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Photography

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Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film. [1]

230 relations: A picture is worth a thousand words, Additive color, Adobe Systems, Advertising agency, Aesthetics, Agfa-Gevaert, Agfacolor, Albertus Magnus, Albumen print, Alfred Hitchcock, Alfred Stieglitz, Alistair Cameron Crombie, Ambrotype, Analog photography, Ansel Adams, Anthemius of Tralles, Aphorism, Arabs, Aristotle, Art museum, Ascot tie, Astrophotography, Atmospheric electricity, Atmospheric pressure, Auguste and Louis Lumière, Autochrome Lumière, BBC, Beauty, Bitumen of Judea, Black and white, Book of Optics, Branded Entertainment Network, Calotype, Camera obscura, Candid photography, Carbon print, Celebrity photography, Celluloid, Cellulose acetate, Cellulose acetate film, Charge-coupled device, Charles Brooke (surgeon), Charles-François Tiphaigne de la Roche, Clive Bell, CMOS, Collodion process, Color photography, Complementary colors, Computer-generated imagery, Conceptual photography, ..., Concert photography, Contact print, Copyright, Crime scene, Cropping (image), Cyanotype, Daguerreotype, Daniele Barbaro, Design, Diaphragm (optics), Digital image processing, Digital photography, Dream Pool Essays, Dye coupler, Earth's magnetic field, Eclecticism in art, Edward Steichen, Edward Weston, Egg white, Electric charge, Electromagnetic radiation, English language, Enlarger, Euclid, Exposure (photography), F. Holland Day, Fashion photography, Fine-art photography, First Amendment to the United States Constitution, Fisheye lens, Focus (optics), Food photography, Forensic photography, Francis Ronalds, Frederick Scott Archer, Freeman Patterson, Full-spectrum photography, Gabriel Lippmann, Georg Fabricius, Getty Images, Giphantie, Glamour photography, Group f/64, Harper's Bazaar, Hércules Florence, Helmut Gernsheim, Henry Fox Talbot, Hermann Wilhelm Vogel, History of forensic photography, History of science and technology in China, Hobby, Holography, Hot mirror, Hue, Humidity, Hurter and Driffield, Ibn al-Haytham, Image, Image editing, Image file formats, Image scanner, Image sensor, Imagina, Indianapolis, Infrared photography, Instant film, Iodine, James Clerk Maxwell, Johann Heinrich von Mädler, John Herschel, John Szarkowski, King's Observatory, Kodachrome, Kodak, Kodak DCS 100, Lacock Abbey, Landscape photography, Latent image, Latin, Lens (optics), Leonardo da Vinci, Light field, List of men's magazines, List of photographers, List of songs about photography, Louis Arthur Ducos du Hauron, Louis Daguerre, Macro photography, Mercury (element), Michael Faraday, Micrograph, Microstock photography, Minilab, Model (person), Mosaic, Movie camera, Mozi, Negative (photography), Nicéphore Niépce, Nitrocellulose, Nude photography, On Photography, Optics, Outline of photography, Oxford University Press, Packshot, Paparazzi, Passion (emotion), Photo manipulation, Photocopier, Photogram, Photographic developer, Photographic emulsion, Photographic film, Photographic filter, Photographic paper, Photographic plate, Photographic printing, Photographic processing, Photojournalism, Photolithography, Photomontage, Pictorialism, Pinhole camera, Pixel, Polaroid Corporation, Polymath, Portrait photography, Positive (photography), Potato starch, Process camera, Raw image format, Real image, Rear Window, Ren Ng, Renaissance, Reversal film, RGB color model, Robert Cornelius, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, Royal Society, School of Names, Science of photography, Sensitometry, Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Shen Kuo, Silicon, Silver chloride, Silver halide, Silver nitrate, Slide projector, Sodium chloride, Sodium thiosulfate, Soft focus, Sony, Sony Mavica, Spectroscopy, Still life photography, Stock photography, Straight photography, Street photography, Subtractive color, Susan Sontag, Thermographic camera, Thomas Wedgwood (photographer), Tintype, Ultraviolet photography, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Victorian era, View from the Window at Le Gras, Visible spectrum, Wave interference, Wedding photography, Wildlife photography, Wilhelm Homberg, Wootton bridge collapse, Work of art, X-ray, Xerography, 99 Cent II Diptychon. Expand index (180 more) »

A picture is worth a thousand words

"A picture is worth a thousand words" is an English language-idiom.

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Additive color

Additive color is a method to create color by mixing a number of different light colors, with shades of red, green, and blue being the most common primary colors used in additive color system.

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Adobe Systems

Adobe Systems Incorporated, commonly known as Adobe, is an American multinational computer software company.

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Advertising agency

An advertising agency, often referred to as a creative agency, is a business dedicated to creating, planning, and handling advertising and sometimes other forms of promotion and marketing for its clients.

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Aesthetics

Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.

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Agfa-Gevaert

Agfa-Gevaert N.V. (Agfa) is a Belgian-German multinational corporation that develops, manufactures, and distributes analogue and digital imaging products and systems, as well as IT solutions.

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Agfacolor

An Agfacolor slide dated 1938 from Zakopane in Poland. An Agfacolor slide dating from the early 1940s. While the colors themselves have held up well, damage visible includes dust and Newton's rings.Agfacolor was the name of a series of color film products made by Agfa of Germany.

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Albertus Magnus

Albertus Magnus, O.P. (c. 1200 – November 15, 1280), also known as Saint Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, was a German Catholic Dominican friar and bishop.

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Albumen print

The albumen print, also called albumen silver print, was published in January 1847 by Louis Désiré Blanquart-Evrard, and was the first commercially exploitable method of producing a photographic print on a paper base from a negative.

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Alfred Hitchcock

Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was an English film director and producer, widely regarded as one of the most influential filmmakers in the history of cinema.

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Alfred Stieglitz

Alfred Stieglitz (January 1, 1864 – July 13, 1946) was an American photographer and modern art promoter who was instrumental over his fifty-year career in making photography an accepted art form.

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Alistair Cameron Crombie

Alistair Cameron Crombie (4 November 1915 – 9 February 1996) was an Australian historian of science who began his career as a zoologist.

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Ambrotype

The ambrotype (from ἀμβροτός — “immortal”, and τύπος — “impression”) or amphitype, also known as a collodion positive in the UK, is a positive photograph on glass made by a variant of the wet plate collodion process.

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Analog photography

Analog photography is photography that uses a progressively changing recording medium, which may be either chemical process based (e.g., photographic film or plate) or electronic (e.g., vidicon or CCD sensor).

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Ansel Adams

Ansel Easton Adams (February 20, 1902 – April 22, 1984) was an American photographer and environmentalist.

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Anthemius of Tralles

Anthemius of Tralles (Ἀνθέμιος ὁ Τραλλιανός, Medieval Greek:, Anthémios o Trallianós; – 533 558) was a Greek from Tralles who worked as a geometer and architect in Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire.

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Aphorism

An aphorism (from Greek ἀφορισμός: aphorismos, denoting "delimitation", "distinction", and "definition") is a concise, terse, laconic, and/or memorable expression of a general truth or principle.

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Arabs

Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.

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Aristotle

Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.

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Art museum

An art museum or art gallery is a building or space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art.

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Ascot tie

An ascot tie, or ascot or hanker-tie, is a neckband with wide pointed wings, traditionally made of pale grey patterned silk.

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Astrophotography

Astrophotography is a specialized type of photography for recording photos of astronomical objects, celestial events, and areas of the night sky.

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Atmospheric electricity

Atmospheric electricity is the study of electrical charges in the Earth's atmosphere (or that of another planet).

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Atmospheric pressure

Atmospheric pressure, sometimes also called barometric pressure, is the pressure within the atmosphere of Earth (or that of another planet).

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Auguste and Louis Lumière

The Lumière brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas; 19 October 1862 – 10 April 1954) and Louis Jean; 5 October 1864 – 7 June 1948), were among the first filmmakers in history. They patented an improved cinematograph, which in contrast to Thomas Edison's "peepshow" kinetoscope allowed simultaneous viewing by multiple parties.

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Autochrome Lumière

The Autochrome Lumière is an early color photography process patented in 1903 by the Lumière brothers in France and first marketed in 1907.

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BBC

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

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Beauty

Beauty is a characteristic of an animal, idea, object, person or place that provides a perceptual experience of pleasure or satisfaction.

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Bitumen of Judea

Bitumen of Judea, or Syrian asphalt, is a naturally occurring asphalt that has been put to many uses since ancient times.

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Black and white

Black and white, often abbreviated B/W or B&W, and hyphenated black-and-white when used as an adjective, is any of several monochrome forms in visual arts.

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Book of Optics

The Book of Optics (Kitāb al-Manāẓir; Latin: De Aspectibus or Perspectiva; Italian: Deli Aspecti) is a seven-volume treatise on optics and other fields of study composed by the medieval Arab scholar Ibn al-Haytham, known in the West as Alhazen or Alhacen (965– c. 1040 AD).

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Branded Entertainment Network

Branded Entertainment Network (BEN) is a Los Angeles-based advertising and licensing agency.

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Calotype

Calotype or talbotype is an early photographic process introduced in 1841 by William Henry Fox Talbot, using paper coated with silver iodide.

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Camera obscura

Camera obscura (plural camera obscura or camera obscuras; from Latin, meaning "dark room": camera "(vaulted) chamber or room," and obscura "darkened, dark"), also referred to as pinhole image, is the natural optical phenomenon that occurs when an image of a scene at the other side of a screen (or for instance a wall) is projected through a small hole in that screen as a reversed and inverted image (left to right and upside down) on a surface opposite to the opening.

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Candid photography

A candid photograph is a photograph captured without creating a posed appearance.

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Carbon print

A carbon print is a photographic print with an image consisting of pigmented gelatin, rather than of silver or other metallic particles suspended in a uniform layer of gelatin, as in typical black-and-white prints, or of chromogenic dyes, as in typical photographic color prints.

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Celebrity photography

Celebrity photography is a subset of photojournalism where the subjects are celebrities in the arts, sports and sometimes politics.

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Celluloid

Celluloids are a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, with added dyes and other agents.

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Cellulose acetate

Cellulose acetate is the acetate ester of cellulose.

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Cellulose acetate film

Cellulose acetate film, or safety film, is used in photography as a base material for photographic emulsions.

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Charge-coupled device

A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.

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Charles Brooke (surgeon)

Charles Brooke FRMS FRS (30 June 1804 – 17 May 1879) was an English surgeon and inventor.

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Charles-François Tiphaigne de la Roche

Charles-François Tiphaigne de la Roche, (February 19, 1722 – August 11, 1774), was a French author.

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Clive Bell

Arthur Clive Heward Bell (16 September 1881 – 18 September 1964) was an English art critic, associated with formalism and the Bloomsbury Group.

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CMOS

Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor, abbreviated as CMOS, is a technology for constructing integrated circuits.

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Collodion process

The collodion process is an early photographic process.

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Color photography

Color (or colour) photography is photography that uses media capable of reproducing colors.

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Complementary colors

Complementary colors are pairs of colors which, when combined, cancel each other out.

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Computer-generated imagery

Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of computer graphics to create or contribute to images in art, printed media, video games, films, television programs, shorts, commercials, videos, and simulators.

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Conceptual photography

Conceptual photography is a type of photography that illustrates an idea.

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Concert photography

Concert photography is the photography of activities relating to concerts and music.

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Contact print

A contact print is a photographic image produced from film; sometimes from a film negative, and sometimes from a film positive.

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Copyright

Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.

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Crime scene

A crime scene is any location that may be associated with a committed crime.

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Cropping (image)

Cropping is the removal of unwanted outer areas from a photographic or illustrated image.

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Cyanotype

Cyanotype is a photographic printing process that produces a cyan-blue print.

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Daguerreotype

The Daguerreotype (daguerréotype) process, or daguerreotypy, was the first publicly available photographic process, and for nearly twenty years it was the one most commonly used.

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Daniele Barbaro

Daniele Matteo Alvise Barbaro (also Barbarus) (8 February 1514 – 13 April 1570) was an Italian architect, writer on architecture, and translator of, and commentator on, Vitruvius.

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Design

Design is the creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object, system or measurable human interaction (as in architectural blueprints, engineering drawings, business processes, circuit diagrams, and sewing patterns).

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Diaphragm (optics)

In optics, a diaphragm is a thin opaque structure with an opening (aperture) at its center.

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Digital image processing

In computer science, Digital image processing is the use of computer algorithms to perform image processing on digital images.

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Digital photography

Digital photography is a form of photography that uses cameras containing arrays of electronic photodetectors to capture images focused by a lens, as opposed to an exposure on photographic film.

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Dream Pool Essays

The Dream Pool Essays or Dream Torrent Essays (Pinyin: Mèng Xī Bǐ Tán; Wade-Giles: Meng⁴ Hsi¹ Pi³-t'an²; Chinese: 夢溪筆談/梦溪笔谈) was an extensive book written by the Han Chinese polymath, genius, scientist and statesman Shen Kuo (1031-1095) by 1088 AD, during the Song dynasty (960-1279) of China.

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Dye coupler

Dye coupler is present in chromogenic film and paper used in photography, primarily color photography.

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Earth's magnetic field

Earth's magnetic field, also known as the geomagnetic field, is the magnetic field that extends from the Earth's interior out into space, where it meets the solar wind, a stream of charged particles emanating from the Sun.

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Eclecticism in art

Eclecticism is a kind of mixed style in the fine arts: "the borrowing of a variety of styles from different sources and combining them".

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Edward Steichen

Edward Jean Steichen (March 27, 1879 – March 25, 1973) was a Luxembourgish American photographer, painter, and art gallery and museum curator.

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Edward Weston

Charis Wilson | partner.

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Egg white

Egg white is the clear liquid (also called the albumen or the glair/glaire) contained within an egg.

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Electric charge

Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when placed in an electromagnetic field.

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Electromagnetic radiation

In physics, electromagnetic radiation (EM radiation or EMR) refers to the waves (or their quanta, photons) of the electromagnetic field, propagating (radiating) through space-time, carrying electromagnetic radiant energy.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Enlarger

An enlarger is a specialized transparency projector used to produce photographic prints from film or glass negatives, or from transparencies.

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Euclid

Euclid (Εὐκλείδης Eukleidēs; fl. 300 BC), sometimes given the name Euclid of Alexandria to distinguish him from Euclides of Megara, was a Greek mathematician, often referred to as the "founder of geometry" or the "father of geometry".

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Exposure (photography)

In photography, exposure is the amount of light per unit area (the image plane illuminance times the exposure time) reaching a photographic film or electronic image sensor, as determined by shutter speed, lens aperture and scene luminance.

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F. Holland Day

Fred Holland Day (Boston July 23, 1864 - November 12, 1933) was an American photographer and publisher.

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Fashion photography

Fashion photography is a genre of photography which is devoted to displaying clothing and other fashion items.

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Fine-art photography

Fine-art photography is photography created in accordance with the vision of the artist as photographer.

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First Amendment to the United States Constitution

The First Amendment (Amendment I) to the United States Constitution prevents Congress from making any law respecting an establishment of religion, prohibiting the free exercise of religion, or abridging the freedom of speech, the freedom of the press, the right to peaceably assemble, or to petition for a governmental redress of grievances.

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Fisheye lens

A fisheye lens is an ultra wide-angle lens that produces strong visual distortion intended to create a wide panoramic or hemispherical image.

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Focus (optics)

In geometrical optics, a focus, also called an image point, is the point where light rays originating from a point on the object converge.

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Food photography

Food photography is a still life photography genre used to create attractive still life photographs of food.

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Forensic photography

Forensic photography, also referred to as crime scene photography, is an activity that records the initial appearance of the crime scene and physical evidence, in order to provide a permanent record for the courts.

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Francis Ronalds

Sir Francis Ronalds FRS (21 February 1788 – 8 August 1873) was an English scientist and inventor, and arguably the first electrical engineer.

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Frederick Scott Archer

Frederick Scott Archer (1813 – 1 May 1857) invented the photographic collodion process which preceded the modern gelatin emulsion.

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Freeman Patterson

Freeman Wilford Patterson, (born September 25, 1937) is a Canadian nature photographer and writer born at Long Reach, New Brunswick.

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Full-spectrum photography

Full-spectrum photography is a subset of multispectral imaging, defined among photography enthusiasts as imaging with consumer cameras the full, broad spectrum of a film or camera sensor bandwidth.

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Gabriel Lippmann

Jonas Ferdinand Gabriel Lippmann (16 August 1845 – 13 July 1921) was a Franco-Luxembourgish physicist and inventor, and Nobel laureate in physics for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference.

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Georg Fabricius

Georg Fabricius (23 April 1516 – 17 July 1571), born Georg Goldschmidt, was a Protestant German poet, historian and archaeologist who wrote in Latin on age of German Renaissance.

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Getty Images

Getty Images, Inc. is an American stock photo agency, with headquarters in Seattle, Washington, United States.

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Giphantie

Giphantie is a novel by Tiphaigne de la Roche published in 1760.

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Glamour photography

Glamour photography is a genre of photography in which the subjects are portrayed in erotic poses ranging from fully clothed to nude.

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Group f/64

Group f/64 was a group founded by seven 20th-century San Francisco photographers who shared a common photographic style characterized by sharp-focused on and carefully framed images seen through a particularly Western (U.S.) viewpoint.

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Harper's Bazaar

Harper's Bazaar is an American women's fashion magazine, first published in 1867.

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Hércules Florence

Antoine Hercule Romuald Florence (1804, Nice, France – March 27, 1879, Campinas, Brazil) was a Monegasque-Brazilian painter and inventor, known as the isolate inventor of photography in Brazil, three years before Daguerre (but six years after Nicéphore Niépce), using the matrix negative/positive, still in use.

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Helmut Gernsheim

Helmut Erich Robert Kuno Gernsheim (1 March 1913 – 20 July 1995) was a historian of photography, collector, and photographer.

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Henry Fox Talbot

William Henry Fox Talbot FRS (11 February 180017 September 1877) was a British scientist, inventor and photography pioneer who invented the salted paper and calotype processes, precursors to photographic processes of the later 19th and 20th centuries.

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Hermann Wilhelm Vogel

Hermann Wilhelm Vogel (26 March 1834 – 17 December 1898) was a German photochemist and photographer who discovered dye sensitization, which is of great importance to photography.

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History of forensic photography

Forensic science holds the branch of forensic photography which encompasses documenting both suspected and convicted criminals, and also the crime scenes, victims, and other evidence needed to make a conviction.

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History of science and technology in China

Ancient Chinese scientists and engineers made significant scientific innovations, findings and technological advances across various scientific disciplines including the natural sciences, engineering, medicine, military technology, mathematics, geology and astronomy.

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Hobby

A hobby is a regular activity that is done for enjoyment, typically during one's leisure time.

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Holography

Holography is the science and practice of making holograms.

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Hot mirror

A hot mirror is a specialized dielectric mirror, a dichroic filter, often employed to protect optical systems by reflecting infrared light back into a light source, while allowing visible light to pass.

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Hue

Hue is one of the main properties (called color appearance parameters) of a color, defined technically (in the CIECAM02 model), as "the degree to which a stimulus can be described as similar to or different from stimuli that are described as red, green, blue, and yellow", (which in certain theories of color vision are called unique hues).

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Humidity

Humidity is the amount of water vapor present in the air.

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Hurter and Driffield

Ferdinand Hurter (1844–1898) and Vero Charles Driffield (1848–1915) were nineteenth-century photographic scientists who brought quantitative scientific practice to photography through the methods of sensitometry and densitometry.

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Ibn al-Haytham

Hasan Ibn al-Haytham (Latinized Alhazen; full name أبو علي، الحسن بن الحسن بن الهيثم) was an Arab mathematician, astronomer, and physicist of the Islamic Golden Age.

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Image

An image (from imago) is an artifact that depicts visual perception, for example, a photo or a two-dimensional picture, that has a similar appearance to some subject—usually a physical object or a person, thus providing a depiction of it.

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Image editing

Image editing encompasses the processes of altering images, whether they are digital photographs, traditional photo-chemical photographs, or illustrations.

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Image file formats

Image file formats are standardized means of organizing and storing digital images.

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Image scanner

An image scanner—often abbreviated to just scanner, although the term is ambiguous out of context (barcode scanner, CT scanner etc.)—is a device that optically scans images, printed text, handwriting or an object and converts it to a digital image.

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Image sensor

An image sensor or imaging sensor is a sensor that detects and conveys the information that constitutes an image.

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Imagina

IMAGINA is the name of an annual festival on computer graphics (CG) that takes place in Monte-Carlo, Monaco.

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Indianapolis

Indianapolis is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County.

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Infrared photography

Top: tree photographed in the near infrared range.

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Instant film

Instant film is a type of photographic film introduced by Polaroid to be used in an instant camera (and, with accessory hardware, many other professional film cameras).

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Iodine

Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53.

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James Clerk Maxwell

James Clerk Maxwell (13 June 1831 – 5 November 1879) was a Scottish scientist in the field of mathematical physics.

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Johann Heinrich von Mädler

Johann Heinrich von Mädler (May 29, 1794, Berlin – March 14, 1874, Hannover) was a German astronomer.

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John Herschel

Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet (7 March 1792 – 11 May 1871) was an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, experimental photographer who invented the blueprint, and did botanical work.

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John Szarkowski

Thaddeus John Szarkowski (December 18, 1925 – July 7, 2007) was a photographer, curator, historian, and critic.

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King's Observatory

The King's Observatory (called for many years the Kew Observatory) is a Grade I listed building in Richmond, London.

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Kodachrome

Kodachrome is a brand name for a non-substantive, color reversal film introduced by Eastman Kodak in 1935.

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Kodak

The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak) is an American technology company that produces imaging products with its historic basis on photography.

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Kodak DCS 100

The Kodak Professional Digital Camera System or DCS, later unofficially named DCS 100, was the first commercially available digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) camera.

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Lacock Abbey

Lacock Abbey in the village of Lacock, Wiltshire, England, was founded in the early 13th century by Ela, Countess of Salisbury, as a nunnery of the Augustinian order.

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Landscape photography

Landscape photography shows spaces within the world, sometimes vast and unending, but other times microscopic.

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Latent image

A latent image is an invisible image produced by the exposure to light of a photosensitive material such as photographic film.

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Lens (optics)

A lens is a transmissive optical device that focuses or disperses a light beam by means of refraction.

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Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.

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Light field

The light field is a vector function that describes the amount of light flowing in every direction through every point in space.

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List of men's magazines

This is a list of magazines primarily marketed to men.

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List of photographers

This is a list of notable photographers.

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List of songs about photography

A list of songs in which photography is one of the main subjects.

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Louis Arthur Ducos du Hauron

Louis Arthur Ducos du Hauron (8 December 1837 – 31 August 1920) was a French pioneer of color photography.

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Louis Daguerre

Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre (18 November 1787 – 10 July 1851), better known as Louis Daguerre, was a French artist and photographer, recognized for his invention of the daguerreotype process of photography.

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Macro photography

Macro photography (or photomacrography or macrography, and sometimes macrophotography), is extreme close-up photography, usually of very small subjects and living organisms like insects, in which the size of the subject in the photograph is greater than life size (though macrophotography technically refers to the art of making very large photographs).

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Mercury (element)

Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.

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Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday FRS (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) was an English scientist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry.

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Micrograph

A micrograph or photomicrograph is a photograph or digital image taken through a microscope or similar device to show a magnified image of an item.

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Microstock photography

Microstock photography, also known as micropayment photography, is a part of the stock photography industry.

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Minilab

A minilab is a small photographic developing and printing system, as opposed to large centralized photo developing labs.

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Model (person)

A model is a person with a role either to promote, display or advertise commercial products (notably fashion clothing in fashion shows), or to serve as a visual aid for people who are creating works of art or to pose for photography.

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Mosaic

A mosaic is a piece of art or image made from the assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials.

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Movie camera

The movie camera, film camera or cine-camera is a type of photographic camera which takes a rapid sequence of photographs on an image sensor or on a film.

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Mozi

Mozi (Latinized as Micius; c. 470 – c. 391 BC), original name Mo Di (墨翟), was a Chinese philosopher during the Hundred Schools of Thought period (early Warring States period).

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Negative (photography)

In photography, a negative is an image, usually on a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film, in which the lightest areas of the photographed subject appear darkest and the darkest areas appear lightest.

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Nicéphore Niépce

Joseph Nicéphore Niépce (7 March 1765 – 5 July 1833) was a French inventor, now usually credited as the inventor of photography and a pioneer in that field.

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Nitrocellulose

Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.

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Nude photography

Nude photography is the creation of any photograph which contains an image of a nude or semi-nude person, or an image suggestive of nudity.

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On Photography

On Photography is a 1977 collection of essays by Susan Sontag.

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Optics

Optics is the branch of physics which involves the behaviour and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.

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Outline of photography

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to photography: Photography – process of making pictures by the action of recording light patterns, reflected or emitted from objects, on a photosensitive medium or an image sensor through a timed exposure.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

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Packshot

A packshot (also pack shot) is a still or moving image of a product, usually including its packaging and labeling, used to portray the product's reputation in advertising or other media.

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Paparazzi

Paparazzi (singular: masculine paparazzo or feminine paparazza) are independent photographers who take pictures of high-profile people, such as athletes, entertainers, politicians, and other celebrities, typically while subjects go about their usual life routines.

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Passion (emotion)

Passion (Greek πασχω and late Latin (Christian theology) pati: "suffer") is a feeling of intense enthusiasm towards or compelling desire for someone or something.

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Photo manipulation

Photo manipulation involves transforming or altering a photograph using various methods and techniques to achieve desired results.

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Photocopier

A photocopier (also known as a copier or copy machine) is a machine that makes paper copies of documents and other visual images quickly and cheaply.

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Photogram

A photogram is a photographic image made without a camera by placing objects directly onto the surface of a light-sensitive material such as photographic paper and then exposing it to light.

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Photographic developer

In the processing of photographic films, plates or papers, the photographic developer (or just developer) is one or more chemicals that convert the latent image to a visible image.

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Photographic emulsion

Photographic emulsion is a light-sensitive colloid used in film-based photography.

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Photographic film

Photographic film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals.

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Photographic filter

In photography and videography, a filter is a camera accessory consisting of an optical filter that can be inserted into the optical path.

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Photographic paper

Photographic paper is a paper coated with a light-sensitive chemical formula, used for making photographic prints.

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Photographic plate

Photographic plates preceded photographic film as a capture medium in photography.

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Photographic printing

Photographic printing is the process of producing a final image on paper for viewing, using chemically sensitized paper.

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Photographic processing

Photographic processing or development is the chemical means by which photographic film or paper is treated after photographic exposure to produce a negative or positive image.

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Photojournalism

Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that employs images in order to tell a news story.

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Photolithography

Photolithography, also termed optical lithography or UV lithography, is a process used in microfabrication to pattern parts of a thin film or the bulk of a substrate.

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Photomontage

Photomontage is the process and the result of making a composite photograph by cutting, gluing, rearranging and overlapping two or more photographs into a new image.

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Pictorialism

Pictorialism is the name given to an international style and aesthetic movement that dominated photography during the later 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Pinhole camera

A pinhole camera is a simple camera without a lens but with a tiny aperture, a pinhole – effectively a light-proof box with a small hole in one side.

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Pixel

In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.

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Polaroid Corporation

Polaroid is an American company that is a brand licensor and marketer of its portfolio of consumer electronics to companies that distribute consumer electronics and eyewear.

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Polymath

A polymath (πολυμαθής,, "having learned much,"The term was first recorded in written English in the early seventeenth century Latin: uomo universalis, "universal man") is a person whose expertise spans a significant number of different subject areas—such a person is known to draw on complex bodies of knowledge to solve specific problems.

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Portrait photography

Portrait photography or portraiture in photography is a photograph of a person or group of people that captures the personality of the subject by using effective lighting, backdrops, and poses.

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Positive (photography)

A positive is a film or paper record of a scene that represents the color and luminance of objects in that scene with the same colors and luminances (as near as the medium will allow).

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Potato starch

Potato starch is starch extracted from potatoes.

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Process camera

A process camera is a specialised form of camera used for mass reproduction of graphic materials.

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Raw image format

A camera raw image file contains minimally processed data from the image sensor of either a digital camera, image scanner, or motion picture film scanner.

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Real image

In optics, a real image is an image which is located in the plane of convergence for the light rays that originate from a given object.

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Rear Window

Rear Window is a 1954 American Technicolor mystery thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock and written by John Michael Hayes based on Cornell Woolrich's 1942 short story "It Had to Be Murder".

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Ren Ng

Yi-Ren Ng (born September 21, 1979) is the founder, executive chairman and former CEO of Lytro, a Mountain View, California-based startup company.

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Renaissance

The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.

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Reversal film

In photography, reversal film is a type of photographic film that produces a positive image on a transparent base.

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RGB color model

The RGB color model is an additive color model in which red, green and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors.

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Robert Cornelius

Robert Cornelius (March 1, 1809 – August 10, 1893) was an American pioneer of photography and a lamp manufacturer.

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Royal Observatory, Greenwich

The Royal Observatory, Greenwich (ROG; known as the Old Royal Observatory from 1957 to 1998, when the working Royal Greenwich Observatory, RGO, moved from Greenwich to Herstmonceux) is an observatory situated on a hill in Greenwich Park, overlooking the River Thames.

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Royal Society

The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.

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School of Names

The Logicians or School of Names was a school of Chinese philosophy that grew out of Mohism during the Warring States period in 479–221 BCE.

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Science of photography

The science of photography refers to the use of science, such as chemistry and physics, in all aspects of photography.

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Sensitometry

Sensitometry is the scientific study of light-sensitive materials, especially photographic film.

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Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky

Sergey Mikhaylovich Prokudin-Gorsky (Серге́й Миха́йлович Проку́дин-Го́рский,; – September 27, 1944) was a Russian chemist and photographer.

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Shen Kuo

Shen Kuo (1031–1095), courtesy name Cunzhong (存中) and pseudonym Mengqi (now usually given as Mengxi) Weng (夢溪翁),Yao (2003), 544.

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Silicon

Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14.

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Silver chloride

Silver chloride is a chemical compound with the chemical formula AgCl.

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Silver halide

A silver halide (or silver salt) is one of the chemical compounds that can form between the element silver and one of the halogens.

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Silver nitrate

Silver nitrate is an inorganic compound with chemical formula.

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Slide projector

A slide projector is an opto-mechanical device for showing photographic slides.

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Sodium chloride

Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.

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Sodium thiosulfate

Sodium thiosulfate (sodium thiosulphate) is a chemical and medication.

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Soft focus

In photography, soft focus is a lens flaw, in which the lens forms images that are blurred due to spherical aberration.

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Sony

is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.

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Sony Mavica

Mavica (Magnetic Video Camera) was a brand of Sony cameras which used removable disks as the main recording medium.

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Spectroscopy

Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.

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Still life photography

Still life photography is a genre of photography used for the depiction of inanimate subject matter, typically a small group of objects.

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Stock photography

Stock photography is the supply of photographs, which are often licensed for specific uses.

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Straight photography

Pure photography or straight photography refers to photography that attempts to depict a scene or subject in sharp focus and detail, in accordance with the qualities that distinguish photography from other visual media, particularly painting.

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Street photography

Street photography, also sometimes called candid photography, is photography conducted for art or enquiry that features unmediated chance encounters and random incidents within public places.

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Subtractive color

A subtractive color model explains the mixing of a limited set of dyes, inks, paint pigments or natural colorants to create a wider range of colors, each the result of partially or completely subtracting (that is, absorbing) some wavelengths of light and not others.

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Susan Sontag

Susan Sontag (January 16, 1933 – December 28, 2004) was an American writer, filmmaker, philosopher, teacher, and political activist.

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Thermographic camera

A thermographic camera (also called an infrared camera or thermal imaging camera) is a device that forms an image using infrared radiation, similar to a common camera that forms an image using visible light.

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Thomas Wedgwood (photographer)

Thomas Wedgwood (14 May 1771 – 10 July 1805), son of Josiah Wedgwood, the potter, is most widely known as an early experimenter in the field of photography.

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Tintype

A tintype, also known as a melainotype or ferrotype, is a photograph made by creating a direct positive on a thin sheet of metal coated with a dark lacquer or enamel and used as the support for the photographic emulsion.

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Ultraviolet photography

Ultraviolet photography is a photographic process of recording images by using light from the ultraviolet (UV) spectrum only.

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

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Victorian era

In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.

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View from the Window at Le Gras

View from the Window at Le Gras is a heliographic image and the oldest surviving camera photograph.

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Visible spectrum

The visible spectrum is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to the human eye.

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Wave interference

In physics, interference is a phenomenon in which two waves superpose to form a resultant wave of greater, lower, or the same amplitude.

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Wedding photography

Wedding photography is the photography of activities relating to weddings.

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Wildlife photography

Wildlife photography is a genre of photography concerned with documenting various forms of wildlife in their natural habitat.

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Wilhelm Homberg

Wilhelm Homberg (January 8, 1652 – September 24, 1715), also known as Guillaume Homberg in French, was a Dutch natural philosopher.

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Wootton bridge collapse

The Wootton bridge collapse occurred on 11 June 1861, when the rail bridge over the road between Leek Wootton and Hill Wootton in Warwickshire collapsed under the weight of a passing goods train on the line between Leamington Spa and Kenilworth owned by the London and North Western Railway Company.

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Work of art

A work of art, artwork, art piece, piece of art or art object is an aesthetic physical item or artistic creation.

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X-ray

X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.

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Xerography

Xerography or electrophotography is a dry photocopying technique.

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99 Cent II Diptychon

The artwork 99 Cent II Diptychon from 2001 is a two-part photograph made by Andreas Gursky probably in 1999, as the work is sometimes called "99 cent.1999".

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photography

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