100 relations: Adolf Hitler, Airco DH.2, Armentières, Aubers, Australia in the Korean War, Australian Memorial Park, Australian War Memorial, Battalion, Battle of Aubers Ridge, Battle of Bazentin Ridge, Battle of Loos, Battle of Neuve Chapelle, Battle of the Somme, Bois-Grenier, Breastwork (fortification), British Expeditionary Force (World War I), Burial, Casualty (person), Colin John Mackenzie, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Communes of France, Corporal, Departments of France, DNA, Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Erich von Falkenhayn, Excavation (archaeology), First Army (United Kingdom), First Australian Imperial Force, Fokker E.I, Fourth Army (United Kingdom), France, Fromelles, Fromelles (Pheasant Wood) Military Cemetery, Geophysical survey (archaeology), German General Staff, Herbert Plumer, 1st Viscount Plumer, Infiltration tactics, James Whiteside McCay, Laventie, Lille, List of mountains named Sugarloaf, Mass grave, Military history of Australia during the Vietnam War, Narrow-gauge railway, No man's land, No. 10 Squadron RAF, No. 16 Squadron RAF, Nord (French department), Nord-Pas-de-Calais, ..., Oberste Heeresleitung, Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918, Order of Australia, Oxford Archaeology, Pas-de-Calais, Peter Barton (historian), Richard Haking, Royal Flying Corps, Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria, Salient (military), Sally port, Sapping, Second Army (United Kingdom), Second Boer War, Shrapnel shell, Sir Charles Monro, 1st Baronet, Tony Pollard, Trench railways, Trench warfare, V.C. Corner Australian Cemetery and Memorial, Western Front (World War I), World War I, XI Corps (United Kingdom), .303 British, 14th Brigade (Australia), 15th Brigade (Australia), 182nd (2nd Warwickshire) Brigade, 183rd (2nd Gloucester and Worcester) Brigade, 184th (2nd South Midland) Brigade, 20th (Light) Division, 31st Battalion, Royal Queensland Regiment, 31st Division (United Kingdom), 32nd Battalion (Australia), 39th Division (United Kingdom), 48th (South Midland) Division, 4th Division (Australia), 50th Reserve Division (German Empire), 53rd Battalion (Australia), 54th Battalion (Australia), 54th Reserve Division (German Empire), 55th Battalion (Australia), 58th Battalion (Australia), 59th Battalion (Australia), 5th Division (Australia), 60th Battalion (Australia), 61st (2nd South Midland) Division, 6th Army (German Empire), 6th Bavarian Reserve Division, 8th Brigade (Australia). Expand index (50 more) » « Shrink index
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
The Airco DH.2 was a single-seat biplane "pusher" aircraft which operated as a fighter during the First World War.
Armentières (Armentiers) is a commune in the Nord department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
Aubers is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The military history of Australia during the Korean War was very eventful.
The Australian Memorial Park is a World War I memorial, located near Fromelles, France commemorating Australians killed during the Battle of Fromelles.
The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial to the members of its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in wars involving the Commonwealth of Australia.
A battalion is a military unit.
The Battle of Aubers Ridge was a British offensive on the Western Front on 9 May 1915 during World War I. The battle was part of the British contribution to the Second Battle of Artois, a Franco-British offensive intended to exploit the German diversion of troops to the Eastern Front.
The Battle of Bazentin Ridge was part of the Battle of the Somme on the Western Front in France, during the First World War.
The Battle of Loos was a battle that took place from 1915 in France on the Western Front, during the First World War.
The Battle of Neuve Chapelle (10–13 March 1915) took place in the First World War.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
Bois-Grenier is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
A breastwork is a temporary fortification, often an earthwork thrown up to breast height to provide protection to defenders firing over it from a standing position.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
Burial or interment is the ritual act of placing a dead person or animal, sometimes with objects, into the ground.
A casualty in military usage is a person in military service, combatant or non-combatant, who becomes unavailable for duty due to several circumstances, including death, injury, illness, capture or desertion.
Major-General Sir Colin John Mackenzie, KCB (26 November 1861 – 7 July 1956) was a British soldier and Chief of the General Staff, the head of the Canadian Army, from 1910 until 1913.
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) is an intergovernmental organisation of six independent member states whose principal function is to mark, record and maintain the graves and places of commemoration of Commonwealth of Nations military service members who died in the two World Wars.
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.
Corporal is a military rank in use in some form by many militaries and by some police forces or other uniformed organizations.
In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, (19 June 1861 – 29 January 1928), was a senior officer of the British Army.
General Erich Georg Anton von Falkenhayn (11 September 1861 – 8 April 1922) was the Chief of the German General Staff during the First World War from September 1914 until 29 August 1916.
In archaeology, excavation is the exposure, processing and recording of archaeological remains.
The First Army was a formation of the British Army that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
The First Australian Imperial Force (1st AIF) was the main expeditionary force of the Australian Army during World War I. It was formed on 15 August 1914, following Britain's declaration of war on Germany, initially with a strength of one infantry division and one light horse brigade.
The Fokker E.I was the first fighter aircraft to enter service with the ''Deutsches Heer'''s ''Fliegertruppe'' air service in World War I. Its arrival at the front in mid-1915 marked the start of a period known as the "Fokker Scourge" during which the E.I and its successors achieved a measure of air superiority over the Western Front.
The Fourth Army was a field army that formed part of the British Expeditionary Force during the First World War.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Fromelles is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Fromelles (Pheasant Wood) Military Cemetery is a First World War cemetery built by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission on the outskirts of Fromelles in northern France, near the Belgian border.
In archaeology, geophysical survey is ground-based physical sensing techniques used for archaeological imaging or mapping.
The German General Staff, originally the Prussian General Staff and officially Great General Staff (Großer Generalstab), was a full-time body at the head of the Prussian Army and later, the German Army, responsible for the continuous study of all aspects of war, and for drawing up and reviewing plans for mobilization or campaign.
Field Marshal Herbert Charles Onslow Plumer, 1st Viscount Plumer, (13 March 1857 – 16 July 1932) was a senior British Army officer of the First World War.
In warfare, infiltration tactics involve small independent light infantry forces advancing into enemy rear areas, bypassing enemy front-line strongpoints, possibly isolating them for attack by follow-up troops with heavier weapons.
Lieutenant General Sir James Whiteside McCay, (21 December 1864 – 1 October 1930), who often spelt his surname M’Cay, was an Australian general and politician.
Laventie is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
The name Sugarloaf or Sugar Loaf applies to numerous raised topographic landforms worldwide: mountains, hills, peaks, summits, buttes, ridges, rock formations, bornhardt, inselberg, etc.
A mass grave is a grave containing multiple human corpses, which may or may not be identified prior to burial.
Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War began with a small commitment of 30 military advisors in 1962, and increased over the following decade to a peak of 7,672 Australian personnel following the Menzies Government's April 1965 decision to upgrade its military commitment to South Vietnam's security.
A narrow-gauge railway (narrow-gauge railroad in the US) is a railway with a track gauge narrower than the standard.
No man's land is land that is unoccupied or is under dispute between parties who leave it unoccupied due to fear or uncertainty.
Nord (North; Noorderdepartement) is a department in the far north of France.
Nord-Pas-de-Calais (is a former administrative region of France. Since 1 January 2016, it is part of the new region Hauts-de-France. It consisted of the departments of Nord and Pas-de-Calais. Nord-Pas-de-Calais borders the English Channel (west), the North Sea (northwest), Belgium (north and east) and Picardy (south). The majority of the region was once part of the historical (Southern) Netherlands, but gradually became part of France between 1477 and 1678, particularly during the reign of king Louis XIV. The historical French provinces that preceded Nord-Pas-de-Calais are Artois, French Flanders, French Hainaut and (partially) Picardy. These provincial designations are still frequently used by the inhabitants. With its 330.8 people per km2 on just over 12,414 km2, it is a densely populated region, having some 4.1 million inhabitants, 7% of France's total population, making it the fourth most populous region in the country, 83% of whom live in urban communities. Its administrative centre and largest city is Lille. The second largest city is Calais, which serves as a major continental economic/transportation hub with Dover of Great Britain away; this makes Nord-Pas-de-Calais the closest continental European connection to the Great Britain. Other major towns include Valenciennes, Lens, Douai, Béthune, Dunkirk, Maubeuge, Boulogne, Arras, Cambrai and Saint-Omer. Numerous films, like Bienvenue chez les Ch'tis.
The Oberste Heeresleitung (Supreme Army Command or OHL) was the highest echelon of command of the army (Heer) of the German Empire.
The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918 is a 12-volume series covering Australian involvement in the First World War.
The Order of Australia is an order of chivalry established on 14 February 1975 by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, to recognise Australian citizens and other persons for achievement or meritorious service.
Oxford Archaeology (OA, trading name of Oxford Archaeology Limited) is one of the largest and longest-established independent archaeology and heritage practices in Europe, operating from three permanent offices in Oxford, Lancaster and Cambridge, and working across the UK.
Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders ('pas' meaning passage).
Peter Arthur Barton (born 28 March 1955) is a British military historian, author and filmmaker specialising in trench warfare during World War I. He has published extensively on military mining and aspects of battlefield archaeology on the Western Front, and led archaeological excavations that have been featured in several Time Team episodes.
General Sir Richard Cyril Byrne Haking (24 January 1862 – 9 June 1945) was a British general who commanded XI Corps in the First World War.
The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.
The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers is an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queen's Division.
Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria (Rupprecht Maria Luitpold Ferdinand; 18 May 1869 – 2 August 1955) was the last heir apparent to the Bavarian throne.
A salient, also known as a bulge, is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory.
A sally port is a secure, controlled entryway to a fortification or prison.
Sapping is a term used in siege operations to describe any trench excavated near an attacked, defended fortification, under defensive small arms or artillery fire.
The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
Shrapnel shells were anti-personnel artillery munitions which carried a large number of individual bullets close to the target and then ejected them to allow them to continue along the shell's trajectory and strike the target individually.
General Sir Charles Carmichael Monro, 1st Baronet, (15 June 1860 – 7 December 1929) was a senior British Army officer who served during the Second Boer War and the First World War and became Commander-in-Chief, India for the latter part of the conflict.
Tony Pollard is an archaeologist specialising in the archaeology of conflict.
Trench railways represented military adaptation of early 20th century railway technology to the problem of keeping soldiers supplied during the static trench warfare phase of World War I. The large concentrations of soldiers and artillery at the front lines required delivery of enormous quantities of food, ammunition and fortification construction materials where transport facilities had been destroyed.
Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
The V.C. Corner Australian Cemetery and Memorial is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission World War I cemetery and memorial.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
XI Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army, active during the Great War that served on the Western Front and in Italy.
The.303 British (designated as the 303 British by the C.I.P. and SAAMI) or 7.7×56mmR, is a calibre (with the bore diameter measured between the lands as is common practice in Europe) rimmed rifle cartridge first developed in Britain as a black-powder round put into service in December 1888 for the Lee–Metford rifle.
The 14th Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Australian Army.
The 15th Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Australian Army.
The 182nd (2/1st Warwickshire) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in World War I with the 61st (2nd South Midland) Division and remained in the United Kingdom throughout World War II, serving with the 61st Infantry Division.
The 183rd (2nd Gloucester and Worcester) Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army.
The 184th (2nd South Midland) Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army raise for service in both World War I and World War II.
The 20th (Light) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, part of Kitchener's Army, raised in the First World War.
The 31st Battalion, Royal Queensland Regiment (31 RQR) was a Reserve infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 31st Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 32nd Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 39th Division was an infantry division of the British Army, raised during World War I. The division was part of Kitchener's New Armies and saw service on the Western Front and in Italy from 1916 onwards.
The 48th (South Midland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The Australian 4th Division was formed in the First World War during the expansion of the Australian Imperial Force infantry brigades in February 1916.
The 50th Reserve Division (50. Reserve-Division) was a formation of the Imperial German Army in World War I. The division was formed in September 1914 and organized over the next month, arriving in the line in October.
The 53rd Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 54th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 54th Reserve Division (54. Reserve-Division) was a unit of the Imperial German Army in World War I. The division was formed in September 1914 and organized over the next month, arriving in the line in October.
The 55th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 58th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 59th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 5th Division was an infantry division of the Australian Army which served during the First and Second World Wars.
The 60th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 61st (2nd South Midland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised in 1915 during the Great War as a second-line reserve for the first-line battalions of the 48th (South Midland) Division.
The 6th Army (6.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the IV Army Inspectorate.
The 6th Bavarian Reserve Division (6. Bayerische Reserve-Division) was a unit of the Royal Bavarian Army, part of the German Army, in World War I. The division was formed on 10 September 1914 and organized over the next month.
8th Brigade is an Australian Army Reserve training formation.