418 relations: Active matrix, Active shutter 3D system, Advertising, Alan Archibald Campbell-Swinton, Alexander Bain, Alexandra Palace, Amanda D. Lotz, Amazon Video, American English, American Idol, Amusing Ourselves to Death, Analog television, Anik (satellite), Apple Inc., Armistice Day, Art film, Arthur C. Clarke, Arthur Korn, Aspect ratio, Aspect ratio (image), Atlantic Ocean, ATS-6, Audience, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Autostereoscopy, Édouard Belin, Backlight, Bandwidth (signal processing), BBC, BBC iPlayer, Belgium, Bell Labs, Benjamin Adler, Bernard Natan, Bernard Stiegler, Betamax, Black and white, Black level, Blu-ray, Boris Rosing, British English, Broadcast programming, Broadcast syndication, Broadcast-safe, Broadcasting, Broadcasting Authority of Ireland, Bulova, C band (IEEE), Cable television, Campaign advertising, ..., Canada Science and Technology Museum, Cathode ray, Cathode ray tube, CBS, Chain store, Channel (broadcasting), Channel 4, Channel 5 (UK), Charles Francis Jenkins, Chromatron, Chromecast, Cinephilia, Cloud computing, Cold cathode, Color television, Communications satellite, Commutator (electric), Computer industry, Computer monitor, Constantin Perskyi, Consumer electronics, Consumer Technology Association, Content discovery platform, Contrast ratio, Copper conductor, Cops (TV series), Cord-cutting, Crookes tube, Data compression, Denmark, Depth perception, Digital broadcasting, Digital cinema, Digital distribution, Digital micromirror device, Digital television, Digital television transition, Digital terrestrial television, Digital video, Digital video recorder, Diode, Display aspect ratio, Display device, Dominion Theatre, DR (broadcaster), Educational television, Ekran, Electric charge, Electrical energy, Electricity, Electroluminescence, Electron, Electron gun, Electronic circuit, Electronic waste, Electronics World, Electrostatic deflection, EMI, Emission spectrum, Emmy Award, Enhanced-definition television, Epsom Derby, ETSI, Everything Bad Is Good for You, Exposition Universelle (1900), Fax, Federal Communications Commission, Felix the Cat, Field (video), Field-emission display, Film frame, Film industry, Fixed-satellite service, Flat panel display, Fluorescence, Fluorescent lamp, Flying-spot scanner, Frank Gray (researcher), Franklin Institute, Frederick Bakewell, Free viewpoint television, Free-to-air, Free-to-view, Freeview (UK), Frequency allocation, Gas, Geer tube, General Electric, Geosynchronous orbit, Glasgow, Graphics display resolution, Guillermo González Camarena, Handheld game console, Handheld television, Hard disk drive, Herbert E. Ives, Herbert Hoover, High-definition television, Hisense, History of the Brooklyn Dodgers, Home network, Hot cathode, Household, Hovannes Adamian, Hulu, Hungary, Iconoscope, Image dissector, Image resolution, Infomercial, Information–action ratio, Intelsat I, Interactive media, Interference proceeding, Interlaced video, International Telecommunication Union, Internationale Funkausstellung Berlin, Ion, Ionization, IPhone, IPod Nano, IPod Touch, IPTV, Isaac Shoenberg, ITU-R, ITV (TV channel), ITV (TV network), J. J. Thomson, Jacques Derrida, Jan Szczepanik, Jerry Mander, John Bertrand Johnson, John Logie Baird, Johnson–Nyquist noise, Jon Stewart, Karl Ferdinand Braun, Kálmán Tihanyi, Kenjiro Takayanagi, Kerr effect, Ku band, Larry Hornbeck, Léon Theremin, LCD television, Lead glass, LED-backlit LCD, Lee de Forest, LG Electronics, Light-emitting diode, Light-emitting electrochemical cell, Liquid-crystal display, List of countries by number of television broadcast stations, List of genres, List of television manufacturers, List of years in television, Local programming, Low-definition television, Low-noise block downconverter, Lux, Macmillan Publishers, Manfred von Ardenne, Marshall McLuhan, Mass media, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Master of ceremonies, Mechanical television, Media psychology, Medical drama, Mentadent, Mercury (element), Millisecond, Miniseries, Mobile phone, Molecule, Molniya (satellite), Monochrome, Montreal, Multiple sub-Nyquist sampling encoding, Museum of Broadcast Communications, NASA, Nature (journal), NBC, Neil Postman, Netflix, Network affiliate, NHK, NHK Science & Technology Research Laboratories, Nielsen Media Research, Nielsen ratings, Nipkow disk, Nippon TV, Non-commercial, Norway, NRK, NTSC, Occupational safety and health, OLED, Orbita (TV system), Organic compound, Organic semiconductor, Oscilloscope, Outside broadcasting, Over-the-top media services, PAL, Pan and scan, Passive matrix addressing, Patent war, Pathé, Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, Pay television, PBS, Peck Television Corp., Penetron, Personal digital assistant, Peter Carl Goldmark, Pharmaceutical industry, Philadelphia, Philadelphia Phillies, Philips, Philo Farnsworth, Phosphor, Photoconductivity, Phototube, Physicist, Pierre Bourdieu, Pillarbox, Pixel, Plasma (physics), Plasma display, PlayStation Portable, Polarized 3D system, Political campaign, Polymer, Popular Mechanics, Porta-Color, Product placement, Program director, Progressive scan, Public opinion, Quality television, Radar, Radio frequency, Radio spectrum, Raidió Teilifís Éireann, Raster scan, Rasterisation, RCA, Rear-projection television, Relay program, Religious broadcasting, Research on the effects of violence in mass media, Retina, Roku, Rose Parade, Roy Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson of Fleet, Royal charter, Royal Society, RTBF, Samsung Electronics, Satellite dish, Satellite television, Scan line, Schenectady, New York, SECAM, Seiko, Seikosha, Selenium, Selfridges, Server (computing), Set-top box, Shizuoka University, Sign language, Signaling (telecommunications), Silhouette, Simulcast, Smart TV, Snoop Dogg's Father Hood, Solar cell, Sony, South Park, Soviet Union, Specialty channel, Standard-definition television, Stereo display, Stereoscopy, Steven Johnson (author), Streaming media, Streaming television, Stuart Ballantine Medal, Subscription business model, Super Bowl, Surface-conduction electron-emitter display, Sveriges Television, Sweden, Syncom, TCL Corporation, Technological convergence, Telechrome, Telecommunications link, Telegraphy, Television advertisement, Television channel, Television licence, Television receive-only, Television set, Television show, Television studies, Telstar, Terrestrial television, Texas Instruments, The Biggest Loser, The Crystal Palace, The Daily Show, The Journal of Human Resources, The New York Times, The Osbournes, The Simple Life, The Sopranos, The Times, Thin-film transistor, Trademark, Transmission (telecommunications), Tuner (radio), Twin Peaks, UHF television broadcasting, Ultra-high-definition television, UNESCO, United States Patent and Trademark Office, United States Secretary of Commerce, USB flash drive, Vacuum tube, Very high frequency, VHS, Video, Video camera tube, Video file format, Video news release, Video on demand, Video projector, Videotape, Vladimir K. Zworykin, War Production Board, Waveform, Web 2.0, Web television, Western Electric, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, WGY (AM), Whippany, New Jersey, William F. Schreiber, Willoughby Smith, Wirephoto, WNBC, World War II, WRGB, X-ray, 1080i, 1080p, 16:9, 17.5 mm film, 1939 New York World's Fair, 1950s quiz show scandals, 2D-plus-depth, 3D television, 405-line television system, 480i, 480p, 576i, 720p. Expand index (368 more) » « Shrink index
Active matrix is a type of addressing scheme used in flat panel displays.
An active shutter 3D system (a.k.a. alternate frame sequencing, alternate image, AI, alternating field, field sequential or eclipse method) is a technique of displaying stereoscopic 3D images.
Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.
Alan Archibald Campbell-Swinton FRS (18 October 1863 – 19 February 1930) was a Scottish consulting electrical engineer, who provided the theoretical basis for the electronic television, two decades before the technology existed to implement it.
Alexander Bain (11 June 1818 – 18 September 1903) was a Scottish philosopher and educationalist in the British school of empiricism and a prominent and innovative figure in the fields of psychology, linguistics, logic, moral philosophy and education reform.
Alexandra Palace is a Grade II listed entertainment and sports venue in London, located between Muswell Hill and Wood Green.
Amanda D. Lotz is an American educator, television scholar, and media scholar.
Amazon Video is an Internet video on demand service that is developed, owned, and operated by Amazon.com.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
American Idol is an American singing competition television series created by Simon Fuller, produced by FremantleMedia North America and 19 Entertainment, and distributed by FremantleMedia North America.
Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business (1985) is a book by educator Neil Postman.
Analog television or analogue television is the original television technology that uses analog signals to transmit video and audio.
The Anik satellites are a series of geostationary communications satellites launched by Telesat Canada for television in Canada, from 1972 through 2013.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
Armistice Day is commemorated every year on 11 November to mark the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany at Compiègne, France, for the cessation of hostilities on the Western Front of World War I, which took effect at eleven o'clock in the morning—the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" of 1918.
An art film is typically a serious, independent film, aimed at a niche market rather than a mass market audience.
Sir Arthur Charles Clarke (16 December 1917 – 19 March 2008) was a British science fiction writer, science writer and futurist, inventor, undersea explorer, and television series host.
Arthur Korn (May 20, 1870, Breslau, Germany – December 21/December 22, 1945, Jersey City, New Jersey) was a German physicist, mathematician and inventor.
The aspect ratio of a geometric shape is the ratio of its sizes in different dimensions.
The aspect ratio of an image describes the proportional relationship between its width and its height.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
ATS-6 (Applications Technology Satellite-6) was a NASA experimental satellite, built by Fairchild Space and Electronics Division It has been called the world's first educational satellite as well as world's first experimental Direct Broadcast Satellite as part of the Satellite Instructional Television Experiment between NASA and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
An audience is a group of people who participate in a show or encounter a work of art, literature (in which they are called "readers"), theatre, music (in which they are called "listeners"), video games (in which they are called "players"), or academics in any medium.
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) founded in 1929 is Australia's national broadcaster, funded by the Australian Federal Government but specifically independent of Government and politics in the Commonwealth.
Autostereoscopy is any method of displaying stereoscopic images (adding binocular perception of 3D depth) without the use of special headgear or glasses on the part of the viewer.
Édouard Belin (Vesoul, Haute-Saône, France, 5 March 1876 – 4 March 1963 in Territet, Canton of Vaud, Switzerland) was a French photographer and inventor, best known for inventing the Bélinographe.
A backlight is a form of illumination used in liquid crystal displays (LCDs).
Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a continuous band of frequencies.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC iPlayer is an internet streaming, catchup, television and radio service from the BBC.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.
Benjamin Adler (1903/1904-1990) was an electrical engineer and inventor who helped develop the first commercial television.
Bernard Natan (born Natan Tannenzaft; July 14, 1886 – October 1942) was a Franco-Romanian film entrepreneur, director and actor of the 1920s and 1930s.
Bernard Stiegler (born 1 April 1952) is a French philosopher.
Betamax (also called Beta, as in its logo) is a consumer-level analog-recording and cassette format of magnetic tape for video.
Black and white, often abbreviated B/W or B&W, and hyphenated black-and-white when used as an adjective, is any of several monochrome forms in visual arts.
Video black level is defined as the level of brightness at the darkest (black) part of a visual image or the level of brightness at which no light is emitted from a screen, resulting in a pure black screen.
Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
Boris Lvovich Rosing (Бори́с Льво́вич Ро́зинг; (April 23, 1869 (old style, May 5, 1869, new style). – April 20, 1933) was a Russian scientist and inventor in the field of television.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
Broadcast programming is the practice of organizing and/or ordering of broadcast media programs (Internet, television, radio, etc.) in a daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly or season-long schedule.
Broadcasting syndication is the license to broadcast television programs and radio programs by multiple television stations and radio stations, without going through a broadcast network.
Broadcast-safe video (broadcast legal or legal signal) is a term used in the broadcast industry to define video and audio compliant with the technical or regulatory broadcast requirements of the target area or region the feed might be broadcasting to.
Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model.
The Broadcasting Authority of Ireland (BAI) (Údarás Craolacháin na hÉireann) was established on 1 October 2009 effectively replacing the Broadcasting Commission of Ireland (BCI) (Coimisiún Craolacháin na hÉireann).
Bulova is an American watch brand founded in in 1875 and currently owned by Japanese conglomerate Citizen Watch Co.
The C-band is a designation by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) for a portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the microwave range of frequencies ranging from 4.0 to 8.0 gigahertz (GHz); however, this definition is the one used by radar manufacturers and users, not necessarily by microwave radio telecommunications users.
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to paying subscribers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables.
In politics, campaign advertising is the use of an advertising campaign through the media to influence a political debate, and ultimately, voters.
The Canada Science and Technology Museum (Musée des sciences et de la technologie du Canada) is located in Ottawa, Ontario, on St. Laurent Boulevard, to the south of the Queensway (Highway 417).
Cathode rays (also called an electron beam or e-beam) are streams of electrons observed in vacuum tubes.
The cathode ray tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube that contains one or more electron guns and a phosphorescent screen, and is used to display images.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
Chain store(s) or retail chain(s) are retail outlets that share a brand and central management, and usually have standardized business methods and practices.
In broadcasting, a channel or frequency channel is a designated radio frequency (or, equivalently, wavelength), assigned by a competent frequency assignment authority for the operation of a particular radio station, television station or television channel.
Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster that began transmission on 2 November 1982.
Channel 5 is a British commercial television network.
Charles Francis Jenkins (August 22, 1867 – June 6, 1934) was an American pioneer of early cinema and one of the inventors of television, though he used mechanical rather than electronic technologies.
The Chromatron is a color television cathode ray tube design invented by Nobel prize-winner Ernest Lawrence and developed commercially by Paramount Pictures, Sony, Litton Industries and others.
Chromecast is a line of digital media players developed by Google.
Cinephilia (also cinemaphilia or filmophilia) is the term used to refer to a passionate interest in films, film theory, and film criticism.
Cloud computing is an information technology (IT) paradigm that enables ubiquitous access to shared pools of configurable system resources and higher-level services that can be rapidly provisioned with minimal management effort, often over the Internet.
A cold cathode is a cathode that is not electrically heated by a filament.
Color/Colour television is a television transmission technology that includes information on the color of the picture, so the video image can be displayed in color on the television set.
A communications satellite is an artificial satellite that relays and amplifies radio telecommunications signals via a transponder; it creates a communication channel between a source transmitter and a receiver at different locations on Earth.
A commutator is a rotary electrical switch in certain types of electric motors and electrical generators that periodically reverses the current direction between the rotor and the external circuit.
The computer or information technology, or IT industry is the range of businesses involved in designing computer hardware and computer networking infrastructures, developing computer software, manufacturing computer components, and providing information technology (IT) services.
A computer monitor is an output device which displays information in pictorial form.
Constantin Dmitrievich Perskyi (Константин Дмитриевич Перский) (2 June 1854 – 5 April 1906) was a Russian scientist who is credited with coining the word television (télévision) in a paper that he presented in French at the 1st International Congress of Electricity, which ran from 18 to 25 August 1900 during the International World Fair in Paris.
Consumer electronics or home electronics are electronic (analog or digital) equipments intended for everyday use, typically in private homes.
The Consumer Technology Association (CTA), formerly Consumer Electronics Association (CEA), is a standards and trade organization for the consumer electronics industry in the United States.
A content discovery platform is an implemented software recommendation platform which uses recommender system tools.
The contrast ratio is a property of a display system, defined as the ratio of the luminance of the brightest color (white) to that of the darkest color (black) that the system is capable of producing.
Copper has been used in electrical wiring since the invention of the electromagnet and the telegraph in the 1820s.
Cops (stylized as COPS) is an American half-hour documentary/reality legal series that follows police officers, constables, sheriff's deputies, federal agents, and state troopers during patrols and other police activities including prostitution and narcotics stings.
In broadcast television, cord-cutting refers to the pattern of viewers, referred to as cord cutters, cancelling their subscriptions to multichannel subscription television services available over cable, dropping pay television channels or reducing the number of hours of subscription TV viewed in response to competition from rival media available over the Internet such as Amazon Prime, Crunchyroll, Hulu, Netflix and YouTube Premium.
A Crookes tube (also Crookes–Hittorf tube) is an early experimental electrical discharge tube, with partial vacuum, invented by English physicist William Crookes and others around 1869-1875, in which cathode rays, streams of electrons, were discovered.
In signal processing, data compression, source coding, or bit-rate reduction involves encoding information using fewer bits than the original representation.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Depth perception is the visual ability to perceive the world in three dimensions (3D) and the distance of an object.
Digital broadcasting is the practice of using digital signals rather than analogue signals for broadcasting over radio frequency bands.
Digital cinema refers to the use of digital technology to distribute or project motion pictures as opposed to the historical use of reels of motion picture film, such as 35 mm film.
Digital distribution (also referred to as content delivery, online distribution, or electronic software distribution (ESD), among others) is the delivery or distribution of media content such as audio, video, software and video games.
The digital micromirror device, or DMD, is a micro-opto-electromechanical system (MOEMS) that is the core of the trademarked DLP projection technology from Texas Instruments (TI).
Digital television (DTV) is the transmission of television signals, including the sound channel, using digital encoding, in contrast to the earlier television technology, analog television, in which the video and audio are carried by analog signals.
The digital television transition, also called the digital switchover, the analog switch-off (ASO), or the analog shutdown, is the process in which older analog television broadcasting is converted to and replaced by digital television.
Digital terrestrial television (DTTV or DTT) is a technology for broadcast television in which land-based (terrestrial) television stations broadcast television content by radio waves to televisions in consumers' residences in a digital format.
Digital video is an electronic representation of moving visual images (video) in the form of encoded digital data.
A digital video recorder (DVR) is an electronic device that records video in a digital format to a disk drive, USB flash drive, SD memory card, SSD or other local or networked mass storage device.
A diode is a two-terminal electronic component that conducts current primarily in one direction (asymmetric conductance); it has low (ideally zero) resistance in one direction, and high (ideally infinite) resistance in the other.
The aspect ratio of a display device is the proportional relationship between its width and its height.
A display device is an output device for presentation of information in visual or tactile form (the latter used for example in tactile electronic displays for blind people).
The Dominion Theatre is a West End theatre and former cinema located on Tottenham Court Road, close to St Giles Circus and Centre Point, in the London Borough of Camden.
DR (Danmarks Radio), officially Danish Broadcasting Corporation in English, is a Danish public-service radio and television broadcasting company.
Educational television or learning television is the use of television programs in the field of distance education.
Ekran ("Экран", "Screen") was a Soviet-Russian type of geostationary satellite, developed for a national system of Direct-To-Home television.
Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when placed in an electromagnetic field.
Electrical energy is the energy newly derived from electric potential energy or kinetic energy.
Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion of electric charge.
Electroluminescence (EL) is an optical phenomenon and electrical phenomenon in which a material emits light in response to the passage of an electric current or to a strong electric field.
The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol or, whose electric charge is negative one elementary charge.
An electron gun (also called electron emitter) is an electrical component in some vacuum tubes that produces a narrow, collimated electron beam that has a precise kinetic energy.
An electronic circuit is composed of individual electronic components, such as resistors, transistors, capacitors, inductors and diodes, connected by conductive wires or traces through which electric current can flow.
Electronic waste or e-waste describes discarded electrical or electronic devices.
Electronics World (Wireless World, founded in 1913, and in September 1984 renamed Electronics & Wireless World) is a technical magazine in electronics and RF engineering aimed at professional design engineers.
Electrostatic deflection refers to a technique for modifying the path of a beam of charged particles by the use of an electric field applied transverse to the path of the particles.
EMI Group Limited (originally an initialism for Electric and Musical Industries and also referred to as EMI Records Ltd.) was a British multinational conglomerate founded in March 1931 in London.
The emission spectrum of a chemical element or chemical compound is the spectrum of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation emitted due to an atom or molecule making a transition from a high energy state to a lower energy state.
An Emmy Award, or simply Emmy, is an American award that recognizes excellence in the television industry, and is the equivalent of an Academy Award (for film), the Tony Award (for theater), and the Grammy Award (for music).
Enhanced-definition television, or extended-definition television (EDTV) is an American Consumer Electronics Association (CEA) marketing shorthand term for certain digital television (DTV) formats and devices.
The Derby Stakes, officially the Investec Derby, popularly known as the Derby, is a Group 1 flat horse race in England open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies.
The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) is an independent, not-for-profit, standardization organization in the telecommunications industry (equipment makers and network operators) in Europe, headquartered in Sophia-Antipolis, France, with worldwide projection.
Everything Bad Is Good for You: How Today's Popular Culture Is Actually Making Us Smarter is a non-fiction book written by Steven Johnson.
The Exposition Universelle of 1900 was a world's fair held in Paris, France, from 14 April to 12 November 1900, to celebrate the achievements of the past century and to accelerate development into the next.
Fax (short for facsimile), sometimes called telecopying or telefax (the latter short for telefacsimile), is the telephonic transmission of scanned printed material (both text and images), normally to a telephone number connected to a printer or other output device.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
Felix the Cat is a funny-animal cartoon character created in the silent film era.
In video, a field is one of the many still images which are displayed sequentially to create the impression of motion on the screen.
A field-emission display (FED) is a flat panel display technology that uses large-area field electron emission sources to provide electrons that strike colored phosphor to produce a color image.
In filmmaking, video production, animation, and related fields, a frame is one of the many still images which compose the complete moving picture.
The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking, i.e., film production companies, film studios, cinematography, animation, film production, screenwriting, pre-production, post production, film festivals, distribution; and actors, film directors, and other film crew personnel.
Fixed-satellite service (short: FSS | also: fixed-satellite radiocommunication service) is – according to article 1.21 of the International Telecommunication Union´s (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as A radiocommunication service between earth stations at given positions, when one or more satellites are used; the given position may be a specified fixed point or any fixed point within specified areas; in some cases this service includes satellite-to-satellite links, which may also be operated in the inter-satellite service; the fixed-satellite service may also include feeder links for other space radiocommunication services.
Flat-panel displays are electronic viewing technologies used to enable people to see content (still images, moving images, text, or other visual material) in a range of entertainment, consumer electronics, personal computer, and mobile devices, and many types of medical, transportation and industrial equipment.
Fluorescence is the emission of light by a substance that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation.
A fluorescent lamp, or fluorescent tube, is a low-pressure mercury-vapor gas-discharge lamp that uses fluorescence to produce visible light.
A flying-spot scanner (FSS) uses a scanning source of a spot of light, such as a high-resolution, high-light-output, low-persistence cathode ray tube (CRT), to scan an image.
Frank Gray (13 September 1887, Alpine, Indiana – 23 May 1969) was a physicist and researcher at Bell Labs who made numerous innovations in television, both mechanical and electronic, and is remembered for the Gray code.
The Franklin Institute is a science museum and the center of science education and research in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Frederick Collier Bakewell (29 September 1800 – 26 September 1869) was an English physicist who improved on the concept of the facsimile machine introduced by Alexander Bain in 1842 and demonstrated a working laboratory version at the 1851 World's Fair in London.
Free viewpoint television (FTV) is a system for viewing natural video, allowing the user to interactively control the viewpoint and generate new views of a dynamic scene from any 3D position.
Free-to-air (FTA) are television (TV) and radio services broadcast in clear (unencrypted) form, allowing any person with the appropriate receiving equipment to receive the signal and view or listen to the content without requiring a subscription, other ongoing cost or one-off fee (e.g. Pay-per-view).
Free-to-view (FTV) is a term used for audio and/or video transmissions that are provided free-of-charge without any form of continual subscription but are nevertheless encrypted.
Freeview is the United Kingdom's digital terrestrial television platform.
Frequency allocation (or spectrum allocation or spectrum management) is the allocation and regulation of the electromagnetic spectrum into radio frequency bands, which is normally done by governments in most countries.
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).
The Geer tube was an early single-tube color television cathode ray tube, developed by Willard Geer.
General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
A geosynchronous orbit (sometimes abbreviated GSO) is an orbit around Earth of a satellite with an orbital period that matches Earth's rotation on its axis, which takes one sidereal day (23 hours, 56 minutes, and 4 seconds).
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
The graphics display resolution is the width and height dimension of an electronic visual display device, such as a computer monitor, in pixels.
Guillermo González Camarena (17 February 1917 – 18 April 1965), was a Mexican electrical engineer who was the inventor of a color-wheel type of color television, and who also introduced color television to Mexico.
A handheld game console is a small, portable self-contained video game console with a built-in screen, game controls, and speakers.
A handheld television is a portable device for watching television that usually uses a TFT LCD or OLED color display.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
Herbert Eugene Ives (July 21, 1882 – November 13, 1953) was a scientist and engineer who headed the development of facsimile and television systems at AT&T in the first half of the twentieth century.
Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was an American engineer, businessman and politician who served as the 31st President of the United States from 1929 to 1933 during the Great Depression.
High-definition television (HDTV) is a television system providing an image resolution that is of substantially higher resolution than that of standard-definition television, either analog or digital.
Hisense Co., Ltd. is a Chinese multinational major appliance and electronics manufacturer headquartered in Qingdao, Shandong province, China.
The Brooklyn Dodgers were an American Major League baseball team, active primarily in the National League from 1884 until 1957, after which the club moved to Los Angeles, where it continues its history as the Los Angeles Dodgers.
A home network or home area network (HAN) is a type of computer network that facilitates communication among devices within the close vicinity of a home.
In vacuum tubes and gas-filled tubes, a hot cathode or thermionic cathode is a cathode electrode which is heated to make it emit electrons due to thermionic emission.
A household consists of one or more people who live in the same dwelling and also share meals or living accommodation, and may consist of a single family or some other grouping of people.
Hovhannes (Ivan) Abgari Adamian (5 February 1879, Baku – 12 September 1932, Leningrad) was an Armenian and Soviet engineer, an author of more than 20 inventions.
Hulu (stylized as hulu) is an American entertainment company that provides over-the-top media services owned by Hulu LLC, a joint venture with The Walt Disney Company (through Disney Direct-to-Consumer and International) (30%), 21st Century Fox (30%), Comcast (through NBCUniversal) (30%),Although NBC Universal is also a major shareholder (30%) of Hulu, by the Federal Communications Commission, NBC Universal and Comcast are required not to exercise any right to influence the conduct or operation of Hulu.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
The Iconoscope (from the Greek: εἰκών "image" and σκοπεῖν "to look, to see") was the first practical video camera tube to be used in early television cameras.
An image dissector, also called a dissector tube, is a video camera tube in which photocathode emissions create an "electron image" which is then scanned to produce an electrical signal representing the visual image.
Image resolution is the detail an image holds.
An infomercial is a form of television commercial, which generally includes a toll-free telephone number or website.
In a speech to the German Informatics Society (Gesellschaft für Informatik) on October 11, 1990 in Stuttgart, sponsored by IBM-Germany, Postman said the following: "The tie between information and action has been severed.
Intelsat I (nicknamed Early Bird for the proverb "The early bird catches the worm") was the first commercial communications satellite to be placed in geosynchronous orbit, on April 6, 1965.
Interactive media normally refers to products and services on digital computer-based systems which respond to the user's actions by presenting content such as text, moving image, animation, video, audio, and video games.
An interference proceeding, also known as a priority contest, is an inter partes proceeding to determine the priority issues of multiple patent applications.
Interlaced video is a technique for doubling the perceived frame rate of a video display without consuming extra bandwidth.
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; Union Internationale des Télécommunications (UIT)), originally the International Telegraph Union (Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.
The IFA or Internationale Funkausstellung Berlin (International radio exhibition Berlin, a.k.a. 'Berlin Radio Show') is one of the oldest industrial exhibitions in Germany.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Ionization or ionisation, is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.
iPhone is a line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The iPhone line of products use Apple's iOS mobile operating system software.
The iPod Nano (stylized and marketed as iPod nano) is a portable media player designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The first generation model was introduced on September 7, 2005, as a replacement for the iPod Mini, using flash memory for storage.
The iPod Touch (stylized and marketed as iPod touch) is an iOS-based all-purpose mobile device designed and marketed by Apple Inc. with a touchscreen-controlled user interface.
Internet Protocol television (IPTV) is the delivery of television content over Internet Protocol (IP) networks.
Sir Isaac Shoenberg (1 March 1880 – 25 January 1963) was an electronic engineer born in Russia who was best known for his role in history of television.
The ITU Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and is responsible for radio communication.
ITV is a commercial television channel in the United Kingdom.
ITV is a British commercial TV network.
Sir Joseph John Thomson (18 December 1856 – 30 August 1940) was an English physicist and Nobel Laureate in Physics, credited with the discovery and identification of the electron; and with the discovery of the first subatomic particle.
Jacques Derrida (born Jackie Élie Derrida;. See also. July 15, 1930 – October 9, 2004) was a French Algerian-born philosopher best known for developing a form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction, which he discussed in numerous texts, and developed in the context of phenomenology.
Jan Szczepanik (June 13, 1872 – April 18, 1926) was a Polish inventor, with several hundred patents and over 50 discoveries to his name, many of which are still applied today, especially in the motion picture industry, as well as in photography and television.
Jerold Irwin "Jerry" Mander (born May 1, 1936) is an American activist and author, best known for his 1977 book, Four Arguments for the Elimination of Television.
John Bertrand "Bert" Johnson (October 2, 1887 – November 27, 1970) (né Johan Erik Bertrand) was a Swedish-born American electrical engineer and physicist.
John Logie Baird FRSE (13 August 188814 June 1946) was a Scottish engineer, innovator, one of the inventors of the mechanical television, demonstrating the first working television system on 26 January 1926, and inventor of both the first publicly demonstrated colour television system, and the first purely electronic colour television picture tube.
Johnson–Nyquist noise (thermal noise, Johnson noise, or Nyquist noise) is the electronic noise generated by the thermal agitation of the charge carriers (usually the electrons) inside an electrical conductor at equilibrium, which happens regardless of any applied voltage.
Jon Stewart (born Jonathan Stuart Leibowitz; November 28, 1962) is an American comedian, writer, producer, director, political commentator, actor, and television host.
Karl Ferdinand Braun (6 June 1850 – 20 April 1918) was a German inventor, physicist and Nobel laureate in physics.
Kálmán Tihanyi (28 April 1897 – 26 February 1947) was a Hungarian physicist, electrical engineer and inventor.
was a Japanese engineer and a pioneer in the development of television.
The Kerr effect, also called the quadratic electro-optic (QEO) effect, is a change in the refractive index of a material in response to an applied electric field.
The Ku band is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the microwave range of frequencies from 12 to 18 gigahertz (GHz).
Larry J. Hornbeck (born September 17, 1943) is an American engineer who took part in the realization of the DLP CINEMA technology while working at Texas Instruments (TI).
Lev Sergeyevich Termen (p; – 3 November 1993), or Léon Theremin in the United States, was a Russian and Soviet inventor, most famous for his invention of the theremin, one of the first electronic musical instruments and the first to be mass-produced.
Liquid-crystal-display televisions (LCD TV) are television sets that use liquid-crystal displays to produce images.
Lead glass, commonly called crystal, is a variety of glass in which lead replaces the calcium content of a typical potash glass.
A LED-backlit LCD is a flat panel display which uses LED backlighting instead of the cold cathode fluorescent (CCFL) backlighting.
Lee de Forest (August 26, 1873 – June 30, 1961) was an American inventor, self-described "Father of Radio", and a pioneer in the development of sound-on-film recording used for motion pictures.
LG Electronics Inc. (LG전자) is a South Korean multinational electronics company headquartered in Yeouido-dong, Seoul, South Korea, and is part of the LG Group, employing 82,000 people working in 119 local subsidiaries worldwide.
A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.
A light-emitting electrochemical cell (LEC or LEEC) is a solid-state device that generates light from an electric current (electroluminescence).
A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.
This is a list of countries by number of television broadcast stations.
This is a list of genres of literature and entertainment, excluding genres in the visual arts.
This is a list of television manufacturers, past and present.
The terms local programme, local programming, local content or local television refers to a television program made by a television station or independent television producer for broadcast only within the station's transmission area or television market.
Low-definition television (LDTV) refers to television systems that have a lower screen resolution than standard-definition television systems.
A low-noise block downconverter (LNB) is the receiving device mounted on satellite dishes used for satellite TV reception, which collects the radio waves from the dish and converts them to a signal which is sent through a cable to the receiver inside the building.
The lux (symbol: lx) is the SI derived unit of illuminance and luminous emittance, measuring luminous flux per unit area.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd (occasionally known as the Macmillan Group) is an international publishing company owned by Holtzbrinck Publishing Group.
Manfred von Ardenne (20 January 1907 – 26 May 1997) was a German research and applied physicist and inventor.
Herbert Marshall McLuhan (July 21, 1911December 31, 1980) was a Canadian professor, philosopher, and public intellectual.
The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
A master of ceremonies, abbreviated M.C. or emcee, also called compère and announcer, is the official host of a ceremony, a staged event or similar performance.
Mechanical television or mechanical scan television is a television system that relies on a mechanical scanning device, such as a rotating disk with holes in it or a rotating mirror, to scan the scene and generate the video signal, and a similar mechanical device at the receiver to display the picture.
Media psychology is the branch of psychology that focuses on the interaction of human behavior and media and technology.
A medical drama is a television program or film in which events center upon a hospital, an ambulance staff, or any medical environment and most medical episodes are one hour long and set in a hospital.
Mentadent is a brand name for a line of dental products manufactured by Unilever for its home and international markets excluding in the United States and Canada where the company sold its rights to the brand to Church & Dwight Company in 2003.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
A millisecond (from milli- and second; symbol: ms) is a thousandth (0.001 or 10−3 or 1/1000) of a second.
A miniseries (or mini-series, also known as a serial in the UK) is a television program that tells a story in a predetermined, limited number of episodes.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Molniya (a, "Lightning") were military communications satellites used by the Soviet Union.
Monochrome describes paintings, drawings, design, or photographs in one color or values of one color.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
MUSE (Multiple sub-Nyquist sampling encoding), was a dot-interlaced digital video compression system that used analog modulation for transmission to deliver 1125-line high definition video signals to the home.
The Museum of Broadcast Communications (MBC) is an American museum, the stated mission of which is "to collect, preserve, and present historic and contemporary radio and television content as well as educate, inform and entertain through our archives, public programs, screenings, exhibits, publications and online access to our resources." It is located in Chicago, Illinois.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
Neil Postman (March 8, 1931 – October 5, 2003) was an American author, educator, media theorist and cultural critic, who is best known for his seventeen books, including Amusing Ourselves to Death (1985), Conscientious Objections (1988), ''Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology'' (1992), The Disappearance of Childhood (1994) and The End of Education: Redefining the Value of School (1995).
Netflix, Inc. is an American over-the-top media services provider, headquartered in Los Gatos, California.
In the broadcasting industry (particularly in North America), a network affiliate or affiliated station is a local broadcaster, owned by a company other than the owner of the network, which carries some or all of the lineup of television programs or radio programs of a television or radio network.
is Japan's national public broadcasting organization.
NHK Science & Technical Research Laboratories (STRL, Japanese: NHK放送技術研究所, NHK Hōsō Gijutsu Kenkyūjo), headquartered in Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan, is responsible for technical research at NHK, Japan's public broadcaster.
Nielsen Media Research (NMR) is an American firm that measures media audiences, including television, radio, theatre films (via the AMC Theatres MAP program) and newspapers.
Nielsen ratings are the audience measurement systems operated by Nielsen Media Research that seek to determine the audience size and composition of television programming in the United States.
A Nipkow disk (sometimes Anglicized as Nipkov disk; patented in 1884), also known as scanning disk, is a mechanical, rotating, geometrically operating image scanning device, patented in 1885 by Paul Gottlieb Nipkow.
, doing business as Nippon TV, is a television network based in the Shiodome area of Minato, Tokyo, Japan and is controlled by the Yomiuri Shimbun publishing company.
Non-commercial (also spelled noncommercial) refers to an activity or entity that does not, in some sense, involve commerce, at least relative to similar activities that do have a commercial objective or emphasis.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
NRK (an abbreviation of the Norwegian: Norsk rikskringkasting AS, generally expressed in English as the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation) is the Norwegian government-owned radio and television public broadcasting company, and the largest media organisation in Norway.
NTSC, named after the National Television System Committee,National Television System Committee (1951–1953),, 17 v. illus., diagrs., tables.
Occupational safety and health (OSH), also commonly referred to as occupational health and safety (OHS), occupational health, or workplace health and safety (WHS), is a multidisciplinary field concerned with the safety, health, and welfare of people at work.
An organic light-emitting diode (OLED) is a light-emitting diode (LED) in which the emissive electroluminescent layer is a film of organic compound that emits light in response to an electric current.
Orbita (орбита) is a Soviet-Russian system of broadcasting and delivering TV signals via satellites.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Organic semiconductors are solids whose building blocks are pi-bonded molecules or polymers made up by carbon and hydrogen atoms and – at times – heteroatoms such as nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen.
An oscilloscope, previously called an oscillograph, and informally known as a scope or o-scope, CRO (for cathode-ray oscilloscope), or DSO (for the more modern digital storage oscilloscope), is a type of electronic test instrument that allows observation of varying signal voltages, usually as a two-dimensional plot of one or more signals as a function of time.
Outside broadcasting (OB) is the electronic field production (EFP) of television or radio programmes (typically to cover television news and sports television events) from a mobile remote broadcast television studio.
Over the top (OTT) is a term used to refer to content providers that distribute streaming media as a standalone product directly to consumers over the Internet, bypassing telecommunications, multichannel television, and broadcast television platforms that traditionally act as a controller or distributor of such content.
Phase Alternating Line (PAL) is a color encoding system for analogue television used in broadcast television systems in most countries broadcasting at 625-line / 50 field (25 frame) per second (576i).
Pan and scan is a method of adjusting widescreen film images so that they can be shown in fullscreen proportions of a standard definition 4:3 aspect ratio television screen, often cropping off the sides of the original widescreen image to focus on the composition's most important aspects.
Passive matrix addressing is an addressing scheme used in early LCDs.
A patent war is a "battle" between corporations or individuals to secure patents for litigation, whether offensively or defensively.
Pathé or Pathé Frères (styled as PATHÉ!) is the name of various French businesses that were founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France starting in 1896.
Paul Julius Gottlieb Nipkow (22 August 1860 – 24 August 1940) was a German technician and inventor.
Pay television, subscription television, premium television, or premium channels are subscription-based television services, usually provided by both analog and digital cable and satellite television, but also increasingly via digital terrestrial and internet television.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
Peck Television Corp. was a private company headquartered in Montreal, Canada that was a pioneer in television.
The penetron, short for penetration tube, is a type of limited-color television used in some military applications.
A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a handheld PC, is a variety mobile device which functions as a personal information manager.
Peter Carl Goldmark (Goldmark Péter Károly) (December 2, 1906 – December 7, 1977) was a Hungarian-American engineer who, during his time with Columbia Records, was instrumental in developing the long-playing microgroove 33-1/3 rpm phonograph disc, the standard for incorporating multiple or lengthy recorded works on a single disc for two generations.
The pharmaceutical industry (or medicine industry) is the commercial industry that discovers, develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceutical drugs for use as different types of medicine and medications.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
The Philadelphia Phillies are an American professional baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.
Philo Taylor Farnsworth (August 19, 1906 – March 11, 1971) was an American inventor and television pioneer.
A phosphor, most generally, is a substance that exhibits the phenomenon of luminescence.
Photoconductivity is an optical and electrical phenomenon in which a material becomes more electrically conductive due to the absorption of electromagnetic radiation such as visible light, ultraviolet light, infrared light, or gamma radiation.
A phototube or photoelectric cell is a type of gas-filled or vacuum tube that is sensitive to light.
A physicist is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length and time scales in the physical universe.
Pierre Felix Bourdieu (1 August 1930 – 23 January 2002) was a French sociologist, anthropologist, philosopher, and public intellectual.
The pillarbox effect occurs in widescreen video displays when black bars (mattes or masking) are placed on the sides of the image.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
Plasma (Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek English Lexicon, on Perseus) is one of the four fundamental states of matter, and was first described by chemist Irving Langmuir in the 1920s.
A plasma display panel (PDP) is a type of flat panel display common to large TV displays or larger.
The PlayStation Portable (PSP) is a handheld game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
A polarized 3D system uses polarization glasses to create the illusion of three-dimensional images by restricting the light that reaches each eye (an example of stereoscopy).
A political campaign is an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making process within a specific group.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
Popular Mechanics is a classic magazine of popular science and technology.
General Electric's Porta-Color was the first "portable" color television introduced in the United States in 1966.
Product placement, also known as embedded marketing, is a marketing technique in which references to specific brands or products are incorporated into another work, such as a film or television program, with specific promotional intent.
In service industries, such as education, a program manager or program director researches, plans, develops and implements one or more of the firm's professional services.
Progressive scanning (alternatively referred to as noninterlaced scanning) is a way of displaying, storing, or transmitting moving images in which all the lines of each frame are drawn in sequence.
Public opinion consists of the desires, wants, and thinking of the majority of the people; it is the collective opinion of the people of a society or state on an issue or problem.
Quality television (also quality TV or quality artistic television) is a term used by television scholars, television critics, and broadcasting advocacy groups to describe a genre or style of television programming that they argue is of higher quality due to its subject matter, style, or content.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
Radio frequency (RF) refers to oscillatory change in voltage or current in a circuit, waveguide or transmission line in the range extending from around twenty thousand times per second to around three hundred billion times per second, roughly between the upper limit of audio and the lower limit of infrared.
The radio spectrum is the part of the electromagnetic spectrum with frequencies from 3 Hz to 3 000 GHz (3 THz).
Raidió Teilifís Éireann (Radio-Television of Ireland; abbreviated as RTÉ) is a semi-state company and the national public service broadcaster of Ireland.
A raster scan, or raster scanning, is the rectangular pattern of image capture and reconstruction in television.
Rasterisation (or rasterization) is the task of taking an image described in a vector graphics format (shapes) and converting it into a raster image (pixels or dots) for output on a video display or printer, or for storage in a bitmap file format.
The RCA Corporation was a major American electronics company, which was founded as the Radio Corporation of America in 1919.
Rear-projection television (RPTV) is a type of large-screen television display technology.
The Relay program consisted of Relay 1 and Relay 2, two early American satellites in elliptical Low Earth orbit.
Religious broadcasting is broadcasting by religious organizations, usually with a religious message.
The studys of violence in mass media analyzes the degree of correlation between themes of violence in media sources (particularly violence in video games, television and films) with real-world aggression and violence over time.
The retina is the innermost, light-sensitive "coat", or layer, of shell tissue of the eye of most vertebrates and some molluscs.
The Roku Streaming Player, or simply Roku, is a series of streaming players manufactured by Roku, Inc. Roku partners provide over-the-top content in the form of channels.
The Rose Parade, also known as the Tournament of Roses Parade, is part of "America's New Year Celebration" held in Pasadena, California each year on New Year's Day (or on Monday, January 2 if New Year's Day falls on a Sunday).
Roy Herbert Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson of Fleet, GBE (June 5, 1894 – August 4, 1976) was a Canadian newspaper proprietor who became one of the moguls of Fleet Street.
A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
Radio Télévision Belge Francophone (RTBF) is the public broadcasting organization of the French Community of Belgium, the southern, French-speaking part of Belgium.
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (Korean: 삼성전자; Hanja: 三星電子 (Literally "tristar electronics")) is a South Korean multinational electronics company headquartered in Suwon, South Korea. Through having an extremely complicated ownership structure with some circular ownership, it is the flagship company of the Samsung Group, accounting for 70% of the group's revenue in 2012. Samsung Electronics has assembly plants and sales networks in 80 countries and employs around 308,745 people. It is the world's largest information technology company, consumer electronics maker and chipmaker by revenue. As of October 2017, Samsung Electronics' market cap stood at US$372.0 billion. Samsung has long been a major manufacturer of electronic components such as lithium-ion batteries, semiconductors, chips, flash memory and hard drive devices for clients such as Apple, Sony, HTC and Nokia. It is the world's largest manufacturer of mobile phones and smartphones, started with the original Samsung Solstice and later fueled by the popularity of its Samsung Galaxy line of devices. The company is also a major vendor of tablet computers, particularly its Android-powered Samsung Galaxy Tab collection, and is generally regarded as pioneering the phablet market through the Samsung Galaxy Note family of devices. Samsung has been the world's largest television manufacturer since 2006, and the world's largest manufacturer of mobile phones since 2011. It is also the world's largest memory chips manufacturer. In July 2017, Samsung Electronics overtook Intel as the largest semiconductor chip maker in the world. Samsung, like many other South Korean family-run chaebols, has been criticized for low dividend payouts and other governance practices that favor controlling shareholders at the expense of ordinary investors. In 2012, Kwon Oh-hyun was appointed the company's CEO but announced in October 2017 that he would resign in March 2018, citing an "unprecedented crisis".
A satellite dish is a dish-shaped type of parabolic antenna designed to receive or transmit information by radio waves to or from a communication satellite.
Satellite television is a service that delivers television programming to viewers by relaying it from a communications satellite orbiting the Earth directly to the viewer's location.
A scan line (also scanline) is one line, or row, in a raster scanning pattern, such as a line of video on a cathode ray tube (CRT) display of a television set or computer monitor.
Schenectady is a city in Schenectady County, New York, United States, of which it is the county seat.
SECAM, also written SÉCAM (Séquentiel couleur à mémoire, French for "Sequential colour with memory"), is an analogue color television system first used in France.
(), commonly known as Seiko, is a Japanese holding company that has subsidiaries which manufactures and sells watches, clocks, electronic devices, semiconductors, jewelries, and optical products.
was a branch of the Japanese company Seiko that produced clocks, watches, shutters, computer printers and other devices.
Selenium is a chemical element with symbol Se and atomic number 34.
Selfridges, also known as Selfridges & Co., is a chain of high end department stores in the United Kingdom, operated by Selfridges Retail Limited.
In computing, a server is a computer program or a device that provides functionality for other programs or devices, called "clients".
A set-top box (STB) or set-top unit (STU) (one type also colloquially known as a cable box) is an information appliance device that generally contains a TV-tuner input and displays output to a television set and an external source of signal, turning the source signal into content in a form that then be displayed on the television screen or other display device.
is a national university in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.
Sign languages (also known as signed languages) are languages that use manual communication to convey meaning.
In telecommunication, signaling has the following meanings.
A silhouette is the image of a person, animal, object or scene represented as a solid shape of a single color, usually black, with its edges matching the outline of the subject.
Simulcast, a portmanteau of simultaneous broadcast, is the broadcasting of programs or events across more than one medium, or more than one service on the same medium, at exactly the same time (that is, simultaneously).
A smart TV, sometimes referred to as connected TV or hybrid TV, is a television set with integrated Internet and interactive "Web 2.0" features.
Snoop Dogg's Father Hood is an American reality television series, executive produced and directed by David Roma, as well as Ted Chung, Constance Schwartz and Anthony Mandler.
A solar cell, or photovoltaic cell, is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity by the photovoltaic effect, which is a physical and chemical phenomenon.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
South Park is an American adult animated sitcom created by Trey Parker and Matt Stone and developed by Brian Graden for the Comedy Central television network.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A specialty channel can be a commercial broadcasting or non-commercial television channel which consists of television programming focused on a single genre, subject or targeted television market at a specific demographic.
Standard-definition television (SDTV or SD) is a television system which uses a resolution that is not considered to be either high- or enhanced-definition.
A stereo display (also 3D display) is a display device capable of conveying depth perception to the viewer by means of stereopsis for binocular vision.
Stereoscopy (also called stereoscopics, or stereo imaging) is a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image by means of stereopsis for binocular vision.
Steven Berlin Johnson (born June 6, 1968) is an American popular science author and media theorist.
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
Streaming television (or streaming TV) is the digital distribution of television content, such as TV shows, as streaming video delivered over the Internet.
The Stuart Ballantine Medal was a science and engineering award presented by the Franklin Institute, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
The subscription business model is a business model where a customer must pay a subscription price to have access to a product or service.
The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL).
A surface-conduction electron-emitter display (SED) is a display technology for flat panel displays developed by a number of companies.
SVT is the Swedish national public TV broadcaster, funded by a television licence fee payable by all owners of television sets, and set by the Riksdag.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Syncom (for "synchronous communication satellite") started as a 1961 NASA program for active geosynchronous communication satellites, all of which were developed and manufactured by Hughes Space and Communications.
TCL Corporation (originally an abbreviation for Telephone Communication Limited) is a Chinese multinational electronics company headquartered in Huizhou, Guangdong Province.
This article describe science and technology convergence, with illustrations to convergence of emerging technologies (NBIC, nano-, bio-, info- and cognitive technologies) and convergence of media technology.
Telechrome was the first all-electronic single-tube color television system.
In telecommunications a link is a communication channel that connects two or more devices.
Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.
A television advertisement (also called a television commercial, commercial or ad in American English, and known in British English as a TV advert or simply an advert) is a span of television programming produced and paid for by an organization.
A television channel is a broadcast frequency or virtual number over which a television station or television network is distributed.
A television licence or broadcast receiving licence is a payment required in many countries for the reception of television broadcasts, or the possession of a television set where some broadcasts are funded in full or in part by the licence fee paid.
Television receive-only (TVRO) is a term used chiefly in North America to refer to the reception of satellite television from FSS-type satellites, generally on C-band analog; free-to-air and unconnected to a commercial DBS provider.
A television set or television receiver, more commonly called a television, TV, TV set, or telly, is a device that combines a tuner, display, and loudspeakers for the purpose of viewing television.
A television show (often simply TV show) is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, cable, or internet and typically viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows.
Television studies is an academic discipline that deals with critical approaches to television.
Telstar is the name of various communications satellites.
Terrestrial or broadcast television is a type of television broadcasting in which the television signal is transmitted by radio waves from the terrestrial (Earth based) transmitter of a television station to a TV receiver having an antenna.
Texas Instruments Inc. (TI) is an American technology company that designs and manufactures semiconductors and various integrated circuits, which it sells to electronics designers and manufacturers globally.
The Biggest Loser is a reality television format which started with the American TV show The Biggest Loser in 2004.
The Crystal Palace was a cast-iron and plate-glass structure originally built in Hyde Park, London, to house the Great Exhibition of 1851.
The Daily Show is an American late-night talk and news satire television program.
The Journal of Human Resources is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering empirical microeconomics.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Osbournes is an American reality television program featuring the domestic life of heavy metal singer Ozzy Osbourne and his family.
The Simple Life is an American reality television series.
The Sopranos is an American crime drama television series created by David Chase.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
A thin-film transistor (TFT) is a special kind of field-effect transistor made by depositing thin films of an active semiconductor layer as well as the dielectric layer and metallic contacts over a supporting (but non-conducting) substrate.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
In telecommunications, transmission (abbreviations: TX, Xmit) is the process of sending and propagating an analogue or digital information signal over a physical point-to-point or point-to-multipoint transmission medium, either wired, optical fiber or wireless.
A tuner is a subsystem that receives radio frequency (RF) transmissions like radio broadcasts and converts the selected carrier frequency and its associated bandwidth into a fixed frequency that is suitable for further processing, usually because a lower frequency is used on the output.
Twin Peaks is an American mystery horror drama television series created by Mark Frost and David Lynch that premiered on April 8, 1990, on ABC.
UHF television broadcasting is the use of ultra high frequency (UHF) radio for over-the-air transmission of television signals.
Ultra-high-definition television (also known as Ultra HD television, Ultra HD, UHDTV, UHD and Super Hi-Vision) today includes 4K UHD and 8K UHD, which are two digital video formats that were first proposed by NHK Science & Technology Research Laboratories and later defined and approved by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is an agency in the U.S. Department of Commerce that issues patents to inventors and businesses for their inventions, and trademark registration for product and intellectual property identification.
The United States Secretary of Commerce (SecCom) is the head of the United States Department of Commerce.
A USB flash drive, also variously known as a thumb drive, pen drive, gig stick, flash stick, jump drive, disk key, disk on key (after the original M-Systems DiskOnKey drive from 2000), flash-drive, memory stick (not to be confused with the Sony Memory Stick), USB stick or USB memory, is a data storage device that includes flash memory with an integrated USB interface.
In electronics, a vacuum tube, an electron tube, or just a tube (North America), or valve (Britain and some other regions) is a device that controls electric current between electrodes in an evacuated container.
Very high frequency (VHF) is the ITU designation for the range of radio frequency electromagnetic waves (radio waves) from 30 to 300 megahertz (MHz), with corresponding wavelengths of ten to one meter.
The Video Home System (VHS) is a standard for consumer-level analog video recording on tape cassettes.
Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting, and display of moving visual media.
The video camera tube was a type of cathode ray tube used to capture the television image prior to the introduction of charge-coupled devices (CCDs) in the 1980s.
A video file format is a type of file format for storing digital video data on a computer system.
A video news release (VNR) is a video segment made to look like a news report, but is instead created by a PR firm, advertising agency, marketing firm, corporation, or government agency.
Video on demand is a programming system which allows users to select and watch/listen to video or audio content such as movies and TV shows whenever they choose, rather than at a scheduled broadcast time, the method that prevailed with over-the-air programming during the 20th century.
A video projector is an image projector that receives a video signal and projects the corresponding image on a projection screen using a lens system.
Videotape is magnetic tape used for storing video and usually sound in addition.
Vladimir Kosmich Zworykin (Влади́мир Козьми́ч Зворы́кин, Vladimir Koz'mich Zvorykin; July 29, 1982) was a Russian-born American inventor, engineer, and pioneer of television technology.
The War Production Board (WPB) was an agency of the United States government that supervised war production during World War II.
A waveform is the shape and form of a signal such as a wave moving in a physical medium or an abstract representation.
Web 2.0 refers to World Wide Web websites that emphasize user-generated content, usability (ease of use, even by non-experts), and interoperability (this means that a website can work well with other products, systems, and devices) for end users.
Web television is original television content produced for broadcast via the World Wide Web.
Western Electric Company (WE, WECo) was an American electrical engineering and manufacturing company that served as the primary supplier to AT&T from 1881 to 1996.
The Westinghouse Electric Corporation was an American manufacturing company.
WGY ("AM 810, 103.1 FM, NewsRadio WGY") is a commercial AM broadcasting station owned by iHeartMedia and licensed to Schenectady, New York.
Whippany is an unincorporated community located within Hanover Township in Morris County, New Jersey, United States.
William F. Schreiber (1925–2009) was an electrical engineer and professor emeritus of MIT.
Willoughby Smith (6 April 1828, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk – 17 July 1891, Eastbourne, Sussex) was an English electrical engineer who discovered the photoconductivity of the element selenium.
Wirephoto, telephotography or radiophoto is the sending of pictures by telegraph, telephone or radio.
WNBC, virtual channel 4 (digital channel 36 (sharing with WNJU)), is the flagship station of the NBC television network, licensed to New York City and serving the New York City metropolitan area. It is owned by the NBC Owned Television Stations subsidiary of NBCUniversal and operates as part of a television duopoly with WNJU (channel 47). WNBC's studios are co-located with NBC's corporate headquarters at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in Midtown Manhattan and its transmitter is located at One World Trade Center. WNBC holds the distinction as the oldest continuously operating commercial television station in the United States. In the few areas of the eastern United States where an NBC station is not receivable over-the-air, WNBC is available on satellite via DirecTV. It is also carried on certain cable providers in markets where an NBC affiliate is unavailable and Dish Network. DirecTV also allows subscribers in Greater Los Angeles to receive WNBC for an additional monthly fee.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
WRGB, virtual and VHF digital channel 6, is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Schenectady, New York, United States and serving New York's Capital District (Albany–Schenectady–Troy) as well as Berkshire County, Massachusetts.
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.
1080i (also known as Full HD or BT.709) is an abbreviation referring to a combination of frame resolution and scan type, used in high-definition television (HDTV) and high-definition video.
1080p (1920×1080 px; also known as '''Full HD''' or FHD and BT.709) is a set of HDTV high-definition video modes characterized by 1080 horizontal lines of vertical resolution; the p stands for progressive scan, i.e. non-interlaced.
16:9 (1.7:1) (16:9.
17.5 mm film was a film gauge for as many of eight types of motion picture film stock, generally created by splitting unperforated 35 mm film.
The 1939–40 New York World's Fair, which covered the of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park (also the location of the 1964–1965 New York World's Fair), was the second most expensive American world's fair of all time, exceeded only by St.
The American quiz show scandals of the 1950s were a series of revelations that contestants of several popular television quiz shows were secretly given assistance by the show's producers to arrange the outcome of an ostensibly fair competition.
2D-plus-Depth or also called 2D + Z format (not to be confused with 2D plus Delta or 2D-plus-DOT) is a Stereoscopic Video Coding format that is used for 3D displays, such as Philips WOWvx.
3D television (3DTV) is television that conveys depth perception to the viewer by employing techniques such as stereoscopic display, multi-view display, 2D-plus-depth, or any other form of 3D display.
The 405-line monochrome analogue television broadcasting system was the first fully electronic television system to be used in regular broadcasting.
480i is a shorthand name for the video mode used for standard-definition analog or digital television in Caribbean, Myanmar, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Philippines, Laos, Western Sahara, and most of the Americas (with the exception of Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay).
480p is the shorthand name for a family of video display resolutions.
576i is a standard-definition video mode originally used for broadcast television in most countries of the world where the utility frequency for electric power distribution is 50 Hz.
720p (1280×720 px; also called HD Ready or standard HD) is a progressive HDTV signal format with 720 horizontal lines and an aspect ratio (AR) of 16:9, normally known as widescreen HDTV (1.78:1).
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