Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Linguistics

Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context. [1]

242 relations: A language is a dialect with an army and navy, Affix, Agent (grammar), Alexander the Great, Alexandria, Ambiguity, Anthropological linguistics, Anthropology, Anthroponymy, Aphasiology, Applied linguistics, Articulatory phonology, Articulatory synthesis, Asemic writing, Axiom of categoricity, Émile Benveniste, Benjamin Lee Whorf, Biodiversity loss, Biolinguistics, Biosemiotics, Bound and unbound morphemes, Censorship, Charles F. Hockett, Cognitive grammar, Cognitive linguistics, Cognitive science, Communication disorder, Comparative linguistics, Comparative method, Computational linguistics, Computer-assisted translation, Computer-mediated communication, Concept mining, Conceptual metaphor, Consonant, Constructed language, Context (language use), Conversation, Cooperation, Corpus linguistics, Cratylus (dialogue), Critical discourse analysis, Cryptanalysis, Cultural evolution, Culture, Decipherment, Deconstructivism, Developmental linguistics, Dialect, Dictionary, ..., Dionysius Thrax, Discourse, Discourse analysis, Disjoint sets, Dongba, Ecolinguistics, Edward Sapir, Embodied cognition, Emergentism, Encyclopedia, Endangered language, English language, English language teaching, Etymology, Evolution, Evolutionary linguistics, Ferdinand de Saussure, First language, Focus (linguistics), Foreign language, Forensic linguistics, Forensic science, Formal grammar, Frame semantics (linguistics), Franz Boas, French language, Functional theories of grammar, Generative grammar, Genre, George Lakoff, Global language system, Google Translate, Grammar, Grammarian (Greco-Roman world), Graphemics, Greek language, Harry Hoijer, Historical linguistics, Homophone, Human brain, Human evolution, IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, India, Indo-European languages, Integrational linguistics, Integrationism, Intercultural competence, Interdisciplinarity, International Congress of Linguists, International Linguistics Olympiad, Interview, Irony, Jacob Grimm, Jacques Derrida, John Amos Comenius, Language, Language acquisition, Language attrition, Language death, Language documentation, Language education, Language geography, Language interpretation, Language module, Language planning, Langue and parole, Leo Weisgerber, Leonard Bloomfield, Lexical semantics, Lexicography, Lexicon, Lingua franca, Linguistic anthropology, Linguistic competence, Linguistic description, Linguistic imperialism, Linguistic performance, Linguistic prescription, Linguistic relativity, Linguistic typology, List of departments of linguistics, List of languages by writing system, List of summer schools of linguistics, Literary criticism, Louis Hjelmslev, Machine translation, Max Weinreich, Meaning (linguistics), Meta-communication, Michel Foucault, Microlinguistics, Middle Ages, Middle East, Mikhail Bakhtin, MIT Press, Mixed language, Morpheme, Morphology (linguistics), Musaeum, Narrative, Nationality, Natural language processing, Naxi language, Neologism, Neuroimaging, Neurolinguistics, Noam Chomsky, Object (grammar), Of Grammatology, Onomastics, Palaeography, Paradigm, Paradigmatic analysis, Pāṇini, Philology, Philosophy of language, Phoneme, Phonetics, Phonological rule, Phonology, Phraseology, Pictogram, Plato, Post-creole continuum, Pragmatics, Prague linguistic circle, Predicate (grammar), Psycholinguistics, Reading (process), Register (sociolinguistics), Rhetoric, Roger Ascham, Roman Jakobson, Ronald Langacker, Sanskrit, Satire, Semantics, Semiotics, Sentence (linguistics), Sibawayh, Sign (linguistics), Sign language, SIL International, Sociolinguistics, Sound change, Speaker recognition, Speech, Speech act, Speech community, Speech error, Speech processing, Speech recognition, Speech synthesis, Speech-language pathology, Spoken language, Standard language, Stratificational linguistics, Structural linguistics, Stylistics, Subject (grammar), Synchrony and diachrony, Syntagmatic analysis, Syntax, Terminal and nonterminal symbols, Text, Text (literary theory), Text linguistics, The Art of Grammar, Theoretical linguistics, Theta role, Topic and comment, Transcription (linguistics), Translation, Truth condition, Universal grammar, Utterance, Variety (linguistics), Vocabulary, Vowel, Walter de Gruyter, Wiki, Wilhelm von Humboldt, William Jones (philologist), Wolfgang Ratke, Word, World view, Writing, Writing and Difference, Writing system, Written language, Zellig Harris, Zoology. Expand index (192 more) »

A language is a dialect with an army and navy

"A language is a dialect with an army and navy" is a quipVictor H. Mair, The Columbia History of Chinese Literature, p. 24: "It has often been facetiously remarked...

New!!: Linguistics and A language is a dialect with an army and navy · See more »


In linguistics, an affix is a morpheme that is attached to a word stem to form a new word or word form.

New!!: Linguistics and Affix · See more »

Agent (grammar)

In linguistics, a grammatical agent is the thematic relation of the cause or initiator to an event.

New!!: Linguistics and Agent (grammar) · See more »

Alexander the Great

Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.

New!!: Linguistics and Alexander the Great · See more »


Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.

New!!: Linguistics and Alexandria · See more »


Ambiguity is a type of meaning in which several interpretations are plausible.

New!!: Linguistics and Ambiguity · See more »

Anthropological linguistics

Anthropological linguistics is the subfield of linguistics and anthropology, which deals with the place of language in its wider social and cultural context, and its role in making and maintaining cultural practices and societal structures.

New!!: Linguistics and Anthropological linguistics · See more »


Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.

New!!: Linguistics and Anthropology · See more »


Anthroponomastics (or anthroponymy) is the study of the names of human beings.

New!!: Linguistics and Anthroponymy · See more »


Aphasiology is the study of language impairment usually resulting from brain damage, due to neurovascular accident—hemorrhage, stroke—or associated with a variety of neurodegenerative diseases, including different types of dementia.

New!!: Linguistics and Aphasiology · See more »

Applied linguistics

Applied linguistics is an interdisciplinary field of linguistics which identifies, investigates, and offers solutions to language-related real-life problems.

New!!: Linguistics and Applied linguistics · See more »

Articulatory phonology

Articulatory phonology is a linguistic theory originally proposed in 1986 by Catherine Browman of Haskins Laboratories and Louis M. Goldstein of Yale University and Haskins.

New!!: Linguistics and Articulatory phonology · See more »

Articulatory synthesis

Articulatory synthesis refers to computational techniques for synthesizing speech based on models of the human vocal tract and the articulation processes occurring there.

New!!: Linguistics and Articulatory synthesis · See more »

Asemic writing

Asemic writing is a wordless open semantic form of writing.

New!!: Linguistics and Asemic writing · See more »

Axiom of categoricity

The axiom of categoricity is a term coined by J. K. Chambers in 1995 to refer to the once-widespread tenet of linguistic theory that in order to properly study language, linguistic data should be removed or abstracted from all real-world context so as to be free of any inconsistencies or variability.

New!!: Linguistics and Axiom of categoricity · See more »

Émile Benveniste

Émile Benveniste (27 March 1902 – 3 October 1976) was a French structural linguist and semiotician.

New!!: Linguistics and Émile Benveniste · See more »

Benjamin Lee Whorf

Benjamin Lee Whorf (April 24, 1897 – July 26, 1941) was an American linguist and fire prevention engineer.

New!!: Linguistics and Benjamin Lee Whorf · See more »

Biodiversity loss

Loss of biodiversity or biodiversity loss is the extinction of species (human, plant or animal) worldwide, and also the local reduction or loss of species in a certain habitat.

New!!: Linguistics and Biodiversity loss · See more »


Biolinguistics is the study of the biology and evolution of language.

New!!: Linguistics and Biolinguistics · See more »


Biosemiotics (from the Greek βίος bios, "life" and σημειωτικός sēmeiōtikos, "observant of signs) is a field of semiotics and biology that studies the prelinguistic meaning-making, or production and interpretation of signs and codes in the biological realm.

New!!: Linguistics and Biosemiotics · See more »

Bound and unbound morphemes

In morphology, a bound morpheme is a morpheme (the most basic unit of meaning) that can appear only as part of a larger word; a free morpheme or unbound morpheme is one that can stand alone or can appear with other morphemes in a lexeme.

New!!: Linguistics and Bound and unbound morphemes · See more »


Censorship is the suppression of speech, public communication, or other information, on the basis that such material is considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or "inconvenient" as determined by government authorities.

New!!: Linguistics and Censorship · See more »

Charles F. Hockett

Charles Francis Hockett (January 17, 1916 – November 3, 2000) was an American linguist who developed many influential ideas in American structuralist linguistics.

New!!: Linguistics and Charles F. Hockett · See more »

Cognitive grammar

Cognitive grammar is a cognitive approach to language developed by Ronald Langacker, which considers the basic units of language to be symbols or conventional pairings of a semantic structure with a phonological label.

New!!: Linguistics and Cognitive grammar · See more »

Cognitive linguistics

Cognitive linguistics (CL) is an interdisciplinary branch of linguistics, combining knowledge and research from both psychology and linguistics.

New!!: Linguistics and Cognitive linguistics · See more »

Cognitive science

Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary, scientific study of the mind and its processes.

New!!: Linguistics and Cognitive science · See more »

Communication disorder

A communication disorder is any disorder that affects an individual's ability to comprehend, detect, or apply language and speech to engage in discourse effectively with others.

New!!: Linguistics and Communication disorder · See more »

Comparative linguistics

Comparative linguistics (originally comparative philology) is a branch of historical linguistics that is concerned with comparing languages to establish their historical relatedness.

New!!: Linguistics and Comparative linguistics · See more »

Comparative method

In linguistics, the comparative method is a technique for studying the development of languages by performing a feature-by-feature comparison of two or more languages with common descent from a shared ancestor, in order to extrapolate back to infer the properties of that ancestor.

New!!: Linguistics and Comparative method · See more »

Computational linguistics

Computational linguistics is an interdisciplinary field concerned with the statistical or rule-based modeling of natural language from a computational perspective, as well as the study of appropriate computational approaches to linguistic questions.

New!!: Linguistics and Computational linguistics · See more »

Computer-assisted translation

Computer-assisted translation,computer-aided translation or CAT is a form of language translation in which a human translator uses computer hardware to support and facilitate the translation process.

New!!: Linguistics and Computer-assisted translation · See more »

Computer-mediated communication

Computer-mediated communication (CMC) is defined as any human communication that occurs through the use of two or more electronic devices.

New!!: Linguistics and Computer-mediated communication · See more »

Concept mining

Concept mining is an activity that results in the extraction of concepts from artifacts.

New!!: Linguistics and Concept mining · See more »

Conceptual metaphor

In cognitive linguistics, conceptual metaphor, or cognitive metaphor, refers to the understanding of one idea, or conceptual domain, in terms of another.

New!!: Linguistics and Conceptual metaphor · See more »


In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.

New!!: Linguistics and Consonant · See more »

Constructed language

A constructed language (sometimes called a conlang) is a language whose phonology, grammar, and vocabulary have been consciously devised for human or human-like communication, instead of having developed naturally.

New!!: Linguistics and Constructed language · See more »

Context (language use)

In semiotics, linguistics, sociology and anthropology, context refers to those objects or entities which surround a focal event, in these disciplines typically a communicative event, of some kind.

New!!: Linguistics and Context (language use) · See more »


Conversation is interactive communication between two or more people.

New!!: Linguistics and Conversation · See more »


Cooperation (sometimes written as co-operation) is the process of groups of organisms working or acting together for common, mutual, or some underlying benefit, as opposed to working in competition for selfish benefit.

New!!: Linguistics and Cooperation · See more »

Corpus linguistics

Corpus linguistics is the study of language as expressed in corpora (bodies) of "real world" text.

New!!: Linguistics and Corpus linguistics · See more »

Cratylus (dialogue)

Cratylus (Κρατύλος, Kratylos) is the name of a dialogue by Plato.

New!!: Linguistics and Cratylus (dialogue) · See more »

Critical discourse analysis

Critical discourse analysis (CDA) is an interdisciplinary approach to the study of discourse that views language as a form of social practice.

New!!: Linguistics and Critical discourse analysis · See more »


Cryptanalysis (from the Greek kryptós, "hidden", and analýein, "to loosen" or "to untie") is the study of analyzing information systems in order to study the hidden aspects of the systems.

New!!: Linguistics and Cryptanalysis · See more »

Cultural evolution

Cultural evolution is an evolutionary theory of social change.

New!!: Linguistics and Cultural evolution · See more »


Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.

New!!: Linguistics and Culture · See more »


In philology, decipherment is the discovery of the meaning of texts written in ancient or obscure languages or scripts.

New!!: Linguistics and Decipherment · See more »


Deconstructivism is a movement of postmodern architecture which appeared in the 1980s, which gives the impression of the fragmentation of the constructed building.

New!!: Linguistics and Deconstructivism · See more »

Developmental linguistics

Developmental linguistics is the study of the development of linguistic ability in an individual, particularly the acquisition of language in childhood.

New!!: Linguistics and Developmental linguistics · See more »


The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.

New!!: Linguistics and Dialect · See more »


A dictionary, sometimes known as a wordbook, is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions, usage, etymologies, pronunciations, translation, etc.

New!!: Linguistics and Dictionary · See more »

Dionysius Thrax

Dionysius Thrax (Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ,, Contemporary Koine:; 170–90 BC) was a Hellenistic grammarian and a pupil of Aristarchus of Samothrace.

New!!: Linguistics and Dionysius Thrax · See more »


Discourse (from Latin discursus, "running to and from") denotes written and spoken communications.

New!!: Linguistics and Discourse · See more »

Discourse analysis

Discourse analysis (DA), or discourse studies, is a general term for a number of approaches to analyze written, vocal, or sign language use, or any significant semiotic event.

New!!: Linguistics and Discourse analysis · See more »

Disjoint sets

In mathematics, two sets are said to be disjoint sets if they have no element in common.

New!!: Linguistics and Disjoint sets · See more »


The term dongba (Nakhi: ²dto¹mba) refers to priests of the Nakhi people of Southwest China, who are masters of traditional culture, literature and Dongba symbols.

New!!: Linguistics and Dongba · See more »


Ecolinguistics, or ecological linguistics, emerged in the 1990s as a new frame of study of linguistic research, widening sociolinguistics to take into account not only the social context in which language is embedded, but also the ecological context.

New!!: Linguistics and Ecolinguistics · See more »

Edward Sapir

Edward Sapir (January 26, 1884 – February 4, 1939) was a German anthropologist-linguist, who is widely considered to be one of the most important figures in the early development of the discipline of linguistics.

New!!: Linguistics and Edward Sapir · See more »

Embodied cognition

Embodied cognition is the theory that many features of cognition, whether human or otherwise, are shaped by aspects of the entire body of the organism.

New!!: Linguistics and Embodied cognition · See more »


In philosophy, emergentism is the belief in emergence, particularly as it involves consciousness and the philosophy of mind, and as it contrasts (or not) with reductionism.

New!!: Linguistics and Emergentism · See more »


An encyclopedia or encyclopaedia is a reference work or compendium providing summaries of information from either all branches of knowledge or from a particular field or discipline.

New!!: Linguistics and Encyclopedia · See more »

Endangered language

An endangered language, or moribund language, is a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speakers die out or shift to speaking another language.

New!!: Linguistics and Endangered language · See more »

English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

New!!: Linguistics and English language · See more »

English language teaching

English Language Teaching is based on the idea that the goal of language acquisition is communicative competence. It adopts concepts, techniques and methods in classroom for recognizing and managing the communicative needs of the language learners.

New!!: Linguistics and English language teaching · See more »


EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".

New!!: Linguistics and Etymology · See more »


Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.

New!!: Linguistics and Evolution · See more »

Evolutionary linguistics

Evolutionary linguistics is a subfield of psycholinguistics that studies the psychosocial and cultural factors involved in the origin of language and the development of linguistic universals.

New!!: Linguistics and Evolutionary linguistics · See more »

Ferdinand de Saussure

Ferdinand de Saussure (26 November 1857 – 22 February 1913) was a Swiss linguist and semiotician.

New!!: Linguistics and Ferdinand de Saussure · See more »

First language

A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.

New!!: Linguistics and First language · See more »

Focus (linguistics)

Focus (abbreviated) is a grammatical category that determines which part of the sentence contributes new, non-derivable, or contrastive information.

New!!: Linguistics and Focus (linguistics) · See more »

Foreign language

A foreign language is a language originally from another country.

New!!: Linguistics and Foreign language · See more »

Forensic linguistics

Forensic linguistics, legal linguistics, or language and the law, is the application of linguistic knowledge, methods and insights to the forensic context of law, language, crime investigation, trial, and judicial procedure.

New!!: Linguistics and Forensic linguistics · See more »

Forensic science

Forensic science is the application of science to criminal and civil laws, mainly—on the criminal side—during criminal investigation, as governed by the legal standards of admissible evidence and criminal procedure.

New!!: Linguistics and Forensic science · See more »

Formal grammar

In formal language theory, a grammar (when the context is not given, often called a formal grammar for clarity) is a set of production rules for strings in a formal language.

New!!: Linguistics and Formal grammar · See more »

Frame semantics (linguistics)

Frame semantics is a theory of linguistic meaning developed by Charles J. Fillmore that extends his earlier case grammar.

New!!: Linguistics and Frame semantics (linguistics) · See more »

Franz Boas

Franz Uri Boas (July 9, 1858December 21, 1942) was a German-American anthropologist and a pioneer of modern anthropology who has been called the "Father of American Anthropology".

New!!: Linguistics and Franz Boas · See more »

French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

New!!: Linguistics and French language · See more »

Functional theories of grammar

Functional theories of grammar are those approaches to the study of language that see functionality of language and its elements to be the key to understanding linguistic processes and structures.

New!!: Linguistics and Functional theories of grammar · See more »

Generative grammar

Generative grammar is a linguistic theory that regards grammar as a system of rules that generates exactly those combinations of words that form grammatical sentences in a given language.

New!!: Linguistics and Generative grammar · See more »


Genre is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed upon conventions developed over time.

New!!: Linguistics and Genre · See more »

George Lakoff

George P. Lakoff (born May 24, 1941) is an American cognitive linguist and philosopher, best known for his thesis that lives of individuals are significantly influenced by the central metaphors they use to explain complex phenomena.

New!!: Linguistics and George Lakoff · See more »

Global language system

The global language system is the "ingenious pattern of connections between language groups".

New!!: Linguistics and Global language system · See more »

Google Translate

Google Translate is a free multilingual machine translation service developed by Google, to translate text.

New!!: Linguistics and Google Translate · See more »


In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.

New!!: Linguistics and Grammar · See more »

Grammarian (Greco-Roman world)

In the Greco-Roman world, the grammarian (or grammaticus) was responsible for the second stage in the traditional education system, after a boy had learned his basic Greek and Latin.

New!!: Linguistics and Grammarian (Greco-Roman world) · See more »


Graphemics or graphematics is the linguistic study of writing systems and their basic components, i.e. graphemes.

New!!: Linguistics and Graphemics · See more »

Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

New!!: Linguistics and Greek language · See more »

Harry Hoijer

Harry Hoijer (September 6, 1904 – March 11, 1976) was a linguist and anthropologist who worked on primarily Athabaskan languages and culture.

New!!: Linguistics and Harry Hoijer · See more »

Historical linguistics

Historical linguistics, also called diachronic linguistics, is the scientific study of language change over time.

New!!: Linguistics and Historical linguistics · See more »


A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same (to varying extent) as another word but differs in meaning.

New!!: Linguistics and Homophone · See more »

Human brain

The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system.

New!!: Linguistics and Human brain · See more »

Human evolution

Human evolution is the evolutionary process that led to the emergence of anatomically modern humans, beginning with the evolutionary history of primates – in particular genus Homo – and leading to the emergence of Homo sapiens as a distinct species of the hominid family, the great apes.

New!!: Linguistics and Human evolution · See more »

IEEE Transactions on Information Theory

IEEE Transactions on Information Theory is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the IEEE Information Theory Society.

New!!: Linguistics and IEEE Transactions on Information Theory · See more »


India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

New!!: Linguistics and India · See more »

Indo-European languages

The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.

New!!: Linguistics and Indo-European languages · See more »

Integrational linguistics

Integrational Linguistics (IL) is a general approach to linguistics that has been developed by the German linguist Hans-Heinrich Lieb and others since the late 1960s.

New!!: Linguistics and Integrational linguistics · See more »


Integrationism (also known as integrational linguistics) is an approach in the theory of communication that emphasizes innovative participation by communicators within contexts and rejects rule-based models of language.

New!!: Linguistics and Integrationism · See more »

Intercultural competence

U.S. Military Academy Center for Languages, Cultures, and Regional Studies.

New!!: Linguistics and Intercultural competence · See more »


Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combining of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project).

New!!: Linguistics and Interdisciplinarity · See more »

International Congress of Linguists

The International Congress of Linguists (ICL) takes place every five years, under the governance of the Permanent International Committee of Linguists (PICL) / Comité International Permanent des Linguistes.

New!!: Linguistics and International Congress of Linguists · See more »

International Linguistics Olympiad

The International Linguistics Olympiad (IOL) is the fourth newest of a group of twelve International Science Olympiads.

New!!: Linguistics and International Linguistics Olympiad · See more »


An interview is a conversation where questions are asked and answers are given.

New!!: Linguistics and Interview · See more »


Irony, in its broadest sense, is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or event in which what appears, on the surface, to be the case, differs radically from what is actually the case.

New!!: Linguistics and Irony · See more »

Jacob Grimm

Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm (4 January 1785 – 20 September 1863) also known as Ludwig Karl, was a German philologist, jurist, and mythologist.

New!!: Linguistics and Jacob Grimm · See more »

Jacques Derrida

Jacques Derrida (born Jackie Élie Derrida;. See also. July 15, 1930 – October 9, 2004) was a French Algerian-born philosopher best known for developing a form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction, which he discussed in numerous texts, and developed in the context of phenomenology.

New!!: Linguistics and Jacques Derrida · See more »

John Amos Comenius

John Amos Comenius (Jan Amos Komenský; Johann Amos Comenius; Latinized: Ioannes Amos Comenius; 28 March 1592 – 15 November 1670) was a Czech philosopher, pedagogue and theologian from the Margraviate of Moravia"Clamores Eliae" he dedicated "To my lovely mother, Moravia, one of her faithful son...". Clamores Eliae, p.69, Kastellaun/Hunsrück: A. Henn, 1977.

New!!: Linguistics and John Amos Comenius · See more »


Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.

New!!: Linguistics and Language · See more »

Language acquisition

Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language, as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate.

New!!: Linguistics and Language acquisition · See more »

Language attrition

Language attrition is the process of losing a native, or first, language.

New!!: Linguistics and Language attrition · See more »

Language death

In linguistics, language death occurs when a language loses its last native speaker.

New!!: Linguistics and Language death · See more »

Language documentation

Language documentation (also: documentary linguistics) is a subfield of linguistics which aims to describe the grammar and use of human languages.

New!!: Linguistics and Language documentation · See more »

Language education

Language education refers to the process and practice of acquiring a second or foreign language.

New!!: Linguistics and Language education · See more »

Language geography

Language geography is the branch of human geography that studies the geographic distribution of language(s) or its constituent elements.

New!!: Linguistics and Language geography · See more »

Language interpretation

Interpretation or interpreting is a translational activity in which one produces a first and final translation on the basis of a one-time exposure to an utterance in a source language.

New!!: Linguistics and Language interpretation · See more »

Language module

The language module, also known as the "language faculty", is a hypothetical structure in the human brain or cognitive system that some psycholinguists such as Steven Pinker claim contains innate capacities for language.

New!!: Linguistics and Language module · See more »

Language planning

Language planning is a deliberate effort to influence the function, structure, or acquisition of languages or language variety within a speech community.

New!!: Linguistics and Language planning · See more »

Langue and parole

Langue (French, meaning "language") and parole (meaning "speaking") are linguistic terms distinguished by Ferdinand de Saussure in his Course in General Linguistics.

New!!: Linguistics and Langue and parole · See more »

Leo Weisgerber

Johann Leo Weisgerber (25 February 1899, Metz – 8 August 1985, Bonn) was a Lorraine-born German linguist who also specialized in Celtic linguistics.

New!!: Linguistics and Leo Weisgerber · See more »

Leonard Bloomfield

Leonard Bloomfield (April 1, 1887 – April 18, 1949) was an American linguist who led the development of structural linguistics in the United States during the 1930s and the 1940s.

New!!: Linguistics and Leonard Bloomfield · See more »

Lexical semantics

Lexical semantics (also known as lexicosemantics), is a subfield of linguistic semantics.

New!!: Linguistics and Lexical semantics · See more »


Lexicography is divided into two separate but equally important groups.

New!!: Linguistics and Lexicography · See more »


A lexicon, word-hoard, wordbook, or word-stock is the vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge (such as nautical or medical).

New!!: Linguistics and Lexicon · See more »

Lingua franca

A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.

New!!: Linguistics and Lingua franca · See more »

Linguistic anthropology

Linguistic anthropology is the interdisciplinary study of how language influences social life.

New!!: Linguistics and Linguistic anthropology · See more »

Linguistic competence

Linguistic competence is the system of linguistic knowledge possessed by native speakers of a language.

New!!: Linguistics and Linguistic competence · See more »

Linguistic description

In the study of language, description or descriptive linguistics is the work of objectively analyzing and describing how language is actually used (or how it was used in the past) by a group of people in a speech community.

New!!: Linguistics and Linguistic description · See more »

Linguistic imperialism

Linguistic imperialism, or language imperialism, is defined as "the transfer of a dominant language to other people".

New!!: Linguistics and Linguistic imperialism · See more »

Linguistic performance

The term linguistic performance was used by Noam Chomsky in 1960 to describe "the actual use of language in concrete situations".

New!!: Linguistics and Linguistic performance · See more »

Linguistic prescription

Linguistic prescription, or prescriptive grammar, is the attempt to lay down rules defining correct use of language.

New!!: Linguistics and Linguistic prescription · See more »

Linguistic relativity

The hypothesis of linguistic relativity holds that the structure of a language affects its speakers' world view or cognition.

New!!: Linguistics and Linguistic relativity · See more »

Linguistic typology

Linguistic typology is a field of linguistics that studies and classifies languages according to their structural and functional features.

New!!: Linguistics and Linguistic typology · See more »

List of departments of linguistics


New!!: Linguistics and List of departments of linguistics · See more »

List of languages by writing system

Below is a list of languages sorted by writing system (by alphabetical order).

New!!: Linguistics and List of languages by writing system · See more »

List of summer schools of linguistics

This is a list of summer schools of linguistics.

New!!: Linguistics and List of summer schools of linguistics · See more »

Literary criticism

Literary criticism (or literary studies) is the study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature.

New!!: Linguistics and Literary criticism · See more »

Louis Hjelmslev

Louis Trolle Hjelmslev (3 October 1899, Copenhagen – 30 May 1965, Copenhagen) was a Danish linguist whose ideas formed the basis of the Copenhagen School of linguistics.

New!!: Linguistics and Louis Hjelmslev · See more »

Machine translation

Machine translation, sometimes referred to by the abbreviation MT (not to be confused with computer-aided translation, machine-aided human translation (MAHT) or interactive translation) is a sub-field of computational linguistics that investigates the use of software to translate text or speech from one language to another.

New!!: Linguistics and Machine translation · See more »

Max Weinreich

Max Weinreich (22 April 1894 in Kuldīga, Russian Empire, now Latvia – 29 January 1969 in New York City, United States) was a Russian Jewish linguist, specializing in sociolinguistics and Yiddish, and the father of the linguist Uriel Weinreich, who edited the Modern Yiddish-English English-Yiddish Dictionary.

New!!: Linguistics and Max Weinreich · See more »

Meaning (linguistics)

In linguistics, meaning is the information or concepts that a sender intends to convey, or does convey, in communication with a receiver.

New!!: Linguistics and Meaning (linguistics) · See more »


Meta-communication - (Etymology: Gk, meta + L, communicare, to inform), or metacommunication, is a secondary communication (including indirect cues) about how a piece of information is meant to be interpreted.

New!!: Linguistics and Meta-communication · See more »

Michel Foucault

Paul-Michel Foucault (15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984), generally known as Michel Foucault, was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, and literary critic.

New!!: Linguistics and Michel Foucault · See more »


Microlinguistics is a branch of linguistics that concerns itself with the study of language systems in the abstract, without regard to the meaning or notional content of linguistic expressions.

New!!: Linguistics and Microlinguistics · See more »

Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

New!!: Linguistics and Middle Ages · See more »

Middle East

The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).

New!!: Linguistics and Middle East · See more »

Mikhail Bakhtin

Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin (Михаи́л Миха́йлович Бахти́н,; – 7 March 1975) was a Russian philosopher, literary critic, semiotician and scholar who worked on literary theory, ethics, and the philosophy of language.

New!!: Linguistics and Mikhail Bakhtin · See more »

MIT Press

The MIT Press is a university press affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States).

New!!: Linguistics and MIT Press · See more »

Mixed language

Although every language is mixed to some extent, by virtue of containing loanwords, it is a matter of controversy whether a term mixed language can meaningfully distinguish the contact phenomena of certain languages (such as those listed below) from the type of contact and borrowing seen in all languages.

New!!: Linguistics and Mixed language · See more »


A morpheme is the smallest grammatical unit in a language.

New!!: Linguistics and Morpheme · See more »

Morphology (linguistics)

In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.

New!!: Linguistics and Morphology (linguistics) · See more »


The Musaeum or Mouseion at Alexandria (Μουσεῖον τῆς Ἀλεξανδρείας), which included the famous Library of Alexandria, was an institution founded by Ptolemy I Soter or, perhaps more likely, by his son Ptolemy II Philadelphus.

New!!: Linguistics and Musaeum · See more »


A narrative or story is a report of connected events, real or imaginary, presented in a sequence of written or spoken words, or still or moving images, or both.

New!!: Linguistics and Narrative · See more »


Nationality is a legal relationship between an individual person and a state.

New!!: Linguistics and Nationality · See more »

Natural language processing

Natural language processing (NLP) is an area of computer science and artificial intelligence concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages, in particular how to program computers to process and analyze large amounts of natural language data.

New!!: Linguistics and Natural language processing · See more »

Naxi language

Naxi (autonym), also known as Nakhi, Nasi, Lomi, Moso, Mo-su, is a Sino-Tibetan language or group of languages spoken by some 310,000 people most of whom live in or around Lijiang City Yulong Naxi Autonomous County (Yùlóng Nàxīzú Zìzhìxiàn 玉龍納西族自治縣) of the province of Yunnan, China.

New!!: Linguistics and Naxi language · See more »


A neologism (from Greek νέο- néo-, "new" and λόγος lógos, "speech, utterance") is a relatively recent or isolated term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use, but that has not yet been fully accepted into mainstream language.

New!!: Linguistics and Neologism · See more »


Neuroimaging or brain imaging is the use of various techniques to either directly or indirectly image the structure, function/pharmacology of the nervous system.

New!!: Linguistics and Neuroimaging · See more »


Neurolinguistics is the study of the neural mechanisms in the human brain that control the comprehension, production, and acquisition of language.

New!!: Linguistics and Neurolinguistics · See more »

Noam Chomsky

Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic and political activist.

New!!: Linguistics and Noam Chomsky · See more »

Object (grammar)

Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject.

New!!: Linguistics and Object (grammar) · See more »

Of Grammatology

Of Grammatology (De la grammatologie) is a 1967 book by French philosopher Jacques Derrida that has been called a foundational text for deconstructive criticism.

New!!: Linguistics and Of Grammatology · See more »


Onomastics or onomatology is the study of the origin, history, and use of proper names.

New!!: Linguistics and Onomastics · See more »


Palaeography (UK) or paleography (US; ultimately from παλαιός, palaiós, "old", and γράφειν, graphein, "to write") is the study of ancient and historical handwriting (that is to say, of the forms and processes of writing, not the textual content of documents).

New!!: Linguistics and Palaeography · See more »


In science and philosophy, a paradigm is a distinct set of concepts or thought patterns, including theories, research methods, postulates, and standards for what constitutes legitimate contributions to a field.

New!!: Linguistics and Paradigm · See more »

Paradigmatic analysis

Paradigmatic analysis is the analysis of paradigms embedded in the text rather than of the surface structure (syntax) of the text which is termed syntagmatic analysis.

New!!: Linguistics and Paradigmatic analysis · See more »


(पाणिनि, Frits Staal (1965),, Philosophy East and West, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Apr., 1965), pp. 99-116) is an ancient Sanskrit philologist, grammarian, and a revered scholar in Hinduism.

New!!: Linguistics and Pāṇini · See more »


Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is a combination of literary criticism, history, and linguistics.

New!!: Linguistics and Philology · See more »

Philosophy of language

Philosophy of language explores the relationship between language and reality.

New!!: Linguistics and Philosophy of language · See more »


A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.

New!!: Linguistics and Phoneme · See more »


Phonetics (pronounced) is the branch of linguistics that studies the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.

New!!: Linguistics and Phonetics · See more »

Phonological rule

A phonological rule is a formal way of expressing a systematic phonological or morphophonological process or diachronic sound change in language.

New!!: Linguistics and Phonological rule · See more »


Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.

New!!: Linguistics and Phonology · See more »


In linguistics, phraseology is the study of set or fixed expressions, such as idioms, phrasal verbs, and other types of multi-word lexical units (often collectively referred to as phrasemes), in which the component parts of the expression take on a meaning more specific than or otherwise not predictable from the sum of their meanings when used independently.

New!!: Linguistics and Phraseology · See more »


A pictogram, also called a pictogramme, pictograph, or simply picto, and in computer usage an icon, is an ideogram that conveys its meaning through its pictorial resemblance to a physical object.

New!!: Linguistics and Pictogram · See more »


Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

New!!: Linguistics and Plato · See more »

Post-creole continuum

A post-creole continuum or simply creole continuum is a dialect continuum of varieties of a creole language between those most and least similar to the superstrate language (that is, a closely related language whose speakers assert dominance of some sort).

New!!: Linguistics and Post-creole continuum · See more »


Pragmatics is a subfield of linguistics and semiotics that studies the ways in which context contributes to meaning.

New!!: Linguistics and Pragmatics · See more »

Prague linguistic circle

The Prague school or Prague linguistic circle was an influential group of linguists, philologists and literary critics in Prague.

New!!: Linguistics and Prague linguistic circle · See more »

Predicate (grammar)

There are two competing notions of the predicate in theories of grammar.

New!!: Linguistics and Predicate (grammar) · See more »


Psycholinguistics or psychology of language is the study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, comprehend and produce language.

New!!: Linguistics and Psycholinguistics · See more »

Reading (process)

Reading is a complex "cognitive process" of decoding symbols in order to construct or derive meaning (reading comprehension).

New!!: Linguistics and Reading (process) · See more »

Register (sociolinguistics)

In linguistics, a register is a variety of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting.

New!!: Linguistics and Register (sociolinguistics) · See more »


Rhetoric is the art of discourse, wherein a writer or speaker strives to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations.

New!!: Linguistics and Rhetoric · See more »

Roger Ascham

Roger Ascham (c. 151530 December 1568)"Ascham, Roger" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica.

New!!: Linguistics and Roger Ascham · See more »

Roman Jakobson

Roman Osipovich Jakobson (Рома́н О́сипович Якобсо́н; October 11, 1896Kucera, Henry. 1983. "Roman Jakobson." Language: Journal of the Linguistic Society of America 59(4): 871–883. – July 18,, compiled by Stephen Rudy 1982) was a Russian–American linguist and literary theorist.

New!!: Linguistics and Roman Jakobson · See more »

Ronald Langacker

Ronald Wayne Langacker (born December 27, 1942) is an American linguist and professor emeritus at the University of California, San Diego.

New!!: Linguistics and Ronald Langacker · See more »


Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.

New!!: Linguistics and Sanskrit · See more »


Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government, or society itself into improvement.

New!!: Linguistics and Satire · See more »


Semantics (from σημαντικός sēmantikós, "significant") is the linguistic and philosophical study of meaning, in language, programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics.

New!!: Linguistics and Semantics · See more »


Semiotics (also called semiotic studies) is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.

New!!: Linguistics and Semiotics · See more »

Sentence (linguistics)

In non-functional linguistics, a sentence is a textual unit consisting of one or more words that are grammatically linked.

New!!: Linguistics and Sentence (linguistics) · See more »


Abū Bishr ʻAmr ibn ʻUthmān ibn Qanbar Al-Baṣrī (c. 760–796, أبو بشر عمرو بن عثمان بن قنبر البصري), commonly known as Sībawayh or Sībawayhi (سيبويه, an Arabized form of Middle Persian name Sēbōē, modern Persian pronunciation Sēbōya/Sībūye) was a Persian linguist and grammarian of Arabic language.

New!!: Linguistics and Sibawayh · See more »

Sign (linguistics)

A linguistic sign is a part of language used to indicate a being.

New!!: Linguistics and Sign (linguistics) · See more »

Sign language

Sign languages (also known as signed languages) are languages that use manual communication to convey meaning.

New!!: Linguistics and Sign language · See more »

SIL International

SIL International (formerly known as the Summer Institute of Linguistics) is a U.S.-based, worldwide, Christian non-profit organization, whose main purpose is to study, develop and document languages, especially those that are lesser-known, in order to expand linguistic knowledge, promote literacy, translate the Christian Bible into local languages, and aid minority language development.

New!!: Linguistics and SIL International · See more »


Sociolinguistics is the descriptive study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and society's effect on language.

New!!: Linguistics and Sociolinguistics · See more »

Sound change

Sound change includes any processes of language change that affect pronunciation (phonetic change) or sound system structures (phonological change).

New!!: Linguistics and Sound change · See more »

Speaker recognition

Speaker recognition is the identification of a person from characteristics of voices (voice biometrics).

New!!: Linguistics and Speaker recognition · See more »


Speech is the vocalized form of communication used by humans and some animals, which is based upon the syntactic combination of items drawn from the lexicon.

New!!: Linguistics and Speech · See more »

Speech act

A speech act in linguistics and the philosophy of language is an utterance that has performative function in language and communication.

New!!: Linguistics and Speech act · See more »

Speech community

A speech community is a group of people who share a set of linguistic norms and expectations regarding the use of language.

New!!: Linguistics and Speech community · See more »

Speech error

A speech error, commonly referred to as a slip of the tongue (Latin: lapsus linguae, or occasionally self-demonstratingly, lipsus languae) or misspeaking, is a deviation (conscious or unconscious) from the apparently intended form of an utterance.

New!!: Linguistics and Speech error · See more »

Speech processing

Speech processing is the study of speech signals and the processing methods of these signals.

New!!: Linguistics and Speech processing · See more »

Speech recognition

Speech recognition is the inter-disciplinary sub-field of computational linguistics that develops methodologies and technologies that enables the recognition and translation of spoken language into text by computers.

New!!: Linguistics and Speech recognition · See more »

Speech synthesis

Speech synthesis is the artificial production of human speech.

New!!: Linguistics and Speech synthesis · See more »

Speech-language pathology

Speech-language pathology is a field of expertise practiced by a clinician known as a speech-language pathologist (SLP), also sometimes referred to as a speech and language therapist or a speech therapist. SLP is considered a "related health profession" along with audiology, optometry, occupational therapy, clinical psychology, physical therapy, and others.

New!!: Linguistics and Speech-language pathology · See more »

Spoken language

A spoken language is a language produced by articulate sounds, as opposed to a written language.

New!!: Linguistics and Spoken language · See more »

Standard language

A standard language or standard variety may be defined either as a language variety used by a population for public purposes or as a variety that has undergone standardization.

New!!: Linguistics and Standard language · See more »

Stratificational linguistics

Stratificational linguistics is a view of linguistics advocated by Sydney Lamb.

New!!: Linguistics and Stratificational linguistics · See more »

Structural linguistics

Structural linguistics is an approach to linguistics originating from the work of Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure and is part of the overall approach of structuralism.

New!!: Linguistics and Structural linguistics · See more »


Stylistics, a branch of applied linguistics, is the study and interpretation of texts in regard to their linguistic and tonal style.

New!!: Linguistics and Stylistics · See more »

Subject (grammar)

The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'.

New!!: Linguistics and Subject (grammar) · See more »

Synchrony and diachrony

Synchrony and diachrony are two different and complementary viewpoints in linguistic analysis.

New!!: Linguistics and Synchrony and diachrony · See more »

Syntagmatic analysis

In semiotics, syntagmatic analysis is analysis of syntax or surface structure (syntagmatic structure) as opposed to paradigms (paradigmatic analysis).

New!!: Linguistics and Syntagmatic analysis · See more »


In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.

New!!: Linguistics and Syntax · See more »

Terminal and nonterminal symbols

In computer science, terminal and nonterminal symbols are the lexical elements used in specifying the production rules constituting a formal grammar.

New!!: Linguistics and Terminal and nonterminal symbols · See more »


A text (literary theory) is any object that can be read, including.

New!!: Linguistics and Text · See more »

Text (literary theory)

In literary theory, a text is any object that can be "read", whether this object is a work of literature, a street sign, an arrangement of buildings on a city block, or styles of clothing.

New!!: Linguistics and Text (literary theory) · See more »

Text linguistics

Text linguistics is a branch of linguistics that deals with texts as communication systems.

New!!: Linguistics and Text linguistics · See more »

The Art of Grammar

The Art of Grammar (Τέχνη Γραμματική or (romanized) Téchnē Grammatikḗ) is a treatise on Greek grammar, attributed to Dionysius Thrax, who wrote in the 2nd century BC.

New!!: Linguistics and The Art of Grammar · See more »

Theoretical linguistics

For|the journal|Theoretical Linguistics (journal) Multiple issues| one source|date.

New!!: Linguistics and Theoretical linguistics · See more »

Theta role

In generative grammar, a theta role or θ-role is the formal device for representing syntactic argument structure—the number and type of noun phrases—required syntactically by a particular verb.

New!!: Linguistics and Theta role · See more »

Topic and comment

In linguistics, the topic, or theme, of a sentence is what is being talked about, and the comment (rheme or focus) is what is being said about the topic.

New!!: Linguistics and Topic and comment · See more »

Transcription (linguistics)

Transcription in the linguistic sense is the systematic representation of language in written form.

New!!: Linguistics and Transcription (linguistics) · See more »


Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text.

New!!: Linguistics and Translation · See more »

Truth condition

In semantics and pragmatics, a truth condition is the condition under which a sentence is true.

New!!: Linguistics and Truth condition · See more »

Universal grammar

Universal grammar (UG) in linguistics, is the theory of the genetic component of the language faculty, usually credited to Noam Chomsky.

New!!: Linguistics and Universal grammar · See more »


In spoken language analysis, an utterance is the smallest unit of speech.

New!!: Linguistics and Utterance · See more »

Variety (linguistics)

In sociolinguistics a variety, also called a lect, is a specific form of a language or language cluster.

New!!: Linguistics and Variety (linguistics) · See more »


A vocabulary is a set of familiar words within a person's language.

New!!: Linguistics and Vocabulary · See more »


A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.

New!!: Linguistics and Vowel · See more »

Walter de Gruyter

Walter de Gruyter GmbH (or; brand name: De Gruyter) is a scholarly publishing house specializing in academic literature.

New!!: Linguistics and Walter de Gruyter · See more »


A wiki is a website on which users collaboratively modify content and structure directly from the web browser.

New!!: Linguistics and Wiki · See more »

Wilhelm von Humboldt

Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Karl Ferdinand von Humboldt (22 June 1767 – 8 April 1835) was a Prussian philosopher, linguist, government functionary, diplomat, and founder of the Humboldt University of Berlin, which was named after him in 1949 (and also after his younger brother, Alexander von Humboldt, a naturalist).

New!!: Linguistics and Wilhelm von Humboldt · See more »

William Jones (philologist)

Sir William Jones FRS FRSE (28 September 1746 – 27 April 1794) was an Anglo-Welsh philologist, a puisne judge on the Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William in Bengal, and a scholar of ancient India, particularly known for his proposition of the existence of a relationship among European and Indian languages, which would later be known as Indo-European languages.

New!!: Linguistics and William Jones (philologist) · See more »

Wolfgang Ratke

Wolfgang Ratke (also Wolfgangus Ratichius or Wolfgang Ratich) (18 October 1571 – 27 April 1635) was a German educational reformer.

New!!: Linguistics and Wolfgang Ratke · See more »


In linguistics, a word is the smallest element that can be uttered in isolation with objective or practical meaning.

New!!: Linguistics and Word · See more »

World view

A world view or worldview is the fundamental cognitive orientation of an individual or society encompassing the whole of the individual's or society's knowledge and point of view.

New!!: Linguistics and World view · See more »


Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language and emotion with signs and symbols.

New!!: Linguistics and Writing · See more »

Writing and Difference

Writing and Difference (L'écriture et la différence) is a book by French philosopher Jacques Derrida, collecting some of the early lectures and essays that established his international fame.

New!!: Linguistics and Writing and Difference · See more »

Writing system

A writing system is any conventional method of visually representing verbal communication.

New!!: Linguistics and Writing system · See more »

Written language

A written language is the representation of a spoken or gestural language by means of a writing system.

New!!: Linguistics and Written language · See more »

Zellig Harris

Zellig Sabbettai Harris (October 23, 1909 – May 22, 1992) was a very influential American linguist, mathematical syntactician, and methodologist of science.

New!!: Linguistics and Zellig Harris · See more »


Zoology or animal biology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.

New!!: Linguistics and Zoology · See more »

Redirects here:

Glossology, Language science, Language specialist, Language studies, Lingistics, Linguism, Linguist, Linguistic, Linguistic layer, Linguistic layers, Linguistic science, Linguistic scientist, LinguisticS, Linguistically, Linguistics and Languages, Linguistics layer, Linguistics layers, Linguists, Linguistsics, Linguithtics, Lingustics, Statistical linguistics, Study of language, Verbal communication.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linguistics

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »