127 relations: Alexander Mackenzie (explorer), Ambrose, American bison, American Philosophical Society, Andrew Ellicott, Appendicitis, Arctic Ocean, Astoria, Oregon, Astronomy, Beaver, Bella Coola, British Columbia, Benjamin Rush, Bitterroot Mountains, Blackfoot Confederacy, Botany, Cahokia people, Camp Chopunnish, Camp Dubois, Cape Disappointment State Park, Celilo Falls, Centennial Exposition, Ceremonial pipe, Charles Floyd (explorer), Clearwater River (Idaho), Climatology, Columbia Rediviva, Columbia River, Columbia River Gorge, Continental Divide of the Americas, Corps of Discovery, Crow Nation, Deer, Discovery doctrine, Elk, Ethnology, Falls of the Ohio National Wildlife Conservation Area, Federalist Party, Flint corn, Floyd's Bluff, Fort Clatsop, Fort Mandan, Gateway Arch National Park, General Thomas James, Geography, George Drouillard, Girandoni air rifle, Great Plains, Hidatsa, Hominy, Illinois Country, ..., Indian Peace Medal, Indiana Territory, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Iowa, James Cook, James Kendall Hosmer, James Wilkinson, Jean Baptiste Charbonneau, John Ledyard, Kansas City, Missouri, Kaskaskia, Keelboat, Lakota people, Lemhi Pass, Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition, Lewis and Clark Pass (Montana), Louisiana Purchase, Louisiana Purchase Exposition, Louisville, Kentucky, Mackenzie River, Mandan, Marias River, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, Meriwether Lewis, Meteorology, Mineralogy, Missouri Fur Company, Missouri River, Moncacht-Apé, Mount Hood, National Geographic Society, New Mexico, Nez Perce Pass, Nicholas Biddle (banker), Omaha people, Omaha, Nebraska, Ornithology, Pacific Ocean, Patrick Gass, Paul Allen (editor), Pedro Vial, Philadelphia, Pierre Antoine and Paul Mallet, Pike expedition, Platte River, Portland, Oregon, Red River Expedition (1806), René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, Robert Gray (sea captain), Rocky Mountains, Sacagawea, Santa Fe, New Mexico, Seaman (dog), Sheheke, Shoshone, Sioux, Sioux City, Iowa, Snake River, St. Charles, Missouri, St. Louis, Stratovolcano, The Far Horizons, Third voyage of James Cook, Thomas Jefferson, Toussaint Charbonneau, Trapping, University of Montana, Vancouver Expedition, Washburn, North Dakota, Washington, D.C., William Clark, William Robert Broughton, Wood River, Illinois, World Digital Library, Yellowstone River, York (explorer), Zoology. Expand index (77 more) » « Shrink index
Sir Alexander Mackenzie (or MacKenzie, Alasdair MacCoinnich; 1764 – 12 March 1820) was a Scottish explorer known for accomplishing the first east to west crossing of North America north of Mexico, which preceded the more famous Lewis and Clark Expedition by 12 years.
Aurelius Ambrosius (– 397), better known in English as Ambrose, was a bishop of Milan who became one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the 4th century.
The American bison or simply bison (Bison bison), also commonly known as the American buffalo or simply buffalo, is a North American species of bison that once roamed the grasslands of North America in massive herds.
The American Philosophical Society (APS), founded in 1743 and located in Philadelphia, is an eminent scholarly organization of international reputation that promotes useful knowledge in the sciences and humanities through excellence in scholarly research, professional meetings, publications, library resources, and community outreach.
Andrew Ellicott (January 24, 1754 – August 28, 1820) was a U.S. surveyor who helped map many of the territories west of the Appalachians, surveyed the boundaries of the District of Columbia, continued and completed Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant's work on the plan for Washington, D.C., and served as a teacher in survey methods for Meriwether Lewis.
Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix.
The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans.
Astoria is a port city and the seat of Clatsop County, Oregon, United States.
Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.
The beaver (genus Castor) is a large, primarily nocturnal, semiaquatic rodent.
Bella Coola is a community in the Bella Coola Valley, in British Columbia, Canada.
Benjamin Rush (– April 19, 1813) was a Founding Father of the United States.
The Northern and Central Bitterroot Range, collectively the Bitterroot Mountains (Salish: čkʷlkʷqin), is the largest portion of the Bitterroot Range, part of the Rocky Mountains, located in the panhandle of Idaho and westernmost Montana in the Western United States.
The Blackfoot Confederacy, Niitsitapi or Siksikaitsitapi (ᖹᐟᒧᐧᒣᑯ, meaning "the people" or "Blackfoot-speaking real people"Compare to Ojibwe: Anishinaabeg and Quinnipiac: Eansketambawg) is a historic collective name for the four bands that make up the Blackfoot or Blackfeet people: three First Nation band governments in the provinces of Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia, and one federally recognized Native American tribe in Montana, United States.
Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.
The Cahokia were an Algonquian-speaking Native American tribe and member of the Illinois Confederation.
Camp Chopunnish was the first major camp on the Lewis and Clark Expedition's return voyage.
Camp Dubois (English: Camp Wood), near present-day Wood River, Illinois, served as the winter camp and starting point for the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
Cape Disappointment State Park (formerly Fort Canby State Park) is a publicly owned recreation area located southwest of Ilwaco, Washington, on the bottom end of Long Beach Peninsula, the northern headlands where the Columbia River meets the Pacific Ocean.
Celilo Falls (Wyam, meaning "echo of falling water" or "sound of water upon the rocks," in several native languages) was a tribal fishing area on the Columbia River, just east of the Cascade Mountains, on what is today the border between the U.S. states of Oregon and Washington.
The Centennial International Exhibition of 1876, the first official World's Fair in the United States, was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from May 10 to November 10, 1876, to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia.
A ceremonial pipe is a particular type of smoking pipe, used by a number of Native American cultures in their sacred ceremonies.
Charles Floyd (1782 – August 20, 1804) was a United States explorer, a non-commissioned officer in the U.S. Army, and quartermaster in the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
The Clearwater River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Climatology (from Greek κλίμα, klima, "place, zone"; and -λογία, -logia) or climate science is the scientific study of climate, scientifically defined as weather conditions averaged over a period of time.
Columbia Rediviva (commonly known as Columbia) was a privately owned ship under the command of John Kendrick, along with Captain Robert Gray, best known for going to the Pacific Northwest for the maritime fur trade.
The Columbia River is the largest river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America.
The Columbia River Gorge is a canyon of the Columbia River in the Pacific Northwest of the United States.
The Continental Divide of the Americas (also known as the Great Divide, the Continental Gulf of Division, or merely the Continental Divide) is the principal, and largely mountainous, hydrological divide of the Americas.
The Corps of Discovery was a specially-established unit of the United States Army which formed the nucleus of the Lewis and Clark Expedition that took place between May 1804 and September 1806.
The Crow, called the Apsáalooke in their own Siouan language, or variants including the Absaroka, are Native Americans, who in historical times lived in the Yellowstone River valley, which extends from present-day Wyoming, through Montana and into North Dakota, where it joins the Missouri River.
Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.
The Discovery doctrine is a concept of public international law expounded by the United States Supreme Court in a series of decisions, most notably Johnson v. M'Intosh in 1823.
The elk or wapiti (Cervus canadensis) is one of the largest species within the deer family, Cervidae, in the world, and one of the largest land mammals in North America and Eastern Asia.
Ethnology (from the Greek ἔθνος, ethnos meaning "nation") is the branch of anthropology that compares and analyzes the characteristics of different peoples and the relationship between them (cf. cultural, social, or sociocultural anthropology).
The Falls of the Ohio National Wildlife Conservation Area is a national, bi-state area on the Ohio River near Louisville, Kentucky in the United States, administered by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
The Federalist Party, referred to as the Pro-Administration party until the 3rd United States Congress (as opposed to their opponents in the Anti-Administration party), was the first American political party.
Flint corn (Zea mays var. indurata; also known as Indian corn or sometimes calico corn) is a variant of maize, the same species as common corn.
Floyd's Bluff is a hill in southern Sioux City, Iowa that is named for Sergeant Charles Floyd.
Fort Clatsop was the encampment of the Lewis and Clark Expedition in the Oregon Country near the mouth of the Columbia River during the winter of 1805-1806.
Fort Mandan was the name of the encampment which the Lewis and Clark Expedition built for wintering over in 1804-1805.
The Gateway Arch National Park, formerly known as the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial until 2018, is an American national park located in St. Louis, Missouri, near the starting point of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
Thomas James (1782–1847) was a trapper and hunter who took part in the expedition with the Missouri Fur Company that was contracted by Meriwether Lewis to safeguard the Mandan Chief Shehaka back to his tribe up the Missouri River.
Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.
George Drouillard (1773–1810) was a civilian interpreter, scout, hunter, and cartographer, hired at the age of 30 for Lewis and Clark's Voyage of Discovery to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase in 1804–1806, in search of a water route to the Pacific Ocean.
The Girandoni air rifle was an airgun designed by Tyrolian inventor Bartholomäus Girandoni circa 1779.
The Great Plains (sometimes simply "the Plains") is the broad expanse of flat land (a plain), much of it covered in prairie, steppe, and grassland, that lies west of the Mississippi River tallgrass prairie in the United States and east of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. and Canada.
The Hidatsa are a Siouan people.
Hominy is a food produced from dried maize (corn in the U.S.) kernels that have been treated with an alkali, in a process called nixtamalization.
The Illinois Country (Pays des Illinois, lit. "land of the Illinois (plural)", i.e. the Illinois people) — sometimes referred to as Upper Louisiana (la Haute-Louisiane; Alta Luisiana) — was a vast region of New France in what is now the Midwestern United States.
Indian peace medals refer to ovular or circular medals awarded to tribal leaders throughout colonial America and early United States history, primarily made of silver or brass and ranging in diameter from about one to six inches.
The Territory of Indiana was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 4, 1800, until December 11, 1816, when the remaining southern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the state of Indiana.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
Iowa is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri and Big Sioux rivers to the west.
Captain James Cook (7 November 1728Old style date: 27 October14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy.
James Kendall Hosmer (born in Northfield, Massachusetts, 29 January 1834; died 11 May 1927) was a United States educator, historian and writer.
James Wilkinson (March 24, 1757 – December 28, 1825) was an American soldier and statesman, who was associated with several scandals and controversies.
Jean Baptiste Charbonneau (February 11, 1805 – May 16, 1866) was an American Indian-French Canadian explorer, guide, fur trapper trader, military scout during the Mexican-American War, alcalde (mayor) of Mission San Luis Rey de Francia and a gold prospector and hotel operator in Northern California.
John Ledyard (November 1751 – 10 January 1789) was an English explorer and adventurer.
Kansas City is the largest city in the U.S. state of Missouri.
The Kaskaskia were one of the indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands.
A keelboat is a riverine cargo-capable working boat, or a small- to mid-sized recreational sailing yacht.
The Lakota (pronounced, Lakota language: Lakȟóta) are a Native American tribe.
Lemhi Pass is a high mountain pass in the Beaverhead Mountains, part of the Bitterroot Range in the Rocky Mountains and within Salmon-Challis National Forest.
The Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition, commonly also known as the Lewis and Clark Exposition, and officially known as the Lewis and Clark Centennial and American Pacific Exposition and Oriental Fair, was a worldwide exposition held in Portland, Oregon, United States in 1905 to celebrate the centennial of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
Lewis and Clark Pass, el.
The Louisiana Purchase (Vente de la Louisiane "Sale of Louisiana") was the acquisition of the Louisiana territory (828,000 square miles or 2.14 million km²) by the United States from France in 1803.
The Louisiana Purchase Exposition, informally known as the St.
Louisville is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the 29th most-populous city in the United States.
The Mackenzie River (Slavey language: Deh-Cho, big river or Inuvialuktun: Kuukpak, great river; fleuve (de) Mackenzie) is the longest river system in Canada, and has the second largest drainage basin of any North American river after the Mississippi River.
The Mandan are a Native American tribe of the Great Plains who have lived for centuries primarily in what is now North Dakota.
The Marias River is a tributary of the Missouri River, approximately 210 mi (338 km) long, in the U.S. state of Montana.
The Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library is the campus library at the University of Montana in Missoula, Montana.
Meriwether Lewis (August 18, 1774 – October 11, 1809) was an American explorer, soldier, politician, and public administrator, best known for his role as the leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the Corps of Discovery, with William Clark.
Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences which includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics, with a major focus on weather forecasting.
Mineralogy is a subject of geology specializing in the scientific study of chemistry, crystal structure, and physical (including optical) properties of minerals and mineralized artifacts.
The Missouri Fur Company (also known as the St. Louis Missouri Fur Company or the Manuel Lisa Trading Company) was one of the earliest fur trading companies in St. Louis, Missouri.
The Missouri River is the longest river in North America.
Moncacht-Apé was a Native American explorer of the Yazoo tribe in the present-day Mississippi area; in the early 1700s he may have made the first recorded round trip transcontinental journey across North America.
Mount Hood, called Wy'east by the Multnomah tribe, is a potentially active stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc of northern Oregon.
The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.
New Mexico (Nuevo México, Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America.
Nez Perce Pass is a mountain pass in the Bitterroot Mountains on the border between the U.S. states of Idaho and Montana.
Nicholas Biddle (January 8, 1786 – February 27, 1844) was an American financier who served as the third and last president of the Second Bank of the United States (chartered 1816–1836).
The Omaha are a federally recognized Midwestern Native American tribe who reside on the Omaha Reservation in northeastern Nebraska and western Iowa, United States.
Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska and the county seat of Douglas County.
Ornithology is a branch of zoology that concerns the study of birds.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.
Patrick Gass (June 12, 1771 – April 2, 1870) served as sergeant in the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–1806).
Paul Allen (February 15, 1775 – August 18, 1826) was an American author and editor, and a graduate of Brown University.
Pedro Vial, or Pierre Vial, (c. 1746 in Lyon, France – October 1814 in Santa Fe, New Mexico), was a French explorer and frontiersman who lived among the Comanche and Wichita Indians for many years.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Pierre Antoine and Paul Mallet, brothers and French Canadian voyageurs, were the first Europeans known to have crossed the Great Plains from east to west.
The Pike Expedition (July 15, 1806 – July 1, 1807) was a military party sent out by President Thomas Jefferson and authorized by the United States government to explore the south and west of the recent Louisiana Purchase.
The Platte River is a major river in the state of Nebraska and is about long.
Portland is the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County.
The Red River Expedition, also known as the Freeman-Custis Expedition, Freeman Red River Expedition, Sparks Expedition, or officially as the Exploring Expedition of Red River in 1806, was one of the first civilian scientific expeditions to explore the Southwestern United States.
René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, or Robert de La Salle (November 22, 1643 – March 19, 1687) was a French explorer.
Robert Gray (May 10, 1755 – c. July, 1806) was an American merchant sea captain who is known for his achievements in connection with two trading voyages to the northern Pacific coast of North America, between 1790 and 1793, which pioneered the American maritime fur trade in that region.
The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range in western North America.
Sacagawea (also Sakakawea or Sacajawea; May 1788 – December 20, 1812) was a Lemhi Shoshone woman who is known for her help to the Lewis and Clark Expedition in achieving their chartered mission objectives by exploring the Louisiana Territory.
Santa Fe (or; Tewa: Ogha Po'oge, Yootó) is the capital of the U.S. state of New Mexico.
Seaman, a Newfoundland dog, became famous for being a member of the first American overland expedition from the Mississippi River to the Pacific coast and back.
Sheheke, Sheheke-shote, translated as White Coyote, and also known as Coyote or Big White (1766–1812), was a Mandan chief.
The Shoshone or Shoshoni are a Native American tribe with four large cultural/linguistic divisions.
The Sioux also known as Očhéthi Šakówiŋ, are groups of Native American tribes and First Nations peoples in North America.
Sioux City is a city in Woodbury and Plymouth counties in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Iowa.
The Snake River is a major river of the greater Pacific Northwest region in the United States.
Saint Charles is a city in, and the county seat of, Saint Charles County, Missouri, United States.
A stratovolcano, also known as a composite volcano, is a conical volcano built up by many layers (strata) of hardened lava, tephra, pumice and ash.
The Far Horizons is a 1955 American western film directed by Rudolph Maté, starring Fred MacMurray, Charlton Heston, Donna Reed and Barbara Hale.
James Cook's third and final voyage (12 July 1776 – 4 October 1780) took the route from Plymouth via Cape Town and Tenerife to New Zealand and the Hawaiian Islands, and along the North American coast to the Bering Strait.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.
Toussaint Charbonneau (March 20, 1767 – August 12, 1843) was a French Canadian explorer and trader, and a member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
Animal trapping, or simply trapping, is the use of a device to remotely catch an animal.
The University of Montana (often simply referred to as UM) is a public research university in Missoula, Montana, in the United States.
The Vancouver Expedition (1791–1795) was a four-and-a-half-year voyage of exploration and diplomacy, commanded by Captain George Vancouver of the Royal Navy.
Washburn is a city in McLean County, North Dakota, United States.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
William Clark (August 1, 1770 – September 1, 1838) was an American explorer, soldier, Indian agent, and territorial governor.
William Robert Broughton (22 March 176214 March 1821) was a British naval officer in the late 18th century.
Wood River is a city in Madison County, Illinois, United States.
The World Digital Library (WDL) is an international digital library operated by UNESCO and the United States Library of Congress.
The Yellowstone River is a tributary of the Missouri River, approximately long, in the western United States.
York (1770 – before 1832) was an African-American explorer best known for his participation with the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
Zoology or animal biology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.
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