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I. A. Richards

Index I. A. Richards

Ivor Armstrong Richards (26 February 1893 – 7 September 1979), known as I. A. Richards, was an English educator, literary critic, and rhetorician whose work contributed to the foundations of the New Criticism, a formalist movement in literary theory, which emphasized the close reading of a literary text, especially poetry, in an effort to discover how a work of literature functions as a self-contained, self-referential æsthetic object. [1]

76 relations: Aesthetic interpretation, Aesthetics, Allen Tate, Allusion, Ambiguity, Argument, Author, Barbara Leonard Reynolds, Basic English, Belief, Bronisław Malinowski, Cambridge, Charles Kay Ogden, Cheshire, Cleanth Brooks, Clifton College, Close reading, Critical theory, Cybernetics, Discipline (academia), Discourse, Dorothy Pilley Richards, Empirical research, F. R. Leavis, Feedforward, Behavioral and Cognitive Science, Ferdinand de Saussure, Formalism (literature), Francis Graham Crookshank, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Hermeneutics, Impressionism (literature), Intellectualism, International auxiliary language, John Crowe Ransom, John Percival Postgate, Kathleen Raine, Linda Flower, Linguistics, Literary criticism, Literary theory, M. H. Abrams, Macy conferences, Magdalene College, Cambridge, Marshall McLuhan, Metaphor, Mountaineering, Mumbai, Murray Krieger, New Criticism, Oxford English Dictionary, ..., Pedagogy, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, R. P. Blackmur, Reading (process), Rhetoric, Rhythm, Ronald Crane, Sandbach, Semiotics, Seven Types of Ambiguity, Substantial form, Television, The Meaning of Meaning, Tone (literature), Triangle of reference, Tsinghua University, Umberto Eco, University of Cambridge, Value (ethics), Value (semiotics), William Empson, William K. Wimsatt, Working memory, Writing process. Expand index (26 more) »

Aesthetic interpretation

An interpretation in philosophy of art, is an explanation of the meaning of some work of art.

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Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.

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Allen Tate

John Orley Allen Tate (November 19, 1899 – February 9, 1979), known professionally as Allen Tate, was an American poet, essayist, social commentator, and Poet Laureate from 1943 to 1944.

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Allusion is a figure of speech, in which one refers covertly or indirectly to an object or circumstance from an external context.

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Ambiguity is a type of meaning in which several interpretations are plausible.

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In logic and philosophy, an argument is a series of statements typically used to persuade someone of something or to present reasons for accepting a conclusion.

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An author is the creator or originator of any written work such as a book or play, and is thus also a writer.

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Barbara Leonard Reynolds

Barbara Leonard Reynolds (Milwaukee, Wisconsin, June 12, 1915 – February 11, 1990), was an American author who became a Quaker, peace activist and educator.

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Basic English

Basic English is an English-based controlled language created by linguist and philosopher Charles Kay Ogden as an international auxiliary language, and as an aid for teaching English as a second language.

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Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty.

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Bronisław Malinowski

Bronisław Kasper Malinowski (7 April 1884 – 16 May 1942) was a Polish-British anthropologist, often considered one of the most important 20th-century anthropologists.

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Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.

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Charles Kay Ogden

Charles Kay Ogden (1 June 1889 – 20 March 1957) was an English linguist, philosopher, and writer.

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Cheshire (archaically the County Palatine of Chester) is a county in North West England, bordering Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south and Flintshire, Wales and Wrexham county borough to the west.

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Cleanth Brooks

Cleanth Brooks (October 16, 1906 – May 10, 1994) was an American literary critic and professor.

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Clifton College

Clifton College is a co-educational independent school in the suburb of Clifton in the city of Bristol in South West England, founded in 1862.

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Close reading

In literary criticism, close reading is the careful, sustained interpretation of a brief passage of a text.

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Critical theory

Critical theory is a school of thought that stresses the reflective assessment and critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social sciences and the humanities.

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Cybernetics is a transdisciplinary approach for exploring regulatory systems—their structures, constraints, and possibilities.

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Discipline (academia)

An academic discipline or academic field is a branch of knowledge.

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Discourse (from Latin discursus, "running to and from") denotes written and spoken communications.

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Dorothy Pilley Richards

Dorothy Pilley Richards (16 September 1894 in Camberwell, London – 24 September 1986 in Cambridge) was a prominent female mountaineer.

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Empirical research

Empirical research is research using empirical evidence.

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F. R. Leavis

Frank Raymond "F.

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Feedforward, Behavioral and Cognitive Science

Feedforward, Behavior and Cognitive Science is a method of teaching and learning that illustrates or indicates a desired future behavior or path to a goal.

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Ferdinand de Saussure

Ferdinand de Saussure (26 November 1857 – 22 February 1913) was a Swiss linguist and semiotician.

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Formalism (literature)

Formalism is a school of literary criticism and literary theory having mainly to do with structural purposes of a particular text.

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Francis Graham Crookshank

Francis Graham Crookshank (1873, Wimbledon – 27 October 1933, Wimpole Street, London) was a British epidemiologist, and a medical and psychological writer, and Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians.

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Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (February 27, 1807 – March 24, 1882) was an American poet and educator whose works include "Paul Revere's Ride", The Song of Hiawatha, and Evangeline.

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Hermeneutics is the theory and methodology of interpretation, especially the interpretation of biblical texts, wisdom literature, and philosophical texts.

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Impressionism (literature)

Influenced by the European Impressionist art movement, many writers adopted a style that relied on associations.

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Intellectualism denotes the use, development, and exercise of the intellect; the practice of being an intellectual; and the Life of the Mind.

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International auxiliary language

An international auxiliary language (sometimes abbreviated as IAL or auxlang) or interlanguage is a language meant for communication between people from different nations who do not share a common first language.

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John Crowe Ransom

John Crowe Ransom (April 30, 1888 – July 3, 1974) was an American educator, scholar, literary critic, poet, essayist and editor.

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John Percival Postgate

John Percival Postgate, FBA (24 October 1853 – 15 July 1926) was an English classicist, professor of Latin at the University of Liverpool from 1909 to 1920.

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Kathleen Raine

Kathleen Jessie Raine CBE (14 June 1908 – 6 July 2003) was a British poet, critic and scholar, writing in particular on William Blake, W. B. Yeats and Thomas Taylor.

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Linda Flower

Linda Flower (born March 3, 1944, in Wichita) is a composition theorist.

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Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.

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Literary criticism

Literary criticism (or literary studies) is the study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature.

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Literary theory

Literary theory in a strict sense is the systematic study of the nature of literature and of the methods for analyzing literature.

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M. H. Abrams

Meyer Howard "Mike" Abrams (July 23, 1912 – April 21, 2015), usually cited as M. H. Abrams, was an American literary critic, known for works on romanticism, in particular his book The Mirror and the Lamp.

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Macy conferences

The Macy Conferences were a set of meetings of scholars from various disciplines held in New York under the direction of Frank Fremont-Smith at the Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation starting in 1941 and ending in 1960.

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Magdalene College, Cambridge

Magdalene College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge.

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Marshall McLuhan

Herbert Marshall McLuhan (July 21, 1911December 31, 1980) was a Canadian professor, philosopher, and public intellectual.

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A metaphor is a figure of speech that directly refers to one thing by mentioning another for rhetorical effect.

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Mountaineering is the sport of mountain climbing.

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Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

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Murray Krieger

Murray Krieger (November 27, 1923 – August 5, 2000) was an American literary critic and theorist.

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New Criticism

New Criticism was a formalist movement in literary theory that dominated American literary criticism in the middle decades of the 20th century.

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Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.

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Pedagogy is the discipline that deals with the theory and practice of teaching and how these influence student learning.

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Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.

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Poetry (the term derives from a variant of the Greek term, poiesis, "making") is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.

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Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.

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R. P. Blackmur

Richard Palmer Blackmur (January 21, 1904 – February 2, 1965) was an American literary critic and poet.

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Reading (process)

Reading is a complex "cognitive process" of decoding symbols in order to construct or derive meaning (reading comprehension).

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Rhetoric is the art of discourse, wherein a writer or speaker strives to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations.

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Rhythm (from Greek ῥυθμός, rhythmos, "any regular recurring motion, symmetry") generally means a "movement marked by the regulated succession of strong and weak elements, or of opposite or different conditions".

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Ronald Crane

Ronald Salmon Crane (January 5, 1886 – July 12, 1967) was a literary critic, historian, bibliographer, and professor.

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Sandbach (pronounced) is a market town and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.

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Semiotics (also called semiotic studies) is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.

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Seven Types of Ambiguity

Seven Types of Ambiguity is a work of literary criticism by William Empson which was first published in 1930.

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Substantial form

A theory of substantial forms asserts that forms (or ideas) organize matter and make it intelligible.

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Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.

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The Meaning of Meaning

The Meaning of Meaning: A Study of the Influence of Language upon Thought and of the Science of Symbolism (1923) is a book by C. K. Ogden and I. A. Richards.

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Tone (literature)

In literature, the tone of a literary work is the effect that the writer creates on the readers through choice of writing style.

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Triangle of reference

The triangle of reference (also known as the triangle of meaning and the semiotic triangle) is a model of how linguistic symbols are related to the objects they represent.

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Tsinghua University

Tsinghua University (abbreviated THU;; also romanized as Qinghua) is a major research university in Beijing, China and a member of the elite C9 League of Chinese universities.

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Umberto Eco

Umberto Eco (5 January 1932 – 19 February 2016) was an Italian novelist, literary critic, philosopher, semiotician, and university professor.

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University of Cambridge

The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.

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Value (ethics)

In ethics, value denotes the degree of importance of some thing or action, with the aim of determining what actions are best to do or what way is best to live (normative ethics), or to describe the significance of different actions.

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Value (semiotics)

In semiotics, the value of a sign depends on its position and relations in the system of signification and upon the particular codes being used.

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William Empson

Sir William Empson (27 September 1906 – 15 April 1984) was an English literary critic and poet, widely influential for his practice of closely reading literary works, a practice fundamental to New Criticism.

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William K. Wimsatt

William Kurtz Wimsatt Jr. (November 17, 1907 – December 17, 1975) was an American professor of English, literary theorist, and critic.

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Working memory

Working memory is a cognitive system with a limited capacity that is responsible for temporarily holding information available for processing.

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Writing process

The writing process is a term used in teaching.

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I A Richards, I.A. Richards, IA Richards, Ivor Armstrong Richards, Ivor Richards, Practical Criticism, Practical criticism.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I._A._Richards

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