64 relations: April Fools' Day, Arbor Networks, Best-effort delivery, Bob Kahn, Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure, Checksum, Communication protocol, Connection-oriented communication, Connectionless communication, CYCLADES, Data buffer, Data corruption, Data terminal equipment, Datagram, Encapsulation (networking), End-to-end principle, Exterior gateway protocol, Federal government of the United States, Header (computing), Host (network), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Interior gateway protocol, Internet, Internet Control Message Protocol, Internet Engineering Task Force, Internet Experiment Note, Internet layer, Internet protocol suite, Internet Stream Protocol, Internetworking, IP address, IP fragmentation, IP header, IP routing, IPv4, IPv6, Link layer, List of IP protocol numbers, Maximum transmission unit, Names of large numbers, Network complexity, Network layer, Network packet, Next-generation network, Node (networking), Out-of-order delivery, Packet loss, Packet switching, Path MTU Discovery, Payload (computing), ..., Reliability (computer networking), Router (computing), Routing, Routing protocol, Subnetwork, Symantec, The Register, Transmission Control Protocol, Transport layer, User Datagram Protocol, Vint Cerf, 1,000,000,000, 128-bit, 32-bit. Expand index (14 more) » « Shrink index
April Fools' Day is an annual celebration in some European and Western countries commemorated on April 1 by playing practical jokes and spreading hoaxes.
Arbor Networks is a software company founded in 2000.
Best-effort delivery describes a network service in which the network does not provide any guarantee that data is delivered or that delivery meets any quality of service.
Robert Elliot Kahn (born December 23, 1938) is an American electrical engineer, who, along with Vint Cerf, invented the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP), the fundamental communication protocols at the heart of the Internet.
Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure (CPNI) is the United Kingdom government authority which provides protective security advice to businesses and organisations across the national infrastructure.
A checksum is a small-sized datum derived from a block of digital data for the purpose of detecting errors which may have been introduced during its transmission or storage.
In telecommunication, a communication protocol is a system of rules that allow two or more entities of a communications system to transmit information via any kind of variation of a physical quantity.
Connection-oriented communication is a network communication mode in telecommunications and computer networking, where a communication session or a semi-permanent connection is established before any useful data can be transferred, and where a stream of data is delivered in the same order as it was sent.
Connectionless communication, often referred to as CL-mode communication,Information Processing Systems - Open Systems Interconnection, "Transport Service Definition - Addendum 1: Connectionless-mode Transmission", International Organization for Standardization, International Standard 8072/AD 1, December 1986.
The CYCLADES computer network was a French research network created in the early 1970s.
In computer science, a data buffer (or just buffer) is a region of a physical memory storage used to temporarily store data while it is being moved from one place to another.
Data corruption refers to errors in computer data that occur during writing, reading, storage, transmission, or processing, which introduce unintended changes to the original data.
Data terminal equipment (DTE) is an end instrument that converts user information into signals or reconverts received signals.
A datagram is a basic transfer unit associated with a packet-switched network.
In computer networking, encapsulation is a method of designing modular communication protocols in which logically separate functions in the network are abstracted from their underlying structures by inclusion or information hiding within higher level objects.
The end-to-end principle is a design framework in computer networking.
An exterior gateway protocol is a routing protocol used to exchange routing information between autonomous systems.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
In information technology, header refers to supplemental data placed at the beginning of a block of data being stored or transmitted.
A network host is a computer or other device connected to a computer network.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.
An interior gateway protocol (IGP) is a type of protocol used for exchanging routing information between gateways (commonly routers) within an autonomous system (for example, a system of corporate local area networks).
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
The Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) is a supporting protocol in the Internet protocol suite.
The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).
An Internet Experiment Note (IEN) is a sequentially numbered document in a series of technical publications issued by the participants of the early development work groups that created the precursors of the modern Internet.
The internet layer is a group of internetworking methods, protocols, and specifications in the Internet protocol suite that are used to transport datagrams (packets) from the originating host across network boundaries, if necessary, to the destination host specified by an IP address.
The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
The Internet Stream Protocol (ST and later ST-II) is a family of experimental protocols first defined in Internet Experiment Note IEN-119 (1979), and later substantially revised in RFC 1190 (ST-II) and RFC 1819 (ST2+).
Internetworking is the practice of connecting a computer network with other networks through the use of gateways that provide a common method of routing information packets between the networks.
An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication.
An example of the fragmentation of a protocol data unit in a given layer into smaller fragments. IP fragmentation is an Internet Protocol (IP) process that breaks packets into smaller pieces (fragments), so that the resulting pieces can pass through a link with a smaller maximum transmission unit (MTU) than the original packet size.
An IP header is header information at the beginning of an IP packet which contains information about IP version, source IP address, destination IP address, time-to-live, etc.
IP routing is the field of routing methodologies of Internet Protocol (IP) packets within and across IP networks.
Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) is the fourth version of the Internet Protocol (IP).
Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the most recent version of the Internet Protocol (IP), the communications protocol that provides an identification and location system for computers on networks and routes traffic across the Internet.
In computer networking, the link layer is the lowest layer in the Internet Protocol Suite, the networking architecture of the Internet.
Below are the Assigned Internet Protocol Numbers found in the Protocol field of the IPv4 header and the Next Header field of the IPv6 header.
In computer networking, the maximum transmission unit (MTU) is the size of the largest protocol data unit (PDU) that can be communicated in a single network layer transaction.
This article lists and discusses the usage and derivation of names of large numbers, together with their possible extensions.
Network complexity is the number of nodes and alternative paths that exist within a computer network, as well as the variety of communication media, communications equipment, protocols, and hardware and software platforms found in the network.
In the seven-layer OSI model of computer networking, the network layer is layer 3.
A network packet is a formatted unit of data carried by a packet-switched network.
The next-generation network (NGN) is a body of key architectural changes in telecommunication core and access networks.
In telecommunications networks, a node (Latin nodus, ‘knot’) is either a redistribution point or a communication endpoint.
In computer networking, out-of-order delivery is the delivery of data packets in a different order from which they were sent.
Packet loss occurs when one or more packets of data travelling across a computer network fail to reach their destination.
Packet switching is a method of grouping data which is transmitted over a digital network into packets which are made of a header and a payload.
Path MTU Discovery (PMTUD) is a standardized technique in computer networking for determining the maximum transmission unit (MTU) size on the network path between two Internet Protocol (IP) hosts, usually with the goal of avoiding IP fragmentation.
In computing and telecommunications, the payload is the part of transmitted data that is the actual intended message.
In computer networking, a reliable protocol provides notifications to the sender as to the delivery of transmitted data, as opposed to an unreliable protocol, which does not provide assurance of the delivery of data to the intended recipient(s).
A router is a networking device that forwards data packets between computer networks.
Routing is the process of selecting a path for traffic in a network, or between or across multiple networks.
A routing protocol specifies how routers communicate with each other, distributing information that enables them to select routes between any two nodes on a computer network.
A subnetwork or subnet is a logical subdivision of an IP network.
Symantec Corporation (commonly known as Symantec) is an American software company headquartered in Mountain View, California, United States.
The Register (nicknamed El Reg) is a British technology news and opinion website co-founded in 1994 by Mike Magee, John Lettice and Ross Alderson.
The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is one of the main protocols of the Internet protocol suite.
In computer networking, the transport layer is a conceptual division of methods in the layered architecture of protocols in the network stack in the Internet Protocol Suite and the OSI model.
In computer networking, the User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is one of the core members of the Internet protocol suite.
Vinton Gray Cerf ForMemRS, (born June 23, 1943) is an American Internet pioneer, who is recognized as one of "the fathers of the Internet", sharing this title with TCP/IP co-inventor Bob Kahn.
1,000,000,000 (one billion, short scale; one thousand million or milliard, yard, long scale) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001.
While there are currently no mainstream general-purpose processors built to operate on 128-bit integers or addresses, a number of processors do have specialized ways to operate on 128-bit chunks of data.
32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.