c. 1228 – 9 November 1261) was the third daughter of Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy.
Sarah, Duchess of York (Sarah Margaret; née Ferguson; born 15 October 1959) is a British writer, charity patron, public speaker, film producer and television personality.
Scottish nationalism is nationalism that promotes the idea that the Scottish people form a cohesive nation and national identity.
Sergei Fyodorov (Сергей Константинович Фёдоров, alternative English spelling Sergey Fedorov), born in Moscow, Russia in 1969, is a Russian icon painter.
A shrine (scrinium "case or chest for books or papers"; Old French: escrin "box or case") is a holy or sacred place, which is dedicated to a specific deity, ancestor, hero, martyr, saint, daemon or similar figure of awe and respect, at which they are venerated or worshipped.
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Simon John Preston CBE (born 4 August 1938, Bournemouth, Dorset—at that time in Hampshire) is an English organist, conductor, and composer.
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The Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, the United Kingdom's lower chamber of Parliament.
St George's Chapel is the place of worship at Windsor Castle in England, United Kingdom.
The church of St Margaret, Westminster Abbey, is situated in the grounds of Westminster Abbey on Parliament Square, and is the Anglican parish church of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom in London.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church church of the Diocese of London.
The Stone of Scone (An Lia Fàil, Stane o Scuin)—also known as the Stone of Destiny, and often referred to in England as The Coronation Stone—is an oblong block of red sandstone that was used for centuries in the coronation of the monarchs of Scotland, and later the monarchs of England and the Kingdom of Great Britain.
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Sulcard (floruit c. 1080) was a Benedictine monk at St.
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The Abbey (1995) — or The Abbey with Alan Bennett — is a three-part BBC TV documentary written and hosted by playwright Alan Bennett and directed by Jonathan Stedall.
The Blitz (shortened from German Blitzkrieg, "lightning war") was the period of sustained strategic bombing of the United Kingdom by Nazi Germany during the Second World War.
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The Guardian is a British national daily newspaper.
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The British tomb of The Unknown Warrior holds an unidentified British soldier killed on a European battlefield during the First World War.
Thorney Island was the eyot (or small island) on the Thames, upstream of mediaeval London, where Westminster Abbey and the Palace of Westminster (commonly known today as the Houses of Parliament) were built.
Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, known as the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.
The Trial of the Pyx is the procedure in the United Kingdom for ensuring that newly minted coins conform to required standards.
A triforium is a shallow arched gallery within the thickness of inner wall, which stands above the nave of a church or cathedral.
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The Tudor dynasty or House of Tudor was a royal house of Welsh and English origin, descended in the male line from the Tudors of Penmynydd.
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The Tudor rose (sometimes called the Union rose) is the traditional floral heraldic emblem of England and takes its name and origins from the Tudor dynasty.
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Tuffeau is a marine sedimentary rock which is found in the Loire Valley of France.
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Tyburn was a village in the county of Middlesex close to the current location of Marble Arch in present-day London.
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An undercroft is traditionally a cellar or storage room, often brick-lined and vaulted, and used for storage in buildings since medieval times.
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
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Vault (French voûte, from Italian volta) is an architectural term for an arched form used to provide a space with a ceiling or roof.
The Victoria Tower is the square tower at the south-west end of the Palace of Westminster in London, facing south and west onto Black Rod's Garden and Old Palace Yard.
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Victorian restoration was the widespread and extensive refurbishment and rebuilding of Church of England churches and cathedrals that took place in England and Wales during the 19th-century reign of Queen Victoria.
The wedding of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine Middleton took place on 29 April 2011 at Westminster Abbey in London, England.
The wedding of Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh took place on 20 November 1947 at Westminster Abbey in London.
Westminster Abbey Choir School is a boarding preparatory school for boys in Westminster, London and the only remaining choir school in the United Kingdom which exclusively educates choristers.
The Westminster Abbey Museum is located in the 11th-century vaulted undercroft beneath the former monks' dormitory in Westminster Abbey, London, England.
Westminster Millennium Pier is a pier on the River Thames, in the City of Westminster in London, UK.
The Westminster Retable, the oldest known panel painting altarpiece in England,, with full image of the retable, accessed 13 July 2010 is estimated to have been painted in the 1270s in the circle of Plantagenet court painters, for Westminster Abbey, very probably for the high altar.
The Royal College of St Peter in Westminster, better known as Westminster School, is an independent school within in the precincts of Westminster Abbey in England.
Westminster is a London Underground station in the City of Westminster.
The Whitechapel Bell Foundry is a bell foundry in Whitechapel in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, and is the oldest manufacturing company in Great Britain.
William Pitt the Younger (28 May 1759 – 23 January 1806) was a British politician of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
William I (Old Norman: Williame I; c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.
William Wilberforce (24 August 175929 July 1833) was an English politician, philanthropist, and a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade.
Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire.
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The World Heritage Committee establishes the sites to be listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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The Worshipful Company of Fishmongers (or Fishmongers' Company) is one of the 110 Livery Companies of the City of London, being an incorporated guild of sellers of fish and seafood in the City.
Abbey of Westminster, Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, St Edmund's Chapel, Westminster Abbey, St Peter's Church, Westminster, St Peter's Monastery, Westminster, St. Peter's, Westminster, St. Peter, Westminster, The Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, Westminister Abbey, Westminister abby, Westminster Abbey and St. Margaret's Church - Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church, Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church, Westminster abbey, Westminster abby, Westmister Abbey.