122 relations: Accounting, Acqui-hiring, Addyston Pipe & Steel Co. v. United States, American Chicle Company, AOL, Asset, Audit, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, Bank, Bargaining, Board of directors, Boutique investment bank, Brand architecture, Brand awareness, British Journal of Management, Brokerage firm, Bucyrus-Erie, Bulge Bracket, Cartel, Caterpillar Inc., Chief executive officer, Company, Comparable transactions, Competition regulator, Consolidation (business), Continental Airlines, Control (management), Control premium, Corporate spin-off, Covenant (law), Cross-selling, Demerger, Discounted cash flow, Divestment, Due diligence, DuPont, East India Company, Economies of scale, Economies of scope, Empire-building, Employee benefits, Employee retention, Equity (finance), Euphemism, Exchange rate, Externality, Facebook, Factoring (finance), Fairness opinion, FromSoftware, ..., General Electric, Globalization, Going concern, Google, Gross domestic product, GTE, Hein Schreuder, Horizontal integration, Hudson's Bay Company, Information asymmetry, Initial public offering, Intellectual property, Internal Revenue Code, International Paper, John Wiley & Sons, Kadokawa Corporation, Lehman Brothers, Letter of intent, List of bank mergers in the United States, Management due diligence, Managerial hubris, Market share, Material adverse change, McGraw-Hill Education, Merger control, Merger simulation, Mergers and acquisitions, Mergers and acquisitions in United Kingdom law, Microsoft, Money market fund, Monopoly, North West Company, Panic of 1893, Patent, Paul Graham (programmer), Perverse incentive, Post-merger integration, Price fixing, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Privately held company, Purchasing, Recruitment, Relative valuation, Revenue, Reverse takeover, Second request, Sega Sammy Holdings, Shakeout, Shell corporation, Sherman Antitrust Act, Square Enix, Square Enix Europe, Stock, Stock exchange, Strategic management, Swap ratio, Synergy, Sytse Douma, Takeover, Tax, TMS Entertainment, Transformational acquisition, Trust (business), Twitter, U.S. Steel, United Airlines, Valuation (finance), Venture capital, Verizon Communications, Vertical integration, Yahoo!, YRC Worldwide. Expand index (72 more) » « Shrink index
Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations.
Acqui-hiring or Acq-hiring (a portmanteau of "acquisition" and "hiring") or talent acquisition, is the process of acquiring a company to recruit its employees, without necessarily showing an interest in its current products and services—or their continued operation.
Addyston Pipe and Steel Co.
The American Chicle Company was a chewing gum trust founded by Edward E. Beeman and Jonathan Primle.
AOL (formerly a company known as AOL Inc., originally known as America Online, and stylized as Aol.) is a web portal and online service provider based in New York.
In financial accounting, an asset is an economic resource.
An audit is a systematic and independent examination of books, accounts, statutory records, documents and vouchers of an organization to ascertain how far the financial statements as well as non-financial disclosures present a true and fair view of the concern.
Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena S.p.A., known as BMPS or just MPS, is an Italian bank.
A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.
Bargaining or haggling is a type of negotiation in which the buyer and seller of a good or service debate the price and exact nature of a transaction.
A board of directors is a recognized group of people who jointly oversee the activities of an organization, which can be either a for-profit business, nonprofit organization, or a government agency.
A boutique investment bank is a non-full service investment bank that specializes in at least one aspect of investment banking, generally corporate finance, although some banks are retail in nature, such as Charles Schwab.
Brand architecture is the structure of brands within an organizational entity.
Brand awareness refers to the extent to which customers are able to recall or recognise a brand.
The British Journal of Management is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal, which was established by David T. Otley in 1990, and is published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the British Academy of Management.
A brokerage firm, or simply brokerage, is a financial institution that facilitates the buying and selling of financial securities between a buyer and a seller.
Bucyrus-Erie was an American surface and underground mining equipment company.
The Bulge Bracket comprises the world's most systemically important multinational investment banks and their parent financial institutions.
A cartel is a group of apparently independent producers whose goal is to increase their collective profits by means of price fixing, limiting supply, or other restrictive practices.
Caterpillar Inc. is an American Fortune 100 corporation which designs, develops, engineers, manufactures, markets and sells machinery, engines, financial products and insurance to customers via a worldwide dealer network.
Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity made up of an association of people for carrying on a commercial or industrial enterprise.
Comparable transactions is one of the conventional methods to value a company for sale.
A competition regulator is a government agency, typically a statutory authority, sometimes called an economic regulator, which regulates and enforces competition laws, and may sometimes also enforce consumer protection laws.
In business, consolidation or amalgamation is the merger and acquisition of many smaller companies into a few much larger ones.
Continental Airlines was a major United States airline founded in 1934 and eventually headquartered in Houston, Texas.
Control, or controlling, is one of the managerial functions like planning, organizing, staffing and directing.
A control premium is an amount that a buyer is sometimes willing to pay over the current market price of a publicly traded company in order to acquire a controlling share in that company.
A corporate spin-off, also known as a spin-out, or starburst, is a type of corporate action where a company "splits off" a section as a separate business.
A covenant in its most general sense and historical sense, is a solemn promise to engage in or refrain from a specified action.
Cross-selling is the action or practice of selling an additional product or service to an existing customer.
A demerger is a form of corporate restructuring in which the entity's business operations are segregated into one or more components.
In finance, discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis is a method of valuing a project, company, or asset using the concepts of the time value of money.
In finance and economics, divestment or divestiture is the reduction of some kind of asset for financial, ethical, or political objectives or sale of an existing business by a firm.
Due diligence is an investigation of a business or person prior to signing a contract, or an act with a certain standard of care.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
In microeconomics, economies of scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to their scale of operation (typically measured by amount of output produced), with cost per unit of output decreasing with increasing scale.
Economies of scope are "efficiencies formed by variety, not volume" (the latter concept is "economies of scale").
Empire-building is the practice of attempting to obtain greater power and authority within an organization for the purposes of self-aggrandizement, particularly by having extra staff or subordinates.
Employee benefits and (especially in British English) benefits in kind (also called fringe benefits, perquisites, or perks) include various types of non-wage compensation provided to employees in addition to their normal wages or salaries.
Employee retention refers to the ability of an organization to retain its employees.
In accounting, equity (or owner's equity) is the difference between the value of the assets and the value of the liabilities of something owned.
A euphemism is a generally innocuous word or expression used in place of one that may be found offensive or suggest something unpleasant.
In finance, an exchange rate is the rate at which one currency will be exchanged for another.
In economics, an externality is the cost or benefit that affects a party who did not choose to incur that cost or benefit.
Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.
Factoring is a financial transaction and a type of debtor finance in which a business sells its accounts receivable (i.e., invoices) to a third party (called a factor) at a discount.
A fairness opinion is a professional evaluation by an investment bank or other third party as to whether the terms of a merger, acquisition, buyback, spin-off, or privatization are fair.
FromSoftware, Inc. is a Japanese video game development company founded in November 1986.
General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
Continuation of an entity as a going concern is presumed as the basis for financial reporting unless and until the entity’s liquidation becomes imminent.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
GTE Corporation, formerly General Telephone & Electronics Corporation (1955–1982), was the largest independent telephone company in the United States during the days of the Bell System.
Hein Schreuder (born December 24, 1951) is a Dutch economist and business executive, former Executive Vice-President Corporate Strategy & Acquisitions at DSM and former Professor at the University of Maastricht.
Horizontal integration is the process of a company increasing production of goods or services at the same part of the supply chain.
The Hudson's Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson) is a Canadian retail business group.
In contract theory and economics, information asymmetry deals with the study of decisions in transactions where one party has more or better information than the other.
Initial public offering (IPO) or stock market launch is a type of public offering in which shares of a company are sold to institutional investors and usually also retail (individual) investors; an IPO is underwritten by one or more investment banks, who also arrange for the shares to be listed on one or more stock exchanges.
Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.
The Internal Revenue Code (IRC), formally the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, is the domestic portion of federal statutory tax law in the United States, published in various volumes of the United States Statutes at Large, and separately as Title 26 of the United States Code (USC).
The International Paper Company is an American pulp and paper company, the largest such company in the world.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
is a subsidiary of Kadokawa Dwango Corporation, and is the parent company of the Kadokawa Group companies, which brings together several affiliated companies related to Kadokawa Shoten.
Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. (former NYSE ticker symbol LEH) was a global financial services firm.
A letter of intent (LOI or LoI, and sometimes capitalized as Letter of Intent in legal writing, but only when referring to a specific document under discussion) is a document outlining one or more agreements between two or more parties before the agreements are finalized.
This is a partial list of major banking company mergers in the United States.
Management due diligence is the process of appraising a company's senior management—evaluating each individual's effectiveness in contributing to the organization's strategic objectives.
Managerial hubris is the unrealistic belief held by managers in bidding firms that they can manage the assets of a target firm more efficiently than the target firm's current management.
Market share is the percentage of a market (defined in terms of either units or revenue) accounted for by a specific entity.
A material adverse change (also called a MAC) - also formulated as an Material adverse event or Material adverse effect (either, a MAE) - contingency is a legal provision often found in mergers and acquisitions contracts and venture financing agreements that enables the acquirer (or funder) to refuse to complete the acquisition or merger or financing with the party being acquired (often termed, the "target") if the target suffers such a change.
McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.
Merger control refers to the procedure of reviewing mergers, acquisitions under antitrust / competition law.
Merger simulation is a commonly used technique when analyzing potential welfare costs and benefits of mergers between firms.
Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are transactions in which the ownership of companies, other business organizations, or their operating units are transferred or consolidated with other entities.
Mergers and acquisitions in United Kingdom law refers to a body of law that covers companies, labour, and competition, which is engaged when firms restructure their affairs in the course of business.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
A money market fund (also called a money market mutual fund) is an open-ended mutual fund that invests in short-term debt securities such as US Treasury bills and commercial paper.
A monopoly (from Greek μόνος mónos and πωλεῖν pōleîn) exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The North West Company was a fur trading business headquartered in Montreal from 1779 to 1821.
The Panic of 1893 was a serious economic depression in the United States that began in 1893 and ended in 1897.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
Paul Graham (born 13 November 1964) is an English born computer scientist, entrepreneur, venture capitalist, author, and essayist.
A perverse incentive is an incentive that has an unintended and undesirable result which is contrary to the interests of the incentive makers.
Post-merger integration or PMI is a complex process of combining and rearranging businesses to materialize potential efficiencies and synergies that usually motivate mergers and acquisitions.
Price fixing is an agreement between participants on the same side in a market to buy or sell a product, service, or commodity only at a fixed price, or maintain the market conditions such that the price is maintained at a given level by controlling supply and demand.
PricewaterhouseCoopers (doing business as PwC) is a multinational professional services network headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately.
Purchasing refers to a business or organization attempting to acquire goods or services to accomplish its goals.
Recruitment (hiring) refers to the overall process of attracting, shortlisting, selecting and appointing suitable candidates for jobs (either permanent or temporary) within an organization.
Relative valuation also called valuation using multiples is the notion of comparing the price of an asset to the market value of similar assets.
In accounting, revenue is the income that a business has from its normal business activities, usually from the sale of goods and services to customers.
A reverse takeover or reverse merger takeover (reverse IPO) is the acquisition of a public company by a private company so that the private company can bypass the lengthy and complex process of going public.
In United States antitrust law, a second request is a discovery procedure by which the Federal Trade Commission and the Antitrust Division of the Justice Department investigate mergers and acquisitions which may have anticompetitive consequences.
is a Japanese consolidated holding company formed from the merger of Sega and Sammy in 2004.
Shakeout is a term used in business and economics to describe the consolidation of an industry or sector, in which businesses are eliminated or acquired through competition.
A shell company is a company that exists only on paper and has no office and no employees, but may have a bank account or may hold passive investments or be the registered owner of assets, such as intellectual property, or ships.
The Sherman Antitrust Act (Sherman Act) is a landmark federal statute in the history of United States antitrust law (or "competition law") passed by Congress in 1890 under the presidency of Benjamin Harrison.
Square Enix Holdings Co., Ltd. is a Japanese video game developer, publisher, and distribution company that is best known for its Final Fantasy, Dragon Quest, and Kingdom Hearts role-playing video game franchises, among numerous others.
Square Enix Limited (formerly Domark Limited and Eidos Interactive Limited), doing business as Square Enix Europe, is a British video game publisher, acting as the European subsidiary of Square Enix.
The stock (also capital stock) of a corporation is constituted of the equity stock of its owners.
A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.
In the field of management, strategic management involves the formulation and implementation of the major goals and initiatives taken by an organization's top management on behalf of owners, based on consideration of resources and an assessment of the internal and external environments in which the organization operates.
In finance, a swap ratio is an exchange rate of the shares of the companies that would undergo a merger.
Synergy is the creation of a whole that is greater than the simple sum of its parts.
Sytse Wybren Douma (born 1942) is a Dutch organizational theorist, consultant and Emeritus Professor at the Tilburg School of Economics and Management of the Tilburg University, known for his work with Hein Schreuder on "Economic approaches to organizations".
In business, a takeover is the purchase of one company (the target) by another (the acquirer, or bidder).
A tax (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or other legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures.
, formerly known as, also known as Tokyo Movie or TMS-Kyokuchi, is a Japanese animation studio founded in 1964.
Transformational acquisition is an acquisition of a company or a division of it with the aim to jointly establish a new business model or to enrich the offer for its customers by different expertise and new solutions.
A trust or corporate trust is a large grouping of business interests with significant market power, which may be embodied as a corporation or as a group of corporations that cooperate with one another in various ways.
Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".
United States Steel Corporation, more commonly known as U.S. Steel, is an American integrated steel producer headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, with production operations in the United States, Canada, and Central Europe.
United Airlines, Inc., commonly referred to as United, is a major United States airline headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
In finance, valuation is the process of determining the present value (PV) of an asset.
Venture capital (VC) is a type of private equity, a form of financing that is provided by firms or funds to small, early-stage, emerging firms that are deemed to have high growth potential, or which have demonstrated high growth (in terms of number of employees, annual revenue, or both).
Verizon Communications Inc., or simply Verizon, is an American multinational telecommunications conglomerate and a corporate component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
In microeconomics and management, vertical integration is an arrangement in which the supply chain of a company is owned by that company.
Yahoo! is a web services provider headquartered in Sunnyvale, California and wholly owned by Verizon Communications through Oath Inc..
YRC Worldwide Inc. is an American holding company of freight shipping brands YRC Freight, YRC Reimer, New Penn, Holland and Reddaway.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
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