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ICD-10 Chapter VII: Diseases of the eye, adnexa

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ICD-10 is an international statistical classification used in health care and related industries. [1]

174 relations: Accessory visual structures, Accommodation (eye), Achromatopsia, Acute (medicine), Amblyopia, Aniseikonia, Anisometropia, Anopsia, Anterior chamber of eyeball, Aphakia, Arcus senilis, Argyll Robertson pupil, Astigmatism, Band keratopathy, Binasal hemianopsia, Binocular vision, Bitemporal hemianopsia, Blepharitis, Blepharochalasis, Blepharophimosis, Brown's syndrome, Bullous keratopathy, Cataract, Central retinal artery occlusion, Central retinal vein occlusion, Central serous retinopathy, Chalazion, Chorioretinitis, Choroid, Choroideremia, Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia, Ciliary body, Color blindness, Congenital fourth nerve palsy, Conjugate gaze palsy, Conjunctiva, Conjunctivitis, Convergence insufficiency, Cornea, Corneal abrasion, Corneal dystrophy, Corneal neovascularization, Cutaneous condition, Cyclotropia, Cyst, Dacryoadenitis, Dacryocystitis, Degenerative disease, Deposit account, Diplopia, ..., Dry eye syndrome, Duane syndrome, Ectopia lentis, Ectropion, Endophthalmitis, Enophthalmos, Entropion, Epiphora (medicine), Episcleritis, Esophoria, Esotropia, Exophoria, Exophthalmos, Exotropia, Eye disease, Eye injury, Eye strain, Eyelid, Far-sightedness, Floater, Fourth nerve palsy, Fuchs spot, Fuchs' dystrophy, Glaucoma, Globe, H6, Health care, Hemeralopia, Herpesviridae, Heterochromia iridum, Heterophoria, Hollenhorst plaque, Human eye, Hypertensive retinopathy, Hypertropia, Hyphema, ICD-10, Inflammation, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Internuclear ophthalmoplegia, Interstitial keratitis, Intraocular hemorrhage, Iridodialysis, Iris (anatomy), Kayser–Fleischer ring, Kearns–Sayre syndrome, Keratitis, Keratoconjunctivitis, Keratoconus, Krukenberg's spindle, Lacrimal apparatus, Lacrimal gland, Lagophthalmos, Lens (anatomy), List of ICD-9 codes 360–389: diseases of the sense organs, Macula of retina, Macular degeneration, Magnetism, Medical classification, Medication, Metamorphopsia, Miosis, Monofixation syndrome, Mydriasis, Near-sightedness, Nyctalopia, Nystagmus, Ocular hypertension, Ocular ischemic syndrome, Oculomotor nerve palsy, Opacities, Ophthalmoparesis, Optic disc, Optic disc drusen, Optic nerve, Optic neuritis, Optic neuropathy, Orbit, Panophthalmitis, Papilledema, Parasitic disease, Persistent pupillary membrane, Photokeratitis, Photophobia, Phthisis bulbi, Posterior pole, Presbyopia, Pterygium, Ptosis (eyelid), Pupil, Red eye (medicine), Refraction, Retinal, Retinal detachment, Retinal haemorrhage, Retinitis, Retinitis pigmentosa, Retinopathy, Retinopathy of prematurity, Retinoschisis, Rubeosis iridis, Scintillating scotoma, Sclera, Scleritis, Scotoma, Sixth nerve palsy, Stenosis, Strabismus, Stye, Subconjunctival hemorrhage, Symblepharon, Synechia (eye), Syphilis, Systemic inflammation, Trichiasis, Uveitis, Vascular disease, Vision disorder, Visual field, Visual impairment, Visual system, Vitreous body, World Health Organization, Xanthelasma. Expand index (124 more) »

Accessory visual structures

Accessory visual structures are the adnexa of the eye, including the eyebrow, eyelids, and lacrimal apparatus.

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Accommodation (eye)

Accommodation is the process by which the vertebrate eye changes optical power to maintain a clear image or focus on an object as its distance varies.

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Achromatopsia

Achromatopsia (ACHM), also known as total color blindness, is a medical syndrome that exhibits symptoms relating to at least five conditions.

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Acute (medicine)

In medicine, describing a disease as acute denotes that it is of short duration and, as a corollary of that, of recent onset.

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Amblyopia

Amblyopia, also called lazy eye, is a disorder of sight due to the eye and brain not working well together.

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Aniseikonia

Aniseikonia is an ocular condition where there is a significant difference in the perceived size of images.

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Anisometropia

Anisometropia is the condition in which the two eyes have unequal refractive power.

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Anopsia

An anopsia or anopia is a defect in the visual field.

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Anterior chamber of eyeball

The anterior chamber (AC) is the fluid-filled space inside the eye between the iris and the cornea's innermost surface, the endothelium.

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Aphakia

Aphakia is the absence of the lens of the eye, due to surgical removal, a perforating wound or ulcer, or congenital anomaly.

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Arcus senilis

Arcus senilis is an old age syndrome where there is a white, grey, or blue opaque ring in the corneal margin (peripheral corneal opacity), or white ring in front of the periphery of the iris.

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Argyll Robertson pupil

Argyll Robertson pupils (AR pupils or, colloquially, "prostitute's pupils") are bilateral small pupils that reduce in size on a near object (i.e., they accommodate), but do not constrict when exposed to bright light (i.e., they do not react to light).

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Astigmatism

Astigmatism is a type of refractive error in which the eye does not focus light evenly on the retina.

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Band keratopathy

Band keratopathy is a corneal disease derived from the appearance of calcium on the central cornea.

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Binasal hemianopsia

Paris as seen with full visual fields Binasal hemianopsia (or binasal hemianopia) is the medical description of a type of partial blindness where vision is missing in the inner half of both the right and left visual field.

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Binocular vision

In biology, binocular vision is a type of vision in which an animal having two eyes is able to perceive a single three-dimensional image of its surroundings.

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Bitemporal hemianopsia

Bitemporal hemianopsia, also known as bitemporal heteronymous hemianopsia or bitemporal hemianopia, is the medical description of a type of partial blindness where vision is missing in the outer half of both the right and left visual field.

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Blepharitis

Blepharitis is one of the most common ocular conditions characterized by inflammation, scaling, reddening, and crusting of the eyelid.

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Blepharochalasis

Blepharochalasis is an inflammation of the eyelid that is characterized by exacerbations and remissions of eyelid edema, which results in a stretching and subsequent atrophy of the eyelid tissue, leading to the formation of redundant folds over the lid margins.

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Blepharophimosis

Blepharophimosis is a congenital condition characterized by a horizontally narrow palpebral fissure.

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Brown's syndrome

Brown's syndrome is a rare form of strabismus characterized by limited elevation of the affected eye.

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Bullous keratopathy

Bullous keratopathy is a pathological condition in which small vesicles, or bullae, are formed in the cornea due to endothelial dysfunction.

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Cataract

A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye which leads to a decrease in vision.

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Central retinal artery occlusion

Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is a disease of the eye where the flow of blood through the central retinal artery is blocked (occluded).

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Central retinal vein occlusion

The central retinal vein is the venous equivalent of the central retinal artery and, like that blood vessel, it can suffer from occlusion (central retinal vein occlusion, also CRVO), similar to that seen in ocular ischemic syndrome.

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Central serous retinopathy

Central serous retinopathy (CSR), also known as central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC or CSCR), is an eye disease which causes visual impairment, often temporary, usually in one eye.

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Chalazion

Chalazion is a cyst in the eyelid due to a blocked oil gland.

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Chorioretinitis

Chorioretinitis is an inflammation of the choroid (thin pigmented vascular coat of the eye) and retina of the eye.

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Choroid

The choroid, also known as the choroidea or choroid coat, is the vascular layer of the eye, containing connective tissues, and lying between the retina and the sclera.

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Choroideremia

Choroideremia (CHM) is a rare, X-linked recessive form of hereditary retinal degeneration that affects roughly 1 in 50,000 males.

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Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia

Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO), also known as progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO), is a type of eye disorder characterized by slowly progressive inability to move the eyes and eyebrows.

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Ciliary body

The ciliary body is a part of the eye that includes the ciliary muscle, which controls the shape of the lens, and the ciliary epithelium, which produces the aqueous humor.

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Color blindness

Color blindness, also known as color vision deficiency, is the decreased ability to see color or differences in color.

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Congenital fourth nerve palsy

*For acquired fourth nerve palsy, see fourth nerve palsy Congenital fourth nerve palsy is a condition present at birth characterized by a vertical misalignment of the eyes due to a weakness or paralysis of the superior oblique muscle.

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Conjugate gaze palsy

Conjugate gaze palsies are neurological disorders affecting the ability to move both eyes in the same direction.

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Conjunctiva

The conjunctiva lines the inside of the eyelids and covers the sclera (the white of the eye).

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Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is inflammation of the outermost layer of the white part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelid.

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Convergence insufficiency

Convergence insufficiency or convergence disorder is a sensory and neuromuscular anomaly of the binocular vision system, characterized by a reduced ability of the eyes to turn towards each other, or sustain convergence.

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Cornea

The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber.

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Corneal abrasion

Corneal abrasion is a scratch to the surface of the cornea of the eye.

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Corneal dystrophy

Corneal dystrophy is a group of rare hereditary disorders characterised by bilateral abnormal deposition of substances in the transparent front part of the eye called the cornea.

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Corneal neovascularization

Corneal neovascularization (CNV) is the in-growth of new blood vessels from the pericorneal plexus into avascular corneal tissue as a result of oxygen deprivation.

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Cutaneous condition

A cutaneous condition is any medical condition that affects the integumentary system—the organ system that encloses the body and includes skin, hair, nails, and related muscle and glands.

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Cyclotropia

Cyclotropia is a form of strabismus in which, compared to the correct positioning of the eyes, there is a torsion of one eye (or both) about the eye's visual axis.

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Cyst

A cyst is a closed sac, having a distinct membrane and division compared with the nearby tissue.

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Dacryoadenitis

Dacryoadenitis is inflammation of the lacrimal glands (the tear-producing glands).

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Dacryocystitis

Dacryocystitis is an infection of the lacrimal sac, secondary to obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct at the junction of lacrimal sac.

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Degenerative disease

Degenerative disease is the result of a continuous process based on degenerative cell changes, affecting tissues or organs, which will increasingly deteriorate over time, whether due to normal bodily wear or lifestyle choices such as exercise or eating habits.

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Deposit account

A deposit account is a savings account, current account or any other type of bank account that allows money to be deposited and withdrawn by the account holder.

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Diplopia

Diplopia, commonly known as double vision, is the simultaneous perception of two images of a single object that may be displaced horizontally, vertically, diagonally (i.e., both vertically and horizontally), or rotationally in relation to each other.

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Dry eye syndrome

Dry eye syndrome (DES), also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), is the condition of having dry eyes.

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Duane syndrome

Duane syndrome is a congenital rare type of strabismus most commonly characterized by the inability of the eye to move outwards.

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Ectopia lentis

Ectopia lentis is a displacement or malposition of the eye's crystalline lens from its normal location.

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Ectropion

Ectropion is a medical condition in which the lower eyelid turns outwards.

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Endophthalmitis

Endophthalmitis is an inflammation of the interior of the eye.

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Enophthalmos

Enophthalmos is the posterior displacement of the eyeball within the orbit due to changes in the volume of the orbit (bone) relative to its contents (the eyeball and orbital fat), or loss of function of the orbitalis muscle.

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Entropion

Entropion is a medical condition in which the eyelid (usually the lower lid) folds inward.

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Epiphora (medicine)

Epiphora is an overflow of tears onto the face.

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Episcleritis

Episcleritis is a benign, self-limiting inflammatory disease affecting part of the eye called the episclera.

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Esophoria

Esophoria is an eye condition involving inward deviation of the eye, usually due to extra-ocular muscle imbalance.

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Esotropia

Esotropia is a form of strabismus in which one or both eyes turns inward.

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Exophoria

Exophoria is a form of heterophoria in which there is a tendency of the eyes to deviate outward.

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Exophthalmos

Exophthalmos (also called exophthalmus, exophthalmia, proptosis, or exorbitism) is a bulging of the eye anteriorly out of the orbit.

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Exotropia

Exotropia is a form of strabismus where the eyes are deviated outward.

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Eye disease

This is a partial list of human eye diseases and disorders.

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Eye injury

Physical or chemical injuries of the eye can be a serious threat to vision if not treated appropriately and in a timely fashion.

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Eye strain

Eye strain, also known as asthenopia (from Greek asthen-opia, ἀσθεν-ωπία, "weak-eye-condition"), is an eye condition that manifests through nonspecific symptoms such as fatigue, pain in or around the eyes, blurred vision, headache, and occasional double vision.

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Eyelid

An eyelid is a thin fold of skin that covers and protects the human eye.

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Far-sightedness

Far-sightedness, also known as hyperopia, is a condition of the eye in which light is focused behind, instead of on, the retina.

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Floater

Floaters are deposits of various size, shape, consistency, refractive index, and motility within the eye's vitreous humour, which is normally transparent.

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Fourth nerve palsy

Fourth cranial nerve palsy also known as Trochlear nerve palsy, is a condition affecting Cranial Nerve 4 (IV), the Trochlear Nerve, which is one of the Cranial Nerves that causes weakness or paralysis to the Superior Oblique Muscle that it innervates.

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Fuchs spot

The Fuchs spot, or sometimes Gokul-Fuchs' retinal spot, is a degeneration of the macula in case of high myopia.

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Fuchs' dystrophy

Fuchs' dystrophy, also referred to as Fuchs' corneal endothelial dystrophy (FCED) and Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy (FED), is a slowly progressing corneal dystrophy that usually affects both eyes and is slightly more common in women than in men.

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Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve and vision loss.

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Globe

A globe is a spherical model of Earth, of some other celestial body, or of the celestial sphere.

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H6

H6, H06, or H-6 may refer to.

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Health care

Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.

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Hemeralopia

Hemeralopia (from Greek ημέρα hemera, "day", and αλαός alaos, "blindness") is the inability to see clearly in bright light and is the exact opposite of nyctalopia (night blindness), the inability to see clearly in low light.

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Herpesviridae

Herpesviridae is a large family of DNA viruses that cause diseases in animals, including humans.

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Heterochromia iridum

Heterochromia is a difference in coloration, usually of the iris but also of hair or skin.

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Heterophoria

Heterophoria is an eye condition in which the directions that the eyes are pointing at rest position, when not performing binocular fusion, are not the same as each other, or, "not straight".

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Hollenhorst plaque

A Hollenhorst plaque a.k.a. "Eickenhorst plaque" is a cholesterol embolus that is seen in a blood vessel of the retina.

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Human eye

The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure.

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Hypertensive retinopathy

Hypertensive retinopathy is damage to the retina and retinal circulation due to high blood pressure (i.e. hypertension).

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Hypertropia

Hypertropia is a condition of misalignment of the eyes (strabismus), whereby the visual axis of one eye is higher than the fellow fixating eye.

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Hyphema

Hyphema (or hyphaema, see spelling differences) is blood in the front (anterior) chamber of the eye.

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ICD-10

ICD-10 is the 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), a medical classification list by the World Health Organization (WHO).

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Inflammation

Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.

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International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems

The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the international "standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes." Its full official name is International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. The ICD is maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO), the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations System.

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Internuclear ophthalmoplegia

Internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) is a disorder of conjugate lateral gaze in which the affected eye shows impairment of adduction.

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Interstitial keratitis

Interstitial keratitis (IK) is corneal scarring due to chronic inflammation of the corneal stroma.

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Intraocular hemorrhage

Intraocular hemorrhage (sometimes hemophthalmos or hemophthalmia) is bleeding (hemorrhage) into the eyeball (oculus in Latin. It may be the result of physical trauma (direct injury to the eye) or medical illness. Severe hemorrhage, particularly when leading to rising pressure inside the eye, may lead to blindness.

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Iridodialysis

Iridodialysis, sometimes known as a coredialysis, is a localized separation or tearing away of the iris from its attachment to the ciliary body.

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Iris (anatomy)

In humans and most mammals and birds, the iris (plural: irides or irises) is a thin, circular structure in the eye, responsible for controlling the diameter and size of the pupil and thus the amount of light reaching the retina.

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Kayser–Fleischer ring

Kayser–Fleischer rings (KF rings) are dark rings that appear to encircle the iris of the eye.

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Kearns–Sayre syndrome

Kearns–Sayre syndrome (KSS) is a mitochondrial myopathy with a typical onset before 20 years of age.

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Keratitis

Keratitis is a condition in which the eye's cornea, the clear dome on the front surface of the eye, becomes inflamed.

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Keratoconjunctivitis

Keratoconjunctivitis is inflammation ("-itis") of the cornea and conjunctiva.

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Keratoconus

Keratoconus (KC) is a disorder of the eye which results in progressive thinning of the cornea.

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Krukenberg's spindle

Krukenberg's spindle is the name given to the pattern formed on the inner surface of the cornea by pigmented iris cells that are shed during the mechanical rubbing of posterior pigment layer of the iris with the zonular fibrils that are deposited as a result of the currents of the aqueous humor.

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Lacrimal apparatus

The lacrimal apparatus is the physiological system containing the orbital structures for tear production and drainage.

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Lacrimal gland

The lacrimal glands are paired, almond-shaped exocrine glands, one for each eye, that secrete the aqueous layer of the tear film.

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Lagophthalmos

Lagophthalmos is the inability to close the eyelids completely.

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Lens (anatomy)

The lens is a transparent, biconvex structure in the eye that, along with the cornea, helps to refract light to be focused on the retina.

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List of ICD-9 codes 360–389: diseases of the sense organs

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Macula of retina

The macula or macula lutea is an oval-shaped pigmented area near the center of the retina of the human eye and some other animalian eyes.

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Macular degeneration

Macular degeneration, also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD or ARMD), is a medical condition which may result in blurred or no vision in the center of the visual field.

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Magnetism

Magnetism is a class of physical phenomena that are mediated by magnetic fields.

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Medical classification

Medical classification, or medical coding, is the process of transforming descriptions of medical diagnoses and procedures into universal medical code numbers.

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Medication

A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.

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Metamorphopsia

Metamorphopsia is a type of distorted vision in which a grid of straight lines appears wavy and parts of the grid may appear blank.

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Miosis

Miosis is excessive constriction of the pupil.

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Monofixation syndrome

Monofixation syndrome (MFS) (also: microtropia or microstrabismus) is an eye condition defined by less-than-perfect binocular vision.

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Mydriasis

Mydriasis is the dilation of the pupil, usually having a non-physiological cause, or sometimes a physiological pupillary response.

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Near-sightedness

Near-sightedness, also known as short-sightedness and myopia, is a condition of the eye where light focuses in front of, instead of on, the retina.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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Nyctalopia

Nyctalopia, also called night-blindness, is a condition making it difficult or impossible to see in relatively low light.

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Nystagmus

Nystagmus is a condition of involuntary (or voluntary, in rare cases) eye movement, acquired in infancy or later in life, that may result in reduced or limited vision.

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Ocular hypertension

Ocular hypertension is the presence of elevated fluid pressure inside the eye (intraocular pressure), usually with no optic nerve damage or visual field loss.

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Ocular ischemic syndrome

Ocular ischemic syndrome is the constellation of ocular signs and symptoms secondary to severe, chronic arterial hypoperfusion to the eye.

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Oculomotor nerve palsy

Oculomotor nerve palsy or third nerve palsy is an eye condition resulting from damage to the third cranial nerve or a branch thereof.

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Opacities

Opacities is the fourth EP by British progressive metal band SikTh.

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Ophthalmoparesis

Ophthalmoparesis or ophthalmoplegia refers to weakness (-paresis) or paralysis (-plegia) of one or more extraocular muscles which are responsible for eye movements.

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Optic disc

The optic disc or optic nerve head is the point of exit for ganglion cell axons leaving the eye.

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Optic disc drusen

Optic disc drusen (ODD) or optic nerve head drusen (ONHD) are globules of mucoproteins and mucopolysaccharides that progressively calcify in the optic disc.

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Optic nerve

The optic nerve, also known as cranial nerve II, is a paired nerve that transmits visual information from the retina to the brain.

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Optic neuritis

Optic neuritis is a demyelinating inflammation of the optic nerve.

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Optic neuropathy

Optic neuropathy is damage to the optic nerve from any cause.

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Orbit

In physics, an orbit is the gravitationally curved trajectory of an object, such as the trajectory of a planet around a star or a natural satellite around a planet.

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Panophthalmitis

Panophthalmitis is the inflammation of all coats of the animal eye including intraocular structures.

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Papilledema

Papilledema (or papilloedema) is optic disc swelling that is caused by increased intracranial pressure due to any cause.

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Parasitic disease

A parasitic disease, also known as parasitosis, is an infectious disease caused or transmitted by a parasite.

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Persistent pupillary membrane

Persistent pupillary membrane (PPM) is a condition of the eye involving remnants of a fetal membrane that persist as strands of tissue crossing the pupil.

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Photokeratitis

Photokeratitis or ultraviolet keratitis is a painful eye condition caused by exposure of insufficiently protected eyes to the ultraviolet (UV) rays from either natural (e.g. intense sunlight) or artificial (e.g. the electric arc during welding) sources.

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Photophobia

Photophobia is a symptom of abnormal intolerance to visual perception of light.

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Phthisis bulbi

Phthisis bulbi is a shrunken, non-functional eye.

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Posterior pole

In ophthalmology, the posterior pole is the back of the eye, usually referring to the retina between the optic disc and the macula.

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Presbyopia

Presbyopia is a condition associated with the aging of the eye that results in progressively worsening ability to focus clearly on close objects.

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Pterygium

Pterygium refers to any winglike triangular membrane occurring in the neck, eyes, knees, elbows, ankles or digits.

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Ptosis (eyelid)

Ptosis (/ˈtoʊsɪs/) is a drooping or falling of the upper eyelid.

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Pupil

The pupil is a hole located in the center of the iris of the eye that allows light to strike the retina.

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Red eye (medicine)

A red eye is an eye that appears red due to illness or injury.

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Refraction

Refraction is the change in direction of wave propagation due to a change in its transmission medium.

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Retinal

Retinal is also known as retinaldehyde.

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Retinal detachment

Retinal detachment is a disorder of the eye in which the retina separates from the layer underneath.

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Retinal haemorrhage

Retinal hemorrhage is a disorder of the eye in which bleeding occurs into the light sensitive tissue on the back wall of the eye.

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Retinitis

Retinitis is inflammation of the retina in the eye, which can permanently damage the retina and lead to blindness.

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Retinitis pigmentosa

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a genetic disorder of the eyes that causes loss of vision.

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Retinopathy

Retinopathy is any damage to the retina of the eyes, which may cause vision impairment.

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Retinopathy of prematurity

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), also called retrolental fibroplasia (RLF) and Terry syndrome, is a disease of the eye affecting prematurely born babies generally having received intensive neonatal care, in which oxygen therapy is used on them due to the premature development of their lungs.

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Retinoschisis

Retinoschisis is an eye disease characterized by the abnormal splitting of the retina's neurosensory layers, usually in the outer plexiform layer.

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Rubeosis iridis

Rubeosis iridis, also called neovascularization of the iris (NVI), is a medical condition of the iris of the eye in which new abnormal blood vessels (formed by neovascularization) are found on the surface of the iris.

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Scintillating scotoma

Scintillating scotoma, also called visual migraine, is the most common visual aura preceding migraine and was first described by 19th-century physician Hubert Airy (1838–1903).

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Sclera

The sclera, also known as the white of the eye, is the opaque, fibrous, protective, outer layer of the human eye containing mainly collagen and some elastic fiber.

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Scleritis

Scleritis is a serious inflammatory disease that affects the white outer coating of the eye, known as the sclera.

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Scotoma

A scotoma (Greek σκότος/skótos, darkness; plural: scotomas or scotomata) is an area of partial alteration in the field of vision consisting of a partially diminished or entirely degenerated visual acuity that is surrounded by a field of normal – or relatively well-preserved – vision.

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Sixth nerve palsy

Sixth nerve palsy, or abducens nerve palsy, is a disorder associated with dysfunction of cranial nerve VI (the abducens nerve), which is responsible for causing contraction of the lateral rectus muscle to abduct (i.e., turn out) the eye.

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Stenosis

A stenosis is an abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure.

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Strabismus

Strabismus, also known as crossed eyes, is a condition in which the eyes do not properly align with each other when looking at an object.

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Stye

A stye, also known as a hordeolum, is a bacterial infection of an oil gland in the eyelid.

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Subconjunctival hemorrhage

(Top) A stress induced subconjunctival hemorrhage in the left eye one week after hemorrhaging. (Bottom) Same hemorrhage four weeks after hemorrhaging. Some of the blood in the sclera has turned yellow, like a bruise. Subconjunctival hemorrhage, also known as subconjunctival haemorrhage and hyposphagma, is bleeding underneath the conjunctiva.

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Symblepharon

A symblepharon is a partial or complete adhesion of the palpebral conjunctiva of the eyelid to the bulbar conjunctiva of the eyeball.

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Synechia (eye)

A synechia is an eye condition where the iris adheres to either the cornea (i.e. anterior synechia) or lens (i.e. posterior synechia).

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Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum.

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Systemic inflammation

Chronic systemic inflammation (SI) is the result of release of pro-inflammatory cytokines from immune-related cells and the chronic activation of the innate immune system.

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Trichiasis

Trichiasis a medical term for abnormally positioned eyelashes that grow back toward the eye, touching the cornea or conjunctiva.

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Uveitis

Uveitis is the inflammation of the uvea, the pigmented layer that lies between the inner retina and the outer fibrous layer composed of the sclera and cornea.

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Vascular disease

Vascular disease is a class of diseases of the blood vessels – the arteries and veins of the circulatory system of the body.

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Vision disorder

A vision disorder is an impairment of the sense of vision.

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Visual field

The visual field is the "spatial array of visual sensations available to observation in introspectionist psychological experiments".

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Visual impairment

Visual impairment, also known as vision impairment or vision loss, is a decreased ability to see to a degree that causes problems not fixable by usual means, such as glasses.

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Visual system

The visual system is the part of the central nervous system which gives organisms the ability to process visual detail, as well as enabling the formation of several non-image photo response functions.

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Vitreous body

The vitreous body is the clear gel that fills the space between the lens and the retina of the eyeball of humans and other vertebrates.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

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Xanthelasma

Xanthelasma is a sharply demarcated yellowish deposit of cholesterol underneath the skin, usually on or around the eyelids.

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2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ICD-10_Chapter_VII:_Diseases_of_the_eye,_adnexa

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